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Richmond, Va. 

No. 707 East Franklin St. 

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No. 707 East Franklin St. 

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' ■''^''"'"'' C. V. MEREDITH, 


Editor of the Magazine. 





^, , T3 , ...109,223, 332, 446 

Book Reviews ;^- , ,, ' , 

Boone, Daniel, at Limestone, 1786-87. By D. I. Bushnell Jr . 1 

Byrd, William, First, Letters of f,' To' ^o, m 

Council and General Court Minutes, 1624-29 32, 113, 225, 337 

Council Papers, 1098-1702 ^^J 

Eton, Expenses of Virginia Boys at o^" ViV 'qn-? "4^1 

Genealogy. Gorsuch and Lovelace 80, 212, 302, 4^1 

Johnson 3.8,4^^ 

Webb 99, 210, 330 

Yeardley, &c 101, 201, 323. 425 

Illustrations: Baylor, John (1705-1772), Portrait 314a 

Baylor, John (1750-1808) , Portrait 31ba 

Baylor, John (1750-1808), Portrait 318a 

Boone's Daniel, Indian Book. Fac simile of page. 


Hunt, Rev. Robert, fac-similes of signatures 413 

Moale, Mrs. John (1741-1826), Portrait 442a 

Moore, Augustine, Portrait '132a 

Moore, Mrs. Augustine, Portrait ■134a 

Moore, Bernard and Sister, Portraits 436a 

King William County Records, Extracts from. By W. B. Cridlin. 

65, 174, 290 

Notes and Queries 75,190,297,400 

Revolutionary Pension Declarations, Pittsylvania County. By Mrs. 

N.E.Clement ^"^9 

Sussex County Wills (Index). By W.B. Cridlin 167 

Virginia Gazette, 1752-1753, Extracts from 1- 

Virginia Gleanings in England. By Lothrop Withington and 

LeoCuUeton ^ 53,161,239,389 

Virginia in 1680-81 22, 139, 265, 365 

Virginia, Proposals in regard to '1 

Virginia State Auditor's Office, Papers from 275, 376 

Virginia Historical Society, List of Officers and Members, January 

Virginia, Historical Society, Proceedings of Annual Meeting, March 

17,1917. April Magazine. 


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Virginia Historical Society 

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March 17, 1917. 




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OF THE ^ --..■■ .■ . .■ .-. . •. . , 

Virginia Historical Society 

IN ■:■.'■■■' 

Annual Meeting Held March 17, 1917. 

The Annual IVIeeting was held in the Society's House, 707 
East Franklin Street on March 17th, at 4 P. M., with President 
W. Gordon McCabe in the chan-. 

The first business was the reading of President McCabe 's 
Annual Report as follows : 

Annual Report of the President of the Virginia 
Historical Society for 191G. 

To the Members of the Virginia Historical Society: 

I have the honor to submit the following report comprising 
a simimarv' of the varied activities of the Society and presenting 
a detailed statement of its finances, membership and property 
for tlie year ending November .30th, 191G— which report has 
been duly examined, verified and unanimously approved by 
your Executive Committee. 

I; -Though there is Httle of paramount moment, apart from the 
solid achievement of the Society in its recognized field, to claim 
special attention, it is gratifying to report that the year has 
Ix^en, from every point of view, a prosperous one, and that, at 
Llie end of its eighty-fourth year, our organization is as full of 
high aspiration and of lusty vigor as in the "Ma3'--morn of its 
youth," wliile it is far better equipped than ever before in its 
history for the successful prosecution of its ever-broadening 



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Our collections have been excellent, owing to the drastic pur- 
j^ng from our rolls of persistent delinquents, while, in spite of 
the sad inroads of death, our "membership has grown to 760, an 
increase of 9 over last year. 

Though we have had no becjuests or subscriptions to swell 
our "Permanent Fund," we have 3'et made a substantial addi- 
tion to it through the economical and sagacious management 
of the Society's current revenues. 

That our finances continue in a thoroughly sound and satis- 
factory condition is evidenced by the subjoined report of our 
efiicient Treasurer, which, having been duly audited, is here 
presented in full; 

Treasurer's Report: 

I herewith submit my report for the fiscal year ending November 30, 
J91G, and of the Permanent Fund at this present date: 
Balance in Bank December 1, 1915 $369.74 


Annual Dues $3,097.10 

Life Members 300.00 

vSale of Magazines - 340.41 

l^.ale of Publications 7.75 

Advertising 36.50 

Interest - -- 570.79 

Rent 150.00 

From Savings Account 1,000. 00 $5,502.5 5 


Salaries $1,526.80 

Wages 308.00 

Postage and Express 

Repairs . 

Insurance 72.00 

C hecks returned 1000 

City Paving Bill 79.53 

Catalogue Cards and Case -..- 53.10 

Publishing Magazines 1,3-14.97 

To Permanent Fund.-. 1,350.00 

Job Printing 27.00 

P>ooks, Stationery and Binding 108.48 

Sundry Bills 

Balance in Bank November 30, 1916 ._^^^-^.^ 



320.98 5,358.51 

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PROCEEDINGS. ,.,^^,^^ MU,A^:K 

Permanent Fund. 


Twenty-five (25) shares stock Citizens Bank of Norfolk, pay- • 

jng 10%, estimated value.. 55,000.00 Uiniihi:: 

Real estate mortgage 6% 1,000.00 ;, (-.1,;^ 

Real estate mortgage 6% 1,000.00 

R eal estate raortgage 6% 4,500.00 

Savings Dep. .si t 37o -_. U350.00 

In accordanee with an order of the Executive Committee, the Treasurer 
presents the following tabulated statement, showing the sources from 
which the Permanent Fund is derived. What is termed the "vSociety's 
I'und" comprises the amoimt the Committee has been able to save from 
year to year out of the ordinary revenues of the Society, 
'i'he Virginia Sturdivant McCabe Fund, given by the President 
of the Society in loving memorj' of his grand-daughter, Vir- 
ginia Sturdivant McCabe, born February 1, lOOo, died Au- 
gust 11, 1909 $ 600.00 

'l~he Jane Pleasants Harrison Osborne McCabe Fund, given by 
th(! President of the Society in loving memory of his wife, 
Jane Pleasants Harrison Osborne McCabe, who died Novem- 

ber22,l9l2 _ 500.00 

Daughters of the American Revolution Fund 100.00 

Byam K. SlevenisFund 6.50.00 

lidward Vvilv.n James Fund 4,500.00 

Soeiety's Tund . _ . 6,900.00 

Omitting the $1000.00 entered from the Savings Account to be rein- 
vested, our total receipts for the last fiscal year were $302.15 greater 
than those of the year before. The collection of annual dues exceeds the 
former year by $158.05; Life Membership fees were $200.00 greater; and 
the tale of iiuigazines increa.sed $48.51. Our routine expenses, as might 
have Ijeen exjiected, have been higher than during the year before, but, 
m spite of this, we have had a balance at the end of the year larger by 
$141.04 than that of the preceding year, and have added $550.00 to the 
Permanent Fimd, entirely from the ordinary revenues of the Society. 

The condition of our finances during the year would have been gratify- 
ing at any time, but it is especially so during an era of very high prices. 
I regret to state that one source of addition to the Permanent Fund has 
erased. For a number of years, a part of our lot, on the alley, has been 
rented at $150.00 a year and this amount was always placed in the Fund. 
The renter has given the notice required in his contract and after the 
first cjuarU r of 1017 he v/ill cease to that part of the lot. 
Rc-spectfuny submitted, 



' Additions to the Library. 


The additions to the Library in books and pamphlets number 
88 L The donors, to whom grateful acknowledgment is due, 
are: Prof. D. R. Anderson, Major WilHam A. Anderson, John 
R. Abney, Samuel A. Ashe, George W. Atkinson, Judge Morris 
S. Barret, P. H. Easkervill, Dr. H. J. Berkeley, Richard Biddle, 
Percy W. Bidwell, W. J. Brown, Dr. Philip Alexander Bruce, 
C. M. Burton, David L Bushnell, Prof. Robert Brydon, E. V. 
Callahan, Allen C. Clark, William M. Clemens, Dr. William 
T. Drewry, J. J. Doran, Dr. H. J. Eckenrode, Hon. A. C. Gor- 
don, Hon. Fred. R. Coudert, John D. Guthrie, Fairfax Harrison, 
Charles H. Hart, G. A. Hankins, T. H. Hams, Col. Arthur 
Herbert, Prof. Archibald Henderson, James H. Hyde, Prof. 
Fiske Kimball, J. Granville Leach, Judge L. L. Lewis, John P. 
McGuire, Jr., W. Gordon McCabe, Albert Matthews, Dr. T. 
L. Miller, Vl. W. Morton, J. P. Nelson, Thomas J. Newkirk 
Col. John P. Nicholson, Sir Gilbert Parker, Bart., R. E. Peyton, 
A. C. Quisenberry, Edward L. Ryerson, William G. Stanard, 
G. Smith Stanton, A. vSwarzy, E. J. Sellers, W^iUiam M. Sweney, 
C' E. Sherman, Rev. J. W. vSherer, Fred. W. Stevens, Col. 
Oswald Tilghman, R. C. Ballard Thruston, J. D. Van Home, 
Whitney Warren, J. H. Whitty, Col. Jennings C. Wise, John P. 
Young;'Mdmes. C. M. Burton, Belle Bushnell, E. V. Callender, 
]£. W. Doremus, E. M. Houston, C. R. Hyde, W. Gordon Mc- 
Cabe, Jennie C. Morton. Sally Nelson Robins, William G. 
Stanard; Misses Jane S. Stanard, E. L. Stanard, Lucie P. Stone, 
Estate of Miss Sally Tompkins (deceased) through Mrs. J. B. 
Lightfoot; Library of Congress, Virginia State Library, Massa- 
clmsetts Commission of Public Records, U. S. Commissioner 
of Education, Department of Universities and Schools, Paris 
(France), American Bar Association, Virginia Bar Association, 
Camegie Institute, Smithsonian Institution, Bunker Hill Monu- 
ment Association, National Society D. A. R., Hispanic Society 
of America, U. S. National Museum, Industrial Department 
C. & O. R. R. Co., Richmond Chamber of Commerce, Univer- 
sities of Toronto, of California and of North Carolina. 



A large number of newspapers and periodicals have been 
bound, while our "binders" containing valuable pamphlets 
now number 371, an addition of 20 during the year. Tne total 
number of these pamphlets is now approximately 40UU. ,i I,„,a 

The book-shelves authorized last year are already well-nigh ,, ,,,., 
lUled 1)ut ^^e have been materially helped during the year m ;,,. 

the matter of shelf-room by the gift of three large bookcases, 
two of these prerxnited by Dr. McGuire Newton' and one by 
Mr. William G. Stanard. 

During 191G. a beginning was made of a card-catalogue ot the „ ^.^ 
whole library, designed for the convenience of readers and 
students who frequent our "Society House". To this end, we 
bought a case of twelve drawers (which can beadded to a. 
needed) and haxe begnm the systematic purchasmg of cata- 
logue-cards" from the Library of Congress; at the same time 
adding typewritten cards for such printed titles as that Library 
was unable to furmsh. We ha^e now 1103 cards filed, but. as 
these coNcr but five cases out of the nine m the front readmg- 
room (on our first floor), it is obvious that the preparation o 
this minuie general catalogue cannot, with our present clerical 
force be finished for some time yet. It is expected, however, 
that all oi the books in this front reading-room (which comprise 
the volu.nes most consulted by students) will be catalogued 
during the present winter. It is pertinent to state, m this con- 
nection i!>at we alreadv have a manuscript card-catalogue ot 
every item in our "Collections", but this is accessible to readers 
onlv ]3y express permission of the Librarian. The rapidity with 
which the general card-cataloguing can be completed is, ot 
course, dependent on the amount the Society can spare for the 
purpose from its current revenue. 

Gifts and Bequests. 

1 A crimson silk l^ook-mark used for years by General 
Robert E. Lee in the Prayer-book from which he read morning 

prayers daily. . 

After the death of his wife at Lexington (Nov. bth. 187^ . 
this book-mark was given b)- their youngest daughter, Mildred. 

>ir I! 



to her cousin, Mrs. Annie Lee Harrison, of Leesburg, Virginia, 
wlio now generously presents it (through the President) to the 
Virginia Historical Society. 

An accompanying autograph letter from Miss Mildred Lee 
to Mrs. Hairison amply attests the authenticity of this precious 
relic, which, it is needless to say, will always be reverently 
guarded by the Society as one of its most cherished possessions. 

2. A portrait of our former Corresponding Secretary, Philip 
Alexander Bruce, LL.D. — presented by that distinguished 
historian, in resp'onse to an express request preferred by the 
li'xecutive Committee. 

3. A manuscript "Note-Book" kept by John Mason at 
Williamsburg, Va., and other places, during 1818, containing, 
in addition to his "notes," addresses delivered before the liter- 
ary societies of William and Mary College and other items of 
lare interest — presented bv Randol])]! Hurry, esq., of New York 

4. Beads from Indian graves in the old "Nottoway Burying 
(ifound" — presented by Dr. W. B. Barham, Newsom, Ya. 

5. A piece of bunting alleged to be a part of General Robert 
]'- Lee's "Head-Quarter flag," and also a "token" (very much 
like an English penny in appearance), which bears the inscrip- 
tion, "54th Virginia Regiment" — presented by Mrs. j. Paul 
Molting, Plainfield, N. J. 

G. Engraved portrait of General Robert E. Lee — lyesented 
li\' Misses Jane S. and E. L. Stanard, Richmond, Virginia. 

7. A photograph of President Jefferson Davis, taken in 
Richmond in 18()7, when he came to this city, a "prisoner of 
state," to stand trial under indictment for "treason"— a trial 
v.iiich the U. S. Government, conscious of its flimsy "case," put 
olT from time to time, until in 1869 the prosecution was drop})ed, 
and the final entry made "case dismissed" — presented by Rob- 
ert B. Munford, Jr., esq., of Richmond, Va. 

8. Photograph of the tomb of Lawrence Washington, Wheel- 
ing, W. Va. — presented by Mrs. Chiles Ferrell, Richmond, Va. 

9. Manuscript Roster of the Thirteenth Virginia Infantry, 
Anny of Northern Virginia — presented by William H. Lyne, 
esq., Orange, Va, 


10. Engraved portrait of General T. J. ("Stonewall") Jack- 
son — presented by Arthur L. Stevens, Qsq., New York City. 

11. A large collection of MS. notes from Virginia County 
Records, consisting of completed genealogies and of genealogical 
data, transcribed by the late Captain Wilson ]\liles Gary, a 
trained genealogist — presented, on behalf of his heirs, by his 
nephew, Fairfax Harrison, esq., of "Belvoir House," Fauquier 
Cotinty, Va. (These notes, arranged in two large volumes and 
in three "liles," under the general title of ''The Gary Papers,'' 
have been carefully indexed) . 

12. A most interesting collection of letters, autographs, manu- 
scripts and pamphlets— bequeathed- to the Society by the late 
A'fiss Kate Mason Rowland, of Richmond, Virginia, a member 
of this Society. (These have also been placed in "files" and 

13. "Speed's Map of Virginia and Maryland," together with 
an engraved portrait of John Gilmer Speed of Kentucky, car- 
tographer, engineer and journalist — presented (both framed) 
l)y Gilmer S. Adams, esq., Louisville, Ky. 


1 . Volume XXIV of our Magazine was published during the 
year, steadily maintaining the high position won for it by its 
accomplished Editor, who has consistently adhered to his es- 
tablished purpose of printing (save in very rare instances) only 
first-hand documents relating to Virginia history. 

2. The ''Minutes of the Council and General Gourt" (1{)22- 
lii29), transcribed from the originals (bound in 2 volumes) in 
the Library of Congress. It will be remembered that the late 
Lothrop Withington, of London, an accomplished antiquarian 
and genealogist, undertook years ago, at his own instance and 
without one penny of compensation, to transcribe for the Society 
these venerable records, and that he continued to perform this 
"labor of lA-e" up to May 1915, when he sailed for England on 
tlie ill-staiied "Lusitania" and met his tragic fate at the hands 
of C^ennan miscreants. The untimely death of this staunch 
and generous friend rendered it imperative that prompt pro- 
vision should be made for securing transcripts of the second 

i at 


volume of these rare MSS. To that end, our Corresponding 
Secretar}'-, by direction of the President, went at once to Wash- 
ington, and, through the courteous permission of Dr. Putnam, 
head of the Congressional Library, caused "photostatic" copies 
to be made of the originals. 

As all of you v.dll readily allow who have glanced over these 
originals, they are well-nigh undecipherable by any one not a 
trained expert, because of the crabbed hand-writing and be- 
wildering abbreviations of the different scribes employed in the 
task. Fortunately, our Secretary is such an expert, and he has 
not only successfully deciphered these "photostatic" reproduc- 
tions, but has immensely enhanced the inherent value of the 
records by a wealth of apposite annotations, for which all his- 
torical students must feel grateful. 

We cannot refrain from emphasizing yet once again the 
superlative value of these "Mi7nites." They constitute, most 
probably, the oldest records in America that originated in the 
Colonies, and v/e do not hesitate to declare that, so far as is 
Icnown to us, no document whatever dealing with our early 
Colonial history^ possesses a more solid and illumining veAuc. 

Already, as is known to you, we have printed in full the tran- 
scriptions of the first volume, and, when those comprising the 
second shall have been completed in our pages, and the whole 
shall be presented in book form, there can be little doubt that 
historical students ever^^where v/ill welcome it as an unrivalled 
"human docvmient," portraying with homely sim])licity, yet 
dramatic vividness, almost every phase of the intimate social 
and industrial life of the Virginia Colonists in the Se\'enteenth 

3. Through the kindness of the Rev. William J. Hinkie, Ph. 
D., D. D., of the "Auburn (N. Y.) Theological vSeniinary," we 
were enabled to publish in three numbers of our Magazine the 
very striking "Report of the Journey of Francis Louis Michel 
from Berne, Switzerland, to Virginia (Oct. 23, 1701 — Dec. 1, 
1702)." This "Report" translated (from the original in the 
"City Library" of Berne) Vjy Dr. Hinkie and carefully annotated 
by that erudite scholar ("Part H" containing additional anno- 
tations by our Editor) a]:)peared for the first tim,e in Englisli 

PROCEEDINGS. »'..•>. y; '. L: XI 

guise in our pages, and must have afforded keen pleasure to a 
wide circle of readers. 

There is not, indeed, a page of it that Virginians would not : 
be the poorer for missing. 

Though :\Iichel was not skilful in the limner's art (as is e\-i- 
denced by the original sketches accompanying his narrati\-ej, 
he imquestionably wielded a facile and flowing pen, and many 
of his lively pages remind us constantly of delightful "Master 
Pepys. ' ' 

Especially vivid and picturesque is his description of 
the ceremonies, in turn stately, solemn and jocund, on the 
occasion of the official proclamation in Williamsburg by his 
Excellency, Governor Francis Nicholson, of the death of "His 
Glorious Majesty," King William III, and of the accession of 
"good Queen Anne." These ceremonies took place in the 
college grounds of "V/ilHam and Mary" (so named for the de- 
ceased King and his spouse, both munificent patrons of that 
ancient foundation) and occurred on May 18th, 1702. 

As a becoming setting for the reading of the proclamations, 
the Governor had called out the mihtary contingents of the six 
neighboring counties, and these troops to the number of 2000. 
infantry, cavalry, and dragoons, together vith two batteries 
of field artillery, were drawn up in front of the college, 
three sides of a great square, the fourth side being filled in by 
the imposing front of the college itself. As ]xa-t of tlie stately 
pageant, there is also a great number of the neighboring gentry, 
miounted and armed, and sixty stalwart Indian v/arriors serving 
as escort to two of their ciueens, who appear in all their barbaric 
finery of beads and feathers. The college w indows are packed, 
tier on tier, with "dames of higli degree," and on the balconies 
of each story are ranged the musicians, who play "very movingly 
and moumfully," says the chronicler, as the troops move into 
position. A great concourse of hum.bler folk, all afoot, fill up 
the view beyond. When the ranks are settled and all is ready, 
the high constable appears bearing the sce]jtre, and then come 
picked soldiers, all in mourning, escorting the royal standards 
sceptre and standards alike draped in crape. "Then followed 
the Governor in black, as also his white horse, whose harness 

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was draped with black." There is a hush, and Mr. Secretary 
announces the death of their King. This finished, the Governor 
takes command, and the troops, wheeHng into column, march 
sloAvly, with arms reversed and the band playing a martial 
dirge, to an immense tent erected inside the college grounds, 
\vhere the bishop (as the narrative dubs the clergyman) "de- 
livered a touching oration, which caused many to shed tears." 
This memorial service ended, presto! "L^ roi est mart! vive 
Ic roi!" The troops march back to a lively tune, while the 
Governor, who has slipped away for a few minutes, reappears 
almost immediately in a resplendent uniform of blue and gold, 
mounted on a richly caparisoned steed, the standards are un- 
cased and flung to the breeze, and Queen Anne is proclaimed 
])Y Mr. Secretary amid tumultuous cheering and flinging of 
loyal caps into the air. The arms were then stacked, and His 
I'-xcellency, now all smiles, ordered the gentry folk present to be 
"entertained right royally," while the humbler sort "each re- 
ceived a glass of rum or brandy with sugar." Twice that day Queen Anne proclaimed at other points in the little town 
(Vvith miore "rum and sugar," we may be sure) and at night the 
Governor gave a great feast to the leading gentry, and to the 
otilcers of the "four war-ships" that fetched to him the orders 
for the proclamation, at which loyal toasts were drunk in 
"Rhenish" and "Canary," and cannon thundered, while bugles 
and hautboys and violins played inspiriting airs. After dinner 
there was a grand display of firev/orks in front of the college 
(crowded to suffocation with the higher gentry, men and women), 
v;]iich the colonials considered magnificent, but which the 
Sv' iss traveler, with great self-complacency, declares were "not 
^vorth while seeing," affording "little diversion for one who has 
seen much more than these." 

For the whole of two days, the gay little capital was en fete, 
exerybody, gentle and simple, in high good humor, including 
tlie Indians, though 'tis sad to add that the elder of the two 
Indian Queens got very, very, 'drunk and "lay on the ground 
like an unreasonable brute," says the narrative, while the 
younger one, "timid and shy," came in to the Governor and his 
giiests as they sat over tlieir wine at his roarin'g "stag dinner" 

and "danced so wonderfully, yea, barbarously, that every one 
was astonished and laughed"; and dear king William was as 
clean forgot as if he had never come out of Holland to rule over 
the English, and, no doubt, Queen Anne continued to be "pro- 
claimed" many, many timxs (of course, unofficially, but v/ith 
the usual accompaniments of "mm and sugar"), and if there 
were the headaches of "next morning," they find 
no mention in the brisk pages of this very frank chronicler. 

A bra\'e episode bravely told. 

Quite a;;art from the narrative itself, the pen-and-inl< sketches 
accompanying it (though crude from an artistic point of view, 
as we have hinted) must prove of great interest to antiquarians, 
as m.any of the buildings depicted (e. g., the first college building 
of "William and Mary," as it was in 1702, before it was de- 
stroyed l)y fire (1705), the original "Old Bmton Church" and 
others) have long since disappeared. In addition, there is a 
map of the "Entrance to Chesapeake Bay," drawn by Michel 
and a few of his rather grotesque, yet effective, sketches of the 
Indians and their homes. 

4. Mr. David I. Bushnell, Jr. (a member of the Society and 
' widely known as an expert in Indian history in the "Bureau of 
American Etlmology") has contributed two more instalments 
of his valuable series, entitled "The Virginia Frontier in History, 
1778." The first instabnent describes the "Events Leading to 
the Treaty of Fort Pitt," and contains a large number of letters 
(never before in print) from the chief actors in the "preliminary 
negotiations," transcribed by Mr. Bushnell from the originals 
in the Library of Congress; while the second deals with the 
treaty itself and presents to us for the first time full transcrip- 
tions of tliC speeches made by the chiefs of the "Delav;ares" and 
by the Conmiissioners of the Government in the grave "pow- 
wows," which resulted in formulating "a treaty of peace and 
friendship" at Fort Pitt, September 17th, 1778. The speeches 
on both sides are intensely interesting and it is a wonder that 
they have never been published before. From a photogi-aph 
of a portion of the original treaty, kindly sent to us by Mr. 
Bushnell, we v.'ere able to reproduce facsimiles of the signatures 
of the Commissioners and of the witnesses, also of the "marks" 


vi the three "Delaware" chiefs, as they appear in the official 
copy of the treaty. Among the signatures are those of General 
Macintosh and Colonel Brodhead and of such stout Virginia 
"Indian fighters" as "the Honorable Andrevv- Lewis, the Honor- 
able Thomas Lewis," Colonel Crawford, who was captured four 
vears afterwards by the Indians and burned at the stake, and 
Colonel John Gibson, who sundved the perils of war full forty 
>'ears, and died at a ripe age in the second decade of the last 

century. . • vi 

These instalments, like the previous ones, are admirably 
annotated throughout and we venture to reiterate the hope, 
expressed in our last Report, that, when completed, the whole 
series shall be presented in book form as constituting a solid 
contribution to the eariy history of the commonwealth. 

5. "The Council Papers" (1698-1702), transcribed by our 
own copyist from the long-forgotten manuscript volume (so 
entitled) in the Virginia State Library, instalments of which 
XNC have continued to publish since 1913 to the increasing de- 
light of our readers, is now nearing conclusion with the printing 
in full of the elaborate "Reports of Col. William Byrd (the 
Inrst), Auditor General of Virginia," in which not only the de- 
lennined economic student, but the general reader as vv^ell, will 
find much that is of interest and of value. 

We may be allowed to pause a moment here and note^ that 
the January (1910) instalment of these "Papers" contains a 
letter (November, ye 11th, 1702) written by the "Enghsh 
Commissioners of Trade" to "His Excellency Francis Nicholson, 
"Governor General of Her Majesty's CoUonye and Dommion 
of Virginia," inclosing Queen Anne's Proclamation, "directing a 
I'ublick Thanlcsgiving for the Present Great Successes of Her 
Majestv's Arms by Sea and land" (i. e., in the "War of the 
Spanish Succession") "throughout England and all her Planta- 
cons in America." This letter is signed by "Yo'r very loving 
1-riends" and it is a delightful surprise to find among the signa- 
tures the name of "Mat Pr>-or— not "Matthew/' but simply 
"Mat," as he was famihariy called by his intimates— the boon- 
companion of Hariey and Bolingbroke and Pope and Swift, 
ihe last of whom seems to have been fonder of him than of any 

PROCEEDINGS. ..,..,.. ,^ :. XV 

otlicr n^.tmber of that wondrous literary coterie — not even ex- • :•^,r^' 
ceptin^ the "Papist lad," Alexander. Pope, whom the great y 

gloom}' i:can "applauded" and "petted and taught mischief," :\ 

as Thackeray neatly puts it. 

WiUiam III, whose Secretary he had been in Flanders, put ,e 

him into the Commissionshi]:) with which we are here concerned, }, 

and x\nne, on her accession, retained him in the place. d 

But w ith her death, at which time he was English i\mbassador y 

at Paris, came a sudden end to all his ambitions, and he was jf 

promptly dismissed from all his posts. is 

Thaclceiay, whose channing lecture on Prior is familiar to 
you all, is, however, mistaken when he says that "Mat" "lived 
imder a cloud ever after and disappeared in Essex." .\n 
avowed, nay, ardent, disciple of Horace (whose poems he knew 
bv heart, and always carried in his pocket wherever the fates 
might lake him), he practiced, when misfortunes came thick 
and fast, the serene jihilosophy that his Epicurean master had 
inculcated in his haunting cadences. To paraphrase the Roman 
bard a trifle, he praised Fortune while she remained, but when 
she shook her swift v/ings, he resigned with mianly fortitude 
what she had given and looked the world in the face wdth un- 
shaken fiont. He straightway issued a corrected edition of his 
poems, which brought him in the extraordinary sum of 4000 
guineas and my Lord Harley (now become Earl of Oxford) 
liaving munificently presented him with £4000 more, he pm-- 
chased the fine estate of "Down Hall" in Essex and there lived 
and died "like a gentleman." 

• No doubt, to many this will all seem an irrelevant discursus, 
but we think that there are few Virginians, "to the manner 
bom," Avho wdll not feel a thrill, however slight, of nameless 
deliglit at the thought that there exists such an interesting link 
as this letter between our "Old Dominion" and the famous 
"Queen Anne" man-of-letters, whom the poet Gay apostro- 
Ijhized as "Prior, beloved of every Muse," and whose verses 
Thackeray declares to be "among the easiest, the richest, the 
most charmingly humorous of English lyrical poems." 

6. Tlie series of ''Abstracts," made by the late W. N. Sains- 
bury, of \aluable MS. documents in the British "Public Records 


Office" dealing with Virginia matters in the seventeenth century, 
as well as the ''Complete Transcripts'' of many of these highly 
important papers (copied for the Virginia State Library and 
catalogued there under the title of the "De Janiette," "Winder," 
and "McDonald" Papers) has rmi throughout the year. These 
latest instalments cover the years 1678-79 and contain much 
matter of genuine historical import to students of the distracted 
conditions existing in Virginia during the years immediately 
subsequent to the suppression, or, rather, the collapse, of 
"Bacon's Rebellion," caused by the untim.ely death of its 
glorious young leader. Had he lived, the history of Virginia, 
from 1C76 on, would assuredly have been far dilTcrent. At any 
rate, one feels sure that Virginia VN'ould, at least, have escaped 
the distresses and exactions that cam.e upon her under the gov- 
ernorsliip of Bacon's cousin. Lord Culpeper, who proved him- 
self as grasping and as corrupt as did any "Carpet-Bag Gover- 
nor" in the South, during the infamous days of "Reconstruc- 

It is pertinent to note here that the Sainsbury's ''Abstracts" 
contain one-third more matter than is comprised in the stately published by the "Public Records Office," while the 
more important papers are for the first tim.e presented in full in 
our Magazine. The Society may well feel proud of this achieve- 
ment in the domain of historical study. 

7. "The Pittsylvania County Tithables, 1767, contributed 
by Mrs. M. E. Clement (a loyal member of the Society) has 
been concluded. We can only reiterate here our regret that 
we have not similar lists (giving the nmnber of acres of land 
owned by each resident in the county, together with the names 
of the "tithables") for all the counties in the commonwealth. 
Such lists would enable close students of comparative econo- 
mics to solve more than one vexed problem that confronts us. 

8. The publication of the "Letters of William Byrd" (the 
First), which we promised in our last Annual Report, began m 
our jtilv number. These letters, our readers will agree, not only 
throw much light on the conduct of trade between Virginia and 
the Mother Country, but afford intimate information touching 

PROCEEDINGS. ;« * I, l^'AviAi^W.. 


social and industrial life in the Colony. They have been cop 
iously annotated by our Editor, and, quite apart from thei 
economic value, not a few of them will "prove amusing reading 
to even the idlest "skimmer." 

9. Among the miscellaneous papers worthy of special men- 
tion, that have appeared in our Magazine during the year, may 
benote>i: (1) ''The Will of Colonel John Baylor of 'Newmarket/ 
Caroline County, Virginia" (proved May IGth, 1772), which • 

gives one a very vivid notion of the vast possessions and varied 
interests of a rich Virginia planter of the tim.e. He was County 
Lieutenant of Orange, v/here he held immense estates and was a 
member of the House of Burgesses for CaroHne, where he owned ) 

still broader acres. Educated in England at "Putney Grammar 
School" and at Caius College, Cambridge (as his son John was 
after him), he was a keen reader, possessed a fine hbrary, and 
could read his Virgil or Horace "with his feet on a fender." 
But he was keener still as a "gentleman racer" and breeder of 
"blooded stock," (as was the term in those da^'s), not a few of 
his horses being imported direct from England. His "racing 
stud," as the Will shows, could boast such fam.ous "blooded 
horses" as "Feamaught," "Ballad Stella," "Godolphin," 
"Sprightly," "Sober John" and many other names familiar 
to our grandsires versed in "thoroughbred" pedigrees. At his 
death, over one hundred of these thoroughbreds were sold bv 
his Executors, and it is sad to have to add that this almost 
feudal land-ov/ner, who practiced a most unbounded hospitality i 

and who every year rode in state to the meeting of the "Bur- 
gesses" }onder in WilHamsburg in his "charriot and four," left 
his great estate so involved that many of his generous bequests 
proved of little worth. 

His splendid estate of "Newmarket," however, happily re- 
mains tf. this day in the possession of his direct descendants, 
who v.oi Lhily maintain the high traditions of an honored name. 

(2) "Abstract of a Chancery Suit: President and Masters of 
the College of William and Mary vs. Frt-w^n," kindly transcribed 
for the Society from the records of the English High Court of 
Chancery by Leo Culleton, esq., of London, a well-known anti- 
quarian. This so-called "Al^stract" is really a full transcript 



of the "Bill of Complaint" brought by the President and Masters 
of William and Mary College vs: Laton Frewen, Gent., praying 
tl;e Lord Keeper of the Great Seal to compel the said Frewen 
to can-y out his agreement to purchase from the "Complainants" 
the "Capitall Messuage" known as "Braft'erton Hall," York- 
shire, which property had been originally bought by the Execu- 
tors of the Honorable Robert Boyle (the famous scientist and 
theologian) and turned over to the College, which was the chief 
beneficiary under Boyle's will. The purchase had proved un- 
satisfactory to the College authorities, so far as income was con- 
cerned, for this amounted to only £270 per annum, out of which 
had to be deducted cost of repairs and an annual charge of £v)() 
ur one-third of the whole income, which was to be devoted to the 
instruction in the Christian religion of ye natives (i. e. Indians) 
of Nev/ England. The College, therefore, offered to sell the 
[property to this Yorkshire gentleman, who closed with the offer. 
but, the Complaint alleges, "now flyes of his said Agree't." 
They pray the Court to comp^el him to stand by his bargaiii. 
It is easy for even a layman, reading between the lines of what 
"honest Jack Falstaff" v/ould call the "damnable iterations" of 
the archaic legal phraseology, to see that the whole proceeding 
is really what is commonly known as a "friendly suit in Chan- 
cery," to the end that the Court might decree "clear title" to 
the purchaser. 

Frewen practically says in his "Answer," "Soe as this Honour- 
able Court will decree a good conveyance of the fee symple of 
the said Messuage, freed from the former charityes," I stand 
ready to pay dov/n the money. 

This is not the place to go into the details of the case, but this 
"Complaint" clears up one point (meticulous, if you like), which 
seems to have been very generally misapprehended. It has 
been repeatedly and authoritatively stated in print that the 
wliole of the £90 yearly charges on the income from the "Braff- 
erton" estate was to be paid over to "The President and Fellowes 
of Harvard College in Cambridge in New England," and by 
implication, at least, that it was to be devoted to the support 
of that foundation. This is a mistake, which a careful reading 
of what is known as "The Transfer of the College of William 
and Mary" to trustees in Virginia, would have obviated. 


M> i-ii.'/AFW. 

The whole £90 was to be paid over to the "Company for 
Propagating the Gospell in New England and ye parts adjacent 
in America." The "Company" was 'to expend directly one 
moiety of this amount for the salaries of two ministers, who 
should instruct "ye natives" in those parts in the Christian 
religion. The other moiety (£45), the "Company" was to remit 
annually to the President and Fellows of Har\'ard College for 
the same purpose. 

Curiously enough, while a reference to the "Transfer" would 
have conected the mistake as to the annual sum that Harx'ard 
was to receive and disburse, a significant en-or in the printed 
text of that "Transfer" (if Mr. Culleton's transcription from the 
Chancery Records is accurate, as we feel sure it is) accounts for 
the implication that her moiety was to be devoted to Christian 
instnicLion of the Indians as students in the College. 

Tlie "Transfer" (as printed) reads, "for the salary of two 
other niinisters to teach the said natives, in or near the College, 
the Christian religion." The "Complaint of the President and 
Masters of the College of William and Alaiy vs: Frewen," 
reads, "for the sallary of two other preaching ministers to teach 
ye said natives in or near ye said Collonyes in the Christian 
ReHgion." No doubt, it practically amounted to the same 
thing, so far as the purpose of the bequest and the actual ex- 
penditure of the whole ±90 were concerned, but it is the special 
province of Historical Societies to "keep the record straight," 
in things small as well as great. 

(3) "Abstracts of Lists of Wills and Administrations from 
British Probate Courts" ("Compiled and presented" by the 
late Lotlirop Withington and by Leo Culleton, esq., of London) 
have appeared in each number of our Magazine under their 
usual title of "Virginia Gleanings in Engla^id." On Mr. With- 
ington's tragic death (to which we have already alluded in this 
Report), his fellow antiquarian, Mr. Leo Culleton of London, 
generously volunteered to take up his friend's unfinished task, 
thus enabling us to continue without inten-uption the series 
which we began as far back as January 1903. 

These wills, every one of which, we may say here, we read with 
unfailing interest, reveal so suggestively the surroundings and 


• v.- 1- 
'■ tlie 

A i 


daily activities of the Virginia Colonists and of their forebears 
in England, that it would require but small power of imagina- 
tion to reproduce from them a very vivid picture of the little 
world in which the testators lived and mioved and had their 
being — even, at times, to discern their personal characteristics, 
their ambitions and disappointm.ents. 

To the many readers, who have, no doubt, enjoyed these 
intimate contributions as miuch as v.e have, it must prove wel- 
come news that Mr. Culleton has promised to continue the 

(4) "Extracts from King Will-itvn County {Va.) Records" 
were contributed by our indefatigable friend, Mr. William B. 
Cridlin of this city, whose skill as a transcriber fully matches 
his antiquarian enthusiasm. These records have had every- 
thing to happen to them but an earthquake. Especially have 
they been grieviously damaged by a succession of fires, but, after 
the last fire, the Clerk of the County Court, with a zeal that 
cannot be too highly comimended, gathered up the torn and 
charred fragments, placed them carefully in their appropriate 
places and caused the whole (comprising several large volumes) 
to be substantially bound. When I\Ir. Cridlin shall have com- 
pleted these "Abstracts," he will have performed a sei-vice 
signally useful to historical students and most creditable to 

(5). "Extracts from the Virginia Gazette, 1732 and 1735," 
transcribed from the rare issues of that paper now on file in the 
"New York Public Library," and courteously contributed by 
Mr. Austin P. Scott, comprise many amusing "items," though 
they deal chiefly v/ith crimes and criminals. It must not be 
infen-ed from these "extracts" that crim.e was more rife, or 
criminals more num.erous, in Virginia than in the otlier colonies. 
The explanation of the almost exclusive tenor of the excerpts 
lies in the fact that Mr. Scott has been making a special study 
of crimnology in the Colonies and naturally transcribed, in chief 
measure, the "items" directly bearing on his subject. Though 
the n-ajority of tlie extracts read like a chapter out of the "New- 
</ate Calendar," a few of them deal with less sinister happ'cnings. 



(6). The Departments of "Notes and Queries," ''Book-Re- 
views" and '"Genealogy" have been maintained at their usual 
high le\el. As regards the last named, it may be pemiissible .^ 

for us to report what we deem.ed worthy of s]3ecial mention in , ^ 

our last Report — that a large proportion of our present member- 
ship is, in its origin, directly traceable to the very attractive ,^r,(f.r 
manner in which this department has been conducted. 

