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Full text of "Catalogue of the collection of playing cards bequeathed to the Trustees of the British museum by the late Lady Charlotte Schreiber"




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CATALOGUE 



OF 



THE COLLECTION 



OF 



PLAYING CARDS 



BEQUEATHED TO THE TRUSTEES OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM ; ^ ^4 f 



BY THE LATE 



LADY CHAULOTTE SCHREIBER. 



COMPILED BY 

FREEMAN M. O'DONOGHUE, F.S.A., 

ASSISTANT-KEEPER OF PRINTS AND DRAWINGS. 



Printed by Order of the Trustees. 



LONDON: 

LONGMANS & CO., Pateenosteb Eow; B. QUAEITCH, 15, Piccadilly; 

ASHEE & CO., 13, Bedford Street, Covent Garden; 

KEGAN PAUL, TEENCH, TEUBNEE & CO., Paternoster House, 

Charing Cross Eoad; and 

HENBY FBOWDE, Oxford University Press, Amen Corner. 

1901, 



ON 
!?33 



LONDON : 
PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, Limited, 

STAMFORD STREET AND CHARING CROSS. 



PREFACE. 



The late Lady Charlotte Schreiber formed during her lifetime an 
extensive collection of the Playing-Cards of various countries, and, 
dying in 1895, bequeathed the collection to the Trustees of the 
British Museum. In accordance with the terms of the legacy, all 
those items were retained which were not strictly duplicates of 
others already in the Museum, the remainder being returned to 
the executors. The portion retained constitutes a very important 
addition to the collection which previously belonged to the 
department.* 

The present separate catalogue of the addition to the national 
collection thus made by Lady C. Schreiber's bequest, has been 
prepared by Mr. F. M. O'Donoghue, Assistant-Keeper of Prints 
and Drawings in the Museum, and is published by the Trustees 
in accordance with an undertaking made on their behalf to the 
executors of the testatrix when her bequest was accepted. 

Among the most important items in the collection are, in the 
Italian section, Mitelli's tarocchino and "II Passa Tempo" packs; 
Fresehot's cards of Venetian Heraldry, 1707 ; and two interesting 
Ombre packs, probably executed in Venice, one hand-painted on 
plates of silver and enclosed in a silver case, the other engraved 
on brass plates and contained in a case of the same material. 

The French section includes a proof sheet of early 16th century 
court cards, bearing the name of the maker, Andre Perrocet ; a 
series of the educational packs, devised by Jean Desmarest and 
executed by Delia Bella in the middle of the 17th century ; 
several editions of the heraldic pack issued by Oronce Fin6 
(Brianville) at the same period ; and several Eepublican and 

* See W. H. Wiltshire, M.D. A descriptive Catalogue of Playing and other 
Cards in the British Museum ; printed by the order of the Trustees, 1876. 



326191 



IV PEEP ACE 



Empire packs ; also examples of the fortune-telling cards of 
Eteilla, and the humorous cards of Atthalin. 

The German division, which is the most numerous in the 
collection, contains the well-known " Stukeley " pack ; the scarce 
artistic cards produced by Jobst Amman and Virgil Solis; and 
several rare early sheets, including a curious and (so far as is 
known) unique plate of eight of the Italian suit of cups, fancifully 
treated, engraved by an unknown master of the 15th century. 

The most interesting feature of the English section is the 
series of engraved historical packs of the late 17th and early 18th 
centuries, illustrating the Popish Plots, the Eump Parliament, 
Monmouth's Rebellion, the |Eeigns of James II and Queen Anne, 
the Impeachment of Dr. Sacheverell, and the Bubble companies 
of 1720 ; in these the Museum collection was previously very 
deficient, some of them being extremely scarce. 

The Spanish, Dutch and Flemish and Swiss packs and sheets, 
though fairly numerous and representative, do not include any 
specially noteworthy items. The Oriental examples are neither 
numerous nor important, all being modern ; the largest group is 
the Chinese, which was brought together by Mr. W. H. Wilkinson, 
of H.M. Consular Service. 

A number of the most interesting specimens, selected from 
Lady Charlotte Schreiber's collection while it was still in her 
hands, have been figured in three large illustrated volumes, com- 
piled by the collector with the assistance of the late Sir A. W. 
Franks, under the title, 'Playing Cards of various ages and 
countries' (London: Murray, 1892, 1893, 1895). Eeferences to 
this work are given in the following catalogue in brackets 
following the descriptions, thus : [S., Vol. II. pi. 125], etc. 



SIDNEY COLVIN. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



PACKS. 
Italian : — 

Tarot packs : — 

For Tarocchi 

For Tarocchino 

For Minchiate 
Ombre packs 
Packs of 52 . 

„ 48 . 

„ 36 . 

„ 32 . 
Composite cards 

Fragmentary packs and odd cards 
Cards without suits . 

Spanish : — 

Ombre packs .... 

Packs of 48 .... 

„ 52 . 

Portuguese ..... 

French : — 

Jeux de Tarots 

Piquet packs .... 

Packs of 52 .... 

Breton Alluettes 

Fragmentary packs and odd cards 

Cards without suits . 

German : — 

With national suits : — 
Packs of 48 
„ 36 
„ 32 
„ 20 
„ 52 
Fragmentary packs and odd cards 



5 
11 
13 
16 
20 
25 
25 
26 
26 
26 
28 

32 
34 
41 

42 

43 

47 
54 
66 
66 
69 



75 
76 
86 
93 
93 
93 



VI 



CONTENTS. 



German [continued) : — 

With fancy suits 
With French suits : — 
Tarok packs of 78 
54 
Packs of 56 
36 
32 
52 
40 
24 

Fragmentary packs and odd cards 
With Italian suits : — 
Tarot packs of 78 
54 
Trappola packs . 
With emblematic suits 
Cards without suits . 

Swiss : — 

Tarot packs 
Packs of 36 and 32 . 
„ 52 . 



Dutch :- 



Piquet packs . 
Instructive and fanciful 



94 

95 
105 
107 
108 
109 
113 
122 
123 
123 

125 
127 
127 
130 
131 



141 
143 
144 



146 
146 



Flemish : — 

Tarot packs 
Piquet packs . 
Packs of 52 . 

Russian 

Polish . 

Swedish 

Danish 

English: — 

Packs of 52 . 
Piquet packs . 
Cards without suits 



American 
Indian . 



150 
152 
152 

153 

154 

154 

155 

155 
170 
171 

182 

183 



CONTENTS. 



Vll 



Javanese 
Japanese 
Chinese 



PAGE 

184 
184 

184 



SHEETS. 



Italian 

Spanish 

French 

German : — 

With national suits 
With fancy suits 
With Italian suits 
With French suits 
Without suits 

Swiss . 

Dutch . 

Danish 

English 

Uncertain 



195 
196 
197 

200 
206 
206 
207 
209 

210 

210 

211 

211 

211 



Card Wrappers . 
Wood Blocks 
Miscellanea . 
Books relating to Cards 



212 
213 
213 
214 



CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Playing cards may be broadly divided into two classes, viz. : — the four- 
suit numeral pack and the tarot * pack. These have both been, and to 
some extent still are, popular in Italy and the southern parts of France 
and Germany ; but in Spain, the north of France and Germany, and all 
other European countries, the four-suit numeral pack alone has found 
favour. In its complete form this always consisted of 52 pieces (though 
the number has been reduced for Trappola, Ombre, Piquet and other 
games), each of the four suits being composed of three court (or coat) and 
ten pip cards. In Italy and Spain the suits used are Cups, Swords, Coins 
and Clubs, the court cards being King, Knight and Knave ; in Germany 
the suits are Hearts, Bells, Leaves and Acorns, and the court cards King 
and two Knaves (styled Obermann and Untermann) ; while in France the 
suits are Hearts, Spades, Diamonds and Clubs, the court cards being 
King, Queen and Knave. In England and the Netherlands the French 
characteristics have been adopted, and they are now coming into general 
use in all countries. 

The tarot sequence, which is of Italian origin, and is used for the 
Italian game of Tarocchi, (as also, with modifications, for the cognate 
games Tarocchino and Minchiate), has the same four suits as the ordinary 
pack combined with a set of 22 emblematical designs called tarocchi or 
tarots, which constitute a fifth suit ; these are also termed in Italy atutti 
or trionfi, and in France atouts ( = trumps), from the fact that they are 
superior to all others. Also each of the ordinary suits has four court 
cards, King, Queen, Knight and Knave, the total number of cards in the 
pack being thus raised to 78. The usual subjects of the atouts are : — 
I. II Bagatto (Le Bateleur) ; II. La Papessa (La Papesse) ; III. LTmpera- 
trice (L'Imperatriee) ; IV. L'Imperatore (L'Empereur) ; V. II Papa (Le 
Pape) ; VI. Gli Amanti (L'Amoureux) ; VII. La Carossa (Le Chariot) ; 
VIII. La Giustitia (La Justice) ; IX. L'Eremita (L'Eremite) ; X. Ruota 
di Fortuna (Roue de Fortune) ; XL La Forza (La Force) ; XII. L'Appeso 
(Le Pendu) ; XIII. (no title) Death ; XIV. La Temperanza (La Temper* 

* Fi\ tarot = Ital. tarocco (plur. tarocchi). 



2 CATALOGUE OF OABDS. 

ance) ; XV. II Diavolo (Le Diable) ; XVI. La Torre (La Maison Dieu) ; 
XVII. Le Stelle (L'Etoile) ; XVIII. La Luna (La Lime) ; XIX. II Sole 
(Le Soleil) ; XX. II Giudizio (Le Jugement) ; XXI. II Mondo (Le Monde) ; 
and, unnumbered, II Matto (Le Fou).* 

The old French and German tarot packs have Italian suitmarks, and 
in every way resemble the Italian tarocchi sequence; but in modern 
German packs French suitmarks are used, and the traditional subjects of 
the tarots are replaced by fanciful and meaningless designs, frequently 
subjects of natural history. 

The tarocchi game is of a complicated character and played in a 
variety of ways, but in every case the tarots constitute a permanent suit 
of trumps and take all cards of the ordinary suits. They also vary in 
value amongst themselves, the higher numbers taking the lower. Three 
of them, II Mondo, II Bagatto, and Matto, which in the modern game are 
called Matadors, have special powers, and with the four Kings of the 
other suits constitute the seven "honours" of the pack. 

The question of the country and period which gave birth to Playing 
Cards, though it has been the subject of much discussion and research 
during the last two centuries, remains as yet undetermined. But that, 
as far as Europe is concerned, they first appeared in Italy, and probably 
at Venice, in the middle of the 14th century is now the accepted opinion. 
It has also been generally assumed, but with less justification, that their 
earliest form was the tarot pack (i.e., the combined series of emblematical 
and numeral cards as above described), and that the use of the purely 
numeral set was a later modification. Merlin f adopted this view, and 
formulated the theory that (1) at the time mentioned there was current 
in Italy a set of emblematical designs, then termed " Naibis," and later 
" Tarocchi," which were used for the instruction and entertainment of 
youth, and have probably been transmitted to us in the so-called " Tar- 
occhi di Mantegna " ; (2) that a mode of gaming with these was first 
devised ; (3) that subsequently, by the combination of a portion of these 
and others of a moral character with four suits of numerals, the tarot 
pack, as we know it, was evolved ; and finally (4) that the combined game 
thus devised being found too complicated, it was simplified by the rejec- 
tion, in all but the southern countries above named, of the Tarot sequence 
and the adoption of games playable with the four numeral sequences 
exclusively. This idea was based mainly on conjecture, having little real 
evidence to support it, and, in the face of documents which have come to 
light since Merlin wrote, can no longer be maintained. 

Of these the most important is a MS. in the British Museum 
(Eg. 2419), of which Mr. E. A. Bond printed an account in the Athenseum 
of 19th January, 1878. It was written in 1377 by one Johannes, a 
German monk, with the title " De Moribus et Disciplina Humane Con- 

* For a full description and explanation of these symbols, see Willshire, p. 138, 
and supp. p. 49. 

t "Origine des cartes a jouer;" Paris, 1869. 



INTRODUCTION. 



versationis," and contains a description of the " ludus cartarum " which, 
the author states, had been introduced into his country in that same year 
1377. From this it appears that, although the exact composition of the 
pack was not then definitely settled, it consisted of 52 cards only, with 
Italian suitmarks, and was practically identical with the modern whist 
sequence. This, it is to be noted, is the earliest authentic reference to 
playing cards that has yet been found. A repetition of the MS., pre- 
served in the Imperial Library at Vienna, is mentioned in Echard's 
" Scriptores Ordinis Praedicatorum," 1721, but without any description 
of its contents ; its importance, consequently, was not recognised by 
Singer, who (p. 219) only alludes incidentally to Echard's statement. 

Another interesting discovery is a volume of sermons of c. 1450-70, 
now in the possession of Mr. Robert Steele, F.S.A., who read a paper 
upon it at a meeting of the Society of Antiquaries on 31st May, 1900 
(printed in Archseologia). In one of these sermons, which is directed 
against gambling, the three favourite implements for the pastime then in 
use are stated to be dice, cards and triumphs, and of these the second is 
described as consisting only of the four suits Cups, Swords, Coins and 
Clubs, while the third is formed of the 22 emblems which we now 
associate with the tarot pack, without any numerals. 

These documents, together with other facts and arguments which are 
set forth in Mr. Steele's paper, seem to prove almost conclusively that the 
earliest cards were of the purely numeral kind ; that for many years a 
game of " triumphs " or " tarots " existed in Italy side by side with tha 
numeral card game, but quite distinct from it ; and that the fusion of the 
two games into one, and consequent introduction of the combined tarot 
pack used for the Tarocchi and Minchiate games, belong to the 15th 
century. 



b 2 



CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 



ITALIAN. 

The suits used in Italian cards are Coppe (cups), Spade (swords), 
Danari (coins), and Bastoni (clubs), and these have a traditional type 
which has seldom been departed from. The cups are ecclesiastical chalices ; 
the coins are decorated with rosettes ; the swords are long curved blades 
arranged in two sheaves which interlace at top and bottom ; and the clubs 
straight thin staves similarly arranged but interlacing in the centre. The 
court cards are Be (king), Cavallo (knight), Fante (knave), and (in the 
Tarot pack) Begina (queen). 

The Tarot sequence has been used in Italy for three classes of games, 
the Tarocchi of Venice, the Tarocchino of Bologna, and the Minchiate of 
Florence. For the first a pack of 78 cards is used, composed of 22 atutti 
and the 56 numeral cards. The atutti and court cards have their names 
in the lower margin, either in Italian or (as is frequently the case) in 
French, and the former are numbered with Roman figures. 

Tarocchino, which is traditionally stated to have been invented by 
Prince Fibbia at Bologna early in the 15th century, but is probably much 
more modern, is a modification of Tarocchi, its distinctive features being 
the reduction of the pack to 62 pieces by the omission from the numeral 
suits of all the twos, threes, fours and fives, and the substitution of Moors 
or " satraps " for the figures on the four papal and imperial atutti. The 
atutti and court cards are without titles, and of the former only twelve 
(5-16) are numbered. 

The Florentine game of Minchiate, which is played with a pack of 97 
cards, bears a general resemblance to the Tarocchi of Venice, but the 
subjects and arrangements of the atutti are slightly varied and their 
number increased to 41 by the addition of the three Theological Virtues, 
one of the Cardinal Virtues (Prudence), the 4 Elements, and the 12 signs 
of the Zodiac. The subjects of the last 8 are relieved on a red ground. 
In the numeral suits the Gavalli are monsters with human heads, and of 
the four Fanti two are warriors and two servants. Also the Spade and 
Bastoni suitmarks differ in form from those of the Tarocchi pack, the 
former being weapons of the conventional military pattern, crossed diagon- 
ally ; and the latter short batons. 

[For a description of the rules of these tarot games see Singer 
p. 236.] 



ITALIAN CABDS. 



Cards of true Italian manufacture usually have a fanciful decoration 
on the backs, the paper forming which is folded over to the front to form 
a, border. 



I.—TAROT PACKS. 

(a.) Packs of 78 for Tarocchi. 

1. "Tarocchi di Mantegna." Five of the second and inferior set of 

the well-known fifteenth century emblematical plates usually re- 
ferred to by this title, although they are not tarocchi and are 
executed in a manner wholly different from that of Mantegna. 
These five pieces, which complete the series already in the Museum, 
are :— No. II. "Famiro," No. VIII. "Re," No. IX. "Imperatore," 
No. XLV. " Marte," and No. XLVI. « Jupiter." 

[For a full description of the whole sequence see Willshire\s 
Catalogue, p. 65.] 

2. Bologna. A. de Maria, "al Mondo"; c. 1810. Complete pack. 

On the 2 of cups is " Ant. de Maria al Mondo," and on the 2 of 
coins " Tarochi Fini." In the centre of the 4 of coins is an imperial 
orb. Nos. XII and XIII of the atutti bear the duty stamp of the 
kingdom of Italy, which existed 1805-1814. Names of the court 
cards and atutti in French. Backs decorated with a red pattern of 
lozenges and stars, and inscribed "al Mondo." 

4J x 2J in. 

3. Bologna. A. Marisi, "alia Columba," 1750. Complete pack. On 

the 2 of cups is " Fabrica di Angelo Marisi," and on the 2 of coins 
"Giuseppe Smit fecit in Bologna l'anno 1750." Names of the 
court cards and atutti in French. Backs decorated with a formal 
diagonal pattern in black, and inscribed " alia Columba." 

4J x 2| in. 

4. Genoa. F. F. Solesio ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 76, printed 

in blue ink and colours. On the 2 of cups is "F, F. Solesio, 
Genova." Names of the court cards and atutti in Italian. The 
missing cards are the knave of cups and the ace of coins. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of wavy blue lines and dots. 

4i x 2i in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 56-58] 

5. Gorizia [Gorz], Illyria ; 18th century. Complete pack. On the 2 of 

cups is " Fabrica in Gorizia." Names of the court cards and atutti 
in French. Backs decorated with a blue diagonal pattern, having 
two vases in a panel in the centre. 

4J x 2J in. 



CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 



6. Milan. E. Dotti; 19th century. Imperfect pack of 54. On the 

ace of coins is "Edoardo Dotti, Milano," and on the 2 of cups 
"Fabbrica di Milano." Names of the court cards and atutti in 
Italian. The missing cards are the knight and 4 of swords, the 
knave of coins, the 8 of clubs, and all the atutti except No. XVIII 
and Matto. Backs decorated with a blue panel of ornament. 

H x 2i in. 

7. Milan. Gumppenberg ; modern. Imperfect pack of 76. On the 2 of 

cups is " Fabbricatore Gumppenberg," and on No. Ill of the atutti 
" F. in Milano." The king of clubs bears a duty stamp. Names 
of the court cards and atutti in Italian. The missing cards are the 
2 of swords and the 10 of coins. Backs decorated with a blue 
panel of ornament, and inscribed " Milano." 

41 X 2J in. 

8. Milan. Gumppenberg; c. 1820. Complete pack, well engraved by 

C. della Rocca from artistic versions of the conventional designs, 
and coloured. The king of clubs bears the inscriptions " Fab a . di 
Gumppenberg, Milano," and "C. Dellarocca inc.," with a duty 
stamp. Names of the court cards and atutti in Italian. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of red stars. 

4J x 2J in. 

9. Milan. Gumppenberg; 19th century. Imperfect double-ended pack 

of 38, consisting of the court cards and atutti only, engraved and 
coloured, with French suitmarks. The court cards are without 
inscriptions, the atutti are natural history subjects (as in modern 
German packs), with Italian titles. No. II of the atutti has the 
arms of Milan and Yenice, with a boy pointing to a tablet 
inscribed " Ferdinando Gumppenberg Fabb e . di Carte di giuoco in 
Milano, Corsia del Giardino." Backs decorated with a pattern of 
blue stars. 

4 X 2| in. 

10. Milan. Gumppenberg; modern. Complete pack, artistically en- 

graved from modern designs, the suitmarks being of the Spanish 
type, All the cards have a narrow ornamental border. On the 
ace of cups is "Fabbricatore Gumppenberg." Names of the court 
cards and atutti in Italian. Backs decorated with a pattern of 
fed stars. 

4i x 2 in. 

11. Milan ; 19th century. Imperfect pack of 42. On No. Ill of the 

atutti is the word " Milano." Names of the court cards and atutti 
in Italian. The missing cards are — the ace, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 10, queen 



ITALIAN CARDS. 



and king of cups; the ace, 2, 4, 6, 7, 9, 10, and knave of swords ; 
the 2, 3, 5, 10, knave and queen of coins ; the 2, 3, 7, 10, knight, 
queen, and king of clubs ; and atutti Nos. VI, VII, XII, XIV, 
XVI and XVIII. Backs decorated with a geometrical pattern in 
red and yellow, and inscribed " Milano." In old leather-covered 
case. 

4£ X 2| in. 

12. Milan; 19th century. Complete pack. On the 2 of cups is 

"G.Z. E.P.G. F. in Milano," and on the 2 of coins, " Tarocchi 
Fini." The knave of clubs bears a duty stamp, " B.C. Soldi 6." 
Names of the court cards and atutti in French. Backs decorated 
with a diagonal pattern in pink, and inscribed "F. di Milano." 

4J X 2J in. 

13. Modena. Manbrini; 19th century. Imperfect pack of 61. On the 

2 of cups is " Tarochi Fini F. Manbrini," and on the 2 of coins 
"Tarochi Fini." Names of the court cards and atutti in French. 
The missing cards are — the knight of cups, all the clubs except 
the king and queen, and atutti Nos. I, II, IV and VII. Backs 
decorated with the arms of the Duke of Modena, neatly engraved 
on wood. 

4* x 2J in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 61.] 

14. Oneglia. N. No varo; 19th century. Complete pack. On the 2 of 

cups is "Fabrica di Oneglia," on the 2 of coins "Nicola Novaro," 
and on the ace of coins " Novaro Nicola." No. VII of the atutti 
bears the initials of the engraver, V. B. Names of the court 
cards and atutti in French. Backs decorated with a pattern of 
stars in blue. 

4| x 2* in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 59.] 

15. Padua; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 44. The 2 of cups and 

2 of coins are inscribed " Fabricate in Padova." Names of the 
court cards and atutti in French. The missing cards are the ace, 
4, 5, 6, 8, 10, and king of cups; the ace, 2, 4, 5, 8, and knave 
of swords ; the ace, 3, 4, 5, 8, and 10 of coins ; the ace, 2, 4-7, and 
queen of clubs ; and atutti Nos. I, III, IV, X, XII, XV, XIX 
and XX. Backs decorated with a blue panel. 

4* X 21 in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 61.] 

16. Serravalle. Avondo; 19th century. Complete pack, executed in 

chromolithography ; the court cards and atutti of florid and fanciful 
design, with names in Italian. On the ace of coins is " Stab to . 
Frat u . Avondo, Serravalle-Sesia," with the Italian duty stamp. 
Backs decorated with a formal pattern in brown. 

4J x 2i in. 



CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 



17. Serravalle. G. Chastelano, 1744. Imperfect pack of 74. On 

the 2 of cups is " Giachomo Chastelano B fecit 1744," and on 

the 2 of coins " Scultori Torelli di Sera vie fecit le Stanpe." Names 
of the court cards and atutti in French. The missing cards are 
the 6 of swords and the 2, 3, and 8 of clubs. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of ermine spots. 

4i x 2f in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 60.] 

18. Serravalle. P. Cheminade, 1742. Complete pack. On the 2 of 

coin& is "Faites par Pierre Cheminade in Seravale 1742." The 
4 of coins has the arms of Savoy on an eagle, and the same coat 
occurs on the 2 of cups. Names of the court cards and atutti in 
French. The ace of coins bears several duty stamps. Backs 
decorated with a diagonal pattern in black. 

4| X 2f in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. GO.] 

19. Turin. Beltramo, 18th century. Imperfect pack of 77. On the 

ace and 2 of cups is " Beltramo Torino," and on the other three 
aces " Beltramo Yia Rosa Rossa No. 3." Names of the court cards 
and atutti in French. The missing card is No. XIX of the atutti. 
Backs decorated with an interlaced pattern in blue and white. 

H x 2i in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 59.] 

20. Turin. Beltramo, 18th century. Complete pack, similar in all 

respects to the last, many of the pieces being apparently printed 
from the same blocks. On the ace of cups is " Beltramo Torino," 
on the three others "Beltramo via S. Maurizio No. 14 Torino," 
and on the 2 of cups " Fabbrica di Carte e Tarocchi di Beltramo in 
Torino." Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern in blue. 

4| x 2i in. 

21. Turin. Rossi, 18th century. Complete pack. On the ace of cups 

is " Rossi Torino," on the 2 " Fabrica di Rossi in Torino," on the 
aces of swords and clubs " Rossi Gio ni . con da . dei Peliciai Porta 
No. 8 Torino," and on that of coins " Rossi." Names of the court 
cards and atutti in Italian. Backs decorated with a check pattern 
in blue and white. In old black case. 

41 X 2h in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 60.] 

22. Turin. S. Vergnano. Complete pack. The ace of coins is 

inscribed " Vergnano, Dora Grossa No. 9 Torino," the 2 of cups 
" Fabrica di Vergnano a Torino," and the ace of swords " Vergnano 
a Torino." Names of the court cards and atutti in Italian. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of stars in blue. 

4| x 2| in. 



ITALIAN CABDS. 9 



23. Turin. S. Yergnano. Complete pack similar to the last, the 

designs being only slightly varied. On the ace of cups is 
" Vergnano contra di Dora Grossa P. No. 9 Torino," on the 
2 of cups " Fabbrica di Yergnano in Torino," on the ace of coins 
" Stefano Yergnano Incise," on the 2 of coins " Yergnano," and 
on the aces of swords and clubs " Yergnano a Torino." Backs 
decorated with a pattern of wavy blue and brown lines. 

4£ x 2£ in. 

24. Turin. A. Yiassone ; modern. Complete pack, with the original 

wrapper, which is inscribed "Yiassone Fabbricante di Carte e 
Tarocchi non trasparenti contrada di S. Tommaso Porta No. 16 
Torino." On all the aces is " Yiassone a Torino," and on the 2 
of cups " Fabbrica di Yiassone in Torino." Names of the court 
cards and atutti in Italian. Backs decorated with a network 
pattern in blue and white. 

4f x 2| in, 

25. Turin. A. Yiassone, 1888. Complete double-ended pack, with 

the original wrapper. The ace of coins is inscribed "Yiassone 
Alessandro Torino, Fabbrica Yia Nizza 104, Deposito Yia 
Arsenale 4," and bears two duty stamps, one dated "13 Giu. 88." 
Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern in black. 

4| X 2\ in. 

[The pack is accompanied by a small volume entitled " The 
Tarot," by S. L. McGregor Mathers, 1888.] 

26. Place of issue uncertain. Modern. Imperfect double-ended pack 

of 76. The 2 of cups is inscribed " Tarochi Fini." The court cards 
and atutti are without titles. The two missing cards are the king 
and ace of coins. Backs decorated with a pattern of ermine spots, 
in blue. 

4| x 2£ in. 



27. Geography of Europe. [? Naples, c. 1780]. Complete engraved 
and coloured pack, with an extra card giving the title " Gioco 
Geografico delF Europa," and an explanation which shows that it 
was to be used like a tarocchi pack. The four suits are repre- 
sented by the four parts (Nord, Slid, Centro and Isole) of Europe, 
the first ten cards of each suit giving the divisions and sub- 
divisions of the principal countries, and the four court cards their 
arms and other information. Maps of the same countries and of 
the quarters of the globe, occupy all the atutti except the first and 



10 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

last, which have allegorical figures of the rivers of Europe. Backs 
decorated with a human figure on a globe, executed in calligraphic 
flourishes, and inscribed " Gioco Geografico dell' Europa." In 
original white parchment case lettered " Giuoco Geografico." 

4| x 2| in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 81-86.] 

28. Geography of Europe. Pack of 40, identical with the preceding, 

all the court cards and atutti being absent. The first three cards 
of each suit are numbered in the centre. Coloured. Backs plain. 
In old gilt leather case. 

29. Geography of Europe. Imperfect pack of 77, copied from No. 27, 

but altogether inferior to it. "With the exception of the atutti, 
the cards are type printed and without embellishment. The missing 
card is No. 19 of the atutti (map of Africa), and its place is supplied 
bj a second impression of No. 21 (map of Europe). Uncoloured. 
Backs plain. In old pasteboard case. 

H x 2| in. 

30. Geography of Europe; Parma, 1790. Imperfect pack of 77, 

each being a map of some part of Europe. It is arranged to be 
used for the tarocchi game, but the five divisions, cups, swords, 
coins, clubs, and atutti, are indicated only by borders of five 
different colours, brown, red, green, yellow, and blue. The first 
is devoted to Italy, the second to Germany, Switzerland, and the 
Low Countries, the third to France, the fourth to Spain and 
Portugal, and the fifth to the rest of Europe. The " Explication 
du Jeu," which takes the place of Matto, bears the engraver's 
name, " Gr. par Marco di Pietro a Rome," and No. XXI of the 
atutti, which is a " Mappe-monde," is inscribed " Pour le Royal 
College des Nobles de Parme." Inscriptions all in French. Backs 
decorated with the arms of Parma. In old pasteboard case. 

4| X 2f in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 80.] 

31. Geography of Europe. A later edition of the preceding pack, 

with some slight corrections. In this case the inscription on 
No. XXI of the atutti and the engraver's name on the last card 
have been removed. A MS. title accompanies the pack, " Chartes 
LXXVIII. Ou La Geographie en Jeu de Taroques, Par M r . 
L'Abbe Desprotti de la Compagnie de Jesus ; Parme, 1790, Par 
Carmignani." Backs plain. In old pasteboard case lettered in 
gold " Atlan." 

32. Fortune-telling; early 19th century. Complete pack, somewhat 

resembling that of " Eteilla." The cards are numbered throughout, 



ITALIAN CARDS. 11 



1-78, and each has its value stated in words, with a fortune-telling 
word or sentence at top and bottom. No. 1 is " Bagatto, L'uomo 
che consulta." Backs decorated with a small formal pattern in 
blue. 



4J x 2f in. 



(b.) Packs of 62 for Tarocchino. 

33. Bologna; G. Na tali, " al Cigno," early 19th century. Imperfect 

pack of 56, double-ended. The knave of swords holds a shield 
inscribed with the initials G. £L, and on the 10 of coins is iC Alia 
Insegna del Cigno. ,; The missing cards are : — the 6 of cups, the 
ace of swords, the 8 of coins, the 10 of clubs, and Nos. IX, X and 
XIV of the atutti ; but for the ace of swords has been substituted 
an ace of coins, which takes the form of a duty stamp bearing 
the words, " Asso di Denari, Baj. 5, R. C. A." Backs decorated 
with a double-ended uncoloured design of a man and woman 
seated back to back. 
4f x 2£ in. 

34. Bologna ; G. M. Complete pack, from the same designs as the 

last. The shield held by the knave of swords bears the initials 
G. M. The ace of coins is a duty card identical with that sub- 
stituted for the ace of swords in the preceding pack. Backs 
decorated with a figure of Fortune in blue. 
4f x 2i in. 

35. Bologna. Imperfect pack of 61, from the same designs as the 

preceding, with the exception of the ace of coins, which is a 
medallion head, with a running hare above. The shield held by 
the knave of swords is blank. The missing card is the queen of 
coins. Backs decorated with a pattern of circles and diamonds, 
in black. 

4| x 2i in. 

36. Bologna. Fifteen cards of precisely similar character to ~No. 35, 

but drawn from four different packs, as is shown by the decoration 
of the backs. They are : — the 8, 9, 10 and knave of cups ; the 
knight of swords ; the queen of coins ; the knave and 6 of clubs ; 
and atutti, Nos. II, III, VI, XIII, XV, XXI and XXII. The 
backs of eleven of the cards have a double-ended decoration, a 
woman playing the triangle. 

4| x 2| in. 

37. Bologna; "al Mondo"; 18th century. Complete pack. The queens 

of coins and clubs bear the arms of Bentivoglio and Tibbia re- 
spectively ; and the knaves of clubs and swords hold shields 



12 CATALOGUE OF OABDS. 

inscribed ''Bononia doeet" and " Liber tas." On the 10 of coins 
is "Carte fine al Mondo." Backs decorated with an armorial 
cartouche, Pepoli impaling Colonna, and inscribed " al Mondo." 

4f x 2£ in. 

38. Bologna ; Mi telli's Tarocchini ; 17th century. Complete and care- 

fully coloured pack of the well known cards designed and etched 
by Giuseppe Maria Mitelli for the Bentivoglio family. The subjects 
are all fancifully and artistically treated. Backs decorated with 
figure of a horseman who holds a shield charged with the arms of 
(probably) a gonfaloniere of the Pamfili family, with the word 
"Trombetta" at bottom. 

•4* X 2f in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 35-40.] 

39. Bologna; Mitelli's Tarccchini, 1803. Complete pack of coloured 

woodcuts, copied from the preceding. On the king of coins is 
"Incise d'Ordine Espresa del C. Luigi Leonar Bentiv. l'anno 
1 803 ; " on the ace of coins, " Joseph M. Mitelli in. Franciscus 
Barattini sc. ; " on the ace of cups, " Li Trop Vizi Manden In Pre- 
cipizi;" on the ace of swords, "Custodise Custos;" on the ace of 
clubs, " Virtus Ardua ; " and on the 6 of swords, l( Desiderium L. 
Peribit." Backs decorated with a blue panel. In black cardboard 
case. 



40. Ferrara; P. Cassini; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 40, double- 

ended ; very rudely executed. On the ace of coins is " P. Cassini, 
Ferrara." The missing cards are the 7, 8 and 9 of cups; 7-10, 
knave and king of swords; 6, 9 and 10 of coins; 6, 8, 9, 10 and 
king of clubs ; and atutti Nos. II, III, IV, IX and XXII. Backs 
decorated with a blue panel having the word " Ferrara " on a scroll. 

4| x 2 in. 

41. Place of issue uncertain ; 18th century. Complete pack, double- 

ended ; effectively engraved en wood and coloured. Backs de- 
corated with a woodcut of a naked boy, who is in some cases 
turned to the right, in others to the left. In old pasteboard case. 

4£ x 2£ in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 40-43.] 

42. Place of issue uncertain; 18th century. Six cards (from which 

the backs have been removed and mounted separately), belonging 
to a double-ended pack similar to Nos. 33-37, viz. the 9, knight and 
queen of swords, the 9 and queen of clubs and one of the Moors 
belonging to the atutti. The backs are decorative panels in red 
and blue. 

4J x 2 in. 



ITALIAN CARDS. 



43. Geography and Heraldry. Bologna, 1725. Complete set, un- 
coloured and mounted in a bound volume, with an engraved 
frontispiece, printed title-page and 12 page3 of text. The title 

is; "L'Utile col Diletto o sia Geografia intrecciata nel Giuoco 

de Tarocchi, con le Insegne degl' Illustrissimi ed Eccelsi Signori 
Gonfalonieri, ed Anziani di Bologna dal 1670, sino al 1725/' with 
dedication to the Marchese G. P. Pepoli. The atutti are geographi- 
cal tables and the numerals armorial shields, the former printed 
from metal plates, the latter from wood blocks. Every card has 
its symbol or suitmark at the top. A second set of the atutti, with 
slight variations, is placed at the end. This work was suppressed 
by order of the Pope. [For a full account of it see Lady C. 
Schreiber's "Playing Cards," vol. iii, p. 13.] 

5£ x 2| in. 



(c) Packs of 97 for Minchiate. 

44. Bologna; "al Soldato," 18th century. Complete pack. The 3 of 

cups is inscribed " Carte Fine in Bologna," and the 4 of coins 
" Carte Fine al Soldato." The 6 of coins bears the duty stamp of 
Romagna. Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern of fleurs-de-lis 
in black. 

H x 2f in. [S. Vol. ITT, pi. 90.] 

45. Bologna; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 84, identical with the 

last but unmounted. The 13 missing pieces are : — the 3 and 10 of 
cups ; the ace of swords ; the 4 and 7 of coins ; the 6 of clubs, and 
atutti Nos. VIII, XX, XXI, XXX, XXXIII, XXXVIII and 
XXXIX. 

4f X 2| in. 

46. Bologna; "alia Fortuna," 18th century. Complete pack. The 3 

of cups is inscribed " Carte Fine in Bologna," and the 4 of coins 
" Carte Fine all' Imperador." Backs decorated with the Medici 
arms and inscribed " alia Fortuna." 

4J X 2J in. 

47. Florence; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 95 (the two missing 

cards, the 5 of cups and 5 of coins, being supplied from other 
packs), artistically designed and engraved on copper in modern 
style ; the atutti very fancifully treated. In the atutto Fame the 
figure floats over the city of Florence, and from one of the trumpets 
depends a banner bearing the Medici arms. No inscriptions. ITn- 
coloured. Backs decorated with the Medici arms. 

4 x 2| in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 51-55.] 



14 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

48. Florence; 18th century. Eighteen pieces belonging to another 

pack of the same cards ; unmounted and uncoloured. They are : — 
the 3, knave, knight and queen of cups ; the knave, knight, queen 
and king of swords ; the 4, knight, queen and king of coins ; the 
knave, knight, queen and king of clubs, and Nos. XXYI and 
XXVII of the atutti. 

49. Florence; 18th century. Imperfect pack of the same cards, 

coloured. Nineteen are missing, viz., the 3-9 of cups ; the 5 and 
knight of coins ; the 6 and 8-king of clubs; and the last two atutti. 
Backs decorated with a design of two nymphs disarming Cupid, 
with the word " Dido." 

50. Florence; 18th century. Thirty-five of the atutti belonging to 

another pack of the same cards ; coloured. Backs decorated with 
an imperial eagle holding the arms of Lorraine and Medici. 

51. Florence; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 51, rudely executed 

and coloured. The missing cards are the 2, 4, 6-10, queen and 
king of cups ; the 3, 6, 8, 10 and knight of swords ; the 4-8, knight 
and queen of coins ; the 6, 7, 8, 10 and knight of clubs ; and 
atutti Nos. II, III, VIII, IX, XII-XV, XVII, XVIII, XXII, 
XXIV-XXVI, XXIX, XXXIV, XXXV, XXXVII, XXXVIII, 
and XL. Backs decorated with the Medici arms, and inscribed 
" Firenze." 

4 X 2J in. 

52. Florence; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 96, very rudely 

executed and coloured. The missing card is No. XXVII of the 
atutti. Backs decorated with a figure of Andromeda, and inscribed 
" Etruria." 

3| X 2\ in. 

53. Florence; 18th century. Complete pack, rudely executed and 

coloured. Backs decorated with the arms of Austria between 
Lorraine and Medici, and inscribed " Poverino." 

Si X 21 in. 

54. Florence ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 31, differing from the 

last only in the decoration of the backs, which is a group of a 
woman, children and a cow, with the word "Poverino." The 
missing cards are: — the 2, 6-9, knave and knight of cups; the 
ace, 4-6, 9, knight and king of swords ; the 2, 5, 6, 8, 9, knave 
and king of coins; the ace, 4, 8, 10, knight and king of clubs; 
and all the atutti except Nos. II and III. 



ITALIAN CARDS. 15 



55. Florence; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 34, similar to the 

last ; backs decorated with a standing female figure, and inscribed 
. "Firenze." The missing cards are: — the 2, 3, 6, 7, 9, 10, queen 
and king of cups ; the 3-5, 9, and king of swords ; the ace-3, 5, 
7-10 of cups ; the ace, 5, 7-9, knight and king of clubs ; and atutti 
Nos. I, III-VII, IX-XY, XVII, XX-XXVI and XXVIII-XLI. 

3| x 2J in. 

56. Florence ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 96. On the 3 of cups 

is a scroll inscribed " Carte Fine " and No. XXX of the atutti bears 
the word " Giglio." The missing card is No. XVI of the atutti. 
Backs decorated with the arms of Spain, which have an in- 
escutcheon of France impaling Medici, with the word " Etruria." 

3f X 21 in. 

57. Florence; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 48, made up from 

three different packs (as appears by the decoration of the backs), 
all illuminated with body colour and gold, the borders richly gilt. 
In No. Ill of the atutti the Empress holds a shield charged with 
the arms of France and Medici, and a similar shield appears on 
the ace of coins. The missing cards are : — the 9, 10 and queen 
of cups; the 10, knave, knight and king of swords; the 2-10, 
knight and king of coins ; the ace, 5, 8, 10 and knight of clubs ; 
and atutti Nos. II, V, IX, XI, XII, XV-XVIII, XXI-XXV, 
XXVII, XXVIII, XXX-XXXVII, XL, XLI. The backs of 
23 are decorated with the arms of Austria between Lorraine and 
Medici, and the word " Etruria"; those of 14 with the arms of 
France and Medici, and the word " Etruria ;" and 11 with the 
arms of Medici, and the word " Columba." 

3* x 2J in. 

58. Rome; 1823. Complete pack. The 3 of cups is inscribed "Carte 

Fine," and in the centre of a cartouche on the 4 of coins is " Carte 
Fine di Roma." On the 2 of coins is a duty stamp " 1823 Appalto," 
and on the ace of clubs another with the words " Per Case." 
Backs decorated with an ornamental panel in purple. 

3| x 2J in. 

59. Place of issue uncertain ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 66, 

very coarsely executed and coloured. The missing cards are the 4 
and 10 of cups, and atutti Nos. I-IX and XVI-XXXV. Backs 
decorated with a figure of Orpheus. 

3} X 2\ in. 

60. Place of issue uncertain ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 37, 

coarsely executed and coloured. On the 4 of coins is a woman 



16 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

riding on an elephant. The missing cards are: — the 3, 4, 6 and 10 
of cups ; the 3 and 6 of swords ; the ace, 2, 3, 5, 8, knave, queen 
and king of coins; the 2, 3, 7, 9, 10, and knave of clubs; and 
all the atutti except the last. This is assumed to be part of a 
Minchiate pack, the coin suitmarks having human heads, and the 
sword cards being decorated with figures of animals ; but the 
knights are men on horseback as in the tarocchi packs, instead 
of monsters with human bodies. Backs decorated with a figure of 
" Orfeo," uncoloured. 

4 x 2| in. 

61. Place of issue uncertain ; 18th century. Two cards from an 

ordinary pack, viz., the king of swords and No. YI of the atutti. 
Backs decorated with a formal pattern. 

4 x 2| in. 

62. Place of issue uncertain; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 57 y 

all unmounted, viz., the 4, 5, 7, 8 and 10 of cups; the 2-10 of 
swords ; the 5, 9, 10 and queen of coins ; the ace-10 of clubs ; and 
atutti, Nos. I-V, VII, VIII, XI-XIII, XV, XVI, XVIII-XX, 
XXII-XXIV, XXVI-XXX, XXXII-XXXIV, XXXVII, 
XXXVIII and Matto. With these are included eight old cards 
(a 2 and a 9 of swords, two aces of clubs, a No. XXIV. of atutti, 
and two knaves with French suitmarks), which appear to have 
been taken from the cover of a book. 

63. Place of issue uncertain; 19th century. Imperfect pack of 92, 

engraved on wood and coloured, with the five missing cards (the 
king of cups, the 3 of swords, the 10 of clubs and atutti Nos. VIII 
and XXXIV) supplied from other packs. All have a border 
formed of small dots. Backs decorated with a pattern of small 
flowers in blue. 

3f X 2i in. 



II.— PACKS OP 40 FOR OMBRE. 

An Ombre pack consists of ace-7, knave, knight, and king of the 
four suits — cups, swords, coins, and clubs. Ombre being a Spanish 
game, Italian Ombre packs are usually of the Spanish type, for a descrip- 
tion of which see p. 31. 

64. Bologna; A. Marisi, "alia Columba"; modern. Imperfect pack 
of 30, very rudely executed and much worn ; uncoloured. On 
the 5 of swords is " Angel o Marisi." The missing cards are : — the 



ITALIAN CARDS. 17 



king of cups ; the 2 and 6 of swords ; the ace, 2, 3, 6, and 7 of 
coins ; and the 2 and knight of clubs. Backs decorated with a 
floral pattern, and inscribed " Alia Columba." 
3f X 2* in. 

65. Bologna; G. Natali, "al Cigno"; modern. Imperfect pack of 39, 

The 4 of cups is inscribed " Germano Katali Fabbricatore in 
Bologna, al Cigno," and the ace of coins is a duty stamp " Asso 
di Denari, Baj. 5, R. C. A." The missing card is the 5 of cups. 
Backs decorated with a figure of a youth playing the guitar, and 
inscribed " Al Cigno." 
3| x 2 in. 

66. Bologna; "al Mondo" ; modern. Three cards, viz., the 2 and 3 

of cups and the 5 of clubs. Backs decorated with a coat-of-arms, 
Albergati (?) impaling Bentivoglio, and inscribed " Al Mondo." 
3| x 24 in. 

67. Bologna; "al Soldato"; modern. Complete pack of the common 

Italian type. The knave of clubs holds a shield inscribed 
" Bologna " ; the kings of clubs and swords also hold shields ; 
and the 4 of cups is inscribed " Carte Fine al Soldato." Backs 
decorated with the arms of Venieri of Venice (?), and inscribed 
" Al Soldato." 

44 x 14 in. 

68. Bologna; 1859. Complete pack; very rudely executed and 

coloured. On the 4 of cups is the word " Bologna," and on the 
ace of clubs the date 1859. The backs have a decoration in form 
of a vase with the word " Bologna," printed in red. 
3| x 2 in. 

69. Bologna ; 1859. Imperfect pack of 37, precisely similar to the 

last except that the decoration of the backs is slightly varied. 
The missing cards are the 3 of cups and the knave and 6 of clubs, 
the place of the last mentioned being taken by a second 5. 

70. Florence ; Adami, 1888. Complete pack. The ace of coins 

bears three duty stamps, one having the date "29 Apr. 88," with 
" Fabbrica Adami, Firenze." Backs marbled in blue. 
3£ x 24 in. 

71. Genoa; 1862. Imperfect pack of 39, wanting the knave of cups. 

The ace of coins is a double-headed eagle on which is the excise 
stamp of "21 Sett. 1862," with, below, " Yico S, Giovanni a 
Mare a Ginova." Backs decorated with a pattern of dots and 
crescents in blue. 

3} x 2 in. 



18 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

72. Naples; P. Muntuori, 1862. Complete pack. The 4 of coins 

bears the arms of Savoy and on the ace of the same is a duty- 
stamp of "24 Sett. 1862," with below " Pasquale Muntuori, 
Sopportico Tollacchio al Mercanti 7." Backs decorated with a 
view of the church of San Francesco di Paola, Kaples. 

3J x 2 in. 

73. Naples. Imperfect pack of 38, similar to the last, and with same 

decoration on the backs. On the 4 of cups is " All' Unione delle 
Fabbriche." The missing cards are the ace and 4 of coins. 

[This pack is said to have been found in a brigand's cave near 
Pozzuoli.] 

74. Naples. L. Pignalosa, 1884. Complete pack. The ace of coins 

is a double-headed eagle with two duty stamps of " 24 Mar. 84 " 
and the address "Luigi Pignalosa, Str. Mercanti al Cerriglio 
Napoli," and on the 4 of coins the arms of Savoy. Backs decorated 
with a double view of a building. 

2i x 2 in. 

75. Naples; "Fabbrica Fortuna," 19th century. Imperfect pack of 

39. The ace of coins is a double-headed eagle holding a coin on 
which is a figure of Fortune, with "Fabb ca . Fortuna" below. 
The missing card is the 4 of coins. Backs decorated with a 
figure of a lion couchant. 

3i X 2 in. 

76. Naples ; 1 9th century. Complete pack, similar to the last. The 

ace of coins is without the suitmark and the maker's name has been 
erased from it. Backs decorated with a figure of a lion passant. 

Si X 2 in. 

77. Naples. L. Yiolante ; modern. Complete pack, coarsely executed 

and uncoloured. On the 4 of coins is " Carte giocattole," and on 
that of cups "Lit. Violante S. Giov. Magg. 17 Napoli." Backs 
plain. 

If x 1& in. 

78. Rome ; 19th century. Complete pack, poorly executed. The 4 

of cups is inscribed "Roma, Deposito Via De Baullari Num°, 1," 
and the ace of coins is a duty stamp with the words "Asso 
di Danari C. 30, Carta Reservata " (1). Backs decorated with a 
well designed panel in black, and inscribed " Roma." 

31 X 2 in. • [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 61.] 

79. Urbino; 17th century. Complete pack, artistically engraved, 

with ornamental borders, the subjects treated in a fanciful manner. 



ITALIAN CARDS. 19 



The knights are riderless horses and the knaves soldiers. The 
arms of Albani are represented on all the coin suitmarks, also on 
the shield held by the knave of clubs. No inscriptions. Backs 
decorated with the arms of Albani and inscribed " Urbino." 

3f x 2 in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 63 and 64,] 

80. Urbino; 17th century. Complete pack, identical with the last in 

every respect except the arms on the back, which are Albani 
impaling Ondedei. 

[These cards were probably engraved for Orazio Albani, brother of 
Pope Clement XL, and his wife Bernardina Ondedei.] 

81. Venice. G. Facchina (f). Complete pack, of the ordinary Vene- 

tian type, rudely painted on thick plates of silver. The four aces 
bear Italian mottoes and the 4 of coins is inscribed " Alia bella 
Venezia Fabrica di Carte da Gioco di Giuseppe Facchina (?), al 
Ponte di San Lio, No. 6047 Venezia." The cards are enclosed 
in a silver case, the whole weighing 29 ounces troy. 

4 x 1| in. 

82. Venice. (?) F. Zavoli. Complete pack, of the Spanish type, rudely 

engraved on thin plates of brass. On the 5 of swords is the name 
of the maker " Franc co . Zauoli," and on the 2 of swords his sign 
"Al Ottonaro." The suit mark of the ace of coins is inscribed 
" Francesco Zauoli fecit Rex," and on the 4 of coins is a device 
of two interlaced triangles with the letters C. F. A. O. (probably 
Carte Fine al Ottonaro). Backs decorated with a flowing pattern 
and inscribed S. F. The cards are enclosed in a brass case which 
bears on each side the arms of the Nave family. 

3fx2 in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 62.] 

83. Viterbo. S. Moscatelli, 1885. Complete pack. The ace of coins 

bears two duty stamps of "24 Mar. 85," and is inscribed 
" Fabrica Perfezionata, Scipione Moscatelli, Viterbo." Backs 
decorated with a design of a youth holding papers, one of which is 
inscribed " Carte di Giuoco"; at bottom " S e . Moscatelli Viterbo." 
3£ x 2 in. 

84. Place of issue uncertain. P. de Santi ; " al Moro " ; modern. 

Complete pack, with French suitmarks. On the knaves of spades, 
diamonds and clubs are scrolls inscribed respectively, "Carte 
Fine," « Pietro de Santi," and "Del Moro." The knaves of 
hearts and clubs bear an excise mark. Backs decorated with a 
medallion of Julius Caesar, and inscribed " Al Moro." 

3f x 2i in. 

c 2 



20 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

85. Place of issue uncertain ; P. de Santi ; " al Moro." Complete 

pack, identical in all respects with the last, except the decoration 
of the backs, which is a figure of Aurora, with the words " Al 
Moro." 

86. Place of issue uncertain; "Alia Follia"; modern. Complete 

pack. The ace of coins, which is a medallion portrait, has a stamp 
with the words " Alia Follia," and the duty mark " Italia Libera 
186-." Backs decorated with a small pattern in blue. 

3| x 2 in. 

87. Place of issue uncertain. Complete pack, very coarsely exe- 

cuted. No inscriptions. Backs decorated with a figure of Harle- 
quin, in blue. 

3| x 2 in. 

88. Place of issue uncertain. Imperfect pack of 31, identical with 

the last in every respect except that the backs are decorated 
with a figure of Fortune. The missing cards are : — the knave, 
3 and 2 of cups ; the knave and 6 of swords ; the knave and 4 of 
coins ; and the king and knave of clubs. 

89. Place of issue uncertain. Complete double-ended pack, of the 

Venetian type, very coarsely executed and coloured. The aces 
of cups, swords and clubs bear Italian mottoes. On the ace of 
coins is the excise stamp " Regno dTtalia centesimi 30." Backs 
decorated with a blue panel. 

H X H in. 

90 Miniature cards, modern. Complete double-ended pack, with 
French suitmarks. No inscriptions. Backs decorated with a 
pattern of stars in brown. 

If x Ik in. 



III.— PACKS OF 52. 

These consist of aee-10, knave, knight, and king of each of the 
four suits, cups, swords, coins, and clubs. In some instances the French 
suitmarks hearts, spades, diamonds and clubs are used. 

91. Bologna ; " al Mondo." Complete pack of the Venetian type, 
with Italian mottoes on the aces. On the 2 of swords is " Carte 
fine al Mondo." Backs decorated with a figure of a man carrying 
poultry on a pole, with " al Mondo " below 

4 x 2| in. 



ITALIAN CARDS. 21 



92. Genoa ; Armanino, 1888. Complete double-ended pack, of the 

Venetian type, with Italian mottoes on the aces. The ace of 
coins is inscribed " Fabrica di Carte da Giuoco, Fratelli Armanino 
Genova," and bears the excise stamps of 1888. Backs marbled. 
With original wrapper. 

3£ x 1} in. 

93. Lucca ; Y. G. Imperfect pack of 34, of the French type, and with 

French suitmarks ; rudely executed and coloured. The badge 
held by the knave of dubs is inscribed " Y. G. Lucca." The 
missing cards are : — the 2, 8, 9, 10 and knave of hearts; the ace, 
5, 8, 9, 10 and queen of spades ; the ace, 9, 10 and queen of 
diamonds ; and the 2, 6 and 8 of clubs. Backs decorated with 
a pattern of small blue stars. 

31 x 2J in. 

94. Milan. Perego e Spin — (?) ; modern. Miniature double-ended 

pack complete (with a duplicate 2 of clubs), of the Venetian type, 
with Italian mottoes on the aces. The ace of coins is inscribed 
" Perego e Spin — Editori, Milano." Backs decorated with a pattern 
of stars in orange colour. 



95. Padua. D. Compostella e L. Pinzon ; 19th century. Complete 

double-ended pack, with artistic versions of the old types, well 
executed and printed in colour. The coin suitmarks are charged 
with classical heads. The aces retain the Italian mottoes of the 
popular Yenetian packs ; that of coins bears the name of the en- 
graver " G. Seiffert fe," and that of swords the initials of the 
makers. The king of clubs has the Austrian excise stamp with 
"Fabb. di D°. Compostella e L°. Pinzon, Padova, Yia Patriarcato 
No. 837." Backs decorated with a view of the famous Casino 
Pedrocchi at Padua, for which the cards are said to have been 
designed by the painter Gazzotto, 

4 x li in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 91.] 

96. Padua ; " al Aquila Coronata." Complete pack, of the Yenetian 

type, with Italian mottoes on the aces ; very roughly executed, 
On the 2 of swords is "Al Aquila Coronata in Padoa pr 
Yenezia." Backs decorated with a panel of stars and fleurs-de-lis 
in blue. 

4 x 2 in. 

97. Turin. Yergnano; 19th century. Imperfect pack of 39, with 

French suitmarks. The court cards are full-length figures of 
modern design, and all bear the name Yergnano; also the 
Sardinian excise stamp. The knave of spades stands by a 



22 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

pedestal inscribed " Fabrica di Carte e Tarocchi. Yergnano con- 
trada di dora grossa Porta No. 9 Torino." The missing cards 
are the 2, 3 and 6 of hearts ; the 2-5 of spades ; the 2 and 3 of 
diamonds ; and the ace, 6, 9 and 10 of clubs. Backs plain yellow. 

3| X 2 in. 

98. Venice. G-. B. Codognato. Imperfect pack of 48, of the Vene- 

tian type, with Italian mottoes on all the aces ; very coarsely 
executed. On the 2 of swords is " Fabrica di Gio. Batta Codog- 
nato, S. Lio, Venezia." The missing cards are the 6 of cups ; the 
5, 9 and 10 of swords ; and the 4 and 7 of coins. 

4 x 2i in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 46.] 

99. Venice ; A. Moro, 1847. Complete pack of the Venetian type, 

with mottoes on the aces. The court cards double-ended. On 
the 2 of swords is " Antonio Moro Venezia," and on the king of 
clubs " Venezia Cap. Antonio Moro," with the duty stamp of 
1847. Backs decorated with a double design of a winged 
figure holding a banderole inscribed " Casino de Buoni Amici." 

3| x li in. 

100. Verona. C. Finetto, 19th century. Imperfect double-ended 

pack of 29, of the Venetian type, with mottoes on the aces. On 
the king of clubs is " Carlo Finetto in Chiavica 1687 Verona," 
with the Austrian excise stamp. The Austrian arms also appear 
on the 4 of coins. The missing cards are the 2-5, 7, 9, 10 and 
knave of cups ; ace, 2, 5 and 9-king of swords ; 3, 9, knave 
and knight of coins ; and 9, 10 and knight of clubs. Backs 
decorated with a panel containing two snakes entwined, in blue. 

4 x 2 in. 

101. Vicenza. C. Salvotti, 19th century. Imperfect double-ended 

pack of 51, of the Venetian type, with mottoes on the aces. On 
the 2 of swords is "F. di Cae. Salvotti in C. Pescarie Vecchie al 
No. 2137 Vicenza," and the same appears, with the Austrian 
excise stamp, on the king of clubs. The Austrian arms are 
found on the 4 of coins. The missing card is the 2 of coins. 
Backs marbled. 

4 x 2 in. 

102. Place of issue uncertain. C. Liparachi. Complete double- 

ended pack, of the Venetian type, with mottoes on the aces; 
coarsely executed. On the king of clubs is the not very in- 
telligible inscription " Cat. Liparachi F. S. Severo, N. 425," with, 
in the centre, " Carte per FEstero." Backs decorated with a 
blue panel. 

4 x li in. [& Vol. Ill, pi. 61.] 



ITALIAN CABDS. 23 



103. Place of issue uncertain. Resehi. Imperfect pack of 51, 

of the Venetian type, but without the mottoes. The knight of 
coins is inscribed " Reschi incise," and on the king of clubs is 
an excise stamp which has been rendered illegible. The missing 
card is the 6 of clubs. Backs decorated with a blue panel, 
the design of which varies, showing that the set has been made 
up from several packs. 
3f x If in. 

104. Place of issue uncertain ; modern. Imperfect pack of 49, of 

the Venetian type, but without mottoes on the aces ; coarsely 
executed. No inscriptions or numbers. The missing cards are 
the 4 and 8 of coins and the 3 of clubs. Backs decorated with 
an ornamental panel in black. 
3f x If in. 



105. Geography. G. B. Albrizzi, Venice, c. 1770. "II Giuoco 

Geografico, in cui si contengono tutti i Paesi, Regni, Provincie, 
Repubbliche, Citta, ... del Mondo scoperto," etc. " Si vendono 
in Venezia da Giambattista Albrizzi a S. Benedetto al prezzo di 
lire tre." Complete pack, with 8 preliminary cards containing the 
title, rules of the game, and a " Ristretto Istorico." Each suit 
gives the divisions of one of the continents, and the suits are 
indicated by miniature representations of the usual Italian cards 
in the upper right corners. The pieces are numbered 1-52. 
In this pack the words " al prezzo di lire tre " have been erased 
from the title card. Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern of 
black stars. 

3f x 2i in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 87.] 

106. Geography. G. B. Albrizzi, Venice. " II Giuoco Geografico." 

A later issue of the preceding pack. The 8 preliminary cards 
are numbered I- VIII. 

107. Geography; c. 1670. Imperfect pack of 50, with French suit- 

marks, similar in all respects to No. 123 of the French packs, 
except that the direction of the heads is reversed and knights 
take the place of queens. The missing cards are the knave and 
knight of hearts. Uncoloured. Backs plain. 

3£ x If in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 80.] 

108. Geography. Imperfect paek of 31, being a later and corrected 

edition of the preceding. The missing cards are the ace, 2, 5, 9, 
10 and knight of hearts ; the 2, 3, 6, 8, knight and king of 
spades; the ace, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 and king of diamonds; and the 5 
and knave of clubs. Backs decorated with a conventional pattern 
in black. 

3| x 2% in. 



24 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

109. Chronology of the Popes. G. B. Albrizzi, Venice, c. 1770. 

" II Giuoco Cronologico Storieo, in cui si contengono le geste 
principali dei Romani Pontefici. ... si vende in Venezia da 
Giambattista Albrizzi al prezzo di lire tre." Companion pack to 
No. 105, complete, with 6 preliminary cards containing the title 
and rules of the game. The account of the Popes commences on 
the first card with St. Peter, and ends on the last with the elec- 
tion of Clement XIV in 17C9. The cards are numbered through- 
out 1-52, the order of the suits being cups, coins, clubs, swords. 
Backs decorated with a check pattern in black and white. In 
original pasteboard case lettered " Giuoco Cronologico per uso de 
Giovanetti Studenti." 

3J X 21 in. 

110. Brian ville's Heraldry; c. 1680. Complete pack, with French 

suitmarks, showing the armorial bearings of the various European 
states. An Italian edition of the cards first issued by Oronce 
Fine, called De Brianville, at Lyons in 1659. [See French 
Packs, Nos. 129-135]. The papal arms are those of Innocent XI 
(Odeschalchi) 1676-1689. All the cards bear numbers beside 
the suitmark, ranging from 1 to 355, which presumably refer to 
the pages of the volume in which they were originally published. 
Backs plain. In cloth-covered case. 

3f x 2i in. 

111. Brianville's Heraldry; 1681. Same pack as the last, in the 

form of a book with text and following title : — " Giuoco d'arme 
dei Sovrani e de gli Stati d'Europa . . . di C. Oronce Fine, 
detto di Brianville ; tradotto dal Francese in Italiano da 
Bernardo Giustiniani," Napoli, 1681. Instead of the numbers, 
near the suitmark others, corresponding to the pages of the book 
are inserted in the upper right corners. 

112. Brianville's Heraldry; c. 1695. Same pack; a later edition, 

the papal arms being those of Innocent XII (Pignatelli), 
1691-1700. Backs plain. In pasteboard case lettered "Carte 
da Tre Sette." 

113. Venetian Heraldry; 1707. "Preggi della Nobilita Veneta 

abbozzati in un giuoco d'Armi di tutte le Famiglie. Di D. 
Casimiro Fresehot," 1707. A duodecimo volume giving historical 
accounts of the noble families of Venice, illustrated with 52 plates 
of armorial bearings in the form of playing cards, the suitmarks 
of which are violets, roses, lilies and tulips. Of the first edition 
of this work, which appeared in 1682, a copy is in the King's 
Library, British Museum. This, the second edition, extends to 
448 pages, with a supplement consisting of 31 pages of text and 



ITALIAN CARDS. 25 



six plates of arms of the new families ennobled between 1682 and 
1707 ; also 12 engravings of Venetian costume, and finally, one 
plate of yet newer families created between 1707 and 1719. 
[The device on page 136 was done from a marble slab at one time 
fixed into a wall of the Doge's palace, and supposed by the author 
to be a symbol of the Republic. It was, in fact, a memorial of 
Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, who died at Venice in 1399, 
and probably came from his tomb in St. Mark's. Another 
engraving of it, on a separate card, accompanies this copy of the 
work.] 

4x2| in. [S. Vol. HI, pi. 69-73.] 

114. Astronomy; early 19th century. Pack of 64, entirely type- 
printed. On each card are 27 lines of elementary questions and 
answers on astronomy and cognate subjects, the value and suit 
being stated in words in a compartment in the upper left corner, 
which is coloured red, yellow, blue or green, according to the suit. 
Edges gilt. Backs marbled. In original leather-covered case. 

3f X 2 in. 



IV.— PACK OP 48. 

Similar to those of 52 with the 4 tens suppressed as in Spanish packs. 

115. Bologna; "al Soldato"; 18th century. Complete pack of the 
ordinary type. On the 4 of coins are the arms of Mirandola, and 
the ace of clubs has a scroll inscribed "Al Soldato." Backs 
decorated with a figure of a crouching man holding a bag, the 
sun shining above, and inscribed " Al Soldato." 

3| x 11 in. 



V.— PACKS OP 36. 

Similar to those of 52, but with the 3-6 of all the four suits suppressed. 

116. Place of issue uncertain, 1808. Imperfect pack of 33, of the 

ordinary type but of large size ; coarsely executed and coloured. 
All the pip cards bear Roman numerals. One of the suitmarks of 
the 2 of swords is inscribed "AN. 1608" (the second figure 
altered). The missing cards are the 8 and 9 of coins and the 
10 of clubs. Backs decorated with a check pattern in black and 
white. 