To Select one instance out of several, the genealogy of the ^ 

Fleming family (which we began in 1915 and which is not yet 
completed) is no miCre arid record of births, marriages and 
deaths, but rather a delightful history of a great Virginia family, 
v'liich constantly reminds one of such channing books as Dr. 
Augustus Jessopp's, "One Getieration of a Norfolk House," or 
John Russell's "The Haigs of Bemerside." , 

It not (jnly contains much matter of solid value relating to our 
Colonial and Revolutionary history, but in it are included num- 
bers of graphic letters, ranging in content, as Mr. Pope would j 
say, "from grave to gay, from lively to severe" — some dealing 
with pviblic matters and militaiy activities diiring the Revolu- 
tion, while others (to us far the most delightful) are given up 
exclusi^cl3' to intimate famiily affairs. Especially noteworthy 
amiong the latter are letters from Thomas Jefferson (then a law- 
student in Williamsburg under George Wythe) to his college- 
mate, \Villiam Fleming (destined in the coming years to be 
Judge, iirst of the General Court, and, later on, of the Superior 
Court (;f Appeals), full of delicious philosophising about matri- 
mony, in ^^hich he gives his absent friend ("Dear Will") all the 
latest gossip toucliing the bewitching belles and "pretty sparks" 
of the lively little town. Jefferson hiniself just then rev- 
elling in a very "luxury of woe" because that brilliant young 
creature, R.ebecca Burv.-ell (whom he apostrophized as "Belinda" 
and for \vhom he played his most ravishing airs on his beloved 
viohn) had, to his consternation, suddenly "changed her mind" 
and given her hand to his rival gallant, young Mr. Jacquelin 

Very l^mching, too, is the letter written by Mary Fleming 
(under date of April loth, 1777) to her uncle, Captain Charles 
Fleming of the 7tli Virginia Regiment, regarding the death of 



her brother, Captain John Fleming, who, after nearly two years 
of j^^allant service in the Continental Army, had fallen but a few 
jijoiiths before at "Princeton," while leadin;^ his re^^iment with 
such conspicvious valor as drew special praise from Washington 

The writer of this exquisite letter and her younger sister, 
Susanna Fleming, were priniae inter prinias among the reigning 
"toasts" of the brilhant society that at the time gathered in 
Williamsburg during the sessions of tlie "Assembly," and suitors 
they had in plenty. Very chamiing they must, indeed, have 
been according to some very vivacious stanzas reprinted here 
from a contemporary poem entitled ''The Belles of Williams- 
burg" (whether written by St. George Tucker or the witty Dr. 
A'IcClurg is a mooted point), in which the enraptured bard 
extols in faultless numbers the respective attractions of these 
aristocratic paragons. In these stanzas, Mary Fleming, accord- 
ing to the fashion of the time, is celebrated under the name of 
"Myrtilla," while the younger si.ster claims our hom.age as 

Whoever the poet may have been, the verses are worthy a 
l)lace in any anthology of sparlrling "vers-de-societe," and 
neither Praed nor Mr. Austen Dobson m.ight disdain to have 
signed tliem. 

As we have already stated, the book -notices have been uni- 
formly of a high degree of merit, but there is one to which we 
are impelled to drav/ esp^ecial attention, lest by any chance it 
rnay have been overlooked by some of our readers. It is a re- 
view in our January (1918) ntmiber of a volume entitled ''George 
Waskingion, Farmer: Being an Account of His Home Life a-nd 
Agricultural Pursuits. ' ' 

The author is Prof. Paul Leland Haworth, who has won no 
little distinction by various historical monograj^hs. The re- 
viewer (as all readers of the article must have instantly divined) 
is our accomplished Corresponding Secretary and Editor. The 
reviewer does not by any means approach his task after the 
manner of that truculent critic, "Mr. Bludi^er," whom Thack- 
eray has immortalized in "Pendennis," nor would his innate 
modesty ever allow him to assume the airy omniscience of 


"master Pen" himself, who, as we all remember, stood ready at 
twenty-four hours' notice to review the "Encyclopaedia" for the 
"Pall I\ [all Gazette. " On the contrary,' he pronounces the book, 
on the whole, as a very valuable and interesting work. He gives 
the autlior full credit for painstaking study of the vast mass of 
printed material bearing on Washington's home-life and agri- 
cultural activities, But, when Dr. Haworth, leaving the beaten 
path of the subjects indicated in his title, essays to discuss, 
with a certain air of "cocksureness," conditions in general exist- 
ing in Virginia at the time, the hand of the reviewer, who "knows 
his subject" as few men do, falls heavy upon him. What he 
has to say will not be pleasant reading to Dr. Haworth, but it 
may "i-rove a blessing in disgiiise," as we are told most of the 
disagreeable things in life really are. 

The author quotes Martha Washington (p. 49) as saymg that 
she "remembered a time when there was only one coach in Vir- 
ginia." Whereupon, our amiable reviewer sweetly remarks, 
"If she said this, she was at the time in a state of mental debility 
of wliieh there is no other record." 

Then follows an array of evidence from w ills, appraisements 
and such like records touching the number of coaches in the 
colony long before Martha ^Vashington was old enough to 
remember anything— evidence that has been accessible for 
years in the pages of our .Magazine and of the "Wilhani and 
Mary Ouarierly," which must convince every reader that it 
would have been well for Dr. Haworth to have gone to the 
records instead of accepting without investigation such loose 
and (most probably) apocryphal statements. 

So, in regard to the author's ignorance as to the breeding of 
' "blooded", horses in Virginia and the extent of sheep-raising 
among Colonial planters. One would have thought that a his- 
torical student of Dr. Haworth's repute would, at least, have 
consulted Dr. Philip Alexander Bmce's monumental "Econmmc 
History of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century" (which is cer- 
tainly accessible in almost all libraries) before writing on such 
subjects. Had he done so, he would have been spared these 
mortifying blemishes in an otherwise admirable book. 



"The blessing in disguise" (which we have so feelingly alluded 
lu above) may turn out to be that the "new school" of historical 
writers (to which Prof. Haworth belongs) may, hereafter, turn 
lo an earnest study of Dr. Bruce's volumes and of the transcripts 
from original records printed in the pages of our Magazine and 
m those of the "Williuni and Mary Quarterly," before they ven- 
ture to write with an ex cathedra air concerning conditions, 
social, commercial and agricultural, in our "Old Dominion" 
drd'ing the Colonial period. 

We m^ake no apology for giving this extended summary of the 
contents of our Magazine for 1916, because we are satisfied that 
rrany of our members, immersed in business or hard driven by 
professional demands upon their time, are scarcely conscious 
(il the many "good things," by turns dehghtful and of grave 
ih.port, that are contained within the gray covers of each 
(iuartcrl)' issue. 

Our iLditor's programme for 1917, subject, of course, to some 
b.mor alterations, is as follows: 

The ''Minutes of the Ccuncil and General Court," the ''Sains- 
h..ry Abstracts," the ''Complete Transcripts," the "Letters of 
\Villiard Byrd," the ''Virginia Gleanings," and the "Extracts 
ironi King William County {Va.) Records," will nin continuously 
throughout the \\hole year. 

The "Council Papers" (1(198-1702) will be finished early in the 
) v-ar. 

The "Extracts from the Virginia Gazette" (1752-1755) will be 
concluded in our January number. 

In the same number will be published an article by Mr. David 
I. Bushnell, Jr., entitled "Daniel Boone at Limestone" (the 
ii.odern IMaysville, Ky.), 1780-1787. This article (illustrated 
by a fac simile page of Boone's accounts, v.hich he called his 
"Indian Book") contains doctm-.ents of great interest, never 
Lcfore published, relating to economic conditions on the frontier 
i-i" Virginia five years before the "District of Kentucky" was 
ejected into a separate state. Mr. Bushnell makes handsome 
arknowledgments in this paper to Mr. Earl G. Swem of the Vir- 
;:'iiia vState Library for having "called his attention to items 


(manuscript accounts in the State archives) once belonging to 
that most romantic and typical character- of frontier hfe, Daniel 
Boone." Other contributions of like character have been 
kindly promised by the same author. 

''Letters and Petitions," covering the period immediately 
]Jrecedinl,^ and during, the Revolution, transcribed from the 
originals in the State Archives (publication of which has been 
unavoidably suspended for several years) will be resumed during 
the year 

Other valuable letters from our own manuscript collections 
will be published. 

The Departments of "Book-Reviews," "Notes and Queries" 
and "Genealogy" will, of course, be continued as usual. 

Again v, e venture to draw the attention of our members to the 
urgent need of a "General Index" to our Magazine. The year 
1917 will see the completion of our XXVth volume, and, while 
each volume already contains a carefully prepared index, a 
"General Index" (both "subject" and "name," with minute 
cross-references) to the whole twenty-live volumes would be an 
inestimable boon both to the general reader and to historical 
students. The demand for such an index comes to us from all 
ciuarters. But an undertaking of such magnitude is, at present, 
l)eyond the m.eans of the Society, and, if this "General Index" 
is to be jjrinted eariy in 1918, it can only be done through in- 
dividual subscriptions. One of the officers of the Society is so 
impressed with the imperative need of this Index, that he has 
volunteered to subscribe one hundred dollars towards its prepa- 
ration and publication. It is hoped that a goodly number of 
others interested in Virginia history will speedily follow his 

Written promises of subscriptions (whether of large or small 
amounts.) should be sent to the Corresponding Secretary, 707 
E. Franldin St., Richmond, Virginia. 

To the whole active staff of the Society, your Committee 
tenders its grateful acknowledgments for the zeal, fidelity and 
intelligence with which they have each performed their respec- 
tive duties. But it is only just (and not one of his collaborators 
Avill deeiri it invidious) that we should emphasize in a special 




tli-J''.'. manner the steadily increasing debt of gratitude that we all 

;;^, owe to our Corresponding Secretary, whose erudition, industry 
and single-minded devotion to the Society have achieved for it 

r Lhe high repute it enjoys today among historical students at 

.j-w home and abroad. This is not merely the opinion of those of us, 

i' V. who work in conjunction with him and enjoy the privilege of his 

tht- ..V personal friendship, but it is the measured verdict of scholars 

^';--:;!i everywhere, who are competent to appreciate his conspicuous 

•r' ,';;■/ services in the domain of historical investigation. 

Life Members. 
Hon. Seth Low, New York City. 

Annual Members. 

ai! . 'V ■ St. George Tucker Coalter Bryan, Richmond, Virginia. 

firUu « George Cameron, Petersburg, Virginia. 

W. : ■ '. Alexander Hamilton, Petersburg, Virginia. 

Miss Anne Harvie, Richmond, Virginia. 
Bryan Lathrop, Chicago, Illinois. 
Edward Lunsford Lomax, San Francisco, California. 
Colonel John B. Purcell, Richmond, Virginia. 
Miss Kate Mason Rowland, Richmond, Virginia. 
■ . A. D. Slaughter, Chicago, Illinois. 

ti'nUj a :.-..! J. H. Spencer, Martinsville, Virginia, 
li' Raphael Semmes, Savannah, Georgia. 

: Mrs. Maurice Thompson, Chicago, Ilhnois. 

"This fell sergeant, Death, is strict in his arrest," and ours 
is again the sad duty to chronicle an appalling necrology. 

Of some of these we can make no adequate record by reason 
of lack of personal knowledge, holding tiiat conventional eulogy, 
which never rings true, is repellent to all men and women of 
deep feeling and delicate sensibilities. 

Others of them filled so large a place in the public eye and, 
in consequence, received at their death such elaborate apprecia- 
tions of their varied activities that it would seem like painting 

^ voh 


the lily or gilding refined gold for vis to seek to add aught to these 
sympathetic memorials written by far more competent hands. 
To this latter group belongs the Hon. Seth Low of New York 
City, the only one of ovir "Life Members," whose name "the 
sudden hand of death" has stricken from the roll. 

For full forty years, he played a great and honorable part in 
the educational and civic life of the nation— President of a 
great Uni\'ersity, whose affairs he administered with consum- 
mate skill and of which he was a most munificent benefactor- 
chief magistrate of the metropolitan city of our country— dele- 
gate to the Hague Conference in 1899— trustee of the "Carnegie 
Institute"— President of numberless "learned societies" (scien- 
tific, socujlogical, geographical and archaeological) — honored 
by the leading universities at home and abroad with their high- 
est degrees— recognized as a publicist of the first rank and as an 
enlightenixl philanthropist, princely in his benefactions, not only 
to the various activities of his own ancient communion, but to 
all civic enterprises dedicated to the betterment of his humbler 
fellow-citizens— devoting years of unselfish and unremitting 
labor to each and all of them— what wonder that, when the end 
came, press and pulpit pronounced eulogies on such a noble and 
beneficent career that were informed throughout with that note 
of unaffected grief which conventional sorrow has no skill to 

We can (jnly set down here that he was greatly interested in 
the work oi this Society, and it may be allowed us to add that, 
quite apart from all his splendid civic virtues, he was in private 
life a most gracious and delightful companion, as some of us still 
remember who enjoyed the privilege of entertaining him under 
our own roof-tree, and, in turn, were the recipients of his ov/n 
cordial he sj^itality. 

Of the "Annual Members," those of us who are citizens of 
Richmond, and who know aknost equally well our sister city of 
Petersburg, cannot fail to mark with poignant personal sorrow 
how many of our oldest and dearest friends in each place are 
included in the dread list. 

One of the most lovable of them all was St. George Bryan, a 
brother of our fomier President, whose vivid personality and 



illimitable sweetness of disposition won him affectionate wel- 
come alike among the lofty and the lowly. 

He was full of ingenuous "prejudices" (which some of us 
shared to the full) and of scarcely less delightful eccentricities, 
which made him irresistibly attractive. His mind was acvite 
and distinctly speculative (save in matters of religion), and, 
though the greater part of his life was spent in the jjractical 
< )ut-door w^ork of his profession, he in some way found time to 
compass a wide range of reading, and constantly astonished his 
friends by his keen and enlightened interest in subjects little 
1 uown to the average man, and by his intimate acquaintance 
Aviili "many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore," 
of Nvhich they knew scarcely more than the bare title. 

In his "hot youth," as Shakespeare hath it, he had worn 
with honor his country's gray as a private soldier in the 
"Second Company" of the Richmond Howitzers, in which com- 
inand he served until lie had the ill-luck to be severely wounded 
in the disastrous battle of "Sailor's Creek," April 6th, 1S65, 
just three days before "the Surrender" at Appomattox. He 
Was carried to "Carysbrook," his father's plantation on "the 
iijipcr James," where, after his wound had healed, he settled 
(l.wn for several years assisting his father in the management 
of that historic estate. But life in the country at that time, 
v/lien the ravages of war had not yet been repaired, was too 
tciiely and monotonous to a man of his restless spirit, and so for 
a period he entered upon a business life, where he made some 
money, not mucli, yet enough to pay his expenses at college. 
and, though now thirty, he entered in 1873 the scientific 
sivie of the University of Virginia. Having fitted himself there 
]>y hard study to become a mining engineer, after a brief space, 
he fared forth to seek his fortunes in the far West — mining and 
"prospecting" in several states and territories. Many were the 
.stirring scenes in which he took part among the Indians of 
Nevada or of Idaho, the rough miners of California, and, as he 
l.nshed northward, among the natives of Vancouver. These 
adventures, as well as his war-experiences, he was fond of re- 
counting to his intimates, always modestly and without a 
shadow of self-exploitation. In addition, he was possessed of a 

Ay:x PROCEEDINGS, r-'r 11 WlA^,Ay,lKK. XXIX 

large fund of racy and intimate anecdote (of course, unpub- 
lished) of his close kinsmen (John Randolph of Roanoke, St. 
George Tucker and other "worthies"), whose names are still :!'.'i'. ,) 
famous in Virginia annals. 

In his intercourse with his fellow-men he was thoroughly ot tht: 
democratic, but he never forgot the ''noblesse oblige" of his h.;>n>>r- 

The influences that, in chief measure, colored his whole life, 
whether in act or utterance, were his deep and fervid (though 
never ol^ti-usive) piety and his unshaken loyalty to what is 
now-a-days termed the "Lost Cause." As regards the former, 
it is no \\'hit an exaggeration to declare that from youth to old 
age his was the unquestioning faith of a little child, and he be- 
lieved with all the passion of his loyal soul that the Confederate 
cause \A'ns an altogether righteous cause and held steadfastly 
that it vras not good that a righteous cause should perish from 
the eartli. With his strong rehgious faith, it v/as "all a mys- 
tery^" tliat the result should have been what it Vvas, but no 
amount of argument could convince him that it was a "Lost 
Cause," Init, always and forever, a cause "strong with the 
strength i>i Tnith and immortal with the immortality of 
Right." If ever the famous line of the Roman stoic was appli- 
cable to any mortal among men of our generation, it was to him : 

"VicTRix CAUSA Deis placuit, sed victa Catoni." 
He will be best remembered for what he really was— one of 
the best types of the old-fashioned "Tide-Water Virginian," 
with a real genius for friendship and hospitality, of high and 
generous courage, saturated with what the outside world calls 
"provincialism," but what is to us that splendid "provincial- 
ism," of his time and of his breed, which makes a man, according 
to Tenn}'son's immortal dictum, really "the best cosmopolite." 
He ne^■er married, but passed the last years of his life con- 
tently among his books and in the companionship of his closest 
kinsmen, v/ho gave him a responsive affection, that made his 
old age singularly serene and happy. 

He died at the home of his nephew. Judge Daniel Grinnan, a 
member of our Executive Committee, on April 5th, 19 IG, in the 
seventy-third year of his age. 



-mi r 


Another of our friends, whose familiar face and figure shall 
long be missed upon our streets, is Col. John i3. Purcell, whose 
(|uiet humor, frank manners and consistent kixidliness endeared 
him to a host of friends here and elsewhere. 

His career could not, perhaps, in the strictest sense of the 
teirm, be reckoned an eventful one, yet was his long and honor- 
able life so crowded with beneficent activities and so distin- 
^niished by solid achievement, that his place is assured among 
the most sterling of our "Virginia Worthies." 

Only in outline 'may we venture to sketch here the salient 
features of that busy life, for his comjnercial and financial 
acliievenjcnts, noteworthy as they were, have been recounted 
elsewhere in detail by his business associates, who naturally, 
can speak witli a degree of authority, touching that side of his 
career, which we can in no measure pretend to. 

Of the personal side of the man alone can we venture to speak 
liere, our \\an-ant for the attempt being an unbroken friendship 
extending over half a century. 

John Barry Purcell, son of John Purcell and Martha 
Webb, his wife, was bora in this city, September 17th, 1849. 
The m.other, a woman of liigh intelligence and lovely disposition, 
was a da'jghter of that fine old "sea-dog," Commodore Thomas 
T. Webb, C)f the United States Navy, who had made a gallant 
i-ecord for liimself in the "War of T2", and, afterwards, in the 
"Algerian War," and who died in his native Norfolk about 
eight years i)ri()r to the "War between the States." 

The father, in mans- of his traits a typical Irishman (as he 
was by bJood, though not by birth) is still well remembered 
by our older citizens as a merchant of high integrity, who in his 
acquisition of fortune nev^er forgot "the Golden Rule" — given 
to profuse hospitality, distinguished for his public spirit and of 
such 0]5en-handed generosity that, though a devoted Catholic, 
he gave with equal liberality to all charities, whether Protestant 
or those of his own ancient communion. 

As is the inexorable experience of life, the remembrance of 
this kindly, high-spirited, father must inevitably, with the 
[jassing of years, have first grown dim and then have sunk into 
oblivion, but for one of his impulsive acts of princely generosity, 

tiOM^ T^H: 


which shall assuredly keep alive his name so long as shall endure 
the fame oi the "Army of Northern Virginia." 

In the beginning of April, 18G1, an artillery company was 
recmited in this city, and offered for instant service to stout 
old John Letcher, "Virginia's War-Governor." But the state 
lacked the guns, horses, uniforms and other necessary equipment 
of a light iKittery, and could only hold otit to the company vague 
l^romises for the future. The ardent young recruits were in 
des]3air, when the generous and patriotic old merchant stepped 
into the l>reach and offered to equip the whole battery in the 
most thorough fashion out of his own pocket. Great was the 
ioy of the young volunteers, who, by acclaim, named the battery 
for their munificent patron, chose, at his suggestion, Lindsay 
Walker as their captain, and gaily marched away, very proud 
of the fact ihat "the Purccll" was the first light battery to leave 
Richmond for "the front." 

This battery was destined to win within the next four years 
an austere glory, which made its name a household word through- 
(nit the army and the state. But at what an appalling price!— 
the price that "the post of honor" ever exacts. Always skil- 
fully handled in the presence of the enemy, it yet lost two hund- 
red and f..4ty-one men killed and wounded in action. Twice 
were its depleted ranks filled up by large drafts from the re- 
cruiting dcj;ots, and not a few young volunteers, as they became 
of military age, flocked to its colors, eager to take service in a 
command that had won such fame. Of the original one hundred 
and twenty five cannoneers, who had so blithely entrained for 
Acquia Creek in April 18(il, only five were left when Grant, 
on May 23rd, 1864, attemj^ted to force the passage of the North 
Anna at "Jericho Ford." One of the five fell on that glorious 

In all soberness, it might justly have inscribed on its rent and 
grimy battle-flag the single word "Ubique," for it enjoys the 
distinction (imique, so far as we know) of having taken part 
(and most heroic part according to the official reports of Lee, 
Jackson and A. P. Hill) in every general action delivered by the 
"Army of Northern Virginia" from the time Lee assiuned com- 
mand at Se\^en Pines up to the sun-ender at Appomattox Court- 



If you will study the Virginia campaigns in the voluminous 
"War Records," or read the masterly and entrancing history 
of the artillery of Lee's army, 'which Colonel Jennings C. Wise 
has recently published under the title of "The Long Arm of 
Lee," you will see that this is no mere extravagance of rhetoric. 

At "First Manassas," under Lindsay Walker, afterwards 
Chief of Artillery of A. P. Hill's Corps, the battery rendered 
eflicient service— Walker received his majority and was given 
a battalion early in '62, and William Johnson Pegram, a lad of 
nineteen, reserved almost to shyness, of grave, yet gracious, 
bearing, scion of one of Richmond's oldest families, became its 

It was under Pegram that it was destined to win its great 
renown. Very gentle and courteous he was in private inter- 
course, but his discipline, like his resolution, was iron, and his 
men feared him, yet loved him, and obeyed his slightest sign in 
desperate and critical events like children. They were im- 
mensely proud of the battery and their admiration knew no 
bounds for their young captain's absolute contempt of danger. 

As time went on, Pegram became major and battalion-com- 
mander—then lieutenant-colonel, and finally in 1864, full 
colonel of artillery (one of the eight officers of that grade in the 
whole artillery corps of Lee's army), but he would never let 
"the Purcell" leave him. To the disastrous end. fraught with 
so much mournful glory, it remained part of his superb bat- 
talion, and when he himself fell amid his blackened guns in the 
ill-starred battle of "Five Forks" (the last pitched fight of the 
war) and the news flashed down the lines, scores of these griz- 
zled veterans broke down and sobbed like children. 

Such was "the old Purcell," as these rough soldiers fondly 
called the battery, and we, the surviving few, who, in those 
brave old days served under Pegram in that famous battalion, 
careless of w^hether all this be regarded as an irrelevant excursus, 
cannot choose but uncover, when the name of "Purcell" is 
called, and reverently salute the mighty shades of those grimy 
cannoneers, v.-ho fought their guns like men and did not grudge 
to die for hearth and home and country. 


But, in truth, it is not "irrelevant," for the constant mention 
of tlie Lattery in official despatches, and in the press naturally 
had a tremendous influence on the little lad, who bore the same 
name, lie was only in his twelfth year, when the war began, 
but he entreated to be allowed to "go" in some capacity. This 
was, of course, too absurd to listen to, yet it was fated that, in 
a measiire, he should have his heart's desire before he was 
(if teen. By dint of persistent pleas, he was allowed in 18G3 to 
enlist in Company G, of Colonel McAnemy's regiment of 
"Forces for Local Defence." This regiment, composed of boys 
and department clerks, was officially attached to the brigade 
of heavy artillerymen garrisoning the "Richmond Defences" 
luider command of Brigadier-General Custis Lee, but it was 
understood that it was only to be called upon for service in case 
of great emergency. This emergency came at the beginning of 
March of the next year, when a strong body of veteran horse- 
men under young Colonel Ulrich Dahlgren essayed to break 
througli the outer defences of the town, release the Federal pri- 
soners at "Belle Isle," bum the city, and put to death Mr. Davis 
and his cabinet. This was what is known as the "Dahlgren 
Raid," and to young Purcell's great and lasting delight he took 
active part in the trenches in repelling the invaders. (The 
"curious" can read the details of the daring, yet abortive, at- 
tempt in \'ol. XXXIII of the "War Records"). 

In May following, he was made first sergeant of his company, 
which shows that he was even then a good soldier, and a few 
months later he was detailed as "courier" at the head-quarters 
of Custis Lee, who had been raised to the rank of JVIajor-General 
and assigned command of all the outlying troops about the city. 
including the forces at Drewry's Bluff and Chapin's Farm. Lee 
took a fancy to the gallant little fellow, who was always ready 
to carr}' (n-ders anywh.ere, and Purcell, in after years, never tired 
of recounting the many acts of consideration and kindness that 
he receiA'cd at the hands of that knightly soldier and gentleman. 

While tlius serving, it was again his good fortune to take part 
in several minor "affairs," and it is safe to say that the many 
honors that came to him in his maturer years were as nothinj,^ 
in his eyes in comparison with the proud reflection that it had 

-o ^ .^ 


been allowed him in early boyhood to "serve the State upon the 
outer works." 

But his active soldiering was now over, for at the end of Dec. 
'G4, having received an appointment to a cadetship at the "Vir- 
ginia Military Institute," he was ordered to report to the Super- 
intendent of that institution. 

As many of the older men here will recall,. the renegade Major- 
General David Hunter, U. S. A., had wantonly destroyed, in the 
previous June, the academic buildings, library, laboratories and 
scientific apparatus of the "Institute," and the cadets (boys 
mostly under military age) were doing duty in the trenches 
near this city. After the evacuation of Richmond, April 2nd, 
'65, the corps was disbanded, and it was many, many months 
before the famous military- school could be re-opened, even 
in rudest fashion, and academic study be resumed. 

It is enough to say here that its rehabilitation was accom- 
l.aished through the persistent energy and devotion of its able 
Superintendent, General Francis H. Smith, and that young 
Purcell entered the third class there in January 1866 and grad- 
uated, well up in his class,, in 1868. 

On his graduation he returned to Richm.ond and began his 
business career in the long established wholesale drug house of 
Purcell, Ladd & Company, of which his father and his uncle 
CMr. Ladd) were the controlling partners. 

From that time on, it m.ay be fairly said, he had an unbroken 
success. For reasons already intimated, it is not our pur];ose 
to dv/ell upon his business activities. 

But it is noteworthy that, though he ever disdained to exploit 
hiiiiself, in everything that claimed his energies and interest 
he always "arrived," and "at the top." 

At the "Institute," he became cadet captain in the corps, and, 
in after years, was one of the most efficient members of its 
"Board of Visitors." 

He entered the "First Virginia Regiment" in this city as 
captain, and soon became its colonel. He joined the "Rich- 
mond Clearing House," the "Richmond Chamber of Com^- 
merce," and the "Amxcrican Wholesale Druggist Association," 
and became President of all three. 

X 7211 ^^>^ 

In 1887, he became a Director in the "First National Bank" 
of this city (destined to develop into one of the most powerful 
institutions in the whole South), became Vice-President in 1897, 
and its President in 1904, holding that position when he died. 

Such "honors" are not "accidents," nor can they be explained 
by the occult influence of "the interests," which is the "blanliet" 
explanation offered by that eminent financier, Mr. William 
Jennings Bryan, when his best-laid schemes gang aft a-gley. 

They come to the man whom his associates instinctively 
recognize as one fitted above his fellows to compel success. 

What is called "public life" had no attractions for him and he 
steadily refused to be a candidate for political office. 

But whenever the "solid men" of Richmond gathered in con- 
ference to discuss large public interests or to consider legislation 
that they deemed imperative for the material and economic 
welfare c-f city or state, his counsel was always sought, and in- 
variably lie v/as placed upon the committees to whom was en- 
trusted tlie task of preparing the proposed legislation and of 
submitting it to the "Solons" gathered in solemn conclave on 
"Capitol Hill," whether here or in Washington. 

The li^it of these committees on which he served (far too long 
to be repeated here) testifies in no mean measure to his unflag- 
ging zeal in furthering the financial and commercial upbuilding 
oi community and commonwealth. 

Ke had "'an infinite capacity for taking pains," and, when the 
complex details of some big financial "proposition" had to be 
unravelled, he would never let go until he had thoroughly 
mastered the problem. 

His kni-jvvledge of banking was gained, in chief measure, by 
jiractical, every-day, experience, and he probably knew little 
more of what is called "the science of finance" than the average 

But his great strength lay in his fine judgment of men, in a 
certain intuitive sagacity in discerning special ability in those 
associated with him and in utilizing that ability by assigning 
its possessors to positions for which they were peculiarly fitted. 

When he spoke in public, his utterances were always listened 
to with marked respect. He stated a case well and had the gift 

■J ■},(.;■! 


of saying what he meant. However much men might differ 
with him in opinion, they knew that they would, at least, hear 
no nonsense. He made no pretense to being what is termed an 
"orator," but, he spoke without embarrassment and, as we have 
liinted, with lucid precision. On occasion, when greatly moved 
by m.emories of "the Cause" he so ardently loved, he rose to 
i-eal eloqitence, as witness the fine address he deHvered at Tappa- 
hannock some years ago, when he presented to the county of 
Essex the handsome tablet given by his wife in mxmory of her 
uncle, General Richard Brooke Garnett, who fell at the head of 
his brigade of Virginians in Pickett's imm.ortal charge at Gettys- 

In 1872 he married Miss Charlotte Olympia Williamson, 
daughter of Colonel Thomas M. Williamson, Professor of 
Engineering at "the Institute." 

There are certain relations in life too sacred, as a rule, to be 
touched upon in public, but, perhaps, it may be allowed us, 
witliout unduly offending the sensibilities of those nearest and 
dearest to him, to say simply that the union was an ideal one 
in its unclouded happiness. 

In the social life of tlie city, in his clubs and elsewhere, he 
was a most amusing and delightful companion, for he knew how 
to play hard as well as work hard, had a great deal of humor and 
could always "cap" a good story by a better one. 

He was a constant reader in many directions and was specially 
well informed regarding the Confederate war. In simple truth, 
all matters pertaining to the Confederacy went straight to his 
licart, and he was ever eager in his support by pen, purse, or 
utterance of all organizations that had for their object the 
l)reser\'ation of the memories and history of that mjomcntous 
struggle. He was an active member of "Lee Camp of Confed- 
erate Veterans," of the "Virginia Ijivision of the Army of 
Northern Virginia," was on the "i^dvisory Board" of the "Con- 
federate Museum," in this city, and was especially delighted 
when elected an "Honorary Member" of the "Pegram Battalion 
Veteran Association." 

In these latter days of strenuous hfe when the Osier a[^e-limit 
is the acceiJled one, he >Aas, no doubt, what the world would 


reckon an old man, for he had reached the age of sixty-seven, 
yet, until the last six months of his life, -he was so full of initia- 
tive and of vitality, that when the unexpected news of his death 
came, all those who really knew him well felt a great shock 
as at a hfe cut off in its prime. 

He bore the last few months of his illness with characteristic 
courage and cheerfidness, and, it is an abiding consolation to his 
old friends to know that, when the final summons came at Lex- 
ington, Virginia (whither he had gone for the summer with his 
family), on the morning of September 24:th, 1916, the end was 
altogether free of pain. 

Doubtless, some of you remember that ours was the sad 
office to announce at our last "Annual Meeting" the death of 
our old friend, Alexander Cameron, long one of the most promi- 
nent citizens of this community and to attemjit, on that occa- 
sion, an estimate of his life and character. 

In that inadequate sketch, mention was made that he was one 
of the three very remarkable brothers, William, Alexander and 
George, who came to Virginia from Scotland some seventy-five 
years ago with their widowed mother and settled in Petersburg. 
William has long since been dead, Alexander died in February, 
1915, and now George the youngest of the three has followed 
them to what is called in their beautiful old vScotch speech the 
"Land o' the Leal." 

What the descendants of such a man as George Cameron will 
most wish to know in the coming time is not what were the 
special activities in which he engaged during his long and honor- 
able career, but what manner of man, in his daily walk and con- 
versation, was this ancestor, who, starting at the foot of the 
ladder and confronted by obstacles that would have shaken a 
less resolute spirit, yet climbed to the top, and achieved not 
merely a great financial success, but became through sheer force 
of character a potent factor in the moral and social life of the 
community in which he lived. 

Such information we shall endeavor to set down here in 
simplest fashion, and with such impartiality as may be given one, 
who for over fifty years was honored by his close friendship. 
We may say at the outset that we make no pretence to that 


Studied detachment and cold analysis, which numb alike the 
heart and the hand of the limner; holding firm to the conviction 
(regardless of what the disciples of Froude may urge) that no 
one is fitted to portray, justly and truthfully, the life and 
character of a contemporary unless he sincerely loved and ad- 
mired the man he v/ould depict. 

The facts in his life are briefly these: 

George Cameron, youngest son of Alexander Cameron and 
Elizabeth Grant, his wife, was bom on April 23rd, 1839, near 
Grantown, a small Highland village in Invemesshire. On the 
death of his father, when he was but two years old, he and his 
lirothers came to Virginia with their mother, a woman of strong 
sense and of great decision of character, and settled in Peters- 
burg. After brief schooling, the tv/o older boys began their 
business career in the great tobacco factory of Mr. David Dun- 
lop, a "brither Scot," to whom they were greatly attached to 
the end of his days. 

George, meanwhile, was growing apace, and, when ten years 
(jld, was sent back to Scotland to his mother's brother, John 
Grant, who placed him at one of those admnrable "Parish 
Schools," for which Scotland was so justly celebrated in the old 
days. There he remained until he was fifteen, when he retumecii 
to Petersburg, and, as his brothers had done, entered the 
•'Dunlop factory" to learn the mysteries attending the "manip- 
ulation" of what Cowpcr (just as might be expected) calls 
the "pernicious weed." After a few years, the elder brothers 
determined to go into business for themselves, and George 
joined them in a short time, but not as yet as an equal partner. 
All three were masters of their craft, shrewd, energetic, enter- 
prising, and their business from the start prospered greatly. 
William was reckoned a man of "vision" (as the phrase is just 
now) and, no doubt, was at first and, indeed, for some years after- 
wards, the directing genius of their enterprises, while Alexander 
and George were regarded as essentially "conservative." In 
the final outcome, "conservatism," as is usual, had the best of it. 
Some twenty years ago, when all of them had become rich men, 
William withdrew from the firm with a large fortune and for a 
time seemed to enjoy wliat is called "elegant leisure." But 



his restless temperament soon impelled him (this time alone) 
to enter upon new business ventures of alluring promise, and, 
when his money "vanished into thin air," men (as is the way 
of the world) no longer spoke of him as "a man of vision," but 
as "a visionary man." He was full of bright-eyed obsen^ations, 
had travelled all over the world and seen everybody and every- 
thing, "camps and courts," and the surviving few who recall his 
brilliant con\'ersational powers and his gracious, warm-hearted 
hospitality, will ever remember him with genuine affection and 

But we are anticipating. 

George Cam.eron, when not yet twenty-two, and possessed 
of only a slender stipend, fell in love, as young men will do, even 
the "canniest" of Scotchmen, and, taking his courage in both 
hands, resolved, like another romantic Scot, of famous memory, 
to put his fate "to the touch," and so proposed marriage to one 
of the loveliest girls in Petersburg. And the maid, with the 
courage of perfect love that casteth out fear, bravely said "Yes" 
to the ardent wooer, and so, on March 13th, 1861, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Helen Dunn, daughter of Thomas R. Dunn and of 
Helen Spooner, his wife. 

Apart from all "romantic" considerations, it was. indeed, a 
lucky stroke for him, for she was a young woman of exception- 
ally fme sense, and her wise administration of household affairs 
in their early m.arried life and her intuitive counsel in larger 
matters, as time went on, proved no mean factor in his saccess- 
fid career. 

In little over a month after their marriage, the storm of war 
broke, rmd nowhere throughout the whole South did the "war 
fever" beat higher than in the gallant little "Cockade City," 
which, with a population of less than ten thousand whites, sent 
eighteen full companies— infantry, cavalry and artillery— to 
what is called to-day, "the firing line"— in those days, simply, 
"the front." 

Thoui-h George Cameron remained a British subject all his 
life, never becoming "naturalized," his devotion to his adopted 
state was deep and strong, and he at once enrolled himself in 
Wolfe's company of the "Local Defense Battalion," commanded 


by gallant old Fletcher Archer of the Petersburg bar, who had 
years agone won his spurs on the fields of Mexico 

It was as a simple private in this command that he took part 
in the glorious action of June 9th, 1864, at the "Rives House" 
near Petersburg, when one hundred and twenty-five of the old 
men and boys of Petersburg, behind hastily-constructed earth- 
works covering a front of above six htijidred yards, repelled the 
assaults of Kautz and his thirteen hundred picked troopers, and 
so saved Petersburg. All of his com.rades agree that Cameron 
fought as stubbornly as men of his race always fight when the 
''pcrjerviduni jecur Scotorum" possesses them. One fourth of 
that devoted little band fell killed and wounded on that field, 
and there is a glamour of pathetic glory about that fierce com- 
bat, which shall cause it (like "Newmarket") to live in song and 
story when many of the world's great battles are forgot; 

Unluckily, Cameron's company, on the left, was completely 
enveloped by the superior forces of the enemy, who, attack- 
ing fiank and rear, captured nearly two score of the Confederates 
(Cam.eron among them), whom they succeeded in carrying off as 

Among others captured with Cameron at the time was An- 
thony M. Keiley, aftenvards mayor of this city, nominated by 
Cleveland as U. S. Aiinister, first to Italy and then to Austria, 
long dean of the "International Court" at Cairo, whom many 
of us remember as one of the most brilliant men of his day — a 
sort of "admirable Crichton" — lawyer, editor, orator and man- 
of-Jettcrs. A veteran officer of Lee's amiy, Keiley happened 
to be at the time in Petersburg "on leave," and, of course, vol- 
unteered (like the gallant soul that he was) to sei-\-e that day as 
a private in Archer's commiand. 

After his return from captivity, he wrote (within a few 
months) in his apparently careless, yet inimitable, style, an 
account of the fight and of the subsequent hardships and need- 
less cruelties, which he and Cameron experienced in the "prison- 
pen," first at Point Lookout, and, later on, at Elmira, New York. 

This miodest little volume, long since "out of print," is, no 
doubt, practically unknown to this generation, but it is one of 
those genuine "liuman documents" that can never altogether 

. ^.-jj^ PROCEEDINGS \ :/,?"=•:- xU 

die — a fit companion volume, indeed, to the "Adventures of 
Captain Jack Kincaid of the Rifle Brigade," though far superior 
to the latter in literary distinction. 

On November 18th, '04, after over five months of captivity, 
Cameron was safe back in Petersburg. 

Within a few months the war was over, and, slowly at first, 
but sunly, the industrial and commercial life of Virginia and 
of the whole South awoke and began to beStir itself again. It 
should be stated just here that, as early as 1802, the Camerons, 
in addition to their regular business, had made bold ventures in 
"blockade running," steadily reaping a golden harvest from 
that time on imtil Wilmington, N. C, and other Southern ports 
were "sealed" in '04. They were shrewd and sensible enough 
to deposit the enormous returns from these ventures in Eng- 
land, so that the end of the war found them with solid credit 
at home and al)road, which few, if any. Southern firms could 

These keen-witted young Scots, as you can readily imagine, 
were not slow to seize the chance thus oftered to their enter- 
])rising spirit, and then began that wondrous expansion of their 
business.embracing two hemispheres— branch houses under vary- 
ing Cam.eron titles, or subsidary firms controlled by them, in 
Richmond, Louisville, Liverpool, London, Melbourne, Sydney. 
Adelaide and Brisbane, the last four concerns supplying seventy- 
live per cent of the manufactured tobacco consumed in India and 
the Australian Colonies. This expansion, developed gradually 
and conducted with the traditional Scotch caution, required a 
good many years for its achievement, but, looking back now 
and vie^^■ing it as a whole, the story reads like some chapter out 
of "Monte Christo'' or the "Arabian Nights." 