5i x 21 in. 

117. Place of issue uncertain. Imperfect pack of 29, similar in size 

and character to the last, but older ; coloured with stencils. 



26 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

On the ace of cups is a large spread eagle. The missing cards 
are the knight of cups ; the 2 and king of swords ; the 8, knight 
and king of coins ; and the 9 of clubs. Backs decorated with 
a formal diagonal pattern in black and white. 

5| x 2f in. 

VI.— PACK OP 32. 

118. Place of issue uncertain. A peculiarly composed, but appa- 
rently complete, pack, consisting of the ace, knight, queen and 
king of the suits cups and coins, and the ace-9 with same court 
cards of swords and clubs. The subjects are somewhat fancifully 
treated, the swords being modern sabres and the clubs plain 
cudgels. On all the aces the suitmark is held by a dragon. 
Without inscriptions and uncoloured. 
3 x If in. 



VIL— COMPOSITE CARDS. 

119. Place of issue uncertain. " A. S. Marco." Pack of 30, of the 

ordinary type, of which 12 are whole cards and the remaining 
18 composite; that is, each is formed of the halves of two 
different cards which have been divided diagonally, none being 
repeated. The 4 of coins bears the arms of Mirandola. Backs 
decorated with a view of a castle seen through an archway, and 
inscribed " A. S. Marco." 
3f x If in. 

120. Place of issue uncertain. " A. S. Marco." Pack of 30, similar 

to the preceding in all except the decoration of the backs, which 
is a fountain with a female figure on a dolphin. 



VIII.— FRAGMENTARY PACKS AND ODD CARDS. 

121. Bologna ; " al Soldato." Two cards ; the ace of cups and the 

knight of clubs. Backs decorated with the arms of Guidotti (?) 
supported by an amorino, and inscribed " Al Soldato." 
41 x 2 in. 

122. Bologna; "al Soldato." Two cards; the knave and king of 

clubs. The former holds a shield inscribed " Libertas," and 
the latter a shield charged with a figure of a mounted knight. 
Backs decorated with a design of Hercules killing the hydra, and 
inscribed " Al Soldato." 

4| x If in. 



ITALIAN CARDS. 27 



123. Trieste. G. B. Marcovicii, 1855. Eighteen cards, all of the 

common Venetian type, with mottoes on the aces, but belonging 
to four different packs, as appears by the decoration of the backs. 
Court cards double-ended and bearing their titles. On an ace of 
coins is " Giovanni Battista Marcovicii, Trieste, 1855." Four- 
teen have on the backs a design of two men and a lobster on the 
sea-shore, in blue. 
4 x 2 in. 

124. Trieste ; " La Fiducia " ; modern. Fourteen cards from a pack 

of the common Venetian type, with mottoes on the aces. Court 
cards double-ended and bearing their titles. On the 2 of clubs 
is a view of a harbour, with a large column, and the ace of coins 
is inscribed " Nuova Fabbrica La Fiducia in Trieste." Backs 
decorated with a group of three women on the Corso, and in- 
scribed " Violette d'Ogni Mese." 
3f x 2 in. 

125. Turin. Oletti ; modern. An ace of coins, which has the Italian 

excise stamp in the centre, and along the left margin " Oletti 
Torino." Back decorated with a pattern of ermine spots in blue. 
4| x 2± in. 

126. Venice. Eight cards belonging to various packs, all bearing on 

their backs the names of Venetian coffee-houses for which they 
were made. They are : — a 9 of cups, " Costante al Giardinetto ; " 
a knight of cups, "Caffe L'Aurora"; a knight of cups, " Caffe 
Vicentini " ; a king of cups, " Caffe Martini" ; a king of swords, 
" Caffe Commercio " ; a 3 and a 5 of clubs, " Nuova Societa 
Appolinea Venezia " ; and a 9 of clubs, " Caffe alle JNTazione." 

127. Viterbo. A 7 of coins. Back decorated with figure of a trouba- 

dour holding bottle and glass, and inscribed " Viterbo." 
3J x U in. 

128. Place of issue uncertain. A knave of cups. Back decorated 

with a pattern of stars, in blue. 

3| x 2\ in. 

129. Place of issue uncertain. A knave of cups ; coarsely executed 

and coloured. The figure moves to the right, carrying a large 
cup. Back decorated with a diagonal pattern, in red. 
41 x 2£ in. 

130. A knight of cups ; coarsely executed and coloured. The figure 

rides to the right, holding a cup. Back decorated with a small 
geometrical pattern, in black. 
3£ x l}in. 



28 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 



IX.— PACKS WITHOUT SUITS. 

(a.) For the game of Cucu. 

A Cucu pack consists of a double series of 19 cards (38 in all) of 
which 15 are numbered with large Roman figures, and the other 4 have 
the titles "Nulla*" " Mascherone," " Secchia," and " Matto." No. XV 
is " Cucu," a bird with a human head. This game is the original of 
the German " Vogelspiel," the Swedish " Cam bio," and the Danish 
" Gniao." 

[For a description of the rules see Merlin, p. 131.] 

131. Bologna. A. Dallacasa, " all' Aquila." Complete pack, with the 

printed title-card " Nvovo e diletevole Givoco del Chvchv o 
Givocco del Matto. In Bologna all Insegna dell' Aqvila." No. 1 
has a label inscribed "Angelo Dallacasa all' Aquila." Backs 
decorated with a draped standing figure, and inscribed "A1P 
Aquila." 

3| x 2 in. 

132. Bologna ; " Al Cigno." Complete pack, similar to the last, with 

title-card " Nuouo diletevole Giuoco del Cucu o Giuoco del Matto. 
In Bologna all' Insegna del Cigno." Backs decorated with a 
landscape, and inscribed " Al Cigno." 

3f X 2 in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 88 and 91.] 

133. Bologna ; " Al Cigno." Similar pack, wanting the printed title- 

card. Backs decorated with a figure of Harlequin, and inscribed 
" Al Cigno." 

3| x 2 in. 

134. Bologna; "Al Cigno." Similar pack, imperfect, wanting the 

title and sixteen of the cards. Backs decorated with a floral 
pattern and inscribed " Al Cigno." 

3f x 2 in. 

135. Milan. A. de Maria. Similar pack, imperfect, wanting one 

" Secchia ; " with title-card (in duplicate) : — " Diletevole Givoco 
del Chvchv Fabbriea di Antonio de Maria in Milano." Backs 
decorated with a fanciful pattern in blue, and inscribed " F. di 
Milano." 

3| X 2J in. 



ITALIAN CARDS. 29 



(b.) Fanciful. 

136. Mitelli's " Giuoco del Passa Tempo," 1690. A set of 40 

cards, with emblematical figures symbolising the Virtues, Yices, 
Temperaments, etc., designed and etched by G. M. Mitelli. 
Nos. 1-20 are " triomfi " and Nos. 21-40 " cartaccie " ; No. 20 
contains the rules of the game, with the artist's name and the 
date, and No. 40 ("II Tempo Passa") is inscribed "Gioco del 
Passa Tempo. Giuseppe M. Mitelli I. e F." Uncoloured. Backs 
plain. In old pasteboard case. (See Italian Sheets, No. 4.) 
5| x 2i in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 31-34.] 

137. Mitelli's " Giuoco del Passa Tempo." Another pack of the 

same cards ; coloured. 

138. Virtues and Vices; c. 1700. Pack of 50, drawn and etched 

somewhat in the manner of Mitelli ; composed of 42 emblematical 
figures of the Virtues, Vices and Indifferent Qualities, and 8 
trionfi. Each has its name and number above, and some have 
also a statement of their value below. Two of the cards are 
taken from another pack. Uncoloured. Backs plain. In old 
leather-covered case. (See Italian Sheets, No. 5.) 

3£ x 2f in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 29, 30.] 

139. Diagonal. [Venice, c. 1700.] A series of 60 engraved cards, 

24 of which are full length single figures of men, women, animals, 
etc., and the remainder halves of these joined diagonally in 
various combinations. Uncoloured and without inscriptions. 
Backs plain 

4 x 2| in. 

140. Social Subjects. [Venice, c. 1790.] A series of 42 engraved 

and coloured cards, tied up with pink ribbons in seven packets of 
six each. On every card is either a single figure or a group 
of persons walking or conversing, with dice-marks below. Backs 
plain green. 

3* x 1} in. 

141. Domino Cards. Pack of 118, for use as dominoes, the numbers 

expressed by the French suitmarks, hearts, spades, diamonds and 
clubs. Backs decorated with a flower pattern. 
21 x li in. 

142. Domino Cards. Pack of 21, for use as dominoes; the numbers 

expressed by forget-me-nots. Backs plain red. In original 
pasteboard case. 

3i x If in. 



30 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

(c.) Instructive. 

143. Old Testament History; by A. Yisentini, 1748. Complete 

pack of 52, giving the history of the Bible from the creation to 
the birth of Christ, in a series of spiritedly executed engravings, 
which have Latin and Italian inscriptions above and below. The 
pack is in four divisions which are printed in as many different 
colours and have also distinguishing marks, circles, diamonds, 
hearts and vases, which enclose appropriate emblems. On the 
47th card the castle on the elephant's back is inscribed " F.Z.I. 
1748. Afisentini Sculp." Backs marbled. Edges gilt. In 
original leather case. (See Italian Sheets, No. 6.) 

4 x 2| in. [S. Yol. Ill, pi. 65-68.] 

144. Old Testament History. 47 of a pack of 48, on each of which 

is a small circular woodcut medallion containing a head or figure 
of some biblical character, with a letterpress account of himj The 
cards are numbered throughout I-XLYIII, the missing one being 
No. XLIII. The pack is accompanied by a title-card belonging 
to another pack : — " Giuoco di Carte Storiche contenente un 
compendio dell' Istoria Romana. . . . Yenezia, per F. Andreola." 
Backs plain. 

4J X 2f in. 

145. New Testament History. Pack of 48, each containing a small 

oval woodcut medallion illustrating an incident in the New 
Testament, with accompanying text. In pasteboard case, which 
bears the title "Giuoco di Carte Storiche continente in 
compendio la Storia del Nuovo Testamento," etc. P. & G. 
Vallardi, Milan. 
41 x 2f in. 

146. New Testament History. Pack of 48, on each of which is a 

coarse woodcut illustrating an incident in the life of Christ, with 
accompanying text. In pasteboard case which bears the title 
" Compendio della Storia del Nuovo Testamento . . . Milano, di 
G. Pirotta, 1815." 
4J X 21 in. 

147. Grecian History. Pack of 48, on each of which is a woodcut 

medallion head of some character in Grecian history, with a 
letterpress account of him. Printed rules of the game accompany 
the pack. In pasteboard case bearing the title " Giuoco di Carte 
Storiche continente un Compendio dell' Istoria Greca . . . Milano, 
P. & G. Vallardi." 
4* x 2f in. 



SPANISH CABDS. 31 

148. Roman History. Companion pack to the last, illustrating 

characters in Roman History. Five cards, Nos. 1, 4, 5, 6 and 24, 
are missing. In pasteboard case, of which the upper half with 
the title has been lost. 

149. Ancient History. 35 of a pack of 40, engraved somewhat in the 

manner of Delia Bella. Each has a vignette of a subject in 
ancient history, with Italian description below. The pack is 
numbered I-XXXX with Roman numerals on ribbons. The 
missing cards are Nos. VI, XI, XII, XXXVI and XXXVIII. 
The last six are printed in red ink. Backs decorated with a 
figure of History seated amidst ruins and inscribed "Testis 
Temporum." 

3| X 2f in. 

150. Geography. Pack of 47, giving printed accounts of the various 

countries of the world, with woodcut medallions of the costumes. 
The pack is accompanied by a list of the countries and a folding 
engraved map. In original pasteboard case which bears the title 
" Giuoco di Carte Geografiche, adornato di Figure, . . . Milano, 
P. & G. Vallardi, 1826." 

41 X 2f in. 

151. Proverbs. Pack of 36 vellum cards, each containing six MS. 

Italian proverbs or aphorisms. In pasteboard case. 

3| x 2f in. 

152. Costumes. Six of a set of well-executed sixteenth century 

woodcuts of ancient military costumes. They bear the titles 
"Alfieri," " Frombolatore," "Huomo d'Arme," " Soldato Privi- 
legiato," and " Armato Antico." 

4| x 2| in. 



SPANISH. 

Spanish cards have the Italian suits, cups, swords, coins and clubs 
(termed copas, espadas, oros and bastos), but in the form and arrangement 
of the suitmarks and the designs of the court cards they differ greatly 
from Italian cards. The espadas are short straight swords, placed apart 
from one another, either vertically or horizontally, the ace being usually 
a sword with belt supported by a boy ; and the bastos are knotted cudgels. 
The ace of oros bears the arms of Spain, and the central coin in the 5 of 
that suit is sometimes a medal with two royal heads facing one another, 
derived probably from the coins of Ferdinand and Isabella. The court 



32 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

cards are king, knight and knave, and the kings stand erect, instead of 
being seated as in the Italian cards. As the tarocchi game has never 
been played in Spain, tarots are not found in Spanish packs, which usually 
consist of 48 numeral cards, i.e., 12 of each suit, the tens being suppressed. 
In Ombre packs the eights and nines are also suppressed, the total being 
thus reduced to 40. In modern packs the suits are numbered through 
1-12. A peculiarity fco be observed in Spanish cards is that the suits of 
cups, swords and clubs have respectively one, two, and three gaps or 
intervals in the upper and lower marginal lines of every card. 



I.— PACKS OF 40 FOR OMBRE. 

1. Barcelona. A. Llombart, 1815. Complete pack. All the coins 

have on the suitmarks the arms of Aragon, except the ace, which 
has those of Leon and Castile, and is inscribed "F ca . D* Anton 
Llombart Barce 11 *, 1815." Backs decorated with pattern of small 
stars and dots, in red. 

3| y 2i in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 99.] 

[For another pack published by Llombart, 1822, see Spanish 
Sheets, No. 1.] 

2. Barcelona. Torras and San Martino, 1829. Imperfect pack of 25. 

The ace of coins has a laurel-crowned head, and is inscribed " Por 
Torras y S n . Marti Barcelona," and the 4 of cups bears a device 
of a horse between two towers, with the words "De una Oja" 
above, and a scroll below inscribed " Por Torras y S n . Marti 
Bar na ., 1829." The missing cards are the ace, 3, 6, knave and 
king of cups ; the 3-5 of swords ; the 5, 6 and knave of coins ; and 
the 2, 3, 5 and knave of clubs. Backs decorated with a small 
pattern, in blue. 

3£ X 2| in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 98.] 

3. Igualada. Garcia and Boyer ; modern. Complete pack. On the 

ace of coins is a lion with a globe and " Fabrica de Ygualada," 
and the 4 of cups has a vignette introducing the same lion, with 
the inscriptions " De una hoja," " F ca . de Garcia y Boyer,' Ygualada." 
Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern, in red and black. 

3| x 2| in. 

4. Leipsic; modern. Complete pack, made in Germany for use in 

Mexico. The ace of coins has the device of an eagle devouring a 
snake, and is inscribed "Hechos en Leipsique." Backs decorated 
with a pattern of stars and dots, in brown. 

3£ X 2i in. 



SPANISH CABDS. 33 



5. Madrid. J. Humanes, 1879. Complete pack. On the ace of coins 

is " Fabrica de Madrid, 1879," and on the 4 of the same suit, 
"J. Humanes y O." Backs decorated with a small pattern in 
blue. 

3| x 2J in. 

6. Madrid. P. Maldonado ; modern. " Fueva Baraja Taurina." 

Complete pack (unused), fancifully treated, all the court cards and 
suitmarks being portraits of favourite bull-fighters. On the 4 of 
each suit is a bull-fighting incident. Backs decorated with a 
pattern of cross lines, in blue. With original wrapper. 

3| x 2| in. 

7. Madrid. F. Ocejo; early 19th century. Complete pack, engraved 

by J. Fonseca from designs by J. Ruiz. The figures on the court 
cards are in fancy costumes, those of cups and coins being Spanish, 
those of swords antique, and those of clubs oriental. On the 4 of 
each suit, and also on the ace of coins, is a vignette of an historical 
or other subject. The 2 of coins is inscribed "F ca . de D.Felipe 
Ocejo," and the 4 of clubs bears the artists' names, " J. Ruiz inb°. 
J. Altarriba del . J. Fonseca las g°." Uncoloured. Backs decorated 
with a neat formal pattern, in green. 

3f x 2| in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 105 and 106.] 

8. Mele and Genoa. P. Buscaglia; modern. Imperfect pack of 37, 

made in Italy for the Spanish market. On the ace of coins are 
the arms of Leon and Castile, with " P. Buscaglia, Mele e Genova " 
and Italian duty stamps "per l'Estero." The missing cards are 
the 3 and 4 of cups and the 3 of clubs. Backs decorated with a 
pattern of dots, in black. 

3| x 2i in. [S. Yol. Ill, pi. 100.] 

9. Paris. B. P. Grimaud ; modern. Complete pack (unused), made in 

France for the Algerian market ; with original wrapper, which is 
inscribed "40 Naypes Refinos," and has a vignette of an Arab 
horseman galloping with drawn sword. On each of the four aces 
is "B. P. Grimaud, Paris." Backs decorated with a small pattern, 
in pink. 

3* x 21 in. 

10. Place of issue uncertain; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 

39. On the ace of coins are the arms of Spain displayed 
on the Austrian eagle, and on the 2 of coins one of the suit- 
marks contains the arms of Leon and Castile, the other those 
of Aragon. The 4 of coins has an armorial shield (or, a cross 

D 



34 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

gules), and the central suitmark of the 5 has the two royal 
heads, with a blundered inscription :— " GROSSYSV. NONVS. 
INPERXTOPIS RDMANORVM 1577." Backs decorated 
with a pattern of lozenges enclosing suns. 

3± x 21 in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 98.] 

11. Place of issue uncertain ; modern. " Baraja Mistica." Complete 

pack (unused), with designs satirising the Spanish clergy. The 
ace of cups is inscribed " Baraja Mistica. Precio 2 Pesetas," and 
the wrapper " Baraja Mistica. Venta en todas las Librerias." 
Backs decorated with a small blue pattern formed of mitres and 
birettas. 

3| x 2\ in. 

12. Place of issue uncertain ; modern. Imperfect pack of 37, 

apparently made in Italy ; very coarsely executed and coloured. 
The 2 of swords is inscribed "con licencio del Rey." Backs 
decorated with a figure of " La Fortuna," the paper which forms 
them being folded over to the front to form a border in the 
Italian fashion. 

3| x 11 in. 



II.— PACKS OF 48. 

13. Barcelona. S. Comas; modern. Complete pack. On the 4 of 

cups is the device of a stag between two trees, with a shining sun, 
the motto " De una hoja" above, and "Sebastian Comas Barna" 
below. The ace of coins is a trophy with a medallion portrait. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of dots, in black. 

3f x 2\ in. 

14. Barcelona. Demacia ; 19th century. Complete pack. On the 

ace of coins are the arms of Spain, which rest on a pedestal 
inscribed "F a . Demacia Barcelona," and the 4 has a device of a 
caduceus and anchor. The coin suitmarks have profile heads. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of stars, in blue. 

3| x 2\ in. 

15. Barcelona. Sarbat and Sole, 1847. Imperfect pack of 42. On 

the 4 of cups is the device of the stag and sun, with " De una 
hoja" above, and "Por Sarbat y Sole Barna 1847" below. The 
missing cards are the king of cups, the 5 and knave of swords, and 
the ace, 5 and knight of clubs ; there is a duplicate knight of cups. 
Backs mottled red. 

3J x 2£ in. 



SPANISH CARDS. 35 



16. Bayonne. M. V. ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 33, closely 

resembling that issued by Jean Yolay (see No. 56 below). On 
the ace of coins are the arms of Spain with inscription, " Hispanise 
Rex Carolus Dei Gratia," referring to Charles II, who died in 
1700, and the letters M. V., the initials of the maker, possibly 
a member of the Volay family. On the 4 of coins is a double 
triangle, with an armorial shield (gules, a cross argent), and the 
central suitmark of the 5 has the two royal heads. The letters 
M. V. appear also on the knave and 4 of cups and the knave of 
clubs. The 2 of swords is inscribed "feehasen Baionne. ,, The 
missing cards are the 3, 7 and 8 of cups ; the 4, 5, 6, knight and 
king of spades ; the 2, 3 and 6 of coins ; and the 4, 6, 8 and 9 of 
clubs. Backs plain. 

3| x 2f in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 94.] 

17. Bordeaux. Imperfect pack of 46, made in France for the Spanish 

market. It is similar in character to the preceding, the 4 and 5 
of coins having the same features ; on the 2 of coins are the arms 
of Leon and Castile, and also those of Aragon, and the 2 of 
swords is inscribed " fechas en Bordeaux." The missing cards are 
the aces of coins and clubs. Backs plain. 

3f x 2| in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 95.] 

18. Burdoes [? Bordeaux]. Louis, 1828. Imperfect pack of 44, made 

in France for the Spanish market. The ace of coins is inscribed 
" F *. de Naypes ano de 1828. De la Fabrica de Louis en Burdoes." 
The 4 of cups bears as a device an eclipse of the sun, and the 4 of 
coins a figure of a marine unicorn. The missing cards are the 7 
of cups, the 7 of swords, the knave of coins and the 3 of clubs. 
Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern, in blue. 

3£ x 2| in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 99.] 

19. Cadiz. I. B. David, 1864. Imperfect pack of 46. On the 2 of 

cups is " Naipes de Unahoja, Primer Florete," and on the 4 of cups 
" David, Cadiz," and on the 5 of clubs is " Ano de 1864." The 
ace of coins has the arms of Spain, and the 4 of coins bears the 
name " I. B. David." The missing cards are the 4 and 5 of swords. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of diagonal lines, in red. 

3| x 2f in. 

20. Cadiz. M. H. Maffeis ; modern. Complete pack. On the ace of 

coins is a lion with the words " De Fabrica," on the 2 of coins 
"Premio al Merito," on the 4 of coins "F ca . de Naipes Finos del 
Leon de M. H. Maffeis, Cadiz," and on the 4 of cups " Leon pre- 
miado en Filadelfia." Eight other cards bear various inscriptions. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of diagonal lines, in purple. 

3| x 2| in. 

D 2 



36 CATALOGUE OF CARD IS. 

21. Cadiz. Olea Brothers, 1860. Complete pack (unused), with original 

wrapper. The ace of coins bears the arms of Spain; the 4 of 
coins is inscribed " Fabrica de Barajas unica con Premios. De 
Olea H 8 ' Calle la Aduana Yieja junto al Consulado N. 3. Cadiz," 
and the 4 of cups " Per Olea H> Cadiz." On the 5 of clubs is " Ano 
de 1860." Backs decorated with a pattern of diagonal lines, in 
blue. 

3| x 2f in. 

22. Genoa. P. Bosio ; 18th century. Complete pack, made in Italy for 

the Spanish market. The ace of coins has the arms of Spain, with 
cartouches inscribed " P°- Bosio. Sstanovero in Gnenov " ; on the 2 
is " Naipes Finos," and on the 4 a double triangle with the initials 
P. B. Backs decorated with a pattern of ermine spots, in black. 

3| x 2| in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 99.] 

23. Machara Vieja. P. Solesio, 1801. Imperfect pack of 46. The 

ace of coins has the arms of Spain, with two scrolls inscribed 
" Naipes Finisimos de la R. Fabrica de Machara Viaja por D. 
Felix Solesio " ; on the 4 of coins is " Real Fabrica de Machara 
Vieya 1801 " ; and on the 2 of cups " Para las Yndias " (showing 
that the pack was intended for Spain's West Indian colonies). 
The missing cards are the 8 and 9 of swords. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of stars, in blue. 

3| X 21 in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 99.] 

24. Madrid. J. de Brugada, 1821. Complete pack (unused), with 

the original wrapper. The ace of coins is inscribed " Real Fabrica 
de Madrid. Por Don Ivan de Brugada de 1821 " ; and the 4 of 
cups " Naypes Refinos." On the wrapper are the arms of Spain 
with " Nay pes Finisimos fabricados para la diversion de Sus 
Macesdadis y Real Famills. Real Fabrica de Madrid. Por Don 
Ivan de Brugada e hijo ano de 1821." Backs decorated with a 
pattern of stars, in blue. 

3| x 2i in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 98.] 

25. Madrid. J. Martinez de Castro, 1810. Complete engraved pack, in 

which the usual types are prettily and artistically treated. The 4 of 
each suit has a fanciful vignette in the centre. The ace of coins is 
a trophy of military and commercial emblems, with a medallion in 
which are two female figures typifying commerce and navigation, 
and a tablet inscribed " Grabada en Madrid por D. Jose Martinez 
de Castro ano de 1810." The suits are printed in inks of four 
. different colours. Backs decorated with a small pattern, in blue. 

3f x 2i in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 107-110.] 



SPANISH CARDS. 37 



26. Madrid. J. Martinez de Castro, 1810. Another pack of the 

same cards, imperfect, wanting the knave of coins and the 6 of 
clubs. Printed in black ink and coloured. Backs similar to 
the last. 

27. Madrid. F. Ocejo; 19th century. Complete pack, identical with 

No. 7, but with the eights and nines added, and all coloured. 
The maker's name has been removed from the 2 of coins. Backs 
decorated with a small leaf pattern, in green. 

28. Madrid. C. Roxas ; modern. Complete pack, artistically engraved 

and highly coloured, the court cards illustrating the costumes of 
the different provinces of Spain. The ace of coins has a profile 
head in a medallion, with tablets inscribed " Fabrica de P. 
Clemented Roxas." Backs decorated with a small leaf pattern. 

3J x 2£ in. 

29. Madrid. F. Solesio & Sons, 1792. Complete pack. The ace of 

coins has the arms of Spain with two scrolls inscribed " Fabrica 
Nacionel de Madrid, por D. Felix Solesio e Hijos," and on the 

4 of coins is " Naypes finisimos fabricados en Madrid de 1792." 
Backs decorated with a pattern of stars, in blue. 

3| x 2i in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 98.] 

30. Madrid. Solesio Brothers ; 19th century. Imperfect pack of 41. 

The ace of coins has the arms of Spain with two scrolls inscribed 
" Hermanos Solesio ; " on the deuce is a scroll inscribed " Naipes 
Finos," on the 4 the device of a caduceus and anchor, and on the 

5 a medallion with profile head. The missing cards are the 6 of 
cups, the 8 and 9 of swords, and the 3, 6, 7, and 8 of coins. Backs 
decorated with a small pattern of lozenges. [With this pack 
are three cards, the 8 of cups, the 8 of coins, and the 9 of clubs, 
which belong to another.] 

3J x 2} in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 99.] 

31. Madrid. C. R. ; modern. Complete miniature pack, with modern 

designs, the court cards fancifully treated. On the ace of coins 
are the arms of Spain, with " Dn, C. R. Md. " (? Clemented Roxas), 
and each of the fours has a vignette. Backs decorated with a 
diagonal pattern, in red. In modern morocco case. * 

\\ x | in. 

32. Madrid. Royal Manufactory, 1818. Imperfect pack of 44. The 

ace of coins is inscribed " R 1 F a - de M d - ano de 1818," and the 
4 of cups " JSTaypes Refinos." On the 4 of coins is a marine unicorn. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of stars, in blue. 

31 X 21 in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 99.] 



38 CATALOGUE OF CABBS. 

33. Madrid. Royal Manufactory, 1808. The sixteen court cards and 

aces belonging to a pack similar to the last ; apparently modern 
reprints. The ace of coins is inscribed "R 1 F a - de M d - ano de 1808." 
3£ x 2J in. 

34. Madrid; 1821. Complete pack. The ace of coins has the arms of 

Spain without any inscription. On the 4 of coins is "Naypes 
Finos fabricados en Madrid," and on the 4 of cups "Ano de 1821," 
but the pack appears to be of more recent date. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of small stars, in pink. 

3f x 2J in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 98.] 

35. Naples; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 46, having all the 

Spanish characteristics, but of coarse Italian manufacture, and 
doubtless produced in Naples during the Spanish regime. The ace 
of coins has the arms of Naples with the Bourbon inescutcheon. 
On the large coin of the 5 of coins is a cupid on a dolphin, and in 
the centre of the 4 an ornamental frame enclosing a blank shield. 
The missing cards are the 7 of swords and the 3 of coins. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of lozenges and circles, in blue. 
3f X 2f in. 

36. Naples ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 39, similar in character 

and make to the last. The suitmark of the ace of coins has a 
shield charged with the Bourbon fleurs-de-lis, and is displayed on 
the Austrian eagle ; below is " Por el Bey." On the 5 of swords 
is " Se has por el Rey." The coin suitmarks all have a fleur-de-lis 
in the centre. Backs decorated with a double-ended device of the 
arms of Naples with " Yiva il Re." 

31 x 2| in. 

37. Pampeluna. J. Serrano ; modern. Complete pack. The ace of 

coins has the arms of Spain with "Fabrica de Pamplona," and on 
the 4 of coins is a lion with " Jose Serrano Pamplona." Backs 
decorated with a small pattern, in pink. 

3| x 2J in. 

38. Paris. B. P. Grimaud ; modern. Complete pack, made in France 

for the Spanish market. On the 4 of cups is " B. P. Grimaud, 
Paris." Backs marbled in red. 
3£ x 2| in. 

39. Paris. B. P. Grimaud ; modern. Complete pack, made in France 

for the Spanish market. The ace of coins has in the centre an 
armorial shield (a ship at sea), and bears the maker's name, which 
also appears on all the court cards. Backs decorated with a small 
pattern, in pink. 
3| x 2\ in. 



SPANISH CARDS. 39 



40. Perpignan. Dessoris; 19th century. Imperfect pack of 47, made 

in France for the Spanish market. The ace of coins has the arms of 
Spain with scrolls inscribed " Dessoris a Perpignan," and on every 
court card is printed " Dessoris, France." The missing card is the 
knight of swords. Backs decorated with a pattern of spots, in 
blue. 

3| x 2f in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 98.] 

41. Perpignan. Dessoris. Imperfect pack of 46, more recent than 

the last, but inscribed in the same way. The missing cards are 
the 3 and 6 of swords. Backs plain. 

3| x 2J in. 

42. Valencia. J. Bau; modern. Complete pack (unused), with 

original wrapper. The ace of coins has a laurelled head and is 
inscribed "Fabrica de Jose Bau." The wrapper is lettered "Jose 
Bau, Calle de Murillo 38, Valencia." Backs marbled in green. 

3f x 2J in. 

43. Valencia. S. Dura ; modern. Complete pack (unused), with 

original wrapper. The ace of coins has a laurelled head and is 
inscribed " Simeon Dura, Valencia." The wrapper is lettered 
" Fabrica de Naipes. Simeon Dura. Guillem de Castro 130, 
Valencia, numero 1." Backs marbled in black. 

3|x2 in. 

44. Place of issue uncertain. J. Barbot; 18th century. Imperfect 

pack of 47. The ace of coins has the arms of Spain displayed 
on an eagle, with the name J. Barbot below, and on the 2 are the 
shields of Aragon and Castile. The large coin in the 5 of coins 
has the head of a king. The maker's monogram appears on the 
2 of swords and the ace of clubs. The missing card is the 3 of 
clubs. On every card the English equivalent has been added in 
pen and ink. Backs decorated with a pattern of stars, in blue. 

3| x 2i in. [S. Yol. Ill, pi. 99.] 

45. Place of issue uncertain. J. Bernard ; 18th century. Com- 

plete pack, probably made in France for the Spanish market. The 
ace of coins has the arms of Spain on an eagle, and is inscribed 
" Jean Bernard," which name (or its initials) appears also on seven 
other cards. The large coin in the 5 of coins has the two profile 
heads. The backs, which are plain, have titles of books written on 
them, showing that the cards have been used for a library catalogue. 

3f x 2| in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 96.] 



40 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

46. Place of issue uncertain. J. R. Miniature pack, complete. 
The ace of coins is inscribed "Fabrica de D. J. R.," and the 
cipher J. R. also appears on the 4 of coins. Backs decorated with 
a pattern of ermine spots, in blue. In modern morocco case. 



47. Place of issue uncertain ; early 19th century. Imperfect pack 

of 23, artistically engraved from fanciful modern designs, and 
highly coloured. The figures on the court cards are in modern 
military costumes, and on the 4 fours are vignettes, representing 
respectively two bacchanalian figures dancing before a statue, a 
Roman warrior seated, a Peruvian worshipping the rising sun, and 
Hercules slaying the Nemeean lion. No inscriptions. The ace of 
coins is a circular frame containing two portrait heads, supported 
by a child. The missing cards are the 5-9 of cups ; the 2, 3 and 
5-9 of swords ; the 2, 3 and 5-9 of coins ; and the 3 and 5-9 of 
clubs. Backs decorated with a small pattern in green. 

3f x 2J in. 

48. Place of issue uncertain. Imperfect pack of 46. On the suit- 

mark of the ace of coins is a sun displayed on an eagle, and the 
card is inscribed " Per Pere Rotxotxo " ; the 4 of coins has a frame 
enclosing a sun, and on the large coin in the 5 is a head of a king. 
(The presence of a sun on two of the cards suggests that the pack 
may have been made in or for Peru.) The missing cards are the 
4 of cups and the 5 of clubs. Backs decorated with a pattern of 
ermine spots, in blue. 

3| x 2} in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 99.] 

49. Place of issue uncertain ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 40 r 

similar to No. 45, but more recent. The ace of coins has the arms 
of Spain with the legend " Carolus Dei Gratia Hispania Rex n 
(probably Charles III, 1759-1788) ; and on the large coin of the 5 
of coins are the traditional royal profiles. The missing cards are 
the knight of cups ; the ace, 8 and knave of swords ; the 6 and 
knight of coins; and the 2 and knight of clubs. Backs plain. 

3| X 2| in. [S. Yol. Ill, pi. 97.] 

50. Place of issue uncertain ; 18th century. One unmounted card, 

the ace of coins, of Italian manufacture. The suitmark, which 
is displayed on an eagle, is charged with the arms of Spain, with 
the legend " Carolus Dei Gratia Hispaniarum Rex." At the top 
is " Apalto Romagnia." 

3| x 2i in. 

51. Place of issue uncertain. Modern satirical. Complete' pack, 

with the usual suits fancifully treated. The court cards are eari- 



SPANISH CARDS. 41 



cature portraits of Spanish political characters of the present day, 
and the aces have satirical designs. The coin suitmarks are old 
Spanish coins. Backs marbled. 

3£ x 2i in. 

52. Place of issue uncertain. Set of 19 modern impressions from 

an old block, unmounted and uncoloured. They are : the ace, 
knave, knight, and king of cups ; the ace, 6-9, knave, knight, and 
king of swords ; the knave, knight, and king of coins ; and the ace, 
knave, knight, and king of clubs. 
3| x 2} in. 

53. Place of issue uncertain. Complete pack, beautifully executed 

in water-colours. The subjects are all fancifully treated, with a 
figure of an amorino introduced in each. No inscriptions. Backs 
marbled and edges gilt. In red gilt-edged pasteboard case. 
3J x 2\ in. 



III.— PACKS OP 52. 

54. Cadiz. Olea ; modern. Complete double-ended pack (unused), with 

French suitmarks. The wrapper is inscribed "Fabrica de Barajas 
de Olea, Calle de la Flores No. 1, Cadiz." Backs decorated with 
a small pattern in black. 

3* X 24 in. 

55. Madrid. F. Solesio & Sons, 1802. Complete pack. On the ace 

of coins are scrolls inscribed " Keal Fabrica de Madrid " and " Por 
D. Felix Solesio e Hijos," and on the 4 of coins " Naypes Finisinos 
fabricados fn Madrid H. 1802." The 2 of cups bears the words 
" Para Cracas," showing that the pack was made for Caracas in 
Venezuela. Backs decorated with a small formal pattern in blue. 
34 x 21 in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 98.] 

56. Thiers. Jean Volay; 18th century. Complete pack, faintly 

printed and coarsely coloured, made for the Spanish market by 
the well-known French maker Jean Volay, whose name or initials 
are found on six of the cards. The ace of coins has the arms of 
Spain, and on the imperfect 2 is the shield of Leon and Castile ; 
the large coin of the 5 has the traditional royal heads, with the 
legend " Grossvsvs Nonvs Tmperatoris Romanorvm." The 2 of 
swords bears the words " f echas a tiarts." Backs decorated with 
a pattern of hexagons enclosing suns. 

3| x 2£ in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 94.] 

[This pack bears a general resemblance to the 17th century set in 
the old Museum collection (Willshire, S. 15), but is later and alto- 
gether inferior.] 



42 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

57. Brian ville's Heraldry; c. 1735. Imperfect pack of 50, illus- 

trating the heraldry of the various European states ; a Spanish 
version of the pack invented by OroneeFine (de Brianville) in 1659 
(see French Packs, Nos. 129-135). The principal changes are : — 
the Spanish suits replace the French ; the Spanish coats are found 
upon the swords, the German and northern coats on the cups ; the 
Italian on the coins; and the French on the clubs. The papal 
arms (on the king of coins) are those of Clement XII (Corsini), 
1730—40. The missing cards are the prince of cups and the king 
of clubs ; they must have been the kings of Hungary and France. 
Backs plain. 

3f X 2f in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 101-4.] 

58. Machara Vieja. F. Solesio and Sons. An odd card, the ace of 

coins, having the arms of Spain on the suitmark, above and below 
which are scrolls bearing ignorantly spelt inscriptions. "Real 
Fasnisa Machana Yiaja ror D. Felix Sdlesio e hijos." Back 
decorated with pattern of dots, in blue. 

3| x 2£ in. 



PORTUGUESE. 

Rio de Janeiro ; modern. Complete pack of 48 (the tens omitted 
as in Spanish packs), with Spanish suitmarks. The court cards 
are king, queen and knight. The coin suitmarks have the form 
of rosettes, and the swords and clubs are arranged as trophies with 
shields. On the aces the suitmark is held by a dragon. The 6 of 
cups bears a cipher F.B. Backs decorated with a pattern of blue 
stars. In original wrapper lettered " Cartas Portuguezas, Da It. 
F. do R° de Janr°." 

Si X II in. 



FRENCH. 

Card-playing was at an early but uncertain date introduced from 
Italy into France. So far as concerns the ordinary numeral sequence of 
52 cards the French pack differs from the Italian in that the suits Coeurs 
(Hearts), Piques (Spades), Carreaux (Diamonds), and Trefles (Clubs) are 
substituted for the Cups, Swords, Money, and Clubs, while among the court 
cards Queen takes the place of Knight. Besides the various games played 



FRENCH CARDS, 43 



with the four-suit numeral pack, the game of Tarot was also brought from 
Italy into France, and took root in the southern and some of the eastern 
provinces, but never in the north or centre. 

Tarot packs have been extensively manufactured in France, chiefly 
in places near the eastern frontier, for the use of the peasantry of that 
district and for exportation. A "jeu de Tarots" consists of 78 cards 
with Italian suitmarks and in every other respect resembles the Italian 
tarocchi packs, the same conventional designs being used throughout, but 
the inscriptions are in French. 

Piquet, the national game of France, is believed to have been invented 
about the time of Henri IV, and until the beginning of the eighteenth 
century was played with a pack of 36 cards, the 2-5 of each suit being 
suppressed ; since then the 6 has also been dispensed with, and a complete 
piquet pack now consists of 32 cards only. 

At an early period the French card-makers introduced the practice of 
giving the names of historical and legendary personages to the court cards, 
and in the seventeenth century a definite set of names became stereo- 
typed and has continued in use, more or less, until the present time : 
these are David, Alexander, Csesar and Charlemagne for the kings; 
Rachel, Argine, Pallas and Judith for the queens ; and Hector, Lancelot, 
Lahire and Hogier for the knaves. 

At the time of the Revolution and the first Empire, packs were 
published, artistically designed by David, Gatteaux and others, which 
harmonised with the new ideas ; but these enjoyed only a fleeting popu- 
larity, and the old type soon reappeared. 



L— "JEUX DE TAROTS." 

1. Belfort. J. P. Laurent, 18th century. Imperfect pack of 45. On 

the ace of cups is " P. Voisin," and on the 2 " Jean Pierre Lavrent 
a Belfort." The missing cards are the 3, 6, 7, 8, 10, knave and 
king of cups; the 2, knight and queen of swords; the 2, 3, 9, 
knave and queen of coins ; the ace, 5, 10 and queen of clubs ; and 
Nos. I, II, IV, YI, VII, IX and XII-XIX of the atouts. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of hexagons enclosing suns. 

H x 2* in. [S. Yol. II, pi. 11.] 

2. Besan9on. J. Jerger; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 77. The 

2 of cups is inscribed " Tarots Fins faites par J. Jerger Fabri- 
quant Carts a Besaneon," and on every court card and atout is 
" France J. Jerger." On Nos. Ill and IV of the atouts is a shield 
charged with an eagle, and on No. VII are the initials J. I. A. B. 
on a small shield. The missing card is the 7 of coins. Backs 
mottled green. 

4f x 2f in. [& Vol. II, pi. 11.] 



44 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

3. Chambery. Cardajat ; modern. A single card, the ace of clubs, 

bearing a stamp "Cardajat, Chamberi." Back decorated with a 
diagonal pattern, in blue. 

4§ x 2| in. 

4. Dijon. P. Madenie, 1709. Imperfect pack of 56, wanting the 

whole of the atouts. The 2 of coins is inscribed " Pierre Madenie 
Cartier du Prince 1709," and on the ace of cups is " Pater Graveur 
a Dijon." The 4 of coins has in the centre the arms of France 
differenced with a baton. Backs decorated with a pattern of 
lozenges enclosing crosses. 

4| x 2| in. 

5. Lyons. J. Dodali, 18th century. Complete pack. The 2 of coins - 

is inscribed " Faict a Lyon par Jean Dodali," and on the 2 of cups 
is " Jean Dodal " in large characters. The words " F. P. Le 
Trange " (fait pour l'etranger) appear on all the four knights, and 
also on the knave of clubs, and Nos. XI and XXI of the atouts. 
The names of the atouts are very ignorantly spelt. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of ermine spots. 

4| x 2i in. [S. Yol. II, pi. 4.] 

6. Lyons. G. Dubesset, 18th century. Complete pack. The 2 of 

coins is inscribed "Gvilavmhe Dvbesset a Lyon." Backs decor- 
ated with a pattern of lozenges enclosing crosses. 

4| x 2i in. 

7. Strasburg. J. B. Benois, 18th century. Imperfect pack of 76. On 

the 2 of cups is " Taros Fin de J. B. Benois a Strasburg." The 
missing cards are the knave of cups and the 9 of swords. Backs 
decorated with a small pattern in blue. 

4| x 2f in. [S. Yol. II, pi. 12.] 

8. Strasburg. L. Carey, 18th century. Revolutionary. Imperfect 

pack of 38, of the ordinary type, but with the titles of the knaves, 
queens and kings altered to " Egalite," " Liberte " and " Genie," 
and those of Nos. Ill and IIII of the atouts to " La Grande Mere " 
and " Le Grand Pere." The 2 of cups is inscribed " Taros Fin de 
L. Carey, a Strasbourg," and the engraver's initials F. I. appear on 
" Le Chariot." The missing cards are the 3, 4, 5, 7-10, knave, 
knight and king of cups ; the ace, 2, 4, knave, knight and king of 
swords ; the 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, knave and knight of coins ; the 2, 3, 6, 
7, 9, queen and king of clubs; and Nos. I, II, YI, VIII, Villi, 
XIII, XIIII, XVI, XVIII, and XXII, of the atouts. Backs 
mottled red. 

4| x 2f in. 



FRENCH CARDS. 45 



9. Strasburg. L. de Laboisse, 18th century. Imperfect pack of 69. 

On the 2 of cups is " Louis de Laboisse a la Perle Orientale a 
Strasbourg," and on the 2 of coins " Faict a Strasbourg par Louis 
de Laboisse." The engraver's initials J. N. are on " Le Chariot." 
The subject of No. II of the atouts is "Le Printemps." The 
missing cards are the ace and knight of cups, the king of swords, 
the knight of coins ; and Nos. Ill- VI and V IIII of the atouts. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of hexagons enclosing suns. 

4J x 2i in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 12.] 

10. Strasburg. K F. Laudier, 1746. Imperfect pack of 76. The 2 of 

coins is inscribed "Faictes a Strasbourg de N. Francois Laudier," 
and the 2 of cups " Taros Fins de Francois Kechler Marchand 
Car tier a Kehl." On " Le Chariot " appears the engraver's name, 
"Pierre Hsnard Graveur 1746." The missing cards are the aces 
of swords and clubs. Backs decorated with a small pattern in 
blue. 

U x 2f in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 12.] 

11. Strasburg; 18th century. Complete pack, identical with No. 8, 

except that the titles of the court cards and the third and fourth 
atouts have not been revolutionised, and the maker's name is 
omitted from the inscription on the 2 of cups. Backs decorated 
with a diagonal pattern in blue. 

12. Place of issue uncertain. F. Bouvard ; 18th century. Frag- 

mentary pack of two cards only, the 2 of cups, and the 2 of coins. 
The former is inscribed "Taros Fin de Francois Bouvard," and 
the latter " Francois Bouvard." Backs decorated with a pattern 
of lozenges enclosing suns, in blue. 
H x 2f in. 

13. Place of issue uncertain. C. Burdel; 1751. Complete pack. 

The 2 of coins is inscribed " Claude Burdel Cartier et Graveur 
1751." Burdel's initials also appear on the 2 of cups and Le 
Chariot. All the coin suitmarks have the French fleur-de-lis in 
the centre. The ace of coins and No. VI of the atouts have been 
taken from another pack. Backs decorated with a pattern of stars. 
4f x 2h in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 5-10.] 

14. Place of issue uncertain. H. B. 1752. Imperfect pack of 27. 

The 2 of coins is inscribed " Cartier Anno 1752," with a blank 
space for the maker's name, and on Le Chariot is the monogram 
LB. The missing cards are the 2-4, and 7-king of cups ; the 2, 
3, 5, 7-10 and queen of swords ; the 5, 7-10 and knight of coins ; 
the 2, 4-9, queen and king of clubs ; and Nos. I-IV, VI, VIII, 
IX, XI-XIV, XVI-XX and XXII of the atouts. Backs 
mottled red. 

4| x 2| in. 



46 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

15. Place of issue uncertain. !N". Conver; 1760. Imperfect pack 

of 77. The 2 of coins is inscribed " N ftS . Conver 1760," and on the 
2 of cups are the arms of France with the engraver's initials CM. 
The same arms appear also on the 4 of coins. All the four knaves 
bear the words " Conver, France," and on Le Chariot are the 
initials Y.T. The missing card is the knight of clubs. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of stars in blue. 

4f x 2h in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 11.] 

16. Place of issue uncertain. A. Jar; 18th century. Imperfect 

pack of 35. On the 2 of coins is " Antoine Jar." The missing 
cards are the 2-10 of cups; the ace-5, 9, 10 and king of swords; 
the ace, 4, knave and queen of coins; the ace, 2, 4-10 and knight 
of clubs ; and Nos. I, II, IV-VI, IX, X, XII, XVI, XVII, XIX, 
and XX of the atouts. Backs decorated with a pattern of hexagons 
enclosing suns. 

4| x 2f in. 

17. Place of issue uncertain. J. F. Tourcaty, fils ; 18th century. 

Imperfect pack of 58 ; very coarsely executed. The 2 of coins is 
inscribed "J. Francois Tourcaty Fils Anno," and on the 6 of 
swords are the initials E. S. Le Chariot bears the initials F. T., 
and on all the numeral cards of the suit of clubs are the letters 
B. A. The missing cards are the 3, 7, 8, 9, and knave of cups ; 
the 2, 8 and 9 of swords ; the 5, 7, and knave of coins ; the 2, 4, 5, 6, 
and king of clubs ; and Nos. Ill, VIII, IX, and XXII of the 
atouts. There is a duplicate king of cups. Backs decorated with 
a diagonal pattern in blue. 

4| x 2f in. 

18. Place of issue uncertain. F. W. ; 18th century. Twenty-four 

court cards and atouts from an uncoloured pack, viz., the knave, 
knight, queen, and king of cups and swords ; the queen and king 
of coins ; the knave and knight of clubs ; and Nos. I-XII of the 
atouts. On Le Chariot are the initials F. W. L'Imperatrice 
holds a shield charged with an eagle. Backs decorated with a 
highly coloured diagonal pattern of flowers and leaves. 

4| x 2| in. 

For* Cartomancy. 

19. Etteilla ; 19th century. Complete pack, artistically designed and 

printed in colours. The suits are those of the ordinary tarot 
packs but fancifully treated, the clubs being sceptres or official 
maces, and the coins ancient specimens. The atouts are emblema- 
tical figures differing almost wholly from the conventional subjects. 



FRENCH CARDS. 47 



Every card has numbers in the corners and words used in fortune- 
telling in the borders. No. 1 of the atouts (Le Chaos) is inscribed 
" Etteilla " and " Le Questionnant," and No. 8 (Repos) " Etteilla" 
and " La Questionnante." Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern 
in purple. 

6i x 2| in. [S. Yol. IT, pi. 61, 62.] 

(For an account of Etteilla (Alliette) and his resuscitation of 
cartomancy in France, see Willshire's Catalogue, p. 144.) 

20. Etteilla; 19th century. Imperfect pack of 71, with the ordinary 

suits fancifully treated. The clubs are short sticks and the coins 
discs bearing cabalistic characters ; the subjects of the atouts are 
identical with those in the preceding pack. The cards are 
numbered through 1-78, and each has two words used in fortune- 
telling ; on No. 8 is " Etteilla Questionnante." The missing 
cards are Nos. 1, 2, 3, 27, 29, 53, and 64. Backs decorated with 
a plaid pattern in brown and purple. 
4f x 2f in. 

21. Etteilla ; modern. Complete pack, identical in subjects with the 

last, but of more recent design ; the fortune-telling titles differ. 
Engraved on wood and printed on yellow paper. Backs plain. 
In cardboard case. 
4 x 2f in. 

22. Anonymous. Complete pack for fortune-telling ; badly drawn in 

water-colours on green paper. 

3| X 2| in. 



II.— PIQUET PACKS OF 36 AND 32. 

23. Beziers. Maudet, 18th century. Complete pack of 36. The 

king, queen, and knave of each suit are numbered I, II, and III 
respectively, both in upper left and lower right corners. The 
knave of spades is inscribed "Maudet a Beziers." Backs plain. 
3 x 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 4.] 

24. Paris. Gaillard, c. 1870. Imperfect pack of 31. The kings are 

replaced by portraits of Garibaldi, Trochu, Jules Favre and 
Gambetta ; the queens by figures of " France," " Liberte," " iEgalite," 
and " Eraternite " ; and the knaves by figures of "La Gloire," 
"Mobile," "Garde Rationale," and " Eranc-Tireur." The name 
Gaillard appears upon several of the court cards. The missing 
piece is the ace of spades. Backs decorated with a small cheek 
pattern in black and white. ' : ; 

3J X 2\ in. 



48 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

25. Paris. Gatteaux, 1816. Complete pack of 32, with the later 

designs of Gatteaux, which are modernised versions of the old 
established types. The knave of clubs holds a badge on which is 
the duty mark of 1816 with Gatteaux's name in the centre. In 
original wrapper inscribed " Cartes Roses Velin de la Fabrique 
de Renault." Backs decorated with a pattern of red dots. 

3i x 2J in. 

26. Paris. Gatteaux, 1816. Complete pack, similar to the last, but 

with a pattern of wavy dotted lines on the backs and a different 
wrapper, which is lettered " Cartes tres fines Faites par Testu 
succ r de M. Minot. . . . au Grand Gustave a Paris." 

27. Paris. Gatteaux, 1816. Complete pack, similar to the last and 

with the same wrapper but with a pattern of blue dots on the 
backs. The wrapper is printed in blue ink. 

28. Paris. Gatteaux, 1816. Complete pack, similar to the preceding. 

On the knave of diamonds is stamped " Chassonneris a Paris." 
Backs decorated with a pattern of lozenges enclosing suns. 

29. Paris. Gatteaux; modern. Imperfect pack of 31. The court 

cards have the same designs as in the preceding packs, but the 
badge held by the knave of clubs is without inscription. The 
missing card is the 7 of hearts. Backs plain. In blue and gold 
cardboard case. 

3i x 2£in. 

30. Paris. B. P. Grimaud, 1840. Complete pack of 32, in which 

the court cards, which are double-ended, illustrate the four then 
recent changes of government in France, " Republique," " Empire," 
" Monarchie Legitime," and " Monarchic Constitutionnelle." The 
kings and queens are portraits of Henri IV and Marguerite of 
Valois, Napoleon and Josephine, Louis Philippe and Amelie. 
The suitmarks of hearts, spades, and diamonds are charged with 
plummets, fleurs-de-lis, and eagles respectively. On several of the 
court cards is " B. P. Grimaud, Paris, France." Backs plain red. 

3f x 2J in. 

31. Paris. Houbigant's " Cartes Royales." Complete pack of 32. 

The court cards, which are engraved and tinted, are variations of 
those issued by A. G. Houbigant in 1818. (See French Sheets, 
No. 5.) Backs plain pink. In a modern morocco case lettered 
: ' " Picquet Cards 1716 " (sic). 

Si X 2 in. [S. Yol. II, pi. 64.] 



FRENCH CARDS. 49 



32. Paris. Houbigant's "Cartes Royales, 1818. The 12 court cards 

belonging to a pack similar to the preceding, executed on wood. 
The shield held by Roland is inscribed " Houbigant inv. Hersent 
et Bergeret del. Septembre 1818." Hand coloured. (See French 
Sheets, No. 6.) 

31 x 21 in. 

33. Paris. Houbigant's " Cartes Royales." Miniature pack, complete, 

copied from No. 31. Edges gilt. Backs plain. In cardboard case. 
If x 11 in. 

34. Paris. XJ. Jaume and J. D. Dugourc, 1795. Republican. Com- 

plete pack of 32, with original wrapper. The emblematical 
designs introduced during the revolutionary period, take the 
place of the ordinary court cards. On all the aces the suitmark 
is enclosed in a frame formed of lietors' fasces and accompanied 
by the words " La Loi. Rep. Era." The title on the wrapper is 
"Cartes Nouvelles de la Republique Franc, aise fabriquees par 
U. Jaume et J. D. Dugourc. Plus de Rois, de Dames, de Yalets ; 
La Genie, La Liberte, L'Egalite les remplacent : La Loi au-dessus 
d'Eux. Rus S. Nicaise N°- 11." Backs plain. 

3| x 2i in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 63.] 

(A pamphlet, " Constitution de la Republique proposee au Peuple 
Francais par la Convention Nationale. Chambery, Fructidor, an III," 
accompanies the pack.) 

35. Paris. Republican. Ten modern impressions from old blocks, 

with same designs as the last, uncoloured and unmounted ; viz., 
Liberte des Professions, Liberte du Mariage, Liberte de la Presse, 
Liberte des Cultes, Egalite de Droits, Egalite de Rang, Genie des 
Arts, Genie de Commerce, Genie de la Paix, and Genie de la 
Guerre. 

SI X 2\ m. 

36. Paris. Republican. Imperfect pack of 19, in which the em- 

blematical cards are copies, in pen and ink and water-colours, 
from those in No. 34. The missing pieces are the ace and 10 of 
hearts, the ace and 8 of spades, the ace-10 of diamonds, and the 
ace, 7, 8, and 10 of clubs. Backs plain. 
S\ X 2£ in. 

37. Paris. Lenoir, Modern republican. Complete double-ended pack 

of 32, with fancy emblematical suitmarks, viz., stars (for liberty), 
phrygian caps (for socialism), clasped hands (for fraternity), and 
rule and compass (for equality). The kings are portraits of 
C. Desmoulins, Brutus, William Tell and Washington, and have 
the word " Fondateur " ; the queens are female heads with the 

E 



50 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

word " Socialite ; the knaves are trophies of agricultural imple- 
ments with the word " Soutien." On the aces is the word 
" Embleme." The much injured wrapper is inscribed " Cartes 
Republicain, Lenoir 27 Rue Richemont." Backs decorated with 
a check pattern in brown. 

3J X 2J in. 

38. Thiers. P. L. Reneaud, 18th century. Complete pack of 32. 

The court cards all without names. On the knave of clubs is 
"Thiers. P. L. Reneaud." The queen of clubs appears to have 
been taken from another pack. Backs plain. 

3| x 2 in. 

39. Thiers. 18th century. Complete pack of 32. Between the feet 

of the knave of clubs is the word " Thier." Backs plain. 

3J x 2J in. 

40. Place of issue uncertain. Complete pack of 32, coarsely 

executed. The court cards are without names and each of the 
aces has a wreath enclosing the suitmark. Backs plain. 

2 x li in. 

41. Place of issue uncertain ; modern. Imperfect pack of 31, 

double-ended. No inscriptions. The missing card is the knave 
of diamonds. Backs decorated with a pattern of wavy lines and 
dots in blue. 

3* x 2f in. 

42. Place of issue uncertain ; modern. Complete pack of 32, 

double-ended. No inscriptions. Backs decorated with a small 
spot pattern, in red. 

3i x 2| in. 

43. Place of issue uncertain ; modern. Twelve cards from a double- 

ended pack of 32, viz. — the ace and knave of hearts ; the 9 of 
spades ; the ace, 7, queen and king of diamonds ; and the ace, 7, 9, 
knave and queen of clubs. The knave of clubs holds a shield 
charged with an eagle. No inscriptions. Backs decorated with a 
pattern of dotted lines, in blue. 

3f x 2} in. 

44. Place of issue uncertain ; modern. Complete pack of 32, very 

fancifully treated and executed in chromolithography. Each card 
is a panel of rich decoration, figures and groups being introduced, 
with a miniature card at the top to indicate the value. The 
pack is numbered throughout with Arabic numerals which occupy. 



FRENCH CARDS. 51 



the centre of the card, but in three instances a note of music is 
substituted for the number. Backs plain. 

3| x 2J in. 

45. Place of issue uncertain ; modern. Miniature. Complete pack 
of 32. Backs plain. In round wooden box. 



Historical. 

46. Revolution of 1830. E. F. Y. Maniez. Complete pack of 32, 

engraved and coloured. On the pip cards are represented 
incidents which occurred in Paris during the revolution of 1830, 
and the kings and queens are portraits of Louis Philippe and his 
queen, the Due d'Orleans and M lle - d'Orleans, Lafayette and 
M Ue - Laurent, Lafitte and J ine - Mercier. The value of each piece 
is indicated by a miniature card in the upper left corner. On the 
ace of clubs is " E. F. Y. Maniez Edit r . Imp. de Fosset." Backs 
plain. Edges gilt. 

31 x 2i in. 

47. The Napoleonic dynasty ; 1857. Complete pack of 32, with an 

additional card bearing the title " Cartes de l'Ere Imperiale dites 
CartesrChor. Elles se divisent en 4 classes, Yert, Bleu, Blanc, 
Bouge, au lieu de Cceur, Carreau, Treffle, Pique." The cards all 
contain representations of incidents in the reign of Napoleon III 
down to 1857, the court cards being portraits of members of his 
family, generals, etc., and are elaborately decorated. Each subject 
is enclosed in a frame formed of ribbons bearing the titles. Backs 
plain blue. 

3J x 2J in. 

Humorous. 

48. Paris. Lequart and Mignot ; modern. Complete pack of 32, with 

burlesque characters! Each piece has a miniature card in the 
upper left corner. The ace of hearts is " Don Quichotte; " the ace 
of spades, " Juge ; " the ace of diamonds, " Le Diable Boiteux ; " and 
the ace of clubs, " Gendarme." The last also bears the publishers' 
names. Backs plain. 

3| x 2| in. 

49. Early 19th Century. Imperfect pack of 22, with etched comic 

figures of street characters and others, each having a representation 
of a card on the front of the dress ; the court cards are burlesque 
representations of heathen divinities. The ace of hearts is 

E 2 



52 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 



" M r Botte, M tre - d'Armes," that of diamonds " Le Pere Lanti- 
meche," and that of clubs " Jocrisse." The ten missing cards are 
the 7, 10, and knave of hearts; the ace, 9, queen and king of 
spades; the knave and king of diamonds; and the 10 of clubs. 
Backs plain. 

4x2f in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 119, 120.] 

50. Complete pack of 32, similar to the last, but smaller, and coarsely 

executed on zinc. 

3| x 2 in. 

Fanciful. 

51. "Jeu de Bataille"; c, 1855. A. Legrand, Paris. Imperfect 

pack of 27, in which the usual suits are replaced by the 
four European countries engaged in the Crimean "War, viz. — 
France, England, Russia and Turkey. The kings are represented 
by generals, the queens by lieut.-generals, and the knaves by 
commanders, and the numerals are groups of soldiers corresponding 
in number to the value of the cards. There are two extra cards, 
one bearing the title "Jeu de Bataille tres Veritable et tres 
Recreatif. A Paris chez Augustin Legrand," etc., and the other 
the " Regie du Jeu de Bataille." The five missing cards are the 
general of France, the ace and commander of England, the 7 of 
Russia, and the ace of Turkey. Backs plain. 

3£ x 2 in. 

52. "Jeu d'Enigmes " ; late 18th century. Lebeuf, Paris. Complete 

pack of 32, of the ordinary suits, each having a question or 
answer at the top and bottom. Backs decorated with a pattern 
of blue stars. In original red cardboard case, on one side of 
which is a label lettered " Lebeuf, M d . Papetier ... a Paris," 
and on the other a vignette of Cupid turning a grindstone, with 
the title " Nouveau Jeu d' Enigmes." 

2| x If in. 

53. "Jeu Fran9ais et Espagnol et Hollandais " ; late 18th 

century. Complete pack of 32, of the ordinary suits, each card 
having sentences and questions in French, Spanish and Dutch. 
The title is on the ace of diamonds. Backs plain. In original 
cardboard case, on which is pasted a knave of clubs. 

2* x 1\ in. 

For Cartomancy. 

54. Etteilla; late 18th century. Complete engraved pack of 36, 

numbered throughout, consisting of 32 of the ordinary suits 



FRENCH CARDS. 53 



with four others entitled " consultant Eteila " and " consultant 
pour la reussite Eteila " (2). The cards are all emblematical or 
fanciful figures, " U Amour," " Proteeteur," etc., the value of each 
being indicated by a miniature card in the lower right corner. 
Uncoloured. Backs marbled. 

2|x2 in. 

55. Etteilla. Imperfect pack of 31, engraved and highly coloured. 

The four aces have emblematical figures of " La Victoire," 
" L'Amour," " La Justice " and " La Fortune," and on all the others 
are costumes of different East and West Indian nationalities. 
Each piece has its value indicated by a miniature card in lower 
right corner and bears various questions and numbers. The 8 and 
9 of hearts, the knave of diamonds, and the 7 of clubs, have been 
taken from another pack ; the missing one is the king of clubs. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of stars in blue. In original card- 
board case on which is represented " L* Amour consultant Eteilla 
sur le passe, le present et l'avenir." 

Si x 2i in. 

56. Etteilla. Mine, Gueffier, 1806. Complete pack of 32, each having 

in the centre a representation of a smaller card, surrounded by 
various words and numbers ; with three extra ones, two of which 
are inscribed "No. 1. Etteilla ou le Questionant," and the third 
represents Etteilla as a magician in his study. The first of the 
three also bears the address, "A Paris chez M me - Y e - Gueffier 
Kelieuse, rue Galande N°- 61. Croisey M d Papetier rue de la 
Huchette N°- 19." Backs plain. 

3| x 2£ in. 

[The pack is accompanied by a book of instructions entitled, " Le 
Nouvel Etteilla ou Moyen Infaillible de tirer les Cartes et de lire 
dans l'Avenir . . . Imprime a Andrinople et se trouve a Paris chez 
la Veuve Gueffier," etc., 1806.] 

57. Etteilla. Mme. Gueffier. Complete pack, similar to the last, 

with seven extra cards, five of which contain " Instruction pour la 
maniere de tirer les cartes ; " another is an advertisement of Mme. 
Gueffier's publications, and the seventh is "No. 1. Etteilla ou le 
Questionant." Backs plain. In pasteboard case. 

3| x 2£ in. 

58. Etteilla. Imperfect pack of 26, similar in character to the last, 

with one extra card "No. 1. Eteilla ou le Questionant." The six 
missing pieces are the 8, 10, knave, queen and king of spades, and 
the 7 of diamonds. Backs plain. 