In 1883, in the midst of these strenuous activities, he suffered 
a grievous blow in the death of his wife, who for some years had 
been an invalid. He bore the blow with characteristic fortitude 
and the incessant demands upon every waking moment of his 
lim.e (for he was now sole manager of the great "home factories" 
in Petersburg) kept him from morbid brooding. He loved work 
for work's sake, was a man of powerful physique and his con- 
stitutioncd industry had become through rigid training a habit, 


which remained immutable after he had passed his three score 
and ten. Sydney Smith once said of a friend of his that "he 
had an ungovernable passion for work." The whimsic^il ex- 
aggeration of the witty divine was almost the literal tmth in 
Cameron's case. 

His work heartened him, his frit^ndships cheered him, and 
gradually Time brought healing in his wings. On July 19th, 
1886, he married Miss Delia Pegram, daughter of Capt. Richard 
G. Pegram, long leader of the Petersburg bar (and later on, a 
successful practitioner here), who, like all men of his name and 
breed, was one of the most valorous soldiers that ever buckled 
on sabre. Cameron was then but forty -seven, strikingly hand- 
some, as were all the brothers, and the kindly fates had decreed 
that he and his gracious young wife should enjoy many years of 
happiness and that the spacious halls of "Mount Erin Towers" 
sliould resound once more with merry childish laughter and re- 
echo the pattering of little feet. But, as is inevitable, the 
happiness was not without alloy, for he lost two sons (by his 
iirst marriage), who had grown to manhood, and his old age 
w as greatly saddened by the death of his youngest boy, a win- 
some little lad of marvellous precociousness, to whom he was 
passionately attached. 

Years followed of usefulness and honor and hard work, though 
they were by no means years of "all work and no play" and 
"Jack" never became "a dull boy." He went around the world 
twice, travelled extensively in England and on the Continent 
and made repeated visits to the old "home-nest" in the High- 
lands by the pleasant river Spey. 

In 1904, he and his surviving brother, Alexander, sold out 
their various businesses here and in Australia to the "British- 
American Tobacco Company" and definitely retired. 

But, as we have indicated above, it was imr)0ssiblc for a man 
(jf his habits and temperament ever to become idle. He had a 
great fortune to claim his constant attention, was owaier of a 
fine estate on the Appomattox and became interested in "scien- 
tific" farming, was passionately devoted to flowers and never 
counted the hours lost which he spent in pottering about his ex- 
tensive hot-houses or in making still more beautiful the spacious 
grounds that surrounded "Mt. Erin Towers." 


He was intensely domestic in all his tastes and his "ain ingle 
neuk" was ever to him the dearest spot on earth. He belonged 
to the clubs, of course, but never went to them, and though, 
as we have seen, he wandered, from time to time, far afield, he 
was always anxious to get back to the one spot on earth sancti- 
fied to him by the name of "home." What delightful memories 
of bra\'c cheer and cordial welcome, q^ bright talk and hannless 
laughter, the mere mention of "Alt. Erin Towers" stirs in the 
breasts of all who had the privilege of enjoying its profuse, yet 
elegant, hospitality! 

He possessed a famous wine-cellar that contained a great 
variety of rare vintages, and he was always glad to have his 
friends test their excellence and give their verdict on their re- 
spective merits. He himself, mark you, was one of the most 
abstemious of men and, in the latter years of his life, because 
of heart-trouble, never touched even a single glass of wine. 
Like "Duke Vincentio," in "Measure for Measure," he was 
tnily "a gentleman of all temperance, rather rejoicing to see 
another merry." But he had a robust scorn, which he did not 
hesitate to express, for the Pecksniffian professional "refoiTners," 
Avho in these latter days are walking up and down the earth 
mouthing eternally their litanies of "Cant." In fact, he ex- 
pressed his opinion on most subjects with a directness and 
vigor tliat left little to the imagination. But this was only at 
his own Ijoard, or when suiTounded by a knot of very old friends. 
His judgment was sound, not only in business matters, but in 
delicate questions of personal conduct that often arise in private 
life. He was stubborn of opinion, when once he had made up his 
mind about people or things, and was by no means free from 
"prejudice," as who of us, indeed, is? But the honesty of the 
man was transparent in every utterance and'action and he never 
resented in the least degree, an expression of opinion directly the 
opposite of the one he might be vigorously maintaining. Nay, 
more — once convince him that he was wrong and he was no 
more too proud to change his mind than he was "too proud to 

Like every man of original parts (as distinguished from mere 
acquisition), he had a l:een sense of humor, and his mellow 


chuckle over a "shrewd thrust," whether at his own expense 
(;r another's, is remembered still with tender wistfulness. One 
of his most sahent characteristics was his unobtrusiveness. He 
was always at his ease, but preferred, in any large company, 
to be a listener rather than a talker. 

As we happen to know, his benefactions to charities, to the 
church, and to the less fortunate, mere numerous and munificent , 
, but he never spoke of them even to his intimates, and he was as 
loyal to his friends as any mortal that ever walked the earth. 
Just before the dawn ushered in the New Year of 1916, the 
;•, , supreme stroke fell with tragic suddenness. At twelve o'clock 

I.;, at night he was reading in his library. At 2. A. M he was dead. 

(.,. But shall we call it "tragic," refiecting that, in thus being 

;.',--:' struck down while still in full possession of his mental and physi- 
\, cal powers, he was mercifully spared the sufferings inseparable 

.,., from long illness or lingering decline. 

■ , ,^,;. If, as the Wise Man says, "As a man thinketh in his heart, 

;. ;; ; ;;.;., SO is hc," thcn, in all soberness and truth, was George Cameron 

, ,j J , that noblest work of God, an honest man. 

j ,( Scarcely more than a week after the death of George Cameron, 

,j his closest friend in Petersburg, the man whom, perhaps, he 

), most loved and whom he had made executor of his estate, was 

suddenly stricken with paralysis, and, after lingering for three 

weeks, sunk quietly into the dreamless sleep tliat knows no 

waking here. 

This was Alexander Hamilton, whose relations to Cameron 
were peculiarly close. Both were immensely busy men, en- 
gaged in large affairs, yet they managed to see each other almost 
daily — taking long walks or drives after office hours, and not 
seldom going off together, like two school boys on "a lark," 
for a fortnight's fishing in Florida or a brief spin overseas. 

As we can testify of our own personal knowledge, Hamilton 
\vas ten-ibly shaken by the death of his old friend, whom he 
loved with all the intensity of his ardent nature, and it may well 
be that that tragic event had much to do with the lethal stroke 
that can-ied him off in so brief a time. We ourselves, at any 
rate, have always thought so. 


We shall only set down here so much of his "line of descent" 
as beseems so slight a sketch as this, for lie was pure Scotch on 
both sides of his house and we all know how interminable are 
Scotch genealogies, if once we begin. This one, for instance, 
begins in 12!)2! 

Alexander Hamilton, son of Robert Alston Hamilton and of 
Sarah Caroline Alexander, his wife, was bom in Granville (now 
Vance) Coimty, North CaroHna, on Match 18th, 1850. Though 
bom in North Carolina, he was essentially a Virginian, having 
lived steadily in Petersburg since early boyhood, and it is doubt- 
ful whether, outside his own immediate family, a dozen people 
knew that he was not a native of this commonwealth. 

His grandfather, Patrick Hamilton, was of the "Parkhead 
branch" of the Hamiltons of Lanarkshire, and did not come to 
America luitil the beginning of the nineteenth century, when he 
settled, v\-ith others of his family, near Williamsboro in Granville 
County. He was a man of education, accumulated a handsome 
fortune as a thrifty merchant, married Mary Eaton Baskervill 
of the well-known Virginia family of that ilk, and became a pros- 
perous planter, as you may read in that delightful volume 
(privately printed) entitled ''The Hamiltoyis of Burnside" by 
his grandson, Patrick Hamilton Baskervill, M. A. 

It was his son, Robert Alston, college-bred, courtly of manner 
(some of us remember him well) and blessed with comfortable 
fortune, w ho moved to Petersburg, when his second boy, the 
subject of ihis sketch, was a lad of little over seven. 

On the Alexander side, his great-grand-father, Moses Alex- 
ander, who had been "up and awa' wi' Prince Charlie," came 
over soon after "the 45" and settled in Mecklenburg, North 
Carolina. Rut his grandchildren drifted to Virginia, as, we are 
glad to say, is so often the case with natives of the gallant "Old 
North Stale," and intermarried with the best families of the 
common\vc:alth. One of these grandsons, Nathaniel Alexander, 
father of <nn- Mr. Hamilton's mother, was an officer in the 
United States Navy, served under Perry in "1812," resigned 
the service, settled down as a planter and for several teims was 
a member of the Virginia Senate. Another grandson, Mark 
Alexander, bom in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, became still 


more prominent in Virginia politics — was member of the Legis- 
lature, represented the "4th Virginia District" in Congress from 
1819 to 1833, and took a leading part in the famous "Consti- 
tutional Convention" of 1829-30, the ablest body of men that 
ever sat in this state — perhaps, the ablest body of law-makers 
that ever sat in the western world. A little over seventy years 
after, his great-nephew, Alexander Hamilton, was destined to 
iTake a great name for himself in another celebrated "Virginia 
( 'onstitutional Convention." 

The lad, "Alexander," had his early schooling at "Belmont," 
an admirable boarding-school in Mecklenburg comity, N. C, con- 
ducted by a sound scholar of the old-fashioned type, Mr. Ralph H. 
Graves, and, after a further course at "McCabe's University 
School," in Petersburg, Virginia, where he was "good at books" 
and the acknowledged leader in all athletic sports, entered the 
"Virginia Military Institute" in 1868 as "third-class man" and 
was graduated in 1871. He had a natural taste for "soldiering," 
had lived in Petensburg all through "the Siege" of that brave 
old town, when he had listened at his father's table to the talk 
of the most famous soldiers who were defending it, and it was 
the great regret of his life that he had not been old enough to 
sci-ve in that heroic arm.y. Had the fates so ordered it, what 
a glorious soldier he would have been! — doubtless, with his 
eager courage and instant readiness of resource, the peer of any 
of them! 

During his last year at the "Institute" he was appointed 
Instructor in Latin (his strong point at school) and Adjutant 
of the Corps, and, immediately on his graduation, matriculated 
in the Law School of Washington and Lee University (situated 
within a stone's throw), where he had the good fortune to 
come under the personal instruction of that great Virginian, 
Honorable John Randolph Tucker, Professor of "Equity and 
lAiblic Law," who, in his long and brilliant service in Congress, 
was regarded by Republicans and Democrats alike as the ablest 
Constitutional lawyer, whether in the lower or the upper 
liouse, whose inexorable logic and sober eloquence recalled the 
})est traditions of Virginia statesmanship. 

PROCEEDINGS i<l.;Al< Mv^'.. ^"^" 

Despite the difference in their ages, pupil and instructor soon 
became intimate friends — a friendship which lasted until Mr. 
Tucker's death, and Hamilton has lett grateftd record under his 
ov,-n hand that of the salient influences which, in chief measure, 
shaped his career, the most potent of them all was this personal 
contact with his great miaster. To the end of his days, indeed, 
whenever he spoke of Mr. Tucker (and he spoke of him often) 
hk friends used to say that, though he was little given to hero- 
v.-urship, th.ere was a distinct suggestion of incense in the air. 
But we all loved him the more for his boyish enthusiasm re- 
garding his old mentor, for there were not a few of us who, in 
days gone by, had also fallen under the spell of that incomparable 
talker and inimitable raconteur, whose ready wit and whimsical 
quips, quite apart from his profound learning, must rem.ain a 
great tradition both in his native state and in the national capi- 
tal long after the fame of most of his contemporaries shall have 
become Irat a dim memory to all save the "curious." 

Having graduated in law, young Hamilton came to Rich- 
mond in the autimm of 1873 and "offered for practice" — an 
oRer whicli an unappreciative public apparently "politely but 
firmly" declined. But it was, notwithstanding this, a happy 
v.inter for him, for, young and well-bom and as handsome as 
one of "Ouida's" dashing young guardsmen, he went out a good 
deal into society, and, above all, could enjoy endless talks every 
day with his devoted "crony," "Joe" Bryan, while they both 
waited for clients that never came. How little could either 
forecast the future, or di-eam that in little over a single decade 
both of them were to become men of commanding influence in 
their respective communities and be reckoned among the first 
citizens of the comnaonwealth. 

In the following spring, he went back to Petersburg, became 
the law-ijartner of Mr. Alexander Donnan (who had an es- 
tablished practice), and in less than ten years was the recog- 
nized leader of the bar of that city. 

From that time on. Fortune sm.iled upon all the varied activi- 
ties that engaged that busy brain. At last, she had sent the 
ball rolling to his feet, and he had boldly picked it up and with 
unerring eye had sent it flying straight to goal. 



These activities are too numerous for us to dwell on in detail. 
Paramount to all the rest was his connection with the "Legal 
Department" of the "Atlantic Coast Line R. R. Company" and 
its subsidiary lines. vStarting simply as their "Attorney" for 
Petersburg, while still in active practice at tliat bar, he soon 
became their "General Counsel for Virginia," and, when, under 
the able constructive policy of that sagacious "ca[)tain of in- 
dustry," Mr. Henry Walters, riie present "Atlantic Coast Line 
R. R. Company" was formed by the consolidation of the various 
constituent companies, he became "General Counsel" for the 
whole of that great system. He was also elected, first, the 
Second Vice-President and, later on, the First Vice-President 
of the new company. Only a year or two ago, he received 
still further promotion by being made President of the "Atlantic 
Coast Line of Connecticut," the "holding company" (organized 
under the laws of Connecticut) that controls both the "A. C. 
L." and "L. & N." properties. 

Of course, all this forced him to give up general practice. 

No railroad in this country, or, indeed, in any country, ever 
had in its sei-vice a servant more utterly devoted to its interests 
and its high repute, and the official resolutions passed by the 
directors at his death (simple, direct, yet charged with deep 
feeling) constitute a testim.onial to his efficiency, integrity, and 
personal charm that signally distinguishes them from the con- 
ventional expressions of condolence usual in such cases. 

In addition to all this, he became some twenty years ago 
President of the largest and oldest banlc in Petersburg ("The 
Petersburg Saving & Insurance Co."), whose affairs he managed 
with conspicuous financial ability up to the time of his death, 
besides being director in many public corporations and being 
much sought after as fiduciary in administering large private 

Apart from his legal training, he was othenvise admirably 
equipped for the successful conduct of these multifarious activi- 
ties, for from the beginning of his young manhood he had been a 
persistent student of economics and of finance and was wont to 
read (what seems to us) the dreary volumes dealing with those 
subjects witli as keen an interest as the average reader takes 


in the lalcsL "best seller." Just here, it may be noted that he 
was all his life deeply interested in all matters pertaining to 
education So genuine was this interest, that, despite the ever- 
increasin,^ volume of his arduous duties, he managed to find time 
to sen.^e on the "Board of Visitors" of his old school, the Virginia 
Military Institute, Vv'here, with the cordial co-operation of the 
Superintendent, he inaugurated many reforms of lasting value. 
IVenty years of such fmitful service did he give his Alma Mater, 
during ten of which he was President of the Board. Even after 
he felt obliged to decline reappointment, he unselfishly consented 
to become "President of the School Board" in Petersburg, and, 
in that ix>sition, rendered conspicuous service in establishing 
u higher degree of efficiency in the Public Schools of that city. 

Plad he elected to go into politics, as he was repeatedly urged 
to do, there is small doubt that with his industry and talents 
he would have attained eminence in that field. The same quali- 
ties that made him such an effective advocate at the bar — clear 
thinking, apt illustration in argument and a happy knack of 
never t£i Iking over the heads of his audience — must surely have 
compelled success. 

But though, as might be ex})ected in the case of a man of his 
prominence, he often presided at public meetings, both at home 
and elscv.'here in the state, he never but once accepted public 
office, if, indeed, we may so term the service he felt called upon 
to render. 

Withi^iit the remotest solicitation, he was elected a delegate 
from Petersburg to the "Virginia Constitutional Convention" 
of 1901-1902, where, as we have said above (deliberately weigh- 
ing our words), he soon made "a great name" for himself. In 
that assemblage of really able men, the breadth of his views, 
the cogency of his- arguments, his readiness and uniform cour- 
tesy in debate, all this in conjunction with his winning pei^son- 
ality won for him the confidence and admiration of his col- 
leag-ues and caused him to be regarded on all sides as one of the 
most sagacious among the acknowledged leaders of that body. 
So great, indeed, was the impression which he made, that, the 
year after the Convention adjoiurned, he was elected without 
opposition President of the "Virginia Bar Association," a posi- 
tion wliich he held as long as he was eligible. 


vSo passed the strenuous years. Yet often were there un- 
expected compensations when most he was driven by the work 
imposed upon him as lawyer, banker, or rail-road official. His 
duties as "General Comisel" of a great system, of necessity, 
caiTied him constantly to various sections of the country and 
his ligure was aknost as famihar in New York, Philadelphia and 
Baltimore or in Charleston, Savannah, and Mobile, as it was in 
Richmond or Petersburg. Everywhere he went, his intelligence 
and high-breeding and compelling charm of manner won him 
hosts of friends, who insisted Oh entertaining him in a purely 
.social way after business matters had been ended. And when 
these new-made acquaintances (many of them destined in time 
to become "old friends") came to Petersburg to confer with him, 
as they often did, they were at once impulsively seized upon and 
earned off to be guests in his own beautiful home, where they 
found such wannth of welcome and sumptuous entertainment 
as recalled the best traditions of the "Old South." 

"Small cheer and great welcome makes a merry feast," says 
Sliakespeare in his immortal "Comedy," but here was great 
cl.eer and great welcome too, and the "merry feast," we may 
he sure, was made doubly charming to his guests by the bright 
and genial talk of their host. 

But for all his engaging qualities in private life and his uniform 
observance of the amenities in his conduct of professional or 
business affairs, there was "a streak of Cato" in the man. Let 
him once be convinced that an opponent had mistaken his 
deferential courtesy for timidity or that any body of men, "by 
bias and indirection," were seeking to overreach the railroad 
company (which he served and whose interests he ever held 
higher than his own) and instantly (as some of us have wit- 
nessed) the mobile features hardened, a timbre of defiance rang 
in the usually softly-modulated voice, and his measured words 
of contemptuous indignation were such as few men could ever 

Those who did not know him well, seeing him in one of these 
masterful moods of "righteous wrath," would take away an 
utterly erroneous impression of the man, for if ever there was a 
human being saturated v\-ith the spirit of kindliness to his 


fellows and of tender sympathy for those "distressed in mind, 
body or estate," as the Prayer-book hath it, it was he. 

At last, in the early morning of February 4th, 1916, came the 
"one clear call" to that intrepid spirit, and it was answered, 
we may be sure, with the same serene courage as had been 
answered every call made to him in a long and resolute life. 

As we recall his noble rectitude, his nice sense of personal 
honor that did not "set life at a pin's fee" when that honor was 
at stake, his generous enthusiasm for all things exalted, his virile 
scorn for all things mean, his sweetness of disposition, his tender .^yf] 
heart and open hand — as wS remember all these stern and 
gentle virtues, there flashes through our mind (as preculiarly 
appropriate to this dear dead friend) that noble epitaph which 
the Dulce of Buckingham wrote on liis father-in-law, "the Great 
Lord Fairfax"; 

Both sexes virtues were in him combined; 
He had the fierceness of the manliest mind. 
And all the meekness too of womankind. 

He never knew what envy was or hate; 
His soul was filled with worth and honesty. 
And with another thing besides, quite out of date, 
Cali'd modesty. 

Over ihe rest of those whom we are called upon to mourn, 
we can only breathe a simple, but heartfelt, reqidescani! 

All of which is respectfully submitted. ' " " ~' '^ 

W. Gordon McCabe, 


ottt>t< th-e 

At the conclusion of the report it was annoimced that the 
next business was the election of officers and members of the 
Executive Committee. On motion, a nominating committee 
composed of Col. W. Miles Cary and Messrs. Charles C. 

.^t ^n hrrn T'ro'h') 


Anderson and David C. Richardson. The Committee re- 
tired and on its return recommended that the following be 
elected : . . ' 

President — W. Gordon McCabe, Richmond, Va. 

Vice-Presidents- ■ Archer Anderson, Richmond, Va., Edward 
\'. Valentine, Richmond, Va., and Lyon G. Tyler, Williams- 
l)urK, Va. 

(.Corresponding Secrettyry and Librarian — William G. Stanard, 
Riclimond, Va. 

Recording Secretary— Y}. C. Richardson, Richmond, Va. 

Treasurer — Robert A. Lancaster, Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Executive Committee — C. V. Meredith, Richmond, Va. 
Charles W. Kent, University of Virginia, J. Stewart Bryan, 
Richmond, Va., A. C. Gordon, Staunton, Va., S. S. P. Patte- 
son, Richmond, Va., S. A. Yonge, Riclimond, Va., WiUiam 
11. Pahner, Richmond, Va., Rt. Rev. A. M. Randolph, Nor- 
folk, Va., Daniel Grinnan, Riclimond, Va., J. P. McGuire, Jr., 
Richmond, Va., Wm. A. Anderson. Lexington, Va., Morgan 
P. Richmond, Richmond, Va, 

A resolution thanking the President for his ser^aces during 
the past year was adopted. 

Mr. T. C. Bryan was called to the chair and on motion the 
ofTicers and members were unanimously elected. 

Presideht McCabe then resumed the chair and stated that 
any other business would be in order. As there was none, on 
motion, the meeting adjourned. 

jt:» joA — -n-iisaitn i 

rnM. ■) .T t',^ 


Virginia Historical Society 

JANUARY, 1917. 

B. ■* President. 

W. Gordon McCabe, Richmond, Va. 


Archer Anderson, Richmond, Va. 
■»'^' ' Edward V. Valentine, Richmond, Va. 
Lyon G. Tyler, Williamsburg, Va. 

Corresponding Secretary and Librarian. 
William G. Stanard, Richmond, Va. 

Recording Secretary. 
D. C. Richardson, Richmond, Va. 

Robert A. Lancaster, Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Executive Committee. 

C. V. Meredith, Richmond, Va. Wm. H. Palmer, Richmond, Va. 
Chas. W. Kent, University of Va. Rt.Rev.A.M.RANDoi.PH, Norfolk, Va. 
J. Stewart Bryan, Richmond, Va. Daniel Grinnan, Richmond, Va. 
A. C. Gordon, Staunton, Va. J. P. McGuire, Jr., Richmond, Va. 
S. S. P. Patteson, Richmond, Va. Wm. A. Anderson, Lexington, Va. 
S. H. YoNGE, Richmond, Va. Morgan P.Robinson, Richmond, Va. 

and ex-officio, the President, Vice-Presidents, Secretaries 
and Treastirer. 



Keane, Prof. A. H., London, Eng. Stevens, Dr. H. Morse, University ot Cal. 


Bacon, H. F., Bury St. Edmund, Eng. 

Banks, Chas. E., M. D. 

Barber, E. A., Philadelphia, Pa. •" 

Bryant, H. W., Portland, Maine. 

Campeau, Hon., F. R. E., Ottawa, Can. 

Champlin, J. D., Jr., New York, N. Y, 

Craig, Isaac, Alleghany, Pa. 

Green, Hon. S. A., M. D., Boston, Mass. 

Hart, Chas. H., Philadelphia, P^. 

Hinke, Prof. W. J., Auburn, N. Y. 
Hayden, Rev. H. E., Wilkes-Barre. Pa. 
Hoes. Rev. R. R., Washington. D. C. 
Judah, George F., Spanish Town, Jamaica. 
Nicholson, Col. J. P.. Philadelphia. Pa. 
Richemond, Mons. Meschinet De, La Ro- 

chelle, France. 
Ross, Hon. D. A., Quebec, Can. 
Wright, W. H. K., Plymouth, Eng. 


Adams, Gilmer S., Louisville, Ky. 
Adams, Wm. Newton, Bridyehampton, L. I. 
Alexander, H. M., New York, N. Y. 
Andrews. A. B., Jr., Raleigh, N. C. 
Bagnell, Mrs. Wm., St. Louis, Mo. 
Barksdale. H. M., Wilmington, Del. 
Barratt, Judcc Norris S., Philadelphia. Pa. 
Billings, C. K. G.. New York, N. Y. 
Blackwell, Henry, New York, N. Y. 
Bryan, Jonathan, Richmond, Va. 
Bryan, Robert C, Richmond, Va. 
Bryan, St. George, Richmond, Va. 
Bryan, J. Stewart, Richmond, Va. 
Bushnell, David L, Jr., New Orleans, La. 
Cabell, J. Akton, Richmond, Va. 
Cabell, Col. H. C, U. S. A., Portland, Ore- 

Childers. Col. Gracey, Clarksville, Tenn. 
Corbin, Mrs. Wm. Lygon, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Cox, Mrs. Wm. Ruffin, Richmond, Va. 
Clement, Capt. H. C, U. S. A., Governor's 

Island, N. Y. 
Clements, Mrs. Helen L, St. Louis, Mo. 
Cook, Heustis P., Richmond, Va. 
Beats, H. E., Flemington, N. J. 
Dooley, James H., Richmond, Va. 
Downman, R. H., New Orleans, La. 

Earnest, Joseph B., Lexington, Ky. 
Gary J. A., Baltimore. Md. 
Gibbs, Mrs. Virginia B., Newport, R. L 
Grandy, C. Wiley, Norfolk, Va. 
Gratz, Simon, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hanna, Charles A., Montclair, N. J. 
Harrison, Fairfax, Bel voir. Fauquier Co.,Va. 
Hearst, Mrs. Phoebe A., Pleasanton, Cal 
Hobson, Mrs. Henry W., Jr., New York, 

N. Y. 
Hotchkiss, Elmore D. Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Hughes, R. M., Norfolk, Va. 
Huntington, Archer M., Baychester, N. Y. 
Hyde, James Hazen, Paris, France. 
Jones, Judge Lewis H., Louisville, Ky. 
Keith, Charles P., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Kinsolving, Walter O., Austin, Texas. 
Lee, Edmund J., M. D., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Lee, W. H., St. Louis, Mo. 
Mason, Wm. Peyton, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Miller, Dr. J. L., Thomas, W. Va. 
Mitchell, Robert, Richmond, Va. 
Moriarty, G. Andrews, Boston, Mass. 
Morse, Willard S., New York, N. Y. 
McCabe, Lt. E. R. Warner, U. S. A, 
McCabe, W. Gordon, Jr., Charleston, S. C. 
McCormick, Cyrus Hall, Chicago, III. 




Nolting, Miss Elizabeth Aiken. Cobham, Va. 
Pilhbury, Mrs. Charles L.. Minneapolis, 

Raborg. T. M. T., New York. N. Y. 
Richardson, D. C, Richmond, Va. 
Rives, Hon. Geo. Lockhart, New York, 

Robinson, Morgan P., Richmond, Va. 
Rosser, Thomas L.. Jr., Charlottesville, Va. 
Rucker, Mrs. Booker Hall, RoUa, Mo. 
Scott, Frederick W., Richmond, Va. 
Scott, Winfield, New York, N. Y. 
Stevens, Mrs. Byam K., New York, N. Y. 
Stires, Rev. Ernest, M. D. D., New York, 


Stubbs, Wm. C, New Orleans, La. 
Swanson, Hon. Claude A., Chatham. Va. 
Sweet, Mrs. Edith M.. St. Albans, W. Va. 
Talcott. Col. T. M. R., Bon Air, Va. 
Waterman, W. H., New Bedford, Mass. 
Watson, Mrs. Alexander McKenzie 
Webb, W. Seward, New York, N. Y. 
Wickham, Henry T., Richmond, Va. 
Williams, A. D., Richmond, Va. 
Williams, Thomas C, Richmond, Va. 
Winslow, H. M., Harriman, Tenn. 
Woodson, Captain R. S., U. S. A., St. Louis, 


Abney. John R., New York, N. Y. 
Adams, Walter, Framingham, Mass. 
Addison, E. B., Richmond, Va. 
Adkins, S B., Richmond, Va. 
Alexander, Dr. W. T., New York. N. Y. 
Allen, E. W., Savannah, Ga. 
Allen, Herbert F. M., Washington. D. C. 
Ambler. Ben. Mason, Parkersburg, W. Va. 
Ames, Mrs. Joseph S., Baltimore, Md. 
Ancell, Rev. B. L., Yangchow, China. 
Anderson, Col. Archer, Richmond, Va. 
Anderson, B. P.. M. D., Colorado Springs, 

Anderson, Charles C, Richmond, Va. 
Anderson. Davis C, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Anderson, Edward L., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Anderson, W. A.. Lexington, Va. 
Andrews. Prof. C. M.. Yale University, New 

Haven, Conn. 
Andrews, Garnett, Rossville, Ga. 
Antrim, Hugh, Richmond, Va. 
Atkins, Mrs. G. W. E., New York. N. Y. 
Atkinson, Thomas, Richmond, Va. 
Austin-Leigh, Richard A., London, Eng. 
Ajttell. Decatur, Richmond, Va. 

Bacon, Mrs, Horace F., North Middletown, 

Bagby, Mrs. Parke C, Richmond, Va. 
Baker, C. C. Watts, Cal. 
Ballard, N. H., Brunswick, Ga. 
Barbour, John S., Fairfax. Va. 
Barham, Dr. W. B., Newsoms, Va. 
Barton, R. T.; Winchester, Va. 
Baskervill, P. H., Richmond, Va. 
Bates, S. E., Richmond, Va. 

Bayne, Howard R., New York, N. Y. 
Beckett, John T., New York, N. Y. 
Beer, George Louis, New York, N. Y. 
Beirne, Francis F., Baltimore, Md. 
Bell, Landon C, Columbus, Ohio. 
Bell, Robert O., Richmond, Va. 
Belmont, August, New York, N. Y. 
Belt, Mrs. Eliz. Talbot, Millen, Ga. 
Bennett, Robert R., Washington, D. C. 
Berry, Mrs. C. D., Nashville, Tenn. 
Best, Frank E., Chicago, 111. 
Beveridge, Hon. A. J., Indianapolis. Ind. 
Blackstock, Ira B., Springfield, 111. 
Blair, Miss Louisa Coleman, Richmond. Va. 
Blow, A. A., Knoxville, Tenn. 
Boatwright, Mrs. Gertrude F. H., Roanoke, 

Boddie, John T., Chicago, 111. 
Boisseau, Sterling, Richmond, Va. 
Boisseau, P. H.. Danville, Va. 
Boiling, Charles E., Richmond, Va. 
Boiling, Stanhope, Richmond, Va. 
Bondurant, Dr. Eugene D., Mobile, Ala. 
Booker, Mrs. Hunter R., Hampton, Va. 
Boreman, R. J. A., Parkersburg, W. Va. 
Bosher, Mrs. Robert S., Richmond, Va. 
Bourgeoisie, Mrs. A. C, St. Louis, Mo. 
Bowles, Henry L., Hudson, Col. 
Bowling, Benjamin L., Urbanna, 111. 
Boykin, Miss Anna B., Richmond. Va. 
Boyle, Mrs. P. A., Birmingham, Ala. 
Boyle, Mrs. Virginia Frazier, Memphis. 

Bradshaw, Mrs. Rosena, Paducah, Ky. 
Branch, John K., Richmond, Va. 
Brodhead, Mrs. Lucas, Versailles, Ky. 
Brooke, George D., Chil'.icothe, Ohio. 

•This list also includes subscribers to the Magazine. 


Brooke. Richard N., Washington, D. C. 
Brooke, Richard, Baltimore, Md. 
Brooke, Robert T., Birmingham, Ala. 
Brooke, S. S., Roanoke, Va. 
Brooke, Dr. T. V.. Sutherlin, Va. 
Brown, Prof. W. G., Columbia, IVIo. 
Brown, J. Thompson, Richmond, Va. 
Brown, Wallace F., Richmond, Va. 
Bruce, Hon. C. M., Clarkton, Va. 
Bruce, Philip Alexander, Norfolk, Va. 
Bruce, Mrs. Mary Howard, Richmond, Va. 
Bryan, George, Richmond, Va. 
Bryan, Thomas P., Richmond, Va. 
Budlong, Mrs. Milton J., New York, N. Y. 
Bukey, Mrs. John Spencer, Vienna, Va. 
BuUard, Mrj. B. F., Savannah, Ga. 
Bullitt, Wm. Marshall, Louisville, Ky. 
Burges, Richard F., El Paso, Texas. 
Burruss, Mrs. Nathaniel, Norfolk, Va. 
Burwell, D. S., Norfolk, Va. 
Byrd, Samael ^L, Kosciusko, 

Callahan, G. C. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Gallery, Mrs. J. D., Brielle, N. J. 

Cameron, Col. Benehan, Stagville, N. C. 

Cameron, lilies Mary H., Richmond, Va. 

Campbell, Mrs. A. A., Wytheville, Va. 

Campbell, R. K. Washington, D.C. 

Cannon, G. Randolph, Richmond, Va. 

Caperton, Mr^;. James W., Richmond, Ky. 

Capps, W. L., U. S. N., Washington, D. C. 

Cargill, Mrs. T. A., Houston, Texas. 

Carpenter, Pay Director J. S., U. S. N., Bos- 
ton, Mass. 

Carrington, Edward C, Baltimore, Md. 

Carter, Hill, Ashland, Va. 

Cartvvright. Mrs. S. A. Brooke, Washington, 

Gary, T. Archibald. Richmond, Va. 

Gary, W. Miles, Richmond, Va. 

Cash, Mrs. W. Lee. Bristol, Va. 

Catlett, Mrs. Richard H., Staunton, Va. 

Chamberlayne, Churchill G., Richmond, 

Chandler. Prof. J. A. C, Richmond. Va. 

Chandler. R. G.. Chicago, 111. 

Chandler, Walter T., Chicago, 111. 

Chauncy, Mrs. Agnes C., Narberth. Pa. 

Chilton, W. B., Washington, D. C. 

Chowning, C. C., Urbanna, Va. 

Christian, Judge Geo. L., Richmond. Va. 

Christian, Walter, Richmond, Va. 

Claiborne, Dr. J. H., New York, N. Y. 

Clark, W. Welch, Danville, Va. 

Clark, Wm. Hancock. New York, N. Y. 

Clarke, P. N.. Louisville. Ky. 

Clement, Mrs. N. E., Chatham, Va. \i,S. 

Clyde, W. P., New York, N. Y. r , 

Cobb. Wm..H., Elkins, W. Va. 
Coffin, Charles P., Brookline, Mass. 
Coke, Captain John A., Richmond, Va. 
Coleman, Aylett H., Roanoke, Va. 
Coleman, Charles W., Washington, D. C 
Coles, Mrs. T. B., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Colston, Edward, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Cook, Miss Mary E., Columbus, Ga. 
Coolidge, Archibald C. Cambridge. Mass. 
Corbin, Richard Beverley, New York, N. Y. 
Corbin, Richard W.. Newport, R. I. 
Corbett. Mrs. L. G.. Greenville. S. C. 
Courtney, Miss Emma, Louisville, Ky. 
Cox, General Wm. R.. Penelo, N. C. 
Craig, Mrs. Lawrence R., Dillon, S. C. 
Cozzens, Frederick B., Chicago, 111. 
Cram, Mrs. R. A., Boston, Mass. 
Crenshaw, S. Dabney, Richmond, Va. 
Cridlin, W. B., Richmond, Va. 
Crittenden, W. L., Stigler, Okla. 
Croasdaile, Mrs. Richard, Canton. Ohio. . 
Crocker, Major J. P., Portsmouth, Va. 
Crockett, R. H., Franklin, Tenn. 
Crump, Judge Beverley T.. Richmond, Va. 
Crump, James D., Richmond, Va. 
CuUeton, Leo.. London, Eng. 

Dabney, Dr. William M., Baltimore, Md. 
Dabney, Prof. R. H., University of Va. 
Daingerfield, Francis Lee, Alexandria. Va. 
Dance, Mrs. Russell, Corinth, Miss. 
Dandridge, Miss Mary E., Cincinnati. O. 
Darling, Mrs. Frank W., Hampton, Va. 
Daughters, A. R., Washington, D. C. 
Davenport, G. A., Richmond, Va. 
Davis, W. O., Gainesville, Texas. 
Denham, Edward, New Bedford, Mass. 
Denson, C. B., Raleigh, N. C. 
Dickey, Judge Lyle A., Lihue, H. T. 
Doolittle, Mrs. Wm. W., Passadena, Cal. 
Doran, J. J., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Doremus, Mrs. C. A.. New York, N. Y. 
Downing, George C. Frankfort, Ky. 
Duke, Judge R. T. W.. Jr.. Charlottesville. 

Dunn. John, M. D.. Richmond. Va. 
Dupont, Col. H. A.. Winterthur, Del. 
Duval. Miss Maria P., Charlestown, W. Va. 
Dwight, Dr. E. W., Boston. Mass. 

Eagon, Robert E., Dallas, Texas. 
Easley, J. C, Richmond. Va. 



Ease. John P., New York, N. Y. 
Eaton, George G., Washington, D. C. 
Eckenrode, Dr. H. J., Fredericksburg, Va. 
Ellineton, Mrs. B. H., Richmond. Va. 
Ellij, Wade H., Washington, D. C. 
Ellis, William A., Florence, Ala. 
Ellyson, Hon. J. Taylor, Richmond, Va. 
Embrey, Judge Alvin T., Fredericksburg, 

En-.pio, Adam, Wilmington, N. C. 
Eni;!iah, Mrs. W. E., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Eskildge, R. S.. Seattle, Wash. 


;, Wm. Corcoran, V/ashiiigton, D. C. 

Fat c.n, Emmett B., Richmond, Va. 
Farr.-ir, Edgar H., New Orleans, La. 
Faulkner, C. J.. BoyJtoa, Va. 
Feiki, W. P., Little Rock, Ark. 
Feldhauser, Mrs. Goode K., St. Paul, Minn. 
Ferri^ll, Mrs. Chas. C, Anson. Tex. 
Fifi.', Prof. R. H., Middletown, Conn. 
Filzl.uah, Gen. Chas. L., Pittsburg, Pa. 
Fletcher, William Meade, SpeiTyviUe, Va. 
Fc-it line, W. W. Austia, Tex. 
F<. MI, tain, General S. W., U. S. A., Devon. 

1 .,. 
Fi;.r jes, Mrs. Charles E.. Bedford, Ind. 
Freeman, D. S., Richmond, Va. 
Freixh, Dr. Jno. Herndon, New York, N. Y. 
Furiow, Floyd C, New York, N. Y. 

Games, C. Carrington, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
Garland, Spotswood, Wilmington, Del. 
Gr.rner, J. W., T:A)r. Church, V:i. 
Gi^^o^, Rt. Rev. Robt. A., Richmond, Va. 
Gilbert, Mrs. R. M.. New -York, N. Y. 
Glover, Rolfe E., Richmond, Va. 
Good, D. Saylor, Roanoke, Va. 
Goodwin, Rev. E. L.. Richmond, Va. 
Goodwyn. Tyler, jroatKomery, Ala. 
Goodwyn, Mrs. W. S., Ernporia, Va. 
Gordon, Armistead C, Staunton, Va. 
Gray, Henry W.. Jr., Hartford, Conn. 
Gregory. George C, Rio Vista. Va. 
Grinnan, Judge Daniel, Richmond, Va. 
Grinnan, John C, Norfolk, Va. 
Groome, H. C Warrenton, Va. 
Guthrie. John W., Flagstaff, Arizona. 

Hagan, John C, Richmond, Va. 
Hairston, S. W.. Roanoke. Va. 
Hamilton, Mrs. Amelia C, New York, N. Y. 
Hardy. Miss Stella Pickett. Batesville, Ark. 
Harpel, Mrs. Almeda B., Des Moines, Iowa. 
Hr.rris. A. B. B., Chicc.go, 111. 

Harrington, Howard S.. New York, N. Y. 
Harris Alfred T., Jr.. Richmond, Va. 
Harris, Graham H., Chicago, 111. 
Harris, John T., Jr., Harrisonburg, Va. 
Harrison, Mrs. Carter H., Staunton, Va. 
Harrison, Hon. Francis Burton, Manila, P 1. 
Harrison, Geo. T., M.D.. Charlottesville, Va. 
Harrison, Robert L., New York, N. Y. 
Harrison, W. Preston, Chicago, 111. 
Hawes, S. H., Richmond, Va. 
Heatwole, Prof. C. J., Harrisonburg, Va. 
Heath, James E., Norfolk, Va. 
Hempstone, W. D.. Leesburg. Va. 
Herbert, Col. Arthur, Alexandria. Va. 
Herbert, R. Beverley. Columbia, S. C. 
Herndon, J. W., Alexandria, Va. 
Heyer, Mrs. Mary B., Wilminf^on. N. C 
Hibbett, A. j., Green Forest, Ark. 
Higgins, Mrs. D. F.. Joliet, 111. 
Hill, W. M., Richmond, V.;. 
Hine, Major Ch.irles DcLuno, Vienna, Va. 
Holladay, A. Randolph, V/arminstcr, Va. 
Holmes, J. T., Columbus. Ohio. . 
Holt, R. O., Washington, D. C. 
Hord, Rev. A. H., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Horsley, Dr. J. fhelton, Richmond, Va. 
Houston, Mrs. E. M., SpringScld. Mo. 
Howard, Mrs. Eleanor Washington, Wash- 

in^on, D. C. 
Howard, Major McHenry, Baltimore, Md. 
Howrll, Ardun, Richmond, Va. 
HughL-s, A. S., Denver, Col. 
Hunt, Gaillard, Washington, D. C. 
Hunter. James W.. Norfolk, Va. 
HunloP, Eppa, Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Hurt, Georn.o F., Atlanta, Ga. 
HutchcFon, H. P., Boydton, Va. 
Hutcheson, Mrs. J. C, Houston. Te.x. 
Hutchins. W. S.. Washington. D. C. 
Hutchinson. Gary T., New York. N. Y. 
Hyde, Mrs. Chai-Us R., Chattanooga. Tenn. 

James, Mrs. J. O.. Petersburg. Va. 
Jameson, Mrs. S. W., Roanoke. Va. 
Jarman. Prof. J. L.. Farmville. Va. 
Jeffress. T. F.. Drewry's Bluff. Va. 
Jenkins, Luther H., Richmond, Va. 
Jewett. W. K., Colorado Springs, Col. 
Johnson, B. F., Washington, D. C. 
Johnston, Miss Mary, Warm Springs. Va. 
Jones, Fairfax C, Richmond, Va. 
Jones, Judge Lewis H.. Louisville, Ky. 
Jones, Mis. Richard, New Orleans, La. 
Jones, W. Strother. Red Bank, N. J. 
Junkin, Francis T. A., Chicago, 111. 


Kable. Mrs. W. G.. Staunton. Va. 
Keach, Mrs. O. A., Wichita. Kan. 
Keini, Mrs. Betty L.. Philadelphia. Pa. 
Kelly. Mrs. Effie Bowles, Richmond. Va. 
Kemper. Churles E.. Washington. D. C. 
Kendrick. Mi-. F. W., New York, N. Y. 
Kent, Prof. C. V.'.. University of Va. 
Kirk, Henry J., Baltimore. Md. 

Lamb, E. T., Norfolk, Va. 
Lambert. Ui^. W. H., Germantown, Pa. 
La Monte, Geo. M., Bound Brook, N. J. 
Lancaster, R. A.. Jr.. Richmond. V 
Lawton. Mri. James M., New York, N. Y. 
Leake. J. Jordan, Richmond, Va. 
Lecky, Robert, Jr., Richmond, Va. 
T.edbfctter, Mrs. C.Ji., Little Rock, Ark. 
Lee, Blair, Washington, D. C. 
Lee. R. E.. Jr., Fairfax County. Va. 
Leigh, Egbeic G., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Levy, Jefierso.i M., New York, N. Y. 
Lewis, Charles, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Lewis, HerbcfD, L West Point, Va. 
Lewis, Jud.'e Lunsford L., Richmond, Va. 
Lodge. Hon. H. C. Washington. D. C. 
Ljungstedt. Mrs. O. A.. Bethesda, Md. 
Locke. Victor Murat, Antlers, Okla. 
Long, E. McL., New York, N. Y. 
Lorton, Heth, New York, N. Y. 
Loyall, Captain B. P.. Norfolk, Va. 

Lukeman H. Augustus, New York. N. Y. 

Mallory, Lt. C. K., U. S. N., Syracuse, 
N. Y. 

Mallory, Ctl. J. S., U. S. A., Culebra, Canal 

Mangum, Mrs. Wm. W., New Orleans, La. 

Markham, George D., St. Ix)uis, Mo. 

Massie, Robert, Lynchburg, Va. 

Mastin, Mr>:. (George R., Lexington, Ky. 

Matthsws, Albert, Boston, Mass. 

Mayo, E. C, Richmond, Va. 

Mayo, Mrs. Etta Booth, Commerce, Tex. 

Mayo, P. H., Richmond, Va. 

itercer, xMrs. William P., Elm City, N. C. 

Meredith, Chf-rles V., Richmond, Va. 

Meredith, Philip T., Harrisburg, Pa. 

Meriwether, Mrs. Minor, Shreveport, La. 

Merrill, Mrs. Lida W., Terre Haute. Ind. 

Meyer. Mrs. August R.. City. Mo. 

Miller. Rudolph P.. New York. N. Y. 

Minnigerodi , Charles, Baltimore, Md. 

Minor, Benj d., Washington, D. C. 

Mitchell, I'.iikwood, Richmond, Va. 

Moffett. Mrr, E. E., Richmond, Va. 

MofFett. Miss Edna V., Wellesley, Mass. 

Montague, Hill, Richmond, Va. 

Moore, Warner, Richmond, Va. 

Morehead, C. R., El Paso, Texas. 

Morgan, Dr, D. H., Amelia C. H.. Va. 

Morton, Richard Lee, University, Va. 

Munford, Mrs. Beverley B., Richmond, Va. 

Munford, R. B., Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Myers, Barton, Noi-folk, Va. 

McAllister, J. T., Hot Springs, Va. '■' *'" 

McBryde, Dr. J. M., Blacksburg. Va. 

McCabe, Capt. W. Gordon, Richmond, Va. 

McClung, C. M., Knoxville, Tenn. 

McConnell. Prof. J. P.. Radford, Va. 

McCormick, R. Hall, Chicago, 111. 

McCormick, Harold P., Chicago, 111. 

McDonnel, Mrs. Eugene, Fort Howard, Md. 

McFadden, Charles, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa. 

McGraw. John T., Grafton, W. Va. 

McGuire, Dr. Edward, Richmond, Va. 

McGuire, Mrs. Frank H., Richmond, Va. 

McGuire, John Pe>-ton, Jr., Richmond, Va. 

McGuire, Murray I.L, Richmond, Va. 

McGuire, Dr. Stuart, Richmond, Va. 

McKim, Rev. Randolph H., Washington, 
D. C. 

Mcllwaine, Dr. H. R., Richmond. Va. 

Mcllwaine, W. B., Petersburg, Va. 
Mcintosh, Charles P., Norfolk, Va. 
McKenny, Miss Virginia Spctswood, Peters- 
burg, Va. 
McNeil, Mrs. W.ilter S., Richmond, Va. 

Nash, Dr. P. S., U. S. N., Washington, D. C. 

Neilson, Miss Lou, O.xford, Miss. 

Nichols, Rt. Rev. W. P., San Francisco, 

Nixon, Lewis, Mecuchen, N. J. 
Norvell, Mrs. Lipscomb, Beaumont, Texas. 

O'Connell, Rt. Rev. D. J.. Richmond, Va. 
Osborne, W. L. H., Glide, Oregon. 
Outerbridge, Mrs. A. J., University, Va. 
Owen, Thomas M., Montgomery, Ala. 

Padgitt, Mrs. J. Tom, Coleman, Texas. 

Page, Mrs. Mann, Elizabeth, N. J. 

Page, S. Davis, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Page, Rosewell, Beaver Dam, Va. 

Page, Hon. Thomas Nelson, American 

Embassy, Rome, Italy. 
Palmer, Mrs. Potter, Osprey, Fla. 
Palmer, Col. William H., Richmond, V&. 
Parker, Col. John, Browsholme Hall, Cle- 

thiroe, Lancashire, Eng. 
Parker, W. S. R., Beaumont, Texai. 


Patteson, S. S. P., Richmond, Va. 
Paxton, T. B., Jr., Cincinnati, O. 
Payne, John B., Chicago, III. 
Pfcgram, Lt. John C, U. S. A., El Paso, 

Penn, Mrs. James G., Danville, Va. 
Pescud, Peter P., New Orleans, La. 
Pcterkin, Mrs. George W., Parkersburg, 

W. Va. 
Pettigrew, Mrs. C. D.. Pine Bluff, Ark. 
Pettus, William J., M. D.. U. S. Marine 

Hospital Service, Charleston, S. C. 
Phelps, Wm. B., Duluth, Minn. 
Pinckard, W. P., Birmingham, Ala. 
Pinckney, C. C, Richmond, Va. 
Pleasants, Edwin, Richmond, Va. 
Pleasants, Dr. J. Hall, Baltimore, Md. 
Plummer, Miss Lucy Dupuy, Newmarket, 

Poindexter, Judge Miles, Spokane, Wash. 
Poindexter, W. W., Lynchburg, Va. 
Pollard, Henry R., Richmond, Va. 
Powell, J. E., Washington, D. C. 
Prentiss. Judge R. R., SuSolk, Va. 

Raines. Dr. Thomas H., Savannah, Ga. 
Raine. T. C, New York, N. Y. 
Ramey, Mrs. Alice Lewis, Brownwood, Tex. 
Randolph, Rt. Rev. A. M., D. D.. Norfolk. 

Randolph, Epes, Tucson, Ariz. 
Randolph, Mrs. Robert Lee, Alexandria, La. 
Redman, Ray C, Vincennes, Ind. 
Reed, P. L., Richmond, Va. 
Richardson, Albert Levin, Baltimore. Md. 
Richardson, Wm. D., Richmond, Va. 
Ridgeley. Mrs. Jane M., Springfield, 111. 
Riv'-s, Mrs. W. C, Washington, D. C. 
RcBards, Col. John Lewis, Hannibal, Mo. 
Roberson, Mrs. J. Fall, Cropwell, Ala. 
Roberts, Mrs. James W., Marietta, Ohio. 
Robertson, Frank S., Abingdon, Va. 
Robertson, John C, Richmond, Va. 
Robertson, Thos. B., Hopewell, Va. 
Robins, Dr. C. R.. Richmond, Va. 
Robinson, Alexander G., Louisville, Ky. 
Robinson, Judge C. W., Newport News, Va. 
Robinson, P. M., Clarksburg, W. Va. 
Rockwell, Mrs. Eckley, Washington, D. C. 
Roller, Gen. John E., Harrisonburg, Va. 
Rose. Mrs. Robert L., New York, N. Y. 
Ryan, Thos. F., Oak Ridge, Va. 

Sands, Alexander H., Richmond, Va. 
Savage. N. R., Richmond, Va. 

Scherr, Henry, Williamson, W. Va. 
Schouler, Prof. James, Intervale, N. H. 
Schwartz, J. L., Washington, D. C. 
Scott, George Cole, Richmond, Va. 
Scott, Thomas B., Richmond, Va. 
Scott. W. W., Richmond, Va. 
Shearer, W. B., New Orleans, La. 
Shepherd, Dr. Wm. A., Richmond. Va. 
Shine, Dr. Francis Eppes, Bisbee, Ariz. 
Shippen, Mrs. Rebecca Lloyd. Washington 

D. C. 
Sim, John R., New York, N. Y. 
Sitterding, Fritz, Richmond, Va. 
Smith, Austin, Middletown, Ohio. 
Smith. A. D., Fayetteville, W. Va. 
Smith, Miss Alda L., Belton. S. C. 
Smith, H. M., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Smith, Willis B., Petersburg, Va. 
Smith, Captain. R. C, U. S. N.. Island of 

Smithwick, Mrs. Martha, C. D., Memphis. 

Southall, Rev. S. O., Dinwiddie, Va. 
Spencer, Mrs. Samuel, Washington, D. C. 
Spilman, Gen. B. W., Warrenton, Va. 
Stanard, W. G., Richmond, Va. 
Staton, Mrs. James G.. Wiiliamston. N. C. 
Stearnes, Arthur L., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Steiger, E., New York, N. Y. 
Stettinius, Mrs. E. R., New York, N. Y. 
Stevens, B. P. and Brown, London, Eng. 
Stevens, Prof. H. Morse, Berkeley. Cal. 
Stewart, Miss Annie C, Brook Hill, Va. 
Stewart, Miss E. Hope, Brook Hill, Va. 
Stewart, Miss Norma. Brook Hill, Va. 
Stewart, Miss Lucy W., Brook Hill. Va. 
Stewart, Rev. J. Calvin, Richmond, Va. 
Stewart, J. A., Louisville, Ky. 
Stiles, Mrs. Barnett, Winslow, Arizona. 
Stone, Miss Lucie, P., Hollins, Va. 
Strother, Henry, Fort Smith. Ark. 
Strother, James French, Welch, W. Va. 
Strother, Hon. P. W., Pearisburg, Va. 
Stuart, Hon. Henry C, Elk Garden, Va. 
Symington, Miss Edith, Baltimore, Md. 

Taliaferro, Mrs. Richard P., Ware Neck. Va. 
Taylor, Dr. Fielding L., New York, N. Y. 
Taylor, Jacquelin P., Richmond, Va. 
Taylor, John M., Richmond, Va. 
Taylor, Prof. T. U., Austin, Texas. 
Taylor, W. E., Norfolk, Va. 
Terhune, Mrs. E. T., New York, N. Y. 
Thomas, Douglas H., Baltimore, Md. 
Thompson, Mrs. W. H., Lexington, Ky. 
Thornton, Mrs. Champe F.. Norfolk, Va. 


Thornton, R. G., Richmond, Va. 

Throckmorton, C. Wickliffe, Leon Springs, 

Thruston, R. C, Ballard, Louisville, Ky. 
Tidball, Prof. Thomas A., Sewanee, Tenn. 
TiJcastle. Mrs. William W., Milton, Mass. 
TiflEany, Mrs. Louis McLane, Baltimore, 

Torrence, W. Clayton, Richmond, Va. 
Traber, Mrs. Herman, Muskogee, Oklahoma 
Travers, S. W., Richmond, Va. 
Traylor, \V. G., Princeton, N. J. 
Trippe, Mrs. M. VV., New York, N. Y. 
Tucker, H. St. George, Lexington, Va. 
Tunstall, Richard B., Norfolk, Va. 
Tunstall, Robi^rt B., Norfolk, Va. 
Turner, Rev. C. H. B., Lewes, Del. 
Turner, D. L., New York, N. Y. 
Turner, Morton W., Roanoke, Va. 
Turner, W. H., Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Tyler, Dr. Lyon G., Williamsburg. Va. 

Valentine, B. B., Richmond, Va. 

Valentine, E. V., Richmond, Va. 
Valentine, G. G., Richmond, Va. 
Valentine, M. S., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Vietor, E. K., Richmond, Va. 
Vincent, George A., Fairmount, W. Va. 

Waggener, B. P., Atchison, Kan. 
Walker, G. A.. New York, N. Y. 
Walker, J. G., Richmond, Va. 
Walker, KorvtU B., Richmond, Va. 
Waller, E. P., Schenectady, N. Y. 
Walling. Mrs. Willoughby, Chicago, lU. 
Walton, C. Coitlandt, Richmond, Va. 
Wanless, Newton, Ballarat, Australia. 
Ware. Mrs. L. C, Staunton, Va. 
Washburne, Mrs. Mary M., Louisville, Ky. 
Waters, J. S. T., Baltimore, Md. 
Watts. Judge Legh R., Portsmouth, Va. 
Wayland, Prof. J. W., Harrisonburg, Va. 
Webster. Admiral Harrie. U. S. N., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Weddell, Alexander W., U. S. Consul Gen- 
eral, Athens, Greece. 

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Eastern Shore Genealogies 

Genealogical Investigation made in the 
'records of the counties of Northampton 
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Eastville, Va. 



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)\N1IX JidOM.'.-, !nu1\s 1:,,,k. 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXV. January. 1917. No. 1 


By David I. Bushnell, Jr. 

The Virginia Gazette of April 19, 1787 contained this news 

"Richmond, April 18. 

A Gentleman who arrived the 9*'' of this month at Philadel- 
phia, from Kentucky, has favoured us with the following in- 
telligence, viz., That some prisoners having been taken by the 
inhabitants from the Indians in the month of October last, 
among which were a squaw and a Frenchman, the two latter 
v/ere sent out with proposals for an exchange of prisoners; in 
consequence of which, Noamohouoh(l), a Chief of the Shawo- 
nee nation, attended at the mouth of Limestone (2), on the 4*'» 
of March last, and delivered the follov/ing speech. 

My Brothers, 

I am very glad you are willing to exchange prisoners, and 
agreeable to your request by the squaw and Frenchman, have 
sent in three of yours, and hope that you wiU give up two for 


(2) Limestone creek ilows through the present Mason county, Ken- 
tucky, and enters the Ohio. Maysville, formerly known as Limestone, 
stands ai the mouth of the creek. 

r .oM VXX aoV 

mu TA sr/iooa viai lAa 

1 aiVACl Ya[ 

. '.81 

tfoy b> 


Mr. Clark's (3) son, and one a-piece for the othei-s, agreeable 
to your own proposals. I have been sent here by Captain 
Johnny (4), the Head Chief of the Shawonee nation, to repre- 
sent him to you, as he could collect the whole of the prisoners; 
wliich he will do and be at Limestone within one month of the 
date hereof; and for fear your people should be uneasy, have 
sent me with the above-mentioned prisoners as a confirmation 
of our intentions. 

He further says, that the Delawares, Mingoes, and Wiandots, 
have wanted them to go up the Big River to make peace with 
the white people, but we refused, and will not have any concern 
with them, as we think this is the place to exchange prisoners 
and settle our peace, and hope you will not pay any attention 
to other nations talk, for we mean to be at peace. (5j 

Chief of the Shawonee nation. 

The Indians from beyond the Ohio had been very active, and 
during the early auttmm of 1786 Col. Benjamin Logan (6) was 
ordered by Gen. Clark to raise a force to penetrate the Indian 
country. Accordingly Logan gathered between four hundred 
and five hundred men, crossed the Ohio at Limestone, and went 
as far as the head of Mad river, in the present Logan Co. Ohio. 
Towns and fields were laid waste, and about seventy jDrisoners 
tdcen. (7) 

It was, undoubtedly, to the prisoners taken by Col. Logan 

that the article in the Gazette refen-ed, the same who were later 

to be supplied with provisions by Daniel Boone and John Crow. 

(3) It is not known to whom this may refer. 

(5) The treaty of Fort Mcintosh was signed January 21, 1785 by 
Commissioners of the United States "and the Sachems and Warriors of 
the Wiandot, Delaware, Chippewa and Ottawa Nations." The Shawnee 
did not take part in this treaty, but one year later, at the mouth of the 
Great Miami, on January 31, 178C, they signed a separate treaty with 
representatives of the United States. 

(6) Benjamin Logan was bom in Augusta Co. Virginia, about 1742, 
and died in Kentucky, December 11, 1802. Was with the expedition 
commanded by Col. Henry Bouquet, and in 1775 joined Daniel Boone, 
then on his way to Kentucky. Soon he began the construction of the 
stockade known as Logan's Fort, one mile east of the present Stanford. 
He was actively engaged in public affairs, and often served in the legis- 
lature of the newly formed state. 

(7) Collins, R. H. History of Kentucky. I. Covington, 1878. 

Boone, 1786-1787 ■ 3 

Boone was at this time an Inn keeper and merchant at Lime- 
stone, having settled there a few months previous. His ac- 
counts made at this time, aU in his own writing, have recently 
been discovered among the Vouchers of the Contingent Fund, 
in the Virginia State Library, and are now, for the first time 
printed. They are given in chronological order, the first prob- 
ably indicating the date of the arrival of the captives. 

October the 15*i» 1786 
State of virgania Dr to Dal Boone 
for 19 galons of Whiskey Delivered to 
the Indins priseners on there first arrivel 

at Limeston £3-0-0 

Daniel Boone 
Aug 22"^ 1787 

1 duler certify the Above Account to be just 

Benjamin Logan 

The squaw and Frenchman who were mentioned in the Ga- 
zette later obtained many articles from Boone, as noted on the 
second voucher: 

Limestone feb'ry y* 2 1787 
Daniel Boone Furnished the Frenchman 
& Squaw With 

one Gun - (Q>....2. 0. 

2 Saddles @ 30s-d 3. 0. 

2 Bnddle @ 5s-d —.- .0. 10. 

2 Qts Salt -Is-d — 0. 2. 

1 Lb Powder..._ 0. 6. 

2 Lb Lead Public Property 

20 Lb Bread 0. 5. 

20 Lb Dry Beef - 0. 5. 

1 Ax - 0. 16. 

1 Bag @--0. 6. 

To 4 Days Diet 1. 4. 

1 Shott Bag & Horn _ 0. 5. 

2 Horses Public Property 1. 4. For 


/b I 


Bringing them In 
1 Blanket @ -0. 15. 9 

1 Qt Rum - - @ -0. 5. 

2 Men 4 Dayes as a gard 1. 12. 

12. 9. 
Daniel Boone 
On the back of the slip is this indorsement : 
August 22*" 1787 
The within mentioned Artickels was nessassary for 
the Indiens & I think the Accounts is just 

Benjamin Logan ■ •■ 

As related in the Gazette, the Shawnee chief visited Lime- 
stone March 4, 1787 and delivered three white captives, asking 
in exchange four of the Indians then held by the whites. The 
following account may refer to this exchange of prisoners. 

Daniel Boone Furnished Peter and 

4 Prisoners — on the First Exchange 

With 3 Bush'ls Corn 0. 12. 

30 Lb Bacon.. _ 1. 10. 

10 Lb Dry Beef... 0. .3 4 

2 Qts Salt. 0. .3 

2. 8. 4 
Daniel Boone 
And on the back it is indorsed : 
August 22*'^ 1787 
the within Mentioned Artickels was nessasary for 
the Indiens & I think the Accounts is just 

Benjamin Logan 

In the next voucher the Frenchman is again mentioned. The 
last item on this document is of special interest, showing as it 
does that Boone had a Shanwee chief, probably Noamohouoh, 
at his Inn for twenty days. 

Limestone Ap'l 27t»^ 1787 

) c»ffT n't iL(*f/iio^y ja/^ 

am Jiwvrja pwffoik>l 



. ■-. ■ ■ .-'.J \ 

.d 3Ai no f 

Boone, 1786-1797 

Daniel Boone Furnished the . ... 

Indians With the Following provisions 

21 Gall'ns Whisky...._ £ 6. 6. 

230 Lb Flower 2. 6. 8 

100 Lb Bacon 4. 0. 

100 Lb Dry Beef 1. 13. 4 

14. 6. 
John Riggs Express Eight days, Man & 

Horse - 2. 8. 

and 9 men 

George MiliEord an ascort 4 day 5. 0. 

Cash to Bare the Frenchmans Expence 

to Danville _ '-l- 12. 

one Beef For thir Return Home 3. 10. 

Micagy Callaway Served twenty 

days as an Interpreter 6. 0. 

Shanee Chief 20 days diet_ 1. 16. 

£34. 12. 

August 22*'' 1787. The within mentioned Artickels was nes- 
sasary for the Indiens & I think the Account is just 

Benjamin Logan .. x 

Daniel Boone 
The most interesting of the Boone items consists of several 
sheets of paper, folded and fastened in book fonn, and bearing 
on the first page, in his own writing, the legend: 
Daniel Boones 

Indan Book 
Three pages of the book give Hsts of supplies furnished the 
Indians and charged to the "State of Virgania," all are here 
quoted in full, the third being reproduced. 
Page 1 

July the lO'"^ 1787 
State of Virgania D' to 
Dal Boon for Indan piuvistion 

50 lb. fiower..._ —.0. 12. 

Yi galon Salt 0. 2. 

■ dot 



PaCitt ;! 20 lb Backer -.. 0. 15. 

2 qurts Whiskey 0. 4.0 

2 Do for the gards - 0. 4. 

20 lb Backer Do - 0. 15. 

Do 1 galan Whiskey. _ 0. 6. 

Do 2 galons Salt 0. 6. 

Do 10 Diets - - 0. 12. 6 

Do 50 lb Wight flower 0. 12. 

2 Months Diet for 

:. ;,, V the interpeter peter - —4. 16. 

Do 50 lb flower.-... - 0. 12. 

Do 20 lb Backer...... 0. 15. 

Do 2 galons Whiskey 0. 12. 

'• , Do for Blanket - ---0. 10. 

;,, £11. 13. 6 

Page 2 

August the <6^^ 1787 furnished 
the Exspress from Capt Johney 
20 lb flower 1 galon Whiskey 

10 Shilings - 0. 10. 

, 10 lb Backer - 0. 10. 

,..: 20 lb Dry Beef 0. 6. 8 

100 lb flower to meet 

the priseners 1- 0- ^ 

20 lb Bacon. 1- 0- 

august the 10^'> 1787 furnished 
Capt Johneys Company and prisers 

400 lb flower 4. 0. 

400 lb Beef hid & tala - 3. 10. 

50 lb Bacon J. 2. 10. 

10 qurts Salt ^ - - 0. 12. 

4 bushel potacs... '- 0. 12. 

30 galans Whiska. 9- 0- f> 

2 Qurts Salt for peter 0. 2. 

£23. 12. 8 

8 {♦ .0 

Boone, J 780-1787 

Page 3 

To i Beef - - - 3. 10. 

To 2 vd Caleco for buril of the Dad 0. 16. 

To 10 Qurts Salt. 0. 10. 

2 bushels Corn 0. 8. 

Do 10 Bushels , .-2. 0. 

4 galons Whiskey ....1. 4. 

2 galans Brandy _..l. 4. 

20 lb Bacon... 1. 0. 

Cash navd for Com 0. 18. 

£13. 6. 

August 22 ^^ 1787 

The within mentioned 

Artickels was nessasary for 

the Indiens & I thinlc the 

Accounts is just 

200 lb Beef .1. 16. 

Benjamin Logan 

£13. 6. 

P' lage 11. 13. 6 

2nd 23. 12. 8 

3'' 13. 6. 

48. 12. 2 

Daniel Boone 
During the autumn of 1787 Boone was a. member of the Vir- 
ginia legislature, and in this capacity remained in Richmond 
from October until the following January. The indorsements 
on the five vouchers bear the same date, August 22, and prob- 
ably indicate the time of his departure from Kentucky. The 
papers were evidently carried by Boone to Richmond and pre- 
sented for collection soon after his arrival, as indicated by the 
entry- Ln \he Journal of ike G<r:ernor and Cauiucil (Ex&rnlivt) 
jVfs. vol in the Virginia State Librar>^ 


iy-^u , 


/t f;i 





Monday October 22^ 1787 
The Governor laid before the board a Claim of 

Daniel Boone for Supplies furnished the Indian Prisoners 

per order of Colo Logan — 

Also a claim of Thomas Ball for twelve Days waggonage 

& forage found in can-ying said prisoners to Limestone as 

certified by Colo Logan. 

Whereupon it is advised 

That the Auditor be directed to settle the said Claims and 

make a reasonable allowance therefor out of the Contingent 

fund to be charged to the United States. 

The following paper was filed with the vouchers and shows 
•Boone's claim to have been allowed, a warrant being issued 
two days later. ^^ ^, 

In Council October 22^ 1787 

Tlie Auditor is directed to settle the account of 
Daniel Boone for supplies fumished the 
Indian prisoners, as certified by Colo Logan 
&: make him a reasonable allowance, out 
of the Contingent fimd, for the supplies fur- 
nished as aforesaid, to be charged to the 
United States — 

Extract from the Minutes — 
• ■ , A. Blair C. C. 

State of Daniel Boone's claim 

Amount of Supplies p Voucher No. 1 48. 12. 2 

ditto 2 12. 9. 

ditto 3 -34. 12. 

ditto 4. 3. 0. 

ditto 5 2. 8.4 

£101. 1.0 
Warrant'^ 24 Octo. '87 

■ I, BcoNE, 1786-1787 9 

The voucher presented by Thomas Ball (or Balls), as indi- 
cated in the Journal quoted above, is preser\^ed among the Con- 
tingent Fund vouchers in the Virginia State Library and is here 
given in full : 

Crows Station September 17*^ 1787 
I Do hear by Certify that Thomas Balls waggon and teem and 
waggonier Sarved In Actual Sar\ns by Collo. Logans Orders 
t\\ elve Days In Carrying the Indian Prisaners to Limestone, and 
Brought Back from Lexington nine hundred Pounds of Powder 
to Dar.viUe. also Furnished two Bushels of Indian Com— Five 
and one half Bushels of Oats and one Dozen of Sheaf Oats, and 
two hundred w' of hay for the use of Said teem. The time Com- 
menced the thirteenth Day of august and Ended the twenty 
Fourth Boath Days Included given Under My hand the 

12 (lay at 15s £9. 0. Day above written 

John Crow C J P (8) 
Benjamin Logan 

' The \'oucher bears this indorsement: 

In Council October 22^ 1787 
The Auditor will settle the within Claim of Thomas Ball & 
make him a reasonable allowance out of the Contingent fund, 
for twelve Days Waggonage & forage found in carrying indian 
prisoners to Limestone as per order of Colo Logan, to be 
Charged to the United States 


A. Blair C. C. 

How 10 obtain the necessar>' supplies for the Indian prisoners 
appears to have been a very grave problem, and John Crow, who 
had been appointed commissary to the Indians, was of ten forced 
to make the purchases at his personal risk. His petition to the 
General Assembly of the State of Virginia is among the Execu- 
tive Papers, October 1787, in the Virginia State Library, and is 
of the greatest interest, bearing as it does the signatures of many 
who were destined to become famous in the annals of PCentucky. 
The petition is given in full : 

(S) John Crow settled near Danville before 1782. 


To the Honourable the General Assembly 
of the State of Virginia 

The Petition (3f John Crow humbly Sheweth 

That he was appointed by Colonel Logan Commissary of the 
Indian Prisoners who were taken by the troops xmder his com- 
mand in the autumn of 178G, & was in consequence of this ap- 
pointment ordered by Cap" Greenuj) to procure for the said 
Prisoners forty days provisions. 

That after this had been expended, he was ordered to procure 
tJirity days provisions m.ore, & for want of any mode being 
adopted for the support of said Prisoners, your Petitioner, 
through humanity, saw himself obliged to supply the said pris- 
oners from time to time with provisions & other necessaries, 
w^iich made it impossible to him to Supply them at as cheap a 
rate as if he had been beforehand apprized of the length of time 
and number of Rations which he was to furnish the said Pris- 
oners; and as he continues to act as a Commissary for tliem & 
has been & is obliged to pay cash for their necessaries, Your 
petitioner hopes that you will order his account to be paid out 
of the treasury; or if it does not seem to you expedient, that you 
\A'(:)ald order that he should receive the amount of his accompt 
out of the monies that are now, or hereafter may be in tlie Cus- 
tody of the Clerks of the several Courts of the District of Ken- 
tucky, as it is impossible for him to Support the said prisoners, 
without being enabled by your Honourable bod}' to lay in more 
provisions, and Your Petitioner, as in duty bound, Shall 

ever pray &c 

John Crow 

We certify that the above Petitioner has supjjlied the Indian 
Pi-isoners with provisions & other necessaries, at great ex]>ence 
& detriment of his own affairs; & that he has sundry times made 
apjjlication to the ]jeople of this District to Join him in the 
support of the said Prisoners, ])ut without any effectual mode 
being adopted for helping liim to furnish further supplies. 

i'^ Boone, 178&-1787 11 

John Edwards Caleb Wallace 

P. Tardiveau Harry Innis 

Benjamin Logan James GiuTard 

John Crittenden Ben. Sebastian ^%. 

C. R. Clark George Muter 

Saml McDowell 
Isaac Cox 
On t)ie back of the paper is this note: 
Jno Crows pet^ 
Done Oct. 18, 1787 

The several documents given on the preceding pages, relating 
as they do to the economic conditions on the frontier of Virginia 
some five years before the District of Kentucky was set apart as 
a separate state, are of the greatest interest. Others of a lilie 
or even greater value are undoubtedly hidden among the in- 
numerable papers in the Virginia State Library, and eventually 
they may be brought to light and made available for the his- 
torian I now desire to acknowledge my indebtedness to Mr. 
Earl G. Swem of the library, for having called my attention to 
the items once belonging to that most romantic and typical 
character of frontier life, Daniel Boone. 





1752 AND 1753. 


Apr. 8. 

"Stolen or ranaway." — likely negro Virginia bom — Isaac. 
"He is supposed to be stolen by some person who has carried 
hiin out of the Colony." 4 pistoles reward— John Turner, 
Chesterfield Co. 

Ranaway from John Champe, King Geo. Co., convict Servant 
man named Richard Sadler. "His general . mployment was 
to drive a Cart." He is a supposed to have gone with a ser- 
vant man nam.ed Richard Williams, belonging to Mr. Samuel 

May 2-55. 

Whoever borrowed the second Volume of Monsieur Boyle's 
Historical Dictionary, of Mr. Robert Todd, late of Norfolk, 
deceas'd, will oblige the subscriber by forwarding it to the afore- 
said place, as he has purchased the other four Volumes — John 

Ran away — Servant — Joe Clark, pretends to be ship-carpen- 
ter or sawyer or Founder — an Englishman — Reward, Jno. Mer- 
cer—Marlborough, Stafford Co. 

May 9-55. 

Last Tuesday the following Criminals who were convicted 
at the Beginning of the Court, received Sentence, viz.: 

John Turner for Ivlurder, Death. 

Judith Bird, for Felony, burnt in the hand. 

Mary Murray, alias Clark, alias Atkins, her former sentence 
of Death ordered to be put in Exeaition. 

John Fraser and William Thompson, for Felony, burnt in the 


Ran away— slave Sam— Reward 2 pistoles.— Edward Hack 
Mosely, Pr. Anne Co. 

Apr. 22 last, was left at my plantation in Albemarle Co., by 
one Jno. Bucknell, "who was taken up on suspicion of Horse- 
stealing, and made his Escape that night, " a bay gelding, etc. 

May 9, 1755. March 30, 1755, 

Mr. Hunter, 

Mr. William Blackwell brought an Action against me, for 
Words spoken by me in great Heat and Passion. As I think an 
Acknowledgment to an injured Man veiy well becomes a 
Gentleman, I take this public Method to repair Mr. Blackwell' s 
Character by desiring you to insert this in your Gazette, That 
I always considered Mr. Blackwell and all his Family, as persons 
of great Honesty and Integrity, and that what I said of him 
was occasioned by Passion and Misrepresentation only. 

G. Johnston. 

May 9, 1755. 

Stolen from the Court-house in Albemarle Co., a horse, etc.— 

Matthews Jordan. 

(Boston), Sept. 5, 1755. 
"We hear from Kittery, in the County of York, that about 
three weeks ago, a Negroe Fellow of that Town, having be- 
haved ill to his Master, he had him corrected, which the Fellow 
resented so highly, that he resolved to take away his Master's 
Life, but judging him not fit to die, he got up in the Night, took 
a child about 6 or 7 years old out of its Bed, and threw it into 
the well, where it perished. After this, he went to York, and 
delivered himself up to the Sheriff, informing him what he had 
done, and being asked what moved him to commit the horrid 
Fact, he said he wanted to die, but not did thinli it lawful to 
lay violent hands on himself, that he was sure he would be 
hanged, but should have Time to repent before that Time came. 
He was committed to Goal. 


Sept. 5-1755— "To the Printer, Williamsburg Aug. 30, 1755. 

As the following Advice may be of some use, I beg Leave to 
inform the Public, That being on a Journey from Philadelphia 
to Williamsburg, in this Colony (where I live), I was on the 14*^ 
of tliis Instant, about Two o'Clock in the Afternoon, in a bye 
Road, about six miles from Bladensburgh, in the Province of 
Maryland, and nine Miles from Alexandria or Belhaven in the 
Colony of Virginia, robbed by a Person who was seen to join 
me at Bladensburgh, Town's End, and pretended to be going 
the same Road with me. He threatened my Life, and took 
from me the following things: watch, money, horsewhip, and 
saddle bags. Person is named Benj. Brown, last abode Arundel 
Co., Md, where he had "run away" on account of some thefts — 
subscription in that neighborhood of £15 or 20 for apprehend- 
ing }4 value of goods to person restoring them to Daniel Fisher. 

Sept. 5-55. 

Runaway — negro Mungo. Has been outlawed — Jno. Norton 
of Yorktown. 

Ranaway — Servant woman. Harriet Willson — 30 yrs. — 
born in Denmark, but speal<s low Dutch. "It is supposed she 
has dressed herself in Sailor's Apparell, in order to go to London" 
in a ship from Hampton — Reward 3 pistoles, Henry Bunker, 
Frederick Co. (Winchester). 

May 16-55. 

Ranaway — Servant man, Wm. Jackson, ploughman, aged 24 
just imported in the Wilcox — 1 pistole reward — Peter Randolph, 


May 23— "Williamsburg. 

On Tuesday the 20th of this Instant, was determined at the 
New Kent Court House, the great Cock Match between Glou- 
cester and New Kent, for Ten Pistoles a Battle and a Hundred 
the Main, there fell Eighteen in the Match, of which the New 

fi sotvbA ii|«rw)IIo1 atii nA 

-■'■■■■ ■^■■)^ 


Kent men won Ten and Gloucester seven, one a drawn Battle; 
Some James River Cocks that fell on the New Kent side distin- 
guished themselves in a very "extraordinary^ manner." 

"This Day John Turner, for Murder, and Mary Murray, 
alias Clark, alias Atkins, were executed at the Gallows near this 

May 23-1755. 

Stolen from Jos. Johnson's door, in Wmsbg — bay horse. 

"Any Gentleman that is in want of a Schoolmaster to teach 
Children English, Writing, Arithmetic, and the Practical Parts 
of the Mathematics, may hear of one that can be well recom- 
mended by enquiring at the Printing-Oftice, Williamsburg." 

"Anne Cass, a daughter of Mr. Daniel Sharp, of Wakefield, 
in Yorkshire, was some years ago sold as a Servant to Mr. John 
Page, of Williamsburgh, and by him again sold to Mr. Penman, 
who also sold her to a Person whose name he does not remember, 
but believes she may live somewhere in North Carolina. If 
therefore the said Anne Cass will make known the Place of her 
residence, or being a servant, her Master will kindly notify his 
desire of disposing of her for the remaining time of service, to 
the honorable William Fairfax in Virginia, he will make the 
required satisfaction, and give the said Anne an Account of 
some Proposal's for her Benefit." 

May 23. 

Dated Nov. 13, 1754. Taken from a certain Person sus- 
pected to be a runaway, a bay horse, etc. — Apply to Jno, 
Phillips, Broad Bow of Potomack, Fairfax Co. 

Deserters from Army constantly advertised. 