3 x 2 in. 



54 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

59. Etteilla. St. Sauveur, Paris. Imperfect pack of 31, similar in 

character to the last, with an additional card, " No. 1. Etteilla ou 
le Questionant," which bears the address, " Chez le C en . St. Sauveur, 
Rue Mcaise ... a Paris." The missing card is the ace of diamonds. 
Backs plain. 

3J x 2i in. 

60. Mile. Lenormand; modern. Complete pack of 36, numbered 

throughout. Each piece has an emblematical vignette with ex- 
planation, the value being shown by a miniature card in the upper 
left corner. On an extra card are directions entitled " Maniere de 
placer les cartes," and on the wrapper is a figure of Mile. Lenormand 
standing by a table vaticinating. Backs decorated with a blue 
pattern. 

3| x 2J in. 

[For an account of the celebrated Mile. Lenormand, see " Will- 
shire," p. 162.] 

61. Marriage. H. Pussey, Paris ; c. 1820. Complete pack of 32, 

numbered throughout, and with the values indicated by miniature 
cards in the upper left corners. The subjects all relate to a 
marriage and its attendant circumstances. All the court cards are 
signed " H. Pussey Paris." Backs decorated with a plaid pattern 
in green and red. 

4f x 2f in. 

62. Anonymous. Fragmentary pack of 8, viz., the 8 and queen of 

hearts, the 8 and knave of spades, and the 7, 10, knave and 
queen of diamonds. Each card has four spaces at the side 
containing letters, numbers, emblems, etc., and another at the 
bottom in which is a question or answer. Backs plain. 

3£ x 2 in. 

63. "Maniere de diviner les 32 cartes du Piquet et les 12 mois 

de Fannee " ; set of 7 printed cards. 

3i x 2} in. 



III.— .PACKS OP 52. 

64. Avignon. J. Payen. Imperfect pack of 51, very coarsely executed 
and coloured with stencils. "Without names on the court cards. 
On the knave of clubs is " J. Payen, Avignon," and on the knave 
of diamonds " J. Payen." The missing card is the queen of hearts. 
Backs plain. 

3 x 2 in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 4] 



FRENCH CARDS. 55 



65. Bordeaux. H. Badu. Complete pack, coarsely executed. With- 

out names on the court cards. On the knave of spades is "H. 
Badu," and on that of clubs, "Bordeaux." Backs plain. 

3} X 21 in. 

66. Montpellier. Lionet. Complete pack, coarsely executed. With- 

out names on the court cards. On the king of diamonds is 
stamped " Lionet," and on the knave of clubs " Montpellier." Backs 
plain. 

3 x 2 in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 4.] 

67. Paris. Avril; modern. Complete pack, with whole length figures 

of English historical characters on the court cards, " Countess of 
Argyll," " Countess of Marlborough," " Buckingham," etc. On 
the knave of hearts is " Avril Fab*- a Paris." Backs plain blue. 
3} x 21 in. 

68. Paris. Delatre; early 19th century. Complete pack, with an 

extra king of hearts. Several of the knaves and queens have 
the conventional names "Lahire," "Judic," etc. On the knaves 
and queens of hearts and spades is the word " Delatre," and on the 
kings of spades and clubs " Delatre, Rue Helvetius No. 568." The 
knave of clubs is inscribed " G. D. Paris, Delatre." Backs plain 
and inscribed with MS. titles of books. 
31 X 21 in. 

69. Paris. Gatteaux, 1811. Complete pack of the Empire cards 

designed by the elder Gatteaux. The court cards are figures of 
Ogier, Hildegarde, Charles, Azael, Abigail, David, Curion, Cal- 
purnia, Caesar, Parmenion, Statira and Alexander, and are marked 
with one, two or three black spots to indicate their relative values. 
Parmenion rests his hand on a shield in the centre of which is 
" Gatteaux 1811." Backs plain. 

31 x 2* in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 118.] 

70. Paris. Gatteaux, 1811. Six of the court cards of a pack identical 

with the preceding, but without the black spots indicating their 
value. The cards are Hildegarde, David, Abigail, Csesar, Curion 
and Alexander. Backs plain. 

71. Paris. Gatteaux, 1811. Set of uncoloured proofs of the twelve 

court cards of the above pack. The suitmarks have not been 
inserted. 

72. Paris. Gatteaux, 1816. Complete pack, identical with No. 25 

but with the twenty additional cards. Backs plain blue. With 
original blue wrapper lettered " Cartes Bleues Velin de la Fabrique 
de Renault a Paris." 
31 x 2£ in. 



56 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

73. Paris. Gatteaux, 1827. Imperfect pack of 47, similar to the last, 

but double-ended, and with the date, 1827, on the badge. The 
missing cards are the 5, 6 and knave of spades, and the 9 and 
king of clubs. Backs decorated with a pattern of wavy dotted lines, 
in red. 

3£ x 2J in. 

74. Paris. Gatteaux, 1853. Complete pack, similar in all respects to 

the last, but with the date, 1853, on the badge. Backs decorated 
with a small pink pattern. With wrapper inscribed " Articles de 
Paris. Chatillon & Chenenaillie, St. Calais." 

3i x 2i in. 

75. Paris. Gibert, c. 1855. Complete pack, with the kings 

and queens represented by historical personages, viz. — Bussy 
dAmboise, Dame de Monsoreau, Comte de Brissac, Diane de 
Poitiers, Chevalier D'Eon, Comtesse de Rochefort, Cinq Mars, 
and Marion Delorme. The knaves are unnamed. On the knave 
of diamonds is "Gibert a Paris," and on that of spades, " France." 
Suitmarks gilded throughout. Backs plain blue. In cardboard 
case lettered " Cartes Parisiennes. Paris, Hue Neuve St. Augustin. 
Saison d 185 ." 

3f X 2i in. 

76. Paris. Gibert, c. 1855. Complete pack, identical with the last, 

except that the suitmarks are not gilded, but coloured in the 
ordinary manner. 

77. Paris. B. P. Grimaud ; modern. Imperfect pack of 50, identical 

with the piquet pack No. 30, but with the twenty cards added. 
The missing cards are the king of hearts and the 8 of diamonds 
Backs plain lavender. 

78. Paris. B. P. Grimaud ; modern. Complete Patience pack, double- 

ended. The court cards are without names, but on each of them 
is printed " B. P. Grimaud, France." The ace of hearts bears the 
duty stamp of the German empire. Backs decorated with a small 
blue pattern. 

2i x 1J in. 

79. Paris, 1848. Set of twelve engraved and coloured court cards, in 

which the ordinary subjects are replaced by costume figures of 
gentlemen, ladies and servants of modern society. The knave of 
clubs is inscribed " 1848, Paris, Rue Richelieu 102." 

3f x 2Jin. 



FRENCH CABDS. 57 



80. Romans. J. Coissieux. Republican. The twelve court cards of 

a pack of the conventional type, in which the crowns have been 
removed, and the usual names replaced by the Republican titles 
" Egalite," " Libert e," and " Genie." The maker's name is, on 
every card, and the knave of clubs has also the word "Romans." 
Backs plain, and inscribed in MS. with titles of books. 

3} x 2J in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 118.] 

81. St. Maixent. Assignats, 1791. Twenty-two of a pack of the 

ordinary kind, having on the backs printed assignats of the town 
of St. Maixent, dated 1791 and 1792. 

31 x 2i in. 

82. Toulouse. Maude t. Sixteen court cards and aces of the ordinary 

type, apparently all belonging to one pack, though three of them 
are repetitions. They are the ace, knave and king of hearts ; the 
ace, knave and queen of spades ; the ace, two knaves, queen and 
king of diamonds ; and the ace, two knaves and two queens of clubs. 
On the knave of spades is the word " Maudet," and on that of clubs, 
" Toulouse." Backs decorated with a small green pattern. In 
black cloth cover. 

3x2 in. 

83. Place of issue uncertain ; 17th century. Fancy devices. Frag- 

mentary pack of 15, engraved on wood and coarsely coloured, viz., 
the ace, 3, 6 and 8 of hearts; the ace, 4 and 10 of spades; the 
6 and queen of diamonds, and the ace, 5, 6, 8, queen and king of 
clubs. The value of each card is indicated by a suitmark and 
numeral, but the numbers are represented on the hearts by birds, 
on the spades by military objects, on the diamonds by quadrupeds, 
and on the clubs by flowers. The kings and queens are seated 
in chariots. On the aces are inscriptions forming together the 
lines 

"Vive le Roy et la Cour 
[Vive la Reyne] jeme F Amour." 

(All the four inscriptions appear on a pack of the same period 
published by the Societe des Bibliophiles Francais.) 

Backs plain. 

Si X 2J in. [C. S. Vol. II, pi. 14.] 

84. Place of issue uncertain. J. Burdel ; 19th century. Complete 

pack. The knaves of spades and clubs bear the name of the maker, 
" Jaques Burdel." The aces have oval spandrel frames enclosing 
the suitmark. Backs decorated with a pattern of black stars. 

3f x 2J in. 



58 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

85. Place of issue uncertain. V. Minot. Ten court cards from a 

pack of the ordinary type, viz., the knave and king of hearts ; the 
knave and king of spades ; the queen and king of diamonds ; the 
knave, queen and king of clubs, and another king of clubs, which 
is without the crown and the name Alexandre. All the cards bear 
Minot's name, and the knave of clubs (which belongs to another 
pack) is inscribed " V. Minot, G. D. Paris " (Generalite de Paris). 
Backs plain, and inscribed in MS. with titles of books. 

3} x 2£ in. 

86. Place of issue uncertain. Complete pack of the ordinary type. 

The knave of clubs (Lancelot) holds a badge on which is a lion 
rampant. Backs plain pink. 

3| x 2i in. 

87. Place of issue uncertain. L. Leveau ; c. 1850. Set of twelve 

engraved and coloured court cards, having whole length figures 
of Napoleon, Josephine, Ney, Charlemagne, Hildegarde, Marshal 
Lannes, Charles V, Isabelle, Berthier, Augustus, Julie, and Duroc. 
Each card is inscribed " L. Leveau — France." 

3| x 2i in. 

88. Place of issue uncertain. Imperfect pack of 24, of the ordinary 

type, double-ended. Court cards without names. The missing cards 
are the ace and 10-king of hearts; the ace, 2, 4-7 and 10-king of 
spades ; the 2, 4, 7, 8, knave, queen and king of diamonds ; and 
the ace, 7-10 and king of clubs. Backs decorated with a pattern 
of dotted lines, in pink. 

31 x 2i in. 

89. Place of issue uncertain ; 18th century. Complete pack, of the 

ordinary type, double-ended. The knaves are without names. 
Backs decorated with a blue diagonal pattern. 

3| X 2| in. 

90. Place of issue uncertain. Two imperfect double-ended packs, 

identical in every respect, except that in one case the backs are 
pink, and in the other blue. The court cards are without names, 
and every card has a key-pattern border. The missing pieces in 
the pink pack are the 8 and knave of hearts and the ace and 6 of 
diamonds ; those in the blue pack are the ace and queen of spades, 
the ace and 8 of diamonds, and the 8 of clubs. There is an 
extra knave of clubs. The two packs are enclosed in an original 
cardboard case decorated with the signs of the zodiac. 

2§ x 1% in. 



FRENCH CARDS. 59 



91. Place of issue uncertain ; modern. Theatrical portraits. Com- 

plete pack, double-ended. The court cards are portraits of favourite 
French actors and actresses : Potier, Mile. Grassari, Nourit, etc. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of dots and stars in pink. 
3i x 2f in. 

92. Place of issue uncertain; c. 1850. Complete pack, engraved 

and coloured. The court cards are of the same character as "No. 79, 
the figures being varied. No inscriptions. Backs plain blue. 
3f x 2£ in. 

93. Place of issue uncertain ; e. 1850. Complete pack. The court 

cards are whole length comic figures. No inscriptions. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of dots in blue. 
3i X 2J in. 

94. Place of issue uncertain. Eight cards from an ordinary pack, 

viz., the 4 and king of hearts, the 3 and queen of spades, the 2 and 
5 of diamonds, and the 4 and knave of clubs. The 4 of hearts has 
been altered to a 10, the 5 of diamonds to a 9, and the 4 of clubs 
to a 10; the suitmark of the queen of spades has been changed 
to a heart. Backs decorated with a pink pattern. 
3| X 2i in. 



95. Atthalin's Cards. Complete pack of the cards designed by Baron 

Louis Atthalin, in which the suitmarks form an integral part 
of the compositions. These are of a burlesque and fanciful 
character, the court cards being the usual subjects found on French 
cards, but treated in a quite original manner. The knave of clubs 
is a figure of Jacquemin Gringonneur sitting at work near his 
easel, on which is an ordinary knave of clubs holding a medallion 
inscribed " Louis Atthalin." Backs decorated with a small diagonal 
pattern in gold on pink. 

3f x 2i in. [S. Yol. II, pi. 71-74.] 

96. Atthalin's Cards. A proof set of the preceding, uncoloured and 

before the inscriptions. Backs plain. 

97. "Cartes a Hire;" c. 1819, (attributed to Atthalin). Complete 

pack, designed on the same plan as the preceding, but differing 
altogether in the subjects, which are mainly political. The kings 
and queens are caricatures of the reactionary newspapers of the 
time, " Constitutional," " Quotidienne," etc., and the knaves 
satirise Chateaubriand, Talleyrand and others. [See Chatto, 
p. 264.] Backs plain. In cardboard case bearing the title. 

3£ X 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 67-70.] 



60 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

98. "Cartes a Rire." Imperfect pack of 48, similar to the preceding, 

except that the figures on the court cards represent the different 
Paris theatres instead of newspapers and politicians. The missing 
cards are the 4 and 10 of hearts and the ace and 2 of diamonds. 
Backs plain. In cardboard case. 

99. Five cards from a burlesque etched pack of c. 1820, in which 

the suitmarks form part of the design, viz. — the 9 of hearts, 
t: Aceademie " ; the 8 of spades, " Malade " ; the 9 of spades, 
" Capucinade " ; the ace of clubs, "Scene de Figaro"; and 7 of 
clubs, " Joueurs." With eight duplicates. Backs plain. 
3£ x 2| in. 

100. Imperfect pack of 49, of c. 1850, having various burlesque and 

fanciful subjects, with which the suitmarks are incorporated. A 
cupid crowned represents the king of hearts and a ballet girl the 
queen. The court cards are executed in chromo-lithography, the 
rest uncoloured. No inscriptions. The missing cards are the ace 
of spades, and the 2 and 8 of diamonds. Backs decorated with 
a small lace pattern in blue and white. 
3£ x 2h in. 

For Cartomancy. 

101. Paris. J. Gaudais; c. 1820. Astrological. Complete pack, with 

two extra cards. Each piece has at the top a horoscope, with a 
miniature playing-card on the left and a letter of the alphabet on 
the right, in the centre a mythological or fanciful subject, and at 
the bottom various groups and devices. On the extra cards are 
figures of the fortune-tellers, one a lady, the other a gentleman in 
fancy dress ; the latter has a tablet inscribed " Paris J. Gaudais." 
The pack is executed in lithography and coloured. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of winged insects, in blue. 
4| x Si in. 

102. Paris. Astrological. Small edition of the preceding pack. With- 

out publisher's name. Backs plain. 
3| x 2£ in. 

103. Paris. J. Gaudais; c. 1830. Complete pack, drawn on stone by 

Mansion. Each piece has a fancy figure or group of figures, and 
its value is indicated by a miniature card in the upper left corner. 
The cards are numbered throughout 1-52, without reference to 
the suits. No. 1 (the 6 of hearts) is " U Amour," and No. 52 
(the 5 of clubs) " Victoire." Mansion's name is on every card, 
and Gaudais's on some of them. Backs decorated with a plaid 
pattern. 

4£ x 3 in. 



FBENGH CARDS. 61 



104. Place of issue uncertain. Complete pack of 42, numbered 
throughout. Each has either one or two emblematical subjects 
with titles, with a miniature card in one corner, the double 
subjects making the four suits complete. No. 1 is " Voyage — 
Terre," and No. 52 " Etranger, ISTouvelle — Homme de Campagne." 
Backs marbled green. 
3| X 2J in. 



105. Lottery. A pack of 60 of the ordinary French type, having 

questions and answers printed on the backs. The questions are 
in purple ink and the answers in red. Many cards are missing, 
whilst of others there are one or more duplicates. 
3J x 2&m. 

Instructive. 

106-122. Desmarest's educational packs, designed and en- 
graved by Stefano Delia Bella. 

(For an account of these and the circumstances of their publi- 
cation see Willshire's Catalogue, p. 127, and Jombert's Catalogue 
of Delia Bella's Works, p. 27.) 

106. " Jeu des Fables" (Jombert 116). Complete pack of 52, with 

title; in second state, with the heart and diamond suitmarks 
only in outline. 

3| x 21 in. fS. Yol. II, pi. 15-18.] 

107. "Jeu des Fables "; same pack. Imperfect unmounted set of 

30, in the third state, with the heart and diamond suitmarks 
filled in and with letters and numbers in lower right corners. 
The missing cards are the 2-5 and 8-king of hearts ; the 1-3 and 
8-knave of spades ; and the 9-king of clubs. 

108. "Jeu des Fables." Complete set of German copies of the 

preceding, with the title "Die Poetische oder Mythologische 
Spielkarten." Mounted in a small volume with engraved 
frontispiece and 127 pages of preliminary text ; published at 
Nuremberg. 

109. "Jeu des Rois de France" (Jombert 119). Fifteen cards 

belonging to this set (which consists of 40 only), all in the third 
state, with the suitmarks added at the top and letters in lower 
right corners. The cards are Pharamond, Merouee, Clovis, 
Charles Martel, Charlemagne, Robert, Philippe Auguste, Saint 
Louis, Charles huit, Henry le grand, Louis XIII, Louis XIY, 
" ni bons ni mauvais," " fayneants " and " sans foy." 

3| x 2£ in. [S. Vol. If, pi. 19 and 20.] 



62 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

110. " Jeu des Rois de Prance." Complete pack, copied from the 

preceding; with the same French inscriptions. The number 
of cards is extended from 40 to 52, and some of the kings who 
are grouped together in the original pack are here given separate 
cards. The king of hearts is a whole length seated portrait of 
Louis XIV when a boy. The engraved title, bearing a bust of 
Louis XIY and the address of P. Mortier, Amsterdam, is mounted 
on a wrapper. The pack is accompanied by a small book 
containing the rules of the game and accounts of the kings. 

111. "Jeu des Reynes Renommees" (Jombert 118). Complete 

unmounted set of 52, with engraved title, which bears the address 
of Henri Le Gras. 

3± x 2J in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 21-24.] 

112. " Jeu des Reynes Renommees." Complete pack, copied from 

the preceding, with engraved title ; published by P. Mortier, 
Amsterdam. The inscriptions are all placed on suspended 
drapery. The title, which has been clipped, is mounted on a 
wrapper. A tract giving accounts of the personages accompanies 
the pack. 

3f x 2 in. 

113. "Jeu des Reynes Renommees." Imperfect pack of 49, 

duplicate of the last, but with undipped title. The three 
missing cards, " Octavie," " Isabelle de Castille," and " Isabeau 
de Baviere," have been replaced by duplicates of " Mariame," 
" Cleopatre," and " Roxelane." Mounted in a small album. 

114. "Jeu des Reynes Renommees." Seven cards belonging to a 

pack copied from No. Ill, with Italian inscriptions. The cards 
are : Roxana, Mary Stuart, Queen Elizabeth, Joanna of Naples, 
Pentheselea, Agrippina and Medea. Backs plain. 

3f x 2 in. 

115. "Jeu de Geographie" (Jombert 117). Complete set, un- 

mounted, with engraved title bearing a planisphere and the 
address of Henri Le Gras. Second state, before the letters 
and numbers were added. 

3f X 2| in. [S. Yol. II, pi. 25-28.] 

116. "Jeu de Geographie." Imperfect set of the same cards, un- 

mounted; in the third state, with letters and numbers added 
in lower left corners. Twenty-four are missing, viz. — the entire 
suit of hearts, the 2 and 6-king of diamonds, and the 2 and 3 of 
clubs. 



FRENCH CARDS. 63 



117. "Jeu de Geographie." Imperfect pack, copied from the 

preceding and published by Mortier of Amsterdam. The in- 
scriptions are placed on suspended drapery. The title, the 
4 of hearts and the queen of clubs are wanting. Backs plain. 
3f X 2£ in. 

118. "Jeu de Geographie." Another imperfect set of the same 

copies, coloured. Twenty -five are missing, viz. — the 5 and 
knave of hearts ; the ace, 3, 10, queen and king of spades ; 
the ace, 4, and 7-king of diamonds ; and the ace— 7, knave and 
king of clubs. 

119. "Jeu de Geographic" Imperfect pack, copied from No. 115; 

with German suitmarks and inscriptions. The subjects vary in 
several instances from the originals. Seventeen are missing, viz. 
— the 3-5 of hearts ; the 5 of bells ; the ace, 4, 5, upper knave 
and king of acorns ; and the 2-4 and 9-king of leaves. Backs 
mottled red. 

4 x 2£ in. 

120. " Jeu de Geographie." Another set copied from No. 115, with 

German suitmarks and inscriptions. The plates are printed three 
on a page and sewn in a cover to form a book. The engraved 
title has an emblematical group of the four quarters of the world, 
with drapery below inscribed " Schau-Platz der Welt," etc. The 
inscriptions vary from those in the preceding pack. 
H X 2J in. 

121. "Jeu de Geographie." Another pack copied from No. 115, 

with German suitmarks and inscriptions. The suitmarks are 
roughly coloured and the inscriptions printed with type. Fifteen 
cards are missing, viz. — the 7, 9, and king of hearts ; the 4, 6 and 
7 of bells ; the 2, 10, lower knave and king of acorns ; and the 2, 
3, 10, upper knave and king of leaves. Backs decorated with 
a black diagonal pattern. 
U x 21 in. 

122. "Jeux Historiques des Rois de France, Reines Renom- 

mees, Geographie et Metamorphose; par feu M r . J. 
Desmarests . . . et gravez par Do la Bella ; a Paris, chez 
Nicolas le Clerc et chez Florent le Comte, 1698." A reprint in 
book form of the packs Nos. 109, 111, 115 and 106 above. Bound 
in blue morocco. 



123. Geography; c. 1670. Complete pack of 52. Each suit is appro- 
priated to one of the quarters of the globe, and each card to one 
country, concerning which it gives information. The court cards 



64 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

are distinguished by medallion heads, representing the countries 
on which they occur ; that on Russia is " Le Roux," that on 
France " Pharamond," that on England "Elizabeth." Backs 
plain. 

3J x If in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 41-44.] 

(For similar packs, see Italian, No. 107, German Sheets, No. 49, 
and English, No. 44.) 

124. Geography. French Provinces; c. 1750. Thirty-seven of a 

pack of 52, in which the four suits are represented by the 
provinces of Orleannois, Poitou, Bretagne and Touraine (with 
Maine and Anjou), with four extra cards giving maps of those 
provinces. The value of each card is indicated by the number 
of towns on it, and its suit by the colour. The three court cards 
of each suit, on which are heads of a knave, queen and king, give 
statistical details and the aces contain the arms of the provinces 
and other information. The missing cards are the ace and 2 of 
Poitou, the 2 of Bretagne, and the 2-king of Touraine. Backs 
plain. 

3f x 2h in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 45-47.] 

125. Geography. French Provinces, c. 1750. Complete pack, similar 

in all respects to the last, but dealing with the provinces of 
Provence, Dauphine, Lyonnais and Bourgogne. 

126. Geography ; c. 1750. Complete pack, similar to the preceding, 

but having for the four suits Austria, Bohemia, Silesia and 
Bavaria. Backs plain. 

127. Geography; c. 1750. Twenty-seven cards, selected from various 

packs, all designed and executed in the same manner as the three 
preceding. The countries illustrated are : — Hongrie (1 card), 
Lithuanie (2), Russie (2), Transilvanie (1), Cercle du bas Rhin (1), 
Petite Pologne (3), Grande Pologne (1), Sardaigne (1), Toscane (1), 
Genes (2), IStat de l'Eglise (1), Andalousie (1), Valence (1), 
Alsace (1), Champagne (3), Angleterre (2), Trlande (1), Ecosse (1), 
and Pais-Bas (1). Backs plain. 

128. Botany. "Boston de Flore, ou Botanique Elementaire," 1820. 

Complete pack of 52, for instructing children in botany. The 
values are shown by miniature cards which form part of the 
designs, the suits being of four different colours, red, green, blue 
and yellow. The pack is accompanied by a small book and en- 
closed in a pasteboard case. Edges gilt. Backs plain. 

3i X 21 in. 



FRENCH CARDS. 65 



129. Heraldry. Brianville, 1665. Complete pack (52) of the well- 

known cards produced by Claude Oronce Fine, called De Brian- 
ville, and first published at Lyons in 1659. [See Willshire, p. 88.] 
Edition of 1665, with the arms of Pope Alexander YII (Chigi) 
on the king of clubs. Uncoloured. Backs plain. In old paste- 
board case. 

3i x 2} in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 29-32.] 

130. Heraldry. Brianville, 1665. The same pack, mounted in form 

of a small volume, with explanatory text, engraved frontispiece, 
dedication to the Duke of Savoy, and the following title : — " Jeu 
d'Armoiries des Sovverains et Estats d'Europe. . . . Par C. 
Oronce Fine, dit de Brianville, Conseiller & Aumonier du Roi," 
3 eme - edition, Lyon, 1665. The heraldry is blazoned in the 
correct colours throughout. 

131. Heraldry. Brianville, c. 1668. Complete pack, identical with 

the last, but a later edition, the papal arms on the king of clubs 
being those of Clement IX (Rospigliosi), 1667-70. Backs plain. 

132. Heraldry. Brianville. Complete pack, copied from the preceding, 

with the same papal arms. Backs plain. 

133. Heraldry. Brianville, c. 1680. Complete pack, similar to 

No. 131, but a later edition, with the arms of Pope Innocent XI 
(Odescalchi), 1670-1689. Backs plain. 

134. Heraldry. Brianville. "Jeu dArmoiries des Souverains & 

Etats d'Europe," etc. Huitieme edition. P. Mortier, Amster- 
dam. Vol. of text only, with a folding plate. 

135. Heraldry. Brianville. Same work ; smaller edition, with 2 

folding plates. P. Mortier, Amsterdam. 

136. Heraldry. A single card, the 8 of clubs, with the arms of the 

Duchess of Montferrat. The " VIII " is inserted with a pen. 
Back plain. 

3| x 2 in. 

137. Heraldry. Amaulry's "Jeu de Cartes du Blason," 1692. Set of 52 

finely engraved plates, giving the armorial bearings of the chief 
royal and noble families of Europe ; in book form, with title, preface 
and explanatory text ; published at Lyons by Thomas Amaulry, 
1692. The suitmarks are fleurs-de-lis, eagles, roses and lions, 
and the court cards whole length figures of Louis XIV and 
other royal personages. Bound in calf, with red edges. 

4 x 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 33-36.] 

F 



66 CATALOGUE OF CAJRDS. 

138. Military Science. G. de la Boissiere's "Jeu de la Guerre," 
c. 1710. Complete engraved pack of 52, each card having a 
representation of some incident in a military campaign, with an 
explanation below. The cards are numbered 1-52, the value of 
each being indicated by a single suitmark enclosing a numeral. 
Backs plain. In old morocco case. 

3f x 2J in. [S. Yol. II, pi. 52-55.] 

[For the same pack in sheet form, with title and artists' names, 
see French Sheets, No. 17.] 



IV.- BRETON ALLUETTES. 

These packs, which are peculiar to the province of Brittany, have 
Spanish suitmarks and are altogether Spanish in character and design, 
except that ladies on horseback are substituted for knights. Like 
Spanish packs, also, they consist of 48 cards, the four tens being sup- 
pressed. 

139. La Rochelle. Reumeteau. Complete pack, roughly stencilled 

and coloured. On the 2 of swords is "Faites par Reumeteau a 
La Rochelle," and on several others the word "France." Backs 
mottled in brown. 

3| X 24 in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 13.] 

140. Nantes. Imperfect pack of 33. On the queens of cups and 

swords is the word " France," and on the ace and knave of 
swords, and the knave of clubs the word " Nantes. " The missing 
cards are the 5, 9 and king of cups ; the 2 and king of swords ; 
the 4, 5, 8, knave and queen of coins; and the 2, 3, 7, 8 and 
queen of clubs. Backs marbled. 

34 x 24 in. 

141. Paris. A. Darodes. Imperfect pack of 47. On the 2 of swords 

is " A. Darodes a Paris," and the same appears on all the court 
cards. The missing card is the knave of cups. Backs decorated 
with a small pattern in red. Edges gilt. 

oi x 24 in. 



V.— FRAGMENTARY PACKS AND ODD CARDS. 

142. All the court cards, with the exception of the king of clubs, of a 
small 18th century pack of the ordinary type. They are without 
names, and have on the backs engravings of toy figures. 

2J x If in. 



FBENCR CARDS. 67 



143. The twelve court cards of a double-ended pack. The queens are 

ladies in the costume of c. 1820, the knaves military men with 
halberds. No inscriptions. 

3J x 2J in. 

144. Thirteen court cards from different packs and of various ages, viz. 

— a " Liberte " ; three queens and two kings of hearts ; a queen 
of spades ; two queens and two kings of diamonds ; and two 
kings of clubs. One of the last is inscribed " G. D. Thiers Ni." 
Backs plain and mostly inscribed with MS. titles of books. 

[S. Yol. II, pi. 2.] 

145. Thirteen court cards of the old type, very coarsely executed, viz. — 
two knaves and two queens of hearts ; a knave, queen and king of 
spades ; a knave, two queens and a king of diamonds ; and a knave 
and king of clubs. On the knaves of spades and clubs is the 
name " Etienne Philippe," and on the kings of spades, clubs, and 
diamonds the word " Grenoble." All mounted on wall-paper of 
large pattern. 

3f x 2 in. 

146. Seventeen knaves from different packs and of various ages. They 

bear the following names of makers : — Kosnet, G. de la Fon, 
I. Chamborn, I. Clave, G. Riviere, P. Dufaud, J. Latasche of 
Angouleme, Jehan Person, and two merchant marks of the Yolay 
family. Backs plain and mostly inscribed with MS. titles of books. 

[S. Vol. II, pi. 3.] 

147. Twelve court cards from various packs, viz. — one king of hearts ; 

two kings of spades ; four queens and one king of diamonds ; 
and four queens of clubs ; all without names. Backs plain and 
inscribed with MS. titles of books. 

148. Forty-five court cards from various packs, viz. — five knaves, seven 

queens, three kings and one " Egalite " of hearts ; five knaves, 
five queens and two kings of spades ; one knave, six queens, and 
two kings of diamonds ; and five knaves, one queen and two 
kings of clubs. Three of the queens and one of the knaves bear 
the word " Manus " ; on another queen and another knave is the 
name " Passeron." All have plain backs inscribed with MS. titles 
of books. 

149. Thirty-eight court cards from various packs, viz. — five knaves, three 

queens and four kings of hearts ; four knaves, five queens and one 
king of spades ; one knave, four queens and three kings of dia- 
monds ; and four knaves, one queen and two kings of clubs. 
On some are found the names of makers, Thiboult, Mandrou, 
Manus, Madenie, V. Minot, Ybert, Bonnardin, B. Mazet, Mayer 
and Autreux fils. 

f 2 



68 CATALOGUE OF CAJRDS. 

150. Twelve court cards from republican packs, viz. — the " Brave," 

" Yertu " and " Sage " of each of the four suits. The figures are 
characters in ancient history, Hannibal, Solon, M. Scsevola, etc. 
On the sage of spades is the name "I. Pinaut," and on that of 
diamonds " J. Minot." 

151. Sixteen court cards from various packs, viz. — two knaves, three 

queens and two kings of hearts ; one queen and two kings of 
spades ; one knave, one queen and one king of diamonds ; and 
two knaves, and one queen of clubs. The king of diamonds, 
one of the queens of hearts, and the queen of clubs bear the name 
" Trioullier," on the queen of spades is the name " Mandrou," and 
on a knave of clubs " Versailles." Backs plain. 

152. Seven court cards from various packs, viz. — three knaves and one 

queen of clubs, one knave of diamonds, one " Genie des Arts " of 
spades, and one knave without suitmark. The knave of diamonds 
is signed " Jehan Janin." One knave of clubs holds a medallion 
inscribed " Autreux Freres " and has the word " Tours " below ; 
another is signed " G. [Gueret] Grenoble." 

[S. Vol. Ill, pi. 117.] 

153. Five cards from an'ordinary modern pack, viz. — the 8 and knave of 

hearts, the 6 of diamonds, and the 2 and 6 of clubs ; on the backs 
are comic designs for diagonal cards, drawn in water-colours. 

3i x 2i in. 

154. Set of twenty cards printed from the wood-block which was dis- 

covered in a farm, forming a portion of an old coffer, by M. Vital- 
Berthin, of Beaurepaire, Isere, and has been facsimiled in 
Merlin's " Origine des cartes a jouer," 1869. 

155. Set of twenty-four modern impressions from a 17th century block, 

being the twelve court cards repeated. Some bear the name 
Pierre Garet, others Jean Garet. 

3^ x 2 id. 

156. Set of twenty modern impressions from a 16th century block, 

viz. — 8 kings, 8 queens, and 4 knaves. 

3f x 21 in. 

157. Six small court cards, engraved on ivory and coloured, viz. — a 

queen of hearts; a knave, queen and king of spades; and two 
queens of clubs, all represented by heathen divinities. 

li X Of in. 



FRENCH CARDS. 69 



158. Ten old cards, on the backs of which are paintings of Dutch heads 

well executed in oils. They include a knave of diamonds signed 
" Mcolas Dody," a knave of hearts signed " Guillaume Selon," 
a knave of spades bearing N. Dody's initials and inscribed 
" Fren pour le T range," and a king of hearts inscribed " F. P. 
Le Trenge." 

3i X 21 in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 117.] 

159. Six old cards (two kings, two queens and two knaves), unmounted, 

uncoloured and lacking the suitmarks ; all bearing the name 
"Mousse." 

3f X 21 in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 117.] 

160. Three old cards (two kings and a knave) ; without the suitmarks. 

The knave bears an illegible signature. 

161. One diagonal card, composed of a 5 of hearts and a jester. Un- 

coloured and unmounted. 
3f x 21 in. 



VI.— CARDS WITHOUT SUITS, 
(a.) Instructive. 

162. Old Testament. Pack of 25 engraved cards, each having four 

subjects from the Old Testament and Apocrypha, with explanation 
below. "No. 1 is an emblematical representation of the Trinity, 
with the title " Dieu Trinite tout Esprit." Numbered through- 
out 1-25. Backs plain. 
41 x 2| in. 

163. Bible History. " Cinquieme Jeu de Cartes Historiques, contenant 

un abrege de l'Histoire Sainte, depuis la Creation du Monde 
jusqu'a la Naissance du Messie, etc. Par E. J." Published by 
Vanackere at Lille, and Merigot at Paris. Complete pack of 48, 
type-printed, each having a small woodcut medallion at the top. 
With two extra cards containing " Avis." In pasteboard case. 
4J x 2f in. 

164. New Testament. " Septieme Jeu de Cartes Historiques, con- 

tenant un abrege de l'Histoire du Nouveau Testament," etc. 
Complete pack of 48, with extra card of "Regies du Jeu," 
forming a continuation of the last, and quite similar in character. 
Published by Yanackere at Lille, and Nicolle at Paris. In paste- 
board case. 

4| x 2| in. 



70 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

165. Mythology. " Jeu de Cartes Mythologiques, contenant un Abrege 

Elementaire de la Fable." Complete pack of 48, with " Regies 
du Jeu/' belonging to the same series as the two preceding. 
Published by Yanackere at Lille, and Nicolle at Paris. In paste- 
board case. 

4 x 2f in. 

166. Ancient History. Imperfect pack of 49, similar in character 

to the preceding, giving historical information respecting the 
different nations of the ancient world, with medallion portraits. 
Nos. 1, 39 and 52 are missing, and of No. 4 there is a duplicate. 
In pasteboard case. 
5| x 3 in. 

167. Ancient Greek History. "Troisieme Jeu de Cartes Historiques 

contenant un Abrege de l'Histoire Grecque." Complete pack 
of 48, with " Regies du Jeu," belonging to the same series as 
Nos. 163-165. Published by Yanackere at Lille and Merigot at 
Paris. In pasteboard case. 
4 x 2f in. 

168. Ancient Roman History. "Jeu de Cartes Historiques, con- 

tenant un Abrege de l'Histoire Romaine. Par E. J." Complete 
pack of 48, with sheet of " Regies du Jeu," belonging to the same 
series as the last. Published by Yanackere at Lille, and Mcolle 
at Paris. In pasteboard case. 
4 x 2f in. 

169. Roman Emperors. " Dixieme Jeu de Cartes Instructives, con- 

tenant un Abrege de l'Histoire des Empereurs . . . chez A. A. 
Renouard, Paris." Complete pack of 47, with sheet of " Regies 
du Jeu," belonging to the same series as the last. Published 
by A. Renouard and Nicolle, Paris. In pasteboard case. 
4 x 2| in. 

170. English History. "Huitieme Jeu de Cartes Historiques, con- 

tenant un Abrege de l'Histoire d'Angleterre . . . Par. M. E. J." 
Complete pack of 46, with sheet of " Avis au Peres," belonging to 
the same series as the last, with medallion portraits of the 
sovereigns. Published by A. Renouard and Nicolle, Paris. In 
pasteboard case. 
4 x 2| in. 

171. French History. "Second Jeu de Cartes Historiques, contenant 

un Abrege de l'Histoire de la Monarchic Francaise . . . Par M. 
E. J." Complete pack of 48, with sheet of "Regies du Jeu," 
belonging to the same series as the last. Published by Yanac- 
kere at Lille, and Nicolle at Paris. In pasteboard case. 
4 x 2f in. 



FRENCH CARDS. 71 

172. French History ; c. 1840. " Jeu de Cartes de l'Histoire de France, 

par un Professeur d'Histoire." Complete pack of 30, giving 
portraits of the kings, queens and heroes of France from Phara- 
mond to Louis Philippe. Twelve of the cards (representing the 
court cards of the ordinary pack) are whole length figures of 
Charlemagne, Henri IY, Louis XIY, Napoleon, Blanche de 
Castille, Catherine de Medicis, Anne of Austria, Richelieu, 
Jeanne d'Arc, Duguesclin, Bayard and Bonaparte. Each of the 
remaining cards contains four bust portraits in colours, on a gold 
ground. On the backs are printed accounts of the personages. 
On an extra card is the " Regie du Jeu." In decorated paste- 
board case, on one | side of which is the above title^ and on the 
other an advertisement of other educational packs of the same 
character. 

3f x 2J in. 

173. Geography. "Jeu de Cartes Geographique, orne de figures 

gravees avec soin et representant les differens peuples de la terre . . . 
Par E. Jouy. Sixieme Jeu." Complete pack of 48, with sheet 
of "Avis" and map, belonging to the same series as No. 171. 
Published by Yanackere at Lille, and Nicolle at Paris. In paste- 
board case. 

4J x 2| in. 

174. Geography. Departments of France; early 19th century. Im- 

perfect pack, numbered 1-86 (9, 13 and 20 missing) with one 
unnumbered. The principal part of each piece is occupied by 
a map of one of the departments of France, placed on a trophy 
of emblems representing its chief industries, with some lines of 
description below. Coloured. Backs plain. 

5| X 3i in. 

175. Natural History, 1808. Imperfect pack of 45 (wanting No. 13), 

belonging to the same series as No. 173. An extra card contains 
the "Regie du Jeu," and the address of the publisher, A. A. 
Renouard, Paris, 1808. In red pasteboard case. 
4J x 2* in. 

176. Music. " Douzieme Jeu de Cartes Instructives. Musique." Com- 

plete pack of 48, belonging to the same series as the last. Pub- 
lished by A. Renouard and Nicolle, Paris. In pasteboard case. 

4 x 2f in. 

177. Reading. " Premier Jeu de Cartes Instructives. Lecture." Imper- 

fect pack of 46 (wanting Nos. 7 and 47), belonging to the same 
series as the preceding. Published by A. Renouard and Nicolle, 
Paris. In pasteboard case. 
4 x 2| in. 



72 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

178. Alphabet. Pack of 42, each having a letter of the French alphabet 

(capital and lower case) within a broad rectangular ornamental 
border. Of most of the card3 there are duplicates, but three 
letters (K, X and Y) are wanting. Backs decorated with diagonal 
rows of square black dots. 

3f x 2J in. 

179. Alphabet with costumes ; modern. A double pack (all the cards 

being in duplicate) of 64, coarsely executed and coloured, each 
having a whole length figure in some national costume, with a 
capital letter in the upper left corner. On some is the name 
"David a Paris," and on the T card is "Typ. Yert Freres, 8 rue 
Francois-Mirou." Coloured. Unmounted. 

3i X 2 in. 

180. "Alphabet Militaire " ; c. 1840. Complete pack of 25, each 

having a subject of military life, with a capital letter above, 
as: — "A. Ambulance," "B. Bivouac," etc. Coloured. Backs 
plain. In pasteboard case, on which is the title with a vignette 
of a soldier teaching a boy. 

3J X 2J in. 

181. Theatrical characters; 18th century. Sixteen cards, each 

divided diagonally, and having two demi-figures of characters 
in Moliere's "Malade Imaginaire" and other plays. On one 
("L' Amour en capuchon — Pierrot Charlatant ' ) is "a Paris chez 
Mondbave et Jea — ", and on another (" Le Pere Clus — Dragons ") 
is " rue St. Jean de Beauvais." Backs decorated with a coloured 
pattern of rosettes, etc. 

3| x 2J in. 

182. Theatrical characters. Another set of the same cards, with a 

different pattern on the backs. 

183. "Jeu des Chevaliers " ; c. 1820. A pack of 10 large and 50 

small cards ; on the former are whole length figures of men in 
the costumes of different European orders of knighthood, and to 
each of these belong 5 of the small cards, all bearing the arms of 
the knight's country displayed on a banner. Coloured. Backs 
plain. In pasteboard case which bears the title, with figures of a 
mediaeval and a modern knight, and the address " Paris, Gide fils, 
Rue St. Marc-Feydeau No. 20." 

5| x 3iin.; 3J x 2f in. 



FRENCH CARDS. 73 



(b.) For Cartomancy. 

184. Marriage ; c. 1820. Complete pack of 48, with subjects illustrating 

a marriage and its attendant circumstances. With numbers and 
titles:— "No. 1. La Pretendue," "No. 2. Le Pretendu," etc. 
Coloured. Backs decorated with a blue check pattern. 

3i x 2J in. 

185. Cagliostro's "L'Avenir Devoile," c. 1790. Modern reproduction 

of the pack of 40 fortune-telling cards invented by Joseph 
Balsamo, known as Cagliostro. With small sheet of explanatory 
text. Backs mottled in dark blue. In pasteboard case, which 
has on the outside a repetition of No. 37, " Pertes depouillement 
Voleurs." 

3k X 2 in. 

186. Mile. LenormancTs " Cartes de Bonne Aventure ; " recent. Com- 

plete pack of 36, each having a fanciful subject, in chromo- 
lithography, with a statement of its signification on a tablet above. 
Backs decorated with a panel, in centre of which are the initials 
B. D. In cardboard case ; with small book of explanations. 
3| x 2J in. 

187. " Maniere de deviner le nom et Tage d'une Dame." Set of 

seven cards on which are printed lists of female christian names ; 
with an extra card of " Explication " signed Frenal. Backs plain. 
3 x 2 in. 

188. Names of Men. Set of seven cards similar to the preceding, but 

with male instead of female names. The card of " Explication " 
is wanting. 

3 x 2f in. 

189. Questions and Answers; c. 1850. Pack of 24, consisting of 

12 questions and 12 answers, which are written in French, 
German and English, and humorously illustrated, e.g. " 1. Aimez 
vous la chasse % " " 1. Lorsque le temps est bon." Question No. 3 
is taken from another pack. Coloured. Backs plain. 
4J x 2J in. 

190. " Les Grecs et les Tares ; Jeu-Probleme " ; modern. Twenty-nine 

of a pack of 30, with figures in Greek and Turkish costumes, 15 
of each. No. 5 of the Greeks is wanting. Coloured. Backs plain. 
In cardboard case on which is a representation of a ship with a 
man being thrown into the sea. 
3 x If in. 



74 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

191. "Gil Bias" ; c. 1800. Set of 25 engraved cards illustrating Le 

Sage's " Gil Bias." Each card has one subject with explanation 
below. Coloured. Backs decorated with a pattern of stars and 
crosses, in blue. In pasteboard case. 

4J x 2f in. 

192. " Le Jeu des Calembourgs "; c. 1820. Thirty-one of a pack of 32 

cards, each bearing a subject which is a conundrum or play upon 
words, the explanations being given on three additional cards. 
No. 30 ("Le Siege de Troie") is missing, but a repetition of it 
is given on the pasteboard case, with the title and the address of 
the publisher, " Alph. Giroux, Bue du Coq St. Honore No. 17, a 
Paris." 

3f x 2f in. 

193. Set of 10 small cards, six of which are numbered 1-6 with spots, 

as in dominoes ; the remaining four have figures of ladies and 
gentlemen in fancy costumes. In cardboard cover. 

H x 1} in. 



GEKMAN. 

Shortly after the introduction of cards from Italy, Germany adopted as 
the national suitmarks Hearts (Herzen), Bells (jSchellen), Leaves (Laub), 
and Acorns (Eicheln), and although in recent times these have been very 
generally superseded by the French suits, hearts, spades, diamonds and 
clubs, they are still used to some extent. 

The oldest German games, LandsJcnecht (Lansquenet), and Karniffel, 
were played with packs of 52, similar to those now used for Whist 9 
Pharaoh, Boston, etc. ; but this number was at an early period reduced 
to 36, and later to 32, to form the PiJcetspiel, which resembles in its 
composition the French piquet pack. Solo, Casco, Skat, and other popular 
games, are played with packs of this kind. 

In true German packs a second knave is substituted for the queen, the 
two knaves being called Obermann and TJntermann (abbreviated into Ober 
and Unter), and the 2 (Bans) takes the place of the ace. The pip cards 
are usually decorated with vignettes of domestic groups, animals, etc. 

Tarot packs have been and are still largely used in the southern 
parts of Germany. Previous to the present century these had Italian 
suitmarks and atouts of the traditional Italian type, but in modern packs 
the French suitmarks are substituted, and the atouts have fanciful and 
meaningless designs, frequently subjects of natural history. 



GERMAN CARDS, 75 



I.— WITH NATIONAL SUITS. 

(a.) Packs of 48. 

1. Stukeley's Cards. The well-known set, of which no other example 

is known, discovered in the binding of a fifteenth century book, 
and given by Dr. Thomas Kawlinson to Dr. Stukeley, who ex- 
hibited it to the Society of Antiquaries in 1763. It is a 52 card 
pack minus the aces. Mounted in a volume having the bookplates 
of Mark Cephas Tutet and W. H. Crawford, of Lakelands, the 
former of whom purchased the cards at the Stukeley sale in 1766 
(see Chatto, p. 205). 

2i x If in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 75-78.] 

2. Stukeley's Cards. A set of water-colour copies of the preceding 

pack ; bound in a similar volume, at the end of which are ten of 
the twelve court cards of an early French pack. 

3. Nuremberg; early 16th century. F. C. Z. A modern fraudulent 

imitation of the extremely rare pack described by Chatto 
(p. 236) and Willshire (p. 199), which is now accepted as the 
work of Peter Flotner (see Lange's " Peter Flotner," 1897, p. 27). 
The cards are all drawn with pen and ink on artificially discoloured 
paper, and carefully coloured and gilded. The set is complete, but 
the subjects on the four aces are replaced by the arms of the Duke 
of Modena, elaborately blazoned. Backs plain. 

3f X 2| in. 

[For reproductions of the imperfect sets of the original woodcuts 
preserved at Paris and Berlin, see the volume published by the 
Societe des Bibliophiles Francais, 1844, and Hirth's "Grands Illus- 
trateurs," etc., II, 756.] 

4. Place of issue uncertain. Johann Gottrichter; 18th century (?) 

Complete pack, coarsely coloured with stencils. Each suit consists 
of two knaves, queen, king, and numerals 2-9. The court cards 
are figures in sixteenth century costumes, the kings on horseback. 
The deuce of hearts bears the imperial eagle and a German duty 
stamp. On the deuce of acorns is the name " Joh. Gottrichter," and 
on that of bells " Hans Casper Feitzinger Formschneiter." Backs 
decorated with a pattern of black and white squares. 

Si x li in. 

5. Frankfort a/M. C. L. Wiist ; modern. Gargel cards. Complete 

double-ended pack consisting of 24 cards in duplicate. Each suit 



CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 



is composed of deuce, 7, 10, two knaves and king. On the deuce 
of hearts is " C. L. Wiist, Frankfort a/M.", with the German 
imperial excise stamp. Backs decorated with a plaid pattern. 

3| x 2J in. 

6. Augsburg (?) ; modern. Gargel cards. Complete pack, similar in 

composition to the last, but not double-ended. On the 7 of 
hearts is the excise stamp of the province of Schwaben-und- 
Neuberg. Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern in blue and 
white. 

3| x 2 in. 

7. Place of issue uncertain ; modern. Gargel cards. Imperfect pack 

(wanting one of the kings of hearts), similar in composition to the 
last, but with different designs. On the deuce of hearts is a 
public statue, and on that of bells a female placing fruit on an 
altar. No inscriptions. Backs decorated with a zig-zag pattern of 
blue dots. 

Si x 2J in. 

(&.) Packs of 36. 

8. Augsburg. J. G. Bollwagen; early 19th century. Complete pack, 

engraved and coloured; illustrated throughout with views and 
costumes of Augsburg. On the 7 of hearts is " J. G. Rollwagen 
burgerl — Kartenfabrikant in Augsburg," and on the 8 " Sehr feine 
Spielkarten mit Ansichten der merkwiirdigsten Gebaude, Bruiien 
und Umgebungen von Augsburg." The 7 of hearts bears the 
excise stamp of the province of Schwaben-und-Neuberg. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of blue stars. In original wrapper 
lettered " Sehr feine Deutsche Kupfer Karten." 
3| x 2* in. 

9. Bavaria; modern. Complete double-ended pack of the ordinary 

type. On the deuce of acorns is the Bavarian lion, and on that of 
leaves the electoral eagle. The deuce of hearts bears the Bavarian 
excise stamp. No inscriptions. Backs decorated with a plaid 
pattern. 

3| x 2J in. 

10. Frankfort a/M. B. Dondorf ; recent. Complete pack, executed 

in chromolithography. The court cards have figures in historical 
costumes, and on the deuces are an eagle, a lion, a wild boar and a 
stag. The deuce of hearts is lettered " B. Dondorf, Frankfort a. M." 
Backs decorated with a geometrical pattern, in blue. In card- 
board case. 

3f x 2| in. 



GERMAN CARDS. 11 



11. Frankfort a/M. J. A. Steinberger; modern. Complete pack, 

with figures in historical costumes on the court cards, and emblems 
of the four seasons on the deuces. The 7 of hearts is inscribed 
"Fabricirt von J. A. Steinberger in Frankfort a/M." Backs 
decorated with a dotted pattern of crosses and circles, in brown. 

3| x 2J in. 

12. Leipsic. M. Henze ; modern. Complete pack, illustrated through- 

out with subjects from Weber's opera "Der Freischutz." On the 
8 of hearts is "Leipsig, M. Henze sonst Industrie Comptoir." 
Backs decorated with a pattern of stars. 

3| x 2* in. 

13. Leipsic. M. Henze ; modern. " Schwerter Karte." Complete 

pack, engraved and coloured. The court cards have figures in 
historical costumes, and the deuces of acorns and leaves bear the 
arms of Saxony. The former is inscribed " Extra feine Schwerter 
Karte," and the 8 of hearts has a shield lettered " M. Henze in 
Leipzig." Backs mottled blue. 

4J x 2£ in. 

14. Leipsic. G. Thieme; c. 1875. " Deutsche Reichs Karte." Com- 

plete pack, having full-length portraits of living German sovereigns 
and statesmen on the court cards, and views of German cities on 
the pip cards. The deuce of acorns has the arms of the German 
empire with ribbon inscribed " Deutsche Reichs Karte," and the 8 
of hearts is inscribed " G. Thieme in Leipzig." The deuce of hearts 
bears the imperial excise stamp. Backs decorated with a plaid 
pattern. In cardboard case. 

4x2| in. 

15. Leipsic. C. H. Zoetcke. Battle of Leipsic, 1813. Complete 

pack, having portraits of generals on the court cards, and incidents 
connected with the battle on the pip cards. The deuce of hearts 
bears the inscription "La Belle Alliance. Erinnerung an die 
grosse Yolkerschlacht bei Leipzig d. 16, 17, 18 u. 19 Octob. 
1813;" on the 8 of hearts is "Carl Heinrich Zotcke in Leipzig," 
and on the deuce of acorns " C. H. Zoetcke in Leipzig." Backs 
decorated with a pattern of red dots. Edges gilt. In cardboard 
case. 

3f x 2i in. 

16. Leipsic. Industrie Comptoir; modern. " Bergmanns-Karte." 

Complete pack illustrating the silver and cobalt mining industry 
of Saxony. The court cards are figures of various officials and 
workmen connected with the mines, and on the pip cards are 
vignettes showing the details of the work. On the deuces are the 



78 CATALOGUE OF CARDS, 

devices and arms of the towns of Freiberg, Annaberg, Schneeberg 
and Marienberg. The 6 of acorns has a tablet inscribed " Feine 
Bergmanns-Karte," and on the 7 of hearts are the words " Industrie 
Comptoir Leipzig." Backs decorated with a pattern of cross lines 
formed of dots in black. In original wrapper. 

4 x2| in. 

17. Leipsic. Industrie Comptoir ; modern. " Jagd-Karte." Complete 

pack illustrating the sports of hunting and shooting. The knaves 
are figures of sportsmen, the deuces bear heads of animals, and the 
vignettes on the pip cards represent various birds and beasts. On 
the 6 of acorns is " Industrie-Comptoir in Leipzig." The deuce of 
hearts bears an excise stamp. Backs decorated with the same 
pattern as the preceding. In original wrapper lettered " Feine 
Deutsche Jagd-Karte." 
3f x 2 in. 

18. Leipsic. Industrie Comptoir; modern. War of 1810-15. Im- 

perfect engraved pack of 34, illustrating the war against Napoleon 
which terminated at Waterloo. The kings are portraits of con- 
temporary sovereigns ; the upper knaves portraits of generals, 
including Wellington and Bliicher ; and the lower knaves figures of 
common soldiers. The vignettes on the pip cards commemorate 
the leading incidents of the war. A tablet on the 7 of hearts is 
inscribed " Industrie Comptoir." Un coloured and unmounted. 
The missing cards are the deuces of acorns and leaves. 

3# X 2 in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 151-2.] 

19. Leipsic. Industrie Comptoir ; modern. Complete engraved pack, 

with fancy and emblematical figures on both the court and pip 
cards. Those on the deuces are " Freude," " Gltick," " Ungliick " 
and " Hoffnung." Every card has at the bottom a title in German 
and (?) Czeck. On a tablet on the 7 of hearts is " Industrie 
Comptoir in Leipzig." The 7 of bells bears an excise stamp. Backs 
decorated with a small pattern in black. 

3f X 2i in. 

20. Leipsic. Industrie Comptoir ; modern. " Schwerdter Karte." 

Complete pack, of the ordinary type. The deuces of hearts, acorns 
and leaves bear the arms of Saxony, and that of bells has a group 
of two lovers surprised by a man. On the deuce of acorns is a 
ribbon inscribed "Feine Schwerdter Karte," and on the 8 of 
hearts is " Industrie Comptoir in Leipzig." Backs mottled brown. 
In original wrapper lettered " Feine Deutsche Schwerter-Karte 
von Industrie Comtoir in Leipzig." 

3f X 2i in. 



GEBMAN CARDS. 79 



21. Leipsic. Industrie Comptoir ; modern. " Schwerdter Karte." 

Complete pack, similar in all respects to the last, but printed 
from different blocks. The inscription on the deuce of acorns is 
" Neue Schwerdter-Karte." Backs mottled blue. In original 
wrapper. 

22. Leipsic. Industrie Comptoir; modern. Complete child's pack, 

with figures of children playing with various toys and games on 
the pip cards. The 8 of hearts is inscribed " Industrie Comptoir 
in Leipzig." Backs decorated with a pattern of red dots. In 
pasteboard box. 
2 x 1| in. 

23. Munich. J. Fetscher; early 19th century. Complete engraved 

pack, with historical characters on the court cards, " Bitter 
Bayard," " Kuno von Kyberg," " Herzog Burgund," etc. The deuce 
of hearts has the arms of Munich arranged as a trophy, and on 
the 8 is " Joseph Fetscher Kartenfabricant in Munchen." Backs 
decorated with a pattern of red circles and stars. 
3| x 2J in. 

24. Munich. J. Fetscher; 19th century. Complete pack of the 

Bavarian type. The king of bells supports a cartouche charged 
with the arms of Bavaria, and that of hearts a similar cartouche 
bearing the maker's mark and initials. On the 8 of hearts is 
" Joseph Fetsch b. Karten-fabricant in Munchen." The 7 of 
hearts bears a duty stamp. Backs decorated with a pattern of 
blue spots. 

3| x 2 in. 

25. Munich. J. Frey; early 19th century. Complete pack, coarsely 

executed ; similar to the last, the court cards and many of the 
vignettes being identical. On the 8 of hearts is " J. Frey, Send- 
lengerst. No. 5 Munchen." Backs decorated with a pattern of blue 
spots. 

4 x 2 in. 

26. Munich. A. B. Gobi; late 18th century. Complete engraved 

pack of the Bavarian type. The deuce of leaves has the device of 
a phoenix, and that of hearts a sacrificial altar. On the 7 of leaves 
is " Andre Benedict Gobi," and on the 8 " Kurbairische fein deische 
Ciichel Karden gesigelt den." Backs decorated with a pattern of 
blue stars. 

3£ x 24 in. 

27. Munich. C. Gobi; early 19th century. Complete pack, of the 

Bavarian type ; very coarsely executed and coloured. On the 8 of 
hearts is " Caj. Gobi in der Sendlenger Strasse N. 5 in Munchen. 
Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern in red and blue. 
£i X 2 in. 



80 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

28i Munich. I. H. ; 19th century. Complete pack, similar in all 
respects to No. 24, except that the initials on the king of hearts 
are I. H., and the 8 of hearts bears the arms of Munich with the 
same initials. On the latter card is also the Bavarian excise stamp. 
Backs decorated with an acorn pattern 
3| x 2^ in. 

29. Neuburg. J. Arnold. Complete pack, of the Bavarian type. On 

the 8 of hearts is a monument decorated with a sphinx and inscribed 
u Joseph Arnold in Neuberg." Backs mottled red. 
3£ x 2J in. 

30. Neuburg. V. Arnold, 1819. Freiherr v. Aretin's historical cards. 

Imperfect pack (wanting the 4 sixes, on which the subjects of all 
the pieces are noted) of the usual type, etched on stone, with 
vignettes on the numerals representing incidents in the history of 
Bavaria. The knaves are in national costumes and the king of 
acorns represents the dying Elector Maximilian III, who expired 
on 30 Dec, 1777. On the deuce of hearts is a military trophy 
with " Bei Victoria Arnold Kartenfabricantin zu Neuburg an der 
Donau. In comission bei I. Lorenz Rugendas zu Augsburg." The 
suitmarks only are coloured. Backs decorated with a pattern of 
blue stars. 

[For another set of these cards, which includes three of the sixes, 
see German Sheets, No. 15.] 

Si x 2 in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 135-8.] 

%* The pack should be accompanied by a book entitled: " Yater- 
landsche Erinnerungen bey Gelegenheit der neu herausgegeben teut- 
schen Spielkarten fiir das bayrische Yolk. Yon Christoph Freyh. v. 
Aretin," 1819. 

31. Neustadt. E. Doll ; early 19th century. Complete pack, of the 

ordinary type, without any vignettes on the pip cards. On the 6 
of hearts are the arms of Bavaria and Nuremberg, with " Emil 
Doll in Neustadt " ; on the deuce of acorns the Bavarian lion 
supporting the arms of Nuremberg ; and on the deuce of leaves the 
arms of Bavaria, with a man writing on a tablet " Der 18 Oct. 
1813 " (the date of the battle of Leipsic). Backs decorated with 
a pattern of black crosses. 
3| x 21 in. 

32. Nuremberg. J. E. Backofen; early 19th century. Complete 

pack, identical in subjects and designs with No. 19, but printed 
from different plates and having the titles in German and French. 
The tablet on the 7 of hearts is inscribed " Joh. Ernst Backofen in 
Nurnberg S. No. 760." The drapery on the 6 of acorns bears the 
engraver's name " J. "Wolf sc." Backs decorated with a blue 
diagonal pattern. 
3| X 2 in. 



GERMAN CARDS. 81 



33. Nuremberg. J. M. Backofen; late 18th century. Complete 

pack, in which queens take the place of upper knaves. At the 
bottom of each card is a question or answer in German. On the 7 
of leaves is a scroll inscribed " Karten nach der Mode," and on the 
8 is one inscribed " Yerfertiget von Joh. Matth. Backoffen Ntirn- 
berg." The deuce of hearts has an altar (or sun-dial) bearing 
the maker's trade-mark. On the deuce of leaves is a balloon 
ascent, and on that of bells are the arms of Nuremberg. Backs 
mottled red. With original wrapper. 
3| x 2i in. 

34. Nuremberg. I. L. Dietz ; modern. Complete pack, with 

humorous and fanciful figures, in the style of the early Nuremberg 
artists, on the court cards. The deuce of acorns has a view of 
Nuremberg with a scroll inscribed " Nurnberger Tand geht durch's 
ganze Land " ; that of leaves the arms of Bavaria ; that of bells a 
wild boar; and that of hearts demi-figures of two lovers. The 
6 of hearts is inscribed, "I. L. Dietz in Nurnberg." Backs 
decorated with a black and red pattern. 

Si X 21 in. 

35. Nuremberg. E. Jegel ; modern. Complete pack, of the Bavarian 

type. The deuce of hearts has a lady adorning a monument ; that 
of bells a temple with altar ; that of acorns a lady standing by an 
altar ; and that of leaves a double-headed eagle on a military 
trophy. The 8 of leaves is inscribed " Ernst Jegel in Nurnberg." 
The deuce of hearts bears an excise stamp. Backs decorated 
with a red pattern. 

4 x 2| in. [S. Yol. II, pi. 126.] 

36. Nuremberg. G. Pommer, 1830. German history. Complete 

pack having historical characters on the court cards, emblematical 
figures of rivers,, etc., on the deuces, and uncoloured engraved vig- 
nettes of incidents in the history of Germany on the other pip cards. 
The upper knave of leaves holds a paper inscribed " Nurnberg . . . 
G. Pommer rad. d. 3 April 1830," and a similar inscription is on 
a paper held by two figures in the vignette on the 8 of bells. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of red dots. 
4 x 2f in. 

37. Nuremberg. C H. Reuter; 19th century. Imperfect pack of 

28, similar in all respects to No. 31, except that the inscription 
on the 6 of hearts is " C. H. Reuter in Nurnberg." The deuce of 
hearts bears an excise stamp. The missing cards are the 8 and 
lower knave of hearts, the 6-9 and lower knave of bells, and the 
8 of acorns. Backs mottled red. 

3| x 2| in. [S. Yol. II, pi. 125.] 

G 



82 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

38. Nuremberg. C H. Reuter; recent. Complete pack of the 

common kind, the knaves being figures in modern dress. The 
king of hearts has a shield inscribed " Christ. Heiner. Reuter," and 
the king of leaves another inscribed "in Nurnberg No. 981." On 
the 7 of hearts a figure of Plenty supports an oval tablet inscribed 
"Karten Fabricant." Backs decorated with a zigzag pattern of 
red dots. 

3| x 21 in. 

39. Nuremberg. C. H. [Reuter] ; 19th century. "Schwerter Karte." 

Imperfect pack of 26, of the common kind ; coarsely executed and 
coloured. On the deuce of leaves are the arms of Saxony, and those 
of acorns and hearts have also coats of arms. Within a wreath on 
the 8 of hearts is " Chr. Heinr. Nurnberg." The ace of acorns 
bears the title "Feine Schwerter Karte." The missing cards are 
the 6 and 7 of hearts andleaves, and the 6, 7 and 8 of bslls and 
acorns. Backs mottled red. 