Sept. 12-55. 

Phila. Aug. 21— Murder in Chester Co. by Jno. Myrack. 
Murdered wife, then burnt her face, beat 2 childrens skulls to 
pieces on rock, took neighbor's child (at his house nursing) away 
and killed it; tried to escape, taken and confined, "bound fast" 
in goal. 



Many soldiers have deserted taking province arms, and sold 
them. Proel. warning all that suits will be brought. Deserters 
may return before Sept. without punishment. 

Sept. 12, 1755. 
"Virginia ss. 
By the Honorable Robert Dinwiddie, Esq., His Majesty's 
Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief of the Colony 
and Dominion of Virginia : 

A Proclamation for a Fast. 

Whereas we have but too much Reason to fear, that our 
sins have justly provoked the Almighty to send down upon us 
his heavy judgements of War and Famine; and as national 
Repentence is the only Remedy for national Guilt, I have there- 
fore thought fit to issue this Proclamation, appointing Wednes- 
day the 24th of September to be religiously and devoutly ob- 
served as a General Fast, for the solemn and public Humiliation 
of ourselves before Aknighty God, in Order to supplicate His 
devine Majesty for the Pardon of our Sins, for averting those 
heavy Judgments, and m.ore particularly for the Preservation 
of us from the hands of our Enemies. 

And I hereby strictly charge and require, that in all churches, 
where the ministers can possibly attend, devine service be per- 
foi-med, and a sermon be preached suitable to the Occasion, and 
that on some preceding Sunday they give Notice of the said 
FAST and exhort their several Congregations to a devout and 
religious Observance of it. 

Given under m.y Hand, at Williamsburg, this 28th Day of 
August, in the 29th Year of His Majesty's Reign and in the 
year of our Lord 1755. 

Robert Dinwiddie. 


Lottery to raise £6875 for preserving the country against the 
French, 25,000 tickets, 2050 prizes, price 1 pistole each. 


Sept. l'J-i755. 

"Paris, June 2. The following is the sentence passed upon 
Lewis ]\[audrin, on the 24th of A'lay, and executed on the 26th" 
for coniraband trade, counterfeiting, and murder, "to be de- 
livered to the Executioner of Justice, and be stripped to his 
Shirt, M ith a rope about his neck, and a v/riting affixed contain- 
ing these Characters, The Chief of Smugglers, of Criminals, 
guilty of High Treason, of Assassins, Robbers, and Disturbers 
of the Public Peace, holding in his Hand a lighted Wax Candle 
of the AVeight of Two Pounds, before the Cathedral Church of 
Valence, in Dauphiny, where the said Maudrin, bare-headed 
and kneeling, shall declare with a loud Voice, that he begs Par- 
don of God, of the King, and of the Officers of Justice, for all the 
Crimes and Villainies by him committed. He shall then be 
taken to the Place of execution, and there have his Arms, 
Legs, Thighs, and Back broken while alive, on a Scaffold pre- 
pared for this Purpose, and at length be put on a Wheel with 
his Face turned towards Heaven, where he is to end his life. 
After which, his dead Body shall by the Executioner be exposed 
in the Gibbet of that City. Previously to this, the said Maudrin 
shall be put to the Question ordinary and extraordinary by 
torture, in order to obtain from his own Mouth the Truth of the 
Facts mentioned in his Trial, together with the Discovery of 
his Accomplices. We also hereby declare all and each of his 
Goods Confiscated to the King, &c." 

Sept. 19-55. 

Ran away from Richard Taylor, an Irish convict Servant 
woman, named Margaret Connel, alias Sullivane, between 40 
and 50 yrs. old, has a down Look, and speaks much on the 

In Chesterfield goal, runaway named Jenny says, be- 
longs to John Hill, of Jamaica, and brought to Maryland by 
one Lul:e Davis. 

To bt sold — Ten choice Slaves, most of them Va. bom. — Jno. 
Hood, Pr, Geo. Co. 

''f .if! J I'j 

rir ^j r>9J/j3«rtfio J ^bortt) 


London Magazine of May, 1755. 

Quoted— Number of British subjects, men, women, etc., in 

colonies— „„ 

Halifax and Lunenburg, N. S ^."UU 

■Krn dU.UUU 

t , "■ ' 220,000 


R. Land Providence.... ^35.000 

NY - 1^0'°^^ 

Z; r 60,000 

l'^' j^^^^^^--- ":: 25o:ooo 

;f7 85.000 

^^ - 85,000 

l^-" 45,000 

f^-- :::::::::::::: 30,000 


Exclusive of negroes 

Sept. 26. . ,, . , , . 

Gov's Prod. : Few deserters have come m. Magistrates ana 
officers to search for them, and convey them to Fort Cumber- 
land. If dont return by Nov. 30, "I §hall give mmiediate Or- 
ders for their being prosecuted as Felons, to which, beyond all 
Doubt, they have subjected themselves by takmg His Maj- 
esty's Arms and Cloaths." , a • -u 

"A Young Man who can teach Reading, Writing, and Anth- 
metic, That will come well recommended, will meet with En- 
couragement by applying to 

Philip Grymes. 

Oct. 3. ^ Tr U 

Ranaway from Richard Adams, New Kent, Co., Va. born 
nec^ro slave-stole a bay horse. "I hear he has committed 
several Robberies in Goochland County." Has been Outlawed. 


Oct. 10. 

Ran away from Jno. Hobday, Gloucester Co. — Servant man 
named Jno. Hixon — says was bom in England, but supposed 
to be an Irishman — by trade a Smith — & delights much in mak- 
ing Clasp knives — has been used to the sea. 

Oct. 10-55. 

Ran away from Francis Willis, Jr., Gloucester Co., lusty 
young negro man — good plowman and carter — has a smooth 
tongue, has very good knack at telling a story — stole a horse — 
supposed to have gone to North Carolina. 

Oct. 17. ' •' --^ - 

North Carolina, Sept. 24. Ranaway from Henry Hill, 3 
slaves — Jenning, an Eboe negroe, yells and speaks seldom, 
though tolerable good English. John says he was bom in 
France. Boston, an Angola negro seems [?] "is scarrihed by 

"Strayed or stolen from Jno. Brunskill, Sr., St. Margaret's 
Parish, Caroline Co., bay horse. "N. B. For several weeks 
before the horse was missing, there had been lurking in the 
neighbourhood of Chesterfield a dark Mulatto, who called him- 
self a Portuguese, and went by the name of James Wallace, 
alias Waldong, with his Doxy, a Convict, and noted Pilferer. 
This Fellow pretended to be a Bricklayer and Plasterer, and 
that he was going down to Gloucester, County to seek work." — 
suspected of stealing the horse. 

Oct. 24-1755. 

On Wednesday and Thursday, the 16th and 17th Instant, 
the following Criminals were brought to their Trials, viz. : 

William Thompson, from King and Queen, for Felony, dis- 

Robert Swift, from Prince William, for Felony, convicted. 

John Hansell, Junior, from Westmoreland, for Felony, con- 



M<n John Morton, from Spotsylvania, for Murder, discharged. 

John Hart and John Le, from York, for Felony, Hart con- 
victed and Le acquitted. 

John Foreman, from Spotsylvania, for a rape, discharged. 
Davyd Say, from Accomack, for Felony, pleaded guilty. 
Mary Meade, alias Frazier, from Gloucester, for Felony, con- 
■J! John Dickerson and Richard Chapnian, from Dinwiddie, for 
]= Felony, Chapman pleaded guilty, and Dickerson discharged. 
John Nicholas, from King George, for Felony, discharged. 
John Goble, from Prince William, for Murder, guilty of Man- 

Oct. 24. 

Jno. Howard, overseer of late Rev. Mr. Stith, reports that 
• person answering the description of man robbing Daniel Fisher 
was at his house Sept. 2; had the stolen goods; went by name 
of Wm. Brown; on way to North Carolina; seems a "veo' reso- 
lute fellow." 

Oct. 31. 

In Wmsbg. goal, negro named James, has been m Warwick 
goal 2 months, says belongs to Adam Porter, N. Car. 

"Taken away" from Wm. Harding, Henrico Co., by a man 
calling self Thos. Buckner, a bay horse. 

In Pr. Anne goal, negro Tapley, says belongs to James Camp- 
bell, N. Car. 

Nov. 7. 

Ran away— white English servant boy— Wm. Bnnchand— 
Pock featured— stammers; shoemaker; took horse supposed 
gone to Augusta with Travellers— Return to Matthew William- 
son, Hanover Co. 

Runaway, negro wench— Patience— Wm. Booth, Westmore- 
land Co. . . 

" A Man well recommended, who can teach Reading, Wntmg 
and Arithmetic, will meet good encouragement by applying to 
the subscribers at Fredericksburg. 

Robert Jackson. 
F eliding Lewis.'' 


Mar. 21. — Wednesday 9th Sentences. '. 'K 

Jno. Hunt, Felony, death. • • ' j",' 

David vSay, Felony, death. 

Richard Chapman, Felony, death. ■ , 

Jno. Nicholas, Murder, death. 
Robt. Swift, Felony, burnt in hand. 
Mary Meade, Felony, burnt in hand. 

Jno. Goble, Manslaughter, burnt in hand. y\] . /■ 

Jno. Hansell, Felony, burnt in hand. 




VIRGINIA IN 1679-1680. 

(Abstracts by W. N. Sainsbury, and copies in the McDonald 

and De Jaraette Papers, Virginia State Library.) 


Whitehall, Sept. 24, 1679 
Order of the King in Council for a Clause to be added to 
Lord Culpeper's Commission for giving a consenting voice to 
the Secretary and Major General(l) of Virginia respectively 
provided the Committee for Trade and Plantations judge the 
same necessary for his Majesty's sei-vice. 
(Colonial Papers. l]4 PP-) 
Another copy is entered in Col. Entry Bk. No. 80. p. 365. 

Whitehall, Oct. 8, 1679 
Order of the Privy Council on report of Lord Culpeper of 
a promise made by his Maj. to Virginia of a convoy to attend 
his Lordship which cannot be made sufficiently useful unless the 
Oxford Frigate be ordered to convoy back the Virginia fleet to 
sail in April next at the farthest; that the Admiralty give direc- 
tions for provisioning said Frigate for two months longer than 
NY as formerly intended. 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 81. pp. 366-7.) 

[About Oct. 10, 1679] 
Mem. from Lord Culpeper in reference to the return of the 
Oxford Frigate from Virginia [which sailed from the Downs 13 
Feb'y 1679-80] which it is requested on behalf of the merchants 
may convoy home the Virginia Fleet by April at the farthest. 

(Colonial Papers). 

(1) The Secretary of State at this time was Nicholas Spencer, of 
Westmoreland, and the Major General, Robert Smith, of Middlesex. 


ao 2: Y'lOCi •:;>ril.ia/> 

VIRGINIA IN 1680. 23 

Oct. (?) 1679 
Petition of Robert Ayleway, Auditor general of Vir- 
ginia to the Lords of Trade and Plantations That he was 
appointed Auditor under the great seal on 16 Jan. 1678, for life 
with po\N'er to execute by Deputy but has been rejected by 
Governor Lord Culpeper and told that if petitioner had the 
office it should not be worth to him one penny. Prays he may 
not be interrupted in the execution of the said office or in re- 
ceiving the profits and benefits arising therefrom. 
(Colonial Papers 1. p.) 

Whitehall, Oct. 17, 1679 
Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations. 
Upon hearing the pretensions of M'' Ayleway to be admitted 
Auditor(2) of Virginia together with the allegations of Lord Cul- 
peper to the contrary, petition of said Ayleway was dismissed. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 106. p. 75.) see also Col. Entry Bk. No. 
80. p. 367. 

Oct. 20, 1679 

CoL. Francis Moryson to Madam Jeffreys. According 
to her desire he writes what he knows passed between Sir W. 
Berkeley- and her husband concerning the commencement of his 
Salary— that Col. Jeffreys should have his hundred pounds a 
month from his first coming into the Country, but he would 
find the place so "expensefull" that it would not give him salt 
to his bread — That the bills for the same were sent back again 
by Col. Jeffreys for some expressions in Sir William's letters that 
he did not relish — that he owed the money to Sir Wm's kindness 
and not to any right Col. Jeffreys had to demand it— With 
Certificate by Sir John Berry of the truth of this letter, being 
present when the discourse passed. 

(Colonial Papers. 2. pp.) 

(2) The actual Auditor General in Virginia at this time was Nathaniel 

Bacon, v'^.r. 



m; q 08 

ytOVVt^of ,' 9TOMit|-Fl v'^ 


[Oct. 24, 1679] 
Petition of Bartholomew Price Administrator to Col. 
Herbert Jeffreys Lieut. Governor of Virginia, to the King. 
That by his Maj. Instructions of 11 Nov. 1676, said Jeffreys 
A\as allowed the duties foi-merly paid to Sir W. Berkeley for 
support of the Govern* — That by his IVIaj. letters of 27 Dec. 
1077 he was appointed the yearly salary of £1200 until 25 
March 1678 after which time it was to be paid in England— That 
on said 25 March 1678 there remained three months salary due 
(being the sum now in dispute betv,-een Lady Berkeley & the 
relict of Col. Jeffreys) and £900 from said 25 March to 17 Dec. 
1678 vvhen the Colonel died— Prays in consideration of the 
premises and of the calamitous condition of said Col's wife and 
I'hild, for speedy payment of said arrears. 
(Colonial Papers. 1. p.) 

Nov. 8, 1679 
CoL. Alexander Culpeper to [the Secretary of the 
Lords of Trade and Plantations]. In reference to the peti- 
tion of Bartholomew Price now before their Lordships in which 
he claims the sum of £300 to which Lady Berkeley is legally 
entitled. — that she is expected by the next ships and hopes the 
hearing of the business may be adjourned until she can herself 
assert her just right. 
(Colonial Papers. 1. p.) 

Whitehall, Nov. 13, 1679 
Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations. 
In reference to petition of B. Price in iDehalf of Mris Jeffrey's; 
herself & Lord Culpeper examined therein who does not object 
anything why the sum she claims should not be paid to her; to 
consult Commiss" of the Treasury therein. 

Heads of Inquiry relating to his Government delivered to 
Lord Culpeper who commends himself to their Lordships pro- 
tection when he shall be in the exercise of his Government — 
Remarks concerning a sum of money assigned by Order in 
Council to M'- Sands & others out of the fund of 2s. per hogs- 
head in Virginia, in compensation for losses sustained by them 

VIRGINIA IN 1680. 25 

at sea— Lord Culpeper represents the ill etTects of said Order for 
his Maj. information. 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 106. pp. 89-91.) 

Council Chamber, Nov. 13, 1679 
The Secretary of the Lords of Trade and Plantations 
TO M' Guy (Secretary of the Treasury). In reference to 
Bartholomew Price's petition in behalf of the widow of Colonel 
Jeffreys— That Lord Culpeper is of opinion that the £900 
therein stated is due — requests the Lords of the Treasury- to 
write what may occur to them before the matter be reported 
to his Majesty, as also in reference to some money lately sent to 
Virginia by his Maj. orders of which no account appears as yet 
to have been made. Draft not signed. 
(Colonial Papers. 2 pp.) 

Whitehall, Nov. 13, 1679 
Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations. — 
That the inquiries given to Lord Culpeper touching Virginia 
were such as were sent to Sir Wm. Berkeley, but with certain 
alterations in some of the articles which are set forth. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 106. pp. 99-100.) 

Whitehall, Nov. 20, 1679 
The Committee for Trade and Plantations to Thos. 
Lord Culpeper, Governor of Virginia. — Recommend to him 
several heads of Inquiry (3) concerning the Colony of Virginia 
to which they expect his speedy answer— Require that he trans- 
mit a clear & full account of the state wherein he shall find said 
Colony and generally of all things entrusted to him. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 80. pp. 367-8.) 

(3) Culpeper' s replies to the questions here referred to, have appar- 
ently not been preserved but a report on Virginia made by him in 1683, 
was printed in this Magazine III, 225-238. 



WhitehaU, Nov. 20, 1679 
Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations— In 
reference to the petition of Mris. Jeffreys for the £300 demanded 
by her as salary due to her husband as Commander in chief of 
Virginia for the first three months after his arrival there — Their 
Lordships taking notice that the continuance of Sir W. Berkeley 
in Virginia after the arrival of Col. JefTreys was contrary to his 
Maj. pleasure agree to report that said stmi of £300 be paid to 
Mris. Jeffreys provided she give good security to abide his Maj. 
final determination when Lady Berkeley shall think fit to prose- 
cute her claim to said sum. 2 pp. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 106. pp. 101-2.) 

Whitehall, Nov. 28, 1679 
Order of the King in Council on Petition of Thos. Lord 
Culpeper Governor of Virginia to have the same honor & 
privilege as all his Maj. Governors of plantations in America 
of wearing a flag in the main top as soon as he is sailed out of the 
limits of the Narrow Seas ; directing the Lords of the Admiralty 
to allow the same if any of his Maj. Governors under the same 
character have actually enjoyed the privilege. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 80. pp. 376-7.) 

Whitehall, Dec. 3, 1679 
Order of the King in Council. That Lord Culpeper, 
according to his request, have liberty to stay in Town about his 
affairs until Monday next "and no longer and then to proceed 
forthwith on his voyage to that Government" [of Virginia] of 
which the Commiss''^ of the Admiralty are to take notice. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 80. p. 373.) 

Council Chamber, December 4, 1679 
Report of the Committee for Trade and Plantations 
to the King — on petition of Bartholomew Price Administrator 
to the late Lieut. Gov. Jeffreys, in reference to the right of the 
Widow Jeffreys to £300 for salary due to her husband for the 
first three months after his arrival there and Lady Berkeleys 

VIRGINIA IN 1680. 27 

pretensions to the same — that altho' Sir Wm. Berkeley re- 
mained actual Governor three months after the arrival of Col. 
Jeffreys it was contrary to his Maj. Order and Col. Jeffreys had 
no other maintenance or support for the said term than said 
£300; are of opinion it should be paid to said Price on giving 
security to abide his Maj. final determination if Lady Berkeley 
think fit to prosecute the matter further. 2 pp. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 80. pp. 369-371.) 

Whitehall, Dec. 5, 1679 
The King to Thos. Lord Culpeper Governor of Vir- 
ginia. Has lately received an Address from^the Assembly of 
Virginia dated 20 May last in behalf of themselves & his Maj. 
soldiers for payment of arrears and remission of arrears of Quit 
rents— Direct him to acquaint the Assembly upon his airival 
in Virginia with the care his Maj. had taken at Lord Culpeper's 
instance before the receipt of their address for payment of the 
arrears due to the soldiers & for the continuance of the same 
for the future without any charge or other trouble to the Coun- 
try than only to give credit for their Quarters at 2s. per week 
each until monies be from time to time remitted — And as to the 
Quit rents his Maj. will shortly give orders as will consist with 
his service and the ease of the people there — And that his Maj. 
has sent some laws to them to which he expects a cheerful and 
ready compliance. 

(Col, Entry Bk. No. 99. p. 3.) 

Whitehall, Dec. 5, 1679 
Order of the King in Council — That the Commissioners 
of his Maj. Ordnance forthwith put on board the Oxford Frigate 
the proportion of arms and furniture for two hundred Dragoons 
herein set forth to be there delivered to Lord Culpeper for the 
use of the Colony of Virginia. 

(Colonial Entry Bk. No. 80. pp. 373-4.) 

Whitehall, Dec. 5, 1679 
Warrant to Thos. Lord Culpeper, Governor of Vir- 
ginia, to declare his Maj. Assent, in the Grand Assembly of 

<H> .o 

{ .loO) 

f .;r; viJ.K'i JO 


Virginia to three Acts viz : of free & general Pardon, Indemnity 
and Oblivion, for Naturalization, and for raising a public reve- 
nue for the better support of the Government there to which 
the King has caused his Great Seal of England to be set. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 80. pp. 395-6.) 

Whitehall, Dec. 10, 1679 
Order of the King in Council that in case Lord Culpeper 
do not go on board the Oxford Frigate now lying in the Downs 
on Friday Evening next or before that time, said Frigate be then 
directed to come into the river Thames on Saturday morning 
next without fail or further delay. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 80. p. 375.) 

Whitehall, Dec. 17, 1679 
Order of the King in Council. Lord Culpeper having 
failed to go on board the Oxford Frigate at the time appointed 
by an Order of 10'^ Inst, his Maj. is pleased to direct one of his 
Principal Secretaries of State to signify by letter to the Lord 
Culpeper the high displeasure his Majesty hath conceived at 
his delay and neglect of duty and that his royal intentions are 
to appoint another Governor for Virginia unless he repair 
v/ithout further delay on board the Oxford Frigate as soon as 
the same returns to the Downs; the charge of pilotage which 
Lord Culpeper has occasioned to be deducted out of his Salary. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 80. pp. 375-6.) 

1680 [?] 
The Council of Virginia to the Committee for Trade 
AND Plantations. Acknowledge receipt of their Lordships 
"long dated" letter of 14 Jan. 1679-80 (which see) and have duly 
observed the directions therein contained by an annual trans- 
mitting of all Laws & Orders S:c. while Lord Culpeper was 
actually present [from May was to Aug. 1680, when he sailed 
for England] who carried exact copies of all transactions with 
him — Their trade in a more declining condition than ever has 
been known by the low value or rather no value of their only 
commodity, tobacco, and the indigency of the inhabitants, so 

fV S-O n 

VIRGINIA IN 1680. 29 

that if some means be not timely taken to raise their now totally 
sunk commodity, the inhabitants will be in a most deplorable 
condition and the peace & quiet of the Government will be 
hazarded . 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 80. p. 410.) 

Whitehall, Jan. 13, 1679-80 
Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations. 
Ivlris. Jeffreys acquaints the Committee that Alderman Jeffreys 
had refused to take security of her for the £300 to be paid by 
him for salary due to her late husband. Ordered that she bring 
good security to the Council Board to answer the suit of Lady 
Berkeley. This was done on the 16'^' and an Order granted to 
Alderman Jeffreys to pay the money without taking security. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 106. p. 114.) 

Whitehall, Jan. 16, 1679-80 
Order of the King in Council on petition of Bartholomew 
Price, Administrator to Lieut. Gov. Herbert Jeffreys, directing 
Alderman Jeffreys forthwith to pay £300 to said Price, he hav- 
ing given security to the Clerk of the Council for repayment of 
same according to his Maj. directions upon any future deter- 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 80. pp. 399-400.) 

Jan. 14, 1679-80 
The Lords Committee for Trade and Plantations to the 
Governor and Council, the Secretary and Clerk of the 
Assembly at Virginia. That they send Quarterly accounts of 
all their proceedings Minute only. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 80. p. 400.) 

Jan. 14, 1679-80 
The Committee of Trade and Plantations to the Gov- 
ernor & Council of Virginia. That they transmit quarterly 
a journal and account of all matters Civil, Ecclesiastical and 
Military — Council Debates and results on framing of laws. 
The present state of trade outwards and inwards — How the 



Colony may be improved and what else shall be necessary for 
the information of the Committee, which accounts are to be 
signed by the Governor and Council and duplicates to be sent 
by the next conveyance — This letter to be registered in the 
Council book. 

(Colonial Papers, see 20*'' Nov. 1679.) 

;■ Jan. 14, 1679-80 

'••• The Committee OF Trade AND Plantations TO THE Secre- 

H(;t :. ' tary of Virginia. To transmit quarterly by himself or Deputy 

a particular account of all things that pass his OfRce — with 
'■' copies or full abstracts of all Orders and Duplicates by the next. 

This letter to be entered in his Ofhce book. 
(Colonial Papers, see 20 Nov. 1679.) 

Jan. 14, 1679-80 
The Committee of Trade and Plantations to the Clerk 
OF the Assembly of Virginia(4) — To send Quarterly Journals 
of the Assembly with copies of all their Votes, Orders and Bills — 
and Duplicates by the next — This letter to be entered in the 
books of the Assembly. 

(Colonial Papers, see 20. Nov. 1679.) 

Whitehall, Jan. 14, 1679-80 
Order of the King in Council on a Motion made this day 
by the Lord Bishop of London concerning the state of the 
Church in his Maj. Plantations — that the Lords of Trade & 
Plantations signify his Maj. pleasure unto his respective Gov- 
ernors in America that every Minister within their Govern- 
ment be one of the Vestry in his respective parish and that no 
Vestry be held without him, except in case of sickness, or that 
after notice of a vestry summoned he absent himself. 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 97. p. 95.) 

(4) In consequence of this order the minutes of Assembly were regu- 
larly sent to England, and a complete file, from 1680, is now in the Public 
Record Office. All of the Journals of the House of Burgesses from that 
date have been printed by the Va. State Library. 

' e'iP ..'n'xjfjM liUi 

VIRGINIA IN 1680. 31 

Virginia, March 15, 1679-80 

NicHO. Spencer to 

They cannot be sure in any Indian Treaty — Negotiations by 
Col. Wood, a person well skilled in all Indian affairs, who ar- 
ranged tliat the chief men of the Indian Towns in hostility 
should meet at James Town on the 10^^ present, but they ap- 
peared not — Thinks they were prevented by the clandestine 
designs of some Indian traders, his reasons ; The grounds of the 
late murder: revenge the motive for it. Conceives that rash 
act of Capt. Byrd's unwarrantable. Supposes by the next ships 
he may spealc positively whether they must prepare for a de- 
fensive war or enjoy the happiness of peace. 

(Colonial Papers. 2 pp.) 

(To be continued) 

^d o"i ) 



From the Originals in the Library of Congress. 

*A11 erasures in the originals are here printed in italics. 

Y* is ordered y* John Geney in regarde of his Contempt 
against the Governor's express Comande and his Scandalous 
Speeches in Accusing Capt. Tucker w'th murther, shalbe 
whipped and receave Sixtee vStripes, And also shall ask Capt. 
Tucker forgiveness in open Courte, as also in the publique con- 
gregation at Elizabeth Cyttie, And to pay Capt. Tucker 200 li. 
weight of Tobacco, And to be ymi^risoned heere untill he put 
in very sufficyent bond to his good behaviour 
Arthur Avelinge Swome and exam'd sayeth, That be beinge at 
Damarells Cove in Canada abourde the Swan, one who came 
abourde asked Mr Nevell wherefore his brother suffered death, 
Mr Cornish was put to death, Then Edward Nevell answered 
he was put to death through a scur\ae boy's means, & no other 
case [?] against him. Then the other man replied I have ill luck 
my brother came to such an end 

Y* is ordered y*' Edward Nevell(l) for his offence shall stand 
one ye pillory w'th a paper on his head shewing the cause of his 
offence in the markett place, and to loose both his Eares and to 
serve the Colony for 8 yeares, And forever to be incapable to be 
A ffreeman of the Country 

(1) Edward Nevell, who received this horrible punishment seems to 
have been a man of some standing, as he is frequently referred to in con- 
nection with Weston's ships. He may liave been Weston's agent or the 
purser of one of his ships. 


Mr Abraham Peersie doth testifie y* Wm Geney(2) refused to 
make Satisffaction to Capt. Tucker for Mr. Rastell's dept ac- 
cording to his covenant, except Capt. Tucker would Satisfie 
an Account w'ch then he did p'duce. 


Y' is ordered y' Capt. Tucker shall pay Mr George Sandys 
fortie weight of tobacco for ye dept of Mr Rastell w'ch is dew 
for six bushell of come dew to be paid by bill this last Summer 
Arthur Avelinge by the oath he hath fomierly taken deposeth 
yt WTm Barker red the warrant to him, where he by name was 
comanded to appear at James Cy ttie and y •■ after Robert Cave[ ?] 
caled ye said deponent to come upp w'th him accordinge to ye 
waiTant, But he beinge Rich'd Ii.vans servant, his said m.'r 
answered he would see the wan-ant before he should come upp. 
Y* is ordered y^ Richard Evans for his offence in disobeying the 
Governor's Comande shall lie neck and heeles 3 howers in ye 
niarkett place and shall pay 200 weight of Tobacco, Towards 
the buildinge of the new Bridges(3) at Elizabeth Cyttie, And 
be putt Qwt of his place, Except upon his good behaviour Capt 
Tucker sliall approve him hereafter. 

Wm Carter(4) swome and examined sayeth That he drest[?J 
a Cow for Mr AUnutt in May last was twelve month for v/'ch 
demandinge Xs. Mr Allnutt did not pay him, And the last 
springe theire was a Cow of Mr Buck's children w'th a fistula 
uppon the Eye w'ch at first deponent offered Mr Allnutt to have 
cared for as v/hen the said [had ?] the first Cow in cure, and about 
Easter last he offers Mr Allnutt [words illegible] to cure ye 

(2) William Geny or Gany wa.s living at Elizabeth City, in Feb. 1623. 
In the Ctn-uf, of 1624-5, the "Muster" of "Mr. William Gany" then ni- 
cluded himself, aged 33, who came in the George in 1616, Ann his wife, 
aged 24, who came in the Bona Nova in 1620, Ann Gany bom in Virginia, 
and six servants. The will of Margaret Cheesman, of St. Mary Mag- 
dalen, Bermondsey, widow, dated Jan. 15, 1679 (formerly of Virginia) 
left her kinswoman, Anne Gayney, 12 pence, evident^ to cut her off from 
any further claim. 

(3) The.;e "bridges" may have been bridges in the modem sense 
or may have been wharves at Kecoughtan (Hampton). At that time 
the word had both meanings. 

(4) William Carter, who appears to have been the expert cow-doctor, 
or veterinary of the Jamestown neighborhood, lived on James City 
Island in 1625. 


COW w'th ye fistula for xxs. in money, as he might [be?] satisfied 
for the fornier cure w'ch Mr Allnutt refused sajdnge he had 
rather give another man forty shillings than him xxs. and so put 
the cow to goodnian Tree's man to Cure, who not beinge to Cure 
her Mr Allnut offered this deponent to give him content yf he 
would Cure her, but this deponent said that now he coidde not 
warrant her she was so far gone but thatt he would doe his best, 
and accordingly used his best skill, yett at length she dyed. 

Abraham Porter(5) svN^ome and examined sayeth y' he did see 
the cowe y* was myred in the mominge, and was well [?] and 
after did find her ruined. But gott her owte and brought her 
home, but dyed. And f\:rther sayeth y*^ he hath complayned to 
Mr Kingswell that they have away to[o] much milke from the 

Y'^ is ordered that Mr Alnutt in regard of his Necklect in looking 
to the cattle of the orphan Peleg Buck the son of Mr. Richard 
Buck shall pay one hundred pownde weight of the best merchant- 
able Tobacco for the use of the said orphan and to be compel ed 
to gi^'e Sufficient Securitie to the overseers of Mr Buck's will 
for Ansv^'eringe and makinge good the orj^hants stock. And that 
Peeter Longman and the other gardians shalbe compelled to 
give the said overseers Sufficient securitie for the ansv,'eringe 
and making good of the other orphants whole estate and stocks. 

Robert Edwardes(5) and John Parsons do testifie y* two 
barells of sheld Corne belonginge to John Ervins was putt into 
the loft at the old fort of Mr George Sandys, and y* he gave 

certain for ye allowance of shrinkage, and was to 

give the two barrells forth againe when he should demand it 

Y* is ordered y* there be a warrant sent for Mr Lulce Boyse(6) 

(5) Abraham Porter was 36 years old at the Census of 1621-5, and was 
a servant of Peter Longman of James City, with whom Benoni and 
I\ leg Buck were living. 

(5) Robert Edmunds and John Parsons, who came in the Marygold 
in 1619, lived on tlie Treasurers Plantation at James City 1621-5. 

(6) Notes on Luke Boyse and Thomas Harris have already appeared. 
It is probable tliat Luke Boyse was the Luke Boyse of Heme, stated in 
Berry's Kentish Genealogies, to have been a son of Thomas Boys, of 
Kythorne, baptized May 29, 1579, and to have had an only daughter Ann. 
The Virginia Luke Boyse was aged 44 in 1724-5 (therefore born in 1581) 
and had an only daughter .A-lice. It is possible that his age given in the 
census may be incorrect. 


and Thomas Harris to be heere one mondye come fortnight to 

testiiie in the behalf of Henry WilHams, w'ch day of appearance 
is the 23'"' of January 1625. 

Wm Enghsh(7), gente., swome and examined sayeth y* Mr 
Rastell before his departure left order w'th this deponent and 
Capt. Tucker for to allow of such charges as Mr Geny should 
approve to have laide owt for apparell for Mr Rastell's servants 
wh. thee were [letters illegible] inge w'th Mr Geny and y^ in 
their discretion should finde Mr Geny's accounpt to be reason- 

Capt. 'J'ucker doth acknowledge y' there are Certen accompts 
dew from Mr Rastell to Mr Geney, But Mr Rastell told Capt. 
Tucker y* he would nott allow of those accompts w'ch Mr Geny 
challenged from hini. 

Y'' is ordered y* in regard Mr Geny hath fayled in p'forminge 
of an order of Courte bearing date [blank] in not bringing over 
his shalloijs lodinge of Come for Mr Chew, And after uppon 
a second agreement for ye bringing over of fortie boushells of 
Come in lew therof for Mr Chew & hath fayled of p'formence of 
y* also, y' is ordered he shall pay twenty boushells of good 
Indyan Come to Mr Chew or his assigns in James Cyttie 
presently, And y* he remained prysoner until he hath paid ye 

¥*■ is ordered y* Nicholas Weasell(8) for taking awaye Henry 
Geney's boate w'thout his leave or knowledge w'ch there uppon 
was buldge [bildged] and spoyled, beinge a Tenant to halfes 
vshall serve the said Henry Geny for this yeare. The said Henry 
Geny discharg his rent dew to the Company, beinge five 
hundred weight of good merchantable Tobacco stript and three 
barrells of good Indyan come, and to give Securitie for the pay- 

(7) William English was a member of the House of Burgesses for 
Elizabeth City 1629, 1G30 and 1632-3, and was a justice of the first Court 
of York County July 12, 1633. In 1635 he took an active part in the oppo- 
sition to Governor Harvey and was imprisoned by him; but was soon re- 
leased by the removal of the Governor. 

(8) At the Census of 1624-5, Nicholas Weasell, aged 28, who came in 
the Abigail in 1621, was one of the servants of Sargent William Barry at 
Elizabeth City. 


and Thomas Harris to be heere one raondye come fortnight to 
testifie in the behalf of Henry WilHams, w'ch day of appearance 
IS the 23"' of January 1625. 

Wm Enghsh(7), gente., swome and examined sayeth y* Mr 
Rastell before his departure left order w'th this deponent and 
Capt. Tucker for to allow of such charges as Mr Geny should 
approve to have laide owt for apparell for Mr Rastell's ser\^ants 
wh. thee were [letters illegible] inge w'th Mr Geny and y' in 
their discretion should finde Mr Geny's accounpt to be reason- 

Capt. Tucker doth acknowledge y^ there are Certen accompts 
dew from iMr Rastell to Mr Geney, But Mr Rastell told Capt. 
Tucker y* he would nott allow of those accompts w'ch Mr Geny 
challenged from him. 

Y^ is ordered y* in regard Mr Geny hath fayled in p'forminge 
of an order of Courte bearing date [blank] in not bringing over 
his shallojjs lodinge of Come for Mr Chew, And after uppon 
a second agreement for ye bringing over of fortie boushells of 
Corne m lew therof for Mr Chew & hath fayled of p'formence of 
y' also, y* is ordered he shall pay twenty boushells of good 
Indyan Corne to Mr Chew or his assigns in James Cyttie 
presently, And y* he remained prysoner untU he hath paid ye 

y is ordered y* Nicholas WeaseU(8) for taking awaye Henry 
Geney's boate w'thout his leave or knowledge w'ch there uppon 
was buldge [bildged] and spoyled. beinge a Tenant to halfes 
shall serve the said Henry Geny for this yeare, The said Henry 
Geny discliarg his rent dew to the Company, beinge five 
hundred weight of good merchantable Tobacco stript and three 
ban-ells^f g(K)^d Indyan come, and to give Se curitie for the pay- 

T^y^u ^'^j^f^™ English was a member of the House of Bureesses for 
of York rn^'7 f?'.\^^?A':^^ 'F'-^^ ^"'^ ^^^^ ^ i-^t-« °f the ?rst CouS 
l^n n. r ^^^ ^""X^^' ^^^^- .^" ^^^^ ^'^ t°°^ ^" active part in the oppo- 

thfi W7 in ?P%T' ""^ ^^-"^f N'<^holas Weasell, aged 28, who came in 


ment therof , And the said Henry Geny to fine [find] him suffi- 
cient meate drinke and Apparel^ duringe that Tyme And further 
y t the said Nicholas Weasell for his offence to the end his punish- 
ment may deterr others from the hke, shall do execution uppon 
Nevell and John Geyney Accordinge to their Sentences and y' 
he afterwards shalbe whipped at Elizabeth Cyttie. 
Y* is ordered y* Henry Geny for his contempt in goinge A 
Tradinge Contrary to the Proclamation shall pay three hundred 
weight of the best merchantable Tobacco, to be ymployed for 
the Buildinge of the new Bridges at Elizabeth Cyttie, and to putt 
in good securities for the good behaviour therafter, w'ch To- 
bacco shalbe brought home to Capt. Tucker's howse. 

A recorde of a Specialtie, James Cyttie the Q'^ of June 1625 
Memorandum. I Humphrey Rastell of London, merchant doe 
confes to owe unto the worp'll George Sandys Threas'r six 
boushells of the smaler new measure of sheld tradinge Indyan 
come to be paide unto the saide Mr Sandys or to his assignes 
w'thin XXV dayes after my departure this river to goe over the 
baye and for trew p'formence I binde my selfe and my Executors 
in double the value of the abovesaide Come and in witnes of 
the truth have hereunto putt my hande the day and yeere 

Humfrey Rastell 
The marke E. C. of Elias Conye 
and Thomas Swyft 
Wm Pery gent, swome and examined sayeth y' Mr Robert 
Langley sent for him, this deponent, one Sunday nyght, and 
the mondye this deponent went over to him, findinge him lyinge 
in this deponents bed very Sicke, And said to this deponent, I 
have sent for been with Mr Pountis to be my overseer [of his 
will], and have sent for you for the like after v/'ch woordes this 
deponent dep'ted and that nyght Mr Langly departed this liefe, 
And further sayeth That Mr Pountis told this deponent y' he 
had been w'th the Governor aboute Mr Langley's busines, And 
the Governor told Mr Pountis y' he did like well Y* he and this 
deponent should be Mr Langley's overseers, And moreover this 


deponent sayeth y* the Governor willed Mr Pountis to goe 
aboard and looke for A will, and Mr Pountis sayeth of Mr Lang- 
ley's will that [it] was begun but not finished. 

Wheras William Geny is by bond to pay Mr Rastell five hun- 
dred weight of Tobacco & eight barrells of come of w'ch there 
is to be abated for a man y* died in August fiftie weight of To- 
bacco and a barrell of corne, And wheras Mr Geny bringeth 
in an Accompt to default of the saide dept Capt. Tucker doth 
allow for the said Accompt 250 weight of Tobacco, Provided 
that therafter Mr Rastell shall show sufficyent cause to this 
Courte why the said 250 weight of Tobacco shall not be allowed 
to Mr Geny That this Mr Geny shalbe lyable to give him 

It is ordered that Southampton hundred shall pay the remainder 
of a Thowsand of Tobacco w'ch is unpaide, dew to Mr Sandys(9) 
by an order of Courte to the administratrix of Mr Sandys es- 

y- is ordered y' Mr Stogden shall receave twelve hundred 
weight of Tobacco dew from George Medcalfe(lO) to Mr Rastell 
And owt of the said 1200 weight to sattisfie Lieut. Barry and 
John Wanier 700 weight of Tobacco dew to them from Mr Ras- 
tell for nott bringinge in two servants for them by Threasurer 
[a ship?] According to agreement And the other 500 weight re- 
mayninge of ye 1200, and 400 weight receaved by Mr Stogden 
of Gregorie Dory, y* is ordered y' Mr Stogden shall putt in 
sufficyent sectiritie to Mr Rastell or his assigns for him, y* he 
send Mr Rastell by the first of February next send in a dys- 
charge from George Gauntlett accordinge to an order made the 
27 ^'^ of January 1G24. 

(9) This was David Sandys, who had been minister for Southampton 
Hundred . 

(10) Gcurge Medcalfe's "Muster" at Elizabeth City in the Census of 
1624-5, included himself, aged 46, Sara Medcalfe (no doubt his wife), 
aged 30, who came in the Hopewell, 1624, and Joane, a child. "Mr. 
Stogden" was Jonas Stockden, the minister. 



A Court held the 9*'' of January 1625 being p'sente 
^ Sir ffrancis Wyat, knight, Governor &c., Capt. Francis West, 
Capt Roger Smith, Capt Raphe Hamor, Capt Mathews, Mr 
Abraham Persie, Mr WilHam Cleyboume 

Y' is ordered y* Mr Watson shall give securitie to Mr Abra- 
ham Persy for a dept to Mr Langley where Capt Whittakers & 
Thomas fflint stand Charged in Mr Langley's bookes, That yf 
the Court shall awarde ye said Tho fflynt to pay the said dept 
y' this ye said Edward Waters shall give him securitie and y* 
the matter shall rest in suspense untill the xx^^^ of November 
next yt in the meane tyme the Court may heere from Capt 
Whittakers, supposed to be principall deptor. And y* Mr Toke- 
ley may send over the letters of Administration owt of England 
granted to him. 

Y' is ordered y* Mr Moone shall pay & bringe in to Capt Wm 
Peerce before mondye next Cominge Sixtee weight of ye best 
merchantable Tobacco, dew unto him by bill, ells y* therbe 
execution granted against him 
William Douglass swome and examined sayeth [blank] 


-- j^.^^^^ Partin(ll) sworne and examined sayeth y' on mondye 

'pu^^^ T^'^ ^^^^ disgraceful dispute between Rev. Greville Pooley and 
1 homas Pawlett wh:ch was examined at this session of the Court seems to 
have created a great sensation and moved the councillors to profound 
indignation It is the only instance on these records where the opinions 
ot the members of the Court are given separately, and it is the first refer- 
ence to any misconduct on the part of a minister in Virginia. Greville 
1 ooley came to Virginia in the James in 1622 and became minister of the 
country now in Charles City and Prince George. At the Census of 1624, 
he was living at Pierseys Hundred, near the present Shirley. He had 
become noted by his unsuccessful courtship of the widow of Samuel 
Jordan of Jordan's Journey (now Jordan's Point) and had .sued her for 
breach of contract. This matter has already been published among the 
Court notes. The only excuse for Pooley's behavior in the present in- 
stance is that his conduct towards Mrs. Jordan showed that he was a 
man of eccentricity— not a little un1)alanced in mind. Thomas Paw- 
ett, who was aged 40 in 1625 and who had come in the Neptune in 1618 
lived at West and Shirley Hundred not far away. He was a son of 
Chidiock Pawlett and a grandson of William Pawlett, 1st Marquis of 
Winchester. From the fact that in 1625 he had but one ser\'ant and from 
a reference m one of the opinions it is evident that he was at this time a 
man of comparatively .small means; but later he evidently acciuired or 


momiiige beinge Set Stephens d'ye Mr Pooley and divers of the 
Congregation mett to Pray and there during wor[ship?] Mr Paw- 
lett heering Mr Pooley use his name, came into the Congrega- 
tion sayinge w't is y' you say of Pawlett, To w'ch Mr Pooley 
replyed, I say you will not pay me your Tithe Tobacco, and 
after some replyes past to and again between them, Mr Pooley 
gave Mr Pawlett the lye and Mr Pawlett said he was a proude 
priest and a periured man, and Taxt him with symonie and 
briberie, and swore by ye lords blude he would prove it against 
him, but whether Mr Pooley gave Mr Pawlett the lye before 
Mr Pawlett said the woords he knows not. 
Ensign Francis Epps swome and examined sayeth that uppon 
Set Stephens d'ye in the mominge Mr Pooley and others of the 
p'she beinge together about the removinge of the Church, Mr 
Pooley affirmed y' Mr Pawlett desired to have ye Church re- 
moved from Mr Briggs Howse to his howse, and Mr Pawlett 
said it was false whemppon Mr Pooly said it was not false, Mr 
Pawlett said again it was false. Then Mr Pooley told Mr Paw- 
lett y' he lied, Then Mr Pawlett called him blockheaded parson, 
w'th some other ye like words y' passed between them on both 
sides and taxed Mr Pooly with speaking false latten and teach- 

inherited property as on Jan. 15, 1637, he patented 2000 acres at West- 
over, and resided there until his death. He was a member of the House 
of Burgesses and the Council, and his in will, dated Jan. 12, 1643-4, left 
most of his estate to his brother Sir John Pawlett, but also gave 10 acres 
to Westover Church. Robert Partin's "Muster" at West and Shirley 
Hundred m the Census of 162 i-5, includes himself, aged 36, who came in 
the Blessing in 1609, Margaret his wife, aged 30, who came in the George, 
1017, Robert, aged 4 months, Avis, aged 5 years and Rebecca, aged 2 
years, their children, and two servants. 

Ensign Francis Eppes was the ancestor of the well-known Virginia 
family of that name, of which a genealogy has appeared in this Magazine. 

In 1624-5, Samuel Sharpe who came in the Seaventure in 1609 with his 
wife Elizabeth, who came in the Margaret 6* John, 1621, and one servant 
were living at Pierseys Hundred. Like Thomas Pawlett, Samuel Sharpe 
had been a member of the House of Burgesses in 1619, and was again a 
mernber in October 1629. 

Lieut. Thos. Osbom, also the ancestor of a well-known family of his 
name (of which some account has been given in this Magazine) then lived 
at the College Land on James River just above Dutch Gap. It is prob- 
able that the other church at which Pooley engaged to serve was at 
Henricopolis (Dutch Gap). 

The name written Briggs should doubtless be Biggs. In 1624 Richard 
Biggs lived at West and Shirley Hundred. Later the church of that 
parisli was removed to Westover, then the home of Thomas Pawlett. 


;(, no f.r. y 


ing false doctrines, and charged him with Symony and bribery.^ 
And Mr Pooly on the other side cal'd Mr Pawlett base basterd 
ffellow and that he went up & downe ye countrey singinge 
l)audie songes and many fowle tearmes passed between them, 
but all the p'ticulars and in w't order they passed between them 
he doth not p'r rightl}'' remember. 

aftr-ni:. [211.] 

Samuell Sharpe, gent., swome and examined sayeth, That 
the occasion of the Speeches was trewly sett downe in the swome 
oathes of Ensign Epps and Robert Partain, and ye many fowle 
woordes of p'vocation, as foole, dunce, base fellow and the like 
passed between them, & p'ticularly he remembreth that Mr 
Pooly gave Mr Pawlett ye lye firste, accordinge to his relation 
and the deposition of Ensign Epps, he remembreth also, that 
Mr Pawlett charged Mr Pooly w'th Symony & bribery and 
teachinge false doctrine, and y* he was a periured man. 
Lieut. Thomas Osborne sworrie and examined Sayeth y* wheras 
Mr Pooly was to Transporte him selfe to their Plantacon and 
to be theire every fowerth Sundye, for w'ch he was to have 
double meanes, after w'ch agreement Mr Pooly was absent xi 
weekes together, In regard wherof he was contented to take 
ordinary meanes, soe y* they would undertake to feach [fetch] 
But after he came to feach his tythes he demanded to have 
double meanes according to his bill, w'ch the[y] refused to paye, 
vv'hemppon he came to this deponent and said that yf he would 
let the rest pay him. That then he would acquitt this deponent 
for his tyths, payinge the ordinary meanes. 

The opinion of Mr Wm Cleyboume is y'' Conceminge the 
Contention and quarrell between Mr Poolie and Mr Pawlett, 
y ' neither of them should recover any Damages eyther from the 
other, for y* the offence given one both partes were most vile 
and exorbitant both of them equally as he thinketh havinge 
Contended to debase and wronge ye p'son of the other, so y' 
all through Mr Pawlett must be acknowledged to have ex- 
ceeded[?] in the fowlest manner yett the offence of Mr Pooly is 
nevertheless the greatest, his Censure therefore was. That they 
shall equally both of them forfeit & paye 200 weight of Tobacco, 


and moreover in regarde as swilee[?] the fault of Mr Pawlett is 
greater Considered by itselfe, Therefore his opinion ys y* he 
shall in the open Congregacon where the offence was Comitted 
Publiquel}^ acknowledge his fault & offence not so much re- 
specting any wrong to Mr Poolies person, but that should be 
any Satisfaction done to him selfe as humbly to protest to the 
whole Congregacon his sorrow for his offence in regard his 
affronts y' he Taxeth Mr Pooly w'th his doctrine or w'th 
symony, puriury, bribery and ye like, and likewise his opinion 
is y' Mr Pooly should openly in lilce manner acknowledge his 
offence to the Congregacon then offended. 


Y* is the opinion of Abraham Peirsey as he understandeth 
by the witnesses Swome and Examined, that Mr Pooly and 
Mr Pawlett did equall one & other in base and Obrobius 
Speeches, but That Mr Pawlett did exceed in most Scandalous 
manner against Mr Pooly in taxing Mr Pooly that he was per- 
iured man, and did teache Faulse doctrine & had Comitted 
bribery and simony, for so much as that Mr Pawlett hath not 
by wittnes proved any one of those foule Slanders against Mr 
Pooly I am of opinion that Mr Pawlett should according to 
th.e use [?| of the Generall Assembly Mr Pooly forgivenes 
before tlic Congregacon of his owne p'sh and that Mr Pawlett 
shall give Mr Pooly five hundred pownd weight of Tobacco 

My opinion is according and Consenting w'th Mr William 

Samuell Mathewes 
Capt. Hamor's opinion 

My opinion is y' both of them shoiild acknowledge their 
offence in the Congregacon, and also ask each other forgiveness, 
& that Mr Pawlett doe first acknowledge his offence. That Mr 
Pawlett be fined 300 weight of Tobacco, and Mr Pooly two 
hundred weight. 

Capt. Roger Smith his opinion is agreeable to and consenting 
with Mr Wm Cleybourne. 

Capt. Fra. West his opinion is y* ye grossest woordes Mr Paw- 
lett gave to Mr Pooly cannot equall the lie, w'ch woorde touch- 


eth his reputation in the highest nature, and a gentleman value- 
inge it as nere and deere unto him as his Hefe, now for reparacon 
of the offences one to the other, they shall acknowledge their 
offences in ye Congregacon where the offence was comitted and 
Mr Pawlett fined 200 weight and Mr Pooly 500 of Tobacco. 


¥»• is the opinion of the Governor y' Mr Pawlett shall in the 
said Congregacon where the said woordes were spoken ask the 
Congregacon forgiveness for the great scandal given them, and 
Mr Poolie for the obprobious wordes used against him. And that 
Mr Pooly shall doe the like ask forgiveness for same as well of ye 
Congregacon as of Mr Pawlett, Their offences both in regard of 
their p'sons, the one the minister, the other the Comander of the 
Plantacon, as also in regard p'vokinge Speeches, v/'ch passed 
one both sides being in a manner equall, but that Mr Pawlett 
charged Mr Pooly with false doctrines, Symony and periury, 
w'ch are woordes of a higher nature and doe bear an Acc'on 
in law, that he shall pay Mr Pooly 300 weight of Tobacco, w'ch 
fine is made no greater, as well because p'voking speeches 
passinge one both sides Coller [choler?] is to have Transported 
Mr Pawlett in p'te through Mr Poolies owne faulte, as also y' 
censure of fines must be made according to mens estates. 

Thomas Marlett(12) swome and examined Say eth y* the 
d'ye after Christmas in Ano 1624 Mr Binns hired John Smith 
for a yeeres service. 

James Toa]<e(13) swome and examined sayeth y' Mr Binns 
told this deponent he had hired John Smith for A yeeres service 
from Christmas in Ano 1624 to Christmas last past. 
Y* is ordered y' John Smith shall serve Mr Binns untill the first 
of ft'ebruary next. 

(To be continued) 

(12) Thomas Marlett lived at the College Land Feb. 1623, but does 
not appear in the Census of 1621-5. He was a member of the House of 
Burgesses, March 1G23-4. 

(13) James Toake or Tuke lived at Pashbehaigh's, James City in 1625, 
and was a Burgess for Isle of V/ight Co., January 1639. His will was 
dated Feb. I, 1659 and proved in Isle of Wight. Hi.^ legatees were his 
daughter Dorothy, wife of John Plarvey, and sons William and Thomas, 
to the last of whom he gave his signet seal ring. 

Letters of William Byrd. 43 


(From his letter book in the Collection of the Virginia Historical 

To . 

Virg'a Jan'ry — 1685 

My last to you by Hall was Somewhat large, therefore shall 
say little now, this comes to accompany Cap' Bradly & cover 
the inclosed bill of Ladeing & Invoice for 100 H*^^ of Tob'o & 
four of furres & skins w:'' I hope will come Safe to y"' Hands. 
I have charged bills of Ex^"^ on you for 1631 St'g payable to 
Bradly being in full of K of the ship(l) Sam'll for w:"^ he hath 
given mee a bill of Sale: doubt not but you'l See our titles made 
good. Hope the ship may come home in good time, although 
shee design'd (if you think fitt) for Holland, yett I thought 
good to Send you Some furs & skins by him, not knowing when 
I might find a better oppertimity & gues you cannot want a 
convenience for a small charge from y^ Wight to London, 
fraight being now very Scarce, & Tobacco indifferent plenty 
though Sold hereabouts at great rates. I have endeavor'd to 
ship what I can forward & hope it may doe best. I hope as you 
are concem'd in this ship & have induced us thereto, you will 
take care shee bee yearly Sent away early from England, & 
(you need not doubt) wee will performe our part here. My 
Service to all friends, Ime Sorry Some of you have taken an 
occasion to abuse us ab*- poor Coz Grendons Estate, but you 
will & they too find (I hope) no reason for Such unworthy cen- 
sures, tho (I thinke) wee cannot bee worse thought of, & there- 
fore have no occasion to trouble ourselves farther. I doubt 
not but our innocence will Siifficiently appe ar to any y' will 

(1) It was not vinusual for wealthy Virginia planters and merchants 
to own ships in whole or part. 



fairly question us. I am Sorry for this unpleasant digression 
& v/ish I had not too much occasion for itt : shall therefore con- 
clude w''' best respects to yo^'selfe & Lady from 

Yo' fr'^ & Serv* 
W B 
To M p Bradly 

To Warham Horsmanden 

Virg'a Jan'ry 9*'' 1685 
Worthy S^ 

I am Sorry wee could not bee So happy as to receive a letter 
from you or Bro : Dan'U this year, but imagine urgent occasions 
might detain you in the Country, for wee are Satisfyed from 
Mess""^ Perry & Lane of yo^ & my Child'ns(2) healths, w:'' God 
continue, this is onely to acquaint you of our wellfare, though 
our little Boy (Warham) & Molly have been both Sicke w"' 
fever & colds, but are I thanke God now Somewhat better. 
I have Order'd Mess'« Perry & Lane to pay what charges are 
due for my Childrens Clothing Cr^^ on your note to y'°^ Pray 
present mine with my wives best respects to all our friends. 
Our Blessings to our Children, & accept of our Duty's to yo^selfe 
& o-" Mother w*^ hearty thanlcs for all yC favo" from 

^ Worthy S^ 

' '•' '" '1 Yo^ Obedient Son & Serv^ 

W B 
To ffather Horsmanden p Bradly 

To Perry & Lane 

Virg'a Jan'ry 9*^ 1685 

My last to you was by hall who I hope is near his port by this 
time, have little now to trouble you, but acquaint you of our 
Wellfares, & y* I designe to write Suddenly to you by Perrin, 
a Small west country man (who comeing from Barbados) wee 
bought his Cargoe, & hired his ship. Hee takes me in ab' 30 

(2) At this time William Byrd's children, William, Martha and Ur- 
sula were in England to be educated. 


H'** Tob'o I hope hee will not bee long after this. I shall charge 
bills of Ex'ce on you for my share of his goods w:*" will come to 
ab* 49 or 50 1. w:^ I hope you'l pay accordingly, ffraight is yet 
Scarce, Wee are in great want of y'^ Ciilpeper, of whom as yett 
I hear no news. Ruddes (I suppose) will Saile in a moneth by 
whom shall Send my Invoice, not knowing yet what to ppose o'' 
trade being orestocked not else but with best respects take leave 

Yo^ flfriend & Servant 
W B 
To P p Bradly 

To Mr North 

Virg'a 19 feb'ry 1685 

This comes p Cap* Devers in y^ America m'^chant by whom 
I have Sent you 30 H'*" of Tobacco, as p inclosed bill of Ladeing 
& Invoice may appear, I shipd likewise on board Roger New- 
ham 51 H''" of Tob'o & hear hee is gone without giveing or 
leaveing mee bills of Ladeing, I designed to have consigned them 
to you, & therefore desire you to take care of them, inclosed is 
the Invoice & a note from Newham little inferior to a bill of 
Ladeing, by the next I designe my Invoice for Goods, but would 
willingly hear farther first, times being So uncertain I know not 
what to doe, my Service to all friends from 

Yo"" friend & Servant 
W B 
I have charged'g. on you p Ex'ea payable to Cap* Devers 
w:^ pray pay accordingly. 
To m'' North p Devers 

To Thomas Byrd 

Virg'a March y« 8*'' 1685 
Dear Brother 

Yo^^ by D"" Tub I reC* & am glad to hear of y^ health & hope 
you will So improve yo'' time as shortly to bee in a Capacity 
to Serve yo'"Selfe & friends. I wrote my bro: Robinson y^ 



w' p*- of my Sisf Rich"^* her Estate was due to mee should bee 
equally divided between yo' Selfe Sister Mary & them, & am 
.Sorry it was not more. My wife was deliver"^ in fb'' last of a 
Boy dureing my being at N. Yorke where I was a great p*' of 
last Svmmier. Pray remember me & my wives kind love & 
respects to Sister Mary & accept y® Same yo'' selfe from 
Yo"^ affectionate Bro: 
W B 
remember mee to your Master (3) & all our fr''^ 
To Bro:TompRuds 

To Robinson 

Virg'a March y« 8'^ 1685 
Bro; Robinson 

Yo" I rec'^ & am Sorry to hear of my Sister Rich'^' her death, 
but hope it hath pleased God to translate her to a better life, 
what you mention ab* y'' Small Estate I am willing to give my 
part to bee equally divided between my Brother Tho. Sister 
Mary & your selves. I was a great part of last Simmier at N. 
Yorke, & at my retume found my wife Safely deliverd of a Boy, 
& are now w**" my little girls (I thanlce God) in good health, my 
wife desires to bee remembred to >ou my brother & all our friends 
& especially to my Sister Mary to whom pray give my kind love, 
& accept y® Same to yo''selfe, my dear Sister & yo'' little ones 

Yo' Loveing Bro 
W B 
To Bro. Robinson p Ruds 

TO Mr Coe 

Virg'a March y« 8**^ 1685 
Dear S' 

My last to you was by Hall & hope you'l excuse mee therein 
for goeing about to clear myselfe of those unjust censtues 
throwne upon mee as if I injured my deceased friends reputation, 
or my liveing friends interest, but I hope y'' Contrary will 
appear. I could wish m"" North had given us an acco' of what 
(3) Thomas Byrd was then an apprentice in London. 



ebi/H q moT icnQ oT 


f)t5>i q aoaiiidoil .orrtl oT 

.w ssox oi 


hee had rec'', & what remain'd yet due to him, that wee might 
indeavor'd \vith Brains if possible to make him Satisfaction. 
In Some k iters hee & others teU us of a lease worth 150 or IGO 1. 
& in others they say its not worth above 100 1. So y' wee neither 
know nor can guesse, what remains. I must allways acknow- 
ledge mySelfe infinitely oblidged to yo'"selfe & Lady for yo"" 
great kindnesse to my whole family, & heartily beg excuse for y^ 
trouble given you last year, being Sorry y" buying those things 
for my wife b*'' was So taken. I could heartily wish itt lay any 
way in m.}- power to Sen-e you, & bee assured no man shall ever 
bee more ready to acknowledge himselfe 
Dear S"" 

Yo'' Oblidged Humble Servant 
W B 
Mine w**^ my wives best respects & Service to yo''selfe & good 
There is I suppose a mistake in yo'' Acco^ Viz' 

10 yds gold Stuffe at 13s. 6d. p y" 

& an Ell of Silver Stuf pr Stays 111. 6s. st'g. 

To m^ Coe p Ruds 

To Mr Gower 

Virg'a March y« 8^'' 1685 

My last I sent you by Hall, wherein I thought my Selfe ob- 
lidged to take notice on those unhappy reflections were made 
on mee, ab' Coz Grendons Estate, w:*" I hope you will Excuse, 
& consider I had too much reason for itt, but when I consider 
the obligations you have bestovv^ed on mee & mine, beg pardon 
if I have been too Severe therein. All our friends here in Health 
& designe to meet Suddenly'- to remember you all w"" the token 
3^ou were pleased to Send us. Pray give my best respects & 
Service to all where due. Accept the Same your selfe, & if I 
can any way Serve you, please freely to Command 
Yo"" reall ffriend & Servant 
Wm Byrd 
To m"' Gower p Ruds 

^rf 3^ri 



To Mr Rand 

Virg'a March y^ 8'*^ 1685 
Dear S' 

Yo''^ by m' Lay^eld & Mad'm Bland, I rec*^ & am heartily 
glad to hear of yours my Sisters & yo"" little ones good health; 
doe returae you hearty thanks for your kindnesse to little Nutty. 
I was at N. Yorke a great part of last Simraier on a public con- 
ceme, & at my returne found my wife Safely deliver'^ of a Boy, 
& are both now with little Molly (I thanke God) in good health. 
My Lady Berkeley about a moneth Since Safely arrived, & tells 
mee shee was Sorry shee could not have y'' oppertunity to see 
you as shee came by ; All our friends here in good health & give 
you their best respects & Service pray give mine where due, most 
Especially to yo"" dear Lady, Sister Betty, w'*' y^ Httle ones & 
accept y*" Same 

Dear S'' from 

Yo'' Loveing Bro. & Servant 
W B 
To Bro. Rand p Ruds 

To Warham Horsmanden 

Virg'a March y« 8^^ 1685 
Worthy S^ 

I wrote to you not long Since p Bradly, have little more to adde 
now, but acquaint you that I reC^ yo" Since by my Lady Berke- 
ley which gave us great Satisfaction to hear of yours & our 
Child 'ns wellfare, though my Lady tells mee you have long 
Labour'd under our Essex(4) Seasoning, w:*' proved worse than 
a Virg'a one, I pray God Send you health, w:*" whilst you injoy, 
I doubt not yo'' care over my poor little ones to whom, pray 
give our Blessings; before y^ rec* of yo" I wrote to m'' Peny & 
Lane, to reimburse you the Charge of them. Next year I hope 
(God willing) to See you in England; IVIy Wive & little ones (I 

(4) This refers to Essex, Eng., where many of Byrd's relations and 
friends lived. Warham Horsmanden then lived at Purleigh in that 

zl^vH a t 



thanke God) in health, All give i'ou their Duty, & Service to all 
where due from 

Worthy S'" 

Yo"' Obedient Son & Serv* 
K)' W B 

To ffather Horsmanden p Ruds 

To Mr North (?) 

Virg'a March y« 8'^ 1685 

My last to you was p Devers, wherein I gave you an Acco* of 
w^ Tob'o Sent p him & of 51 p Newham who gave us no bills of 
Ladeing. Hope all may come Safe to Hand, I expected to have 
Seen your Acco* ere this, but p y* Culpeper reed nothing from 
you but a letter of y^ old Strain to W R & Selfe ab^ [Grendons] 
Estate, though I thinke )^ou have not So much reason to blame 
us who have had a great deale of trouble, w*'' no profit, & can 
assure you none could have taken more pains to get you Satis- 
fied without trouble, then wee have done. Brains hath often 
]jromised us to pay you the Ballance, hee talks of comeing 
lierewith, & hath promised to give us under his hand to per- 
forme it ere hee Sails, I wish wee had done with it; I have ven- 
tured to Send an Invoice for Goods (tho I was very unwilling 
till I might See my Acco*) but there mil bee never another ship 
Saile after this in any reasonable time, therefore Send it now 
that you might have time to provide. If Tobacco will doe 
nothing, [ desire you to abate a good part of y'^ Eng'l. goods; 
Yu"" Brandy & powder last year cheaper y'n others, but the rest 
generally dearer. Gun Locks cost mee but 2s. 6d. from Mess""^ 
Perry & Lane, & prove well. How yo"" Upholstry proves I have 
not heard, the Same was y^ greatest cheat imaginable know not 
what to doe with itt, Yo'' Indian Hoes too vSmall, they would 
not Sell, Have not no p'ticular of y** Duffields cr'' the [illegible] 
being just now gone out; I hope you will Acco' with Bradly & 
if anything comes due to mee, you will recieve it. Wee expect 
1 lim a first ship, & therefore (if no ill Accident) intervene desire 
you to put my Goods on board him, shall not trouble you farther 


at present but with best respects & Service to yo"" Selfe & Lady 
take leave 

Yu'' fi-iend & Servant 
Wm B 
M'' Brain hath just now given us his obligation to pay you what 
your due from Coz Grendons Estate. 
(Tom' North?) 

To Perry & Lane 

Virg'a March y« S'^ 1685 

1 had not an oppertunity to write to you by the Westcountry 
man but Suppose m' P^ Perry sent you a bill of Ladeing for 29 
W of Tobacco I had on board, this I hope will come Safe to 
hand by Cap^ Ruds w''^ 99 B.'^^ of Tobacco & 2 of fun-es & Skins, 
there is too many Raccoons, hope they m_ay prove better y'n the 
former. I had these by mee, thinlce not to purchase any more 
hereafter then I am forced to; others buying them, I must not 
alllcgether refuse; Traders (5) are all now out, hope p y^ Cul- 
peper to Send you Some Bever c'ta if Cap* Morgan pleases to 
take itt in, w:'' is a great question, for I find when hee can get 
his Loading otherways hee will take in none for his old fraighters 
the matter is not much. Wee must provide better for our 
Selves; Inclosed is our Invoice for Goods, w:^ (if Tob'o will doe 
any thing) I desire p y*^ first, should have been glad to know 
whither wee might Expect any Negro's or not, that wee might 
(if y^ project had fail'^ have provid'd otherwise; I am Sorry you 
did not Send mee our apprentice Boy, they may (as I am confi- , 
dently inform.ed) bee had from y^ Hospitall at any time. Such 
as are very capable of our businesse, Ime Sure m"" Paggens 
concerne is Supplyed that way— Now I am quite destitute, my 
Boy being just free, therefore desire you by any means to Send one p y* first oppertunity 

by Cap* Ruds is Sent a patteme for 6 Mill Saws w:'' desire may 
bee Sent in p first conveniency exactly according to pateme. 

(5) This refers to the Indian traders who made long trips into the 
western country. 


I have Sent for my Indian trucke by guesse, not yet knowing 
how the last proved; the trade is overstocked, One indeavoring 
to eat out another, is y** reason of those Commoditys (as well as 
others) So much trash is Sent home, how to prevent itt yett 
know nott, shall not trouble you farther but with best respects 
take Leave 


Yo^ frd & Serv* 

W B 
To P p Ruds 

Eight H^^ of y^ Tob'o is Sweet Scented w:^ they are you will 
See p Y^ Invoice. 

To Perry & Lane 

Virg'a March y« ll**" 1685 

This leaves onely to accompany Cap* Williams have lately 
wrote at large p Ruds have little more to adde. I am glad wee 
answer'd yo"^ Expectation in designeing Wynne for England, 
hoj^e hee is long since Safely arrived & by this time Saild to Bar- 
bados, JVIy Service to all friends 

Yo' frd & Serv' 
W B 
To P p Williams 


Virg'a May y« 10"^ 1686 

Cap' Morgan went from towne y" day before I got downe 
but hope you will recieve by him 92 H<^^ of Tobacco & one of 
furs, as ]j bill of Ladeing formerly Sent you allso 30 H"^* of 
Tobacco p Cap' Gesther who I hope by this time is Saild, wee 
were forced for want of fraight to Send otu" Tob'o downe to 
Kiquotan, where m^ WiUson hath promised to take our bills of 
Ladeing, My traders have all mett with ill Successe, two of y'm 



I heare are kill'* above 400 miles of, & the rest have lost all their 
Horses, & forced to leave their goods abroad, hope within this 
fortnight they will bring y'm in, then you shall have Some by the 
first oppertunity w:*^ I guesse may bee Cap' Hasted who comes 
about from Rapahanocke to take in Tobacco here, there is like 
to bee little Bever this year, Scarce any to bee bought among 
the Indians- wee trade with. Looking over the Copy of my 
Invoice I find no Guns, powder Cta. mention'd; If there is none 
in y*^ Invoice, pray Send mee as on the other Side, as allso Some 
few things more there mention'd. Cotton is better liked then 
y*^ plains w:^ is much complained of, as allso y^ Kettles, w:^ 
(they say) had holes in them. You shall hear farther ere long; 
Could wish James w*'' y^ Negro's might have been Somewhat 
earlier for I Suppose our parts will be Supplyed long ere hee 
arrives but that cannot now bee hope, Not else but wish you all 
Happinesse I remain 


Yo^ frd & Serv' 

W B 
I have lately charged Severall considerable bills of Ex'ea on you 
Viz* 6 Col'o Cole to my L^ Effingham 11 1. 4s. to m^ Audito' 
124 1., to m"- Hartwell a bill for 48 1. 18s. 6d. w:'' I desire you to 
pay accordingly. 

(To be continued) 




(Contributed by Leo Culleton, 92 Piccadilly, London, W, and 
the late Lothrop Withington.) 

William Codd of Watringbery in the Countie of Kent, 
and within the dioces of Rochester. 
Dated 14 Nov. 160G Proved 3 March 1607 [-81 

My bodye to be buryed in the churchyard of Watringbery. 
To the poore people at my buryall Two bushells of wheate in 
bread. And in money twentie shillinges. To some learned 
man to gi\^e the people some good lesson at my buryall, sixe 
sliillinges eighte pence. To my mayd servantes two shillinges 
a peece. And to all my men servantes twelve pence a peece. 
To Hester, my wife, the best Bedstedle in my owne Chamber, 
and the bedstedle in the porche lofte with all the Beddinge be- 
longing. I will that William Codd my sonne when he cometh 
to his landes shall i^ay unto his mother, yi she be then living, 
three score poundes. To Hester & Elizabeth my daughters, 
two hundred poundes a peece at twentie yeares of age or dayes 
of marriage. I will that if Hester my wife happen to dye before 
my Sonne be one and twentye yeares of age Then Thomas Perri, 
gent of Leneham do take my ly\dng and children till they be of 
age or married. And if he be dead or will not take them. Then 
my wives brother John Lampord to take them in manner afore- 
said. To Hester my daughter Sz Elizabeth my daughter out 
of my land in Nettlestead and East Peckham, sixteene poundes 
a yere till my sonne William ys full one and twentie yeres of age 
and appoynted by me to enter uppon his lande. To Hester, my 
wife the profitt of all my houses and lande in Watryberye or els 
where within the Countie of Kent, till my sonne is of age. To 


caJ«i>li li 


William Codd my sonne, my dwelling house bames, stables 
^^ith all other buildings, Landes, meadowes pastures and woodes 
lying in Watringbery or any other place within the Countie of 
Kent upon Condition that yf Hester my wife be with childe, of 
a childe, then I will him to be baptised by the nam.e of 
Robert, & William my sonne shall pay unto Robert my sonne 
(yf any be) thirteene poundes sixe shillinges and eight pence a 
yeare for ever. And yf my wife be with Childe of a mayde 
childe Then I will her name to be Anne. And WiUiam, my 
sonne to pay unto Anne (3^ any be) one hundred poundes at 
twentye yeares of age. 

Residuary Legatee and Sole Executor: William Codd my 

vSupervisors : Thomas Perri, gent, John Lamport & Thomas 
Ayarste, gent of West Malynge. 

John Brown his marke, Walter Brovoke his marke, William 
Panckas his marke, Witnesses. 

3 March 1G07 Administration granted to Hester Codd, relict 
of said deceased during the minority of William Codd the Execu- 
tor nam.ed. 19 Windebank. 

James Codd of Watringburie in the Countie of Kent, gent. 

Dated 14 Nov. 1611 Proved 18 Nov. 1611. 

To William Codd, my eldest sonne. All my landes Tenements 
and hereditaments scituate in Watringburie aforesaid. To have 
and to holde the same unto the saide William his heires and 
assignes for ever from and after the decease of Constance my 
nowe wife * * . Also all my wood land in East mawlinge 
in Countie Kent, after he shall have come to the age of twentye 

To Richard, my second sonne, All my Landes Tenements and 
hereditam.ents with the appurtenncs thereto belonging scituate in 
Pemburye in the said County of Kent. * * unto the said Richard 
and to his heires and assignes for ever, after he shall have ac- 


complished his age of Twentie one. To my youngest sonne 
Henrie Codd, all my landes tenements and hereditaments 
scituate in Towne Sutton als Sutton Valence in the said Countie 
of Kent.** to the said Henrie, his heires and assignes for ever 
from and after the decease of my vv^ife Constance. Also all my 
landes and tenements scituate in Easte Farley in the said 
Countie of Kent.** from and after he shall have. accomplished 
his age of twentye one. To my daughter Jane, One hundred 
and thirtie poundes, to be paide unto her v^hen she shall accom- 
plish her age of Twentie and one yeares or daie of marriage. 
To my daughter Anne, One hundred and thirtie poundes to be 
paide unto her vi'hen she shall accomplish her age of Twentie 
and one yeares or daie of marriage. To my daughter Bridgett, 
One hundred and thirtie poundes, to be paide lilcewise to her 
at the same age, or daie of marriage. Provided alwaies that if 
my wife Constance shall happen to be nowe v/ith childe. Tlien 
fowerscore and tenne pounds shalbe deducted out of my said 
daughter's porcons, and paide to such childe or children as my 
said wife shall happen nowe to goe with. * all when he she or 
they sliall accomplish their lawfuU age of Twentie and one 
yeares or be married. To the poore of Watringburie, Twentie 
shillinges. To the poore of Easte Mawlinge, Tenne shillinges. 
To my Mother Agnes Codd, Thirtie shillinges to buye her a 
ringe. To my brother Thomas Codd, Twentie shillinges to buye 
him a Ringe. To my sister Katherine Perry, Twentie shillinges 
to buye her a ringe. To my cozen Julyan Charieton, sixteene 
shillinges to buye her twoe silver spoones. To my freindes 
Henry Wood, Judith his wife and Elizabeth Wood their daugh- 
ter. Three poundes to buye each of them a Ringe of golde. To 
Katherine Fuller & Ellen Puplett, Tenne shillinges a iDcece. 

Residuary Legatee and 'Sole Executrix: Constance my wife. 

Overseers: my brothers Thomas Perry & "Shemaia" Selherst. 

Lawrence Mansfeild, Henr>' Wood & John Ashenden, Scr., 

Proved 18 Nov. 1611 by the Execturix named. 94 Wood. 

[The mention of land at East Moiling in the will of lames Codd, above, 
and in the will of William Codd (1052), published in this Magazine XXIII, 
382, makes it probable that the former was the father of the latter, who 
was father of St. Legcr Codd of Virginia and Maryland. William Codd 
(1006) above may have been the brother of James.] 


TiiciMAS Chicheley of Wimple in the Countie of Cambridge, 

h Daied 29 Oct. 1616 Proved 27 Nov. 1616. 

First, my will is that my Executors shall see soone as they 
ma ye convenientlie, tal<e and renue the lease of the Mannor or 
faiTne of Malton in the Countie of Cambridge with the appur- 
tenncs, of the Master and Fellowes of Christes Colledge in Cam- 
t}.. bridge in the proper names of my said Executors and to them 

u their heires and assignes for and duringe the lives of the Lady 

\v Dorothy Kempe my Mother-in-lawe, Thomas Chicheley & 

ii Heriry Chicheley my sonnes and for and duringe the life of the 

survivor of them for which I have alreddie contracted with the 
b; said Master and Fellowes of the said Collidge. And my will is 

]( that my Executors shall Keepe the lease in their handes untill 

my heir male shall accomplish his full age of one and twentie 
V yeares to the uses and pur]:>oses hereafter expressed. Also my 

said Executors shall take in their names the lease of the parson- 
age of Arrington in the said Countie of Cambridge for which I 
) , have already contracted with the same Master, Fellowes and 

Schollers for soe longe tyme as they may grant. And my said 
Executors shall retayne the lease in their handes to the uses and 
purposes hereafter expressed untill my heir male shall come of 
age.*** To my said Executors, twoe partes of my mannor of 
Wimple in the said Countie of Cambridge and all my other 
Landes tenements leases and hereditaments whatsoever in the 
Realme of F3ngland into three partes to be devided untill my 
said heir male shall accomplish his full age. Also to my said 
Executors, all my plate, Jewells household stuffe goods and 
Chatties whatsoever.*** to the uses and purposes that my said 
Executors with the aforesaid goodes and Chatties and with the 
rents and profitts of the aforesaid Mannor Landes Tenements 
hereditaments and leases shall pay and discharge all my debts, 
to distribute amonge the poore of Wimple, Tenne poundes and 
to the poore of Arrington, five pounds, and to the poore of 
Weady, five poundes and to mayntaine and bring up my younger 
Children And when my heir male shall attaine his full age my 


will is that the aforesaid twoe parts of the Manor of Wymple 
and of all other my freehould Mannors landes tenements leases 
and hereditaments, Except the aforesaid leases of Malton and 
Anington parsonage and all such land tenements and heredita- 
ments as I latelie bought of Robert Hoods of Wendy, in the 
said Countie of Cambridge, shalbe and remayne to my said 
heire male and to his heires for ever.**** And if my Executors 
cannot, out of themeanes aforesaid provide sufficient portions for 
every of my said younger Children, then they shall keepe in 
theire handes the said leases of Malton and Arrington parsonage 
untill they shall have raysed sufficient portions.*** And after- 
wards my Executors shall assigne the Residue of their interest 
in the said leases to my heir male. 

Executors: My Wife the Lady Dorothy Chicheley and my 
brother-in-lawe, William Harrington, Esquire and m}-- Cosen 
John Piggott Esquire. 

Thomas Chicheley, Edward Anngier, George Holder, Paule 
Kente, Witnesses. 

Proved 27 Nov. 1616 by Dorothy Chicheley, one of the Exors 
ntune, po^\'er reserved to William Harrington and John Piggott. 
115 Cope. 

[Sir Thomas Chichley, of Wimple, or Wimpole, Cambridgeshire, was 
the father oi Sir Thomas Chichley, Master of the Ordinance, and of Sir 
Henry Chichley, who served as an officer in the Royal Army during the 
Civil War, came to Virginia in 1649 and as Burgess, Councillor, Deputy- 
Governor and Governor, was long prominent in the Colony. He married 
Agatha (Eltonhead) widow of Ralph Wormeley, of "Rosegill," Va., 
and died Inlx 5, 1682. See this Magazine III, 39; XVII, 144. His 
mother was Dorothy, daughter of Sir Thomas Kempe, of Olantigh, Kent, 
and sister of Mary, wife of Sir Dudley Digges, of Chilbam, two gov- 
ernors of Virginia, Sir Henry Chichley and Edward Digges were first 
cousins. Mary Chichley, whose will follows was a sister of Sir Thomas 
the elder.] 