4£ x 2| in. 

40. Strasburg. Yander Heyden, 1640 (?). Complete engraved pack, 

uncoloured, said to have been issued at Strasburg by Yander 
Heyden about 1640. The court cards represent the twelve 
months and the deuces the four seasons, and on the remainder 
of the pip cards are various domestic and humorous incidents. 
Each card has at the top a facetious German verse of four lines 
referring to the subject. Backs decorated with a star pattern in 
brown. 

3| x 2f in. [S. Yol. II, pi. 103-4.] 

41. Vienna. J. Glanz ; modern. Complete pack of the common kind, 

double-ended and without any subjects on the pip cards. The 
2 of acorns bears the Austrian arms, and that of bells a lion 
with " Joseph Glanz " on a scroll. Backs decorated with a diagonal 
pattern in red and blue. 

4 x 2f in. 

42. Vienna. J. Glanz ; modern. Same pack as the last ; a later 

edition. Backs decorated with a zigzag pattern in red and brown. 
In original wrapper. 

43. Vienna. J. Glanz, 1865. Complete pack, double-ended, the 

court cards having figures of g historical characters, Attila, Scander- 
beg, Corvinus, etc. On the deuce of hearts is the Austrian crown, 
on that of bells a river-god ; on that of acorns the Austrian eagle ; 
and on that of leaves the arms of Hungary. The upper knave of 
acorns is inscribed "Josef Glanz in Wien. Mederlage in Wien 



GERMAN CARDS. 83 



Kohlmarkt No. 279." The 7 of hearts bears an excise stamp 
and also that of the maker with the date. Backs decorated with 
a pattern of small stars in brown. 

3f X 2* in. 

44. Vienna. J. Glanz ; recent. Complete pack of the ordinary type. 

On the deuce of acorns is "Feine deutsche Karten. Jos. Glanz in 
Wien, Niederlage Kohlmarkt No. 279." Backs decorated with 
a zigzag pattern in brown and red. In original wrapper lettered 
" Patent Karte," etc., with the maker's address. 

3f X 21 in. 

45. Vienna. J. G. Uffenheimer ; 1827. Complete pack of the 

ordinary type, with military figures on the knaves. On the 6 of 
leaves is an altar inscribed " J. G. Uffenheimer in Guntramsdorf. 
Niederlage in Wien am Peter No. 562." The 7 of hearts bears 
the maker's stamp with date 1827. Backs decorated with a small 
brown pattern. 

3f x 2* in. 

46. Place of issue uncertain. G. P. ; 19th century. Complete 

pack of the common kind, with emblematical trophies on the 
deuces. That of hearts has the arms of Bavaria ; that of acorns 
the arms of Austria with the initials G. P. ; and that of bells a 
figure of Fame with the G. P. on an obelisk. The king of leaves 
also has the same initials. Backs decorated with a diagonal 
pattern in brown. 

3} X 2J in. 

47. Place of issue uncertain; 19th century. Complete engraved 

pack of the usual type, with trophies of military and other 
implements on the deuces. No inscriptions. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of blue dots. 

3f x 2i in. 

48. Place of issue uncertain; 19th century. Another pack of the 

same cards as the last ; later edition, more highly coloured. Backs 
decorated with a plaid pattern. 

3| x 2£ in. 

49. Place of issue uncertain; 1846. Complete pack of the common 

kind. On the deuce of leaves is the imperial eagle, and on that of 
acorns the Bavarian lion supporting a shield charged with a 
merchant's mark. The throne of the king of leaves bears the 
date 1846. Backs decorated with a plaid pattern. 

3| X 2£ in. 

G 2 



84 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

50. Place of issue uncertain. Imperfect pack of 82, of the usual 

type, but without subjects on the pip cards ; coarsely executed. 
The deuce of leaves has the arms of Bavaria, with a man seated 
writing on a tablet which bears the letter I. The missing cards 
are the deuce and 6 of hearts, the upper knave of bells, and the deuce 
of acorns. Backs decorated with a blue and white pattern. 

3} x 2J in. 

51. Place of issue uncertain ; 19 th century. Imperfect engraved 

pack of 24, of the usual type, uncoloured. On the deuce of 
hearts is a cartouche charged with an eagle, and on that of bells 
a peasant driving a pig. No inscriptions. The missing cards are 
the 8, 9, and two knaves of hearts ; the 7-10 of bells ; the 
7 and 8 of acorns ; and the two knaves of leaves. Backs plain. 

3| x 2J in. 

52. Place of issue uncertain; 19th century. Complete miniature 

pack, without subjects on the pip cards or inscriptions. The deuce 
of acorns has the arms of Bavaria. Backs pink, with a flower 
pattern. 

1| x 1 in. 

53. Place of issue uncertain ; 18th century. Imperfect miniature 

pack of 33 (apparently made up from three different packs), of 
the usual type, with borders ; coarsely executed. On the deuce of 
acorns is the Bavarian lion with a blank scroll. No inscriptions. 
The 6 of hearts, upper knave of acorns, and deuce of leaves are 
missing, and there is a second 6 of leaves. Backs marbled. 

II x If in. 

54. Place of issue uncertain; late 18th century. Twelve uncoloured 

pieces from a pack of (probably) 36, of the usual type, viz., — the 
6-10 of hearts, the 9 and 10 of bells, and the 6-10 of acorns. On 
the 6 of hearts is a man with a basket, resting, and on the 8 a 
raree showman. Backs plain. 

3| x 2 in. 

55. Place of issue uncertain; late 17th century. Complete engraved 

pack with emblematical and social figures on the court cards and 
deuces, and domestic subjects on the other pip cards. The kings 
are figures of Love, Folly, Bacchus and Spring. Every card has its 
name or number at the top and a German quatrain at the 
bottom. The deuce of hearts bears the engraver's name, " Azelt sc." 
Coloured. Backs marbled in blue and brown. 

4 x 2£ in. 



GERMAN CARDS. 85 



56. Place of issue uncertain; late 17th century. Fourteen cards 

belonging to an engraved pack of (probably) 36, viz., — the 8 and 
upper knave of hearts; the deuce, 8 and king of bells; the 6, 7, 
8 and 10 of acorns ; and the deuce, 8, 10, lower knave and king 
of leaves. The suitmarks are arranged in a row at the top of each 
card, the field of which is occupied by a well engraved fancy 
composition, with a German verse of four lines below. The kings 
represent the four quarters of the globe, the deuces the four 
seasons, the knaves and tens the twelve months. The suitmarks 
only are coloured. Backs plain. 

4 x 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 105.] 

57. Place of issue uncertain; 18th century. Four cards from an 

engraved pack of (probably) 36, the fields of which are occupied 
by figures of itinerant traders, with the titles in German and 
French below, and the suitmarks arranged in rows above. The 
cards are the 6 of hearts (Kramerbeer), the lower knave of bells 
(Kohla, Kohla), the 8 of leaves (Holder, Holder), and the king of 
leaves (Kramabeer Seltz). Coloured. Backs plain. 

3£ x 2| in. 

58. Place of issue uncertain ; early 18th century. Defeat of the 

Turks by the Germans. Engraved pack, complete, with satirical 
designs referring to the wars between Turkey and Germany. The 
ace of hearts represents the Sultan in the clutches of the German 
eagle ; that of bells, Time and Death playing at cards ; that of 
acorns, the coffin of Mahomet ; that of leaves, Death seizing the 
Sultan. On the 10 of hearts is represented the siege of Belgrade 
(! that by Prince Eugene in 1717). At the bottom of each card 
is a German couplet, and at the top a single suitmark with a 
numeral or name to indicate its value. Coloured. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of sprigs of red flowers. 

3i X 2| in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 129, 130.] 

59. Place of issue uncertain ; early 18th century. Another pack of 

the same cards, uncoloured and imperfect, wanting the king of 
hearts, the 6 of acorns, and the 7 of leaves. 



60. Geography of Bavaria ; early 19th century. Complete pack of 
printed instructive cards, giving geographical and historical details 
of the kingdom of Bavaria. The value of each card is indicated 
by a single suitmark with a numeral or initial letter. The suit- 
marks are coloured. Backs decorated with a small blue pattern. 

4 X 2| in. 



86 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

61. Proverbs; 18th century. Complete pack published by Johanii 
Conrad Stapff, Augsburg. Each card has in the centre a proverb 
or motto in Latin and German, with a well engraved illustration 
to it ; at the top is a suitmark with its value, and at the bottom a 
German verse of four lines. On the ace of leaves is the publisher's 
name. The suitmarks only are coloured. Backs plain. 

4 x 2f in. 



(c.) Packs of 32. 

62. Berlin. Baumgartner; early 19th century. Complete pack, with 

fanciful trophies on the deuces. That of hearts has a basket of 
flowers in the centre, that of bells a ship at sea, and that of leaves 
a dog's head. On the 8 of hearts is "bei Baumgartner in Berlin," 
and on the deuce of acorns the initial B. The deuce of hearts bears 
the excise stamp. Backs decorated with a pattern of wavy lines 
of blue dots. In modern morocco case, lettered " Picquet Cards 
—Berlin." 

4 x 2| in. 

63. Berlin. C. A. Miiller ; 19th century. Complete pack. The deuces 

of hearts and acorns have trophies of agricultural and hunting 
implements. The 8 of hearts is inscribed " C. A. Miiller, Berlin." 
Excise stamp on the deuce of hearts. Backs decorated with a 
geometrical pattern in red. 

4x21 in. 

64. Berlin. C. A. Miiller; c. 1840. Complete pack, with views of 

monuments and public buildings in Berlin on the pip cards. The 
knaves are figures of itinerant traders, etc. The deuce of hearts is 
inscribed " C. A. Miiller in Berlin." Backs decorated witha pattern 
of blue stars. 

3| X 2i in. 

65. Dresden. A. Bohme; 18th century. Complete pack, with oriental 

figures on the court cards. The deuce of hearts has an armorial 
shield charged with flowers ; that of bells a figure of Fortune ; 
that of acorns a dolphin ; and that of leaves a bird. The name 
" August Bohme in Dresden " appears on the 8 of bells, and 
the arms of Saxony are on the 9. Backs decorated with a small 
red pattern. 

4x2| in. 

66. Dresden. F. Hemmerichs ; late 18th century. Complete pack 

with subjects referring to Cupid on the deuces. On the 8 of hearts 
is " F. Hemerichs Kartenfabrik in Dresden auf der Breitengasse 



GERMAN CARDS. 87 



No. 65," and the maker's trade-mark also appears on the king of 
hearts. All the cards have a black and white border. The aces 
of hearts, bells, and acorns bear the Saxon excise stamp. Backs 
decorated with a flower pattern in blue. 

3| x 21 in. 

67. Dresden. Sommer andSeupke; 19th century. "Schwerdter Karte." 

Complete pack. On the deuce of acorns is a lion supporting the 
arms of Saxony, with "Neue Schwerdter Karte" on a scroll, and 
"S. & S." on a tablet. The deuce of leaves bears the arms of 
Saxony. A tablet on the 8 of hearts is inscribed "Fabrik von 
Sommer and Seupke in Dresden." Backs marbled. 

H X 2£ in. 

68. Frankfort a/M. Lennhoff and Heuser; recent. "Schwerter 

Karten." Complete pack. On the deuce of acorns is a lion sup- 
porting two armorial shields and a tablet inscribed "L. & H." with 
"Extra feine Schwerterkarten" on a scroll above. The deuce of 
leaves has also a coat of arms. A scroll on the 8 of hearts is 
inscribed " Lennhoff & Heuser Frankfurt." Backs decorated with 
a plaid pattern. 

4 £ x 2 1 in. 

69. Goslar. F. A. Lattmann; 19th century. " Schwerter Karte." 

Complete pack, with views in Saxony on the pip cards, which 
have numbers in the lower corners. On the deuce of acorns is 
a lion supporting two tablets inscribed " F. A. Lattmann, Goslar 
am Harz," with a scroll above lettered " Extra feine Schwerter 
Karte." The deuces of hearts, acorns and leaves bear the arms 
of Saxony. Backs decorated with a plaid pattern. 

4J X 2£ in. 

70. Innsbruck. J. Schoepf; 19th century. Complete pack of the 

common kind. On the deuce of hearts are two excise stamps and 
that of the maker "Jos. Schoepf Innsbruck." Backs decorated 
with a green pattern. 

3f X 24 in. 

71. Kempten. F. J. Leipert; 18th century. Complete pack, very 

rudely executed. The deuce of hearts bears the inscription 
" Privilegirte ordinare Karten im Stifft Kempten " and an 
excise stamp ; and on the 10 of hearts is " Franz Jacob 
Leipert." Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern in blue and 
yellow. 

4 x 2f in. [S. Vol.- II, pi. 92, 9a.] 



88 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

72. Leipsic. F. Leipnitz; recent. "Zwanglose Karte." Complete? 

pack, with satirical etchings referring to German politics and 
newspapers. On the deuce of acorns is a burlesque figure of the 
German empire with a scroll inscribed " Extra zwanglose Karte," 
and on the 8 of hearts " Die Zwanglosen." The deuce of leaves is 
inscribed " Schnellpressendruek v, Fr. Leipnitz Leipzig." Backs 
plain. 

H x 21 in. 

73. Leipsic. J. G. Schulze; early 19th century. "Schwerdter Karte." 

Imperfect engraved pack of 35. On the deuce of acorns is a bear 
supporting the arms of Saxony, with a scroll inscribed " Feine 
Schwerdter Karte," and the same arms appear on the deuce of 
leaves. The 8 of hearts is inscribed " J. G. Schulze in Leipzig." 
The under knave of acorns bears an excise stamp. Backs mottled 
blue. 

4| x 2£ in. 

74. Leipsic. Leipziger Karten Fabrik ; 18th century. Complete 

pack, with figures of gentlemen of the period on the knaves. The 
deuce of hearts has a merchant's mark with the initials L. K. and 
a scroll inscribed " Quod Capitatot Sensils(?); and on the 7 of 
hearts is a cartouche with the words " Nim dich selbst bey der 
Eas" (take thyself by the nose). On the deuce of acorns is a lion 
supporting the arms of Saxony, with scroll inscribed "Leipziger 
Karten Fabrick " ; on that of bells the arms of Saxony ; and 
on that of leaves the cipher L. K. F. All the cards have a 
narrow black and white border. Backs decorated with a check 
pattern in red and white. 

U x 2\ in. 

75. Munich. J. Fetscher; late 18th century. Complete pack, 

similar in every respect to No. 66, but printed from different 
plates. The inscription on the 8 of hearts is " Joseph fetscher b : 
Kartenfabricant in Munchen in der Burggassen," and the initials 
on the king of hearts are J. F. Backs decorated with a small 
pattern in red. 

3f x 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 125.] 

76. Munich. J. Fetscher ; early 19th century. Complete pack, with 

heathen divinities in their cars on the deuces. The 7 of hearts 
has a figure of Fame supporting a tablet on which is the excise 
stamp, and the king of bells is inscribed " Joseph Fetscher Kar- 
tenfabricant." Backs decorated with a pattern of circles and dots 
in red. 

4 x 2J in. 



GERMAN CARDS. 89 



77. Munich. A. B. Gobi; late 18th century. Complete pack, with 
oriental figures on the court cards. The 8 of bells has a cartouche 
inscribed " Andreas Benedict Gobi kartnfabricant in Miinchen," 
and the 9 of bells a lion supporting the arms of Bavaria. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of blue stars. 



78. Munich. C. Gobi; 19th century. Imperfect pack of 29, with 

figures of mediaeval knights on the knaves, river-gods on the 
deuces, and incidents in Bavarian history on the remaining cards. 
The deuce of acorns bears the name " Cajetan Gobi in Miinchen." 
The missing cards are the 7 and king of hearts and the 7 of bells. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of blue stars. 

3f x 2J in. 

79. Munich ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 30, in which the design 

occupies only a portion of the surface of each card, the remainder 
being blank. The king of hearts has the arms of Munich on his 
breast, and on the deuce of hearts is a boar's head in a dish. A 
cartouche on the 7 of hearts is inscribed " Nim dich selbst bey der 
ISTas." The missing cards are the upper knaves of bells and acorns. 
Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern in blue. 

Si x 2J in. 

80. Naumburg. C. T. Sutor; 19th century. Complete pack. On 

the deuce of hearts two naked men support a shield inscribed 
" Fabrik in Naumburg von C. T. Sutor " ; the maker's initials 
appear on the 8 of hearts. The ace of bells has a seated female 
holding a scroll inscribed " Sie wollen ihn nicht haben," and that 
of acorns a figure of Bacchus seated on a wine barrel inscribed 
"Naumburg." Backs decorated with a pattern of red dots in 
circles. 

4x2| in. 

81. Nuremberg. I. S. ; late 18th century. Imperfect miniature pack 

coarsely executed. The 10 of hearts has the initials I. S. on a 
scroll, and the 8 of bells is inscribed " Nurnberg." The arms of 
Nuremberg appear on the ace of bells and on that of acorns is 
the Bavarian lion with the letters I. S. on a scroll. The missing 
cards are the ace of hearts and the 9 and under knave of bells. 
Backs mottled red. 

If x If in. 

82. Prague. M. Ballek; recent. Complete pack of the common kind. 

The deuce of bells has the imperial arms, and on that of acorns is 
a heraldic beast supporting shields of Austria and Prague, with 



90 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

"M. Ballek" on a scroll. The deuce of hearts has the word 
(i Prag " on a scroll. Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern in 
brown. In original wrapper. 

3| x 2\ in. 

83. Prague. J. Wokaun ; 19th century. Complete pack, similar to 

the last and with the same armorial shields. The deuce of acorns is 
inscribed "Jacob Wokaun in Prag." Backs mottled brown. 

3| x 2f in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 125.] 

84. Ratisbon. F. D. Mihler; late 18th century. Complete miniature 

pack. The deuce of hearts has the arms of Bavaria, with the 
words "Franciscus Dominicus" on a scroll, and on that of acorns 
is another scroll inscribed "Mihler." Backs decorated with an 
interlaced pattern in blue. 
If X U in. 

85. Ratisbon. C. F. Schenck, 1764. Imperfect pack of 30. On the 

deuce of hearts is " Christian Friedrich Schenk : zu iinten in Regens- 
burg," and on the 9 of hearts " Diese Kartten findet man bey mir 
Christian Friedrich Schenck in Regensburg 1764." The missing 
cards are the under knaves of acorns and leaves. Backs decorated 
with an interlaced pattern of red, blue and yellow. 

3| x 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 130.] 

86. Stralsund. L. Heideborn ; modern. Complete pack, double- 
ended ; the knaves in modern costumes. On the deuce of hearts 
is " Yereinigte Stralsunder Spielkarten," with the excise stamp ; 
on that of bells " Deutsche Karte, Doppel Figur " ; and on the 
under knave of bells "friiher L. v. d. Osten, L. Heidborn. 
T. Weyener." The under knave of hearts holds a bottle in- 
scribed "Stralsunder 8 s. g." Backs decorated with a plaid 
pattern. [See German Sheets, No. 27.] 

4 x 2| in. 

87. Ulm. I. Bacher; early 19th century. Imperfect pack of 24, with 

knaves in historical costumes. On the ace of leaves is a nymph 
resting a lyre on a pedestal which is inscribed " Irenseus Bacher 
Karten fabricant in Ulm." The missing cards are the 4 eights 
and 4 nines. Backs decorated with an angular pattern of blue 
dots. 

3 J x 2iin. [S. Vol. II, pi. 130.] 

88. Vienna. J. Glanz ; recent. Complete pack, with same designs 

and shields as "No. 82. On the deuce of acorns is " Jos. Glanz in 



GERMAN CARDS. 91 



Wien." The 8 of hearts bears the excise stamp and also that of 
the maker. Backs decorated with a zigzag pattern. In original 
wrapper lettered "Joseph Glanz. F. Bohmisch Deutsche No. 52." 

4 x 2f in. 

89. Vienna. J. Glanz ; recent. Complete pack, similar in all respects 

to the last. On the ace of acorns is " Josef Glanz," and on that of 
hearts " Wien." The 8 of hearts bears the excise stamp and also 
that of the maker. Backs decorated with a pattern of acorns. In 
original wrapper lettered " Mittelfeine Bohmsche No. 54," etc. 

3| x 2| in. 

90. Vienna. J. Glanz ; recent. Complete pack of the common kind. 

The 7 of bells bears a tablet inscribed " Joseph Glanz in Wien." 
Backs mottled purple. 

3| x 21 in. 

91. Vienna. Gebriider Siegl ; modern. Complete pack of the common 

kind. On the 7 of hearts is, in a frame formed of a serpent, 
" Gbd. Siegl, in Wien," and on a cartouche on the 8 of hearts 
" Spiel Karten Fabrik der Gbd. Siegl." Backs decorated with a 
diagonal pattern of fleurs-de-lis. 
Si X 2\ in. 

92. Place of issue uncertain. A. L. S. ; late 18th century. Com- 

plete pack, very coarsely executed. The suitmark of the deuces 
of hearts and bells is enclosed in a wreath, and on the deuce of 
acorns is the Bavarian lion supporting a shield, on which are the 
initials A. L. S., with a blank scroll above. Backs decorated 
with a diagonal pattern of spread-eagles. 

3-| x 2% in. 

93. Place of issue uncertain. Imperfect pack of 20, of the same 

dimensions as the last, and with similar, but better executed, 
designs. No inscriptions. The missing cards are the sevens and 
eights of all the four suits, the deuces of hearts, acorns and leaves, 
and the under knave of bells. Backs mottled. 

94. Place of issue uncertain ; 1577. Imperfect set of 22, apparently 

taken from an old binding; resembling in general design the 
Stukeley cards (see ante, No. 1). The deuces of hearts and bells 
have large scrolls, the former inscribed " Das Karte spil bleibt 
vngewert wo man zu rechter zeit avfhoert," and the latter " Das 
ist im Spil ei grose Kvnst werdo aufhore kan mit Gvnst." On 
the deuce of bells is also a shield charged with a hammer and pick- 
axe in saltire, like that in the Stukeley pack. The date appears 



92 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

on the 10 of bells. Of several cards only fragments have been 
preserved. The missing cards are the 8, upper knave and king of 
hearts ; the 7 of bells ; the ace, 9, under knave and king of acorns, 
and the deuce and 8 of leaves. 

3 x If in. 

95. Place of issue uncertain ; modern. Complete pack of the 
common kind. No inscriptions. Backs decorated with a diagonal 
pattern of acorns. 

3f X 2 in. 



96. Fortune-telling; 1793. Complete engraved pack, numbered 
throughout 1-32 ; every card having at each end a German word 
or sentence indicating good or bad fortune. The ace of bells has 
an impaled coat of arms ; that of hearts an emblem of Love ; that 
of leaves a figure of Fortune ; and that of acorns a bear supporting 
a shield, with a scroll inscribed "Duremouri 1793," probably the 
artist's name. Backs decorated with a pattern of red crosses. 

2f X If in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 118.] 

97. Fortune-telling; early 19th century. Complete pack in which 

the designs, which are of the ordinary kind, occupy only the upper 
portions of the cards, the remainder being filled with type-printed 
German sentences, indicating good or bad fortune. In green 
cardboard case lettered " Gliickskarte." 

3 x 1| in. 

98. Fortune- telling. Imperfect pack of 31, without suitmarks ; 

numbered throughout 1-32. Each card is filled with type-printed 
German sentences, the suit and value being expressed in words. 
In cardboard case lettered "Neue Zieh und Wahrsagerkarte 
No. 64." The missing card is No. 5. 

3| x 2J in. 

99. Fortune- telling. Complete pack, without suitmarks. Each card 

bears three type-printed German sentences and has the suit 
expressed in words at the top, as " Herz-Ass," " Herz YII," etc. 
Backs plain. In pasteboard case. 

31 X 2 in. 

100. Fortune-telling. Imperfect pack of 24, similar to the last, with 

the same sentences printed in a different type. The pack is. 
accompanied by another of 45, on each of which is a German love 
sentiment in prose or verse. In old pasteboard case. 

2f X If in. 



GERMAN CARDS. 93 



101. Bachelor cards. Imperfect pack of 31, in the same style as the 
preceding, having type-printed German verses with the suits and 
values expressed in words. At the top of each card is the title of 
the game, " Junggesellen-Spiel." The missing card is the 7 of 
bells. Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern of square spots 
and dots, in black. 

4| X 2± in. 



(d.) Pack of 20. 

102. "Das Richterspiel oder Wer [ist der Dieb." Complete 
engraved and coloured pack for playing this game. Each suit 
consists of ace, 10, two knaves and king, and the cards are 
numbered 1-20. Each has a fancy figure or subject, with a 
miniature playing card, showing its value, above. With sheet of 
printed directions in French and German. Backs plain. 

21 x 1J in. 



(e.) Pack of 52. 

103. Astronomical. J. P. Andrese, Nuremberg, 1719. Complete 
engraved and coloured pack, with title and frontispiece cards, for 
teaching astronomy. Each card has in the centre a constellation, 
with description below and the suitmarks placed in a row above. 
The frontispiece represents two boys standing by a celestial globe, 
one looking up at the zodiac through .a telescope. The title is : 
" Neu Inventirtes Belehrendes untergotzendes Astronomisches 
Karten Spiel . . . durch, Johann Philipp Andrese . . . Niirnberg in 
verlegung des Authoris Anno 1719." Backs plain. In old 
pasteboard case. 

4f X 3 in. 



(/.) Fragmentary packs and odd cards. 

104. Seven fragments of cards, all belonging to the suit of leaves, taken 

from an old binding ; similar to No. 94. 

105. H. D. ; 1703. Five cards (all badly injured), belonging to two packs 

of the conventional type, viz. — the deuce of hearts, the upper 
knave of acorns, and the knaves and king of leaves. On the 
deuce of hearts are the imperial arms, with the initials H. D., 
and the king of leaves bears the date. Backs decorated with two 
different diagonal patterns in black. 

3| x 2f in. 



94 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

106. A king of leaves belonging to a pack quite similar to the last but 

bearing the date 1710. 

107. An ace of leaves, with a fool playing on the bagpipes. 16th 

century. 

3x21 in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 128.] 

108. An under knave of bells. A fool dancing and throwing up a bell. 

16th century woodcut. 

Bi X 21 in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 102.] 

109. Fragment of a king of acorns ; early. 

110. An early ace of bells, with a man riding on a boar and holding up 

a cup and whip. Back decorated with a diagonal pattern. 

3f x 2J in. 



II.— WITH FANCY SUITS. 

111. Nuremberg (P). Virgil Solis; c. 1540. Ten pieces belonging to 

the well-known pack described by Bartsch (Vol. ix, p. 282) and 
Willshire (p. 217); viz. — the ace, knave, queen and king of 
parrots; the 2, 10 and knave of lions ; the ace of monkeys ; and 
the knave and king of peacocks. 

3f X 2J in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 95-97.] 

112. Nuremberg. Jobst Amman, 1588. A set of the very rare 

cards executed on wood by J. Amman, having as suitmarks 
printer's ink balls, books, metal beakers and glass goblets, and 
published in book form at Nuremberg in 1588. The present set 
is mounted as a pack, the Latin and German inscriptions, which 
in the book are printed below the subjects, being cut off and 
pasted on the backs. The ace of books is missing. (For full 
description see Willshire, p. 221.) 

4| x 2J in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 98-101.] 

113. Nuremberg (?). Erhard Schoen : c. 1540. Four cards belonging 

to a pack executed on wood, probably from designs by E. Schoen ; 
viz. — the deuce and 9 of roses, the 7 of leaves, and the 10 of pome- 
granates. On the deuce of roses are the arms of Nuremberg, on 
the 7 of leaves a group of foxes and geese, and on the 10 of pome- 
granates a female warrior. 

Sh X 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 102.] 



GERMAN CARDS. 95 



114. A knave of shields; 16th century. Figure of a peasant holding 

a military flail, engraved somewhat in the style of Beham ; beside 
him is a shield charged with the device of three acorns springing 
from a mountain and the letters " 1. z." 

4* x 3J in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 102.] 

115. Three engraved pieces, having the suits fishes and acorns ; perhaps 

not intended for use as playing cards, but as illustrations to some 
work on logic. They are the 2 of fishes (a knight in full armour), 
the 3 of fishes (a woman riding on an elephant), and the 4 of 
acorns (men working a windlass). 

3i X 2J in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 102.] 



III.— WITH FRENCH SUITS. 

(a.) Tarok packs of 78. 

116. Botzen. F. Krapf ; modern. Proofs of six court cards and the 

22nd atout belonging to a double-ended pack, of the Bavarian type. 
All are printed in red ink and are without the suitmarks. The 
court cards comprise four queens, one king and one knight. On 
a tablet in upper left corner of the atout is " F. Krapf, Botzen." 
Backs plain. 

4f x 2f in. 

117. Cassel. J. F. Ludwig ; modern. Complete pack, with natural 

history subjects on the atouts. On the knave of spades is " Fabri : 
in Cassel," and that of hearts holds a banner which bears the 
letter C. Backs decorated with a pattern of red stars. In 
original wrapper bearing the words "Feine-Tarok Karten 
Fabrick Joh. Fri. Ludwig in Cassell." 

4f x 2J in. 

118. Frankfort a/M. B. Dondorf, 1887. Complete pack, double- 

ended, with two different subjects on each atout. On the aces 
are views of celebrated buildings in France, England, Russia and 
Germany ; the court cards are portraits of historical personages 
belonging to those countries ; and the atouts represent their 
arts and industries. On all the aces is " B. Dondorf Francfort," 
and that of hearts bears two Italian duty stamps, one dated 
18 Nov. 87. Backs decorated with a panel of classical ornament. 
In cardboard case. 
4} X 21 in. 



96 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

119. Frankfort a/M. J. G. Eberhart; modern. Imperfect pack of 67, 

of the Bavarian type, with natural history subjects on the atouts. 
Several of the court cards bear the arms of Bavaria. The first 
atout is inscribed " Yerfertiget uon Johann Georg Eberhart a 
Francfort am Meyn," the king of clubs "J. G. Eberhart," and 
the king of diamonds " a Francfurt." The halberd held by the 
knave of spades bears the letter E, and that held by the knave 
of diamonds the letters J. K. H. The knave of clubs holds the 
arms of Munich in his right hand. The missing cards are the 
knave of hearts, the knight of spades, the king and queen of clubs, 
and Nos. YII, XIII, XY, XYII, XYIII, XX and XXI, of the 
atouts. Backs decorated with a small pattern in blue and white. 

4| x 2i in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 125.] 

120. Frankfort a/M. C. L. Wiist ; modern. Complete pack, double- 

ended, with two different subjects on each atout. The figures 
on the court cards are in fanciful costumes, and the atouts have 
various scenes of domestic life of about 1860. On the knave of 
clubs is "C. L. Wiist in Frankfort a/M." The ace of hearts 
bears the Prussian duty stamp. Backs decorated with a plaid 
pattern. With original wrapper, on which is a view of Frankfort. 

4£ X 2| in. 

121. Frankfort a/M. C. L. Wiist; modern. A later issue of the 

preceding pack, complete. The court cards are more coarsely 
coloured, and the atouts are uncoloured. The inscription on the 
knave of clubs is replaced by the initials C. L. W. The ace of 
hearts bears two duty stamps. 

122. Hanau; modern. Complete pack, of the Bavarian type. On 

the king of hearts is a cipher (G.L.), and on the knave of clubs 
" Tarocs de la Fabrique a Hanau." Backs decorated with a 
diagonal blue and white pattern. 

4| x 2| in. 

123. Innsbruck. J. Allbrecht; modern. Complete pack, double- 

ended, of the Bavarian type. The subjects on the atouts chiefly 
represent men hunting and killing wild animals and birds. The 
knave of clubs has at each end the name "Johann Allbrecht," 
and on the king of hearts is "zu finden in Innspruck." A 
monogram formed of the letters J". A. B. appears on the knave of 
hearts. Backs decorated with a small check pattern in red. 

U X 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 125.] 

124. Leipsic. C. E. Koppen; modern. Complete pack, double-ended. 

The court cards are historical characters, and the atouts humorous 
groups and animals. On the knave of diamonds are shields 



GERMAN CARDS. 97 



inscribed " bey C. E. Koppen in Leipzig ; sonst M. Stoeckel 
in Leipzig." The ace of hearts bears the Saxon duty stamp. 
Backs decorated with a small pattern of red dots. 
4i x 2f in. 

125. Leipsic. H. A. Kochly; 1819. " Miichler's Taschenbuch fur 

Karten Spieler." The court cards and atouts of the preceding 
pack, issued as a volume, with illustrative German verses and 
the title " Karl Miichler's Taschenbuch fiir Kartenspieler, mit 
xxxviii illuminirten Kupfern nach Zeichnungen von den Gebrudern 
Henschel," Leipzig 1819. The cards are without suitmarks, and 
on the shields of the knave of diamonds is " bey H. A. Kochly in 
Leipzig." 

126. Leipsic. L. K. ; modern. Imperfect pack of 76, of the Bavarian 

type. On the knave of clubs is "De la Fabrique de Leipzig," 
and on the queen of spades a merchant's mark with the initials 
L. K. The same letters, in form of a cipher, are on a shield on 
the knave of diamonds. Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern 
of blue stars. The missing cards are the ace of spades and the 
king of clubs. 

4f x 2f in. 

127. Leipsic. Industrie Comptoir; modern. Complete pack, having 

figures in 18th century costumes on the court cards, and subjects 
from "Don Quixote" on the atouts. The king of hearts has a 
shield inscribed " Comtoir d'Industrie a Leipsic," and that of 
diamonds a cartouche charged with the arms of Saxony. The 
Saxon duty stamp appears on the ace of hearts. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of stars in brown. 
H X 2J in. 

128. Leipsic. Industrie Comptoir; modern. Complete pack, having 

characters in the story of William Tell on the atouts, and theatrical 
costume figures on the court cards. The knave of diamonds bears 
the words " Leipzig im Industrie Comptoir." Edges gilt. Backs 
decorated with a small pattern in red and white. In green 
pasteboard case lettered " Extra feine Tarok-Karte mit Theater 
Trachten vorziiglich aus Wilhelm Tell." 
4| x 21 in. 

129. Leipsic. Industrie Comptoir; modern. Imperfect pack of 76, 

double-ended. The atouts have each a single subject illustrating 
a German proverb, the first being " Weit davon ist gut fiir den 
Schuss." The knight of spades wears a sash inscribed "Industrie 
Comptoir in Leipzig." Backs decorated with a small red pattern. 
The missing cards are the 8 of diamonds and No. XYI of the 
atouts. 

4| x 2 in. . • 



98 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

130. Luxemburg. V. Quarante and P. Brack; modern. Complete 

pack, of the Bavarian type. On each of the aces the suitmark is 
enclosed in a wreath of flowers. The four knights have on their 
halberds the initials of the makers, and on the first atout is 
" V. Quarante Pet. Bruck Luxemburg." Backs decorated with 
a small red pattern. 

4£ x 2| in. 

131. Mannheim. P. W. ; modern. Imperfect pack of 53, of the 

Bavarian type. On the knave of diamonds is a merchant's mark 
with the initials P. W., and on the king of diamonds " a Mann- 
heim." Backs decorated with a small red pattern. The missing 
cards are the 1-8 of hearts, the 2-king of clubs, and the first 
four atouts. 

4J x 2| in. 

132. Munich. J. Fetscher ; late 18th century. Imperfect pack of 

65, double-ended, with two different designs on each atout, 
chiefly natural history subjects ; on the second atout are the 
arms of Bavaria and Munich, with tablets inscribed "Joseph 
Fetscher Kartenfabricant in Miinchen in der Burggassen." Backs 
decorated with a small red pattern. The missing cards are the 
1-4 and 6-10 of spades and the 5-8 of clubs. 



133. Munich. J. Fetscher; early 19th century. Complete pack, 

double-ended, with two different subjects on each atout. The 
court cards have figures in modern costumes, and on the atouts 
are views and incidents connected with a war in (?) South 
America, e.g. a naval battle, ships shelling a town, a balloon 
ascent, etc. On the last atout is an American Indian drawing 
a bow, and the second has the arms of Bavaria and Munich 
resting against a palm tree, and a large stone inscribed "Joseph 
Fetscher btirgl. Karten fabricant Miinchen in der Burggasen." 
Backs decorated with a pattern of blue stars. 

4£ x 2| in. 

134. Munich. J. Fetscher; 19th century. Complete pack, double- 

ended, with two different designs, chiefly natural history subjects, 
on each atout. The court cards bear a general resemblance to 
those in the preceding pack. On the second atout are the arms 
of Bavaria and Munich resting against a pyramid, and a stone on 
which a negro is chiselling the inscription "Joseph Fetscher 
biirgl. — Karten fabricant Miinchen in der Burggasen." Backs 
decorated with a pattern of red stars. 

4} X 2J in. 



GERMAN CARDS. 99 



135. Munich. J. Fetscher ; modern. Complete pack, double-ended, 

with two different designs on each atout, chiefly natural history 
subjects. No. 2 of the atout s has the arms of Bavaria and a 
figure of Fame with the inscription " Joseph Fetscher B. Karten 
Fabricant in Miinchen in der Burggasse." Backs decorated with 
a small blue pattern. 

4* x 2} in. 

136. Munich. P. P. Fetscher ; early 19th century. Complete pack, 

double-ended, with two different designs of mythological and 
emblematical subjects on each atout. On the second atout are 
tablets inscribed " Peter Paul Fetscher junior Kurfurst Privil : 
Karten-Fabrieant, Miinchen in der Sendlinger Gasse N ro - 39." 
Edges gilt. Backs decorated with a small blue pattern. In 
pasteboard case. 

4f x 2} in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 126.] 

137. Munich. A. B. Gobi; 18th century. Complete pack, of the 

Bavarian type, very crudely executed and coloured. The atouts 
are natural history subjects, some fancifully treated. On the 
knave of clubs is " Andreas Benedictus Gobi," and on the king of 
diamonds " Minchen " and the initials B. H. Edges gilt. Backs 
decorated with a diagonal pattern of red stars. 

4f x 2J in. 

138. Munich. A. B. Gobi; 18th century. Complete pack, of the 

Bavarian type. On the knave of clubs is "Andreas Benedictus 
Gobi," and on the king of diamonds " Minchen." Backs decorated 
with a small blue pattern. 

4£ x 2f in. 

139. Munich. A. B. Gobi; 18th century. Complete pack, of the 

Bavarian type. The knaves of hearts and diamonds hold frames, 
one inscribed "Andreas Benedict Gobi," the other "Karten 
Fabricant." Backs decorated with a pattern of squares enclosing 
suns, in blue. 

4f x 2J in. 

140. Munich. A. B. Gobi; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 32, of 

the Bavarian type, double-ended. The subjects of the atouts are 
identical with those of No, 123. On the knave of clubs is 
"Andreas Benedic Gebl," on that of hearts the initials A. B. G., 
and on the king of hearts "Bayrische Karten Fabric." The 
missing cards are the entire suit of diamonds, all the pip cards of 
hearts, spades and clubs, and Nos. Ill and XX of the atouts. 
Backs decorated with the same pattern as the last. , 

4J x 2f in. 

H 2 



J 00 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

141. Munich. A. B. Gobi ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 73, of 

the Bavarian type. The knaves of hearts and diamonds hold 
each a frame, one inscribed " Andreas Benedict," the other " Gobi 
in Miinehen." The missing cards are the 5 of hearts, the 5, 6 
and 7 of spades, and the 4 of diamonds. Backs decorated with 
the same pattern as the last, in red. 
4f x 2J in. 

142. Neuburg. M. F. Key ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 61, of 

the Bavarian type, with natural history subjects on the atouts. 
The knave of clubs is inscribed " Melchior F. Key zu Neiburg an 
der Donau." The missing cards are the ace of spades, the ace, 2 
and 3 of diamonds, ace-10 of clubs, and Nos. IX, X and XXII 
of the atouts. Backs decorated with a pattern of suns and stars, 
in blue. 

H x 2| in. 

143. Neuwied. P. Boeder; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 77, of 

the Bavarian type. On the knave of hearts is "Bey Philipp 
Roeder in Neuwied." The missing card is the 4 of hearts. 
Backs mottled purple. 
4| x 2f in. 

144. Nuremberg. J. F. Backofen; 18th century. Complete pack, of 

the Bavarian type. The knave of hearts holds a framed tablet 
inscribed " Joh Friedrich Backofen," and on that of spades is a 
scroll lettered " Karten Fabricant in Nurnberg." Backs mottled 
purple. 

H X 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 126.] 

145. Nuremberg. J. G. Backofen; 18th century. Complete pack, 

of the Bavarian type, double-ended. The knave of clubs holds 
a shield charged with the letter B, and on the second atout is 
a slab of stone inscribed " Yerfertigt von Johann Gottfried 
Backofen in Gostenhof bey Nurnberg." Backs mottled red. 
4| x 2J in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 126.J 

146. Nuremberg. J. G. Backofen; 18th century. The whole of the 

atouts, except the last, belonging to an uncoloured edition of the 
preceding pack. Backs mottled red. 

147. Nuremberg. J. M. Backofen; 18th century. Imperfect pack 

of 76, closely resembling No. 144. The tablet held by the 
knave of hearts is inscribed " Johaii Matheus Bakofen," and the 
scroll on that of spades " Karten Fabrikant in Niirnberg." The 
queen of hearts bears the monogram M3 and on the king is 
" in N." The missing cards are the 3 of hearts and 7 of clubs. 
Backs decorated with a red flowery pattern. 

H X 2J in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 126.] 



GERMAN CARDS. 101 



148. Nuremberg. J. Backofen; 18th century. Complete pack, 
similar in all respects to No. 145, except that on the second atout 
the arms of Bavaria are introduced beside the slab, which is 
inscribed " Verfertigt von Joh Backofen in Niirnberg," and 
the cipher M. B. is on the shield held by the knave of clubs. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of red stars. 

4£ x 21 in. [S. Yol. II, pi. 126.] 

149. Nuremberg. J. Backofen ; 18th century. Another edition of 

the preceding pack, complete. The inscriptions on the slabs on 
the second atout have been erased. Backs mottled purple. 

150. Nuremberg. F. J. Eberhardt ; modern. Complete pack, of the 

Bavarian type. The knave of clubs holds the arms of Nurem- 
berg, and at the bottom of the card is " Fried. Jac. Eberhart ; " 
on the king of diamonds is "in Niirnberg." Backs marbled. 

4£ X 2J in. 

151. Nuremberg. J. Eberhardt; 18th century. Complete pack, 

similar in all respects to No. 145. The shield held by the knave 
of clubs bears the letter E., and the slab on the second atout is 
inscribed " Fabr. Johan Eberhardt in Niirnberg." The king of 
spades is signed " I. Kellner sc." Backs decorated with a pattern 
of red stars. 

4 x 21 in. 

152. Nuremberg. J. Eberhardt ; 18th century. Fragmentary pack 

of 18, similar in all respects to No. 147. The cards are : — the 
3, 5, 8, knave, queen and king of hearts ; the ace, 2, queen and 
king of diamonds ; the king of spades ; the knave, queen and 
king of clubs ; and Nos. I, VI, VII and XXI of the atouts ; 
with duplicate knave and queen of hearts. The knave of hearts 
is inscribed " Johann Eberhard," and the king of hearts "in N." 
The initials J. E. appear on the king of spades and the queen of 
hearts. Backs mottled red. 

4 x 21 in. 

153. Nuremberg. J. J. Forster; 18th century. Complete pack, of 

the Bavarian type. The knave of clubs bears the name " Joh. 
Jobst Forster." Backs marbled. Edges gilt. With original 
wrapper lettered " Feine Franzoesishe Tarock Karten in Verlag 
bey Johann Jobst Forster in Niirnberg." In brown leather case. 

41 x 21 in. \ 

154. Nuremberg. C. H. Reuter ; 18th century. Complete pack, 

double-ended. The knave of clubs holds a shield charged with 



102 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

the letter B, and on the second atout is a slab inscribed " Ver- 
fertigt von Christ. Heinr. Reuter in [Nurnberg." The ace of 
hearts bears a duty stamp. Backs decorated with a pattern of 
red dots. 

4| x 2| in. 

155. Ratisbon. F. D. Mihler; 18th century. Complete pack. On the 

knave of clubs, the knave of spades, and the queen of hearts are 
scrolls inscribed respectively " F. Dominicus," " Mihler," and " in 
Begenspurg." The knave of hearts has a cartouche charged 
with the four suitmarks, and on the king of hearts also is another 
bearing the arms of Spain. Backs decorated with a small 
pattern in brown. 
4f x 2# in. 

156. Ratisbon. F. D. Mihler ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 44, 

of the Bavarian type. The knave of clubs holds the arms of 
Munich, and at the bottom of the card is "Franz Dominicus 
Mihler." The missing cards are : — the ace, 3, 7, 9, 10, knave, 
queen and king of hearts; the ace, 7-10, knight, queen and king 
of spades; and the ace, 2, 7-10, knave, queen and king of 
diamonds and clubs. Backs decorated with a leaf pattern in 
blue. 

4f x 21 in. 

157. Ravensburg. T. Biedle ; 19th century. Imperfect pack of 26, 

double-ended, with mythological and fancy subjects on the atout s. 
The cards are : — the knave and king of hearts ; the ace-5, knight 
and king of diamonds; and Nos. I-VIII, X, XI, XIII-XV, 
XVII, XVIII, XX and XXI of the atouts. On the second 
atout is a tablet inscribed " Tobia Biedle Karten Fabricant In 
Bavens-Burg." Backs mottled red. 
4| x 2| in. 

158. Ravensburg. Twenty-two cards belonging to three different 

packs, but all of the same character, double-ended and uncoloured ; 
viz. — one 8, one knight, two queens and one king of spades ; one 
7, two knaves, one knight, two queens and one king of clubs ; two 
knaves, two knights, three queens and one king without suit- 
marks ; a 2nd and a 22nd atout. On the second atout are 
tablets inscribed " Karten Fabrik in Bavensburg." Backs plain. 

4f x 2| in. 

159. Strasburg. L. Carey ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 62, of 

the Bavarian type, and probably made for the Bavarian market. 
The knave of clubs holds the arms of Munich and at the bottom 
of the card is "L. Carey"; on the king of diamonds is "a 



GERMAN CARDS. 103 



Strasbourg." The missing cards are : — the 2, knave, knight, and 
king of hearts, the knave of diamonds, and Nos. I-IV, VI, VII, 
XI, XII and XVIII-XX of the atouts. Backs decorated with 
a small pattern in blue. 

H x 2\ in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 12.] 

160. Vienna (?). Modern. Complete double-ended pack, having 

Chinese figures and monsters on all the atouts except the first 
and last, on which are the figures usually found in Viennese 
packs (see No. 176). No inscriptions. Backs mottled blue. 
4 x 2i in. 

161. Place of issue uncertain. B. ; early 19th century. Complete 

pack, of the Bavarian type, having on the atouts 'scenes from 
Gil Bias, various plays, etc., each with title in either French or 
German. The 9th atout is a figure of Garrick in the character 
of Macbeth. The knave of hearts holds a shield charged with 
the letter B. (?Backofen of Nuremberg.) Edges gilt. Backs 
decorated with a diagonal pattern in pink. In pasteboard case. 

4 x 2| in. 

162. Place of issue uncertain. I. F. C. ; early 19th century. Im- 

perfect pack of 75, of the Bavarian type. The knave of hearts 
holds in his right hand a cartouche charged with a stork, and in 
his left a banner bearing the cipher 3D. The knave of spades 
holds a roundel on which is the cipher I. F. C. The missing 
cards are the ace and king of hearts and the ace of diamonds. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of black stars and dots. 

4f x 2\ in. 

163. Place of issue uncertain. J. G. Hegewalt; early 19th cen- 

tury. Complete pack. On the knave of spades in a scroll in- 
scribed " J. G. Hegewalt," and that of hearts holds a banner 
bearing the initials J. G. Backs decorated with a pattern of 
squares enclosing suns. 



164. Place of issue uncertain ; early 19th century. Complete pack, 

double-ended, with views of villages, churches, chateaux, mills, 
bridges, etc., on the atouts. On No. II of these are two slabs, 
one bearing an armorial shield ; and No. XXII is a man with a 
birdcage on his back, playing a pan-pipe. Backs decorated with 
a pattern of dots and circles. 
4J x 2\ in. 

165. Place of issue uncertain ; early 19th century, Complete pack, 

double-ended. Some of the court cards have figures in early 



104 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

19 th century costumes, and the atouts represent various trades 
and occupations. No inscriptions. Backs decorated with a zigzag 
pattern in blue. The 5 of spades has been taken from another 
pack. 

4| x 2| in. 

166. Place of issue uncertain; recent. Complete pack, double- 

ended, with biblical, historical, domestic and fancy subjects on 
the atouts, which are well engraved and (with the exception of 
the last) uncoloured. No inscriptions. Backs decorated with 
a pattern of wavy purple lines. 
4i x 2| in. 

167. Place of issue uncertain; recent. Complete pack, double- 

ended, with mythological and fanciful subjects on the atouts. 
No inscriptions. Backs decorated with a pattern of dots and 
stars, in blue. With original wrapper, on which is a figure of 
a soldier supporting a tablet, with "Feine Tarok " above. 
4| x 2| in. 

168. Place of issue uncertain; early 19th century. Fragmentary 

pack, consisting of the knight of clubs and Nos. II-XXI of the 
atouts. The latter are fanciful and grotesque subjects, mostly 
introducing animals. No inscriptions. Coarsely coloured. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of small stars, in red. 
4| x 2} in. 

169. Place of issue uncertain ; early 19th century. Complete pack, 

with the usual natural history subjects on all the atouts, except 
the first and last, which represent a harlequin holding up a 
mirror and a man playing the guitar. Backs decorated with 
a small pattern in red. 
3| x 2£ in. 

170. * Place of issue uncertain ; 19th century. Fragmentary pack 

of 20, double-ended, consisting of the knave of spades and Nos. I, 
II, IV-YII, IX-XVI, and XVIII-XXII of the atouts, on 
which are views of buildings in some city. No inscriptions. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of dots, in red. 
4J x 2J in. 

171. Place of issue uncertain; early 19th century. Seven atouts, 

Nos. X-XVI, belonging to a double-ended pack. The subjects 
are identical with those in No. 123. Uncoloured. Backs plain. 
4f x 2f in. 

172. Place of issue uncertain; early 19th century. Fragmentary 

pack of 39, double-ended. The subjects of the atouts are identical 
with those in No. 123, and are without inscriptions. The missing 



GERMAN CABDS. 105 



cards are the ace-6 and 8-10 of hearts, and ace-10 of spades, 
diamonds and clubs. Nos. X and XVII of the atouts belong to 
another pack. The cards are made in the Italian manner, the 
paper of the backs being brought over to the front to form a 
border. Backs decorated with a panel of ornament, in blue. 
4\ X 2J in. 

173. Place of issue uncertain; early 19th century. Imperfeet 

double-ended pack of 36, etched and coloured. The atouts are 
all birds with human portrait heads, the name of the bird species 
being inserted near one of the heads in each. The missing cards 
are the ace-10 of hearts, spades, and clubs; ace-3 and 5-10 of 
diamonds, queen of clubs, and atouts Nos. IX and XI. Backs 
mottled red. 

4\ x 2J in. 

(b.) Tarok packs of 54. 

In these the number of pip cards is reduced from 40 to 16 by the 
omission of the first six in the suits of spades and clubs, and the last six 
in those of hearts and diamonds. 

174. Dresden. F. A. Bohme ; modern. Complete pack, double-ended, 

with a single burlesque or fanciful subject on each atout. The 
knave of diamonds holds a shield inscribed " bey P. A. Bohme 
in Dresden." The ace of hearts bears the Saxon duty stamp. 
Backs decorated with a plaid pattern. 
4f x 2 a in. 

175. Passau. M. Schatzberger ; early 19th century. Imperfect pack 

of 49, double-ended ; with mythological and fanciful subjects on 
the atouts. On the second are the arms of Bavaria and a tablet 
supported by a nymph and a cupid and inscribed " Yon Michael 
Schatzberger biirgl. Karten Fabric, in Passau." Backs mottled. 
The missing cards are the 2, 3 and 4 of hearts, and the 3 and 
4 of diamonds. 
4x2 in. 

176. Vienna. J. Estel ; 19th century. Complete pack, double-ended, 

with subjects of the usual miscellaneous character on the atouts. 
On the first are figures of a harlequin and columbine playing a 
harp and a tambourine ; on the second is the imperial eagle with 
the motto " Industrie und Gliick," and on the last a harlequin 
holding up a miniature figure of himself. The shields on the 
knave of clubs are inscribed "Yon Joseph Estel biirgl. Spiel 
karten Fabrikanten. Fabricirt in Wien." Backs decorated with 
a pattern of dots and circles in red. 
4J X 2\ in. 



106 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

177. Vienna. J. Glanz ; recent. " Militar-Tarock." Complete pack, 

double-ended, but with single subjects on the atouts. The court 
cards are portraits of historical characters and the atouts military 
subjects and portraits of generals. On the knave of hearts is 
"Joseph Glanz, Kohlmarkt No. 20 in Wien," and the ace of 
hearts bear the duty stamp and that of the maker. Backs decor- 
ated with a small pattern in brown. With original wrapper 
lettered " Patent Spiel-Karten S. F. Militar-Tarock aus der . . . 
Karten Fabrik des Joseph Glanz, No. 38." 
4 x 2| in. 

178. Vienna. J. Glanz ; recent. Complete pack, double-ended. The 

atouts are of a fanciful character, the first, second and last being 
the same as those in No. 176. The shields on the knave of clubs 
are inscribed " KK. land : privil : Spielkartenfabrik des Joseph 
Glanz," and those on the knave of diamonds "Joseph Glanz, 
Wien." The ace of hearts bears the duty stamp and that of the 
maker. Backs decorated with a pattern of dots and circles, in 
black. 

4| x 2| in. 

179. Vienna. J. N. Hofmann; 19th century. Imperfect pack, double- 

ended. The atouts are mostly oriental subjects, but the first and 
last are the same as in No. 176. The shields on the knave of 
clubs are inscribed " Yon Johan Norbert Hofmann, KK. Hof 
und Landes Fabricant," and those on the knave of diamonds 
"Johan Norbert Hofman in Wien, Untere Breuner Stras. 
N. 1199." The ace of hearts bears the duty stamp of Lombardy. 
Backs decorated with the same pattern as the last, in red. The 
missing cards are the queen of hearts, the 10 of clubs, and 
Nos. II, Y, YI and XXI of the atouts. 
4£ x 2\ in. 

180. Vienna. F. Piatnik ; modern. Complete pack, double-ended. The 

atouts are of the usual fanciful character, the first, second and last 
being the same as in No. 176. The shields on the knave of clubs 
are inscribed " Yon Ferd. Piatnik vormals Ant. Moser Spielkarten 
Fabrikant in Wien. Fabrik am Schottenfelde in der Herrngasse 
No. 407," and those on the knave of diamonds " Ferd. Piatnik 
vormals A. Moser, Schottenfeld Herrngasse No. 407." Backs 
decorated with the same pattern as the last, in black. 
4& x 2J in. 

181. Vienna. F. Piatnik ; modern. Imperfect pack of 32, similar in all 

respects to the preceding. The shields on the knave of clubs 
bear the same inscription, but those on the knave of diamonds 
are lettered " F. Piatnik in Wien." The missing cards are the 
ace of hearts and all the atouts except the last. 



GERMAN CARDS, 107 



182. Vienna. J. G. Steiger, 1827. Imperfect pack of 53, double 

ended. The subjects on the atouts are of a miscellaneous character, 
the first, second and third being identical with those in No. 176. 
The shields on the knave of clubs are inscribed " Von Joh. Georg 
Steiger vorinals Joh. Norbert Hofmann, KK. Hof u. Landers 
Fabrikant in Wien," and those on the knave of diamonds " Joh. 
Georg Steiger vormals Hofmann, In der untern Breuner Strasse 
No. 1132." Backs decorated with the same pattern as the four 
preceding. The ace of hearts bears the duty stamp and also that 
of the maker, with the date 1827. The missing card is No. VII 
of the atouts. 

4 x 2J in. 

183. Vienna. Set of the 22 atouts belonging to a double-ended 

pack similar in character to No. 176, the subjects on the first, 
second and last being the same. Backs decorated with the same 
pattern. 

4i x 2| in. 

184. Place of issue uncertain; 18th century. Complete pack, of 

the Bavarian type, double-ended. The atouts have natural 
history subjects. The knave of clubs bears the letters HIS. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of blue dots. 

4J x 2f in. 



(c.) Packs of 56. 

Identical in composition with the numeral portion of the 
Tarok packs of 78. 

185. Munich. L. Ammer; late 18th century. Complete pack, of 

the Bavarian type, double-ended. On the knave of spades are 
two tablets inscribed " feine Kupferstich Kinesser Daroek," and 
on that of clubs are two lettered " Fabricirt in Miinchen von Lorenz 
Ammer." Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern of stars, in 
blue. 

4* X 2J in. 

186. Munich. A. B. Gobi : late 18th century. Imperfect pack of 

55, of the Bavarian type. The knave of hearts holds a shield 
inscribed " Andreas Benedict Gobi," and that of diamonds another 
inscribed "Karten Fabricant." The aces of spades and clubs 
bear the duty stamp of Lauchstadt in Prussia. The missing card 
is the queen of diamonds. Backs marbled. 

4f x 2| in. 



108 CATALOGUE OF CAEJDS. 

187. Munich. A. Jar; late 18th century. Complete pack, of the 

Bavarian type, the knaves being in 18th century costumes. Those 
of hearts and diamonds hold the arms of Bavaria, and that of 
clubs the arms of Munich. At the bottom of the last is " Antone 
Iar." Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern in blue. 

H x 2f in. 

(d.) Packs of 36. 

188. Aschaffenberg ; modern. Imperfect pack of 27, double-ended. 

No inscriptions. Duty stamp of Aschaffenberg on the ace of 
hearts. The missing cards are the 7 of hearts ; the ace, 7 and 10 
of spades ; the 7, 8, 9 and king of diamonds ; and the king of clubs. 
Backs decorated with a plaid pattern. 

Sh x 2f in. 

189. Brocade cards; 17th century. Complete pack, in which the 

portions intended to represent the dresses of the figures, and the 
suitmarks are cut out and filled up with coloured silks, etc., 
the faces and other details on the court cards being hand-painted. 
The costumes are of about the date 1690, and the king of hearts 
somewhat resembles Louis XIV. The suitmarks on the pip cards, 
though French, are represented, in the German style, as growing 
from a central stem. Edges gilt. Backs marbled. Enclosed in 
white vellum cover with two clasps, like a book. 

3| x 2| in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 135.] 

190. Brocade cards; 17th century. Complete pack, similar to the 

preceding, but with the court cards varied. Enclosed in a rich 
cover of white vellum, with a single clasp. 

3% x 2| in. 

191. Brocade cards; 17th century. Complete pack, similar to the 

two last, but somewhat coarser. Edges gilt. Backs plain. En- 
closed in brown leather cover with clasp. 

3| x 2§ in. 

192. "Das Spiel der Hofnung— Le jeu de TEsperance." Com- 

plete pack, in which the lower part of each card is occupied by a 
fancy vignette, and the upper by a running number and two 
miniature cards, one showing the value in French suitmarks, the 
other giving the German equivalent. Backs plain. Enclosed in 
a cardboard case which bears the title of the game, with the 
address " Niirnberg, zu finden bei G. P. J. Bieling," and contains 
also a sheet of printed instructions in German. 

2J x 1| in. 



GERMAN CARDS. 109 



193. "Das Spiel der Hofnung — Le jeu de l'Esperance." Im- 

perfect pack of 35, similar in all respects to the preceding, but 
slightly longer. The missing card is the 8 of diamonds. The 
cover and sheet of directions are also wanting. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of roundels enclosing leaves, on a dark ground. 

3 X 1| in. 

194. Mile. Lenormand's fortune-telling cards. Imperfect pack, 

of 32, unmounted. The cards are numbered 1-36, and each has a 
vignette in the lower part, with a miniature card above to indicate 
its value. No. 1 represents the sun, and No. 36 a processional 
cross. The missing cards are Nos. 11, 17, 20 and 22. In a red 
cloth case, lettered " Die achten Wahrsagekarten der welt- 
berithmten Kartenschlagerin Le Normand. Reutlingen, Yerlag 
von Ensslin & Laiblin." 

3| X 2£ in. 

195. Mile. Lenormand's fortune-telling cards. Complete pack, 

similar in general design to the last ; uncoloured and unmounted. 
The subjects of the vignettes are the same, but differently dis- 
tributed. No. 1 is a gentleman riding. No inscriptions. 

3| X 2£ in. 

196. Mile. Lenormand's fortune-telling cards. B. Dondorf, 

Frankfort. Complete pack, executed in chromoHthography. 
The subjects are identical with those in the preceding pack, and 
appear on the same pieces. Each card has at the top two small 
roundels, one containing the running number, the other the 
maker's name. Backs decorated with a pattern of colours and 
gold, into which the maker's name is introduced. 



3f X 2£ in. 



(e.) Packs of 32. 



197. Augsburg. A. Rauchmuller, 1808. Complete pack. The figures 

on some of the court cards are in modern costumes, the king of 
hearts representing Napoleon Bonaparte in his imperial robes. 
On the king of spades is " Fabricirt u. in Holz gestochen," and on 
that of clubs "von Anton Rauchmuller den jungern in Augs- 
burg 1808." Backs decorated with a small pattern in red. In 
original wrapper which bears an advertisement of the maker in 
red. 

3£ x 2J in. 

198. Frankfort a/M. C.L. Wiist. Rifle meeting at Frankfort 1862. 

Complete pack commemorating this event. The kings are riflemen 
and the queens emblematical figures of Germany, Frankfort, etc. 



110 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

On the aces are subjects illustrating the celebration, "Gaben 
tempel," " Ueberreichung der Bundesfahne, Rossmarkt," "Fest- 
halle " and " Bornheimer Haide." Backs decorated with a small 
pattern in blue. In original wrapper, lettered " Erinnerung an 
das deutsche Schiitzenfest, 13-21 Juli 1862. Frankfurter Schut- 
zenkarten v. C. L. Wiist." 
3f x 2£ in. 

199. Frankfort a/M. Bine meeting at Frankfort 1862. Complete 

pack illustrating the same event as the last, but with different 
subjects. The king of hearts holds a banner inscribed " Ueb Aug 
& Hand fur's Vaterland." On the aces are views of " Gaben- 
tempel," " Fest-Halle," "Eingangs Pforte" and "Vogelper- 
spective des Schutzen-Festes in Frankfurt a/M. Juli 1862." Backs 
mottled blue. 

3f X 2f In. 

200. [Frankfort a/M.] Modern. Imperfect pack of 31, double-ended; 

one of the large class (to which the two preceding numbers belong) 
issued at Frankfort by Dondorf, Wtist, and other makers, in 
which the whole field of each ace (with the exception of a 
circular space in the centre reserved for the suitmark) is occupied 
by two historical or topographical subjects. In this instance 
they are rustic and marine views. The missing card is the ace 
of hearts, and its place is taken by a 5 of the same suit. No 
inscriptions. Backs decorated with a plaid pattern. 
3| x 2| in. 

201. [Frankfort a/M.] Modern. Complete pack, of the same character 

as the preceding, with hunting subjects on the aces. No in- 
scriptions. Backs decorated with a pattern of wavy dotted lines, 
in red. Edges gilt. In green cardboard case on which is a 
representation of a huntsman with his hounds resting. 
3f x 2\ in. 

202. [Frankfort a/M.] Modern. Views of Lisbon. Complete pack 
of the same kind, with views of Lisbon on the aces, all having 
titles in Portuguese. Probably made for the Portuguese market. 
Backs decorated with a plaid pattern. 

3| x 21 in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 111.] 

203. [Frankfort a/M.] Modern. Battles in Mexico. Complete pack 

of the same kind, with incidents in the Mexican war of 1847 on 
the aces, all having English titles. The ace of hearts bears 
the German imperial duty stamp. Probably made for the 
American market. Backs mottled blue. In original wrapper. 
3| x 2| in. 
[For other packs of the same class see Nos. 222—232.] 