Mary Chicheley, of Wymple in the Countie of Cambridge, 

Dated 1 March 1616 [-17] Proved 3 June 1617. 

To be buried in the Chappell to the Church in Wymple. To 
the poore Inhabitants in Wimple, Five poundes. To the poore 
in Arington, Fifty shillings and to the poore in Wendy, fifty 
shillings. To my mother Mris Anne St. John, one hundred 



poundes. To my sister the Lady Dorothie Chicheley, my sister 
Elizabeth Pinchebacke, my brother Wilham Harrington Esq., 
my sister Dorothie his wife and to my brother John Chicheley, 
either and everie of them, Fourtie j^oundes. To my brother 
Devereux Chichley, one himdred poundes. To my brother 
Oliver St. John, and to my sister Anne St. John, either of them, 
Twenty poundes. To my Cosyns, Thornas Chichley, Dorothie 
Chichley, Jane Chichley, Henrye Chichley & John Chichley, 
the Children of my brother Sr Thomas Chichley, Knight late 
deceased, everie of them. Twenty poimdes. And to my Cosyn 
and Goddaughter Anne Chichley, fourtie poundes, to be payde 
unto them as the}^ shall accomplish theire age of one and twentye 
yeares. To my Cosin John Pigott, esquire, five poundes to buy 
him a Ringe. And to Mris. Frances Bowyer, three poimdes to 
buye her a Ringe. To Air Edwarde Marshall and to George 
Holder either of them, Tenn poundes. To my Nursse Pincke, 
five poundes And to my Ivlayde Alice [space] three poundes. I 
bequeath Six poundes, to be distriljuted amongst my sister 
Chichley 's sen'ants in her howse at the tyme of my death. 

Residuary Legatees and Executors: my sister the Lady 
Chichley Sc my brother Devoreux Chichley. 

William Hinton, John Hinde, Tiniothie Atkinson, Witnesses. 

Proved 3 June 1617 by Devoreux Chichley, one of the Execu- 
tors named, power reserA'ed to Dorothie Chichley, the other 
Executor. 61 Wcldon. 

Henry Churchill of Steeple Claydon, county Bucks, gent. 
Will 23 May 1651; proved 10 Febniary 1653-4. I bequeath 
to my eldest son Tobias at his age of 24 my mansion house 
wherein I now dv/ell, with my close adjoining called Sand Fur- 
long; a parcel called Peartree Hill abutting on the land of Rich- 
ard Doggett, v.'ith the meadow adjoiniiig called the lower part 
of Great Riffams; to remain, in deiault of issue to him, to my 
sons Henry, John, Thomas. Joseph, and William successively. 
And I charge whichever of my sons shall inherit the premises 
to pay to my third daughter Phillis Churchill £.10 yearly for 
her maintenance till her age of 21, and then a portion of £200. 


I give £200 apiece in like manner to my eldest daughter Anne 
Churchill my second daughter Marie Churchill and my fourth 
and youngest daughter Frances Churchill. I give to my son 
Henry at his age of 24 my close in Steeple Cleydon called 
Gabrielle Ground. To my sons John and Thomas my pastvue 
called Bushy Close and the meadow called Cowmeade. To my 
son Joseph, my moiety of the ground called Boumheades. To 
my son Tobias my freehold land in the commion fields of Leigh- 
ton Buzzard, county Bedford, called Midsom^er Plott, and 11 
acres of copyhold which I purchased, and my will is that my 
wife shall surrender to him and his heirs m.y m_essuage and land 
and one cottage wherein the Widow Doggett now dwelleth, all 
in Leighton Buzzard aforesaid, and I charge these premises 
with the pa^'inent of £300 to William Chm-chill, my youngest 
son, at his age of 21, with £10 yearly for his maintenance mean- 
while. I bequeath to my godson Henry Churchill, son of my 
brother Churchill of Clifton in the parish of Deddington, 
county Oxon, yeoman, £5. To miy godson Henry Churchill, 
son of John Churchill, late of Steeple Cleydon, deceased, 10s. 
To the poor of Leighton Buzzard, 40s. at the discretion of the 
minister, churchwardens, and overseers of the poor. To the 
poor of Steple Cleydon 40s., one half in bread, the other in 
m.oney. All the rest of my goods to my wife Phillis Churchill, 
whom I make my executrix; and I appoint my said brother 
Thomas Churchill and his eldest son Thomas, my, 
Joseph Townesend, son of my brother in law William Towne- 
send of Princes Risborow, county Bucks, and my eldest son 
Tobias, my overseers, (signed) Plenr)'- Churchill. Witnesses: 
William Fry, the mark of Henry Chamberlaine. Administra- 
tion granted to the abovesaid Tobias Churchill, the executrix 
named being then also deceased. Brent, 367. 

[The mention in this will of a brother living in Oxfordshire, makes it 
possible that the testator may have been of the same family as William 
Churchill of Va., who was born at North Aston, Oxfordshire.] 

Robert Codrington now within the precincts of the Cathedrall 

Churche of Bristoll, gentle. 
Dated 11 Feb 1618. Proved 7 May 1819. 

To my eldest daughter Elizabeth Codrington, Two hundreth 


I)Oundes. To Anne Codrington my second daughter, Two hun- 
dredth poundes. To Francis, my third daughter, one hundredth 
poundes. To Susanne, my fourth daughter. Two hundi^eth 
poundes. , To Dorothie, my fifth daughter, Two hundreth 
]joundes. To Joyce, my sixt daughter, Two hundreth poundes. 
To Marye, my seaventh and youngest daughter nowe h\'inge, 
Three hundreth poundes to be paid within the space of one yeare 
nexte after the death of Mris Margaret Caple, wife of WiUiam 
Caple of Warrington in the County of Somersett, Esquire. To 
m},' sixe younger *sonnes, Tenne poundes a peece quarterly to be 
jjaid by my wiffe their mother "or to maintaine them with 
sufficient meate drinke and apparell, wth good education leav- 
inge her my said wieff free Hbertie to take choice and at her 
l)leasure to doe which of these she will," during the l}'fe of my 
Father Symon Codrington, of Codrington in the County of 
(jIouc, Esquire. To my eldest sonne John Codrington, a 
Lease of all woods, underwoods. Groves, and Tymber trees 
growinge in Chesecome Haynes grove, the Ekn Hoye, and Winch 
liaye adjoyninge to the aforesaid mannor house, of Codrington 
granted, Lett and sett l)y lease unto mee, by and from my said 
I'^ather Symon Codrington only upon this proviso and Condicon 
that he my said sonne John Codrington shall jmye to m>' said* 
sonnes Twentie poundes a peece. 

Residuary Legatee and Sole Executrix: Anne, my wyfe. 

Overseers: my freinds Sr Thomas Estcoot Knighte, Mr 
'J'homas Joye [Juyer], Gyles Codrington, and John Codrington 
my brothers. 

Edward Greene, "Huse3\ ' ' Thomas Juye, nic: Hely, Witnesses 

Proved 7 May 1619 by the Executrix named. [*Not named]. 
4tl Parker. 

[The testator, like John Codrington, whose will was printed in this 
Magazine XXIII, 159, was of the family from which came the Codring- 
tons of Barbadoes, one of whom, Henningham Codrington, wife of Dr. 
J'aul Codrington, has many descendants in Virginia.] 

Edward Fleete, citizen and of London. Will 8 March 

billi; proved 12 January 11147-8. St Bennet Shirhog. [Probate 
Act]. As touching the disposing of all such goods and other 
estate as God hath lent me in this world, I give unto my daughter 


Aurelia £400, and a ring with a table diamond, with other [sic] 
household stuff, which is in a note whereunto I have put my 
liand. To my daughter Jane, £400, a ring with eight small 
diamonds, and other household stuflf, in the said note. To 
my loviiig sister Suzan Younge £100. All the rest of my goods 
to my four children, equally to be divided among them, to wit, 
my son Edward, and my three daughters, Judeth, Sarah, and 
Rachell. I give to my son my two seal rings of gold. To my 
daughter Judeth a small diamond ring. To my daughter 
Sarah a ring with a jacinth stone. To my daughter Rachell 
a ring with a white safier stone. To the poor of the parish 
where I now dwell, £5. I make my daughter Aurelia, and my 
friend Mr. Richard Holland my executors. Witnesses: Jona- 
than Tucke, John Speer. Codicil March the 9th, 1649. For 
Aurelia Fleete : A ring with a fair table diamond, a suit of table 
linen of damask, which she shall choose, a pair of childbed 
sheets, a pair of pillowbeeres to them, and of the small childbed 
linen a third part, a pillow of purple velvet embroidered with 
tentwork, a lesser cushion grounded with silver, a suit of hang- 
ings with tapistry containing five pieces, a bedstead, a furniture 
for it of crimson perpetuano, and a window curtain with crim- 
son lace and fringe; a featherbed, boulster and pillows, a pair of 
blankets, a crimson rug [of] pintatho bordered with satin, a 
cupboard cloth of kersey, a great chair and six stools trimmed 
suitable to the bed, a piUow and two cushions of figured satin, 
and eitlier the chest of drawers or the best trunk, which she 
pleaseth, a pair of brass andirons, fire shovel, and tongs. For 
Jane Fleet a ring, etc., and linen as above, the other suit of 
damask, a bedstead, a furniture of pintatho for a bed, a quilt 
of the same bordered with satin, a sideboard cloth, and a cujv 
board cloth, an inward furniture for the bed of white calico 
edged with bone lace, etc. [as above] (signed) Edward Fleete. 
Witnesses : Jonathan Tucke, John Speer. Proved by Aurelia 
Fleet, with power reserved, etc. Essex, 4. 

[Henry Fleet, who emigrated to Virginia, had a brother Edward Fleet, 
who may have been the testator above. See this Magazine 11, 70-76, 
V, 253, 254. If so, this Edward Fleet had at one time lived in Maryland 
where he was a member of the Assembly in 1638] 

(To be continued) 


COUNCIL PAPERS 1698-1702. 

(From the Originals in the Virginia State Library) 

Account of William Byrd, Auditor. 

(Concluded) £ s d 

24"' June 1699. by Order of His Excellency 1076. 18. 05}4 

By paid his Excellency for SLx month 14 dales 
house rent Ending y« same time by Order as afore- 
said 80.15.04^ 

By paid the Gent of the Councill, One yeares Sal- ' 

ary Ending the 27*'' Aprill 1699 by Order as before 350. 00. 00 

By paid Wm. Blathwayt Esq'' his Maj'" Audif 

&c. one yeare and a quarter Salary, ending y" 24 1'' 

June 1699 by Order as before 125. 00. 00 

By paid Benj'a Harrison Clk of y^ Councill one 
Yeare four Months (wanting 2 dales) Sallary End- 
ing the Same time by Order as before 66. 03. 01 

By paid Barth. ffowler Esq^ His Maj'^" Attorney 
Gen '11 for one Year two months & four dales Sall- 
ary Ending the Same time by Order as before 47. 02. 04 

By paid the Rev*^ M"" Blaier for Soe much paid by 

him to tenn Ministers for Preaching at James Citty 

last Gen'll Court and Assembly by Order as before 10. 00. 00 

By paid y^ Solicit"" of the Virg'a Affairs One year 

and a Quarters Salary Ending y'' 24'-'' June 1699 

by Ord^ as before 125. 00. 00 

By paid Edward Ross Gunn"" of the fort at James 
Citty One yeares and a quarters Salary ending 

the Same time by Order as before 18. 05. 00 

By paid Roger William.s for hooping 75 barrells 

powd"" by Order as before 7. 10. 00 

By paid Benj'a Harrison Clk of the Councill for 
vSoe much paid by him to Severall p'sons for Mess- 
ages for his Maj'* Service by Order as before 80. 10. 06 


The Auditor is Continued Dr. 

To severall Articles brought over amounting to..6393. 19. 113^ 




the Shi(is being now all cleared there can arise noe money to 
y<^ Revenue for the next half yeare little or noe tob'o being ex- 
ported till some time after X'mas. 
Contra Cred' 

By Severall Articles brought over amounting to 4761. 16. 06}4 

By paid Benjamin Hamson Clk of y" Councill for 
Soe much paid by him to Severall psons for Mess- 
ages and extraordinary Services about the ffort at ■ 

James City by Order of Excellency 15. 08. 06 

By paid John Chiles his Majt« Messenger to At- 
tend his Excellency and Councill One yeare and a 
Quarters Salary- Ending y^ 24'^ June 1699 by Or- 
der as before ...._ 31. 05. 00 

By paid John Henly for makeing a platforme & 
finding Materialls at Tindalls point by Order as 

before. ._ 25.00.00 

By paid Rich'* Dunbarr for one yeare and half a 
quart" Salary- as Gunner of His Maj*^ ffort at 
Tindalls i^oint and for Several Disbursm'" for y^ 

use of His Maj*^ Said ffort by Order as before „... 17. 03. 00 

By Collect" Sallary at 10 p C* of 3395. 2. 8 339. 10. 03 

By y« Audito" Salary at 7i/^ p C* of 3055. 12. 5 229. 03. 05 

Soe that there remaines due to His Maj'ty from 
this Accomptant the Siune of nine hundred seaven- 
ty four pounds thirteen Shillings and three pence 
three farthings 974. 13.03^ 

p William Byrd Aud^ ..£6393. 19. lli^ 

Virg'a ss. William Byrd Auditor to his Majesty's Revenue 
of 2« reserved for every hundred Acres of Land held of his 
Majesty in this Colony Also Composition for the Year 1698.-..D' 

To the Ballance of last yeare's Acco*. 4405. 19.00 

To the Q^ Rents of Gloucester County Cash and 

Sallary deducted— 284281. at 7^6<^. p C^ 106. 12. 01 ■ 

To Ditto in King & Queen Cou'ty 35051 at Ditto.... 131. 08. 

To Ditto in New Kent County. 29958 at Ditto 112. 06. 10 

To Ditto in York County. 12144 at Ditto 45. 10. 10 

To Ditto in James Citty County. 18745 at 6». p C*.. 56. 04. 09 


To Ditto in Wamick County. 7565 at Ditto 22. 13. 11 

To Ditto in Elizabeth City Cou'ty. 5824 at Ditto... 17. 19. 05^ 

To Ditto in Middlesex County. 9842 at Ditto 29. 10. 07 

To Ditto in Essex County. 13259 at Ditto 39. 15. 08 

T ■ To Ditto in Charles City County. 27493 at Ditto.... 82. 02. 04 

To Ditto in Henrico County. 27126 at Ditto 81. 07. 06^ 

To Ditto in Surry County. 20842 at Ditto 62. 10. 063^ 

. . To Ditto in Isle of Wight County. 24384 at Ditto. . 73.03.01 

j'!^hc 1 'I'o Ditto in Nanzamond County. 22770 at Ditto.. 68. 06. 03 

PN- To Ditto in Norfolk County. 19780 at 5\6'^. p C* 54. 07. 11 

To Ditto in Princess Ann County. 17973 at 5». p C^ 44. 08. 07J^ 

To Ditto in Northampton County. 20434 at Ditto . 51 . 01 . 09 

\.9'' To Ditto in Accomack County. 40768 at Ditto 102.18.06 

\. I^o Severall Composition's for Excheats amount- 
el ingto 13. 15. 02 

i«'i?. £5602. 10.08M 

to jolr Contra C^ 

Trow. By paid the Reverend M"" Blaier pursuant to In- 

C . structions from their Excellency's y*^ Lords Jus- 
tices of England being for four Yeares arrears Due 
to him y« 11**^ July 1698 as Comissary to the Lord 

Bishop of London, by Order of His Excellency 400. 00. GO 

By allowed the Audif pursuant to a Warr* from 
their Excellencies y*' Lord's Justices of England • 

Counter-Signed by the Right Hon'ble the Lords 
Comissioner's of his Maj'^ Treasury dated y"" 15**' 

r November 1698 for Soe much advanced for the 

Support of this His Maj** Govemm' by Order as "' 

before.. . ...2955.09.081/^ 

By paid the Reverend M"" Blaier one Yeare (want- 
ing Seaventeen daies) vSallary Ending the 24*** 

June 1699 by Order as before 95.06. 10 

By Audito" Salary for 1196. 11. 8}4 at 7^ p C 89. 19. 103^ 

Soe that there remaine Due to His Maj'ty from 

this Accomptant y*-' Sume of two thousand Sixty 

one pounds, Nineteen vShillings & three pence. ..2061. 19. 03 

p William Byrd Aud'. 



(Contributed by W. B. Cridlin, Richmond, Va.) 


['J'!ie records of this County have been greatly damaged by 

several fires and only fragments remain, which have been 

collected and bound.] 

1821. Waller Quarles and Kesiah his wife to William Burke, 
Woodson Jones and John Waller, executors of Joseph Temple, 
deceased. (P. 153.) 

1821. John Shackleford and Polly his wife, of King & Queen 
to John Cook, Jr., Deed. Witnesses: Bailey Fox, Thomas W. 
Trew, Thomas Jeffries, and John DuVal, Justices of King & 
Queen, take acknowledgement. (P. 154.) 

1821. James Johnson of King William to Thomas Dabney 
of the 2^^ part and Richard Cockran, Deed. (P. 155.) 

1821. Samuel B. Lipscomb to Agnes Blackwell (a sister of 
said S. B. L.)his half of land inherited on division. (P. 157, 

1809. Robert Blaclcwell to Daniel EUett, Deed. Land ad- 
joining that of Major Cole Digges. Witnesses: Benj. Pollard, 
Robert Pollard, Robert Pollard, Jr. (P. 159, 160.) 

1809. John Boswell to James Boswell, Deed. His interest 
in his deceased father's land. (P. 159.) 

1809. James Johnson to Philip Johnson, Deed for personal 
property. Witnesses: J. Walker, Wm. R. Johnson. (P. 160.) 

1813. William Trigg and Rebeckah his wife, who was Re- 
beckah Crenshaw, to John BalLentine. Deed for love and affec- 
tion. Witnesses: Thomas Dabney, Philip Johnson. (P. 161.) 

1813. James White to Charles Lipscomb and John Mill, 
Deed. Mentions mother Martha White and father Thomas 
White, deceased, and brother Richard White. Witnesses: 
James Mill, Charles Neale, William White, Jr., Henry Brenan, 
(P. 162.) 



1796. John Drewry and Sarah his wife of King William to 
Charles Carter of Charles City County. Deed. Land formerly 
purchased by Robert Drewry, deceased, of Thomas Blackwell 
and Robert Oliver. (P. 163, 198.) 

1796. John Ruffin, John Roane, and Edward P. Chamber- 
la\aie, gents., greeting, wheras Sterling Ruifm and Alice his 
V, ife, etc., have conveyed to Robert Slaughter, and wheras said 
Alice cannot travel to Court to make acknowledgement, &c. 
Edmund Berkeley, Count}'- Clerk. (P. 168 to 184, modem.) 

1798. William Richardson and Ann his wife, of Hanover 
Co., to William Ring, of New Kent. Land willed to Grymes 
Cobbett, deceased, by his father Henry Cobbett, deceased, part 
of which was sold by Grymes Cobbett, deceased, to James Dugan 
of King William. Land was mentioned in Henry Cobbett's 
will as "Keys." Witnesses: Thomas Fox, Bathurst Jones, 
Thomas Phillips, William Croxton, John Christian, John Talley, 
Thomas Stark. (P. 202.) 

1798. "William Dabne3^ Jr. and Sally his wife of King 
V\^illiam, to William Cooke. Witnesses: William Dabney, Jr. 
[?], Byrd Chamberlayne, John Fox, William Hough. 

1798. John Beckley and Roger Gregory, Jr. to Nathaniel 
Gregory, Bond. Witnesses: Thomas Butler, Thomas Quarles, 
Thos. Seayres, George Williamson. (P. 188.) 

1797. John Rice of the Co. of Mason, Ky. to Wm. Rice of 
King William. Land inherited by the will of his father, 
Michael Rice, deceased. Mentions brothers Samuel Squire 
Rice and Philip R. Rice. (P. 192.) 

1720. List of surveys of Jas. Taylor, surveyor, recorded. 
Lieut. Coll. Wm. Byrd. 600 

Robt. Bird. 600 Saml. Norment. 

Mr. Henry-Webber. 200 Robt. Charlesworth. 

Mr. John Robinson. 2000 Do. and John Fulcher. 

Robt. Beadles. 275 Ralph Williams. 

Wm. Higgins. 400 David Murry. 

Thos. Evans. 200 Robt. Holmes. 

Wm. Yarbrough. 400 Robt. Holmes. 

Richard Yarbrough. 400 Robt. Holmes. 



John Collier, Jr. 400 Robt. Holmes. 

John Collier, Jr. 400 Robt. Axton. 

Capt. Thos. Carr. 400 Robt. Axton. 

Capt. Thos. Terry. 400 Robt. Axton. 

Capt. Thos. Terry. 400 Robt. Chandler. 

Capt. Thos. TeiTy. 200 Capt. Jas. Terry. 

Wm. Dunn. 320 Mr. John Quarles.' 

Wm. Dunn. 280 Thos. Clarke. 

Jas. Cary. 400 Thos. Ware. 

Phil, and Geo. Southerland. 200 Thos. Thompson. 

Mr. Nath. West. 112 Chas. Oakes. 

Henry Morris. 400 Thos. Hamor. 

Col. Keith & Geo. Thompson. 400 Nicholas GiUint, M. D. 

Jno. HoUiday. 400 

Put into King William Court the lO'i^ of June 1720. (P. 13.) 
[It is probable that the names following the numbers of acres 

are those of chainman or witnesses.] 

1722. Wm. Claiborne to Philip Whitehead. Deed. (P. 14.) 
1722. Thos. Clements to Capt. Philip Whitehead. Deed. 

(P- 14.) 

1722. Thos. Hancock to Jas. Cox, Deed. Land adjoining 

Henry Gravett, Alex. King and George Purchase. (P. 15.) 

1798. Drury Boswell Winfrey and Mary Meredith, his wife, 
to John Hill, Deed. (P. 190). Mentions Jas. Hill, Jas. John- 
son, Jr. and Wm. Gregory take acknowledgement. Edmund 
Berkeley, Co. Clerk. (P. 190.) 

1798. Drury Boswell Winfrey mentions land as inherited 
under will of his father Isaac Winfrey, deceased. Witnesses: 
Parmenas Bryant, Thos. Hill, Wm. Hill, John Pannill. (P. 

1798. Philip Aylett and Elizabeth his wife of King William, 
to Reuben Turner, land adjoining Loften Newman's estate, and 
Mrs. Mary Garlock Purchased of Wm. Aylett, deed., father 
of said Philip, but not recorded. (P. 191, 192) (& 193, 194, 
dated 1844.) 

1797. Polly Pemberton Madison of King William to John 
Whitworth, land devised by will of Henry Madison, deed., to 



be equally divided between John Madison's children, upon 
death of said John Madison and Sarah his wife. Witnesses: 
George Madison, Patty Madison, Mary Neale. (P. 199.) 

1797. Henry Shackelford and Mary his wife, to Wm. Nelson. 
Witnesses: Thos. Nelson and Christopher Tompkins. (P. 200.) 

1798. Philip Aylett and Elizabeth his wife to Wm. Aylett. 
Deed. Witnesses: Robt. Pollard, John Roane, Jr., Robt. New- 
man. (P. 201.) 

■ ' ■' BOOK II. 

1722. John Edwards to Thos. Johnson, Deed. Land ad- 
joining Cyprian Burwell. (P. 78.) 

1722. Thos. Spencer and Anne his wife to Thos. Spencer, 
their son, and he to David Meriwether. Land adjoining Abra- 
ham Spencer. (P. 8-12.) 

1722. Thos. Carr, Jr. gives bond as sheriff. Phil. Whitehead 
and John Chiles, securities. (P. 16.) 

1722. James Adams to son Peter Adams, Deed of gift. (P. 

1722. Thos. Clements to Geo. Clements. Bond. Wit- 
nesses: James Gary, Jas. Michell, Jane Gary. (P. 17, 18.) 

1722. James Michell to Geo. Clements. Bond. (P. 18.) 

1722. Timothy Johnson, Lawyer [more probably Sawyer] to 
Jacob EUis, Deed. (P. 19.) 

1722. John Edwards and Sarah his wife to Thos. Johnson. 
Deed. "Livery of seis'n was acknowledged by the said Jno. 
Edwards to the said Thos. Johnson by delivery of turf and twig 
on the within mentioned premises according to the form," &c. 
(P. 20.) 

1722. John Armour of Albemarle Co. to his brother's order. 
Deed of gift (P. 20.) [This must have been Albemarle, North 
Carolina, as Albemarle, Va. did not then exist.] 

1770. Philip Southerland to Nath. West, Jr. Deed. (P. 
21, 22.) 

1771. Martin Davenport, Gent., to Thos. Johnson. Land 
granted to Saml. Williams and Wm. Le in 1705, and con- 
veyed by said Saml. Williams to • . (P. 23, 24.) 


1800, John Drewry & Sarah his wife, who was Sarah 
Slaughter, Ambrose Edwards, Jr. & Ann his wife, formerly Ann 
Slaughtet , Samuel oMeredith and Elizabeth his wife, fonnerly 
Elizabeth Slaughter; Wharton Quarles and Mowming his wife, 
formerly Mowming Slaughter; John King and Mary his wife, 
formerly Mary Slaughter; Wm. Tanney Burrus and Martha 
his wife, who was Martha Slaughter of Orange County; Roger 
Slaughter of Orange Co., and James Jones and Jane his wife, 
who was Jane Slaughter of King and Queen County, to Henry 
Taney Slaughter. (P. 25, 2G.) 

1795. Wheras John Gatewood, Fleming Gatewood, Fanny 
Gatewood, Jas. Gatewood, Penelope Gatewood, Nancy Gate- 
wood, Alexander Gatewood, Fielding Gatewood, Ezekiel Field 
and Caty his wife, and their brothers and sisters Joseph, Sarah 
and Frances, are entitled to a tract of land in the counties of 
Caroline and King William, &c., which clause is said will (not 
found) is in these words "Likewise I give and bequeath all resi- 
due of my Estate both real and personal in Kentucky and Vir- 
ginia to be equall}'' divided between my sons and daughters 
herein mentioned," and being so entitled the said Fleming, 
Fanny, John, &c., have separately sold to Leonard Gatewood, 
&c. Witnesses: Jesse Carter, Fullington Gatewood, John Dav- 
enport and Thos. King. The first three witnessed the deed 
before the clerk of Jefferson Co. Court, Kentucky, 2P' July 
1803. Statement made that all but Leonard Gatewood, who 
lived in King William Co., were residents of Jefferson Co., Ky. 
(P. 27, 28.) 

1803. Miles King and Mar}' his wife to Wm. Gregory, Deed 
of trust for Elizabeth S. C. King, their daughter. (P. 29, 30.) 

1803. Farley Frazer and Lucy his wife to Peter Dessarges. 
Deed and Mortgage. (P. 29.) 

1803./ Jas. Pannell of King A¥illiam to brother John Pannell. 
Deed of land inherited by will. 

1796. George Peay and Ann his wife to Thos. Rowe. Deed 
(P. 31.). 

1704. Thos. Carr, John Whitehead, Thos. Swan, Henry Fox 
and Thos. Fullerlove, administrators of will of Wm. Rawlings, 



deed., part of Rawlings will extant, p. 34. Leaves estate for 
schooling of poor children. 

1703. Inventory of estate of John Holling. (P. 36-39.) 
1706. Inventory of estate of Wm. Clayboume, Gent. (P. 


1705. Inventory of estate of Edward Burgess, deed. Com- 
missions (to make inventory?) Roger Mallory, Joseph Bickley, 
Saml. Norment. (P. 39, 40.) 

1705. Wm. Rawlings to Arthur Arnold, Maurice Floyd, 
Thos. Thomson and Caleb Saunders, each a cow, and to I\Iary 
Ashlock, daughter of John Ashlock, deed., one cow &c., and 
to Elizabeth wife of John Whiteland, and to Rachel Oakes. 
(P. 41.) 

1704. York Co., April 24, 1704. 

This day and year above came before mee, Henry Tyler, 
Samson Sherard, of the county aforesaid, merchant, and made 
oath upon the holy Evangelists that Geo. Preston of the s'd 
county, deed., did in his lifetim.e stand justly indepted unto 
him the just sum of three pounds, sixteen shillings and three 
pence Ster., by acct., and forasmuch as the said Sherard ob- 
tained administration of the estate of the s'd Preston in King 
William Co. court, &c., desires to render a true Inventory of s'd 
Intestates' estate &c. Signed H. Tyler, Presented in King Wm. 
Court by Hugh Owen, Atty. for Sherard May 20, 1704 (P. 42.) 

1704. Isabella Nichols, Jas. Adams and John Anderson, 
administrators of estate of Thos. Nichols, deed. (P. 43.) 

1704. Geo. Chapman's will in part mentions his godson 
Thos. West. Leaves him residue of estate and nominates him 
executor. Witnesses: Nat. West, Mathew Creed, Reynold 
Brightwell, Arnold Mann. (P. 44.) 

1704. Christopher Peace, will, leavesallestateto his brother 
Ralph Pea. Witnesses: Lewis Davis, V/m. Paris, and Mary 

(To be continued) 




In Pursuance of His Ma''^^ Commands it is humbly offered, 

1. That three Companys of soldiers may constantly remain 
there as also a Catch with thirty men. ^\nd that together with 
the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Major General, Chaplane, 
Chirurgeon &c. they be placed upon the Establishment here in 
England in the same manner and proportion as in Jamaica. 

[On the margin opposite section 1, is this comment]. 

Proposal rec'^ from y^ Lord Culpeper 13^'' of Dec. 1678. and 
read the 14*'' following. Agreed only but two foot Companys 
instead of three. 

2. That there be one sufficient Fort erected there in the most 
convenienL place to secure Shipping whereby the King may be 
safe from Rebellion, His Customs more secure at home & the 
Country less liable to invasions and losses. And to this End 
that his Ma'ty be pleased to write a possitive Letter to the 
Assembly, And as our Encouragement to them to do the rest 
that his Ma'ty be pleased for such time as shall be necessary 
to apply the Quit Rents and Escheats &c. when the Patentees 
are agreed with, to that use as also His two third parts of all 
Fines and Forfeitures which by almost all past acts are granted 
to themselves and not to the Crown the residue to be made up 
there either by an Imposition on liquor imported or otherwise 
regard had to the poverty of the place by the late Rebellion 
and the present Constitution of affairs there. 

3. That there be towns built there one on each great River if 
possible. And in order thereunto that after sufficient notice to 
l)rovide Warehouses and other conveniences, no ships whatso- 
ever be pciTnitted to load or unload but at the said places where 
the towns are designed the chiefest whereof to be near the above- 
mentioned fort. And in case different Interests hinder y« 


Assembly there from agreeing the places His Ma'ty upon Report 
of the case, to direct them and to grant them all necessary privi- 
leges as to Trade and Markets but not to Incorporate any, or to 
give them any share in the Government and particularly not to 
choose Burgesses. 

[On the margin opposite section 3, is this comment.] 


4. That all the Laws of the Country be forthwith perused 
here and out of them a body compiled with such alterations as 
shall be thought fitting and sent by the Lord Culpeper under 
the Great Seal of England to be confirmed there wherein all 
defects in the stile may be amended and all forfeitures granted 
to the King only. And particularly wherein several clauses in 
the Act for raising the two shillings per hogshead on Tobacco 
exported thence for support of the Government there may be 
explained and amended and several frauds hindered. As also 
to send a general Act for Naturalization and to repeal the Act 
of four poimds damages for defaming the Governor and Council 
and to send another in its place more suitable. 

[On the margin opposite section 4, is this comment]. 

There is not time enough to peruse all ye Laws, neither are 
they all here: therefore those now in being are to remain in 
force, till that the Lord Culpeper after his arrival there, shall 
with the advice of Council, have sent a body of Laws, such as 
His Ma'ty shall approve of, to be enacted there. In the mean- 
time let the Act of y* Revenue be now next amended as is 
proposed also the Act of Naturalization and the Act about the 
Governor &c. As also such others as may be found to be ab- 
solutely necessar}^ See about their personal estates plundered 
& condemned by the Rebels. 

5. That his Ma'ty be pleased to send a general Act of In- 
demnity for all persons and Estates (Bacons only excepted) 
and those who suffered on legal Trials by Jury, rendering two 
or three of the Ring leaders only, incapable of Imployment. 
And for servants that no other advantage be taken against 
them, by their Masters under pretence of any law of the Country. 
But that the Year of Rebellion be not accounted as part of their 
time of service. And lastlv that there be a clause in the nature 


of the Act for Judicial proceedings to confirm all Judgement and 
process of Law notwithstanding the misnameing any person 
for Governor that was not Governor and notwithstanding the 
Counsellors not having been as they ought appointed, or con- 
firmed b\' the King without which all things will be loose, it 
having been as I am credily informed constantly omitted, by 
S'' William Berkley ever since his Ma''*"^ Restoration. 

6. Thiii there be care taken to discharge all Moneys remain- 
ing due to the soldiers remaining there now, and to the Country 
for Quariering them. And that they may be punctuahy paid, 
for the future as also that the old Powder, now there may be 
changed for new and the defects of the stores to be supplied. 

[On the margin opposite section 6, is this comment]. 
Agreed. And the Lord Culpeper is Ordered to take y* 
Accounts and see both Soldiers and the Country only paid. 

7. That the Patentees of both grants especially the Latter 
to the Lords Culpeper and Arlington, be forthwith agreed with, 
and the Patents taken in to the intent that in pursuance of the 
Ingagement to the Country the Lord Culpeper may deliver it 
up vacated with his own hands. 

[On the margin opposite section 7, is this comment]. 
Agreed. And the Lord Treasurer is forthwith to see it done. 

8. That in case of War or great dangers no Ships be permitted 
to go to or return from Virginia but with sufficient Convoys or 
with Fleets. 

[On the margin opposite section 8, is this comment]. 
Agreed . 

9. These are the chief specific points applicable to Virginia 
only, and the present Conjuncture there, to which adding the 
General heads and Powers agreed on in my Lord Carlisle's 
Commission and Instructions as a pattern for the Rest, both 
as to the Government, and the comfortable subsistance of the 
Governor the affairs of that Colony will be i)ut into a good 
method and the Lord Culpeper 's dispatches quickly dispatched. 

[On thcr margin opposite section 9, is this comment]. 
Agreed, and to be done forth with as is proposed. 
These heads were delivered in January 1677 to M'' Sec'y 
Coventry and read at the Committee of Foreign affairs in May 



last but by reason of my lord Treasurers absence nothing done. 
But upon the 11 ''^ August upon a full debate upon every one, It 
was resolved as in the margin, and I conceive, so set down by 
M" Secretary. 

[On the margin opposite is tliis comment]. 

Agreed, taking care that the Estates of the persons pardoned, 
be liable to their debts. And that the loyal persons may have 
their Estates again. 

The following lesser points were also agreed : 

1. That an Order about the Impost of Tobacco demanded 
by M'" Sandys and M'' Brown to be allowed them in Virginia 
might be annulled. 

2. That all Tobaccos shipped in Virginia should pay Virginia 

3. That the presents for the Indian princes be forthwith 
delivered to the Lord Culpeper. 

4. That the King would send a Mace and Sword to the 
Country as he had done in other places and furniture for a 
Chapel destroyed by the Rebels as my Lord Carlisle had. 

5. That the King would send furniture for two hundred 
dragoons and fifty horse, with some tents, the Country moimt- 
ing theirs at their charge on occasion. 

6. That the business of the Auditor be setled wherein the 
Country is exceedingly disturbed and as I conceive His Ma*'®' 
concerns prejudiced. 

7. That all writs may be issued out in the King's name only 
if it be practicable. 

A true Copy teste 
W. Davis 

tifTTRT e ll'.L/l 

•fiaai ^ \(. 




Confederate State Debts. 

A statement showing the Public Debt of each of the Eleven Confederate 
States, and their readjustment: 

STATES Debts 1860 Debts 1870 Readjusted. 

Alabama $6,700,000 S31, 952,000 $11,613,670 

Arkansas 3,092,624 18,287,273 5,813,627 

Florida 1,120,000 5,512,268 1,391,357 

Georgia 2,670,750 20,197,500 10,334,000 

Louisiana 4,561,109 40,416,734 12,635,870 

Mississippi none 3,226,847 379,485 

North Carolina 9,699,000 29,900,045 3,629,511 

South Carolina 4,046,540 24,782,906 7,175,454 

Tennessee 20,898,606 41,863,406 > 25,685,822 

Texas no report no report no report 

Virginia ..- 31,800,712 45,718,112 24,000,000 


1 cannot find anywhere mention of Confederate Govt. debt. Feel 

sure I should remember something about the facts if it ever appeared 

to me in print. I have no idea where to apply for the information if at 

all attainable. 

H. T. Owen. 


William Ashbum 

of Liverpool 

Who traded to this province 

for many years Died the 25th 

Day of October 1773 Aged 43 Years 

and was hurried beneath 

this Stone. 

Recently I was shown this inscription on a slab covering a grave 

located near the site of old Ware church in Chesterfield county, near old 

Osborn landing and on or near the Howlett farm on the James River. 


A broken slab covered axiother grave alongside of this one. Thinking 
this might be of some interest to you I copied it. 

Trees nearly one hundred years old, I judge, have grown up around 
these graves and they seemingly have long since passed out of the care 
of any one. 

.Sterling Boisseau. 


Communicated by: Charles F. Mcintosh. 
Copied from Book A, part 3 folios 33 & 34, Clerk's Office of the Cir- 
cuit Court of Norfolk County, Virginia (.Portsmouth, Virginia): 

f. 33: "Att a County Court holden Ye third day of 

November 1645 at the house of 

William Shipp: 
Prsent. Capt. Thomas Willoughby esqr. 

Capt. Edward Windham. Mr. Thomas Meares. 

"'^ Mr. ffrancis Mason. Mr. Thomas Lambard. 

Mr. Edward Loyd. Mr. Math. Phillipps. 

f. 34: 

"Whereas it appfeares unto the Court that Richard 

Conquest hath divers tymes gone to James Towne 

to copy out the Acts of Assembly whereby 

certaine Charges and disbursm'ts by him have beene 
occasioned, And whereas the said Richard Conquest 
hath allsoe taken paynes in faiie copying ye said 
Acts, and in Collecting them into a booke. The 
Court in due consideration thereof doth thinke 
fitt to allowe ye said Conquest: 1000 1. tobo. and 
to bee paid in Manner following, vizt. 5001. to 
to beeraysed and Levyed upon the Inhabitants of 
this Countye, and to bee collected by the Sherriflfe 
this pressent yeare — And 2001. tobo. iorsush to bee 
paid bye Ensigne Lambard and of a fTine w^ch ye said 
Ensignc Lambard hath formerly in the tyme ot his 
Shivalty received of Richard Hallgrave. And 3001. 
of tobo. more to bee paid to ye said Conquest out of 
ye next ffine wch shall happen to bee made and 
assessed by ye Court for ye Countyes use, Of wch said 
10001. tobo. The Court doth order paymt to bee made 
to ye said Conquest accordingly — and in such manner 
as is aforespecified and explained in this order." 


Note by C. F. McI.— Richard Conquest took the oath as High Sheriff 
ol Lower Norfolk County, Va., March 6-1647 (.Book B, f. 70); he was 
elected a Vestryman of Elizabeth River Parish Oct. 6-1648 (Book V, f. 
8S); made a Deposition that he was "aged 28 or thereabouts" at a Court 
held Aug. 16-1648 (Book B, f. 102); was made a Commissioner of Lower 
Norfolk March 27-1651 (Book B, f. 171); was SherifT of said County Aug. 
8-1661- when he was enjoined to stop "ye frequent meetings of this most 
pestilent Sect of Quakers." The Letter was addressed "flfor Mr. Rich- 
ard Conquest: sherr. of Lower Norf" and signed "Yor Loving flfriend 
William Berkley" (Book D, p. 264); he married Mary daughter of Capt. 
John Sibsey of Lower Norfolk (Book C, f. 47); No will of the said Rich- 
ard Conquest has been found in Norfolk County. 