GERMAN CARDS. Ill 



204. Hanau. L. Jassoy ; 19th century. Sixteen cards belonging to a 

double-ended pack, viz. the 8, knave, queen and king of hearts ; 
the 8, knave, queen and king of spades ; the 9, knave and king of 
diamonds ; and the ace, 8, knave, queen and king of clubs. On 
the knave of clubs is " Louis Jassoy, Hanau." Backs decorated 
with a small pattern of stars and dots, in blue. 

3| x 2| in. 

205. Leipsic. Industrie Comptoir; 19th century. Complete pack, 

with characters in various historical plays on the court cards, 
Charles V, Jeanne D'Arc, Dunois, etc. On the knave of spades 
(Due d'Alba) is " Industrie Comptoir, Leipzig." Backs decorated 
with a small pattern in red. 

3J x 2i in. 

206. Munich. J. Fetscher; early 19th century. Complete pack. 

The knave of hearts supports a frame within which is " Joseph 
Fetscher in der Burggasse No. 184," and on the king is a 
merchant's mark with the initials J. F. The king of clubs has 
a lion supporting the arms of Bavaria. Backs decorated with 
a pattern of stars and crescents, in red. 

3§ x 21 in. 

207. Vienna. J. Glanz ; recent. Complete pack, double-ended. The 

king of spades is inscribed " Josef Glanz," and the knave of hearts 
" in Wien." The ace of hearts bears the duty stamp and that of 
the maker. Backs mottled purple. In original wrapper lettered 
" Patent Karten, Fein Piquet . . . No. 6 Josef Glanz." 

3f x 2£ in. 

208. Vienna. J. Glanz, 1857. Imperfect pack of 20, double-ended, 

with characters in historical plays on the court cards, Fridolin, 
Maria Stuart, Jugurd, etc. The ace of hearts bears the duty 
stamp and also that of the maker. The missing cards are the 7-10 
of hearts, the 7 and 9 of spades, the 7 and 10 of diamonds 
and the 7-10 of clubs. Backs decorated with a small pattern in 
grey. 

31 x 2i in. 

209. Vienna. F. Piatnik ; modern. Complete pack, of the French 

type, double-ended. On the king of spades is " Ferdin. Piatnik," 
and on the knave of hearts " in Wien " ; on the girdle of the 
queen of spades are the letters G and S. The ace of hearts bears 
the Austrian duty stamp. Backs decorated with a pattern of dots 
and circles, in red. In blue marbled cardboard case. 
3| x 2| in. 



112 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

210. Place of issue uncertain. Complete pack, in which the lower 

part of every card is occupied by a bar of music, with German 
words " Liebliche Lied," etc. The figures on the court cards are 
only half-length, the kings being sixteenth century soldiers and 
the queens and knaves modern domestic characters. Backs plain. 
3| x 21 in. 

211. Place of issue uncertain; 19th century. Complete pack, 

double-ended. The knave of hearts holds a shield charged with 
the arms of Hesse (?) No inscriptions. Backs decorated with a 
pattern of stars, in blue. 
3f x 2| in. 

212. Place of issue uncertain; 18th century. Complete pack, of 

small size, with court cards of the Bavarian type. No inscriptions. 
Backs plain. 

2| x If in. 

213. Place of issue uncertain; modern. Comp]ete pack, of the 

common kind, double-ended. No inscriptions. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of strokes and dots, in blue. 
Sh x 2\ in. 

214. Place of issue uncertain ; modern. Imperfect miniature pack 

of 31, with full length figures on the court cards. The knave of 
hearts holds a shield charged with the Prussian eagle, and the 
knave of clubs has one inscribed " St." The missing card is the 
ace of hearts. Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern of dots, 
in red. 

11 x f in. 



215. Humorous fortune-telling ; c. 1820. " Blicke in die Zukunft." 

Complete pack, having a burlesque subject in the lower part of 
each card, with a miniature card and four German lines above. 
The subject of the ace of hearts is Cupid shooting with bow and 
arrow; that of the king of clubs, a man seated drinking wine. 
Backs plain. In cardboard case lettered " Blicke in die Zukunft 
humouristische Warnungen und Scherze. Allen Schonen gewid- 
met," etc. 

2| x 1| in. 

216. Humorous fortune-telling; c. 1820. Complete pack, having 

on the pip cards designs in outline, with which the suitmarks are 
more or less incorporated, and on the court cards coloured figures 
of heathen divinities. Every card has a German title, " Wohn- 
haus," " Liebes-Gedanken," etc. Backs % decorated with a plain 



GERMAN CARDS. 113 



diagonal pattern in green. In cardboard case, on which is a 
coloured print of an old woman telling the fortune of a young 
couple, with 6 lines : — Der Zukunft Schleier aufzuheben," etc. 

2i x 1| in. 



(/.) Packs of 52. 

217. Frankfort a/M. B. Dondorf; modern. "Vues et Caracteres 

Suisses." Complete pack, of the same class as No. 200, having 
views of Swiss towns on the aces and figures in national costumes 
on the court cards, all executed in chromolithography. Each 
of the court cards has at the corners the arms of two of the 
Swiss cantons. The knave of clubs is inscribed "B. Dondorf, 
Frankfort a/M." Backs decorated with an emblematical figure of 
Switzerland. In cardboard case lettered "Vues et Caracteres 
Suisses, Entieres No. 228, B. Dondorf." 

3| x 2h in. 

218. Frankfort a/M. B. Dondorf; modern. Complete pack, double- 

ended, with fancy figures on the court cards, executed in chromo- 
lithography. The knave of clubs bears the words "B. Dondorf 
Frankfort a/M." Backs decorated with a floral pattern in colours. 
With wrapper inscribed " Whist playing cards 52 (made abroad)," 
and in pull-off cloth cases lettered " The Unique Playing cards 
published by E. Hamilton, 22 Paternoster Row, London, E.C." 

31 X 2f in. 

219. Frankfort a/M. B. Dondorf; modern. Quarters of the World. 

Complete pack, double-ended, in which the four suits illustrate 
respectively Asia, Africa, Europe and America. The subjects on 
the aces and court cards are executed in colours, those on the 
pip-cards "en camaieu." Every card has a narrow gold border 
in which is the maker's name frequently repeated. Backs 
decorated with a figure of Fortune, above which is " B. Dondorf a 
Frankfort s/Mein." With printed list of the subjects in French 
and German. In cardboard case lettered ".Cartes Illustrees 
Entieres 207." 

3| x 2h in. 

220. Frankfort a/M. B. Dondorf, c, 1860. "Cartes Comiques." 

Complete pack, illustrated throughout with burlesque subjects. 
The aces and courts cards are executed in colours, the rest " en 
camaieu" The ace of hearts, of which the title is " A toi pour la 
vie," bears the Prussian duty stamp. The knave of clubs is 
lettered "B. Dondorf, Frankfort a/M " Backs decorated with a 

I 



114 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

representation of a man and a girl at a casement, their faces 
forming aces of hearts and diamonds. In cardboard case lettered 
"Cartes Comiques, Tarote Rouge et Noir. Entieres No. 361." 

3| x 2* in. 

221. Frankfort a/M. J. A. Steinberger ; modern. Imperfect small 

pack of 31, with whole length figures on the court cards. On 
the knave of diamonds (an official carrying the royal crown on 
a cushion) is a tablet inscribed " Fabricirt von Joh. Anton Stein- 
berger in Frankfurth am Main." Backs decorated with a pattern 
of stars and circles. The missing card is the 9 of diamonds. 

2J x 1£ in. 

222. Frankfort a/M. C. L. Wiist ; modern. South American views 

and costumes. Complete pack of the same class as No. 200. 
The court cards are figures of natives of Brazil, Peru and Mexico, 
and on the aces are views of Rio de Janeiro, with Portuguese 
titles. Without name of the publisher, whose initials are found 
on a set of proofs of this pack in the collection; see German 
Sheets, No. 44 (9). Backs mottled blue. 

3| x 2f in. 

223. Frankfort a/M. C. L. Wiist; modern. Miniature pack, com- 

plete, of the same class as No. 200 ; with figures in historical 
costumes on the court cards and historical subjects on the aces. 
The 4 of spades is inscribed " C. L. Wiist, Frankfort a/M." 
Backs plain green. 
1\ x 1 in. 

224. Frankfort a/M. C. L. Wiist ; modern. Miniature pack, com- 

plete, of the same class as No. 200 ; with fancy subjects on the 
aces. All the cards have gold borders. On the ace of hearts 
is " C. L. Wiist Frankfurt a/M." Backs plain pink. In fancy 
paper case. 

|x | in. 

225. Frankfort a/M. C. L. Wiist ; modern. Miniature pack, com- 

plete, similar in all respects to the last and same size. Backs 
plain green. In fancy paper case. 

226. [Frankfort a/M.] ; modern. Views of Frankfort. Complete 
pack, of the same class as No. 200, with views of Frankfort on 
the aces and portraits of German actors, in character, on the 
court cards. Backs decorated with a pattern of circles and stars, 
in blue. 

3f X 2f in. 



GERMAN CARDS. 115 



227. [Frankfort a/M.] modern. Victories of Napoleon. Complete 

pack, of the same class, with views on the aces of the victorious 
battles fought by Napoleon I. Edges gilt. Backs decorated with 
a small pattern of stars and flourishes in blue. In green cardboard 
case lettered " Victoires Napoleon." 

3| x 2J in. 

228. [Frankfort a/M.] modern. Crimean War. Complete pack of 
the same class, with views of battles in the Crimea, 1854-6, on 
the aces, and portraits of royal personages and generals associated 
with the war on the court cards. Backs decorated with a small 
pattern in red. 

3| x 2\ in. 

229. [Frankfort a/M.] modern. Establishment of the Kingdom of 

Italy in 1860. Complete pack of the same class, having on the 
aces views of places, and on the court cards portraits of persons 
associated with this event. Backs decorated with a small pattern 
in red. 

3f x 2| in. 

230. [Frankfort a/M.] ; modern. Views of Lisbon. Complete pack, 

of the same class, with the same views of Lisbon on the aces 
as in pack No. 202. The titles are in Portuguese. Backs mottled 
red. 

3f x 2f in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 111.] 

231. [Frankfort a/M.] ; modern. Views of Nuremberg. Complete 

pack, of the same class, with views of Nuremberg on the aces. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of dots and stars, in blue. 

Sh x 2f in. 

232. [Frankfort a/M.] ; modern. Views on the Rhine. Complete 
pack (with 14 duplicates), having on the aces engraved views 
of places on the Rhine; Stolzenfels, Bacharach, etc. Backs 
decorated with a small pattern in red. 

3f x 2| in. 

233. Halle. Kobitzsch & Kiiper; 19th century. Complete pack, of the 
common kind, double-ended. The makers' names appear on the 
knave of clubs, and the ace of hearts bears the Halle duty stamp. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of dots, in blue. 

3f x 2£ in. 

234. Halle. Ludwig k Schmidt ; 19th century. Fifteen cards from 

a double-ended pack of the common kind, viz. — the 9, 10, knave 
and king of hearts; the knave, queen and king of spades; 

I 2 



116 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

the 8, knave, queen and king of diamonds ; and the ace, knave, 
queen and king of clubs. On the knave of clubs is " Ludwig & 
Schmidt in Halle a. d. S." Backs decorated with a pattern of 
dots, in blue. 

3| x 2fin. 

235. Leipsic. Industrie Comptoir ; 19th century. Imperfect pack of 

51, in which the court cards bear the names used in French packs. 
Lahire, Bahel, Charles, etc. Every court card is inscribed " Ind. 
Comp. a Leipsic." Backs decorated with a small diagonal pattern, 
in red. The missing card is the ace of hearts. 

3i x 2J in. 

236. Leipsic. A. Twietmeyer ; recent. Oval cards. Complete pack, 

of oval form, double-ended, with fanciful figures on the court 
cards. These, and also the aces, have borders formed of small 
suitmarks. Backs decorated with a small pattern, in blue. In oval 
cardboard box lettered " Ovale Salon Spielkarten, Yerleger A. 
Twietmeyer Leipzig," etc. 

4 x 2f in. 

237. Munich. L. Ammer; late 18th century. Complete pack, of 

the Bavarian type. On the king of clubs is a tablet inscribed 
" Chur-baierische Francesis' Piquet Karten v. siglt," and on the 
knave of spades another inscribed "Yerfertiget von Lauretz 
Ammer in Munchen." The 8 of clubs has been taken from 
another pack. Backs decorated with a small diagonal pattern, in 
pink. 

3f x 2| in. 

238. Munich. J. Fetscher ; late 18th century. Complete pack, of the 

Bavarian type. The king of spades and the knaves of clubs, 
diamonds and hearts have tablets inscribed respectively " Joseph 
Fetscher," « Fabrikant," " In," and " Munchen." On the king of 
diamonds are the arms of Munich, on that of clubs the arms 
of Bavaria, and on that of hearts the maker's mark. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of small stars, in pink. 

3f x 2J in. 

239. Munich. J. Fetscher ; late 18th century. Complete pack, of the 

Bavarian type. The knave of hearts supports a tablet inscribed 
" Joseph Fetscher in der Burggasse No. 184." On the kings of 
clubs and diamonds are the arms of Bavaria and Munich. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of dots, in blue. 

3f x 2i in. 



GERMAN CARDS. 117 



240. Munich. A. B. Gobi ; late 18th century. Imperfect pack of 51, 

of the Bavarian type. On the knave of spades is a shield inscribed 
"Verfertiget von Andr. Benedict Gobi in Miinchen," and on 
other court cards are the arms of Bavaria, etc. The king of 
hearts bears the maker's stamp. The missing card is the ace of 
spades. Edges gilt. Backs decorated with a small blue pattern. 
In blue pasteboard case stamped in gold. 

3£ x 2i in. 

241. Munich. A. B. Gobi; late 18th century. Imperfect pack of 

51, similar to the last. On the knave of spades is a scroll 
inscribed " Yerfertiget von Andre [Benjedict Gobi in Miinchen " ; 
and a tablet on the king of spades is lettered " Chur-Baierische 
Franzosische Karten, gesigl. den." The missing card is the 
ace of hearts. Backs plain. 

3f x 2\ in. 

242. Munich. A. B. Gobi ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 50, similar 

to the last but with a coloured border on every card. The kings 
of diamonds, spades and clubs, and the knaves of hearts, diamonds 
and clubs, all hold shields bearing inscriptions, which together 
form the legend " Allerhand Kartten seynd zu finde in Munche 
bey Andreas Benedictus Gobi." The 2 and king of hearts are 
missing and the 6 of hearts and knave of clubs are in duplicate. 

3£ x 2J in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 130.] 

243. Nuremberg. J. E. Backofen ; modern. Complete pack, of the 

common kind, double-ended. The knave of diamonds holds a 
shield charged with the arms of Bavaria. No inscriptions. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of dots, in red. In original wrapper 
lettered " Joh. Ernst Backofen in ISTurnberg." 

Sh x 2f in. 

244. Rostock. J. G. Tiedemann ; modern. Complete pack, double- 

ended. The knave of diamonds wears a sash inscribed " J. G. 
Tiedemann, Rostock." The duty stamp of the German empire 
appears on the ace of hearts. Backs decorated with a pattern of 
dots, in red. In original wrapper lettered " Feinste Whist-Spiel- 
Karten. J. G. Tiedemann, Spielkartenfabrik." 

4f x 2f in. 

245. Tubingen. Cotta's " Karten Almanach," 1805. Imperfect pack 

of 51, of the first issue of these well-known cards, designed by the 
Countess Jennison Yallvort, in which the suitmarks on all the 
pip cards form part of a fanciful design. In this pack the figures 



118 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

on the court cards are characters in Schiller's " Jeanne d' Arc." 
The ace of clubs is inscribed "A Tubinge chez J. G. Cotta, 
Libraire." The missing card is the 4 of clubs. Backs plain. 
In original pasteboard case. 

3* x 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 143-6.] 

246. Tubingen. Cotta's " Karten Alnianaeh," 1808. Complete pack 

of the fourth issue. The figures on the court cards are in Arabian 
costumes. An explanatory tract accompanies the set. In original 
pasteboard case. 

247. Tubingen. Cotta's " Karten Almanach," 1811. Complete pack 

of the sixth issue. The figures on the court cards are in the robes 
of various orders of knighthood. With explanatory tract. In 
original pasteboard case. 

248. Tubingen. Osiander's "Karten Almanach," 1815. Complete 

pack, similar in character to the preceding, of which it is a con- 
tinuation. The four kings are portraits of Wellington, Bliicher, 
Schwartzenburg and Kutusoff, the generals of the allied armies of 
England, Prussia, Austria and Russia ; the queens are emblem- 
atical figures of those countries, and the knaves soldiers of the 
same nations. The 4 of clubs is signed "L. Osiander fecit." 
The pack is accompanied by a double sheet of letterpress entitled 
" Karten Almanach f ur die gegenwartige Zeit ; gezeichneb und 
gestochen von C. F. Osiander." In original pasteboard case. 

4 x 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 147-150.] 

249. Vienna. H. F. Miiller; early 19th century. Complete pack, 

engraved throughout in stipple, similar in character to those of 
Cotta and Osiander described above. The court cards are 
classical figures without titles, and on all the pip cards are 
fanciful and amusing designs, with which the suitmarks are 
incorporated. The court cards only are coloured. On the knave 
of hearts is " Zu finden in Wien bey H. F. Miiller Kunsthandler." 
Edges gilt. Backs mottled red. 

3| x 2§ in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 131-4.] 

250. Vienna. H. F. Miiller ; early 19th century. Complete pack, 

similar in character to the last, but of inferior execution. The 
figures on the court cards are apparently theatrical characters 
and the others have burlesque designs. On the 3 of clubs is 
" Wien bey H. F. Miiller." Backs mottled red. 

3| x 2f in. 



GERMAN CARDS. 119 



251. Place of issue uncertain. I G H. ; late 18th century. 

Imperfect pack of 30, having whole length figures in modern 
costume on the court cards, which all bear their names, " Val," 
" Dame " and " Hoi." The knave of clubs carries a tablet inscribed 
" I G H." The missing cards are the 7-10, queen and king of 
hearts ; the ace and 6-10 of spades the ace and 7-10 of diamonds ; 
and the 7-10 and king of clubs. Backs mottled red. 

3J x 2* in. 

252. Place of issue uncertain. L. H. ; 1767. Small pack, complete. 

A scroll on the knave of diamonds bears the initials L. H., and 
another on the knave of clubs has the date 1767. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of stars, in black. 

11 x 1| in. 

253. Place of issue uncertain, N. Meyer. Small pack, complete, 

printed in blue ink. On the knave of spades is a scroll in- 
scribed " Nicolaes Meyer." Backs decorated with a pattern of 
lozenges enclosing suns, in blue. 

2J x If in. 

254. Place of issue uncertain. H. T. Penningh ; late 18th century. 

Complete pack, printed in red ink, with theatrical characters on 
the court cards. Each of these has a tablet containing the names 
of the character and play, with a quotation below it. The aces 
have emblematical representations of various qualities, " Gutes 
und Bosses," "Macht und Ansehn," "Ruhe und Pracht," and 
"Ehre und Leiden." On the ace of spades is " H. T. Penningh 
inv. del. et sculpsit." Backs decorated with a small red pattern. 

3f x 2| in. [S. Yol. II, pi. 134.] 

255. Place of issue uncertain. I. I. Rolffsen; 18th century. Im- 

perfect pack of 50, having on the court cards prettily engraved 
oval medallions containing Shakspearean characters, Hamlet, 
Polonius, Macbeth, etc. The king and queen of diamonds (Lear 
and Cordelia) are signed " I. I. Rolffsen sc." Backs decorated 
with a small blue pattern. The missing cards are the 9 and queen 
of hearts. 

3f x 2\ in. 

256. Place of issue uncertain. L. W. ; 19th century. Small pack, 

complete. The knaves are courtiers carrying the crown and 
other insignia of royalty, and that of diamonds has also a shield 
inscribed " L. "W." All the court cards have a narrow ornamental 
border. Backs decorated with a pattern of stars and dots, in red. 

2| x 1\ in. 



120 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

257. Place of issue uncertain; 18th century. Complete engraved 

pack, in which the suitmarks occupy only the upper half of each 
card, the lower being filled with music. The court cards are of 
the French type, and have the French names Hogier, David, etc. 
Fancy vignettes on the aces. Uncoloured. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of stars, in red. 
4x2| in. 

258. Place of issue uncertain; modern. Complete pack, of the 

common kind, double-ended. No inscriptions. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of stars and dots, in blue. 
H x 2f in. 

259. Place of issue uncertain; 19th century. Small imperfect 

pack of 48, of the common kind, double-ended. No inscriptions. 
Backs decorated with a blue key pattern. The missing cards are 
the 9 of spades, the 4 and king of diamonds, and the 6 of clubs. 

3£ x If in. 

260. Place of issue uncertain; recent. Complete pack, of the 

common kind, double-ended. No inscriptions. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of small circles. In original wrapper lettered 
" extra feine Karten." 

3f x 21 in. 

261. Place of issue uncertain ; recent. " Comic-Karte." Complete 

pack, having humorous designs, with which the suitmarks are 
incorporated, on all the numerals. The court cards are historical 
and fancy figures, executed in chromolithography ; the king of 
spades is an American Indian, the queen Jeanne d'Arc, and the 
knave a man mowing. No inscriptions. Backs decorated with 
a small network pattern in red. In cardboard case lettered 
" Comic-Karte." 

3* x 2f in. 

This pack is copied, with variations, from one already in the 

Museum collection ( Wiltshire, 92). 
# 

262. Place of issue uncertain; modern. Imperfect pack of 51, of 
the common kind, double-ended. No inscriptions. The missing 
card is the 5 of clubs. Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern 
of stars, in red. 

3f x 2i in. 

263. Place of issue uncertain; modern. Complete pack, of the 

common kind, double-ended. The suitmark of each ace is en- 
closed in a fanciful frame. No inscriptions. 
3f x 2| in. 



GERMAN CARDS. 121 



264. Place of issue uncertain; 19th century. Complete pack, with 
characters in the opera " Der Freischutz" on the court cards. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of dots, in red. 

3f X 2 in. 



265. "Quadruple Marriage." Complete pack of small cards, on 

which the value is stated in words at the bottom, as "As de 
Cceurs," "Deux de Cceurs," etc.; with a plan and sheet of 
instructions. In cardboard case lettered "Die Quadrupel 
Mariage. . . . Le Quadruple Mariage, Nouveau Jeu de Com- 
merce." 

2\ x 1£ in. 

266. Fortune-telling. Mile. Lenormand's cards ; c. 1855. Complete 
pack, with three extra pieces, on two of which are figures of a 
male and a female cartomancist, while the third bears the title 
" Wahrsage Karten der Beriihmten Mile. Le Normand. Coblenz. 
Yerlag von J. Aug. Reiff," with a vignette representing an 
interview between Mile. Lenormand and Napoleon. Each piece 
has a variety of subjects, with a miniature card and a letter of 
the alphabet in the upper corners. Backs plain. In pasteboard 

case. 

3| x 21 in. 

Instructive. 

267. Geography. J. Hoffinann, 1678. "Typus Orbis Terrarum"; 

a series of maps of the countries of Europe, drawn by J. H. 
Seyfried and engraved by W. Pfann. Imperfect pack of 50, 
identical with that in the old Museum collection (Willshire, 
159), but carefully coloured throughout. The missing cards are 
the 5 of spades and 10 of clubs. Backs marbled. Edges gilt. 
In old leather case. 
4f x 2\ in. 

268. Military Science. "Das Festung Baues Spiel"; late 17th 

century. Complete engraved pack, for teaching the science of 
fortification ; copied from that designed by G. de la Boissiere 
(see French Sheets, No. 17), with German inscriptions. Backs 
decorated with a floral pattern. In pasteboard case inscribed 
" Ingenieur-Kunst Karten Spiel." 

3| x 2\ in. 

269. Military Science. " Das Festung Baues Spiel." Complete pack, 

similar in all respects to the last, but on a smaller scale. In 
ornamental pasteboard case. 

3£ X 2 in. 



122 CATALOGUE OF 0ARD8, 

270. Military Science. "Das Festung Baues Spiel." Complete 
pack, similar to No. 268. A cut-up sheet, with titles, rules, &c, 
which form eight extra pieces. " Das Festung Baues Spiel. In 
Verlag und zufinden bey Johann Ulrich Stapf dem Aeltern in 
Augspurg." 

271. Heraldry. Brianville. Complete pack, copied from that of 

Oronce Fine, called De Brianville (see French Packs, No. 130). 
The papal arms are those of Clement IX (1667-1670). Inscrip- 
tions in German. Engraved by J. L. Honnig, whose name is 
found on the kings of hearts and spades. Backs plain. In old 
pasteboard case. 

4 x 2| in. 

272. Heraldry; c. 1700. Complete pack (with the extra card, 
No. 53) ; copied from that issued in Paris, first by Silvestre and 
later by Daumont (see French Sheets, No. 15). The designs 
are all reversed and the inscriptions in German. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of coloured rosettes on a yellow ground. 

3f x 2i in. 

273. Heraldry; 17th century. Ten cards belonging to an engraved and 

coloured pack designed to display the armorial bearings of the 
ruling princes of Europe. A coat of arms occupies the centre of 
each card, having the title above and the description below, all 
in German. The value is indicated by a numbered suitmark in 
upper left corner. The pieces are : — the 2 of hearts (Prince 
of Waldeck), 3 of hearts (Duke of Mantua), 7 of hearts (Duke 
of Mecklenburg), 4 of spades (Grand Duke of Florence), 3 of 
diamonds (Elector of Brandenburg), 4 of diamonds (Duke of 
Lorraine), 8 of diamonds (the free Italian republics), ace of 
diamonds (King of Poland), 3 of clubs (Duke of Modena), and 
5 of clubs (Princes of East Friesland). Backs marbled. 

5 x 3 in. 



(g.) Packs of 40. 

These are used for playing Solo, and are similar in composition to Ombre 
packs, each suit consisting of ace-7, knave, queen and king. 

274. Berlin. J. P. Perrin ; late 18th century. Two complete packs 
(duplicates), hand-coloured. The court cards have the French 
names Lahire, Hogier, etc. The knave of clubs holds a tablet 
charged with the Prussian eagle, and in the lower part of the 
card is "De Jean Pierre Perrin a Berlin." The ace of hearts 



GERMAN CARDS. 123 



bears the Prussian duty stamp. Backs decorated with a small 
diagonal pattern, one pack in blue, the other in brown. Edges 
gilt. In old pasteboard case. 

3| x 2f in. 

275. Munich. A. B. Gobi; late 18th century. Imperfect pack of 38 

of the Bavarian type. On the knaves of clubs are the arms of 
Munich and the name " Andreas Benedictus Gobi." The missing 
cards are the 2 and 6 of hearts. Edges gilt. Backs decorated 
with a small diagonal pattern, in pink. In original pasteboard 

case. 

3£ x 2| in. 

276. Nuremberg. J. G. Backofen ; modern. Complete pack of the 

common kind, double-ended. A shield held by the knave of 
clubs bears the initial B. Backs decorated with a leaf pattern 
of black dots. In wrapper lettered " Feine Karten werden 
Fabricirt bey Johann Gotfrid Bakofen, Karten Fabriquant in 
Gostenhof bey Niirnberg." 

3| x 2i in. 

277. Wittenberg. G. H. W. ; 18th century. Brocade cards. Com- 

plete pack of somewhat similar workmanship to No. 189, but from 
designs of an ordinary French character. The knave of clubs is 
inscribed " G. H. W. Wittenberg," and the knave of spades 
" W. B. D. S. A. Z. F." Backs mottled red. 

3± x 2f in. 

(h.) Pack of 24. 

278. Frankfort on the Oder. C. L. Wiirth ; modern. An apparently 

complete pack, of the modern English type ; each suit consisting of 
9, 10, knave, queen, king and ace. The ace of spades is treated 
decoratively and inscribed " Fabrique de C. L. Wiirth. Frankfort 
s/O." Backs plain. 

3f x 2| in. 

(».) Fragmentary packs and odd cards. 

279. [Frankfort a/M.] Eleven cards belonging to a pack of the same 

class as No. 200 ; having views of Frankfort on the aces. The cards 
are : — the ace of hearts ; the ace, knave, queen and king of spades ; 
the ace, knave, queen and king of diamonds ; and the ace and 10 
of clubs. Backs decorated with a pattern of dots, in blue. 



124 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

280. [Frankfort a/M.] Thirteen cards belonging to a pack of the same 

kind as the last, having on the aces views of Wiesbaden, Ems, 
Schwalbaeh, etc. The cards are : — the ace, 9, 10, knave, queen 
and king of hearts ; the 7 and 10 of spades ; the ace of diamonds ; 
and the ace, knave, queen and king of clubs. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of dots, in red. 
3£ x 2f in. 

281. [Frankfort a/M.] -Six cards belonging to a pack of the same kind 

as the last, having uncoloured views of Wiesbaden and Biebrich. 
on the aces. The cards are : — the knave of diamonds ; the queen 
of clubs and the four aces. Backs decorated with a plaid pattern. 
3f x 2| in. 

282. Nuremberg. A. Haupold; late 18th century. Four court cards 
belonging to a pack of the Bavarian type, viz., the knave and 
king of spades and the knave and king of clubs. On the king 
of spades is a shield inscribed " Yerfertigt von Andreas Haupold 
in Nurnberg." Backs decorated with an orange coloured pattern 
of stars. 

3J x 2J in. 

283. Ratisbon. F. D. Mihler; late 18th century. Twelve cards belonging 

to two packs of the old French type, viz., the knave and queen 
of hearts ; the knave, queen and king of spades ; ace, two knaves, 
queen and king of diamonds ; and knave and queen of clubs. 
On the knave of spades is "Franz Dominicus," on that of clubs 
" Miller," and on the queen of hearts "in Regenspurg." Backs of 
nine of the pieces decorated with a small red pattern ; those of the 
remaining three with a pattern of stars, in blue. 

3£ x 2h in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 130.] 

284. Ratisbon. Four court cards belonging to a pack of the old 

French type, viz., the knaves of hearts, spades and diamonds, 
and the queen of diamonds. The knave of spades has a scroll 
inscribed "zu finden in Regensburg." Backs decorated with a 
small diagonal pattern, in red. 
3J x 2& in. 

285. Eight odd cards of various kinds and sizes, viz. — an ace of hearts ; 

a 3 and a knave of spades ; a 3, 8 and two kings of diamonds ; 
and a knave of clubs. 

286. Twenty-five cards belonging to a modern burlesque pack, some 
treated diagonally. No inscriptions. Of uncertain nationality. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of purple balls. 

3£ x 2| in. 



GERMAN CARDS. 125 



IV.— WITH ITALIAN SUITS. 

(a.) Tarot packs of 78. 

287. Augsburg. J. C. Hes; 18th century. Complete pack, with 

French titles. On the 2 of cups is " Johann Christoph Hes," on 
the 2 of coins " Johann Christoph Hes in Augspurg," and on the 4 
of coins the initials I. C. H. Backs decorated with a black 
diagonal pattern. 

4| x 2\ in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 122.] 

288. Mannheim. J. Neumur; 18th century. Complete pack, with 

French titles. The 2 of cups and 2 of coins bear the words 
" Taros Fin de Johanes Neumur in Manheim." Backs mottled. 
U X 2f in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 124.] 

289. Munich. A. B. Gobi ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 37. On 

the 4 of coins is a shield bearing the initials A. B. G. Names 
of the court cards and atouts in French. The missing cards are : 
the ace-10 and knight of cups ; the ace-10 of swords ; ace-3 and 
knight of coins ; ace, 3 and 10 of clubs ; and Nos. I-IV, VI and 
XV-XXII of the atouts. Back decorated with a pink diagonal 
pattern. 

4f x 2f in. 

290. Neuhaus. F. Schober, 1750. Complete pack, with French 

titles. On the 2 of coins is " Feine Taros bey Ferdinand Schober 
in Neuhaus 1750," and on the 2 of swords " Aufrichtig gespielt 
und wohlgemein erhalt dass geldt unargutte freunt 1751." Backs 
decorated with a pattern of black stars. 
5| x 2\ in. 

291. Salzburg. I. R. M. ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 77, with 

French titles. The initials I. R. M. appear on the 4 of coins 
and No. VII of the atouts, and on the 2 of cups is "In Salzburg," 
with the arms of that city. Backs decorated with a pattern of 
stars, in blue. The missing card is the 7 of coins. 
4£ x 2\ in. 

292. Stuttgart. C. G. Suss. Fragmentary pack of 26, viz.— the 2 

and 7 of cups; the ace, 3-6 and 8-10 of swords; the 3-10 of 
coins ; the 2-5 and 7-9 of clubs and No. XVIII of the atouts. 
This last is of the modern German kind, with a natural history 
subject. On the 2 of cups is "Zu finden bey Carl Gottlieb Suss 
in Stuttgardt," and the 4 of money bears the initials C. G. S. 
Backs mottled blue. 
4f x 2h in. 



126 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

293. Trieste. A. Valla; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 74, with 

French titles ; made in the Italian manner, the paper forming the 
backs being folded over the front to make a border. On the 2 of 
cups is " Fabriea di Angelo Valla in Trieste." Backs decorated 
with two different designs, one a figure of Ceres, the other a 
floral pattern with the words " In Trieste." The missing cards 
are the 9 of swords, the 3 and king of money, and Matto. 

4f x 21 in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 123.] 

294. Wels (Austria); 18th century. Imperfect pack of 76, with 

French titles. On the 2 of coins is the word Wels. The missing 
cards are the 2 of cups and No. VIII of the atouts. Backs 
mottled. 

4J x 2h in. 

295. Place of issue uncertain. G. M.; early 19th century. Complete 

pack. The pip cards are of the usual Italian type, but the court 
cards are double-ended, with costume figures of modern design. 
The atouts are of the modern German kind with natural history 
subjects. The initials G. M. appear on the 4 and 2 of money. 
Backs mottled blue and yellow. 

41 x 2| in. 

296. Place of issue uncertain. M. J. A. Schniepher, 1754. Frag- 

mentary pack of 21, with French titles, viz. — the 6, 7, 9 and 10 
of cups ; the 3, 4, 6, 7 and 8 of swords ; the ace, 2, 4, 6, 7 and 
queen of coins ; the ace, 3, 4, 8 and 9 of clubs, and No. XIV of 
the atouts. The 2 of coins is inscribed "M. Joseph Andoni 
Schniepher 1754," and on the 4 of coins are the initials F. X. B. 
Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern in black. 

4f x 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 124.] 

297. Place of issue uncertain. One atout (No. XI), belonging to a 

double-ended pack of the modern German type, and representing 
a sportsman in 18th century costume killing a stag. The card is 
made in the Italian fashion, the paper of the back being folded 
over the front to form a border, and the back decorated with a 
design of a ruined building with a statue in front, in blue. 

41 x 21 in. 



298. Fortune-telling. Etteilla. Imperfect pack of 75, neatly 
engraved but coarsely coloured. The subjects are identical with 
those in No., 19 of the French packs, but quite differently and 
much less artistically treated. The pieces are numbered through- 
out and have a German title at each end ; No. 1 is inscribed 



GERMAN CARDS. 127 



"Etteilla" and " Der Forschende." Nos. 8, 52 and 53 are 
missing, but the places of the last two have been supplied by 
hand-drawn copies. Backs decorated with a diagonal pattern of 
stars, in red. In pasteboard case. 

4£ x 2f in. 



(6.) Tarocchi pack of 54. 

Similar in composition to Nos. 174-184. 

299. Fribourg. J. Krebs; 18th century. Complete pack, with 
French titles. On the 2 of cups is " Tarots Fin fait par 
Joseph Krebs de Fribourg en Brisgau." The 2 of coins is without 
inscription, which is unusual. Backs decorated with a check 
pattern, brown and white. 

4f x 2h in. [S. Yol. II, pi. 124.] 

300. Kempten. F. J.Leipert; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 41, 

double-ended, with figures on the court cards in 18th century 
costumes. On the 2 of cups are the arms of the Abbey of 
Kempten and a tablet inscribed " Franz Jacob Leipert Privile- 
girter Kartenmacher im Stift Kempten." Court cards and atouts 
are without titles. The 13 missing cards are: the queen and 
king of cups ; the 7, knave and king of swords ; the knave and 
queen of coins ; the 8 of clubs ; and atouts Y, VIII, XII, XIII 
and XV. Backs mottled. 

4J x 2i in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 125.] 

301. X. Kurz, 1801. Imperfect pack of 48, with French titles. On 

No. VII of the atouts is " X. Kurz Graveur 1801." The missing 
cards* are the 2 of coins (which probably contained the maker's 
name), the 7 and 9 of swords ; the 2 of cups ; the 7 of clubs 
and No. XIV of the atouts. Backs mottled red. 

4| x 2h in. [S. Yol. II, pi. 124.] 



(c.) Trappola packs of 36. 

In these the 3, 4, 5 and 6 of each suit are suppressed, and knights 
are substituted for queens, 

302. Breslau (Wratislaw). F. Buchhold, 1784. Complete pack, of 
the usual Italian type, but with the suitmarks of money repre- 
sented as flowers ; coarsely executed and coloured. On the ace 



128 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

of clubs is "Franz Buchhold 1784," and on that of swords 
" Wratislaviae." The 2 of swords bears the following lines : — 

Vieles eitle kan man lieben 
In der Welt und wird getrieben 
Und wer liebt mem Kartenspiel 
Halte nur recht maas und ziel. 

Backs decorated with a small black pattern. 

5f x 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 122.] 

303. Gratz. J. Fetscher, 1739. Imperfect pack of 28. The ace of 
clubs is inscribed " In Graz bey Joseph Fetscher Burger," the 2 of 
swords " 1739 Joseph Fetscher Burger in Graz," the king of cups 
"In Stat Gratz," and the king of swords "I. S. T. F. 1741." 
The missing cards are : the ace and 7 of cups ; the ace, knave and 
kings of coins; and the 2, knave and king of clubs. Backs 
decorated with a black diaper. In pasteboard case. 

5| x 2f in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 122.] 

304. Gratz. A. Herlblerg ; modern. Complete pack, double-ended. 
The 2 of swords is inscribed " Diese feine Trapulier Karten sind 
zu finden bei Anton Herlblerg Karten Mahler in Graz." Backs 
decorated with a zigzag pattern in black and brown. 

5£ x 21 in. 

305. Gratz. L. Milchram, 1782. Complete pack, double-ended. The 

figures on the court cards are apparently representative of the 
four quarters of the globe. The coin suitmarks are given the 
form of roses. The 2 of swords bears the inscription " Dise Feine 
Karten seind zu haben bey Leopold Milchram Burgerlicher 
Karten Maler in Gratz 1782"; and on a scroll on the ace of 
clubs is "Auch von allerhand gatungen der Karten seind zu 
haben Leopold Milchram in Kleinfarber gast." On the 7 of 
coins are two stamps, one that of the maker, dated 1814. Backs 
mottled brown. 

5f x 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 119-121.] 

306. Nuremberg. N. Eckel ; 18th century. Complete pack, coarsely 

executed and coloured. The name of the maker, Nicol Eckel, 
appears on the ace of cups and also on that of clubs, where it is 
accompanied by the arms of Nuremberg. Backs decorated with a 
diagonal black pattern. 
3f x 2f in. 

307. Prague. E. Klogner; 18th century. Complete pack, double- 
ended. On the ace of clubs is " Em — Klogner — in Prag. N — 
347." Backs decorated with a pattern of squares enclosing 
suns. 

5f x 2f in. 



GERMAN CARDS. 129 



308. Prague. W. Sewera. Imperfect pack of 32, double-ended. The 

coin suitmarks are flowers. On the ace of clubs is " W. Sewera 
in Prag." Backs decorated with a blue and yellow pattern. The 
missing cards are the 2 of cups, the ace of swords ; and the 8 and 
knight of clubs. 

4J x 2\ in. 

309. Prague. A. Schnekch ; 17th century. Complete pack, well 

engraved and heavily coloured. The figures on the court cards 
are in 17th century costumes. The king of coins is inscribed at 
the top " Stadt khardten zu finden pey Augustin Schnekch," and at 
the bottom " In der Altstadt Prag." The knave of clubs supports 
a shield which is charged with two batons in saltire, and that of 
cups a shield on which is "a bunch of grapes. Backs decorated 
with a black pattern of lozenges enclosing suns. Edges gilt. In 
old brown pasteboard case. 

3J x 2* in. [S. Yol. II, pi. 126.] 

310. Vienna. L. Arnold, 1839. Complete pack, double-ended. On 

the ace of clubs is " Fabricirt von Leonhard Arnold," and on the 
2 of swords " Logird in der Leobold Stadt in der Dandelmargt 
Gasse No. 265." The 10 of coins bears the duty stamp and also 
that of the maker, both dated 1839. Backs decorated with a 
zigzag pattern in black and brown. 

4| x 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 122.] 

311. Vienna. J. Glanz ; modern. Complete pack, double-ended. On 

the 2 of swords is " Joseph Glanz in Wien Niederlage am Kohl- 
markt No. 279." Backs mottled purple. 

4f x 2f in. 

312. Vienna. J. Glanz ; recent. Complete pack, double-ended. The 

coin suitmarks have the form of roses. On the ace of clubs is 
" Jos. Glanz in Wien." Backs decorated with a zigzag pattern 
in black and brown. In original wrapper lettered " Joseph Glanz, 
Patent-Karten S. Prager-TrapuKer F.", etc. 

4J x 2\ in. 

313. Vienna. J. Glanz ; recent. Complete pack, similar to the last, 

but larger ; same inscription on the ace of clubs. Same pattern on 
the backs. In original wrapper lettered " Patent-Karten Feine 
Trapulier aus der k. k. privil. Spielkarten-Fabrik Joseph 
Glanz," etc. 

5 x 21 in. 



130 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

314. Trento. L. V. Zeni. Complete pack of 36, of Italian style and 
make, different in composition from the trappola packs above 
described, each suit consisting of ace-6, knave, cavalier and king. 
The 2 of swords bears a stamp " Fabb. L. V. Zeni, Trento," and 
on the ace of coins are the duty stamp and that of the maker. 
Backs decorated with a panel of leaf ornament in blue. With a 
duplicate 5 of swords. 

3f x 1J in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 123-4.] 



(d.) Pack of 52. 

315. Trento. Bendelli, 1829. Complete pack, similar in style and 
make to No. 314 ; with Italian mottoes on the aces of cups and 
clubs. Knights take the place of queens. The 2 of swords bears 
the name "Bendelli in Trento" and a duty stamp dated 1829. 
Backs decorated with a panel of ornament in blue. 

3f x If in. 



V.— WITH EMBLEMATIC AND SCRIPTURE SUITS. 

316. Dr. T. Schroeter's emblematical cards ; recent. Pack of 32, 

with the suitmarks turnips, sunflowers, acorns and ivy leaves. 
In original wrapper, lettered " Dr. T. Schroeter's neue deutsche 
Spielkarte, 32 Blatt, Nr. 1. Mathilde." 

4| x 2i in. 

317. Dr. Schroeter's emblematical cards. Pack of 36, similar to 

the last. In original wrapper, lettered " Dr. T. Schroeter's neue 
deutsche Spielkarte, 36 Blatt, No. 3. Toni." 

318. Dr. Schroeter's emblematical cards. Another edition. Pack 

of 36, double-ended, with the suitmarks hearts, spades, bolts and 
acorns. In original wrapper lettered " Dr. T. Schroeter's neue 
Spielkarte, No. 4 Elsa," etd. 

3f x 2f in. 

319. Dr. Schroeter's emblematical cards. Pack of 52, similar to 

the last. In original wrapper lettered " Dr. T. Schroeter's neue 
Whistkarte, No. 6 Emma," etc. 

320. Old Testament History; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 

34, with flowers (yellow, red, blue and brown) as suitmarks. 
Each card has an engraved representation of some subject in the 
Old Testament, with four German lines below, and the value 



GERMAN CARDS. 131 



stated in a space at the top, as " Gelbe Daus," " Gelbe V," etc. 
The cards are : — deuce, 5-9, queen and king of yellow ; deuce, 
5-king of red ; deuce, 5-8, 10-king of blue; and 5-9, knave 
and queen of brown. Coarsely coloured, Backs plain. 

4 x 2J in. 



VI.— WITHOUT SUITS. 

(a.) For the Vogelspiel. 

This is similar to the Italian game of Cucu (see ante, p. 28), but 
the number of cards is reduced to 32. 

321. Linz. J. G. Pichler; 18th century. Complete pack. Two of 

the cards (the houses) bear inscriptions which together read 
" Dise Karden seind zu finden bey Johan Georg Pichler in Linz." 
Backs decorated with a leaf pattern in red. With MS. sheet of 
rules. In soft leather case. 

3* x 2J in. 

322. Munich. A. B. Gobi; modern. Complete pack. On the two 

cards of houses is " A. B. Gobi, Munchen." Backs decorated 
with a small pattern in purple. 

3§ x 2J in. 

323. Munich. J. Fetscher; late 18th century. Complete pack. On 

one of the cards of houses is " Joseph Fetscher," and on the other 
" Kartenfabrikant in Munchen." Backs decorated with a pattern 
of circles and stars in blue. 

3| x 21 in. 

324. Nuremberg. J. H. Schenck; modern. Complete pack, very 

coarsely executed. The two cards of houses bear inscriptions 
which together read " Diese karte ist zu finde bey Joh. Heinr. 
Schenck in Nurnberg." Backs decorated with a small pattern in 
terra-cotta. In original wrapper lettered " PfeifF 41." 

3f x 2} in. 

325. Passau. M. Schatzberger ; 18th century. Complete pack, with 

printed sheet of instructions. On one of the cards of houses 
is " Yon Michael Schatzberger bur. Kart : Fabricant in Passau." 
Backs decorated with a floral pattern in blue. (See German 
Sheets, No. 52.) 

3f x 2J in. 



132 CATALOGUE OF CARDS, 

326. Place of issue uncertain. A. Fescher; 18th century. Com- 
plete pack, with printed sheet of instructions. On one of the 
cards of houses is " Dise Karten ist," and on the other " Z\i 
Finden Bey Antoni Fescher Kar. Ma." Backs decorated with 
a pattern of squares enclosing crescents in blue. In cardboard 
case lettered "16 Gemeinkarten und 6 Spielmarken urn Thier- 
gartenspiel." 

Sh x 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 153 and 154.] 



(&.) Fortune-telling. 

327. Berlin. Beuckert & Radetzki. Mile. Lenormand's cards; 

modern. Complete pack of 36, uncoloured ; with printed sheet 
of instructions. Each piece has two emblematical subjects and a 
border containing cabalistic signs. Backs plain. In pasteboard 
case, on which is a kneeling figure of Mile. Lenormand with 
the title " Mile. Lenormand's untrugliehe Wahrsagekarten. . . . 
Vorrathig bei Beuckert & Radetzki, Berlin, alte Jacobstrasse 86." 
3i x 2| in. 

328. Frankfort a/M. ; modern. Complete pack of 32, with the same 

designs as the preceding, the titles being given in German, 
French, English and Dutch. Backs decorated with a blue 
diaper. In original wrapper. [Said to be published by J. A. 
Steinberger at Frankfort.] 

3£ x 2| in. 

329. Munich. Baumgartner, 1813. Complete pack of 36, similar in 

character to the preceding, with the titles in German only. At 
the top of the first card is " von Kartenmacher Baumgartner in 
Miinchen " ; and another, entitled " Ein Haus," is the front of a 
house over the door of which is the date 1813. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of dots and stars in blue. 

Si x 2i in. 

330. [Munich ?] 1813. Imperfect pack of 34, having the same 

designs and titles as the last, and the same date, but without 
the publisher's name. Backs decorated with a smaller pattern of 
stars and dots. Soiled and injured. 
3£ x 2J in. 

331. [Munich P] ; early 19th century. Complete pack of 32, similar 

in character to the preceding. Coarsely coloured. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of dots and crescents in black. 
3| x 2i in. 



GERMAN CARDS. 



332. Vienna. H. F. Miiller ; early 19th century. " Bilder Aufschlag- 

spiel." Complete pack of 52, each having a coloured engraving 
of an emblematical or fanciful subject, with the title below in 
German, French and Italian. Backs plain. A printed sheet of 
explanation in the three languages accompanies the pack. In 
cardboard case lettered " Bilder Aufschlag spiel zur geselligen 
und muntern Unterhaltung. Wien bey H. F. Miiller Kohlmarkt 
No. 1218." 

3£ x 2* in. 

333. [Vienna ?] Modern. Imperfect pack of 25, with similar 

subjects to the last; the titles in German, Hungarian and 
Czech. Backs plain. Soiled and injured. 

3| x 2* in. 



334. Questions and Answers; 18th century. Pack of 89 printed 
cards, each containing either a question or an answer. The 
question cards have plain borders, and the answer cards, which 
are somewhat larger, have ornamental ones. Backs marbled. In 
old pasteboard case. 

335. Love and Friendship; 18th century. " Weissagungen im 

Gebiete der Liebe und Freundschaf t ; ein neues Frag und Ant- 
wortspiel." The game consists of 20 cards decorated with small 
coloured vignettes, and 20 others, larger, each containing 12 
sentences, questions, answers, etc. A sheet of directions with 
the above title accompanies the pack. Backs mottled. In 
original pink cardboard case on which is the title. 



(c) Lottery. 

336. Augsburg. J. Heichele; 18th century. A game consisting of 

50 engraved picture cards, 50 cards with printed sentences of a 
fortune-telling character, and 50 lottery cards of which 30 are 
prizes and 20 blanks. One of the prize cards is missing. A 
printed sheet of instructions, entitled " Das angenehme Lotterie- 
Spiel," and signed " Augspurg bey Johann Heichele," accompanies 
the game, which is in a pasteboard case. 

337. Frankfort & Leipsic ; 18th century. Similar game to the last, 

the designs on the picture cards being the same, but without any 
blanks amongst the 50 lottery cards. With printed sheet of 
instructions. In pasteboard case lettered " Angenehmes Lotterey 
Spiel bestehend in 50 auserlesenen Sinnbildern nebst 50 Devisen. 
Vertheilt in drey Classen. Frankfurt und Leipzig." 



134 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

338. Nuremberg. J. M. Schmidt; early 19th century. Similar 
game to the above, but consisting of 180 instead of 150 pieces. 
The picture cards are coloured and the lottery cards are in six 
classes, without blanks. An engraved "Plan" of the game, 
bearing the address of Schmidt, accompanies the pack. In 
pasteboard case. 

339. Vienna. H. F. Miiller ; early 19th century. " Kedoute Lotterie 

— Lotterie en Masque." A game of 28 small and 10 large cards, 
the latter bearing figures of " Dame," " Ritter," " Courrier," etc. 
With three printed explanatory sheets in French and German. 
In pasteboard case lettered " Redoute Lotterie, ein Spiel fur 
grossere und kleinere Gesellschaften, . . . Wien bey H. F. 
Miiller," etc. 

340. Place of issue uncertain ; early 19th century. Game similar 

to "No. 336 ; complete. In the picture cards, which are coloured, 
the subjects are inclosed in ovals and have dice above, and the 
sentences on the motto cards are in German, French and Dutch. 
With sheet of explanatory text in the same languages, with the 
title "Neue Klassen-Lotterie deutsch und franzosisch." Backs 
mottled red. In pasteboard case, which is lettered with the 
title in German and French. 

341. Place of issue uncertain; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 

46 of the 60 picture cards belonging to a game similar to 
No. 336 ; neatly engraved and in some instances coarsely 
coloured. The missing cards are Nos. 2, 9, 13, 18, 24, 31-34, 
43, 51, 55, 57 and 59. 
21 x 1| in. 

342. Place of issue uncertain; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 50 

engraved picture cards belonging to a game similar to the last. 
The numbers are placed in small cartouches at the tops of the 
cards. The missing numbers are Nos. 20 and 26. 
2f x If in. 

343. Place of issue uncertain; 18th century. The first 25 of a 

pack of the engraved picture cards belonging to a similar game 
to the last. The numbers are in plain spaces at the bottom of 
the cards. Coarsely coloured. In pasteboard case. 
2f x 1\ in. 

344. Place of issue uncertain; c. 1775. Imperfect pack of the 60 

picture cards belonging to a similar game to the last, all being 
bust portraits of ladies wearing various kinds of head-dresses. 
Coarsely coloured. The twenty-one missing cards are the 4, 7, 
13, 15, 16, 18, 19, 26-28, 30, 32, 34, 39, 40, 46, 49, 51, 55, 56 
and 59. 



GERMAN CARDS. 135 



345. Place of issue uncertain; early 18th century. " Egyptischen 

Lotterie." A set of six cards, each divided into seventy squares 
containing numerals and coloured hieroglyphics, with a circular 
" Tabelle " which is divided into 12 compartments containing 
various Egyptian figures, coloured. 

5 x 4 in. 

346. Sorcery cards; 17th century. Sixteen of a pack of 20, of 

which the first has the figure of a Jew, the second that of a 
servant, and the rest various animals, a mouse, cat, dog, owl, etc. 
All bear German mottoes, e.g. " die Maus wurd von die Katz 
gefresen," " die Katz frist die Maus," etc., and are numbered at 
the top 1-20. Executed on wood and coloured. The missing 
cards are Nos. 5, 9, 11 and 15. Backs mottled red. 

3J x 2} in. 

347. Sorcery cards. Complete pack of 20. Modern facsimile of an 

old set similar in character and subjects to the last, but from 
other designs. [Said to be published by J. A. Steinberger at 
Frankfort.] Backs decorated with a plaid pattern. In original 
wrapper. 

3f x 2| in. 

(d.) Instructive. 

348. Roman and German Emperors; 17th century. Sixty-two 

engraved portraits of emperors of Rome and Germany, down to 
Ferdinand III ; each enclosed in an oval spandrel, with Latin 
title and motto and a German distich below. Though mounted 
as cards they are illustrations to a book, a reference to which 
appears at the top of each. Backs decorated with a pattern of 
blue stars. 

4£ x 2| in. 

349. German Emperors; late 18th century. Pack of 54, each con- 

taining a small woodcut medallion portrait of an emperor, with a 
letterpress account of him below. The series begins with 
Charlemagne and ends with Joseph II, who succeeded in 1765. 
With printed instructions entitled "Nachricht die deutsche 
Kaiserkarte betreffend." Backs decorated with a diagonal 
pattern of blue stars. In leather-covered case resembling a 
book, lettered " Deutsche Keiserkarte." 

5| x 3f in. 

350. Rulers of Saxony ; 17th century. Thirty-five of a set of en- 

graved half-length portraits of Saxon kings and princes from 



136 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

Harderich (b.c. 70) to Frederick the Pious (a.d. 1541.) Each has 
a German inscription and Latin motto in the lower part, and all 
are numbered, the first being 57 and the last 513. Backs plain. 
In old pasteboard case. 

5| x 3 in. 

351. Sovereigns and Cities ; c. 1780. Pack of 52, on 30 of which 

are small whole length figures of the reigning sovereigns, electors, 
etc., of Europe, the remaining 22 containing views of their chief 
cities. All have titles in German in the upper part, as " Kdnig 
von Grossbrittanien," " London, R. des K. v. England." Coarsely 
engraved and uncoloured. Backs mottled. 
SI x 2 in. 

352. French Revolution; c. 1790. "Le Jeu de la Revolution, ou 

nouveau Jeu mathematique a triangles.'' Pack of 32 triangular 
cards which, when placed together, form a view of the Bastille 
and the Porte St. Antoine at Paris ; engraved by I. F. Volckart, 
of Nuremberg. One card is missing. The pack is accompanied 
by a complete impression of the engraving, which serves as a key 
to the game. Backs mottled purple. In pasteboard case lettered 
with the above title in German and French. 

353. Geography ; 18th century. Pack of 40, each of which is a map of 

some portion of the world, ignorantly engraved and coarsely 
coloured. Backs plain green. In pasteboard case lettered " Geo- 
graphisches Spiel." 

2|x2 in. 

354. Voyage round the World. Nuremberg; J. G. Klinger, 1814. 

A game consisting of 32 coloured prints of the costumes of various 
nations, in five divisions, Europe, Asia, Africa, America and 
Australia, each accompanied by a map of that portion of the globe. 
With sheet of letterpress entitled " Reisen in die fiinf Welttheile 
oder Nazionen Spiel," etc., dated 1808, and a book giving 
descriptions of the various nations, by J. W. Miiller and J. G. 
Klinger, 1813. In pasteboard case, on which is a group of repre- 
sentatives of the five continents, with the title " Reisen in die 
Fiinf Weltthiele mit 32 Nationen und VI Land Carten 1814." 

3f x 4 in. 

355. "Der reisende Vetter — Le Cousin Voyageur;" early 19th 

century. Pack of 27, on nine of which are coloured representa- 
tions of the pastimes of various nations, which are described in 
German and French letterpress on the other eighteen. Eight 
smaller cards, on which are heraldic shields with fancy charges 



GERMAN CARDS. 137 



and numbers 5-1 2, accompany the pack ; also eight wooden dice 
and a sheet of instructions in German and French. In original 
pasteboard case, on which is a coloured engraving of a group of 
three men and a woman in a landscape, with the title. 

356. Costumes of Augsburg ; early 18th century. Pack of 33, giving 

engraved figures of men and women in costumes of different classes. 
At the bottom of each card is engraved the title in German and 
French, and most of them bear the address " Joh. Fried. Probst 
exc. Aug. Vind." Coloured. Backs plain. 

3f x 2h in. 

357. Costumes of Augsburg ; early 18th century. Pack of 33, 

similar in character to the last, but varying in the subjects and 
designs. Without publisher's name. Coloured. Backs plain. In 
pasteboard case. 

3| x 2i in. 

358. Oriental Costumes ; early 18th century. Pack of 27, similar in 

character to the last, but illustrating the costumes of Asiatic 
peoples. Every card has its title in German and French. Backs 
plain. 

3| x 2£ in. 

359. Costumes of eastern Europe; c. 1820. Sixteen cards, each 

having either one or two figures showing the costumes of Turkish 
and Austrian provinces ; with emblematical devices in the upper 
corners. On one, entitled " Herz-Cceur," is a young lady holding 
up a heart. Coloured. Backs plain. Perhaps part of a lottery 
game. 

4£ x 3J in. 

360. Trades. " Kunst und Gewerkschule." A game consisting of 24 

small coloured prints representing various trades and 24 printed 
cards giving descriptions. With printed sheet of directions. In 
green pasteboard case, lettered " Die Kunst und Gewerk-Schule. 
Ein unterhaltendes und belehrendes Spiel," etc. 

361. Alphabet. Pack of 25 cards for teaching children the alphabet. 

Each gives the various written and printed forms of a letter, with 
a coloured vignette in the centre. With printed tract entitled 
" Neues lateinisch und deutsches ABC Spiel fur Kinder, mit 
Yorstellungen aus der Naturgeschichte . . . JNurnberg, bei G. P. 
I. Bieling." In pasteboard case, on which the above title is 
repeated. Backs mottled purple. 
4| x 2| in. 



138 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

362. Alphabet; early 19th century. Pack of 72, each having a letter 

of the Gothic alphabet decorated with some fanciful subject. The 
second half of the pack is a repetition of the first, the subjects in 
one set being executed in white outlines on a black ground, and 
those in the other coloured. In lithography. In green paste- 
board case lettered " 72 Bildertafeln zu J. I. Wich's Handbueh. 
Niirnberg bei G. N. Renner & Comp." 
4| x 4£ in. 

363. " Tempel der Tugend und Gliickseligkeit — Le Temple de la 

Vertu et de la Felicite ; Jeu allegorique instructif." The 
game consists of 16 cards, numbered 25-40, each having a printed 
aphorism in German and French ; with a cardboard plan on which 
it is played. With eight pages of printed directions, and a 
packet of six counters. In green pasteboard case which bears 
the above title. 

(e.) Fanciful. 

364. "Combinations oder mathematisehes Desseinspiel — Le 

Jeu du Combination ou du Parquet." A game of triangles, 
consisting of 16 pasteboard parti-coloured triangles, which form 
8 squares (one of the triangles is missing). With sheet of 4 
diagrams and printed directions. In pasteboard box which bears 
the above title. 

365. " Pfand und Comando Spiel." Fifteen of a set of 16 engraved 

and coloured cards, each having some domestic subject, with a 
sentence in German and French above and two German lines 
below. With engraved sheet of directions. In pasteboard case 
inscribed " Pfand und Comando Spiel, zu finden bey Georg Vogel 
Kupfersticher in Wohrd, bey Niirnberg. " 
2| x 2| in. 

366. "Das Spiel der Liebenden und Verliebten " ; 18th century. 

A pack of 20, with figures of different classes of lovers, each having 
a German title and a representation of a throw of three dice; 
with a title card, engraved directions, signed "Joh. Trautner 
excudit JSTor," and six ivory dice enclosed in a wooden cylindrical 
box. In original pasteboard case. 
U X If in. 

367. "Die Luftreise, ein unterhalten des Gesellschaftsspiel." 

A game consisting of six cards containing fancy figures, engraved 
and coloured, and "six others on each of which is engraved the 
name of a city, viz., — Leipzig, Niirnberg, Wien, Prag, Regens- 
burg and Petersburg. With engraved sheet of directions. In 
pasteboard case which bears the above title. 



GEBMAN CARDS. 139 



368. "Tugend und Laster." (Virtues and Vices.) A pack of 
50 engraved and coloured cards illustrating these qualities. 
Numbered throughout in pairs, " No. 1. a," " No. 1. aa," etc. In 
pasteboard case which is lettered " Tugend u. Laster, ein Gessell- 
schaftsspiel mit 50 ilium. Kupfern. Leipzig Industrie Comptoir." 

3f x 2| in. 

369. Chinese puzzle. "Das grosse chinesische Rathselspiel fur 

die gebildete Welt in 50 bildlichen Darstellungen." A pack 
of 50 engraved jand coloured cards, on which are a variety of 
subjects, in which the chief object is formed entirely of squares 
and triangles. A wooden frame, with 14 triangles of wood and 
cardboard, accompanies the pack, also a card of directions. In 
pasteboard case bearing the above inscription with " Frankfurt 
a/M. bey C. B. Wiist." 

3| x 2| in. 

370. Chinese puzzle. " Hieroglyphen oder Bilderschrift." A pack 
of 22 engraved and coloured cards, on each of which is a 
grotesque figure formed entirely of triangles and squares. In 
pasteboard case, on the lid of which is a representation of a lady 
with two children in a garden, with the above title in German, 
French and English. 

3f x 2f in. 

371. Questions and Answers ; 18th century. Pack of 50 engraved 

cards (one missing), forming two series of 25, each having a social 
or fanciful subject with a question or answer in the lower margin. 
The backs of one series are mottled, those of the other are plain. 
Four of the cards have been taken from another pack. In 
original pasteboard case. 

2 x If in. 

372. Questions and Answers ; modern. Pack of 60 yellow cards, 
on each of which is either the upper or the lower half of some 
burlesque figure. On each upper portion is a question and on 
each lower portion an answer. German letterpress on the backs. 
In pasteboard case. 

1£ x 2 in. 

373. Questions and Answers. A series of 183 long narrow cards, 

28 of which have in the centre small playing cards of the French 
type; 28 others are domino cards, 12 are blanks, and the 
remainder bear manuscript questions and answers in Latin, 
Italian, German and French. In old leather-covered case. 
H x If in. 



140 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

374. " Gliiek zu ! oder der Weg zum Gliick — La Fortune vous 

rit." A set of six engraved and coloured cards, representing 
respectively a traveller, a prince, a merchant, a peasant, an artist 
and a soldier, each with four German lines. They are accompanied 
by an engraved plan and printed directions in German and 
French. In green pasteboard case which bears the above title. 
Hi x 2 J in. 

375. Twelve engraved and coloured cards, forming part of a game ; 

each representing a knight on horseback, with title below in 
German and French, as " Der Gold-Bitter," " Der Ungliicks- 
ritter," etc. In the upper corners are symbolical devices, a cross, 
a sword, a ring, etc. Backs mottled red. 
4f x 3 in. 

376. A single card, with figure of a fool in cap and bells. 

Uncoloured. Back plain. 
3i x 2J in. 

377. Counter cards ; 18th century. Pack of 30, each having in the 
upper part a number in red ink (100-12000), and in the lower a 
row of five minute playing cards, which are in every instance the 
same, viz., the king, queen, ace, 4 and 5 of clubs. In leather- 
covered case. 

If x 2f in. 

378. Counters. A leather-covered pasteboard case, enclosing four 
pasteboard boxes which contain bone counters, some fish-shaped. 

379. Nine plates of fashionable headdresses for ladies; en- 
graved by D. Chodowiecki, E. Riepenhausen, etc., as illustrations 
to calendars. 



SWISS. 

The old national cards of Switzerland bear a general resemblance to 
those of Germany, from which they are derived ; but two of the suits are 
altered, shields and flowers being substituted for hearts and leaves. The 
packs made at and near Schaffhausen usually consist of 36 cards, each 
suit being composed of ace, 6-9, two knaves and king ; those made in the 
neighbourhood of Soieure of 48, the threes, fours and fives being added. 
Except in some modern instances, Swiss tarot packs have Italian suit- 
marks and French titles, and are identical in subject and general design 
with those of northern Italy and eastern France, but the figures on the 
court cards are frequently given native costumes. 



SWISS CARDS. 141 



L— TAROT PACKS OP 78. 

1. Diessenhofen. J. G. R. ; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 64, 

engraved and coloured. On the 2 of cups is " Fabrique de Cartes 
a Diessenhofen," and on the two of coins " Fabrique de Kartes a 
Diessenhofen " ; on a shield in centre of the 4 of coins are the 
initials "J. G. R." On the second atout "Junon" takes the 
place of " La Papesse." The missing cards are the 3 and knight 
of cups ; the 6, 8 and knight of coins ; the 2 and 8 of clubs ; 
and Nos. Y, XIII-XV, XVII, XX and XXI of the atouts. Backs 
mottled purple. 

4f x 2f in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 4.] 

2. Fribourg. J. Coly ; c. 1750. Imperfect pack of 75. The coin suit- 

marks have three fleurs-de-lis in the centre, and on the 3 of that 
suit is the name of the designer " Charles Jacquard." The 2 of 
cups is inscribed "Taros Fin de Jacquot Coly Mettre Cartier a 
Fribourg en Suis." The missing cards are the ace of cups and 
Nbs. VIII and IX of the atouts. Backs decorated with a pattern 
of hexagons enclosing suns. 

4| x 2i in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 4.] 

3. Geneva ; modern. Complete pack, with modernized designs, 

executed in lithography and coloured. The king of clubs holds 
a shield charged with the arms of Geneva. Backs plain pink. 
4f x 21 in. 

4. Mumlisweil. J. Jaggi; 18th century. Imperfect pack of 49, which 

when complete consisted of only 54 (see German Packs, Nos. 174- 
184). On the 2 of cups is "Joseph Jagi Fabrikant d Carte a 
Mumliswil C. Soleu," and on the 2 of coins " Joseph Jaggi. M. 
Cartier a Mumlisw." A shield in the centre of the 4 of coins 
bears three fleurs-de-lis. The missing cards are the knight of 
clubs and Nbs. II, VIII, XIII and XIX of the atouts. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of wavy lines in blue. 

H X 2h in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 6.] 

5. Mumlisweil. B. Schaer, 1783. Imperfect pack of 60. On the 2 of 

cups is " Taros Fines Schser in Mumliswil," and on the 2 of coins 
" Shaer M. Cartier a Mumliswil 1783 " ; the 4 of coins has a shield 
bearing two fleurs-de-lis and a partially defaced inscription " J. H. 
Rseder graveur." The initials R. S. appear on " Le Chariot." The 
missing cards are the 5, 6 and 10 of cups; the 2, 5 and 6 of 
swords ; the 5-10 of coins ; and the ace-6 of clubs. Backs 
decorated with a small blue pattern. 

4| x 21 in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 6.] 



142 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

6. Mumlisweil. B. Schaer ; 18th century. Complete pack bearing a 

general similarity to the last. The atouts " Le Pape " and " La 
Papesse " are replaced by " Jupiter " and " Junon." On the 2 of 
coins is " Bey Bernard Schaer in Mumliswil im Cant. Solothurn." 
" Le Chariot " has the initials B. S. R. Backs decorated with a 
pattern of pink stars. 

H x 2£ in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 6.] 

7. Neuchatel. J. Rochias, fils; late 18th century. Imperfect pack 

of 41. On the 2 of coins is "Fait par Jacque Rochias Fils a 
Neuchatel," and on the ace of cups " Grave par J. P. Pe." (? Jean 
Petit Pierre). On the 2 of cups and 4 of coins are the arms of the 
principality of Neuchatel. The missing cards are the knave, knight 
and king of cups ; the knave, knight, queen and king of swords 
and coins; the ace, knave, queen and king of clubs; and the 
whole of the atouts. Backs plain. 

4| x 2f in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 5.] 

8. Neuchatel. J. H. Rochias, 1816. Complete pack. On the 2 of 

coins is "Joseph Henri Rochias Fabricant a Neuchatel 1816," and 
the 2 of cups bears the initials J. R. On the 4 of coins are the 
arms of France. Backs decorated with a pattern of black dots. 

4| X 2| in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 5.] 

9. Neuchatel. J. H. Rochias; early 19th century. Imperfect pack of 

74, without the maker's name, which is only indicated by the mono- 
gram Jt on the 4 of coins. The 3 of cups, the 2 and 8 of coins and 
No. XYII of the atouts are missing, and there are duplicates of 
the 6 of swords and the 10 of clubs. The seventh atout is 
erroneously numbered VIII. Backs decorated with a plaid pattern 
in black and brown. 

4| x 2| in. 

10. Sehaffhausen. J. Muller ; modern. Complete pack, double-ended, 

with French suits. The court cards are fancifully treated and the 
atouts views of places in Switzerland. Backs plain. With original 
wrapper which is lettered "Jean Muller, Taroc, Fabrique de 
Cartes, Schaffhouse, Suisse." 
4f x 2f in. 

11. Unterwalden. F. A. Buolman; 18th century. Imperfect pack 

of 76. On the 2 of cups is " Taros Fines, Frantz Antoni Buol- 
man in Ynderwalden," and on the 2 of coins " Frantz Antony 
Buolman in Ynderwalden." The 4 of coins has a shield bearing 
the monogram IB. The missing cards are the 9 and knave of coins. 
Backs decorated with a pattern of blue spots. 
H x 2| in. 



SWISS CARDS. 143 



12. Place of issue uncertain. C. T. ; 18th century. Fragmentary 

pack of 15, viz., the 2, 6, and knight of cups; the 6 and knight 
of coins ; the 2, 5, 6 and knight of swords ; the 2, 5 and knight of 
clubs; and Nos. II, XI and XIII of the atouts. The initials 
C T. are on the 2 of cups. Backs decorated with pattern of 
black dots. 

U x 2h in. 

13. Place of issue uncertain. I. J.; 18th century. Imperfect pack 

of 38. The ace of coins bears the initials i j. The missing cards 
are the ace, 2 and knave, knight, queen and king of cups ; the 
ace, knave, knight and king of swords ; the knave, knight, queen 
and king of coins and clubs ; and the whole of the atouts. Backs 
mottled pink. 

4f x 2| in. 



II.— PACKS OF 36 AND 32. 

(a.) With national suits. 

14. Basle; 16th century. Set of 32, apparently taken in sheet form 

from an old binding and subsequently cut up and mounted. They 
are the 2-9 of each of the four suits. On the deuce of shields 
is a figure of a boar, and on the 7 and 9 the arms of Basle. 

2f x If in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 1.] 

15. Buttisholz. A. Biihlmann; 19th century. Imperfect pack of 35, 

wanting the 7 of flowers. On the 2 of shields is " A. Biihlmann " 
and on the 2 of bells " Buttisholz Kt. Luzern." Backs decorated 
with a pattern of black stars. 

3i x 2i in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 7 and 8.] 

16. Diessenhofen. J. Miiller ; 19th century. Complete pack of 36. On 

the 2 of shields is " J. Miiller," and on the 2 of bells " Diessen- 
hofen." Backs decorated with a pattern of black stars. 
3| x 2J in. 

17. Diessenhofen. J. Miiller. Complete pack, similar in all respects 

to the last, but more recent and with the number increased to 48 
by the addition of the threes, fours and fives. 

18. SchafFhausen. J. Miiller; 19th century. Complete pack of 36. 

On the 2 of shields is "J. Miiller," and on the 2 of bells " Schaff- 
hausen." Backs decorated with a pattern of black stars. 
3J x 2£ in. 



144 CATALOGUE OF OABDS. 

19. Hasle bei Burgdorf ; modern. Complete pack of 36. On the 2 
of shields is " Spielkartenfabrik," and on the 2 of bells "Hasle b. 
Burgdorf." Backs decorated with a black diagonal pattern on a 
blue ground. 

3f x 2i in. 



(b.) With French suits. 

20. Geneva. Gassmann; 19th century. Complete pack of 32. On the 

knave of spades is " Gassmann," and on that of clubs " a Geneve." 
All the aces bear the excise stamp of Geneva. Backs plain. 

Si x 2J in. 

21. Place of issue uncertain. Story of William Tell; modern. 

Complete pack of 32, in the style of those published by Wiist at 
Frankfort (see German Packs, No. 200). The court cards are 
figures of characters in the story of "William Tell, the chief 
incidents of which are depicted on the aces. Backs decorated 
with a small pink pattern. 

3£ x 2| in. [S. Yol. Ill, pi. 12.] 



III.— PACKS OP 52, WITH FRENCH SUITS. 

22. Schaffhausen. J. Miiller ; modern. Swiss views and costumes* 

Complete pack, similar in character to No. 21 but double-ended ♦ 
The court cards are figures in national costumes, and on the aces 
are views of " Chute-du-Rhin," "Rigi Koulm," "Montreux," and 
"Glacier de Rosenlaui." Backs decorated with views of Swiss, 
scenery. In cardboard case which has on one side an Alpine view 
and on the other the arms of the Confederation, and is inscribed 
" Yues et Costumes Suisses. Jean Miiller, Schaff house." 

Sh x 2J in. 

23. Schaffhausen. J. Miiller ; modern: Swiss views and costumes. 

Complete pack, similar in all respects to the last, but with the 
figures on the court cards varied. In similar cardboard case. 

24. Schaffhausen. J. Miiller ; modern. Swiss views and costumes. 

Complete pack, similar to the last, with the same designs on the 
court cards and views of the same places on the aces. Backs 
decorated with a small red pattern. In original wrapper lettered 
" Costumes Suisses. Yues des Alpes Suisses. Yiews of Switzer- 
land." 



DUTCH CABDS. 145 



25. Place of issue uncertain ; modern. Story of "William Tell. Com- 
plete pack, similar in character to the three preceding, double- 
ended. The court cards are figures in Swiss historical costumes, 
and on the aces are incidents in the story of William Tell. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of blue stars. Edges gilt. In green card- 
board case. 

31 x 2| in. 



26. J. R. Hauser's "Nouveau Jeu d'Officiers," 1744. Complete 

pack, well engraved and uncoloured, representing soldiers of various 
countries, Germans, Poles, Highlanders, Pandars, etc. Each card 
has the title in French, Italian and German, and its value is 
indicated by a single suitmark with numeral in upper left corner. 
The pack is accompanied by two title cards, which have the titles 
in French, Italian, Spanish and German, " Nouveau Jeu d'Officiers 
en LII Figures en Habit de Guere ... a Geneve chez J. Rodolphe 
Hauser 1744," etc. Backs mottled red. 

41 x 2f in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 9-12.] 

27. House of Savoy; modern. Set of 40 cards, executed on stone, in 

imitation of 16th century engravings, by Krauer and Hiss of 
Geneva. They contain a series of medallion portraits, in orna- 
mental frames, of the counts of Savoy and kings of Sardinia, from 
Humbert I " aux blanches mains " to Victor Emmanuel first king 
of Italy. Without suitmarks and uncoloured. Backs decorated 
with a pink pattern and the arms of Italy. 
3a x 2| in. 



DUTCH. 

Dutch cards resemble French in suitmarks and other characteristics. 

I.— PIQUET PACKS OF 32. 

Amsterdam. J. Fouquet; 18th century. Complete pack, copied 
from old French cards. The court cards have unusual names; 
the knave of hearts is " Sipri Koman," the queen of spades 
" Barbera," and the queen of clubs " Pentraine." On the knave of 
spades is "Gemaakt by de Weduwe Jonas Fouquet & zoon & 
Comp. tot Amsterdam." Backs decorated with a pattern of 
hexagons enclosing suns. Edges gilt. Enclosed in an old leather- 
bound volume which has been transformed into a case. 

31 X If in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 131.] 

L 



146 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

2. An old king of spades, with the title " Duneur au roy." Back 

plain. 

3| x 2} in. [S. Yol. I, pi. 139.] 

3. An old knave of clubs, with the title " Capitaine Millault." Back 

plain. 

3| x 2j in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 139.] 

4. Seven small unmounted court cards, artistically engraved on copper 

with standing figures in early 16 th century costumes, viz. : — 
the knaves of hearts and clubs, the king, queen and knave 
of diamonds, and the king and queen of spades. They are ac- 
companied by two other cards, one representing a female carto- 
mancer, the other a wizard taking a rat from a bag. 

2| x If in. [S. Yol. I, pi. 139.] 

%* The nationality of this and the two preceding items is quite uncertain. 



II— INSTRUCTIVE AND FANCIFUL PACKS. 

5. Mythology. Mortier's " Jeu des Metamorphoses d'Ovide." Complete 

set (52) of the cards published at Amsterdam by Mortier, in 
imitation of those issued by Desmarest in Paris (see French 
Packs, Nos. 106-122). Each has a prettily engraved representa- 
tion of a story in the Metamorphoses, with explanation in French 
below, the value being indicated by a suitmark inclosing a numeral 
in the upper part of the composition. With original wrapper, 
which has an engraving of an assemblage of the gods, with the 
full title above and below, and "Jeu d'Ovide" at each end. 
Mounted in an album. 

3} x 2i in. 

6. Ancient History. Mortier's "Jeu des Hommes et Femmes 

Illustres." Complete pack of 52, belonging to the same series 
as the last. Each card has an engraving of an antique bust of a 
Greek or Roman celebrity, with an account in French below. 
The values are indicated in the same way as in the preceding. 
With a wrapper which has an engraving of a wounded warrior 
being carried into the presence of a general, with the title " Jeu des 
Hommes Illustres" above and below, and "Hommes Illustres" at 
each end. The pack is accompanied by a small book giving the 
rales of the game and accounts of the personages. Backs plain. 
3f x 2i in. 

7. Kings of France; c. 1700. Imperfect pack of 28 well-engraved 

cards, probably copied from French originals, consisting of the 



DUTCH CARDS. 147 



complete suits of spades and clubs, with the 9 and 10 of diamonds. 
Each numeral card has either one or two medallion heads of French 
kings, with an account of them in French, its value being indicated 
by a miniature card on the right hand side. The court cards are 
whole length figures of Scaramouche, Cornelia, Julius Caesar, 
Pollichinelle, Livia, and Augustus. The diamonds are printed in 
red ink. Backs decorated with a pattern of hexagons enclosing 
suns. 

3| x 2J in. 

8. The Papacy; c. 1715. "Nieuwe Constitute Kaart van's Paussen 
gewaande onfeilbaarheid gestigt op dolheid en blindheid." Complete 
pack (52), with two titles, of well-engraved cards forming a series 
of satires on the history of the Papacy, each with two Dutch lines 
below. The value is indicated by a suitmark with a number or 
name beside it. The 3 of hearts represents Pope Joan, and the 
suit of spades is chiefly devoted to Pasquier Quesnel and the 
Jansenist controversy, the papal bull " Unigenitus " of 1713 being 
mentioned. The first title card contains the above title which is 
inscribed on a sheet held by figures of Folly and Blindness ; on 
the second is the satirical statement " Deze Nieuwe Constitutie 
Kaart feilbaar voor de Yerliezers Onfeilbaar voor de Winners, 
word en gemaakt ; en zyn te koop te Romen in de Yissers ring 
by Pieter Waanregt, in de gekroonde Constitutie Non." Backs. 
plain. 

3£ x li in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 113-116.] 



9. Bubble Companies of 1720. "April-Kaart of Kaart Spel van 

Momus naar de Nieuwste Mode." Complete pack of 52 engraved 
cards, with two title-pieces, forming a series of satires on the South 
Sea, Mississippi, and other bubble schemes. (For description 
of the pack, as issued in sheet form, see Willshire, D. 114, and 
Stephens's Catalogue of Satirical Prints in the British Museum, 
jNo. 1642.) Backs decorated with a flower pattern, coloured. 

3f x 2 in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 111-114.] 

10. Bubble Companies of 1720 ; " Pasquin's Windkaart of de Wind- 

negotie van 't Jaar 1720." Complete pack of 52 engraved cards, 
from the same designs as the last, but with different inscriptions. 
In original cardboard case, to which the title card is attached. 
(For description of the pack, as issued in sheet form, see Stephens's 
Catalogue of Satirical Prints in the British Museum, No. 1643.) 
Backs plain. 

3f x 2 in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 115-118.] 

L 2 



148 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

11. Geography. " Jeu de Geographie, ou sont les quatres Parties du 

Monde." Complete pack of 52, belonging to the same series as 
No. 5. The cards are all engraved maps of various countries, 
each having the name of the country at the top, with a suitmark 
enclosing a numeral or letter. The pack is accompanied by a 
small book, giving the rules of the game and information respecting 
the countries, and has the original wrapper, on which is a map of 
the world with the title and address of J. Covens and P. Mortier, 
Amsterdam. Backs plain. 

3J x 2i in. 

12. Geography. Duplicate of the last (wanting the 3 of hearts) with 

all the maps and the cover of the book coloured. Backs plain 
yellow. In old leather case. 

13. Geography. Same pack, complete and coloured throughout. 

Without the book. Backs plain. In original pasteboard case, to 
which the title-map of the world is attached. 

14. Latin Grammar; c. 1670. A complete pack of 52, well engraved, 

intended to teach the Latin language. The suitmarks are given 
at the base of the cards, but the number is indicated by the 
repetition in the design of various devices. On the hearts they 
are escutcheons, on the spades bunches of grapes, on the diamonds 
quatrefoils, and on the clubs marigolds. The court cards are 
fanciful figures in the costume of c. 1670. On the ace of hearts is 
a coat-of-arms, azure, a chevron between three mullets or ; crest, a 
greyhound's head collared. Backs plain. 

3f x 2f in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 119-122.] 

15. The Pour Quarters; c. 1700. Complete pack of 52, very artisti- 

cally engraved, forming a series of allegorical figures of the four 
quarters of the world, of the year, and of the day, the twelve 
months, the elements, the senses and various arts and sciences. 
The court cards are portraits in ovals, the king and queen of 
hearts being Leopold and Eleanor, Emperor and Empress of 
Germany. The suits of hearts and diamonds are printed in red, 
the others in black. The figures are French in character and have 
French titles. On the ace of hearts is " J. Gole exc. cum Privil. 
ord : Holl : et West Frisise." Backs decorated with a pattern of 
hexagons enclosing suns. 

3xl| in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 123-124.] 

16. Buffoon cards ; c. 1690. Fifty-four of a pack of 56, in which each 

suit has four court cards. On every pip card is a bust of a 



DUTCH CAJRDS. 149 



comic character in a circle, with suitniark below ; and on the 
court cards are whole length figures of sovereigns, etc. The king 
and queen of hearts are William and Mary of England, those of 
spades the Emperor and Empress of Germany, and those of 
diamonds Louis XIY and Mde. de Maintenon. The suits of hearts 
and diamonds are printed in red. On the aces of hearts and spades 
is " J. Gole exc. cum Privilegio Ordin. Hollan. et West Frisian" 
The missing cards are the two knaves of clubs. Backs plain. 

3f x 2i in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 125-128.] 

17. Buffoon cards ; c. 1690. Complete pack of 52, of the same designs 

as the last, but smaller. The fourth court card of each suit is 
omitted. The queen of diamonds is " La Reine de France," instead 
of Madame de Maintenon. The whole pack is printed in red. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of hexagons enclosing suns. 

2i x 11 in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 129-130.] 

18. Burlesque cards; c, 1700. Complete pack of 52, well-engraved, 

somewhat in the manner of the preceding, and consisting entirely 
of single whole-length figures of a fanciful or humorous character, 
many of them from French designs, without any inscriptions. 
The value of each is indicated by a suitmark enclosing a numeral 
in one of the upper corners. The king and queen of hearts hold 
up terrestrial globes marked "Europe" and "America," and on 
one of the money bags in the queen of spades is the monogram 9^* 
Backs plain. In modern cardboard case. 

31 x 2J in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 131-133.] 

19. Lottery cards; c. 1750. Fifty-four of a set of 60 cards em- 

bellished with a variety of engraved subjects. Of these 46 have 
on them the suitmarks of hearts, spades, diamonds and clubs, which 
are accompanied by numbers or names. The missing cards are 
the 6 and 9 of hearts, the 10 of spades, the king of diamonds, and 
the ace and 6 of clubs. In addition there are 60 numbered cards, 
bearing printed mottoes in Dutch, and 32 printed cards of classes ; 
the whole forming a lottery game. Backs plain. 

2| x 2 in. 

20. Lottery cards; c. 1750. Fifty-eight of a set of 60 (wanting 

Nos. 29 and 56), similar in character to the preceding, but without 
suitmarks ; each card having in the lower part a small cartouche 
containing the number. They are accompanied by 60 other cards 
containing printed mottoes in Dutch. Backs plain. 

2| x 2 in. 



150 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

21. Lottery cards; c. 1750. Fifty of a set of 60 (wanting Nos. 1, 4, 

5, 6, 10, 17, 25, 31, 51 and 57), similar in character to the pre- 
ceding, but better engraved, the subjects being enclosed in 
fancifully designed frames. The printed cards required for 
playing the game are absent. 

2f x2 in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 132 and 133.] 

22. Lottery cards; c. 1750. Fifty-six of a set of 60 printed cards 

with Dutch mottoes, forming part of a pack similar to the 
preceding. 

3 x 2 in. 

23. Lottery cards; c. 1750. Set of 56 printed cards of classes, 

forming part of a pack similar to No. 19. 

24. Lottery cards ; c. 1820. " De Loterij van Don Quichot en Sanche 

Pance." A pack of 92, comprising 30 motto cards printed in red, 
30 similar ones printed in black, and 32 coloured picture cards, 
two of which represent Don Quixote and Sancho Panza. Backs 
decorated with a pattern of stars and dots in blue. In pasteboard 
case which bears the above title. 
2| x U in. 



25. Fancy diagonal cards; c. 1693. Imperfect set of 26, of a 
singular character. They are in triplets, in which two have entire 
designs, while the third has these combined and divided by a 
diagonal line. On one card is a French coin with the date 1693, 
on another a skull, and a third has these two combined. No in- 
scriptions or suit marks. 
4 x 2f in. 



FLEMISH. 

I.— TAROT PACKS OF 78. 



Bruges. Daveluy; modern. Complete pack, with French suits. 
The court cards are of German type and the atouts, as in many 
German packs, are all natural history subjects except the first and 
last, which represent a zany and a man playing a flageolet. The 
knaves of hearts and spades support coats-of-arms, and the former 
has a scroll inscribed " Cartes de Tarot Fabrique Daveluy Bruges." 
Backs decorated with a pattern of dots in blue. 
4£ x 2| in. 



FLEMISH CARDS. 151 



2. Brussels. L. Biot; modern. Complete pack, similar to the last. 

The knave of spades bears the name " Louis Biot." With wrapper 
on which is printed in red from an old block a figure of a general 
on horseback, with below, " Cartes de Tarau de la Fabrique de 
Meuran dans la .... a Bruxelles." Backs decorated with a 
pattern of hexagons enclosing suns, in red. 

4f x 2J in. 

3. Brussels. J. Galler ; 18th century. Complete pack, similar in 

every respect to the last except that the name on the knave of 
spades is "Jean Galler." Backs decorated with a somewhat 
similar pattern in blue. 

4. Brussels. J. Galler; 18th century. Complete pack, of the tra- 

ditional type, with Italian suitmarks. The atouts are the usual 
subjects except No. II which represents "L'Espagnol, Capitano 
Eracasse," and No. V, which is " Bacus," seated on a barrel. On 
the ace of coins is " Cartes de Taravt faites par Jean Galler dans 
la Rve a Bruxelles " ; on the 2 " Jean Galler " ; and on the 4 

the initials J. G. The 2 of cups has a tablet inscribed " Povr 
conoistre qve la plvs basse de deniez et de covpes enporte les plvs 
havtes qvand a fait dv Jev." Backs decorated with a small black 
pattern. 

4f x 2f in. 

5. Brussels. M. Dupont. Complete pack, identical with the preceding, 

but with the name on the ace of coins altered to " Martin Dupont, 
dans la Rue de l'Eveque a Bruxelles." 

[S. Vol. I, pi. 137.] 

6. Dinant. J. Gisaine; 18th century. Complete pack, similar in all 

respects to the last except that the inscription on the ace of coins 
is " Cartes de Taravt faites par Jean Gisaine dans la Rve de 
Meuret, Rue St. Jacque a Dinant sur Meuse," and the 2 of coins 
bears the name " Jean Gisaine." Backs decorated with a small 
pattern. 

4| x 3f in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 137.] 

7. Li&ge. J. B. Dubois; 18th century. Complete pack, similar in 

character to Nos. 1-3, the court cards being of the Bavarian 
type. The first atout is inscribed " Cartes Finnes faites par 
J. B. Dubois demeurant derrier la Maison de Ville a Liege," and 
on the knave of clubs is " J. B. Dubois." Backs decorated with 
a check pattern in red and white. 

4J x 21 in. 



152 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

8. Lidge. J. T. Dubois. Complete pack. A more recent issue of the 
preceding, with the address on the first atout altered to "Fabrique 
de J. T. Dubois, Rue Souverain Pont No.' 'SI 4." Backs decorated 
with a pattern of hexagons enclosing suns. In original wrapper 
which bears a coat-of-arms and has the initials J. D. 

B. Liege. G. Larmoyer, 1753. Imperfect pack of 76, with French 
suitmarks. The atouts are similar to those in Nos. 1-3. On the 
knave of spades is " G. Larmoyer," on that of hearts " G. L.," 
and on the queen of hearts " a Liege 1753." The missing cards 
are the 5 of hearts and the 4 of diamonds. Backs decorated with 
a pattern of black dots. In old leather-covered case. 

4i x 2| in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 137.] 



II.— PIQUET PACKS OF 32. 

10. Brussels. H. Vanhoeter. Complete pack, of the modern type, 

double-ended. On the queen of hearts is "Hemeleers Vanhoeter," 
and on the king of clubs " Bruxelles." Backs mottled brown. 

3£ x 2J in. 

11. Liege. J. J. Dubois; modern. Complete pack, roughly executed. 

The king of hearts holds a shield charged with an eagle ; and that 
held by the king of clubs is charged with the fleurs-de-lis of France. 
The king of spades holds a harp. On the knave of spades is " J. J, 
Dubois." Backs decorated with a small black pattern. 

3| x U in. 



III.— PACKS OF 52. 

12. Bruges. Daveluy ; modern. Complete pack, double-ended, with 

fanciful figures in historical costumes on the court cards. Each 
ace has the suitmark enclosed in a rich frame ; that of spades is 
inscribed " Cartes Brevetees," and that of clubs " Daveluy Bruges." 
Backs decorated with a small pattern in blue. In original card- 
board case which bears a full length knave of spades. 

3| x 2# in. 

13. Liege. J. T. Dubois, 1811. Gatteaux's Empire cards. Imperfect 

pack of 49, similar to No. 70 of the French section. The knave of 
hearts bears the address " Fabq ue - de J. T. Dubois Rue Souverain- 
Pont No. 314, a Liege." The missing cards are the 2 of hearts, 
the 2 of diamonds, and the ace of clubs. Backs plain. 

31 x 21 in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 138.] 



JiUSSIAN CABDS. 153 



14. Li&ge. J. D. ; 18th century. Complete pack. On each of the 
aces the suitmark is enclosed in a fanciful frame. The knave of 
hearts holds a flag inscribed J. D., and on the queen of hearts is 
" a Liege." Backs decorated with a pattern of hexagons enclosing 
suns, in red. 

4:1 x 2§ in. 



15. Set of 18 small plates containing 36 subjects of Bible history and 
saints, engraved by C. and T. van Merlen, c. 1660 ; printed on 
vellum and coloured. (Not in any sense cards.) 
3i x 2| in. 



EUSSIAN. 

1. Moscow; c. 1820. Thirty-three of a pack of 36, composed like 

German packs of that number, and with German suitmarks. The 
court cards are oriental figures and the pip cards have fancy 
vignettes. On the deuces of hearts and leaves is the imperial 
eagle, and on those of bells and acorns a pelican in her piety, with 
Russian inscriptions signifying " For the benefit of the Foundling 
Hospital." The eagle on the ace of leaves bears the monogram 
of the Emperor Alexander I, who died in 1825. On the 10 of 
hearts is a figure of Mercury with bales of goods inscribed 
" T. E. M." The missing cards are the king of acorns, the 8 of 
leaves, and the 9 of bells. Backs decorated with a small blue 
pattern. 

3f x 2J in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 14.] 

2. Moscow; modern. Complete pack of 36, with German suit- 

marks and designs; prettily engraved and coloured. The court 
cards are figures in historical costumes and the pip cards have 
vignettes of equestrian performers, animals, etc. On the deuce of 
hearts is a cupid holding drapery, and on that of bells an elephant ; 
the later has also the duty stamp of the Imperial Foundling Hospital. 
"No inscriptions. Backs decorated with a geometrical pattern in 
pink. 

3f x 2J in. 

3. MOSCOW. Geographical; 19th century. Imperfect pack, consisting 

originally of 52, with French suitmarks and six extra cards without 
suitmarks ; all prettily engraved and coloured. The face of each 
card is divided into four compartments, the first having the arms 
of a Kussian province, the second the suitmarks, the third a list 



154 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

of the principal towns and villages, and the fourth a costume of 
the province; on the back is a map of the province. The six 
extra cards are devoted to outlying states. On the ace of diamonds 
is the stamp of the Foundling Hospital. The missing cards are 
the 8 of hearts and 9 of clubs. Edges gilt. 
3J x 2 J in. 

4. Moscow. Travelling cards ; modern. Two small unused packs of 
52, with French suitmarks, double-ended ; enclosed in a cardboard 
case inscribed in Russian "Travelling cards of the Imperial 
Foundling Hospital. First quality. Price for two packs, 1 rub. 
20 cop." Backs decorated with pattern of gold stars. 
2| x 1$ in. 

%* The duty on playing cards in Eussia is devoted to the mainte- 
nance of the Foundling Hospital at Moscow, established by the 
Empress Catherine II. 



POLISH. 

1. Warsaw. J. G. Du Port; 18th century. Complete pack of 36, 
composed like a German pack of that number, but with Italian 
suitmarks. On the ace of coins are two Polish inscriptions " Fabrika 
Kart Kraiowa " (manufacture of playing cards of the country) and 
" J. G. Du Port Warsawie." The ace of clubs bears two duty 
stamps, one Russian, the other Polish. Backs decorated with a 
pattern of black stars. 

5f x 2f in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 15.] 



SWEDISH. 

CAMBIO PACKS OF 42. 

The Swedish game of Cambio is derived from the Italian Cucu, but 
varies from it in several particulars. The pack consists of 42 instead of 
38 cards, 11 and 12 being added to the numerals in each series. The 
large numerals of the Cucu packs are replaced by a corresponding number 
of fleurs-de-lis ; Bragon is turned into a Hussar, the horse into a knight, 
and the cat into a pig ; the Nulla becomes a wreath, the Secchia a vase of 
flowers, the Mascherone a fool or blaren, and the Matto a harlequin. 



DANISH CARDS, 155 



1. Place of issue uncertain. I. B. N. Imperfect pack of 37, en- 

graved and uncoloured. On the " Husar " are the initials I. B. N. 
The missing cards are JSTos. 3, 5, and 12 of one set, and the 
harlequins of both. Backs decorated with a pattern of pink dots. 

Si x 21 in. 

2. Place of issue uncertain. Imperfect pack of 40, similar to the 

last. The missing cards are a 1 of fleurs-de-lis and a harlequin. 
Backs decorated with the same pattern as the last. 

3± X 2J in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 13.] 

3. Place of issue uncertain. Complete pack, similar to the preceding 

but more recent. No. 1 bears two duty stamps. Backs decorated 
with a diagonal key pattern in blue dots. 

3| x 2i in. 

4. Place of issue uncertain. A harlequin belonging to a pack 

similar to the last. Backs plain. 

3J x 2i in. 



DANISH. 

Copenhagen. L. P. Holmblads ; modern. Complete pack of 52, 
double-ended ; with French suitmarks. On the knave of clubs is 
" L. P. Holmblads Fabrik i Kjobenhavn." Backs decorated with 
a pattern of blue dots and curves. 

3| x 21 in. 



ENGLISH. 

I.— PACKS OF 52. 

Thomas Creswick; c. 1825. Imperfect pack of 51, single-ended. 
The duty card bears the maker's name with " G. IV. Rex " and 
the number 12. Backs decorated with a pattern of red stars. The 
missing card is the 8 of hearts. 

3| x 2i in. 



156 CATALOGUE OF CARDS, 

2. Thomas Creswick; c. 1825. Complete pack, single-ended. The 

diamond court cards are oriental characters, and those of hearts, 
spades and clubs historical personages of the Tudor period. Duty- 
card similar to the last, with the number 8. Backs plain. 
3| x 2J in. 

3. Thomas Creswick; c. 1830. Same pack as the last; a later 

issue, with the shilling duty card, which bears the maker's name 
only. Backs decorated with a pattern of black stars. Much 
soiled. 

4. De la Rue 8c Co. ; modern. Complete pack, double-ended, with 

the shilling duty card, on which is the maker's name. Backs 
decorated with a bunch of flowers on a green ground. Much 
soiled. 

3f x 21 in. 

5. De la Rue & Co. ; modern. Imperfect pack (wanting the 3 of 

clubs), double-ended, with the shilling duty card, on which is the 
maker's name. Backs decorated with the arms of the Queen and 
Prince Albert, on a green ground. 
3| x 2J in. 

6. De la Rue 8c Co. ; modern. Complete pack, double-ended, with 

the shilling duty card, on which is the maker's name. Backs 
decorated with a geometrical pattern in red and yellow. 

3f x 2J in. 

7. De la Rue 8c Co. ; modern. Complete pack, double-ended, with 

the present duty card. Backs decorated with the arms of the 
Prince of Wales on a ground of roses. In original wrapper. 
3f x 21 in. 

8. De la Rue 8c Co. ; modern. Complete pack, similar to the last. 

Backs decorated with the arms of the Princess of Wales, on a 
ground of lilies. 

3f x 21 in. 

9. De la Rue 8c Co.; modern. Complete pack, double-ended, with 

the present duty card. The ace of diamonds bears two Italian 
duty stamps. Backs decorated with a panel of red and blue 
ornament. 

3| x 21 in. 

10. De la Rue 8c Co. ; modern. Complete pack, double-ended, with 

the present duty card. Backs decorated with a floral pattern on 
a green ground. 

3| x 21 in. 



ENGLISH CARDS. 157 



11. De la Rue & Co. ; 1887. Complete pack, double-ended. Backs 

decorated with a design commemorating the Queen's Jubilee, 1887. 
With original wrapper. In pull-off pasteboard case. 

34 x 24 in. 

12. De la Rue & Co. A collection of backs of cards, 65 in number. 

In cardboard case lettered " De la Rue & Co.'s Japanese Lacquer 
Playing Cards." 

13. Gibson <fc Gisborne ; early 19th century. Complete pack, single- 

ended, with the " Sixpence Addl. Duty " card, which bears the 
makers' names and " G. Ill Rex " ; also the number 8. Backs 
plain white. 

3f x 2i in. 

14. Goodall ; modern. Complete pack, single-ended, with the shilling 

duty card, on which is the maker's name. Backs plain white. 

3f x 24 in. 

15. C. Goodall & Son, 1887. Complete pack, double-ended, issued 

by the Card Makers' Company on the occasion of the Queen's 
Jubilee. Backs decorated with a commemorative design. With 
printed directions entitled " Whist in a Nutshell " ; also the duty 
wrapper and the maker's. In cloth case stamped with the arms of 
the Company. 

34 x 2i in 

16. C. Goodall & Son; recent. " Scientific Whist Cards." Complete 

pack, double-ended, having instructions for play printed on the 
face of every card. Backs decorated with a red pattern. With 
original wrapper. In cardboard case. 

3f x 2| in. 

17. C. Goodall & Son ; recent. " Historic Playing Cards." Complete 

pack, the court cards representing the royal costumes of the 
Plantagenet, Tudor, Stuart and Hanoverian periods. Green backs 
decorated with a panel of leaf ornament. In original wrapper and 
cardboard case. 

3f x 24 in. 

18. C. Goodall & Son; recent. "Tom Thumb Playing Cards." 

Complete pack, double-ended. Backs plain pink. In cardboard 
case bearing the above title and maker's address. 
If x 1J in. 

19. C. Goodall & Son ; recent. Collection of backs of cards, of various 

designs, 50 in number. 



158 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

20. C. Goodall <& Son ; recent. A similar collection, numbering 35. 

21. Hall; early 19th century. Complete pack, single-ended, with the 

" Sixpence addl. duty " card, on which is the maker's name, with 
" G. Ill Rex " and the number 18. Backs plain. 

3f x 2\ in. 

22. Hall & Son; early 19th century. Complete pack, single-ended, 

with the " one shilling and sixpence " duty card which bears the 
maker's name with " G. Ill Rex" and the No. 117. Backs 
plain. 

3f x 2± in. 

23. Hall & Bancks ; early 19th century. Complete pack, single- 

ended, with the shilling duty card, which bears the makers' names. 
Backs plain pink. In an 18th century pasteboard case decorated 
with figures of Peace and Plenty. 

3f x 2\ in. 

24. Hall & Bancks; early 19th century. Complete pack, similar to 

the last, but with the " Exportation " duty card. Backs decorated 
with a pattern of Prince of Wales's feathers in blue. With original 
" Great Mogul " wrapper. 

25. J. Hardy; early 19th century. Complete pack, single-ended, with 

the " sixpence addl. duty " card, which bears the maker's name 
with " G. Ill Rex" and the number 19. Backs plain. 

3| x 2\ in. 

26. Hunt & Sons; early 19th century. Complete pack, single-ended, 

with the " one shilling and sixpence " duty card, which bears the 
maker's name with " G. Ill Rex " and the number 59. Backs 
plain. 

3f x 2\ in. 

27. Ludlow & Co. ; early 19th century. Complete pack, single-ended, 

with design on the ace of spades formed of the badge of the Order 
of the Thistle surmounting the royal arms, under which is a 
tablet inscribed " Ludlow & Co. Patent Knight's cards." Backs 
plain. 

3| x 2\ in. 

28. Reynolds & Sons ; modern. Complete pack, single-ended, with 

the " one shilling duty card, which bears the maker's name. Backs 
plain. 

3f x 2\ in. 



ENGLISH CARDS. 159 



29. C. B. Reynolds, Liverpool ; c. 1863. Complete pack, having 

humorous heads, etc., on all the suitmarks of the pip cards and 
fancy costume figures on the court cards. On the ace of hearts are 
portraits of the Prince and Princess of Wales at the time of their 
marriage, and on that of spades views of Liverpool with the 
address " C. B. Reynolds, 22 Seel Street, Liverpool." Backs 
decorated with a figure of Cupid on a yellow ground. Worn and 
soiled. 

3f x 2| in. 

30. Willis & Co., 1886. " Deakin's Political Playing Cards." Com- 

plete pack, double-ended. The court cards are portraits of 
prominent politicians, the four kings being Gladstone, Chamber- 
lain, Salisbury and Parnell. The ace of spades has a fanciful 
design, with the title and maker's name. With original wrapper 
and cardboard case. 

3± x 2k in. 

31. Woolley & Co., 1888. Complete pack, double-ended, executed 

for the Company of Makers of Playing Cards ; with extra card 
containing a portrait of the Master, Charles Horsley, C.E. Backs 
decorated with the arms of the Company. 

3| x 2\ in. 

32. Anonymous; modern. Complete pack, double-ended, with the 

present duty-card. Backs decorated with the arms of Oriel College, 
Oxford. 

3i x 2\ in. 

33. Anonymous; early 19th century. Complete pack, single-ended, 

with " G. Ill Rex " and " No. 54 " on the duty card, from which 
the maker's name has been erased. Backs plain. 
3f x 2| in. 

34. Anonymous; modern. Small pack, complete, double-ended. 

Backs decorated with a diagonal blue pattern. In cardboard case 
which bears a figure of a Highland soldier and is lettered " High- 
lander Playing Cards. Improved children." 
If x If in. 

35. Anonymous ; modern. Small pack, complete, identical with the 

last, but with the backs decorated with a floral pattern in gold. 
In cardboard case bearing a figure of Punch, and lettered "Punch's 
own Playing Cards." 



160 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

36. Anonymous; modern. Small pack, complete, double-ended. The 

ace of spades is a vignette portrait of a woman. No inscription. 
Backs decorated with a diagonal blue pattern. 

If x 11 in. 

37. Anonymous ; modern. Miniature pack, complete, double-ended ; 

coarsely executed. On the ace of spades is " March, London E.C." 
Backs plain. 

If x 1 in. 

38. Anonymous; modern. Fragmentary pack of 27, extremely small, 

double-ended. Backs plain. 

I x h in. 

39. Anonymous ; early 19th century. Complete pack executed 

throughout in water-colours. The court cards represent heathen 
divinities, and on the ace of spades is an assemblage of these 
encircling the suitmark. Backs plain. 

3f x 21 in. 

40. Whist-markers. A small gold locket containing four discs of 

gold on which are enamelled a heart, a spade, a diamond and a 
club. 

Instructive. 

41. Alphabet ; early 18th century. Imperfect pack of 49, designed to 

teach the alphabet. Each card has in the centre an oval con- 
taining either a letter of the alphabet in its gothic, Roman and 
italic forms, or a distich embodying some moral axiom ; its value 
is indicated by a single suitmark with Roman numeral at the top. 
Engraved on wood and coarsely coloured. Backs plain. The 
missing cards are the 5 of hearts, 2 of diamonds, and 10 of 
clubs. 

3§ x 2} in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 68-71.] 

%* A complete set, in sheet form and uncoloured, is in the old 
Museum collection (Willshire, 182). 

42. Astronomy ; late 17th century. Imperfect unmounted pack of 

24, on each of which is represented one of the constellations, the 
value being indicated by a suitmark with Roman numeral or 
portrait in upper left corner. The cards are, the ace, 2, 3, 4, 8, 9, 
knave, queen and king of hearts ; the 4, 5, 7 and 8 of spades ; the 
ace, 3, 7, 8, and king of diamonds ; and the ace, 2, 4, 7, 8 and 10 
of clubs. Stained and injured. 

3| x 21 in. [S. Yol. T, pi. 72.] 



ENGLISH CARDS. 161 



43. Astronomy. Spofforth k Son ; c. 1830. Complete pack, engraved 

and coloured, having representations of the constellations on the 
pip cards and the planets on the court cards. The suitmarks are 
arranged in the usual way and mingled with the designs. The 
makers' names appear on the duty card. Backs plain. Edges 
gilt. An explanatory tract accompanies the pack. 

3f x 2£ in. 

44. Geography; c. 1661. Complete engraved pack, unmounted and 

uncoloured, forming an atlas of the world. Each suit is devoted 
to one continent, the ace giving a general map and the rest the 
different countries which compose it. Four extra cards contain 
lists of these countries. The court cards have medallion portraits ; 
that of Charles II appears on the map of Great Britain, and that 
of Queen Mary (Henrietta Maria) on that of the " English Empire " 
(North America). 

4x2| in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 48-51.] 

45. Geography; c. 1675. English Counties. Imperfect pack of 51. 

On each card is engraved a map of one of the counties of England 
and Wales, with statistical information respecting it. The value 
is indicated by a suitmark and Roman numeral at the top. The 
€ourt cards have medallion portraits ; those on the kings and 
queens being Charles II and Catherine of Braganza. The suit- 
marks have been added with stencils. Two extra cards, one giving 
an " Explanation of these cards," the other a general map of 
England and Wales, accompany the pack. The missing card is 
the 5 of hearts. Backs plain. 

3f x 2J in. [S< Vol. I, pi. 52-55.] 

46. Geography; c. 1675. English Counties. Imperfect pack of 50, 

of the same cards as the last ; a later edition with the names of 
the adjacent counties added on every piece. The missing cards 
are the 4 of hearts and the queen of diamonds. Backs plain. 

47. Geography ; c. 1675. English Counties. Nine cards belonging, 

apparently, to two or three distinct packs, but all of the same 
character. The maps occupy only a small space in the centre of 
the cards, which are otherwise filled with information respecting 
the counties. The value of each is indicated by a suitmark and 
numeral engraved on the map itself. The cards are :— -the 3 of 
hearts (Derbyshire), 9 of hearts (Suffolk), knave of hearts (Bucks), 
ace of spades (Sussex), 2 of spades, (Staffordshire), 5 of clubs 
(Bucks), 7 of clubs (Devonshire), 9 of clubs (Hants), and king of 
clubs (Oxfordshire). Backs plain. 

3| x 2* in. 

M 



162 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

48. Geography ; c. 1720. Imperfect engraved pack of 50. The four 

suits are devoted to the four quarters of the globe, the aces 
containing lists of the chief countries, and the remainder giving 
information respecting them. The only pictorial illustrations are 
medallion portraits on the court cards ; the king of hearts is 
George I, the. queen of diamonds Statira, the queen of clubs Queen 
Elizabeth, and the king of clubs John IV of Portugal. Backs 
plain. The missing cards are the ace and knave of clubs. 

3f x 2J in. 

49. Geography; c. 1828. Maps of the World. Complete engraved 

and coloured pack, with extra " one shilling " duty card, which 
bears the name of Spofforth and Son. The aces have maps of the 
four continents, and on the other pip cards are maps of the countries 
which compose them. The court cards are portraits and fancy 
figures, those of the suit of hearts representing George IV, 
Catherine II and Robespierre. Edges gilt. Backs plain. With 
explanatory tract bound in watered silk. In pasteboard case 
lettered " New Royal Playing Cards, Patronised by His Majesty. 
Published by Charles Hodges, 27 Portman Street, Portman Sq. 
London." 

3f x 2± in. 

50. Geography; modern. Mrs. Farwell's Geographical Whist; 

Bournemouth. Complete pack, in which the aces are occupied 
by outline maps of the four continents and the other numerals 
(which are double-ended) by views of places therein. The court 
cards are portraits of representative celebrities, Garibaldi, 
.Napoleon, Queen Victoria, etc. The suits are only distinguished 
by being printed in four different colours. Backs plain pink. 
With two sheets of directions for playing the game. In original 
cardboard case. 

3| x 2| in. 

51. Geography ; modern. Mrs. Farwell's Geographical Whist ; Bourne- 

mouth. Complete pack, similar to the last, but printed in other 
colours. Backs plain blue. With original wrapper and sheet of 
directions. 

52. Heraldry; a 1675. R. Blome's Armorial Cards. Complete 

engraved pack, uncoloured and unmounted, forming a manual of 
Heraldry. On the 3-10, queen and king of hearts are given the 
armorial bearings of the Duke of Albemarle, the Marquess of 
Dorchester, the Earl of Bridgewater, Viscount Kilmorey, Lord 
Berkeley, Sir Philip Mathews, Sir John Berkenhead, Thomas 
Barrington, Esq., Catherine Sedley, and King Charles II. The 



ENGLISH CARDS. 163 



remainder of the cards represent and explain the various charges 
used in blazon. On the 3 of hearts is a dedication to the Duke of 
Albemarle by Blome. The value of the card is indicated by a 
suitmark with numeral or portrait in upper r. corner. 

3| x 2| in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 60-63.] 

53. Heraldry; c. 1675. E. Blonie's Armorial Cards. Photolitho- 

graphic reproduction of the set of the above cards exhibited at a 
meeting of the Card Makers' Company in 1888. 

54. Heraldry, 1686. Arms of English Peers. Imperfect engraved 

pack of 51, each of which gives the armorial shields of two, three 
or four of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, surmounted by a 
large coronet or a mitre. The shields are numbered throughout. 
The value is indicated by a suitmark with a numeral or letter in 
the upper left corner. The 4 of clubs is missing. Backs plain. 

3f x 2| in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 64-67.] 

(This and the following pack are described in detail in the * Herald 
and Genealogist,' vol. iii, p. 359.) 

55. Heraldry, 1688. Arms of English Peers. The same pack, a 

later issue with variations. It has an extra card of Barons, on 
which are the arms of Waldegrave. The arms of the Earl of 
Macclesfield have been removed from the 8 of clubs, those of 
Lady Stafford transferred from the 3 of clubs to the 4 of spades, 
etc. The 10 of spades, the 3 and knave of diamonds, and the 
4 of clubs are missing, and a duplicate 8 of spades is present. 

[S. Vol. I, pi. 9.] 

56. History, 1679. All the Popish Plots, 1588-1678. Complete 

engraved pack (one of the only two examples known to exist), 
illustrating the four plots devised against England in the reigns 
of Queen Elizabeth, James I, and Charles II. Twenty-seven of 
the pieces relate to the Spanish Armada ; three to Dr. Parry's plot ; 
fourteen to the Gunpowder Plot ; and eight to the fictitious " Popish 
Plot" of 1678. The value of each card is indicated by a suitmark 
and numeral or letter in a ruled-off space at the top. Backs plain. 
In modern leather-coloured case. 

31 x 2J in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 5-8.] 

57. History, 1679. The pretended " Popish Plot "of 1678. Imperfect 

pack (wanting the 3 of hearts) of the well-known engraved pack, 
the execution of which has been groundlessly attributed to Faith- 
horne. This is a late and retouched issue of the first set in which 

M 2 



164 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

each card has at the top a ruled-off space, containing on the left a 
suitmark and on the right a numeral or title. Backs plain. In 
modern leather-covered case. 

3i" x 2 in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 10-13.] 

An early impression of this set is in the old Museum collection 
(Willshire, 188.) 

58. History, 1679. The pretended " Popish Plot " of 1678. Complete 

pack, similar to the last, but printed from different plates. In 
this set the court cards have medallion portraits of royal personages, 
the knaves being Popes. The set is highly coloured and enclosed in 
its original case of embroidered silk. Backs decorated with a 
black geometrical pattern. 

[S. Vol. I, pi. 14.] 

59. History, 1679. The pretended " Popish Plot " of 1678. Imperfect 

pack of 41, copied in reverse from No. 57. In this set the value 
of each card is indicated by a suitmark and numeral or title on 
a tablet in upper left corner. The missing cards are : — the knave 
of hearts ; the 6, 7, 9 and queen of diamonds ; the 3, 4, 10, knave 
and king of spades ; and the 8 of clubs. Backs plain. 

3f x 2 in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 14.] 

60. History. The Rump Parliament. Complete pack, engraved in 

the same style as No. 57, satirising the rule of Oliver Cromwell 
during the period of the Rump Parliament 1648-53. Each card 
has a title at the bottom and a ruled-off space at the top containing 
a suitmark and numeral or title. Backs plain. This set was 
formerly in the possession of Earl Nelson. (For a detailed 
description see Journal of the Archseological Association, ix, 
129, 308.) 

3£ x 2J in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 15-18.] 

%* Only two other sets of these cards are known to exist, one 
being in America ; the other, which has been recently discovered and 
acquired by Mr. J. Eliot Hodgkin, F.S.A., possesses an engraved 
title-card, a cartouche supported by satirical figures and inscribed 
" The Knavery of the Rump, Liuely represented in a Pack of Cards. 
To be sold by R. T. near Stationers Hall and at the black Bull in 
Cornhill." 

61. History. The Rump Parliament. Reproduction in photolithography 

of the above pack, published by the Aungervyle Society. In card- 
board case lettered " A Pack of Cavalier Playing Cards, temp. 
Charles II, forming a complete Political Satire of the Common- 
wealth. E. & G. Goldsmid, Edinburgh." 

%* At the time this set of facsimiles was executed the ace and 
three of hearts in the original pack had been mislaid; their places 
were therefore filled from other source3. 



ENGLISH CARDS. 165 



62. History. Monmouth's Rebellion, 1685. Complete pack, similar in 

style to No. 57, illustrating the leading incidents in that event. 
Each card has the title of the subject at the bottom, and at the 
top a ruled-off space containing a suitmark and numeral or title. 
Backs plain. 

3£ x 2| in. [S. Vol. T, pi. 19-22.] 

63. History. Reign of James II. Imperfect pack (wanting the 7 of 

clubs), similar in character to No. 57, illustrating the events which 
led up to the Revolution of 1688. The earliest subject is that on 
the ace of spades, " 500 thousand pounds sent from France yearly 
to Charles the 2 to keep the sitting of the Parlement of ; " and 
the latest that on the 7 of hearts, " The Prince of Orange coming 
to St. Jameses is received with great Joy." Each card has a title 
at the bottom, and at the top a ruled-off space containing a suit- 
mark with numeral or title. Backs plain. 

3i x 2i in. 

64. History. Reign of Queen Anne. Complete pack, engraved by 

R. Spofforth, similar in character to No. 57, illustrating the events 
of the years 1702-4. Each card has a title at the bottom, and at 
the top a ruled-off space containing a suitmark and numeral or 
name. The cards are also numbered throughout to show the 
chronological order. The earliest incident is found on the ace of 
hearts, " Her M ty Proclaim'd Q. of Eng. Scot. Fra. & Ireland &c. 
March 8, 170| ; " and the latest on the 4 of clubs, " Maresh 1 Tallard 
& other French Gen 13 bro* Prison" to England." Backs plain. In 
old pasteboard case. 

3* X 21 in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 31-34.] 

65. History. Impeachment of Dr. Sacheverell, 1710. Imperfect pack 

(wanting the 5 of spades and the 10 of clubs), with engravings 
illustrating, from the point of view of the Doctor's partisans, the 
events which led to the trial of Sacheverell. Each card has a 
distich at the bottom, and in the upper right corner a miniature 
card to indicate its value. The ace of hearts represents Sacheverell 
walking towards a pulpit and the lines are : — 

" From hence the Church's Restoration rose, 
And made Discovery of her secret Foes." 

Backs plain. 

3i x 2| in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 39-42.] 

[An uncut impression from the plate, containing the suits of hearts 
and diamonds of this pack, is in the Museum collection of Satirical 
Prints (Stephens, No. 1546.;] 



166 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

66. History. Bubble Companies, 1720. Complete pack satirising the 

various commercial projects started in England in 1720. Each 
card has an engraving with the title above, four satirical lines 
below, and a miniature card in the upper ]e£t corner. The ace of 
hearts is " Hemp and Flax, " the king of clubs " Irish Sail Cloath." 
Backs plain., In modern leather-covered case. [For a full 
description see Notes and Queries, Ser. Ill, vol. v, p. 217.] 

3| x 2| in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 43-46.] 

*** Two letters from Lord Macaulay and J. Gr. Nichols, addressed 
to its then owner, S. Lysons, accompany the pack. 

67. Mathematical Instruments. T. Tuttell, c. 1700. Complete 

pack, elaborately engraved, forming an instrument maker's trade 
catalogue. Each card has an illustration of the use of one of 
the various instruments used in surveying, navigation, mining, 
engineering, astronomy, etc., with description below. Above is 
the title within a fancy cartouche, with a miniature playing card 
in right corner. The ace of hearts is " Mathematick " and the 
king of clubs " Building." On the 4 of diamonds is an almanack 
for 1701. Backs plain. 

3| x 2J in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 77-80.] 

An imperfect set of these cards, with a title card inscribed, " These 
cards, globes ... by Tho. Tuttell, Mathematical Instrument Maker 
to the King's most excellent Majesty," etc., is in the old Museum 
collection (Willshire, 177.) 



Fanciful. 

68. Proverbs; c. 1700. Complete engraved pack, with humorous 

engravings illustrating proverbs. In every case the proverb 
itself is engraved in a marginal space at the bottom, and the value 
is indicated by a suitmark and numeral in the upper corners. The 
subject of the ace of hearts is " Look before you Leap," that of the 
king of clubs " There is no Companion like the Penny." Backs 
plain. 

3f x 2i in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 89-92.] 

69. Anecdotes, aphorisms, etc. ; c. 1700. Imperfect pack (wanting 

the 4 and 8 of spades and knave of clubs), similar in general 
character to the last. The subjects illustrated are of a very 
miscellaneous character, chiefly amusing stories, fables and 
aphorisms. The subject of the ace of hearts is " Education and 
Learning," that of the king of clubs " The Master and his Servant." 
Backs plain. 

H x 2| in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 81-84.] 



ENGLISH CABBS. 167 



70. Love Mottoes; c. 1700. Imperfect pack (wanting the 5 and king 

of diamonds and the knave of clubs), engraved throughout. Each 
card has a sentimental or fancy subject relating to love, with a 
suitable distich below. The value is indicated by a miniature card 
in one of the upper corners. The subject of the ace of hearts is 
" Lucina roves from sprightly joys above," etc., and that of the 
king of clubs " Yee beautious pair forsake this gloomy way," etc. 
Backs plain. 

3f x 2f in. [S. Yol. I, pi. 85-88.] 

71. Love Mottoes ; c. 1700. Another set of the same cards, very 

imperfect, but with the number of pieces brought up to 49 by the 
addition of 15 from another pack of a quite similar character. The 
same three cards as in the preceding pack are missing. In three 
instances the suitmarks have been tampered with to alter the 
value. One of the added cards (the knave of hearts) is a caricature 
of Sir John Hewson the regicide, with inscription " Like will to 
like Elce why should Hewson be, Still amongst knaves, Knaves 
love his company." Backs plain. 

72. Transformations, 1811. Complete unmounted pack having a 

variety of burlesque designs, etched and coloured by hand, with 
which the suitmarks are incorporated, after the manner of those 
published by Cotta of Tubingen [see German Packs, No. 245]. The 
subject of the ace of hearts is " Dish'd at Derby ; done up ; not a 
sous left, Damme," and that of the king of clubs " Prime Bang up." 
The court cards are whole length figures, some intended to repre- 
sent notable persons of the time ; the queen of spades is apparently 
the Empress Marie Louise, and the king of spades Joseph Bonaparte, 
king of Spain. In original cardboard case, on the front of which 
is the title " Metastasis, Transformation of Cards," and on the back 
a medley of cards. (The original wrapper, an impression of which 
is in the old Museum collection, bears the address " Published Sep- 
tember 1, 1811, by S. and T. Fuller, at the Temple of Fancy, 
Rathbone Place, London.") 

3* x 2\ in. [S. Yol. I, pi. 103-106.] 

73. Transformations, 1828. Complete pack, similar in treatment to 

the last. The court cards are Homeric characters, Ulysses, Pene- 
lope, etc. ; the subjects of the pip cards are without titles. 
The suitmarks only are coloured. The ace of clubs bears the 
address "London, E. Olivatte, 6 Leigh Strt., Burton Crescent, 
1st Jan. 1828." 

3J x 21 in. [S. Yol. I, pi. 107-110.] 



168 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

74. Transformations, 1828. Another set (wanting the ace of spades) 

of the same cards ; later issue with the titles " king," " queen " 
and " knave" added to the court cards, which are coloured. Backs, 
plain. 

75. Transformations ; c. 1820. Two unmounted cards, the 4 of spades 

and the 5 of diamonds, belonging to an etched and coloured pack 
similar in treatment to the two preceding. The 4 of spades is a 
figure of " the celebrated Signior Pietro Francisco Josepha Andrea 
Balanca first Equilibrist to His Catholic Majesty," and the 5 of 
diamonds a schoolmistress whipping a child. [See English Sheets* 
No. 4.] 

3f x 2i in. 

76. Transformations; c. 1820. A single card, the 6 of spades, drawn 

in water-colours, with a burlesque representation of a cat's funeral. 

3| x 2i in. 

77. Landseer's cards. The king of clubs and knave (?) of spades 

belonging to a humorous pack etched by Sir E. Landseer. The 
first represents a monkey in the character of a king, wearing the 
insignia of the Garter ; the second a wild boar in a cloak wearing 
a mask of a woman's face. 

3f x 2\ in. 

78. Dance Music; c. 1775. Imperfect pack (wanting the 2 of dia- 

monds), each card containing the music of a contredanse, with the 
value indicated by a miniature card in upper left corner. The pack 
is accompanied by 24 larger quadrille cards and a direction card 
giving the rules of " Quadrille without Pooling, as played at 
Bath," etc. In original pasteboard case. 

3f X 2£ in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 97.] 

4i X 3 in. 

79. Songs; c. 1730. Four engraved cards, selected from an imperfect 

pack to complete that already in the Museum collection (Will- 
shire, 206). The cards are : — the 10 of spades, the ace and 8 of 
diamonds, and the 4 of clubs. 

4x 2| in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 93-96.] 

80. Fanciful; 18th century. Complete pack, drawn in water-colours 

by an amateur artist, with representations of a great variety of 
subjects, chiefly natural history and botany. The value of each 
card is indicated by a miniature card in upper right corner. 

3J X 2f in. 



ENGLISH CARDS. 169 



81. Domino cards. Complete set in the form of dominoes ; ebony 
inlaid with brass suitmarks and pips. 

2|xl in. 



Fortune-telling. 

82. Lenthall's cards; c. 1670. Complete engraved pack designed for 

divination. Every alternate numeral card has an astrological 
sphere, and the others are filled with fortune-telling answers. The 
court cards are whole length figures, the kings and queens being 
the same in all four suits, though with different inscriptions. Every 
card has a ruled off space at the top, containing the name of some 
astrologer, sibyl, etc., with a numeral and suitmark to indicate the 
value. On the ace of hearts is u Hermes Trismagistus," on the 
king of hearts " Pharoh," on the knave of spades u Wat Tyler " 
and on that of clubs " Hewson, the regicide." Two cards, on which 
is engraved " The Use of the Cards," accompany the pack, and the 
second bears the address " Sold by John Lenthall, Stationer, at the 
Talbot against St. Dunstan Church, Eleetstreet, London." 

3f x 2\ in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 73-76.] 

83. LenthalPs cards; c. 1670. Contemporary repetition of the pre- 

ceding pack ; imperfect, wanting the 2 of hearts and the two cards 
of instruction. 

H x 2f in. 

84. Anonymous; c. 1820. Complete engraved pack, each card con- 

taining an illustration of a fortune-telling prophecy, which is given 
in the form of a distich at the bottom. The value is indicated by 
a miniature card in the upper left corner. The ace of hearts is " A 
merry feast you shortly will attend, About the marriage of a 
worthy friend," and the king of clubs " A humane, generous, 
upright, happy man, Now Lady strive ! and win him if you can." 
The hearts and diamonds are printed in red ink, the other suits in 
black. Backs plain. 
3| x 2J in. 

85. Anonymous; c. 1860. Complete pack, giving burlesque illustra- 

tions of fortune-telling prophecies. The suitmarks are in their 
usual positions and mingled with the designs. On the ace of 
hearts is "A Declaration," and on the king of clubs "You will be 
remembered for all that you have done." The hearts and diamonds 
are printed in red, the other suits in black. Backs plain pink. 

3| x 2\ in. 



170 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 



II.— PIQUET PACKS OF 32. 

86. T. Creswick; c. 1830. Complete pack of the common type, single- 

ended, with the shilling duty card, which bears the maker's name. 
The designs occupy only the central portion of the cards. Backs 
terra-cotta, with a pattern of small black stars. 

3} X 2| in. 

87. T. De la Rue and Co. ; 19th century. Complete pack, double- 

ended, of the French type, with fanciful court cards. The suit- 
mark on the ace of spades is enclosed in an oval frame inscribed 
" Thomas de la Rue and Co. London and Paris." With 9 extra 
pip cards belonging to another pack of the same type. Backs 
plain pink. 

3£ x 2\ in. 

88. Gibson, Hunt and Son; early 19th century. Complete pack, 

of the common type, single-ended, with the " Sixpence additional 
duty" card, which is inscribed with the makers' names, also 
« G. Ill Rex " and " No. 14." Backs plain. 

3i X 21 in. 

89. Hunt and Sons; c. 1830. Complete pack of the common type, 

single-ended, with the shilling duty card which bears the maker's 
name. Backs decorated with a pattern of black dots. 

3| x 2\ in. 

90. Anonymous ; early 19th century. Complete pack, having humorous 

and fanciful designs, etched and coloured. The value of each card 
is indicated by a suitmark at the top, fancifully treated and en- 
closing a numeral. The ace of hearts is a view of a cottage, with 
the word " Lewes," in place of the suitmark ; that of diamonds 
a finger-ring ; that of clubs a letter. Backs plain. 

3| x 2\ in. 



91. G.Martin's Magic Cards; early 19th century. Set of nine 
cards for conjuring, viz. the 7 and 9 of hearts and diamonds 
and 5 and 7 of spades and clubs, with a title card on which is a 
burlesque figure of "Jonathan Hocus Pocus." The left side of 
each card is occupied by a comic figure, etched and coloured. 
With original wrapper inscribed " Magic Cards, Price 6d." Backs 
plain. 

3J X 2\ in. 



ENGLISH CARDS. 171 



92. Set of 8 unusually large double-ended cards, viz. the kings and queens 
of the four suits. The kings are all alike, the suitmarks only being 
varied, and so also with the queens. They are apparently executed 
in photolithography from pen and ink drawings. Backs decorated 
with a small diagonal pink pattern. 

9 x 4| in. 



Ill— CARDS WITHOUT SUITS. 

(a.) For fancy games. 

93. "Animal Quorum." Pack of 48, with heads of various animals 

placed on human bodies. The cards are numbered throughout 1-48, 
four being assigned to each animal; Nos. 1-4 are "Mr. Lion," 
Nos. 45-48 "Mr. Seal." Coloured. Backs plain red. With 
cards of instructions. 

If X 2f in. 

94. "Auction Game." Pack of 48, with representations of various 

domestic articles classed as "Animal," "Vegetable" and "Mineral," 
each design extending over two cards. The first pair of cards are 
" Animal. Good to eat. Basket of eggs," and the last " Vegetable. 
Very pretty. Shock of corn." Backs decorated with a floral 
pattern in blue. With card of instructions. 

3| x 2| in. 

95. " Billiards." Pack of 45, with burlesque punning illustrations of 

the terms used in the game of billiards, in nine numbered sets of 
five each, and as many different colours. With printed sheet of 
directions bearing the address of Mullord Brothers. In cardboard 
case lettered " The Game of Billiards, also containing directions 
for Pool and Pyramids." 
3^ x 2| in. 

96. " Cabinet Council." Pack of 68, sixteen of which are portraits 

of the Queen and the members of the Gladstone administration 
of 1868 ; the remainder bear burlesque titles of members of parlia- 
ment, as " The Honorable Member for Rottenburgh " " for Woollen- 
shire," etc. Backs plain pink. With card of instructions. In 
cardboard case. 

3f x 2a in. 

97. " Characters from Charles Dickens." Pack of 52, divided into 

thirteen quartettes of characters in the works of Dickens. Each 
card has a quotation descriptive of the character. The first card 
contains directions. 

3| x 2| in. 



172 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

98. Characters from Shakspeare. Pack of 60, with burlesque 

figures of characters in Shakspeare's plays; there are fifteen 
subjects, each appearing on four cards. Uncoloured. Without 
title. 

3| x 2| in. 

99. " Sentimental Conversation Cards ; " c. 1770. Pack of 51 

engraved cards, representing a variety of domestic and emblemati- 
cal subjects, each having its title at the top. On the first, which 
is entitled " Industry," is inscribed " Sentimental Conversation 
Cards." With explanatory tract " Sentimental Conversation Cards, 
with complete directions for playing with them . . . Liverpool, 
Printed for W. Robinson," etc. 

3| x 2| in. 

100. Mrs. Alliston's "Poets' Conversation Cards." Pack of 48 

printed cards, 24 of which contain questions and 24 answers, the 
latter being all quotations from the poets. The questions are 
printed in red, the answers in black. Backs plain red. With 
card of instructions. In cardboard case lettered "The Poets 
Conversation Cards, by Mrs. Alliston," etc. 

3| x 2} in. 

101. " The Dockyard." Pack of 24 coloured cards which, when put 

together, make up two pictures, one representing a frigate, the 
other a brig. With card of directions. 

3f x 2| in. 

102. "Forty Thieves." Pack of 48, 24 of which are pictures of 

famous thieves, and 24 of constables. With double card of 
directions. In cardboard case lettered " 40 Thieves and how to 
catch them ; a newly invented game . . . Henry Reason's copy- 
right." 

3f x 2| in. 

103. " Happy Couples." Pack of 71, executed in chromolithography ; 

they are numbered in pairs and each has a humorous verse 
under the subject. Backs plain yellow. With a sheet of instruc- 
tions. In cardboard case. 
H x 2f in. 

104. l< Happy Families." Pack of 44, with humorous coloured figures 

of members of eleven families, " Mr. Block the Barber," " Mr. 
Bones the Butcher," etc. Backs plain pink. 
3* x 2| in. 



ENGLISH CARDS. 173 



105. " In and Out of Luck." Pack of 45, probably imperfect, with 

humorous figures of boys and girls, 30 of whom are " in Luck " 
and 15 " out of Luck " ; with four forfeit cards. 
3f x 2£ in. 

106. "Judge and Jury." Pack of 47, divided into 31 "accusation" 

and 16 "sentence" cards; on the former are represented various 
social crimes charged against gentlemen by ladies and against 
ladies by gentlemen, and on the latter the punishments awarded 
by the judge. With sheet of directions. 
3f x 2f in. 

107. " Laughing made easy." Pack of 54 formed of four sets, each 

numbered 1-12 by means of harps, roses, fleurs-de-lis and eagles 
respectively, and six prize cards. On each of the numeral cards 
are printed a variety of amusing stories and witty sayings. 
With card of directions. In pasteboard case lettered " Ogilvy's 
Games." 

3| x 2i in. 

108. " Lend me Five Shillings." Pack of 56, consisting of 24 

picture and 32 money cards. The former are tumorous portraits 
of the Queen, Prince of Wales, Keeper of the Privy Purse, etc. 
With sheet of instructions bearing the address of D. Ogilvy, 
17 Christ Church Road, Hampstead. In same case with the 
preceding. 

3| x 2| in. 

109. " Parliament." Pack of 45 (? imperfect), with satirical portraits 

of 23 Liberal and 22 Conservative politicians, which bear bur- 
lesque titles, "Mr. Charles Badlaw," "Mr. Partyknell," etc. 
With two printed cards, " The Liberal Programme " and " The 
Conservative Programme." In pasteboard case on which are 
printed the directions. 
3| x 2f in. 

110. " Plucking the Goose." Pack of 51 (? imperfect), consisting 

of 15 "Pluck" and 36 "feather" cards. With card of instruc- 
tions. 

3| x 2f in. 

111. Proverbs. Fragmentary pack of 14, illustrating proverbs, each 

word of which occupies a card ; " the nearer the bone the sweeter 
the meat," etc. 

3£ x 2J in. 

112. "Pyramids." Pack of 25, of pyramidal form, with burlesque 

illustrations of the story of Semiramis and Thoth. With card 
of directions bearing the address of Mullord Bros., London, N*. 
5 x 3 in. 



174 CATALOGUE OF CA11DS. 

113. " Royal Court." An odd card with figure of an infant " Prince/' 

belonging to a pack of 48 published by Goodall. 
3| x 2| in. 

114. " Shop," by Mrs. Alliston. Pack of 48, with representations 

of articles sold by " Green the Chemist," " Jones the Grocer," 
"Brown the Greengrocer," and "Smith the Draper." With 
paper of directions. 
3| x 2| in. 

115. " Streets of London." Pack of 47, with illustrations of the 

various " cries " of the London streets ; " Baked potatoes all hot," 
etc. With card of rules. 

3± x 2J in. 

116. "Victoria, or the Rose, Shamrock and Thistle." Pack 

of 43, having popular ballads printed below and at the sides of 
miniature cards which are charged with emblems, the Rose, 
Harp, Thistle and Prince of Wales's crest. The first card has 
the national anthem with a portrait of Queen Victoria. With 
card of directions* 

3i x 2± in. 

117. "Victoria Cross." Pack of 45, with circular medallions repre- 

senting persons and places connected with the Crimean war 
of 1854-6. The first card is a portrait of Queen Victoria, the 
last a view of Fort Nicholas. Uncoloured. With printed sheet 
of directions. 

3| x 2i in. 

118. ll Wants." Pack of 35, illustrating the wants of various classes of 

persons. " A Lady going to a Ball wants Bouquet, Gloves, Fan, 
and Ball dress," etc. 

3f x 2f in. 

119. Wedding Party. Pack of 47, twenty-two of which represent 

the various characters associated with a wedding, the remainder 
being forfeit cards. 

4|x 3 in. 

120. "Who Buys?" Pack of 42, comprising 6 "tradesman" cards 

and 36 smaller ones which illustrate the articles in which they 
deal. The former are "Mr. Hatter," "Mr. Poulterer," "Mr. 
Sailor," " Mr. Soldier," " Mr. Publican " and " Mr. Artist." With 
card of directions. 

3| x 2| in. 
If x 2| in. 



ENGLISH CARDS, 175 



121. "Wishing and Guessing." Pack of 20 printed cards, each 

bearing a list of ten objects to be wished for. Half are printed 
in black and half in red. With sheet of directions and original 
wrapper lettered " Dean's New Wishing Cards or the Secret Told." 

2i x 4J in. 

122. Pack of 32, in four sets of 8 each, which bear respectively the 

royal arms and crown, the arms and crest of the Prince of Wales, 
the badge and star of the Order of the Garter, and the arms and 
mitre of the Archbishop of Canterbury. With two duplicates. 
Backs decorated with a gold pattern on a green ground. 
3f x 2i in. 

123. Pack of 46, on the first of which is represented the royal crown 

and on the rest the coronets of the English peerage and helmets 
of baronets, knight and esquires. On each is printed the number 
of " votes " it is worth. 

3| x 2f in. 

124. Pack of 51, bearing representations of various English coins from 

sixpence to half-a-guinea, with their values printed below and the 
royal crown above. A card of the " Rules of the new Game of 
Patch " accompanies the pack, but has no connection with it. 

3f x 2i in. 

125. Eighteen cards, repetitions of five engraved and coloured fancy 

subjects, viz. a mausoleum, an altar, a lamp, a serpent and a 
crescent moon. Without inscriptions. 

3| x 2| in. 

126. Comic. Pack of 56, with a variety of domestic and other subjects 

humorously treated. There are fourteen designs, each of which 
appears on four cards. The first is a man playing a flute, with 
the title " Away with Melancholy." Without title. 

3f x 2| in. 



(b.) For Cartomancy. 

127. "The Gipsey's Last Legacy, or new Pack of Fortune- 
Telling Cards." Pack of 26 printed cards, 13 for telling the 
fortunes of ladies, and 13 of gentlemen. The former have a 
large letter L in the centre, the latter a Gr. In pasteboard case 
bearing the above title, with a vignette of Sir Joshua Reynolds's 
" Fortune Teller," and the address of J. Wallis and J. Wallis, jun. 
5 x 3 in. 



176 CATALOGUE OF CARDS, 

128. " Grand Charm." Pack of 29, printed in blue, with burlesque 
Chinese figures and fortune-telling sentences on 22 of them ; the 
first card has the title with a comic figure of a Chinaman, and the 
last six are forfeit cards. 

3| X 2f in. 



129. Dreams ; c. 1840. Pack of 38 small etched cards, with humorous 

interpretations of dreams ; "If you dream of sitting down to 
dinner and can get nothing to serve it denotes a scarcity," etc. 

2\ x 11 in. 

130. " The Dreamer." Etched direction card belonging to a pack 

apparently resembling the preceding ; published by Rock Brothers 
and Payne. 

2£ x H in. 

131. A single card (No. 18) belonging to a printed pack containing 

fortune-telling sentences. 

3i x 2i in. 



(c.) For Conjuring. 

132. " Arithmeticus/' 1809. Pack of six engraved cards, each con- 

taining 32 numerals in four columns. With printed card of 
explanation, bearing the address of R. and E. Williamson. 

3| x 2i in. 

133. "Magic Swans." Set of six cards, on each of which is a figure 

of a swan holding a long banderole inscribed with 32 numerals. 
With original wrapper which bears on the inside " Directions 
to Play," and on the outside the title "The Magic Swans 
or Feather'd Conjurers, who will discover any secret Number 
or Age of any Person in Company," with the address of G. Martin. 

2£ x 3J in. 

134. "Jonathan Hocus Focus." Set of six etched and coloured 

cards, of which the first is a figure of a magician, and the 
rest have each two burlesque figures arranged diagonally. With- 
out inscriptions. In original wrapper, on which is a figure 
of " Jonathan Hocus Pocus, Prince of Conjurers," with address 
of G. Martin. 



ENGLISH CARDS. 177 



(d.) For Instructive Games. 

135. History of England. " Historical Pope Joan," 1822. Pack 

of 33 printed cards, with medallion woodcuts of English 
sovereigns, from William the Conqueror to George III, attri- 
buted to Bewick. In original pasteboard case, lettered " The 
Cards for Playing Wallis's New Game of Historical Pope 
Joan," etc. 

H x 2± in. 

136. History of England; recent. " Royal Old Maid." Pack of 69, 

with woodcut portraits of the kings and queens, from William I 
to the present Prince and Princess of Wales. With card of 
instructions which bears the address of C. Robinson, 8 Baker 
Street, London. In original pasteboard case, on which is a por- 
trait of Queen Elizabeth and the title " Reichardt's Historical 
Game Royal Old Maid." 

3f x 2f in. 

137. History of England. " The Royal Cards " ; recent. Pack of 

40, one representing the Commonwealth, four the dynasties of 
the Normans, Plantagenets, Tudors and Stuarts, and thirty-five 
the sovereigns of England from William I to Victoria; at the 
bottom of each card is a statement of the leading events of 
the reign, with an illustration of one of them. Executed in 
chromolithography. With sheet of instructions in English and 
French, and original wrapper. 

3| x 2^ in. 

138. History of France ; 1830. Pack of 78, of which seventy-two 

give facts relating to the kings of France from Pharamond to 
Louis Philippe, and the remaining six their portraits. Each of 
the former has a square frame containing one or more fleurs-de-lis, 
and they are in six series, printed in as many different colours. 
With six metal pools and a book of directions bearing the address 
of E. Wallis. In original pasteboard case. 

3| x 2£ in. 

139. Geography. Counties of England ; 1799. Pack of 52 printed 

cards, giving the extent, chief towns, products, etc., of the counties 
of England and Wales. With sheet of directions. In original 
pasteboard case lettered " The Geography of England and Wales, 
accurately delineated on 52 Cards," etc., with the address of 
J. Wallis. 

4f x 3 in. 



178 CATALOGUE OF CARLS. 

140. Geography. Counties of England; c. 1830. Pack of 103 

printed cards, giving information respecting the counties of 
England and Wales. Each county has two cards, one containing 
an account of it, the other a list of its chief towns. One of the 
Northumberland cards is missing. In original pasteboard case, 
on one side of which are the rules of the game, and on the 
other the title " A New Game of British Geography, interspersed 
with Historical Anecdotes ... by C. A. S. Printed and sold by 
S. Low, 42 Lamb's Conduit Street." 

141. Geography. "Counties of England"; modern. Pack of 61, 

comprising fourteen county cards and forty-seven picture cards 
illustrating their towns. With two extra cards, one giving the 
rules of the game, the other the key. 
3i x 2£ in. 

142. Geography and Astronomy. " Astrophilogeon " ; 1828. Pack 

of 60 engraved cards, consisting of thirty terrestrial and thirty 
celestial maps. Edges gilt. In original pasteboard case lettered 
" Astrophilogeon, a Game of Science and Amusement. Published 
by C. Hodges, 27 Portman Street, Portman Square, 1828." 
Si X 2\ in. 

143. Music. "Pope Joan," by E. E. Thomas; c. 1830. Pack of 59, 

giving the musical notes and their respective rests in all their 
characters from the semibreve to the demisemiquaver. On the 
first card is an engraved trophy, formed of a harp suspended 
by a ribbon, with other instruments and a musifc book. In 
original pasteboard case bearing the address of Chappell & Co. 
3f x 2| in. 

144. Music. " Cassino and Commerce," by E. E. Thomas ; 1830. 

Pack of 70, belonging to the same series and of the same character 
as the preceding. The first card is " A new Table of Musical 
Characters," and the second an engraved trophy of musical in- 
struments. With book of instructions. In original pasteboard 
case bearing the address of Chappell & Co. 

145. Religion and Science ; late 18th century. Pack of 60 printed 
cards, each containing a question or an answer on some religious 
or scientific subject. With sheet of Rules of the Game, bearing 
the address of W. Calvert, Great Shire Lane, Lincoln's Inn. 



146. Riddles ; 1796. Forty-three oards from a set of over 100, rudely 
painted in water-colours with a variety of subjects which profess 



ENGLISH CARDS, 179 



to be riddles to be guessed. One represents a franked letter^ 
dated January 1796 and addressed to Miss Howard, Ashtead 
Park, Epsom. All are numbered at the back, and two cards 
containing lists of those found out and not found out accompany 
them. 

3f x 2± in. 



(e.) For Instruction only. 

147. Bible. " The Sabbath a Delight, or Bible Pictures and Stories 

for the Family ; by M. M. Gordon." 46 cards printed in colours, 
with 26 smaller ones bearing letters of the alphabet. With 
sheet of directions. 

3 X 4f in. 

H x 2i hi. 

148. Bible. Mrs. Carus Wilson's Scripture Questioning Cards, No. 1. 

51 printed cards, with key. 

149. Bible. Mrs. Carus Wilson's Scripture Questioning Cards, No. 2. 

50 printed cards, with key. 

150. Bible. Mrs. Carus Wilson's Scripture Questioning Cards, No. 3. 

51 printed cards, with key. 

151. Bible. "Sunday Evening Recreation for Young People." 60 

printed cards containing scripture questions. With title card 
and " key " card. In original pasteboard case, bearing address of 
John F. Shaw. 

152. Religion. " Conversations from Paley on Natural Theology." 

41 printed cards, with title and book of directions. In original 
pasteboard case, bearing address of W. & H. Rock. 

153. Religion and Poesy. "The Sacred Oracle, a moral and 

instructive Pastime." 52 printed cards, each containing a text of 
scripture and some verses. With card of directions. In original 
pasteboard case which bears the address of W. & H. Rock. 

154. Mythology. " Pantheon or Heathen Mythology " ; 18th century. 

46 engraved cards, illustrating the fables of antiquity. The 
first is " Adonis," the last "Vulcan." With title-card. On 
the back of each card is a MS. account of the subject in French. 
In original pasteboard case on which is a group of the heathen 
divinities with the title " Mythology." 

3| x 2f in. 

w 9 



180 CATALOGUE OF VARUS. 

155. History. Sovereigns of England ; early 18th century. Set of 

30, with whole-length woodcut portraits of kings of England from 
William I to George I. Each card has a verse of four lines at 
the bottom, that on the first commencing, " William a spurious 
branch of Rollo's race," etc. 

3£ x 2J in. 

156. History. Sovereigns of England. John Harris's " Liliputian 

History of England ; " late 18th century. Imperfect set of 32 
with woodcut medallion portraits of the kings of England from 
William I to George III, each accompanied by ten or twelve 
lines of verses and explanatory notes (the Queen Anne card 
is missing). With two extra printed cards, one giving the 
" order of succession," the other a lisb of Harris's publications. 

4£ x 21 in. 

157. History. Sovereigns of England. " Historical cards exhibiting 

the History of England;" published by J. Wallis, late 18th 
century. Imperfect pack of 30, with small | coloured woodcut 
medallions of the kings and queens of England, accompanied by 
letterpress accounts of them (the Charles I and James II cards 
are missing). In much injured original pasteboard case, which 
bears the above title. 

Si x 2\ in. 

158. History. Sovereigns of England. Complete pack of 32, closely 

resembling the last, the letterpress being the same but the 
medallions different. In original pasteboard case bearing the 
same title. 

Si x 2\ in. 

159. History. Sovereigns of England. " Historical cards exhibiting 

the History of England " ; published by John Wallis, late 18th 
century. Pack of 36, engraved jand coloured, with whole-length 
figures of kings and queens of England, and the same verses as 
in No. 155. The first card is "Ancient Britons," and the last 
" George Prince of Wales " (afterwards George IV). In original 
pasteboard case bearing the above titled 

3| X 21 in. 

160. History of England. " Historical cards printed for the use of 

Miss Bradley's School, Priory, Lincoln;" early 19th century. 
Set of 15 printed cards containing an epitome of the history of 
England. In original pasteboard case bearing the above title. 



ENGLISH CARDS. 181 



161. History of France. "Historical cards composed for the use 

of Miss Bradley's Pupils, Priory, Lincoln"; early 19th century. 
Set of 14 printed cards containing an epitome of the history of 
France. In original pasteboard case bearing the above title. 

162. E. Harding's u Chronological Abridgement of the History 

of France," printed at Frogmore Lodge, 1811 ; on 66 cards. 
In original pasteboard case. 

163. E. Harding's " Chronological Abridgement of the History 

of Germany," printed at Frogmore Lodge, 1810; on 71 cards. 
In original pasteboard case. 

164. E. Harding's " Chronological Abridgement of the History 

of Spain/' printed at Frogmore Lodge, 1809 ; on 32 cards. In 
original pasteboard case. 

165. E. Harding's " Chronological Abridgment of the History 

of Portugal/' printed at Frogmore Lodge, 1817; on 50 cards. 
(No. 45 is missing and a duplicate of 46 has been substituted.) 
In original pasteboard case. 

166. E. Harding's "Chronological Abridgment of the History 

of Ancient Rome/' printed at Frogmore Lodge, 1817 ; on 46 
cards. In original pasteboard case. 

167. History. Ancient Rome. " Historical cards exhibiting the 

Roman History;" published by John Wallis, late 18th century. 
Pack of 28 with coloured medallions ; belonging to the same 
series as No. 157. In original pasteboard case bearing the above 
title. 

168. History. Ancient Greece. "Historical Cards exhibiting the 

Grecian History," published by John Wallis ; late 18th century. 
Pack of 32 belonging to the same series as the last. In original 
pasteboard case bearing the above title. 

169. Geography. " A Geographical Description of the World on 32 

cards, Embellished with the Dresses of the various Nations " ; 
late 18th century. Set of 32, with engraved and coloured 
roundels containing costume figures. In original pasteboard case 
bearing the above title. 

170. Alphabet. G. Tytler's « The Pictorial A. B. C. " ; 1822. Set of 

28, engraved with a variety of subjects, each of which takes the 
form of a letter. With a printed card containing a list of the 
subjects and also a sheet of description. Letter A (a peasant 
training a vine) bears the address " London Published by 
G. Tytler No. 46 Essex St., Strand July 1, 1822." In original 
pasteboard case. 



182 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

171. Alphabet ; late 18th century. Set of 24 square cards, each 

having a small coarse woodcut in the centre with letter and 
sentence above, printed in red ; " A was an Admiral over the 
Main," etc. 

172. Phrenology. Vol. 1 of Mrs. L. Miles's " Casket of Knowledge,'' 

dedicated to the Duchess of Kent and Princess Victoria ; 
published by Ackermann & Co. 1835. Set of 40 printed cards, 
with title card and embossed head. Enclosed in small box made 
to resemble a book. 

173. Dancing. " Paine of Alruack's Quadrilles." A set of 16 printed 

cards containing French descriptions of fashionable dances ; pub- 
lished at H. Falkner's opera music warehouse, 3 Old Bond St. 
In red cardboard case. 

174. Costumes. Set of 40 engraved plates of costumes of men and 

women, ancient, mediaeval and modern, down to the period of 
publication, the end of the 17th century. Each contains a single 
figure, without inscription. Numbered throughout I-XL. 

Si x H in. 



AMEEICAN. 

1. Boston. Waterproof Playing Card Co. Imperfect pack of 50 circular 

cards, with Joker. The missing cards are the 9 and 10 of spades. 
In cardboard case. 

3 in. diameter. 

2. Chicago. " World's Fair Souvenir Playing Cards." Complete pack 

of 52, with Joker and title card. On every card is a view of some 
portion of the Chicago Exhibition, 1893. In cardboard case 
lettered "Designed and Lithographed by Winter's Art Litho- 
graph Co. Finished by the John T. Story Co. Chicago." 

3| x 21 in. 

3. Chicago. " Columbian Souvenir Playing Cards." Complete pack 

of 52, with Joker. On every card is a view of some part of the 
Chicago Exhibition, 1893. In cardboard case inscribed " Col- 
umbian Souvenir Playing Card Co. Chicago, Illinois." 

3± x 2£ in. 



AMERICAN CARDS. 183 

4. New York. A. H. Caffee, 1888. " Political Comic Playing Cards." 

Complete pack of 52 with Joker and " key " cards. The court 
cards are portraits of American politicians and the Joker represents 
" Harrison knocking Cleveland out." Backs decorated with a view 
of the Capitol at Washington and portraits. In original card- 
board case. 

3£ x 2\ in. 

5. New York. A. Dougherty; modern. "Foster's Self-Playing 

Whist Cards," 1st series. Complete pack of 52, with two extra 
cards of explanation, and a sheet of illustrations. In original 
cardboard case. 

31 x 2* in. 



6. New York. A. Dougherty ; modern. " Polo Playing Cards, No. 80." 

In original wrapper and cardboard case. 

7. New York. A. Dougherty ; modern. " Dougherty's Indicators," 

No. 50. In original wrapper and cardboard case. 

8. New York. The Joker belonging to a pack made by the New York 

Consolidated Card Co. 

9. Anonymous ; modern. Complete Euchre pack of 32, with burlesque 

figures of Chinamen on the court cards. The suitmarks are cats, 
frogs, sparrows and dragons. Printed in gold on a black ground. 
In original black and gold cardboard case lettered " Euchre," 
" Bijou Stationery," and " Registered and entered at Stationers' 
Hall." 

4* X 2| in. 



INDIAN. 

1. Hindoo pack of 96 circular lacquered cards, divided into eight suits. 

In wooden box decorated with flowers and gilt. Modern. 

li in. diameter. 

2. Set of 12 circular red cards, all of one suit and apparently forming 

part of a set similar to the last. 

If in. diameter. 



184 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 



JAVANESE. 

An Ombre pack of the Spanish type, executed in water colours by a 
native artist. The suitmarks are Spanish, and the court cards 
modern European characters. The 5 of bastos is missing. 

3i x If in. 



JAPANESE. 

1. Pack of 48, lacquered in colours, the subjects chiefly flowers and 

birds, which form 12 suits emblematical of the months. In deal 
box with glass top. Modern. 

2. Two packs of 48 each, similar to the preceding. In card-board box, 

on the lid of which is a view of a manufactory, with Japanese 
inscriptions : " Officially sanctioned by the authorities super- 
intending farmers and merchants. The trade mark registered," 
etc. Modern. 

3.-2 Two packs of 48 each, of similar make to the preceding, but with 
entirely different designs. In deal box. 
2 x li in. 

4. Two packs of 100 each, all having studies of plants, etc., executed 
in gold on a green ground, with gold backs. Across the face of 
every card is an inscription in Japanese handwriting. In paper 
wrappers and a black lacquered deal box. Modem. 
3} X 2\ in. 



CHINESE. 

3J X 1 in. 
Collection of modern packs acquired by the testator from Mr. 
W. H. Wilkinson of H. M. China Consular Service, who has kindly 
furnished the following notes and descriptions. 

The packs contained in this collection were procured during the 
year 1889-90 from Canton, Swatow, and Foochow in South China, from 
Ningho and Shanghai on the central sea-board, from Peking in the north, 
from Kiukiang and Ichang in mid-China, and from Chungking in the far 
west. Thus they may be taken as fair representatives of this curious 



CHINESE CARDS. 185 



class of playing cards, a class concerning which nothing but baseless con- 
jecture has hitherto been published in Europe. 

The first point to be noticed in respect to them is that no distinction 
is made in China between cards proper and what we should regard as 
dominoes. The term for both is p l ai (pronounced £ pie ' as in Tipperary), 
and pasteboard cards are simply " paper p'ai " in contradistinction to 
bamboo, wooden, bone, or ivory p'ai. The same game can Jbe had at any 
seat of luxury, such as Canton or Shanghai, either in the form of 
coarsely printed slips of pasteboard or as ivory and ebony tablets half an 
inch thick, neatly fitted into a sandalwood box. [See Hwahaw Nos. 2 
and 3.] For some games, as the universally popular one of T'ienJciu 
(Tenquew) or " Heaven and Nines," tablets seem preferred to paper slips ; 
for others, such as Chiimap'ao (Keemapow) — " Rook, Knight and Cannon " 
—pasteboard is generally used. [See Nos. 9-14.] 

In England, as practically throughout Europe, one kind of playing 
card has swallowed up all others ; but in China packs of very different 
style and origin contrive to exist side by side. Some of these, indeed, are 
local [See Nos. 30-33], if a pack used throughout a district as broad as 
Spain can be described as local, while others are found all over the 
Empire. An examination of the specimens in the present collection will 
show that Chinese cards derive their designs or their use from at least 
four distinct sources, namely (1) dice, (2) chessmen, (3) coins, and (4) a 
set form of words. 

1. If any one sufficiently interested in the matter will take a pair of 
dice and throw them sufficiently often, he will find that 21 different 
results can thus be obtained. These combinations the Chinese, with 
affectionate solicitude, have christened as follows : — 



1. Double sixes f , " heaven." a. Four and five f 

2. „ aces -k " earth." b. Three and six £ 



3. „ fours f , " man." c. Two and six f 

4. Ace and three -k " harmony " or d. Three and five -f 



' the geese." e. Three and four |^ 

* sevens.'' 



} "eights." 



5. Double fives f , " plums." /. Two and five f 

0. „ threes f, "long threes" or g. One and four J \ afl „ 
" door chain." h. Two and three f J flves * 

7. Double twos f , " the bench." i. Two and four f, " bighead six." 

8. Five and six f, "tiger's head'* or j. One and two £, " three chickens." 

" the chopper." 
0. Four and six -*, " the screen." 

10. Ace and six -J, " the water bucket." 

11. Ace and five ^, " the hammer." 

The first eleven of these are known as " civilians," the last ten 
(Nos. a-j) as the military, and the order in which they are here given is 
the order of their value, which it is of great importance to remember. It 
is, in fact, one of the earliest pieces of useful information acquired by the 
young idea, of either sex, in China. 



186 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

This order (except that f sometimes counts before J) is the same for 
both dice and dominoes : indeed it seems open to considerable doubt 
whether we should not, from the peculiar standpoint of the Chinese, 
regard dice, equally with dominoes, as playing cards. As this seems to 
verge on paradox it shall not be pressed, but it may be conveniently 
noted here that Chinese dice are sold not in pairs but in sets of six, 
and that the ace and four spot are coloured red, the other spots black. 
Both peculiarities are copied into the dominoes or cards derived from 
them. [See JSTos. 1-8.] 

2. Chinese chess requires a commander-in-chief (chiang or shway), two 
aides (shih), two elephants (hsiang), two chariots (chii), two horses (ma), 
two cannons (p'ao), and live soldiers (tsu or ping). The first five cor- 
respond, some imperfectly, some exactly, to our king, queen, bishop, rook, 
and knight respectively, the last to our pawns ; the cannon has no 
counterpart in the European game. The various pieces are not dis- 
tinguished, as with us, by carved conventional figures, but are merely so 
many draughtsmen, as it were, labelled each with its name in a single 
word or " character." These characters are borrowed by the cardmakers 
as marks for their cards, so that in a game like Keemapow [Nos. 10, 11] 
we have 4 packs of 28 cards, being the king, queen, bishop : rook, knight, 
cannon : and pawn, in 4 colours. The name Keemapow, properly Chiima- 
p'ao, is simply " rook, knight, and cannon." 

3. Until this present year (1890) no Chinese Government has 
succeeded in passing into currency any coin except the base compound of 
copper, lead, and sand known to foreigners as the cash. This coin, worth 
in the provinces about ^th of a penny, is some three-fourths of an inch 
in diameter, with a square hole in the centre, above and below and on 
either side of which is a character or word. The hole is for convenience 
in stringing the cash together, a thousand of the cash so strung being 
called a tiao or " string." Cards would originally, in China at all events, 
have been so many tokens representing sums of money, for which, and 
with which, the gamblers were playing. Each then would be labelled ' as 
representing one, two, or more cash, or so many tens, hundreds, thousands, 
or even myriads, of cash. From this to the use of cash, and their decimal 
multiples tens, hundreds, strings, and myriads, as mere marks of suits, 
resembling our diamonds or the German bells, would be but a step. Hence 
in games like Khanhoo, which we should be inclined to regard (from their 
general diffusion) as indigenous to China and of some antiquity, cash, 
myriads and strings appear, in one form or another, as simple suit-marks 
[See Kos. 15-25]. We say, in one form or another, because while the 
suits of cash and strings are represented pictorially, by a conventional 
arrangement corresponding to, for instance, our J«^ for the five of 
diamonds, the suit of myriads is indicated by its character 3 (wan) preceded 
by a numeral, much as H.9 stands with us for the nine of hearts. 

4. The " set form of words," which is a favourite device of West of 
China cardmakers, varies with the pack. It will be found more fully 
explained below, in the description of packs 30-33. 



CHINESE CABBS. 



187 



The backs of pasteboard cards of the better kind are a plain black, 
white, orange, maroon, or other colour [See Nos. 8, 13, 16, 18, 22, 27, 
28 ; 12 ; 10, 29 ; 11, 17, 23] ; those with patterns appear to be of inferior 
manufacture [See Nos. 4-7, 9, 21]. This, however, may be merely a 
question of local taste. In Western China larger and longer cards are 
used, smeared on both sides with a somewhat sickly oil [Nos. 4-7, 25, 
30-33]. To guard against the possibility of marked backs, cautious players 
employ a small card-holder of pewter or other material so shaped that the 
top card only can be seen ; then they draw from the bottom [See specimen 
accompanying No. 14]. 

" Squeezers " — cards with marginal marks to show suit and value — are 
largely used in China, where they are called for by the wiliness of the 
players and the fact that constantly fifteen, and often twenty, cards have 
to be held in the hand, not merely at the beginning but throughout the 
game. We are speaking here of pasteboard cards ; cards of bamboo or 
bone, being used in play in the same manner as our dominoes, would not 
require such marks, or have room for them. In pasteboard backs based 
on dice, such as Hwahaw [Nos. 3, 4] there is not much necessity for a 
squeezer mark, as the domino is given at the head and foot of each card. 
Nevertheless, in a pack procured from Ichang [No. 4], this is done by 
giving " doubles " a red margin, " illuminated " a black, and " singles " no 
margin at all. In the same way packs founded on chess should not 
require the mark, since the value of the card is expressed by a single 
"character" at either end [Nos. 10-13], Yet in one pack bought in 
Foochow [No. 14] marks are found similar to those used for Khanhoo 
cards, thus : 



King (no mark) 



Queen 



Bishop 



Book 



Knight 



Cannon 



Pawn 



The squeezer marks for Khanhoo cards vary, both as regards suits 
and pips, in different packs. Thus we find — 



Strings 

Myriads 
Cash 



Peking Foochow Canton Kiukiang Chungking 
[19]. [20]. [22]. [24]. [26]. 




188 



CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 



9 




Kiukiang 
[No. 24]. 

^■J Peking [19]. 
Swatow [21]. 

Canton [22]. 

Foochow 
[20]. 

' Singapore. 

Chungking 
[26]. 

One Khanhoo pack from Peking [No. 18] varies for both pips and suits. 

It will be noticed that the above examples show through their 
apparent diversity a certain uniformity, from which it may be fairly 
inferred that the squeezer marks for pip numbers had a common origin. 
This is most noticeable in the mark for the 7 spot, a kind of saw edge, 
which we have found to also mark the pawn, No. 7 in the chess series. 
But other numeral marks are almost equally constant : the end acute 
angle for 3, the central double semicircle for 4, the double full circle 
for 5, the double end line for 6, and the central upward semicircle for 8. 
The ace is denoted by a clip in one corner, the 9 by a single end line. 
The 2 shows the greatest diversity, but usually varies with the 5, of which 
it gives one-half. 

The maker's firm name, or shop sign, is not confined to one card in 
the pack. In a Khanhoo set [No. 20] it appears on each of the aces 
(these include the coat cards " Whiteflower," " Redflower," and " Old 
Thousand "), and on the two Jokers — the term will be explained presently. 
Old Thousand in this pack is a very elaborate affair. Besides the maker's 
sign Ta Li, it contains the legend, " Pray spare printed paper," and the 
very oriental warning to imitators, "Who counterfeits Ta Li, may his 

sons be thieves and his daughters ." In a similar pack [No. 22] the 

maker's family name Yeh ("a leaf" — the surname of the celebrated 
Commissioner Yeh) appears on every card except the five Jokers. On 
Whiteflower is the inscription " at the old sign Yeh, faithfully and taste- 
fully executed." On the ace of cash is printed " Yeh family," on the 
other, " senior branch." In another pack [No. 29] the style and address 
are distributed over three cards ; the address, Chianglan Street, Canton, 
on the 6 of cash, the style Lu Ki ("stags ") on the 9 of myriads, and the 
sign Tung Hwa Chai (" the Eastern Nest of Culture ") on one of the aces. 
In a chess pack [No. 12] the style Yuan Hing appears in full on the kings 
of the four colours, while all the other red and yellow cards have Yuan 
and all green and white, Hing. In a domino pack [No. 5] the address is 



CHINESE CARDS. 189 



given on the \, J, \, f and f . In a Chungking pack [No. 7] the style 
(Gh'ing Q¥en Chai, — " Nest of Pure Officials ") is on the bordered f . 

Certain cards bear besides inscriptions of two or three characters, 
as on Old Thousand [No. 22], "to all under heaven, peace in the highest.' 7 
Others [Nos. 17 and 23] carry a couplet on the Old Thousand. The suit 
of myriads is almost invariably marked by grotesquely drawn heads, 
which are said to be those of celebrated gamblers. The names for some 
of them [see Nos. 16, 20, 29] seem fairly constant (the 7 is Ch'in Ming, 
the 9 Lei or Lei Weng, the 4 Tza Chin), others, like the 3 (Ta Li or 
Kwan Sheng) are variously given. One pack [No. 29] is marked in this 
way throughout. Behind these uncouth names must be hidden a sheaf 
of old-time stories, some forgotten, others recoverable by wide and patient 
inquiry. There is always difficulty, however, in ferreting out information 
concerning Chinese playing cards, as the literary class affect to despise 
them — while freely using them — and there is, it would seem, no native 
memoir on the subject. 

The last peculiarity to be noted here is the employment in most 
Chinese games of certain additional cards, which have no suit or value of 
their own, but can be used to take the place of any one card required, 
much as in Primero the knave of hearts " might be made any card or 
suit" (Cavendish, Card Essays). These are known to the Chinese as 
" golds," being originally two extra suit cards distinguished by a blot of 
gold, or by the word gold impressed upon them [see No. 13]. They will 
be described here as atouts or jokers. In one Khanhoo pack from Foochow 
[No. 20] there are only the original two of these ; another similar pack 
from Peking [No. 19] contains six. Two chess packs (from Canton and 
Swatow, Nos. 10, 11) and one fine Khanhoo pack [No. 22] have five each : 
in this case the Five Blessings, Posterity, Promotion, Long Life, Happi- 
ness, and Wealth, a curious parallel to the naibis or emblematic cards of 
mediaeval Italian packs. A domino pack (bone tablets, No. 2) from 
Ningpo has six blanks, serving much the same purpose; another from 
Shanghai (pasteboard, No. 3) has three. 

To take now the several packs [Nos. 1-33] in order : 



1. Cards derived from Dice. 

i. T'ienkiu (Tenquew) : " Heavens and Nines [No. 1]. 

Pack No. 1. In a tin box, containing 32 dominoes (cards), namely 
two each of the eleven " civilians " (page 2, supra), and one each of the 
ten "military." The name is derived from the highest obtainable 
quartette, viz., £ , $ , g, f (e.g., " heavens," f , and " nines," f or f ). 

[Note. — The method of play in this and the following games, though 
highly interesting, is omitted in this paper, which is confined to a descrip- 
tion of the cards themselves.] 



190 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

ii. Huaho (Hwahaw) : " Flower Harmony " [Nos. 2-4]. 

No. 2. In a wooden box (from Ningpo), containing 126 bone and 
blackwood tablets (cards) and six similar blanks. The game consists of 
the 21 Tenquew cards (page 2) (1) plain (2) illuminated (3) doubled* 
three of the first, two of the second, and one only of the third. There 
are thus 3 X 21, or 63, plain, 42 illuminated, and 21 doubled, together 
with the six blanks, which serve the purpose of Jokers. These 21 suits 
(for such they almost are) are divided into three classes : 

(a). Small cards: " fives" (£, §) ; "sevens" (f, f-) ; "eights" 

at); and -shorts" (i, i; f, |). 
(b). Middle cards : " long twos " (f ) ; " long threes " (§) ; 

" plums " (|). 
(c). Great cards: f, |, f, J ; *, f , £, f. 

The rationale of this division will be at once clear on reference back 
to the order of the Tenquew cards. The " great " cards are the first four 
civilians and the first two and last two military (the last two forming the 
highest pair in the pack), the middle cards are the three other doubles, 
and the " small " cards are the remainder. 

No. 3. Pasteboard pack (Shanghai) blue-figured backs; the 126 
Hwahaw cards and three jokers (cards bearing a portrait only). The 
" illuminated " cards bear a portrait, not, as in the case of Nos. 2 and 4, 
a coarse spray of flowers. 

No. 4. Pasteboard pack (Ichang), oiled paper, figured backs; the 
126 cards only, no jokers. The "doubled" cards bear a portrait instead 
of being, as in Nos. 2 and 3, actually doubled. 

iii. Variations of Hwahaw [Nos. 5-7]. 

No. 5. From Ichang, oiled paper, figured backs similar to No. 4. 
There are only five cards of each of the 21 Tenquew kinds, instead of six ; 
there is no distinction of " flowered " and " doubled," but the " great " 
cards — which are the first four civilians and the last three military(f , J, |) 
— bear a portrait. Total = 105. 

No. 6. From Chungking, oiled paper, dotted backs ; 111 cards, viz., 
five each of the 21 kinds (four plain cards and one bordered), and six 
jokers (four of one kind and one each of two other kinds). 

No. 7. From Chungking, oiled paper, maroon plain backs. Seven 
each of the 21 kinds (four of the seven illuminated, three plain). 
Total = 147. 

[Note. — Of the \ illuminated there are only three, while of the ^ 
illuminated there are five — clearly a mistake in putting up the pack. 

iv. Canton domino pack [No. 8]. 

No. 8. This contains the 21 Tenquew cards simply quadrupled, 
without further marks of difference. The game is played on a different 
principle to Hwahaw. 



CHINESE CARDS. 191 



2. Cards derived from Chessmen. 

v. Chtimapow (Keemapow) — "Rook, Knight, and Cannon" [Nos. 
9-14]. 

No. 9. Swatow pack, narrow cards curved in middle, faint pattern 
on back. Comprises eight each of the first six cards (king, queen, bishop : 
rook, knight, cannon) in both white and black, and ten each of the pawns. 
No jokers. Total = 116. 

No. 10. Canton pack of 112 cards and 5 "golds" or jokers, plain 
maroon backs (Total =117). In a small box : 4 each of the 7 chessmen 
in 4 colours, red and yellow and green and white. (The red and yellow 
bear the marks of the black chessmen — shway for king and ping for pawn, 
besides slightly altered characters for the other pieces ; the green and 
white reproduce the names of the white — or red — men, as chiang and tsu for 
king and pawn respectively. It may be noted in passing that Chinese 
writers on chess, and Chinese makers of chessmen, continually reverse 
this arrangement, their only constant object being to keep the pieces of 
one side, whether black or white, distinct from those of the other). The 
jokers (the Five Blessings) are coloured red. 

No. 11. Swatow pack precisely similar to the foregoing, but with 
5 white jokers. (Note. — Canton and Swatow are in the same province, 
and both are noted for their playing cards. It is often difficult to tell 
whether a pack purchased at the one place was not manufactured at the 
other.) 

No. 12. Foochow pack of 112 cards, similar to Nos. 10 and 11, but 
without jokers. Short and thick, white backs. 

No. 13. From Swatow. Done up in two half packs, black and red. 
Contains 70 cards, viz., 4 each of the king, queen, bishop : rook, knight, 
cannon, in red; the same number in black, and 10 each of the red and 
of the black pawns; and two jokers. These last are marked kin, or 
" gold." 

No. 14. Foochow pack of 56 cards, viz. 4 each of the 7 red, and as 
many of the 7 black, men ; no jokers. It is for this pack that the card- 
holder already spoken of [shown with No. 14] was used, a vexatious 
contrivance designed to do away with all the advantages marked cards 
afford. This pack, too, is the only one of its kind (so far collected) that 
shows " squeezer " signs. 

[Note. — In order to guard against misconception it may be as well 
to mention here that the object of all Keemapow games is to obtain by 
exchange a hand which shall consist entirely of certain simple combina- 
tions, viz., quartettes, triplets, or pairs (all of the same sign and colour) : 
King, Queen, Bishop or Rook, Knight, Cannon (always of the same 
colour), and four Pawns (of four different colours). Only in this very 
rudimentary sense can there be said to be suits in these games, viz., the 
two, or four, colours.] 



192 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 



3. Cards derived from Coins. 

vi. K'anhu("Khanhoo"). 

No. 15. A specimen of a pack as purchased at a shop, in its box 
with the wrappings unopened. 

No. 16. The game in its simplest form. (A Canton pack, plain 
black backs). There are three suits, Cash, Strings, and Myriads, each of 
9 cards, from the ace to the nine spot ; and three additional cards, 
"Redflower," " Whiteflower," and "Old Thousand." These last three 
which, under some name or other, are found in every Khanhoo pack, 
fairly correspond to our " coat " or court cards (king, queen and knave) 
except that they belong to no suit and are equal among themselves. The 
total of this pack is 3 X 9 + 3, or 30. 

No. 17. The more usual form of the game, namely the set of 30 
cards (as in No. 16) quadrupled, with certain jokers (in this case the Five 
Blessings). Plain maroon backs ; from Canton. 

No. 18. A curious pack from Peking; dull black backs. The 30 
cards simply quadrupled, without jokers. The peculiarity consists in the 
squeezer marks which differ for pips as well as for suits. 

No. 19. Also from Peking ; large cards, with green figured backs. 
The 30 cards quadrupled, with six jokers. 

No. 20. From Foochow. Short square cards, black pattern on back. 
The same number of cards as Nos. 17-19, but with only two jokers. 

No. 21. A Swatow pack, narrow grey curved cards with figured 
backs. The suit names are strings, cakes and rouleaux, and ace of 
rouleaux is represented by the card " myriad rouleaux." " Whiteflower " 
and " redflower " are as usual, but " old thousand " is replaced by a card 
bearing the character shih, " reality." There are some irregularities in the 
pack. Thus, though there are 4 each of all other cards, there are only 
three aces of cakes, and three 6's of rouleaux, while on the other hand 
there are six 7's of rouleaux. Chinese carelessness is probably to blame. 

No. 22. A very superior pack, from Canton. Black backs, rounded 
edges. The usual 120 cards (4 times 30), together with 5 jokers (the 
Blessings, in colours). 

No. 23. Precisely similar to No. 17, only far narrower. Also from 
Canton. 

No. 24. From Kiukiang. Large cards, with honeycomb pattern on 
back. The 5 jokers (the Blessings) are marked at top and bottom in red, 
by way of squeezer sign. " Redflower " is replaced by " Prince of Mao." 

No. 25. From Chungking. Similar to No. 24 ; oiled cards, plain 
red backs. No jokers. " Redflower " is replaced here by " Wang Ying.'* 
Note that one 9 of myriads has been supplied from another pack. 

[Note. — The suits here are similar to those of Europe, except that 
(1) there is no 10 spot; (2) there are no court cards; (3) the cards do 
not take one another.] 



CHINESE CARDS. 193 



vii. Chungfa. " Hit and Go." 

No. 26. Box from Ningpo. In tablet (domino) form, bone and 
blackwood. The game consists, like Khanhoo, of the ace to the 9 in 
three suits, cakes (= cash), strings, and myriads, all quadrupled. The 
places of Bedflower, Whiteflower, and Old Thousand, however, are taken 
by four each of the following cards, North, South, East, West [or, as 
the Chinese have it, East, South, West, North], Chung ["a hit"] 
and Fa [" go "]. There are, in addition, eight blanks, four only of which 
are as a rule used in play. Thus the total number of cards in a Chungfa 
pack is 4 (3 x 9 + 8) or 140, 136 of which are to be used. 

viii. Liehchih (Learchur). 

No. 27. A pack of 38 cards, black backs. There are 4 suits, tens, 
rouleaux, strings, and cash. The cards (in the four hand game) are 
arranged and rank as follows : — 

tens : " hundred sons," 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2. 

rouleaux: 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1. 

strings: 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1. 

cash: "prince of Mao," " stagnower,"* " ace of cash," 2, 3, 4, 5, 

6, 7, 8, 9. 

The figures are conventional. 

No. 28. Similar to the above. 

No. 29. Orange backs. " Prince of Mao " and " Stagflower " are 
replaced by Lin Ch'ung and Wang Ting, and " Hundred Sons" by 
" Hundred Myriads." 

These three packs are from the Hakka districts above Swatow and 
Canton. The peculiarity of the game (so unlike the general rule in 
China as to suggest a foreign origin) is that (1) there are four suits, not 
three ; (2) the cards take one another. 



4. Cards derived from some set form of Words. 

No. 30. Most, if not all, Chinese small boys commence their writing 
lesson with the following twenty-five characters : — 

± * A JL £ S it H ^ -b + ± to >b £ A X ? # f£ 

fc W & »L 4 

A vague meaning may be twisted out of this : "Of old the great 
man Confucius converted three thousand and seventy [two] disciples ; if 
you youths, eight or nine students, will becomingly practice humanity 
you will learn ceremonial." This meaning, however, such as it is, has 
nothing to do with the application of the rigmarole to playing cards in 
the Upper Valley of the Yangtse. For all practical purposes the twenty- 
five letters of the French alphabet would do equally well. No. 30 comes 
from Ichang. It consists of cards marked with one of the first twenty- 

o 



194 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

one of these characters, six of each (except one, the "becomingly," of 
which there are seven), together with three additional cards, marked 
respectively " happiness," " promotion," and " old age " (three of the Five 
Blessings). The first and every third card after it is printed in red, the 
rest are in black. The forms of the characters are conventional in the 
extreme — legible in many cases only to the initiated. In fact it was 
only prolonged search and the offer of a quite disproportionate reward 
that succeeded in deciphering them in Southern China. The cards, like 
all from the West, are made of oiled paper. 

No. 31, Similar to No. 30. There are five each of the first eighteen 
characters, of the 22nd, 23rd, and 24th, of the three characters for 
"two," "four" and "six," and of one other character, the "two" in a 
common variation of our writing lesson, " seventy -two disciples." Like 
No. 30, this pack has one suit (if such they may be called, " card " would 
be better) longer than the rest. In this case it is the character for 
" ten," of which there are six. Three red cards show two portraits and 
three plain of each [see Hwahaw\ and the same is the case with two 
black cards. 

No. 32. From Chungking. Oiled cards, red backs. Consists of 
eight each of the eight characters contained in a familiar prayer : — 

M it Sf ill *i *n m m 

That is, May you have " Long life like the southern hills, happiness as 
(the broad) east sea." There are in addition eight blanks, bringing the 
total number of cards in the pack up to 72. 

No. 33. From Chungking, similar in style to No. 32. The pack is 
made up of four each of the first ten natural numbers : (1) in their simple 
form ; (2) in their complex — much as if we were to form a pack, of which 
the cards should be respectively marked : — 

123456 7 8 9 10 

I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X 

The 2, 7, 10, II, VII, X, are printed in red, the rest in black. 

[Note. — The above four games, Nos. 30-33, are played on much the 
same principle as Keemapow — the cards do not take one another, but are 
used to form certain combinations. Consequently they cannot, strictly 
speaking, be said to belong to any suit.] 

W. H. Wilkinson, 
H. M. China Consular Service. 
Nov. 10, 1890. 



34. Pack of 119, of the domino class. Modern. 
3} x 1 in. 



SHEETS: ITALIAN. 195 



SHEETS. 

These consist mainly of impressions on paper, as printed from the 
original plates or woodblocks, previous to being cut up and mounted to 
form packs. In a few instances, in which the cards were to be used 
chiefly for purposes of instruction, they were published in sheet form. 



ITALIAN. 

1. Cards of 1613. One entire sheet and fragment of another, taken 

from the binding of an old book ; worm-eaten and otherwise 
injured. The two sheets contained 24 pieces, viz. — the four aces, 
knaves and kings of each suit and eight pip cards of the suit of 
swords, the value of each being indicated by letters and numerals 
placed at either end, as R. D. (Re Danari), F. D. (Fante Danari), 
S. 5, etc. On each ace the suitmark is held by a gryphon. The 
2 of swords bears the date 1613. 

31 x 1* in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 44.] 

2. Roman Tarots. Portions of two sheets, similar in design to the 

preceding, and having the values indicated in the same way. One 
contains the knaves of swords and clubs, the knights of coins and 
clubs, and the 2 and 3 of swords ; the other has Nos. 5, 6, 10 and 
11 of the atutti, with portions of Nos. 20 and 21. The knave of 
swords holds a shield charged with the arms of Colonna, and the 
2 of swords is inscribed " Alia Colona in Piazza Nicosia," [Rome]. 
3| x 2f in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 45.] 

3. Minchiate. Florence, 18th century. [Italian Packs, Nos. 47- 

50.] A complete unmounted set of these cards, arranged on two 
large sheets, each of which has an engraved border. 

4. Mitelli's "Giuoeo del Passa Tempo." [Italian Packs, No. 

136.] Complete set, printed on four sheets. Stained and injured. 

5. Virtues and Vices; c. 1700. [Italian Packs, No. 138.] Sheet 

containing the first 25 cards of this game. 

[S. Vol. Ill, pi. 29.] 

6. Old Testament History; by A. Visentini, 1748. [Italian Packs, 

No. 143.] Complete set on two sheets, as originally published, 
with the title "Pel Trattenimento sopra la Storia Cronologica 
Sagra e Profana." Each sheet has in the upper corners two 
ornamental cartouches, each containing an Italian distich. The 
sheets are numbered "Foglio Quarto," and "Foglio Quinto," 
showing that they form part of a series. 

o 2 



196 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 



Backs of Cards. 

7. Sheet of four repetitions of one design, a group of Venus, Adonis and 

Cupid ; attached to part of an old book-cover and much injured 
and defaced. 

8. Eight woodcuts of the 16th century, coarsely but artistically exe- 

cuted, and supposed to be decorations for card backs. Four of 
them have figures of characters in Ariosto's " Orlando Furioso," 
two represent a lady and a knight on horseback, and the remaining 
two are panels of ornament. 

5 x 3J in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 89.] 

9. Sheet of twenty various designs, coarsely executed on wood. Ten 

of them bear the word " Roma," and six others the Bolognese sign 
"AlCigno." 

SI x H in. 

10. Sheet of twenty-three various modern designs, chiefly humorous 

and fanciful figures. Coarsely executed and coloured. No in- 
scriptions. 

4x2| in. 



SPANISH. 

Cards of 1587. Fragmentary sheet of 24, viz. — the 2-9 of the 
suits clubs, cups, and coins ; faintly printed and coarsely coloured 
with stencils. On the 3 of clubs and 4 of cups are the initials 
F. T°, and the date 1587 appears on the 2 of cups. The 4 of coins 
bears a merchant's mark, the 2 has the arms of Leon and Castile, 
and on the 5 is the usual coin with two heads. 

3£ x If in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 93.] 

Cards of 1587 (?). Fragmentary sheet of 25, of the same period 
and style as the preceding. The outlines are invisible, only the 
coarse stencilled colours remaining. Ten of the subjects are 
court cards, and the remainder belong to the suits of clubs and 
swords. 

Barcelona. A. Llombart, 1822. Twenty-four of a set of Ombre 
cards, printed on one sheet and coloured, viz. — the twelve court 
cards, the four aces, the 2-7 of cups, the 4 of coins, and the 3 of 
clubs. The ace of coins is inscribed " F ca D Anton Llombart 
Barce na , 1822." Back decorated with small dotted pattern 

in red. 

?1 x 2 in. 



SHEETS: FRENCH. 197 



Malta. G. Galdes e Co. Complete set of ombre cards, and 

twelve wrappers, all printed on one sheet, uncoloured. The coin 

suitmarks are charged with comic heads. The wrappers bear 

the address of G. Galdes e Co., Valletta, Strada Vescovo No. 120." 

3| x If in. 

Eight working proofs of cards for various packs executed at Frankfort 
for the Spanish market. 



FRENCH. 

1. A. Perrocet ; early 16th century. An injured sheet of twenty court 

cards, viz. — four kings, four queens and two knaves, all repeated 
once. The knaves have a scroll inscribed " Andre Perrocet," and 
in one of them are also his initials with a covered cup. The sheet 
is uncoloured and on each card is a black spot intended as a guide 
for the insertion of the suitmark with a stencil. 

3J x 21 in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 1.] 

2. Fragmentary 16th century sheet, containing twenty cards or 

portions of cards, all of which are repetitions of two knaves 
entitled respectively Hector and Lahire. 

3| x2 in. 

3. Caen, G. D. Fragmentary sheet of four knaves, each repeated once. 

Every card has at the bottom " G. ©. Caen " and a roundel 
charged with three fleurs-de-lis. 
3i x 2 in. 

4. F. P. Sheet of thirty coloured cards for a piquet pack of 36, viz. — 

the whole of the court cards and all the pip cards except those of 
clubs. The court cards are from the later designs of Gatteaux, 
coarsely executed. The initials F. P. occur on the shield held 
by the king of clubs, and the knave bears on his breast a P. 
3J x 2 in. 

5. Houbigant's "Cartes Royales." Sheet of the twelve court 

cards representing celebrated characters in French history, viz. — • 
Crillon, Jeanne D'Albret, Henri IV, Roland, Hildegarde, Charle- 
magne, Sire de Joinville, Blanche de Castille, Saint Louis, Bayard, 
Marguerite de Valois and Francois I. Engraved in aquatint and 
coloured. Proof signed " A. G. Houbigant Del. et Sculps. 1815." 
[See French Packs, Nos. 31-33.] 
3 x 2 in. 

[These cards are fully described by Chatto (p. 257) and Merlin 
(p. 115).] 



198 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

6. Houbigant's "Cartes Royales." [French Packs, No. 32.] A 

double set of the court cards of this pack, printed on one sheet. 
Uncoloured. 

7. Fanciful; c. 1840. The suit of spades of a piquet pack, printed 

on one sheet. The court cards are figures of Satan, a masked 
lady, and Mephistopheles, and the relative value of the pip cards 
is indicated by fancy portrait heads of a satanic character. In 
lithography. Two copies, one coloured. 
3J x 2 in. 

8. Gatteaux's Empire cards, 1811. [French Packs, No. 69.] 

Double set of the court cards, printed on one sheet. Uncoloured 
impression, without the suitmarks. 

9. Gatteaux's later cards, 1813. [French Packs, No. 25.] Double 

set of the court cards, printed on one sheet. The badge held by 
Lancelot bears the date 1813. India proof, without the suit- 
marks. 

10. Gatteaux's cards, 1853. [French Packs, No. 74.] Double 

set of the court cards, printed on one sheet. Two uncoloured 
impressions, one of them a signed proof. 

11. Attkalin's cards. [French Packs, No. 95.] Sheet of twenty; 

carefully coloured. 

12. Duval's " Jeu des Princes de l'Empire d'Alemagne," 1677. 

Engraved sheet containing complete piquet set of 36. At the top 
are two cartouches containing the title and author's address, and 
explanations of the four suits. On each card is given the name 
of the ruler with a list of the chief towns of one of the princi- 
palities of the German Empire. The value is indicated by a 
suitmark enclosing a numeral and surmounted by a crown, coronet, 
or hat. The suitmarks are coloured. 
3| x 2 in. 

13. "Jeu Geographique et Mythologique " ; early 19th century. 

Engraved sheet, divided into four, containing complete piquet set 
of 32. Each card gives a succinct account of one of the chief 
countries of the world, the upper part being occupied by a minia- 
ture card of the ordinary type, flanked by mythological and 
emblematical figures on pedestals. Uncoloured. 
3| x 2£ in. 

14. N. de Fer's "Jeu des Illustres Capitaines, Philosophes, 

Orateurs, et Poetes," Paris, 1672. Engraved sheet of 52, with 
the title and rules of the game at the top. Each card has a head 
of some celebrated personage of antiquity, with an account of him. 
3J x If in. 



SHEETS: Fit EN C II. 109 



15. Silvestre's Heraldry; c. 1700. Engraved sheet of 52, with an 

extra card numbered 53, and a dedication by Silvestre to the 
Duke of Burgundy. At the top are the rules of the game and the 
title " Carte Methodique pour apprendre aisement le Blason," etc., 
and at the bottom "a Paris chez J. Mariette rue St. Jacques aux 
Colonnes d'Hercule avec privilege du Roy." 
3| x 2$ in. 

16. Daumont' s Heraldry. Re-issue of the preceding plate, dedicated 

by Daumont to the Count D'Artois. The address altered to " chez 
Daumont rue St. Martin." 

[S. Vol. II, pi. 37-40.] 

17. Military Science. G. de la Boissiere's " Jeu de la Guerre " [French 

Packs, No. 158]. Engraved sheet containing the whole of the 52 
cards with dedication by Daumont to the young Duke of Berri, 
and an extra double card, numbered 53, reproducing Antoine Dieu's 
picture of the Duke of Burgundy before Louis XIY. At the top 
of the sheet are the title and rules of the game, on the left side a 
" table alphabetique," and at the bottom " Invente et Dessine par 
Gilles de la Boissiere Ingenieur ordinaire du Roy et Grave par 
Pierre le Pautre. A Paris chez Daumont," etc. 
3| x 2} in. 

An earlier state of this plate, as issued by J. Mariette, and 
dedicated by him to the Duke of Burgundy, is in the old Museum 
collection (Willsliire, 77). 

18. Military Science. G. de la Boissiere's " Jeu des Fortifications " ; 

companion sheet to the preceding, containing 52 cards, in which are 
represented and explained the details of military fortification ; with 
an extra double card giving the ground plan of a " Place complete," 
and a dedication by Daumont " A l'lllustre Jeunesse elevee dans 
1'Ecolle Militaire." At the top of the sheets are the title and rules 
of the game, at the left side a "table alphabetique," and at the 
bottom " Invente et dessine par Gilles de la Boissiere Ingenieur du 
Roy. A Paris chez Dumont," etc. The value of each piece is 
indicated by a miniature card in upper right corner. 

[S. Vol. II, pi. 48-51.] 

An earlier state of this plate, as issued by J. Mariette, with dedica- 
tion " A l'lllustre Jeunesse eleves dans le College de Louis le Grand," 
is in the old Museum collection (Willshire, 76). 

19. Portraits of Charles of Anjou and the Emperor Frederick II, 

both kings of Naples. Two engravings elaborately coloured 
and gilt, and with a club suitmark inserted in upper right corner 
of each. 

H x 3| in. 



200 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

20. "La Barbe Bleue." Engraved sheet of sixteen cards, without 

suitmarks, illustrating the story of " Blue Beard." Uncoloured. 
3& x 2* in. 

21. "Le Chat Botte." Engraved sheet of sixteen cards, without 

suitmarks, illustrating the story of " Puss in Boots." Uncoloured. 
3i x 2J in. 

22. "lies Grands Diables des Villes et des Champs." Engraved 

sheet of twelve cards, containing fanciful subjects ; no suitmarks. 
Uncoloured. 

3J x 2 in. 



GEKMAN. 
(a.) With National Suits. 

1. Augsburg. Christian Heinrich Ioia ; 18th century. Fragmentary 

sheet containing five perfect and thirteen imperfect cards ; the 
former are the deuce, 8, 9 and 10 of leaves. Down the centre of 
the sheet is the imperfect inscription in capitals " tian Heinrich 
Ioia zu Avg." 

3f x 2f in. 

2. Augsburg. Andreas Romisch; . 16th century. "Manner und 

Weiber Vexier Karten." Two imperfect sheets, printed from the 
same block, and both containing twenty cards, but each supplying 
deficiencies in the other. The court cards are figures in the 
costume of the period, and the pip cards have fancy figures, those 
on the hearts and bells being male, and those on the leaves and 
acorns female. All the cards have German inscriptions at the 
bottom, and across the centre of the sheet is a band of letterpress 
comprising the title and verses. Coarsely coloured. 

3|x2 in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 85.] 

3. Dresden. Gottfried Timmerman; early 19th century. Engraved 

sheet containing a complete set of 36 small cards. The kings 
represent the four quarters of the globe and the aces the four 
elements. On the 8 of hearts is " Gottfr. Timmerman in Dresden '' 
with a wreath. Uncoloured. 

« 2 x U in. 

4. Frankfort a/M. H. Hauck ; early. Two fragmentary sheets con- 

taining pip cards of the suits of bells and leaves. On the 9 of bells 
is the name " Heinrich Hauck zv Franckfort." 

3 x If in. [S. Vol. U, pi. 81.] 



SHEETS: GERMAN. 201 



5. Neuburg. V. Arnold, 1819. Bavarian History. [German Packs, 

No. 30.] Three sheets containing each nine cards of this pack, 
viz., the complete suits of hearts, acorns and leaves. Explanations 
of the subjects are given on the sixes. 

3f x II in. [S. Vol. U, pi. 135-8.] 

6. Nuremberg. Hans Rumpolt; 16th century. Three fragmentary 

sheets (with a duplicate) each containing four cards or portions of 
cards identical in design with Pack No. 3 : the perfect pieces being 
the deuce of hearts, the 3 and upper knave of bells, and the deuce, 
3 and under knave of acorns. The deuce of hearts has the arms 
of Nuremberg with the distich " Wer solche Karten haben wolt, 
Der iind sie bey Hans Rumpolt," and each of the perfect cards has 
also a German distich. On the deuce of acorns is a lion supporting 
a shield charged with a merchant's mark, with a scroll above 
bearing the letters C. D. B. 

Sh x 2J in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 84.] 

7. Nuremberg. Hans Rumpolt; 16th century. Fragmentary sheet, 

similar in style to the preceding, containing portions of four cards, 
one of which (the ace of hearts) has the arms of Nuremberg, with 
the name " Hans Rumpolt." 

[S. Vol. II, pi. 84.] 

8. [Nuremberg.] Hans Rumpolt (?) ; 16th century. Fragmentary 

sheet, similar to the preceding and probably by the same maker, 
but without the verses. It contains the 5 of hearts and 7 of bells 
and portions of the 4 of hearts and 6 of bells. On the 5 of hearts 
is a group of men fighting. 

[S. Vol. II, pi. 84.] 

9. [Nuremberg]; 16th century. Fragmentary sheet, similar in 

character to No. 2. It contains six cards, viz., the 4, 6 and 8 of 
bells, and the 3, 6 and 8 of hearts, each piece having a military 
figure in lower part with four lines of German text below. Those 
under the 8 of bells begin " Du bist ein fauler Eselskopff," etc. 

3J x 2i in. 

10. Nuremberg. Conrad Jegel; late 18th century. Engraved sheet 

containing 18 cards identical in design with Pack No. 35, viz. — 
the twelve court cards, the four deuces and the tens of acorns and 
leaves. The shield held by the king of hearts bears JegeFs trade 
mark, and the altar in the deuce of acorns is inscribed " Fabrique 
in Nurnberg." Uncoloured. 

3f x 2 in. 



202 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

11. Nuremberg. Conrad Jegel; late 18th century. Engraved sheet, 

very crudely executed, containing 12 cards, viz., the 6, 8 and 9 of 
acorns and leaves, and the 7, 8 and 10 of bells and hearts. On the 
8 of leaves is a tablet inscribed " Conrad Jegel." Uncoloured. 
3J x 2 in. 

12. Passau. F. Hofruann; 1770. Two sheets containing a complete 

set of 48, one having on the central dividing line the words " Zv 
finden bey Franz Hofman pvrger in Passav 1770." The deuce of 
acorns has a lion supporting a shield and on that of hearts is a 
cartouche inscribed "Zv finden in der stat Passav." Backs 
decorated with a diagonal pattern of roses, in black. 

2f x 2 in. [S. Vol. IT, pi. 90 and 91.] 

13. Passau. M. Schatzberger ; late 18th century. Two engraved 

sheets containing a complete set of 36 of the Bavarian type. On 
the 7 of leaves is a cartouche inscribed " Fabricirt in Passau," and 
on the 8 a tablet lettered " Feine deutsche Karten von Michael 
Schatzberger." The king of acorns has a shield bearing the 
maker's mark. Coloured. 

3| x 2 in. 

14. Passau. M. Schatzberger. Two engraved sheets (in duplicate) 

containing a complete set of 36, similar in style to the preceding, 
but with different designs. A tablet on the 10 of bells is inscribed 
" Feine deutsche Kupferkarten von Michael Schatzberger biirgl. 
Kartenmahler in Passau," and the kings of hearts and acorns 
support shields, one charged with the maker's mark, the other with 
the Bavarian lion. Coloured. Backs of one pair mottled purple. 
3| x 2J in. 

15. Passau. M. Schatzberger. Two sheets (one coloured), containing 

a complete set of 36, similar in style to the preceding. On the 7 
of leaves is a cartouche inscribed " In Passau," and on the 8 a 
tablet lettered " Fabricirt von Michael Schatzberger." The king 
of acorns has a shield charged with the maker's mark. The 
coloured sheet has the back decorated with pattern of diagonal red 
and blue lines. 

3| x 2 in. 

16. Passau. M. Schatzberger. A sheet containing half of a set of 

36, similar in style to the preceding, viz. — the twelve court cards, 
the four deuces, the 10 of leaves and the 7 of hearts. The throne 
of the king of hearts bears the maker's mark. Uncoloured. Backs 
decorated with diagonal pattern of fleurs-de-lis. 
31x2 in. 



SHEETS: GERMAN. 203 



17. Stralsund. L. v. d. Osten; early 19th century. Sheet containing 

half of a set of 36, viz. — the suits of hearts and bells : the designs 
identical with those in Pack No. 86, but not double-ended. On 
the ace of hearts is an oval tablet inscribed " v. d. O. Stralsund." 
Uncoloured. 

3| x 2 in. 

18. Ulm. Carl Briiderle; 19th century. Sheet of 12 cards for a pack 

of 36, viz. — the 6, 8 and 9 of each of the four suits. The 8 of 
hearts has a figure of a warrior holding a shield inscribed " Carl 
Briiderle Neu — Ulm. M. E." Coarsely executed on wood. Un- 
coloured. 

3£ x If in. 

19. Vienna. Hans Forster, 1565. Fragmentary and much defaced 

sheet containing 32 cards or portions of cards belonging to all the 
four suits, with the maker's name down the centre " Hans Forster 

Kartenmaller zu " The deuces and some of the other cards 

have natural history subjects. On the 4 of hearts are the arms of 
Vienna and on the 3 of bells is the date 1565. Uncoloured. 

3 x 2 in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 83.] 

20. Vienna. Hans Bock, 1583. Fragmentary sheet of 18 court cards 

and aces (some of which are repeated) with the maker's name down 
the centre " . . . . ck zu Wien 1583." The kings and upper knaves 
are on horseback ; in the aces the suitmark is charged upon a 
banner. Uncoloured. (See Bierdimpfl, p. 71.) 

3 x If in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 86.] 

21. Vienna; 16th century. Two fragments of a sheet similar in the 

designs to the preceding, much worm-eaten ; found in the old cover 
of the lectern Bible in Exeter Cathedral. They contain 32 court 
cards and aces and a central inscription which is much mutilated, 
" Christof ...... acher zu Wien." Backs decorated with a diagonal 

pattern of roses. Uncoloured. 
3 x If in. 

22. Vienna; late 16th century. Sheet containing nine cards, the 

three uppermost of which are imperfect. All belong to the suits 
of hearts and bells, the perfect ones being the deuce of bells and the 
3, 4, 6, 7 and 8 of hearts. On the deuce of bells is represented an 
animal flogging a man, and on the 4 of hearts a cupid holding two 
shields charged with the arms of Vienna. Uncoloured. 
3f x 2| in. 

23. Vienna (?). W. F. Hus, 1634. Fragmentary sheet of 20, 

coarsely executed and coloured, viz. — the 7, two knaves and king 
of hearts; the deuce, one knave and king of bells; the 5, two 



204 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

knaves and king of leaves ; and the deuce, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, one 
knave, and king of acorns. The deuce of bells has a shield charged 
with the imperial eagle, and that of acorns a lion supporting a 
shield bearing the maker's mark, with a scroll inscribed " Willem 
Felix Hus " (?). On the 7 of hearts is the date. 

21 x 1| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 89.] 

24. Weinsheim. J. Kieling ; modern. " Vexirkarten." Two sheets 

containing the court cards, aces and tens of a diagonal pack with 
humorous designs. On all the aces is a tablet inscribed " Feine 
Yexirkarten Jean Kieling in Weinsheim b/Worms a/Rhein." 
3£ x 2£ in. 

25. Place of issue uncertain ; 16th century. Fourteen fragments of 

a sheet of artistically designed cards, chiefly kings on horseback and 
knaves. Uncoloured. 

[S. Vol. II, pi. 82.] 

26. Place of issue uncertain; 16th century. Fragmentary sheet of 

eight cards similar in style to the preceding, and perhaps part of 
the same set. They are the 3, 4, 5 and 6 of leaves, and the 4, 5, 8 
and 9 of acorns. Birds and quadrupeds occupy the lower part of 
most of the cards. 

3 x 2 in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 82.]. 

27. Place of issue uncertain; 16th century. Five fragments of a 

sheet including a 9 of hearts, a 9 of leaves and an ace of leaves ; 
the last is a banner charged with a suitmark. 

28. Place of issue uncertain; 16th century. Fragment of a sheet 

containing a king and a knave of acorns and two other knaves. 

[S. Vol. II, pi. 81.] 

29. Place of issue uncertain; 17th century. Fragment of a sheet 

consisting of a king of bells and a portion of a knave. 

[S. Vol. II, pi. 81.] 

30. Place of issue uncertain; 16th century. Two much defaced 

fragments, consisting chiefly of the suits of hearts and leaves, with 
four court cards amongst them. 

31. Place of issue uncertain ; 16th century (?). Two fragmentary 

sheets containing twenty-four cards, viz. — the 2-10, two knaves and 
king of hearts; two knaves and king of bells, leaves and acorns, 
and 3, 6 and 10 of acorns. The kings are seated on thrones, and 
on the 4 of hearts is a coat-of-arms which is perhaps intended for 
that of Strasburg. Uncoloured. 

3| x 2\ in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 87.] 



SHEETS: GERMAN. 205 



32. Place of issue uncertain; 17th century. Coarsely executed 

sheet of nine court cards and aces, viz. — the king of hearts, the ace 
and one knave of bells and acorns, and the deuce, two knaves and 
king of leaves. The aces of bells and acorns are flags charged with 
the suitmark, and the deuce of leaves has a blank shield. 

3| x 2i in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 88.] 

33. Place of issue uncertain; 16th century. Fragmentary sheet 

containing nine cards or portions of cards, coarsely executed and 
coloured. The perfect cards are the 6 and 10 of hearts, the 7 of 
leaves and the 7 of acorns. All have fancy subjects in the lower 
part, a stag drawing a sledge, a monkey riding a dog, etc. 

3| x 2* in. 

34. Place of issue uncertain ; early. Portion of a sheet, coarsely 

executed, containing four cards, the 4, 5, 7 and 8 of bells. 

3x2 in. 

35. Place of issue uncertain; modern. Two sheets, executed on 

wood, one containing the suit of acorns, the other that of leaves of 
a pack of 36. The knaves are figures in national costumes and on 
the pip cards are humorous and fancy subjects. The deuce of 
acorns has a coat-of-arms and that of leaves a man fighting with a 
lion. Uncoloured. 

4 x 2 in. 

36. Place of issue uncertain ; modern. Two sheets containing a 

complete set of 36, with repetitions of the sixes, eights and nines. 
The deuces have cartouches charged with emblematical trophies, 
and the other pip cards have humorous and fancy subjects. Un- 
coloured. 

3|- x 2 in. 

37. Place of issue uncertain; modern. Sheet containing the sixes, 

eights and nines (with repetitions) of a pack of 36, somewhat similar 
to the last. Uncoloured. 

3| x 1J in. 

38. Place of issue uncertain ; modern. Theatrical. Sheet containing 

the court cards and deuces, with a 7 and 10 of hearts, of a pack 
in which the figures on the court cards are theatrical characters, 
William Tell, Wallenstein, etc. Coloured. 

3f x 2 in. 



206 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 



(&.) With fancy German Suits. 

39. Frankfort. H. Hauck, 1585. Two fragmentary sheets containing 

each fifteen cards or portions of cards of the suits bells, acorns, 
birds and flowers. The 3 of flowers has the initials H. H. and a 
shield charged with two hooks in saltire over a heart : the deuce 
has the name Heinrich Hauck, and the ace has the date. 
Uncoloured. 

[S. Yol. II, pi. 81.] 

40. Eleven early sheets or portions of sheets, executed on wood, con- 

taining 71 cards which belong to as many as sixteen different 
suits, including thistles, grapes, bagpipes, fishes, crowns, shields, 
roses, helmets, frogs and strawberries. [For detailed description 
see Lady C. Sehreiber's " Playing Cards," vol. ii, p. 11.] 

41. Two fragmentary 16th century sheets (one in duplicate) well 

engraved on wood in the manner of Beham, each containing 
two perfect and two imperfect cards of the suits roses, birds and 
bells, viz. — the 5, 6 and 7 of roses, the 2, 7, 10 and knave of 
birds, and knave of bells. The knave of bells is playing guitar, 
and that of birds wears a fool's cap and carries a harp. 

3| x 2£ in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 83.] 



(c.) With Italian Suits. 

42. A curious and (so far as is known) unique plate, containing eight 
cards (2-9) of the suit of cups, engraved on copper by an unknown 
master of the fifteenth century. The suitmarks, which are all 
covered chalices remarkable for their variety and richness of 
design, no two being alike, are accompanied by children, who 
disport themselves in a variety of ways, several being engaged in 
boring holes in the chalices to let out the liquid. Acquired at a 
sale at Stuttgart, 11 April 1893. 

In the opinion of Dr. Max Lehrs, the chief living authority on 
Early German Prints, this plate is probably the work of the 
Master of the Banderoles, an artist who is supposed to have 
worked on the Lower Bhine about 1470. The general character of 
the designs suggests Italian inspiration, and this may account for 
the use of Italian suitmarks. 

^ X 2| in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 94.] 



SHEETS: GERMAN. 207 



(d.) With French Suits. 

43. Frankfort a/M. F. J. Eberhardt ; c. 1780. Engraved sheet, of crude 

execution, containing twelve court cards. The queens are ladies 
in the costume of the period and the knaves agricultural labourers. 
On one of the latter is the word " bei," on another " Friedrich 
Jacob Eberhardt," and on a third " in Franckfurt am Mayn zu 
haben ; " the fourth supports a shield charged with an eagle. 
Uncoloured and without the suitmarks. 

44. [Frankfort a/M] ; modern. A collection of working proofs of cards 

of the class issued at Frankfort, in which the aces are occupied by 
topographical or historical subjects (see German Packs, Nos. 198-203 
and 222-232), viz.— 

(1.) Yiews of Hamburg; the four aces, with address of H. Riibcke; 
uncoloured. 

(2.) Views on the Rhine (Bingen, Lurlei, etc.) ; the four aces ; 
coloured. 

(3.) Views on the Rhine (Frankfort, Wiesbaden, etc.) ; the four aces ; 
coloured. 

(4.) Views of Italian cities (Verona, Mantua, etc.) ; the four aces 
and twelve court cards ; coloured. 

(5.) Views of Italian cities (Naples, Turin, etc.) ; the four aces and 
twelve court cards ; coloured. 

(6.) Battles in Italy, 1859 ; the four aces and twelve court cards ; 
coloured. 

(7.) Battles in Mexico, 1847 ; the four aces and twelve court cards, 
the kings being portraits of American generals; coloured 
(see German Packs, No. 203). 

(8.) Views of Rio de Janeiro ; the four aces and twelve court cards ; 
coloured. With another proof of the aces, in which the 
suitmarks are varied. 

(9.) Views in the vicinity of Rio de Janeiro; the four aces and 
twelve court cards, the latter illustrating the costumes of 
South America ; coloured. With an uncoloured proof of the 
aces (see German Packs, No. 222). 

(10.) Views on the River Hudson, U.S.A. ; the four aces ; coloured. 

(11.) War in South America, 1866; the four aces and twelve court 
cards, the latter being portraits of the Portuguese and 
Brazilian royal family and generals ; coloured. 



208 CATALOGUE OF CARD 8. 

(12.) Views of Switzerland (St, Bernhard, Lausanne, etc.); the four 
aces; coloured. 

(13.) Yiews of Switzerland (Neuchatel, Rigi Staffel, etc.); the four 
aces and twelve court cards ; the latter illustrating the 
costumes of the different cantons ; coloured. 

(14.) Victories of Napoleon I ; the four aces ; coloured (see German 
Packs, No. 227). 

(15.) Schiller the poet. Views of places associated with him ; the four 
aces; uncoloured. 

45. Graz. A. Grosheim ; modern. Engraved sheet containing the 

court cards, aces and fool of a double-ended tarok pack. The 
shields held by one of the knaves are inscribed " Fabricirt in 
Graz bie Alexander Grosheim." Uncoloured and without the suit- 
marks. 

4 x 2 in. 

46. Nuremberg. J. J. Forster. Sheet of twelve court cards of the 

conventional type. Two of the knaves have scrolls inscribed 
respectively " Joh Jobst " and "Forster." Printed in blue ink. 
Uncoloured and without the suitmarks. 

47. Passau. F. Hofmann ; 18th century. Sheet containing a com- 

plete set of 52 small double-ended cards of the Bavarian type. 
One of the flags held by the knave of hearts bears the initials 
F. H., the other the words " In Pasau." Coloured. 
li x If in. 

48. Passau. M. Schatzberger ; early 19th century. Complete set of 52, 

of the Bavarian type, double-ended; on three sheets, the court 
cards being printed from a copper plate, the rest executed with 
stencils. The knave of hearts holds a shield inscribed " Von 
Michael Schatzberger, Karten Fabric in Passau." Backs decorated 
with a small pattern in blue. 
3f x 2 in. 

49. Views of Hamburg. Two engraved sheets containing the 2-9 of 

each of the four suits, all decorated with vignettes of buildings, 
in Hamburg. 

50. Collection of twenty working proofs of court cards for modern packs. 

of various styles and sizes ; without inscriptions. 



51. Geography ; c. 1670. Complete set of copies from the pack of 52> 
first published in France (see French Packs, No. 123), printed on 
five sheets. On the first sheet are eight additional cards of which 



SHEETS: GERMAN. 209 



four are occupied by maps of the 4 continents, and 2 by a 
" Yorbericht " ; the remaining two form the frontispiece and 
title : — " Tabulae Geographies. Die Geographia oder Erd Beschrei- 
bung in ein Carten Spiel von LII Blaetter .... ins Teutsche 
vorgestellet. Augspurg. Bey Joh. Stridbeck Jr." 

3± x If in. [S. Vol. II, pi. 8.] 

52. Heraldry; c. 1700. Engraved sheet, copied exactly from that 

published by Silvestre in Paris (see French Sheets, No. 15). The 
inscriptions in the upper part are the same but given in German 
as well as French, and the dedication is addressed " au Lecteur " 
in both languages. The plate is signed " Philipp Ernst Kieni fee. 
Augspurg." 

3£ x 2& in. 

53. Calligraphy; 1769. Complete set of 52, with two title cards, 

engraved on seven plates. All have military figures executed in 
calligraphic flourishes, and on the first 25 are also letters of the 
alphabet written in various styles, while the second 25 have words 
written in the same way. One of the titles runs " Dieses 
Franzosisches Charten-Spiel oder Vorschrifft ist zu haben u. zu 
finden beij Johafi Christoph Albrecht, Schon- und Kunstschreiber 
in Nurnberg 1769." 

4 x 2| in. [8. Vol. II, pi. 114-116.] 



(e.) Without Suits. 

54. For the Vogelspiel. M. Schatzberger, Passau. [German Packs, 

No. 325.] Sheet containing the twenty picture cards. of this pack. 
Uncoloured. Backs decorated with a floral pattern in blue. 

55. Emperors of Germany; modern. Sheet of 52 portraits of 

Emperors of Germany from Charlemagne to Francis II ; executed 
on wood. 



(/.) Backs of Cards. 

56. Sheet of six, all alike, with group of Apollo and two muses, and 

the name " Hanns Wisinger." 

[S. Vol. II, pi. 88.] 

57. Sheet of sixteen, all alike, having a standing figure of a king ; very 

coarsely executed. Uncoloured. 

58. Fragmentary sheet of nine, all alike, having a standing figure of an 

oriental monarch. Coloured. 

59. Thirteen sheets and fragments of sheets of floral decoration ; 

16th to 18th centuries. 



210 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 



SWISS. 

Early Basle Cards. Two sheets and a fragment of a third, taken 
from the binding of an old book ; all printed from the same block, 
but each giving portions wanting in the others. The suitmarks 
are shields, bells, acorns and flowers, and the cards form a pack of 
48, the tens being omitted. 

2| x U in. [S. Vol. Ill, pi. 213.] 



DUTCH. 

1. Heraldry; c. 1675. Set of 52, neatly engraved on 26 plates, giving 

the arms of the various states of Europe ; copied from the pack 
published by De Brianville in France (see French Packs, Nos. 
129-133), the heraldic descriptions being omitted. The papal arms 
are those of Clement X, and the arms of Poland and Brunswick 
are altered. The plates are stitched into a cover with engraved 
title : " Seer aardig en net Wapen Boeck, Waar in te vinden zyn 
de Wapenen van alle de Koningen, Hertogen, Princen, Yorsten, 
en Landen van Europa ; samen gesteld tot gebruyk van een 
Kaart-spiel. Tot Amsterdam by Gerard Yalk." 
3| x 2 in. 

2. Military; Science. "Das Kriegs-Spiel." Engraved sheet, copied 

from G. de la Boissiere's " Jeu de la Guerre " (see French Sheets, 
No. 17), with German inscriptions. The publisher's address takes 
the place of the dedication, " Im Yerlag und zu finden bey Peter 
Schencken in Amsterdam." 
3| x 2 in. 

3. Military Science. " Das Festung Baues Spiel." Engraved sheet, 

copied from G. de la Boissiere's "Jeu des Fortifications "(see 
French Sheets, No. 18). Companion sheet to the preceding, with 
same address. Printed in red ink. 

4. Dutch costumes ; modern. The twelve court cards of a double- 

ended pack, the kings being portraits of the early Princes of Orange, 
and the rest men and women in national costumes. The king of 
clubs bears the artist's name " Gustav Lenssen." Made in Germany 
for the Dutch market. 

3i x 2 in. 



SHEETS: UNCERTAIN. 211 



DANISH. 

1. Copenhagen. R. Beber ; modern. Sheet containing twenty, for a 
diagonal pack having humorous designs of animals acting as men 
and women. The ace of diamonds bears the name " Richard 
Beber, Kjobenhavn." 
3J x 2-J in. 

ENGLISH. 

1. Impeachment of Dr. Saeheverell. [English Packs, No. 65.] 

Sheet containing the 26 cards of the suits of hearts and diamonds. 

2. CowelFs Transformation Cards. Five etched sheets containing 

a complete set of 52 humorous cards similar in treatment to Pack 
No. 72 ; many of the designs are identically the same, but others 
quite different, and most of the latter are signed I. L. S. Co well. 
The sheets are accompanied by an etched wrapper bearing the 
royal arms, with the title " Metastasis. Transformation of Playing 
Cards," and " Designed and Etched by I. L. S. Cowell." 
3^ x 2| in. 

3. Transformations. Two etched sheets containing 32 cards, similar 

in character to the preceding. The king of hearts is George IY, 
to whom a cupid offers a basket full of hearts. 
3| x 2± in. 

4. Transformations. Two etched sheets containing 20 cards, similar 

in characters to Nos. 2 and 3. The 6 of spades is " The Celebrated 
Signior Pietro Francesco Josepho Andrea Balanca," etc. Pub. 1808 
by " S. W. Fores, No. 50 Piccadilly." 

5. Miniature Cards. Set of 100, with architectural, natural history 

and other subjects, on one plate, printed on satin. With another 
impression in red ink, printed also on satin. 



UNCERTAIN. 

1. H. H., 16th century. Fragmentary sheet (in two portions) containing 
ten cards, all repetitions of the knave of hearts and knave of 
diamonds. These bear the names " Capitaine Felix " and " Siprich 
Romam " (I Scipio), and are signed with the monogram HI in a 
shield. Coloured. 

31 X 2± in. [S. Vol. I, pi. 139.] 

p 2 



212 CATALOGUE OF CABDS. 

2. Fragmentary and much injured sheet containing six court cards, 

with repetitions, coarsely executed on wood; without suitmarks 
and uncoloured. They bear the names Helene, Cecar, Siprinrom, 
Lucrece, Carl and Capit. Mel v. 

3 x If in. 

3. Domino Cards. Sheet of 21, double-ended ; the pips being circles 

with human faces in landscapes, executed on wood. Uncoloured. 
3 x If in. 



CARD WRAPPERS. 

1. London. J. Bennet; c. 1720. A prettily engraved wrapper, 

having a portrait of Queen Anne, with the address " John Bennet 
at the Knave of Clubs in Great Brook Street near Hannover 
Square, London ; " it bears also the cipher of King George and 
the words " If sold unlabelled X Pounds penalty." Proof, printed 
in brown ink. 

[S. Vol. Ill, pi. 148.] 

2. London. Hall and Bancks; c. 1820. Large wrapper made to 

contain, probably, three packs of the Great Mogul cards. It has 
an engraved portrait of the Great Mogul and the address " Hall 
& Bancks, Card Makers to their Majesties, their R.H. the 
Princesses, Duke and Duchess of Gloucester and Prince Leopold, 
JSTo. 15 Piccadilly, London." 

[S. Vol. Ill, pi. 148.] 

3. Engraved portrait of Henry VIII within a laurel frame, with 

clipped address below "Principall Super Fine Cards made by . . ." 

[S. Vol. Ill, pi. 148.] 

4. Paris. B. P. Grimaud & Chartier; 1 9th century. Wrapper for 

" Cartes a Jouer, Extra Superfines, Unies Glacees ; " with band 
bearing the duty stamp " Contrib " 8 Indireetes." 

5. Paris ; c. 1810. Wrapper bearing the device " Au trois Pigeons " 

and the mutilated address "Fabrique de J. J. D. . . Rue de 
Stokis No. 188 ; " with band on which is the duty stamp of the 
First Empire. 

6. Paris ; 1773. Two models of " bandes de controle " printed in black 

and red on the back of an official " avis au Public," dated 1773. 

[S. Vol. Ill, pi. 149.] 



MISCELLANEA. 213 



7. Rouen. E. De l'Epine ; 18th century. Wrapper coarsely executed 

on wood, having the maker's device supported by figures of 
"Jeunese" and " Riehese," with the address "Cartes tres fines 
de Edme Delepine dem*. au bas de le Rue des Relies Femmes a 
Rouen." 

[S. Vol. Ill, pi. 149.] 

8. Brussels ; modern. " Cartes Royales." Wrapper bearing the 

royal arms of Relgium, printed in blue, with band on which is the 
duty stamp. 

9. Strasburg. G. Pfliiger; modern. " Cartes demi-fines de la 

Fabrique de G. Pfliiger a Strasbourg." Green paper. 

10. Madrid. Humanes y C a ; modern. "Fabrica de Naipes de 
Humanes y Cohpania, Calle de Santo Tomas No. 4, Madrid." 



WOOD BLOCKS. 

1. Twenty-seven original blocks, 18 of them for printing cards belonging 

to German, French, Italian, Spanish and Swiss packs, and 9 for 
Italian card-backs. 

2. Thirty -two impressions recently taken from the above blocks. 

3. Eighty-seven impressions from blocks in other collections ; 76 being 

for cards, 4 for card-backs, and 7 for wrappers. The last mentioned 
belong to packs published at Anecy and Chambery. 



MISCELLANEA. 

A collection of ninety-two modern copies and reproductions of old 
cards, mainly book illustrations, and including plates to Breitkopf r s 
" Ur sprung der Spielkarten," Laeroix's " Le Moyen Age et la 
Renaissance," Merlin's " Origine des Cartes a Jouer," Gentleman's 
Magazine, 1849 ; AckermamVs Repository of Arts, etc. 

Medleys in which playing cards are introduced. Seven English 
examples engraved by Sturt, Bickham, etc., and twenty German 
and Dutch, executed in water colours. 



214 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

3. Miscellaneous collection of 47 printa. illustrating the subject of card- 

playing, t 

4. Ten Christmas cards and menus in which cards and card-playing are 

introduced. 

5. Advertisements and newspaper cuttings. 



BOOKS KELATING TO CARDS AND 
CARD PLAYING. 

"Academie Universelle des Jeux"; nouvelle edition. Lyon, 1805, 
3 vols. 

Amman, Jost. " Kartenspielbuch. Charta Lusoria." Vol. 2 of" Lieb- 
haber-Bibliothek Alter Illustratoren in Facsimile-reproduction " ; 
Munchen, 1880. 

" Aphorismen iiber den Kuss" ; Leipzig, 1808. 

Aquarius. "Italian Games at Cards" ; London, 1890. 

Aquarius. " Spanish Games at Cards " ; London, 1890. 

Bleich, Georg Heinrich. "Abdriicke eines vollstandigen Kartenspieles 
auf Silberplatten gestochen von G. H. B. Herausgegeben von Rath 
Dr. Carl Forster," Munchen, 1881. Set of 36 plates in a portfolio. 

Bettinelli, Saverio. " II Giuoco delle Carte, Poemetto dell 1 Abate S. B." ; 
Cremona, 1774. 

Bierdimpfl, K. A. " Die Sammlung der Spielkarten des baierischen 
Nationalmuseums," Munchen, 1884. 

Bierdimpfl, K. A. The Collection of Playing Cards in the Bavarian 
National Museum. MS. translation of part of the preceding work. 

Boiteau d'Ambly, P. "Les Cartes a Jcuer et la Cartomancie " ; 
Paris, 1854. 

Brunet y Bellet, Joseph. " Lo Joch de Naibs, Naips o Cartas " ; 
Barcelona, 1886. 

Brunetti, Francesco Saverio. " Giuochi delle Minchiate, Ombre, Scacchi, 
ed altri d J ingegno " ; Roma, 1747. 

Bullet, Jean Baptiste. " Recherches Historiques sur les Cartes a Jouer," 
Lyon, 1757. 



BOOKS RELATING TO CARDS AND CARD PLAYING. 215 

"Card Playing and Tricks with Cards"; pub. by E. Smith & Co., 
London. 

Cartaginese (II). See Galasso. 

Cavendish. " Card Essays, Clay's Decisions, and Card-Table Talk"; 
London, 1879. 

Chatto, William Andrew. " Facts and Speculations on the Origin and 
History of Playing Cards"; London, 1848. 

Cicognara, Leopoldo. " Memorie spettanti alia Storia della Calcografia " ; 
Prato, 1831. 

On low, George. " The Origin and Manufacture of Playing Cards " ; a 
paper read before the Society of Arts on May 8, 1889. 

Correr Museum, Venice. " Guida del Museo Civico e Raecolta Correr di 
Venezia"; Venezia, 1885. 

Culin, Stewart. "Chinese Games with Dice"; Philadelphia, 1889. 

Diiben, C. G. F. von. " Talisman des Gliicks oder der Selbstlehrer fur 
alle Karten- Schach- Billard-Ball und Kegel-Spiele " ; Berlin, 1816. 

Edinburgh. Heraldic Exhibition, 1891 ; Memorial Catalogue, Edin- 
burgh, 1892. 

Fine, C. Oronce (Brianville). " Wapen-Karten oder Herolds-Spiel," etc. ; 
Hamburg, 1695. 

Foubert, Thomas. " The Litterary Cards, being a new Invention to learn 
to Read," etc. ; London, 1758. 

Franks, A. W., C.B. Account of two packs of cards in the British 
Museum, illustrating the Meal Tub Plot and the South Sea Bubble. 
[Reprinted from the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, 
Feb. 25, 1892.] 

Frazer, William. " Description of a series of Playing Cards relating to 
the political history of Rev. Dr. Sacheverell," and " Description of a 
Shale Chark." Two papers read before the Royal Irish Academy, 
Dec. 8, 1884, and Feb. 15, 1885. 

Galasso, Orazio. " Giuochi di Carte bellissimi di Regola e di Memoria e 
con secreti particolari. Composti e dati in luce per il Cartaginese, 
1597." 

Ghisi, Andrea. " II Laberinto " ; Venice, 1607. 

Ghisi, Andrea. The same work ; later edition; 1616. 

Gibbs, Henry H. " The Game of Ombre." Privately printed, 1878. 



216 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

" Giuocatore in Conversazione, che da' Precetti sul Tarocco, all' Ombre, al 
Tressette," etc. ; Milano. 

" Trattato Teorico-Pratico dei Giuochi Tressette, Slcarte, Mercante in 
Fiera e Giacchetto"; Macerata, 1832. 

Goldsmid, Edmund, F.R.H.S. " Explanatory Notes of a pack of 
Cavalier Playing Cards temp. Charles II, forming a complete politi- 
cal satire of the Commonwealth"; Edinburgh, 1886. 

Grasse, J. G. T. " Notice Bibliographique sur les Cartes a Jouer " ; 
translated from the German; Paris, 1842. 

Gutekunst, H. G. Catalogue of sale of prints at Stuttgart on 1 1 April, 
1893. 

Hofmeister, Adolf. "Eyn loszbuch ausz der karten gemacht. Photo- 
lithographische Reproduction des einzigen bekannten Exemplars," 
etc.; Rostock, 1890. 

" Le Jeu de l'Hombre, augments des Decisions nouvelles sur les Difficultez 
et Incidens de ce Jeu " ; Paris, 1709. 

Horr, Norton T. " A Bibliography of Card-Games and of the History of 
Playing Cards ;" Cleveland, O., 1892. 

Horvitz, A. S. " Das konigliche l'Hombre oder griindliche Anleitung, 
das rHombre-Spiel," etc.; Hamburg, 1851. 

"Jeu de Cartes de l'Estat, oder Staats-Karten-Spiel im Jahr 1689"; a 
political satire, 8 pages, 4to. 

Joseph, van de H. Barbara, Carmelite. " Het Geestelyck Kaert-Spel 
met Herten Troef," etc. ; Antwerp, 1666. 

"Nieuwe Beschrijving des meest gebruikelijke Kaartspelen," etc.; 
Amsterdam, 2 vols., the first belonging to the edition of 1836, the 
second to that of 1828. 

Koebel, Jacob. " Eyn Neiiwe Gedicht wie die Lantbescheisser Zwyccker, 
Orenberssers Bleer, Meinster, Heyligman und Storck," etc. ; with 
woodcuts of cards and card-playing; c. 1520. 

Koebel, Jacob. The same work ; set of tracings, mounted in a volume. 

Larson, Yalentinus. " Hoher Adlers-Flug nach dem Marck des Ceder- 
baums," etc.; Vienna, 1707. 

Leber, C. "Catalogue des Livres Imprimes, Manuscrits, Estampes, 
Dessins et Cartes a Jouer, composant la Bibliotheque de M. C. L." ; 
Paris, 1839-52 ; 4 vols. 

Leber, C. "Testament Litteraire de M. C. L., suivi d'un description 
sommaire des Livres et Objets d'Art les plus remarquables de son 
Cabinet ;"i Paris, 1860. 



BOOKS DELATING TO CARDS AND CARD PLAYING. 217 

Lehrs, Max. " Die Aeltesten Deutschen Spielkarten des Koniglichen 
Kupferstiehkabinet zu Dresden," with 28 plates ; Dresden. 

Leipzig. "Zwangloser Fuhrer durch Leipzig. Nebst einer Karte. 
Carneval 1874." 

Lemcke, Ernst Eduard. " An illustrated Grammar of Skat the German 
Game of Cards," etc., 2nd ed., London, 1887. 

" Das Zeit-kurzende Lust und Spiel Hauss, in welehen der Curiose 
Kunstler in etlichen Ziniern allerhand rare Kunste und Spiele 
vorstellt .... Auff Befehl einer Hohen Person gedrucket. Zu 
Kunstburg in diesem Jahr." 

Maignen, Edmond. " Recherches sur les Cartiers et les Cartes a Jouer a 
Grenoble"; Grenoble, 1887. 

Marcolini, Francesco. " Le Ingeniose Sorti composte per Francesco 
Marcolini da Forli intitulate Giardino di Pensieri"; Venice, 1550. 

Marcolini, Francesco. " Giardino dei Pensieri " ; reprint of the pre- 
ceding, 1784. 

Mery. u L'Arbitre des Jeux, accompagne de Poemes Historiques " ; 
Paris, 1847. 

Murner, Thomas. " Logica Memorativa. Chartiludium Logicse," etc. ; 
Strasburg, 1509. [S. Yol. Ill, pis. 121-127.] 

Murner, Thomas. Same work; ed. of 1629, with woodcuts designed 
by C. de Passe. 

Murr, C. G. von. "Journal zur Kunstgeschichte und zur allgemeinen 
Litteratur," part 2 ; Niirnberg, 1776. 

" Musee Neuchatelois ; Recueil d'Histoire Nationale et d'Archeologie " ; 
parts for July and August, 1890, containing articles by A. Godet. 

Nuremberg ; Germanic Museum. " Katalog der im germanischen 
Museum befindlichen Kartenspiele und Spielkarten " ; Niirnberg, 
1886. 

Pagani, Gentile. " Alcune Kotizie sulle Carte da Giuoco a Milano nel 
Secoli scorsi " ; Milano, 1881. 

Papus. "The Tarot of the Bohemians"; London, 1892. 

Pettigrew, T. J., F.R.S* " On the Origin and Antiquity of Playing Cards, 
and Description of a Pack of the time of the Commonwealth," etc. 
[Reprinted from "Journal of the British Archaeological Associa- 
tion," 1854.] 



218 CATALOGUE OF CARDS. 

Pottier, Andre. "Sur une ancienne Forme a imprimer des Cartes a 
Jouer donnee a la Bibliotheque de Rouen par M. Alfred Darcel." 
[Reprinted from "Revue de Rouen et de la Normandie," June, 
1846.] 

"Recueii d'Edits, Declarations, Arrets et autres Pieces concernant la 
Regie du Droit sur les Cartes"; Paris, 1771. 

A collection similar to the preceding, dating from 1687 to 1731 ; 
unbound. 

Rive, Jean Joseph (Abbe). " Eclaircissements historiques et critiques sur 
Tlnvention des Cartes a Jouer" ; Paris, 1780. 

Riimpler, Susanna. " Yier Farben, oder die deutschen Spielkarten. 
Herausgegeben von Carl Herlossohn " ; Leipzig, 1828. 

Riimpler, Susanna. The same work; 2nd edition, 1829. 

Scharf, George, C.B. " Observations on an Elizabethan Picture of four 
Persons of distinction playing cards." Communicated to the Society 
of Antiquaries, 1889. 

Schroeter, Timon. " Spielkarte und Kartenspiel. Neue deutsche Spiel- 
karten, erfunden und mit Yersen begleitet von Dr. T. S." ; 
Leipzig, 1883. 

Seymour, Richard. "The Court Gamester"; London, 1722. 

Scott (General). " A Compendium of easy Rules of Whist " ; London, 
1814. 

Societe des Bibliophiles Franc,ais. " Jeu de Cartes Tarots et de Cartes 
Numerates "; Paris, 1844. 

Societe Royale des Antiquaires de France. " Memoires et Dissertations " ; 
Paris, 1842. 

Sotheby, Wilkinson and Hodge. Sale catalogue, 16 Nov. 1894. 

" Strand Magazine" for Jan. and Feb. 1893; containing two articles by 
G. Clulow on " Peculiar Playing Cards." 

Strobl, Andreas. " Geistliche Deutsche Karten-Spil," etc. ; Salzbach, 
1691. 

Tarocchini. " Instruzione necessarie per chi volesse imparare il Giuoco 
dilettevole delli Tarocchini di Bologna"; Bologna, 1754. 

" Taroc-Spiel, sowol in drey Personen zum Konig als in vier wirklichen 
Personen," etc. ; Nurnberg, 1763. 

"Taroeeo, ossia Giuco della Partita"; Bologna, 1872. 



BOOKS RELATING TO CARDS AND CARD PLAYING. 219 

" Taschenbuch fiir 1801"; with 8 plates to Hudibras, designed by 
D. Soltau and engraved by D. Berger. In leather case. 

Taylor, Rev. E. S. " The History of Playing Cards" ; London, 1865. 

Tremeau de Rochebrune, Alphonse. " Notice sur un Jeu de Cartes 
attribue aux premieres Annees du Regne de Francois l er , et sur un 
Jeu de 1760 " ; Niort, 1867. 

Van Rensselaer, M. K. " The Devil's Picture Books ; a History of Playing 
Cards"; London, 1892. 

Weigel. " Die Spielkarten der Weigel'schen Sammlung " ; Leipzig, 
1866. 

Collection of cuttings, etc., mounted in a volume lettered " Extracts on 
Cards." 



INDEX. 



Ad ami, 17 

Albrizzi, G. B., 23, 24 

Allbrecht, J., 96 

Alliston's "Poets Conversation Cards," 

172 
Alphabet, 72, 137, 138, 160, 181, 182 
Amaulry, T., 65 
America, South, views and characters of, 

114, 207 
Amman, Jobst, 94 
Ammer, L., 107, 116 
Amsterdam, 145 
Andrese, J. P., 93 
Anecdotes, 166 
" Animal Quorum," 171 
Anne, Eeign of, 165 
Aquila, al, 28 
Aquila Coronata, al, 21 
Aretin, C. von, 80 
41 Arithmeticus," 176 
Armanino fratelli, 21 
Arnold, L., 129 
Arnold, V., 80, 201 
Aschaffenberg, 108 
Assignats, 57 

Astronomical cards, 25, 93, 161, 178 
Atthalin, L., 59, 198 
Auction Game, 171 
Augsburg, 76, 86, 109, 125, 133, 200, 

209 
Augsburg, costumes of, 137 
Autreux fils, 67 
Autreux freres, 68 
Avignon, 54 
Avondo fratelli, 7 
Avril 55 i 

Azelt, 84 

Bacher, I., 90 
Backofen, J., 101 



Backofen, J. E., 80, 117 

Backofen, J. G., 100, 123 

Backofen, J. M., 81, 100 

Badu, H., 55 

Ballek, M., 89 

" Baraja Mistica," 34 

Barattini, F., 12 

"BarbeBleue,"200 

Barbot, J., 39 

Barcelona, 32, 34 

Basle, 143, 210 

Bau, J., 39 

Baumgartner, 86, 132 

Bavaria, history of, 80, 85, 89 

Bayonne, 35 

Beber, R., 211 

Belfort, 43 

Beltramo, 8 

Bendelli, 130 

Bennet, J., 212 

Benois, J. B., 44 

Bergmanns-Karte, 77 

Berlin, 86, 122, 132 

Berlin, views in, 86 

Bernard, J., 39 

Besancon, 43 

Beuckert and Radetzki, 132 

Beziers, 47 

Bible History, 30, 69, 130, 179 

" Billiards," 171 

Biot, L. 151 

Blome's Armorial Cards, 163 

Bock, H., 203 

Bohme, A., 86 

Bohme, F. A., 105 

Boissiere, G. de la, 66, 121, 199, 210 

Bologna, 5, 11-13, 16, 17, 20, 25, 26, 28 

Bonnardin, 67 

Bordeaux, 35, 55 

Boston, 182 



222 



INDEX. 



Botany, 64 

Botzen, 95 

Bouvard, 45 

Breslau, 127 

Brianville, 24, 42, 65, 122 

Brocade cards, 108 

Bruck, P., 98 

Brugada, I. de, 36 

Bruges, 150 

Brussels, 151, 152, 213 

Bubble Companies, 147, 166 

Buchhold, F., 127 

Buffoon cards, 148, 149 

Biihlmann, A., 143 

Bull-fighters, portraits of, 33 

Buolman, F. A., 142 

Burdel, C, 45 

Burdel, J., 57 .. 

Burdoes, 35 

Burlesque cards, 149 

Buscaglia, P., 33 

Buttisholz, 143 

" Cabinet Council," 171 

Cadiz, 35, 36, 41 

Caen, 197 

Calvert, W., 178 

Cambio, 154 

Cardajat, 44 

Carey, L., 44, 102 

" Cartes a Eire," 59, 60 

Cassel, 95 

Cassini, P., 12 

Chambery, 44 

Chambom, I., 67 

Chassonneris, 48 

Chastelano, G., 8 

" Chat Butte," 200 

Cheminade, P., 8 

Chicago, 182 

Ciguo, al, 11, 17, 28 

Clave, L, 67 

Codognato, G. B., 22 

Coffee, A. H., 183 

Coissieux, J., 57 

Columba, alia, 5, 15, 16 

Columbian Souvenir Cards, 182 

Coly, J., 141 

Comas, S., 34 

Comic cards, 113, 120, 175 

Compostella, D., 21 

Conjuring cords, 176 



Conver, N., 46 
Copenhagen, 155, 211 
Costumes, 31, 137, 182, 210 
Cotta's Karten Almanach, 117, 118 
Counter cards, 140 
Co well, I. L. S., 211 
Creswick, T., 155, 156, 170 
Crimean War, 115 
Cucu, 28 

Dallacasa, A , 28 

Dance music, 1 68 

Darodes, A., 66 

Daumont, 122, 199 

Daveluy, 150, 152 

David, I. B., 35 

De la Rue & Co., 156, 157, 170 

Delatre, 55 

De l'Epine, E., 213 

Delia Bella, S., 61-63 

Demacia, 34 

Desmarest, J., 61 

Desprotti, Abbe, 10 

Dessoris, 39 

Deutsche Reichs Karte, 77 

Diagonal cards, 29 

Dickens, Characters from, 171 

Diessenhofen, 141, 143 

Dietz, I. L., 81 

Dijon, 44 

Dinant, 151 

"Dockyard," 172 

Dodall, J., 44 

Dody, N., 69 

Doll, E., 80 

Domino cards, 29, 169, 212 ) 

Dondorf, B., 76, 95, 109, 113 

Don Quixote, 97 

Dotti, 6 

Dougherty, A., 183 

" Dreams," 176 

Dresden, 86, 87, 105, 200 

Dubesset, G., 44 

Dubois, J. B., 151 

Dubois, J. J., 152 

Dubois, J. T., 152 

Dufaud, P., 67 

Dupont, M., 151 

Du Port, J. G., 154 

Dura, S., 39 

Duremouri, 92 

Duval, 198 



INDEX. 



228 



Eberhardt, F. J., 101, 207 

Eberhardt, J., 101 

Eberhart, J. G., 96 

Eckel, N., 128 

Emperors, Roman and German, 135 

Empire cards, 55 

Ensslin & Laiblin, 109 

Estel, J., 105 

Eteilla, 10, 46, 47, 52-54, 126 

Etmria, 14, 15 

Facchina, G., 19 

Farwell's Geographical Whist, 162 

Feitzinger, H. 0., 75 

Fer, N. de, 193 

Ferrara, 12 

Fescher, A., 152 

Festung Baues Spiel, 121, 122 

Fetscher, J., 79, 88, 98, 99, 111, 116, 

128, 131 
Fetscher, P. P., 99 
Finetto, C, 22 
Florence, 13-15, 17 
Flotner, P., 75 
Follia, alia, 20 
Fon, G. de la, 67 
Fonseca, J., 33 
Forster, J. J., 101, 208 
Fortuna, alia, 13 
Fortune-telling cards, 10, 46, 47, 52-54, 

60, 61, 73, 92, 109, 112, 121, 126, 

132, 175, 176 
"Forty Thieves," 172 
Fouquet, J., 145 
France, Kings of, 146 
Frankfort a/M., 75-77, 87, 95, 96, 109, 

110, 113-115, 123, 124, 132, 133, 200, 

206, 207 
Frankfort, Rifle-meeting at, 109, 110 
Frankfort, views of, 114 
Frankfort a/O., 123 
Freschot's Venetian Heraldry, 24 
Frey, J., 79 
Fribourg, 127, 141 
Fuller, S. and T., 167 

Gaillard, 47 
Galdes, G. & Co., 197 
Galler, J., 151 
Garcia & Boyer, 32 
Garet, J., 63 
Garet, P., 68 



Gargel cards, 75, 76 

Gatteaux, 48, 55, 56, 198 

Gaudais, J., 60 

Geneva, 141, 144 

Genoa, 5, 17, 21, 33, 36 

Geographical cards, 9, 10, 13, 23, 31, 
62-64, 71, 121, 136, 148, 153, 161, 
162, 177, 178, 181, 198, 209 

Germany, history of, 81 

Gibert, 56 

Gibson & Gisborne, 157 

Gibson, Hunt & S«"-n, 170 

Gide fils, 72 

Gil Bias, 74 

Gipsey's Last Legacy, 175 

Giroux, 74 

Gisaine, 151 

Glanz, J., 82, 83, 90, 91, 106, 111, 129 

" Gliick zu ! " 140 

Gobi, A. B., 79, 89, 99, 100, 107, 117, 
123, 125, 131 

Gobi, C, 79, 89 

Goodall & Son, 157, 158 

Gorizia (Gbrz), 5 

Goslar, 87 

Gottrichter, J., 75 

" Grand Charm," 176 

Grands Diables des Villes, 200 

Gratz, 128, 203 

Grecs et les Turcs, 73 

Grenoble, 68 

Grimaud, B. P., 33, 38, 48, 56, 212 

Grosheim, A., 208 

Gueret, 68 

Gumppenberg, F., 6 

Hall, 158 

Hall & Bancks, 158, 212 

Halle, 115 

Hamburg, views of, 207, 208 

Hamilton, E., 113 

Hanau, 96, 111 

" Happy Couples," 172 

" Happy Families," 172 

Harding's historical cards, 181 

Hardy, J., 158 

Hasle bei Burgdorf, 144 

Hauck, H., 200, 206 

Haupold, A., 124 

Hauser, J. R., 145 

Hegewalt, J. G., 103 

Heichek J., 133 



224 



INDEX. 



Heideborn, L., 90 

Hemmerichs, P., 86 

Henze, M., 77 

Heraldic cards, 13, 24, 42, 65, 122, 162, 

163, 209, 210 
Herlblerg, A., 128 
Hersent & Bergeret, 49 
Hes, J. C, 125 
Heyden, vander, 82 
Historical cards 30, 31, 70, 71, 78, 80, 

81, 85, 135, 136, 146, 163-166, 177, 

180 
Hoffmann, J., 121 
Hofmann, F., 202, 208 
Hofmann, J. N., 106, 107 
Holmblads, L. P., 155 
Honnig, J. L., 122 
Houbigant's Cartes Boyales, 48, 49, 197, 

198 
Hudson river, views on, 207 
Humanes, J., 33, 213 
Hunt & Sons, 158, 170 
Hus, W. F., 203 

Igualada, 32 

" In and out of Luck," 173 

Industrie Comptoir, 77-79, 97, 111, 116 

Initials found on cards : 

A. L. S., 91 
B., 103 

B. A., 46 

B. H., 99 -; 

C. E., 37 
C. T., 143 

E. S., 46 

F. C. Z., 75 
F. P., 197 

F. W., 46 

G. D., 197 

G. H. W., 123 

G. M., 11, 46, 126 

G. P., 83 

H. B. 1752, 45 

H. D. 1703, 93 

H. H., 211 

I., 84 

I. B. N., 155 

I. F. C, 103 

I. G. H., 119 

I. H., 80 

I. J., 143 

I. E. M., 125 



I. S., 89 

J. D., 153 

J. G. E., 141 

J. I. A. B., 43 

J. K. H., 96 

J. E., 40 

L. H., 119 Z '] 

L. K., 97 

L. W., 119 

M. Y., 35 

P. W., 98 

V. G., 21 

V. T., 46 
Innsbruck, 87, 96 
Ioia, C. H., 200 
Italy, Kingdom of, 115 

Jagd-Karte, 78 

Jaggi, J., 141 

James II, Eeign of, 165 

Janin, J., 68 

Jar, A. 46, 103 

Jassoy, L., Ill 

Jaume, XL, & J. D. Dugourc, 49 

Jegel, C, 201, 202 

Jegel, B., 81 

Jerger, J., 43 

Jeu de Bataille, 52 

Jeu des Calembourgs, 74 

Jeu des Cartes du Blason, 65 

Jeu des Chevaliers, 72 

Jeu du Combination, 138 

Jeu d'Enigmes, 52 

Jeu de I'Esperance, 108 

Jeu des Fables, 61 

Jeu Francais et Espagnol et Holland ais, 

52 
Jeu de Geographie, 62, 63 
Jeu des Illustres Capitaines, etc., 198 
Jeu des Metamorphoses, 146 
Jeu d'Officiers, 145 
Jeu des Princes d'Alemagne, 198 
Jeu de la Eevolution, 136 
Jeu des Eeynes Eenommdes, 62 
Jeu des Eois de France, 61, 62 
" Jonathan Hocus Pocus," 176 
Jouy, E., 71 
" Judge and Jury," 173 
Junggesellen-Spiel, 93 

Kempten, 87, 127 
Key, M. F., 100 



INDEX. 



225 



Kieni, P. E., 209 
Klogner, E., 128 
Kobitzsch & Kiiper, 115 
Kochly, H. A., 97 
Koppen, C. E., 96 
Krapf, F., 95 
Krebs, J., 127 
Kurz, X., 127 



Laboissb, L. de, 45 

Landseer's cards, 168 

Larmoyer, G., 152 

La Eochelle, 66 

Latasche, J., 67 

Lattmann, F. A., 87 

Laudier, N. F., 45 

" Laughing made easy," 173 

Laurent, J. P., 43 

Lebeuf, 52 

Legrand, A., 52 

Leipert, F. J., 87, 127 

Leipnitz, F., 88 

Leipsic, 32, 77-79, 88, 96, 97, 111, 116, 

133 
Leipsic, Battle of, 77 
" Lend me five Shillings," 173 
Lennhoff & Heuser, 87 
Lenoir, 49 

Lenormand, Mile., 54, 73, 109, 121, 132 
LenthalPs cards, 169 
Lequart & Mignot, 51 
Liebenden und Verliebten, Spiel der, 138 
Liege, 151, 152, 153 
Lille, 69-71 
Linz, 131 
Lionet, 55 
Liperachi, C, 22 
Lisbon, views of, 110, 115 
Llombart, A., 32, 196 
Lottery cards, 61, 133-135, 149, 150 
Louis, 35 

Love and Friendship, 133 
Love Mottoes, 167 
Lucca, 21 
Ludlow & Co., 156 
Ludwig, J. F., 95 
Ludwig & Schmidt, 115 
Luftreise, 138 
Luxemburg, 98 
Lyons, 44 

Machaea Yieja, 36, 42 



Madenie, P., 44, 67 

Madrid, 33, 36-38, 41, 213 

Madrid Eoyal Manufactory, 37, 38 

Maffeis, M. H., 35 

Maldonado, P., 33 

Malta, 197 

Manbririi, F., 7 

Mandrou, 67, 68 

Maniez, E. F. V., 51 

Mannheim, 98, 125 

Mantegna, Tarocchi di, 5 

Manus, 67 

Marcovicii, G. B., 27 

Maria, A. de, 5, 28 

Marisi, A., 5, 16 

Marriage, 54, 73 

Martin's magic cards, 170 

Martin's magic swans, 176 

Martinez de Castro, J., 36, 37 

Mathematical instruments, 166 

Mathers, S. L. McGregor, 9 

Maudet, 47, 57 

Mayer, 67 

Mazet, B., 67 

Mele, 33 

Merigot, 69, 70 

Metastasis, 167, 211 

Mexico, Battles in, 110, 207 

Meyer, N., 119 

Mihler, F. D., 90, 102, 124 

Milan, 6, 7, 21 

Milchram, L., 128 

" Militar-Tarock," 106 

Military science, 66, 121, 122, 199, 210 

Minot, J., 68 

Minot, V., 58, 67 

Mitelli, G. M., 12,29, 195 

Modena, 7 

Mondo, al, 5, 11, 17, 20 

Monmouth's Bebellion, 165 

Montpellier, 55 • 

Moro, A., 22 

Moro, al, 19, 20 

Moscatelli, S., 19 

Moscow, 153, 154 

Moser, A., 106 

Mousse, 69 

Miichler's Taschenbuch fur Karten 
Spieler, 97 

Miiller, C. A., 86 

Miiller, H. F., 118, 133, 134 

Miiller, J., 142, 143 



226 



INDEX. 



Mullord Brothers, 173 

Mumlisweil, 141 

Munich, 79,80,88,89, 98-100, 107, 108, 

116, 117, 123, 125, 131, 132 
Muntuori, P., 18 
Music, 71 
Mythological cards, 61, 70, 146, 179, 198 

Nantes, 66, 

Naples, 9, 18, 38 

Napoleon, Victories of, 115, 208 

Napoleonic dynasty, 51 

Natali, G., 11, 17 

Natural History, 71 

Naumburg, 89 

Neuburg, 80, 100, 201 

NeueMtel, 142 

Neuhaus, 125 

Neumur, J., 125 

Neustadt, 80 

Neuwied, 100 

New York, 183 

Nicolle, 69-71 

Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray, Duke of, 25 

Novaro, N., 7 

Nuremberg, 75, 80-82, 89, 93, 94, 100, 

101, 117, 123, 124, 128, 131, 134, 201, 

202, 208 
Nuremberg, views of, 115 

Ocejo, P., 33, 37 

Ogilvy's games, 173 

Olea, 36, 41 

Oletti, 27 

Olivatte, E., 167 

Oneglia, 7 

Osiander's Karten Almanach, 118 

Osten, L. vander, 90, 203 

Padua, 7, 21 

Paine of Almack's Quadrilles, 182 

Pampeluna, 38 

Papacy, 147 

Paris, 33, 38, 47-49, 51, 52, 54, 55, 60, 

66, 69-72, 212 
" Parliament," 173 
Parma, 10 

Passa Tempo, 29, 195 
Passau, 105, 131, 202, 208, 209 
Passeron, 67 
Payen, J., 54 
Penningh, H. T., 119 



Perego, 21 

Perpignan, 39 

Perrin, J. P., 122 

Perrocet, A., 197 

Person, J., 67 

Pfand und Commando Spiel, 138 

Pfann, W., 121 

Pfliiger, G., 213 

Phrenology, 182 

Piatnik, F., 106, 111 

Pichler, J. G., 131 

Pietrq, Marco di, 10 

Pignalosa, L., 18 

Pinaut, I., 68 

Pinzon, L., 21 

"Plucking the Goose," 173 

Pommer, G., 81 

Popish Plots, 163, 164 

" Poverino," 14 

Prague, 89, 90, 128, 129 

Proverbs, 31, 86, 166, 173 

Pussey, H., 54 

Puzzle, Chinese, 139 

" Pyramids," 173 

Quadruple Marriage, 121 

Quarante, V., 98 

Questions and Answers, 133, 139 

Katisbon, 90, 102, 124 

Rauchmuller, A., 109 

Ravensburg, 102 

Reading, 71 

Regensburg. See Ratisbon 

Reiff, J. A., 121 

Renault, 48, 55 

Reneaud, P. L., 50 

Renouard, A., 70-71 

Republican cards, 44, 49, 57 

Reschi, 23 

Reumeteau, 66 

Reuter, C. H., 81, 82, 101 

Reutlingen, 109 

Revolution of 1830, 51 

Reynolds, 158, 159 

Rhine, views on the, 115, 207 

" Richterspiel oder Wer ist der Dieb," 93 

Riedle, T., 102 

Rio de Janeiro, 42, 207 

Riviere, G., 67 

Rocca, C. della, 6 

Rochias, J. H., 142 



INDEX. 



227 



Rochias, J., fils, 142 


Silvestre, I., 122, 199 


Rock, W. & H., 179 


Smit, G., 5 


Roeder, P., 100 


Soldato, al, 13, 17, 25, 26 


Rolffsen, I. L, 119 


Solesio, F., 5, 36, 37, 41, 42 


Rollwagen, J. G., 76 


Solesio Brothers, 37 


Romans, 57 


Solis, Virgil, 94 


Rome, 18 


Sommer & Seupke, 87 


Romisch, A., 200 


Songs, 168 


Rosnet, 67 


Sorcery cards, 135 


Rossi, Gr., 8 


Spofforth & Son, 161 


Rostock, 117 


Stapf, J. U., 122 


Rotxotxo, 40 


Stapff, J. C, 86 


Rouen, 213 


Steiger, J. G., 107 


Roxas, C, 37 


Steinberger, J. A., 77, 114, 132 


" Royal Court," 174 


Stralsund, 90, 203 


Rugendas, I. L., 80 


Strasburg, 44, 45, 82, 102, 213 


Ruiz, J., 33 


" Streets of London," 174 


Rump Parliament, 164 * 


Stridbeck, J., 209 


Rumpolt, H., 201 


Stukeley, W., 75 




Stuttgart, 125 


Sacheverell, Dr., 165, 211 


Suss, C. G., 125 


St. Maixent, 57 


Sutor, C. T., 89 


Salvotti, C, 22 


Swiss views and characters, 113, 144, 


Salzburg, 125 


208 


Santi, P. de, 19, 20 




Sarbat & Sole, 34 


Tell, William, story of, 97, 144 


Savoy, House of, 145 


" Tempel der Tugend,'" 138 


Saxony, Rulers of, 135 


Theatrical characters, 72, 119 


Saxony, views in, 87 


Theatrical portraits, 59 


Schaer, B., 141, 142 


Thiboult, 67 


Schaffhausen, 142, 143 


Thieme, G., 77 


Schatzberger, M., 105, 131, 202, 208, 209 


Thiers, 41, 50 


Schenck, C. P., 90 


Thomas, E. E., 178 


Schenck, J. EL, 131 


Tiedemann, J. G., 117 


Schiller the poet, 208 


Timmerman, G., 200 


Schmidt, J. M., 134 


Torelli, 8 


Schnekcli, A., 129 


Torras & San Martino, 32 


Schniepher, M. J. A., 126 


Toulouse, 57 


Schober, F. 125 


Tourcaty, J. F., 46 


Schoen, Erhard, 94 


Tours, 63 


Schoepf, J., 87 


Trades, 137 


Schroeter's cards, 130 


Transformations, 167, 168, 211 


Schulze, J. G-., 88 


Trento, 130 


Selon, G., 69 


Trieste, 27, 126 


Sentimental conversation cards, 172 


Trioullier, 68 


Serrano, J., 38 


Tubingen, 117, 118 


Serravalle, 7, 8 


Tugend und Laster, 139 


Sewera, W., 129 


Turin, 8, 9, 21, 27 


Seyfried, J. H., 121 


Turks, Defeat of the, 85 


Shakspeare, Characters from, 172 


Tuttell, T., 166 


" Shop," 174 


Twietmeyer, A., 116 


Siegl Grebriider, 91 


Ty tier's Pictorial A. B. 0., 181 



)t 



228 



INDEX. 



Uffenheimer, J. G., 83 
Ulm, 90, 203 
Unterwalden, 142 
Urbino, 18, 19 
" Utile col Diletto," 13 

Valencia, 39 

Valla, A., 126 

Vanackere, 69-71 

Vanhoeter, H., 152 

Venetian coffee houses, 27 

Venice, 19, 22, 23, 27 

Vergnano, S., 8, 9, 21 

Verona, 22 

Versailles, 68 

Viassone, A., 9 

Vicenza, 22 

" Victoria Cross," 174 

" Victoria or the Rose, Shamrock and 

Thistle," 174 
Vienna, 82, 83, 90, 91, 103, 105-7, 111, 

118, 129, 133, 134, 203 
Violante, L., 18 

Virtues and Vices, 29, 139, 195 
Visentini, A., 30, 195 
Vital-Berthin, 68 
Viterbo, 19, 27 
Vogelspiel, 131, 209 



Volay, 35, 41, 67 

" Voyage round the World," 136 

Wallis, J. 175 

" Wants," 174 

War of 1810-15, 78 

Warsaw, 154 

"Wedding Party," 174 

Weinsheim, 204 

Wels, 126 

"Who Buys," 174 

Willis & Co., 159 

" Wishing and Guessing," 174 

Wittenberg, 123 

Wokaun, J., 90 

World, Quarters of the, 113 

World's Fair Souvenir cards, 182 

Wratislaw. See Breslau 

Wiirth, C. L., 123 

Wiist, C. L., 75, 96, 109, 114 

Ybert, 67 

Zavoli, F., 19 

Zoetcke, C. H., 77 
Zeni, L. V., 130 
Zwanglose Karte, 88 



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