Robinson— CusTis F.^mily— Accamac County, Va. 

On page 195 of the Magazine of April 1916, reference is made to John 
Custis as a grandson of Elizebeth Robinson; Anna Robinson as Exec- 
utrix etc. etc. and "T. T. Upshur stated that Major General John Custis 
married Alicia, daughter of the testatrix (Elizebeth Robinson) etc. etc." 
We never knew that Mr. Upshur ever stated that Major General John 
Custis married Alicia Robinson— he did state that Major General John 
Custis of Arlington etc. married (first) Elizebeth Robinson, {second) 

Alicia , widow of Peter Walker, etc. and [third) , etc. etc. etc. 

Was Alicia a Robinson? 

On page 308 of the Magazine of July 1916, reference is made to: "She 
(Mrs. Elizebeth Robinson) was the grandmother of Col. Tully Robinson, 
son of Win. and Col. John Custis, only child of Major Heneral John Custis 
and her deceased daughter Elizebeth ("Robinson Custis.") 

We do not understand the underscored part of the above quotation. 

G. C. Callahan, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Genealogical Inform.mion Desired. 

The undersigned has been four years engaged in an extensive research 
in the interest of a genealogical work which she is preparing for publica- 
tion under the title: "Some Prominent Families of Virginia and North 
Carolina," the data for which she obtained first-hand in a personal search 
which she made of the records of very many of the counties of Virginia 
and North Carolina. She desires to hear from all persons who know 
themselves to be descended from the following: 



Henry Isham (emigrant), Henrico Co., Va., through his two daughters, 
Mary (Isham) Randolph and Anne (Isham) Eppes. 

Maj. John Stith (emigrant) Charles City Co.. Va. 

Lt.-Col. Francis Eppes (emigrant), Charles City Co., Va. 

Col. Robert Boiling (emigrant), Prince George Co., Va., through his 
second wife Anne Stith. 

Capt. Nathaniel Ridley (emigrant), Isle of Wight Co., Va. 

Col. Robert Dickins (emigrant). Person Co., N. C. 

Edward Lewis, Mecklenbcrg Co., Va. 

David Walker, Prince George Co., Va. 

Dr. Samuel Browne, Isle of Wight Co., Va. 

Richard Bolton, Isle of Wight Co., Va., afterwards of Edgecombe Co., 
N. C. 

John Vaughan, Isle of Wight Co., Va., afterwards of Northampton Co., 

Charles Bolton (or Boulton), Caswell Co., N. C. 

Mrs. Martha C. D. Smithwick, 

881 Washington Ave., Memphis, Term. 

Wm. H. Roane. 

"Died, at Tree Hill, on Sunday morning, after a very protracted illness, 
William H. Roane, Esq. His remains will be taken for interment to the 
family burying ground of the late Judge Lyons in Hanover. His funeral 
will take place from the residence of James Lyons, Esq., in this city, at 
half past nine this morning, and his friends, and those of Mr. Lyons, are 
respectfully invited to attend it at that hour. — Richmond Enquirer, May 
12, 1845." 

Payne Family. 

Alexander Spotswood Payne 

And Already published in April No. 

Charlotte (Bryce) his wife 
Their children were, omitting those who died in infancy: 
Archer Alexander, born July 28, 1805; died July 20, 1826; unmarried. 

(9) Robert Spotswood, born Jan. 15, 1809; married Frances A. R. Meem 

(10) George Woodson, born Dec. 29, 1810; married Ann Dabney. 

(11) David Bryce, born Aug. 10, 1812; married Helen James. 

(12) James Ferguson, born Sept. 10, 1814; married Frances Dudley. 

(13) Martha Dandridge, born Apr. 20, 1820; married Isaac Vande- 

ccoHofl aohad'J 



(M) Ann Bryce, bom May 31, 1822; married Henry R. Smith. 
Lillias J., born Dec. 6, 1824; died unmarried. 

(15) V/illiam Michel, born Feb. 15, 1S2S; married Frances Mitchell. 

(16) Charlotte E., born Jan. 9, 1820; married John H. Winston. 

(17) Karri.'t J., born Feb. 11, 1831; married Capt. Wm. Steptoe. 


Catharine Payne, married Archibald Boiling (See Pocahontas Descen- 

They had 

(IS) Dr. Archibald Boiling, married Ann E. Wigginton of Bedford Co. 

Edward married Ann Cralle. 

Alexander, married Susan Gray. 

Jeflerson, died unmarried. 

Catharine, died unmarried. 

Pocahontas, married 1st, Mr. White; 2nd, Mr. Hill and died without 

Richard B. Gooch. 

For about two years before his death, Richard Barnes Gooch was 
editor of the Southern Planter, at that time owned by Peter D. Bernard, 
son-m-law of T. W. White, founder of the Southern Literary Messenger, 
and first pul^lisher of Ruflin's Farmer's Register. Mr. Gooch died in his 
thirty-first year, May 13th, 1851, at his home called "Airfield." He 
had been a student at the University of Virginia, and while there was, 
during 1830, one of the Board of Editors of the Collegian, conducted by a 
committee . lected by the students. The editors of this publication were 
encouraged to believe they could make money by it, and it was their idea 
to invest the profits in a fund for the support of a Professorship of English 
Literature at the University. After leaving the University, young 
Gooch v/erit abroad, and some of his letters written from Europe were 
published in the Richmond Enquirer. May 29, 1841, Mr. Gooch delivered 
the anniversary address of the Patrick Henry Society of Richmond, a 
pamphlet printed by Bernard. August 28, 1845, Gooch was chosen a 
member of the Standing Committee of the Richmond Education Meeting, 
to prepare an address on Education to the People of Virginia. 

During 1845, doubtless in October, the Southern Review began to appear, 
a Richmond periodical which has been a good deal lost sight of. The 
undersigned has seen but one number of this Review, that for January 
1846, Vol. ] , No. 4. The cover of this copy is gone, and there is nothing 
to show who was the editor, or who was the publisher. This number of 
the "Southern Review, devoted to Science, Literature and Philosophy," 
is full of matter on Education. The guess is offered that the magazine 

b eiri 310. 


was an outcome of the Education Meeting and Convention of 1845, and 
that Richard B. Gooch was the editor. Ready access to files of Rich- 
mond newspapers might clear up the point at once. 
See The Collegian, Charlottesville, Va., 1839, p. 395. 
(2) Southern Literary Messenger, October lS-15, pp. 605-607. 
(3j Southern Planter. June 1851, p. 161. 
(4) Christian, Richmond Past and Present, p. 152. 

A. J. Morrison, 

Hampden Sidney, Va. 

Geology of Richmond. 

Department of the Interior 

United States Geological Survey 


Office of the Director. November 20, 1916. 


Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 
Richmond, Va. 
My dear Sir: 

It occurs to me that your subscribers may be interested in the follow- 
ing statement regarding a report of this Survey of which we have a niun- 
ber of extra copies for free distribution. (I inclose a copy of the report). 
If you feel like publishing this statement 1 should very much appreciate' 
receiving a marked copy. 

Report on Geology of Richmond, Va. 

The "Economic Geology of Richmond, Va., and vicinity" is the title 
of a report issued by the United States Geological Survey, Department 
of the Interior, as Bulletin 483, a number of copies of which are available 
for free distribution. This bulletin will be of especial interest to all in- 
habitants of Richmond, for even the laymen who is not interested in 
geology may find it of interest and value to know just what kind of a 
foundation his house rests on, at what depth in digging a well ho would 
strike certain rock formations, and the quality of the granite which may 
be found in his own back lot, information whicli is readily accessible in 
Bulletin 483. 

An abundance of minerals is found in this region — including brick clay, 
molding sand, a great deposit of diatomaccous earth, ocher, concrete- 
mal-'ing material, and granite. Granite is the most valuable mineral 
product of the area and is well suited for building stone of the highest 
grade. One of the most notable structures built partly of Richmond 

dfOI . 



{granite is the huge vState, War, and Navy Department building in Wash 
ington. .Several paragraphs of the report are devoted to each mineral 
resource discussed, embracing the locations of the different deposits, 
the quality, and the extent of development. 

A copy of Bulletin 483 will be sent free on application to the Director, 
U. R. Geological Survey, Washington, D. C. 

J Yours very truly, 

Philip S. Smith, 

Acting Director. ' 

Berry Family. 

I read with a great deal of interest your article published in the XXIII 

Volume, page 97, of this magazine, concerning the family of Washingtons 
into which my great-great-grandfather, Thomas Berry, of "BeiTy 
Plains," King George County, Virginia, had married. His wife was 
Elizabeth, b. Dec. 1737. 

Thomas^ Berry, according to Bishop Mead, was for many years a 
Vestryman in St. Paul's and Hanover Parishes, King George County. 
In his will, probated in King George County, 1812, he names three sons, 
viz.: Washin;4ton, John and I^awrcnce, and a grandson, John Thornton 
Augustine Washington. This last named, I know to have been the son 
of Thomas Berry's only daughter and fourth child, Mildred^, who was the 
first wife of Thornton Augustine Washington. (They were married in 
Charles Comity, Md., 2Gth of December, 1779). He was the son of Col. 
Samuel Washington, and his second wife, Mildred Thornton. At Mil- 
dred Berry's death, Thornton Augustine Washington married in 17S6, 
Frances Townshend Washington, first cousin of his first wife. Frances 
Townshend, being the daughter of Lawrence Washington, of King George" 
County, to whom General Washington, referred in his will as "friend of 
my juvenile years." 

Near the end of the eighteenth century, Washington and John Berry 
removed to Kentucky. 

Washington- Berry ^Thomas') married Alice Taylor, daughter of 
Col. James Taylor, IV , of Caroline County, Va., and his wife, Anne Hub- 
bard, daughter of Benjamin Hubbard, and settled at Dayton, near New- 
port, Ky. They had 

1. Taylor^, married Frances Christy, daughter of Col. William Christy 

of St. Louis, Mo., issue: Martha ^ and Mary*. 

2. Hubbard"^, married Agnes King; issue, Martha* and Taylor*. 

3. Mildred^ Washington, married Thomas Buckner; issue, Hubbard*, 

Alice* , Sophia* and Thomas* . 


1 basi I 


4. Alice^, married Richard Taliaferro; issue, Alice"* and Anne^. 

5. Lucy-S married Alexander Sandford; issue, Alice*, Tope*, Belle<, 

Lucy*, Thomas' and Edmimd*. 

6. Sophia^, married Mr. Timberlake; issue, William*, Henry* and 


7. James^, married Elizabeth Wise; issue, 

1. Washington*, died unmarried. 

2. Judge* Albert S., married Anne Shaler, sister of Prof. Nathaniel 

Shaler, of Harvard College. Judge* Berry was an officer in the 
Confederate Navy. In later years was a member of Congress 
from Campbell and Kenton Counties, Kentucky; issue, 
Alices, Di._ Shaler^, M. D., Albert^ S., Jr., Anne Elizabeth^ and 
Robert^ Lawrence, Lieut. Com., U. S. N. 

3. Virginia*, married Col. Philip Brent Spence; issue. Berry and 


4. James* Thomas, married Mary Winston; issue, Mary, James 

Thomas, Jr., and Edmund. 

5. Jane*, married Taylor Williams; issue, Elizabeth^ and Sadie^. 

6. Mildred*, died j'oung. 

7. Elizabeth*, died young. 

8. Edmund*, T., died young. 

8. Edmund^ Taylor, born 9th of June, 1811, married 15th of May, 1833, 

Sarah Frances Taylor, born 5th of May, 1815, daughter of Major 
William Taylor and Susan Grayson Harrison Gibson, his wife; 

1. issue, Surgeon* William, U. S. A., 1861, no marriage. 

2. Alice* Elizabeth, married Stephen Fitzjames Trabue; issue, Ed- 

mund^ Francis, Stephen^ Fitzjames, Jr., Willett^ C, Robert^ 
Berry, Alice^ Elizabeth. 

3. John* Washington, married Jane Holmes. 

4. Edmonia, married Thomas Shannon. 

5. Thomas Gibson, never married. 

6. Rear Admiral Robert Mallory, married Mary Augusta Brady. 

7. Frances, never n:arried. 

8. Gibson G., never married. 

9. James, married Lillian Pearce. 

9. John^, married Rebecca Finch; issue, 

Sophia* and Lucy* . 

John2 \V.\shington Berry (Thomas^) married Anne Taylor, daughter 
of Lieut. Jonathan Taylor of The Revolution, and his wife Anne Berry, 
of C.?aroline County, Ga. Issue: 

Thomas^ Washington; Lawrence^ Washington; SamueP Taylor; Tay- 
lor-'; Edward^ Taylor; Frank'^ Taylor; Mildred^; Anne^ Taylor; Mary^ 
Washington; Jonathan^; Joim^ Washington; William^ Taylor; Washing- 
ton'^; George^. 

Mary Washington^ Berry (John^ Washington, Thomas^) married 
Peter Berry, issue: Dr. James* Thornley, M. 3, mirrijd .Viita 

iH b: 


Anderson Gray, issue: Anita^ Anderson, Fannie^ Brent. Anita 
Anderson married Roby. Spottswood Brooke. 


Gibson'' Taylor. 

Mary* Frances, married Jack Langhorne Brent, issue: Judge Georga* 
A., Mary^ Derry and Fannie*'' Langhorne. 

William-* Taylor (John^ Washington, Thomas*) mairied his first 
cousin, Mar;j:arct Anne Taylor, is.sue: 

(1) John^ lemoved to Texas and married; (2) Nanny*, married Mica- 
jah Fible; (3) Jonathan* Taylor, married Courtenay Smith; (4) Mary* 
Elizabeth, married John J. Harbison, issue: Rosa-"^; (5) Anderson*, died 
at Camp Douglas; (6) Thomas* Brent, never married. 

Lawrencii 2 Berry (Thomas* ) was a lawyer, also Clerk of King George 
County, Virginia, for thirty-four years, from 178S to 1822, when he died. 
He married Kotherine Hodge. In his will, probated in King George 
County, he names 

Elizabeth^, Katherine^, Mildred^ Washington, Maria^, Lawrence^, 
Henry^, John^, Thomas^, Charles^, Rev.^ Robert, Alexander^. 

He also mentions a son-in-law, Robt. I. Taylor, of Alexandria, Va., 
who married Elizabeth^ Berry. 

Their descendants are Henry Allen Taylor, Lawrence Berry Taylor, 
in Virginia and District of Columbia; Elizabeth Taylor, married Robert 
Scott, of Fauquier County, Virginia. 

Mr. Archibald^ Taylor, attorney at law, of Baltimore, Md., and Mr. 
Julian^ Taylor, attorney at law, Alexandria, Va., are from this family. 
Also, Mr. John* Berry, Clerk of the Court at Fredericksburg, Va., is a 
grandson ot' Lawrence Berry, Sr. 

The State of the Commonwealth, 1824-1835. 

It should be of interest to announce that a small fund is being raised 
for the purpose of reprinting a group of very valuable addresses made at 
Hampden-Sidney College between the years 1824 and 1835. These ad- 
dresses are six in nimiber, the authors being John Holt Rice, William 
Maxwell (.editor of the first magazine of the Virginia Historical Society), 
J. Burton Harrison, Jonathan P. Gushing, James Mercer Gamett, and 
Lucian Minor. These men, all of high intelligence, seem almost to have 
spoken by programme, directing their remarks towards a constructive 
criticism of Virginia as the state was in those critical years. The result 
is a body ot work, quite homogeneous, and of very great interest. 

'/ft J 


The material of these essays will run to about 130 pages; the cost of 
printing will be rather more than one dollar a page. Those interested 
will please communicate with the undersigned. 
A. J. Morrison, 


Prince Edward Co., Va. 


Referring to the will of Elizabeth Robinson on pp. 194-5, Vol. XXIV, 
No. 2, Mrs. Ljimgstedt begs to say that this will is to be found recorded 
in Vol. 8, fol. ?26, in the Clerk's Office at Eastville, Northampton Co., 
Va. The court may have been a Court for Accomack County, and the 
residence of Elizabeth in Accomack County, but the statement as to the 
location of the record is certainly misleading. 




The Go RSUCH AND Lovelace Families. 


(By J. H. P., Baltimore, Md.) 

Anna^ Gorsuch and the Todd Family of Virginia and Maryland. 


Children of Thomas-Todd and his wife Anna* (.John^, Daniel^, Will- 
iam^) Gorsuch: 

1. i. Thomas^ Todd. Born 1660. Died Jan. 16, 1724-5. Married 
Elizabeth Bernard. Had issue. (see post) 

ii. Robert^ Todd. Born prior to Aug. 17, 1664, when his father 
by deed of gift settled three dividends of land in Baltimore 
County on his sons Robert and John, with reversion to 
the survivor (see ante, 24; 428). Living Apr. 5, 1669 when 
he was brought into Maryland by his father. As this land 
was later in the possession of his brother Thomas^ Todd 
and there is no transfer on record, it seems likely that 
Robert died in childhood. Certainly his name does not 
reappear in the Maryland records, 
iii. John^ Todd. Bom prior to Aug. 17, 1664, when his father 
settled land upon him and his brother Robert (see ante, 
24; 428). Living Apr. 5, 1669 when he was brought into 
Maryland by his father. Like his brother Robert^ he does 
not reappear in the Maryland records. It is of course pos- 
sible that they may both have returned to Virginia after 
their father's death. This John^ Todd is to be carefully 
distinguished from John Todd, who died 1677, and was the 
son of Thomas Todd of Anne Arundel County, Md., and of a 
different Todd family (Md. Hist. Mag. 9, 300). 

2. iv. James^ Todd. Born about 1670. Died May 9, 1709. Mar- 

ried 1st Elizabeth ; 2nd/ Penelope Scudamore. Had 

issue. (see post) 

3. v. Anne^Todd. Bom about 1658-1661. Died between 1684-1694. 

Married Miles Gibson. Had issue. (see post) 

vi. Johanna^ Todd. Born prior to Apr. 5, 1669, when she was 

brought into Maryland by her father. Living Feb. 21, 

1675-6, when she is mentioned in her father's will. Not 

• ^J^MVlA 


traced further. She is not mentioned in the will of her step- 
father David Jones Feb. 3, 168G-7, as are her three sisters. 
vii. Frances^ Todd. Born prior to Apr. 5, 1669, when she was 
brought into Maryland by her father. Mentioned in her 
father's will 1675-6. Under the will of her step-father David 
Jones, dated Feb. 3, 1686-7, the tract Long Point, 250 acres, 
was left to her and her heirs, and a contingent interest with 
her sister Avenlla in his dwelling plantation [Cole's Har- 
bor]. Long Point, patented by David Jones under a survey 
dated June 16, 1682, lay on the west side of the main branch 
• ' [Herring Run] of Back River. Although no transfer of this 

' '. tract appears among the Baltimore County deeds prior to 
1728, when it was sold by John Cromwell [son of Richard] 
to Thomas Sheredine (Balto. Deeds IS: I; 239), the Balti- 
more County Rent Roll for 1700 and a somewhat later Rent 
Roll, about 1703 (Md. Hist. Soc. MSS.), give the tract as in 
the possession at these dates of Richard Cromwell. It 
would therefore seem that Frances Todd m.ay have become 
the wife of Richard Cromwell*, a wealthy planter and the 
founder of the Baltimore County family of Cromwell. It 
should be remembered however that prior to about the year 
1715 property was sometimes conveyed without record by 
seisin. If so, Richard Cromwell had more than one wife, 
as at the time of his death in 1717 he refers in his will to his 
wife Elizabeth and his mother-in-law Besson. His wife 
Elizabeth was the daughter of Thomas Besson, Jr., and 
his wife Margaret Saughier. There is no direct evidence 
however that Richard Cromwell had a former wife named 
Frances, nor has any mention of this Frances^ Todd been 
found in the Maryland records after 168G-7. 
viii. Averilla^ Todd, probably born after Apr. 5, 1669, as she is 
not given among her father's headrights. Mentioned in her 
father's will 1675-6. Under the will of her step-father 
David Jones Feb. 3, 1686-7 Abiell [Averilla] Todd was left 
Jones Fortin [Fortune 1 130 acres. This is doubtless the 
same tract as Jones Chance, 130 acres, on Old Road Creek, 
patented by David Jones under a survey dated June 12, 
1682. (Balto. Co. Rent Roll, Md. Hist. Soc. MSS.) No 
later reference to Averilla Todd has been foimd. Although 
it cannot be certainly identified from the Rent Roll, 30 
acres of this tract in 1700 appears to have been in the 
possession of James Todd and 100 acres in the possession 
of Robert Johnson, to whom James Todd had sold it. It 
looks as if Averilla may have died unmarried and that her 
brother James had inherited from her. 

GENEALOGY. ^^^^^^^.^^ maGA^INC, ^ 

!. Thonas Todd^ (Anna^ John-^ DanieP. WilUam» Gorsuch). son of 
Thomas and Anna^ (Gorsuch) Todd, is shown from his tombstone in- 
scripl.on at foddsbury, Gloucester Cotmty. Virginia, to have been born 
in IGOO and to have died Jan. 16, 1724-5 (Wm. & Mary Col Quart. III. 
15-16) He v/as certainly the eldest son and was named by his father as 
executor. Although retaining possession of the estate in Maryland at 
North Point on the Patapsco, which he inherited as heir at law of his 
father, and where his son Thomas^ settled and lived, there ^s no reason 
to believe that Thomas^ Todd himself actually lived in Maryland after 
his father's death. His home was at Toddsbury on the No^th River 
Mobjack Bay, Gloucester County, the Virginia estate which he inherited 
from his father. An interesting sketch of Toddsbury may be found m 
Lancaster's Historic Virginia Homes and Churches. The photograph 
,„.^^p...,^n^_it_w^v^_r enroduced in the last number of this M agazme. 
"^^I^VViliiam Bernard was a v^ry prominent man m the early ni:.tory 
of vSgin a He was born about 1598 and came t^ Virginia m the ship 
Amer^fa m'i625. He was a son of Francis Bernard Esq. ot Kingsthorpe 
nCm ampionsh re, and a brother of Sir Robert Bernard, Bart., of Bramp- 
ton Smgdonshire. He settled in Isle of Wight County. I^e was a 
member of The Council of Virginia almost uninterruptedly between 1642 
meniuci J Upi-mrrl was "reatlv interested m introducing silk cul- 

i:fe into' the JolonT HeVecelved a grant of 1200 acres of land Aug 10. 
1642 ii L e of Wight "due for his own adventure into the Cojony four 
times and for the transportation of 20 persons. ' He is usually refeirc-d 
toT the records as Col. William Bernard. He married about lbo2 or 
1653 as her second husband, Lucy, the daughter of Capt. Robert Higgm- 
son and th?e widow of Major Lewis Burwell of Carter's Creek, Gloucester 
There aie^e^'eral York Countv deeds proving this marriage, cne earnest 
Line S-eh-ori William Beniard, Esq. and Lucy his wife, to George 
Reade of a trSt which had been purchased by Capt. Robert -^mggison 
Ian 9 ^618 (Encyclooaedia of Virginia Biograpli>'; ed. Lyon Gardiner 
Tvler- 1915 I; 117-8). ' The will of Col. William Bernard s brother. Sir 
RobJrt^^rnard Bart., of Brampton Hall, Ilui.tington dated Dec. o 
1665 Jed May 15, 1666. recites that his brother William Bernard 
ifVir"mia died Dec^ 31 1665 and shows that the latter's son was then 
V ithSi^ Robert in England. (Va. Mag. 6; 408-9;. A chart of tne Lng- 
ish desc^ t of he Bernard family is also published. It is learned from 
he MSS pedigrees compiled in 1816 by T. R. Rootes of Gloucester Coun y 
from ''an ancient paper," which have been invariably found to be accu- 
rat? Xe ? Wtible of verification from independent sources that 
••Col William Bernard, son of the Knight ot Huntmgton had 
[ii^ addition to Elizabeth Todd] another daughter Lucy by h^s 
wife tiie dau-hter of Col. Hickerson [Higginson] and widow 
of Lems Burwell Esq., and that this daughter Lucy married 
Edv.ard Gwin [Edmund Gwynne). It is further stated that Lucy the 
,la'i"htfT of Edward Gwin and Lucy Bernard, married Thomas, son o. 
SorpeReade, the pedigree of this Thomas Reade of Gloucester being 
iShIr elaborated. Corroboration of these statements m the Rootes 
MSS may be found in the Magazme which shows that Edmund Gwyrme 
had a daughter Lucy who man-ied 'Ihomas Reade (Va. Mag. :i'-^^J- 
Edwid Cref^Idd of London married Lucy, the widow ot Edward 
GwTn The will of Edwd. Creffield, of London, merchant, dated 
Nov 24, 1694 and proved Dec. 9, 1694, makes a bequest of a diamond rmg 
io ' 'my daughter in lawe, now or late wife of Mr. Thomas Reed of Glou- 


Mr. Lancaster believes that the old house which is still standing was 
built by Thomas Todd, the elder. The place descended from Thomas^, 
the younger, to his youngest son Christopher**, who dying in 1743, was 
succeeded by Thomas'' , who appears to have been the only son. He died 
in 1794 without issue, Toddsbury passing to Philip^ Tabb, his nephew, 
son of his sister Lucy", who had married Edward Tabb of Gloucester. 
r>wing to the destruction of the Gloucester County records comparatively 
little is known in regard to this Thomas^ Todd. His tombstone inscrip- 
tion refers to him as Capt. Thomas Todd. . This was doubtless a 
military title. He was a Justice of the Peace of Gloucester from 1698 to 
1702 (Va. Mag. 1; 235 and Wilson M. Gary MSS.) 

It has been learned comparatively recently that he married Elizabeth 
Bernard, daughter of Col. William Bernard* and his wife Lucy Higginson. 
cester in Virginia which my late wife, mother of the said Lucye, used to 
wear" (Va. Mag. 19; 2S0-290). Robert Higginson is described prior to 
his removal to Virginia in 1643 in an old chancery suit, as a citizen and 
painler-stainer. He was a son of Thomas and Anne Higginson of Berkes- 
well, Warwick, England. He married about 1625 Joanna Torkesy. 
Captain Robert Higginson commanded at Middle Plantation, Virginia 
in 1645. Tiie tombstone of his daughter Lucy, died Nov. 6, 1675, and 
wlio is buried at Fairfield, the old Burwell homestead on Carter '.s Creek, 
Gloucester, stated that "she was ye only daughter of the valliant Capt. 
Robert Higginson. One of the first command'rs that subdued the county 
of Virginia from the power of the heathen," and that "she was descended 
from the Ancient family of the Higginsons" (Va. Mag. 4; 207). The 
English ancestry of the Kiggin.sons is elaborated in Eben Putnam's 
"Higginsons of New England and Virginia." Lucy Higginson, as has 
l^een stated, married three times viz., (1) Lewis Burwell, (2) William 
Bernard and (3) Philip Ludwell. Lewis Burwell, her first husband, was 
ba])tized March 5, 1621 and died prior to Nov. 24, 1653, as it is learned from 
a York County deed (Wm. & Mary Col. Quart. XXIV; 40) that she was 
then the wife of William Bernard. The date of his death was probably 
No\'. 19, 1672, certainly not 1G76 as usually given. Major Lewis Burwell, 
sergeant-major of militia, came to Virginia about 1640 and was tlie founder 
of the Virginia famiij' of Burwell. The date of his marriage' is not known. 
Lewis Burwell left issue by his wife Lucy. By her second husband. Col. 
William Bernard, she had two daughters, Elizabeth who married Thomas 
Todd^ and Lucy who married Edward Gwin [Edmund Gwynne], and was probably the mother of tlie unnamed son of William Bernard re- 
f(Tred to in the will of Sir Robert Bernard. The date of the denth of 
William Bernard as given alcove was Dec. 31, 1665. The York County 
records show that his widow was the wife of Philip Ludwell Nov. 25, 
1667. Col. Ludwell was a very prominent man in the affairs of Virginia. 
He was a member of the Virgiina Council and was at one time governor 
of Carolina. By him she became the mother of Philip Ludwell, Jr., 
hi)Tn at Carter's Creek, Gloucester County, Feb. 4, 1672, and of a 
daughter Jane, who married Col. Daniel Parke, an aide of Marlborough. 
Lucy Higginson's tombstone as well as a fragment of that of her father 
was at "Fairfield," Gloucester, but have now been removed to Abing- 
don Church. She died Nov. 26,1675 (Meade's Old Churches & Families 
of Va. 1900; 1; 353). Ludv/ell married secondly Lady Frances Berkeley, 
iliortly after the death of her husband, Governor Berkelev, which, oc- 
curred in 1677. (Wm. & Marv Col. Ouart. XIX; 190-214;' 2'.i2-3; New 
Eng. Hist..& Gen. Reg. XXXIIT); 


Proof of this statement is to be found in an old family record made by 
Col. William Spotswood Fontaine June 7, 1833 at the dictation of Col. 
Jolm Spotswood Stryken, fourth in direct descent from Thomas^ and 
Elizabeth (Bernard) Todd. An account of the recent discovery of this 
family ni'morandum, valuable not only because the peculiar circum- 
stances under which it was written make the accuracy of its statements 
inherently probable, but because all of the other statements contained 
in it have been checked up independently and found to be true. This 
record app-ared in the William and Mary Quarterly (19; 177-184) and is 
especially valuable since it is the only direct evidence of the identity of 
the wife of Thomas^ Todd, it will hereafter be referred to as the Fon- 
taine MSS. This record refers to "Thomas Todd of Toddsbury and his 
wife Elizabeth Bernard," and their children, and states that "Mrs. Todd 
was the daughter of Col. William Bernard and his wife Lucy, widow Bur- 
well, a daughter of a Mr. Hickerson [Higgmsom. Thomas Todd and his 
wife, Elizabeth Bernard, had a large family, namely, Thomas who went 
to Maryland; Richard, Philip, and Christopher were the sons; the daugh- 
ters were Anne, vjho married a Cooke; Lucy, who married first a man 
named O'Brien; secondly, John Baylor, and became the mother of Col. 
John Baylor of Caroline; Elizabeth who first married a Scotchman named 
Seaton, and secondly my great grandfather Colonel Augustine Moore. 
Another daughter, whose name 1 do not remember just now, married a 
man named North." The writer then proceeds to carry down the Moore 
line. 1 1 IS interesting to note that Bernard as a christian name has been 
carried down in the lines of at least three of the children of Thomas^ and 
Elizabeth (Bernard) Todd. It has been seen that the Fontaine MSS 
nanus as the children of Thomas-'' and Elizabeth Todd, viz.: sons, Thom- 
as^, Richard*^, Philip^, and Christopher^, and daughters, Anne^, Lucy*^ 
and Elizabeth^ and a fourth vmnamed daughter, I^Irs. North<^. It may 
be here stated that the will of his eldest son Thomas^ of Maryland, 
1714-5, (see post) mentions no sisters, but refers to his brothers William^, 
PhilipO, and Christopher^. It is to be noted that William** is not 
mentioned in the Fontaine MSS, while Richard^ is not mentioned in the 
will of his brother Thomas". The Toddsbury graveyard, in addition to 
the stone of Thomas Todd^ already referred to, contains the following 
tombstone inscriptions*, all of which certainly refer to the descendants 
of Thomas Todd«, viz.. Captain Christopher Todd— Bom April 2, 1690— 
Died March 26, 1743; Frances Todd— Born April 12, 1692— Died Novem- 
ber 5, 1693; Lucy Tabb— Daughter of Christopher & Elizabeth Todd— 
Bom November 20, 1721— Died February 18, 1791. See William atid 
Mary College Quarterly, III; p. 14 e/ seq, for copies of these inscriptions 
in full. Elizabeth (Bernard) Todd, the wife of Thomas" Todd was born 
between 1653 and 1665. The date of her death is unknown. 

Unfortunately, there is no copy in existence, as far as is known, of the 
will of Thomas^ Todd, dated March 4, 1722-3, and recorded in Gloucester. 
In IIeniiin<is Statutes arc to be found several acts of the Assembly break- 


iiig the entail of lands in Gloucester, King and Queen, and Orange coun- 
ties, left by him to his sons or their heirs, tiie acts referring by name to 
his sons, Richard, William and Philip and Christopher, and also M.ention- 
ing a will of the above date. From the above sources it is shown that 
Thomas^ Todd had five sons, Thomas^', Richard^, William.'^, Philip^ 
and Christopher"; from the Fontaine MSS and the Robert North Bible 
(see Frances^ Todd" post), we learn the names of four daughters, Anne*^, 
Lucy'', Elizabeth*^ and Frances"; from the v.ill of his son-in-lavv' Jonathan 
Hide (see post) it is learned that there was a fifth daughter, unnamed, 
who became Hide's wife, while the Toddsbury tombstone inscriptions 
indicate that there was anoth-^r Frances, a sixth daughter, who died in 

Thomas Todd^ would appear from these Acts to have possessed in addi- 
tion to Toddsbury, other large landed estates in Virginia. As his father 
Thomas Todd had difd intestate as regards his lands in liOth Virginia 
and Maryland, Thomas^ as the eldest son inherited them as the heir at 
lav.' and added further to his father's holdings. As regards the Maryland 
lamls, Thomas^ Todd the younger, although a non-resident, maintained 
his title in them and turned the North Point plantations over to his eldest 
son Thomas" about fifteen years before his own death, the son becoming 
a resident of Maryland. Rather curiously, the Virginia estate Toddsbury, 
passed to Thomas's^ youngest son Christopher^. Had the yoimger 
Thomas" Todd not been sent to occupy the Patapsco plantation it seems 
probable that the laws of Maryland against the indefinite holding of land 
by non-resident heirs would have operated unfa', orably as far as Thomas^ 
Tddd and his descendants resident in Virginia were concerned. In fact 
James^ Todd, a younger brother of Thomas^, who remained with his 
mother in Maryland after his father's death, actually requested the Land 
Ofrice to resurve}-^ certain minor tracts which formerly belonged to his 
father, for him as his heir. Probably to strengthen his title, as well as 
to establish his survey lines, Thomas^ Todd describing himself as of 
Gloucester Cotmty, Virginia, March 21, 1697, petitioned the land Office 
for a special survey to bring into one tract of 1082 acres four adjoining 
tracts owned by him in Baltimore County, viz.: Denton 190 acres; North 
Point 330 acres; and two separate parts of a larger tract, Old Road, of 
287 acres and 275 acres respectively. This survey was executed July 11, 
1700 (Annap. Warrants 6; 142), but a new patent does not appear to 
have been issued. Thomas^ Todd had pre\'iously disposed of a few 
of his scattered Baltimore Coimty land holdings inherited from his 
faihi r. Describing himself as of Ware Parish, Gloster, gent., Oct. 9, 
1695, he executes a confirmatory deed to Stephen Johnson to 250 acres 
which he had previously given to his brother James Todd and which the 
latter had sold to Johnson in 1G94, the land being part of a larger tract, 
Todd's Range, 400 acres [in Potapsco Neck] on Back River (Balto. 
Deeds IS: IK, 501). Thomas^ Todd and Ihi- uncle] Charles-* Gorsueh 
Dec. 12, 1683, recorded a deed ot divMsion bv which Todd received an ab- 

*'*- GENEALOGY. 91 

solute title in 275 acres, one-fourth of a tract of 1100 acres [Old Road] 
which Todd's father Thomas Todd, deed., and Charles Gorsuch held 
jointly .Balto. Deeds RM, HS, 275). William Buckner of Gloucester 
County, Virginia, Sept. 3, 1722, was appointed under power of attor- 
ney by Thomas^ Todd to dispose of Todd's personal property in Mary- 
land, after the death of his son Thomas^. (Balto. Deeds IS: T, 51). 

Children of Thomas^ (Anna"*, John^, Daniel'^, William^ Gorsuch) and 
Elizabeth (Bernard) Todd. (Order somewhat uncertain.) 

(Sons) : 

4. i Thomas^ Todd bom about 1681. Died 1715. Married about 

1705 Elizabeth . Had issue. (see post) 

5. li. Richard^ Todd born 1681-1688. Apparently died prior to 

1723. Married. Had issue. (sec post) 

6. lii. WilliamO Todd born 1681-1688. Died 1738-45. Married 

about 1709 Martha Vicaris. Had issue. (see post) 

7. iv. Philips Todd bom about 1081-1688. Died before 1761. Mar- 

ried? (sec post) 

8. V. Christopher^ Todd bom Apr. 2, 1690. Died Mar. 26, 1743. 

Married 1718-1721 Elizabeth Mason. Had issue, (see post) 

9. vi. Anne« Todd bora Nov. 9, 1682. Died July 18, 1720. Mar- 

ried about 1700 Mordecai Cooke. Had issue. (see post) 

10. vii. Lucy6 Todd bora about 1681-1683. Died ? Married 1st 

before 1698 O'Brien; 2nd 1698 John Baylor. Had issue. 

11. viii. Elizabeth^ Todd bom about . Died ? -Marfied 1st 

George Seaton; 2nd Augustine Moore. Had issue by both 
husbands. (see post) 

ix. Frances" Todd bom Apr. 12, 1692. Died Nov. 5, 1703 
(Toddsbury tombstone inscription, see ante). 

12. X. '^ Todd. Date of birth unknown. Died prior to Dec. 15, 

1718. Married Jonathan Hide. Had issue. (sec post) 

13. xi. Frances Todd born 1709. Died July 25, 1745. Married July 

2, 1729, Robert North. Had issue. (see post) 

2. James^ Todd (Anna-*, John^, DanieP, William^ Gorsuch), one of 
the younger children of Thomas and Anna* Todd, was probably born after 
his parents moved into Maryland. He remained in Baltimore County. 
He is interesting to students of early history of Baltimore because 
of his ownership of Todd's Range'* [Cole's Harbor] upon which the city 
was afterwards laid out. He married twice. He married, prior to June 
3, 1696, Elizabeth, who joins him that year in a deed to Henry King of 
The Plains, 187 acres, on Back River. (Balto. Deeds IS: IK; 8). His 
wife's family name is not known. There is absolutely no evidence to 

*Todd's Range or Cole's Harbor on the Patapsco must be carefully dis- 
tinguished from Todd's Range on Back River, also owned at one time by 
James^ Todd. 




support the supposition of Griffith (Arinals of Baltimore, 1833; p. (5), 
that JarntiS Todd may have married the daughter of Alexander ivion- 
tenay, and thus inherited the latters land, Montenay's Neck. H' ac- 
quired this tract by purchase (see post). He married secondly betv/een 
Aug. 31 and Oct. 2G, 1698, Penelope, daughter of Thomas wScudamoref of 
Baltimore County and his wife Abigail daughter of John and Jane Dixon. 
The separate administration accounts upon the estate of Jane Dixon made 
on the two above mentioned dates make mention of a legacy paid in part 
to Penelope Skidmore, Aug. 31, and apjjarently the remainder to James 
Todd Oct. 26 (Balto. Adm. Accts.). Again June 12, 1699, James Todd is 
joined by his wife Penelope in a deed to John Harryman, she making her 
mark (Balto. Deeds TR: RA; 397). 

Proof of this marriage of James Todd is to be found in the assignment 
Oct. 10, 1704, from James and Penelope Todd to John Hays of a tract, 
Scudamore's Last, 130 acres laid out for Thomas Scudamore Aug. 13, 
1687 "by whose death the tract became the property of James Todd and 
his wife, the heiress at law of said Scudamore" (Annap. Patents C. D. 
161-2). In an ejectment suit brought about 1745, it is also stated that 
Thomas .Scudamore had by his wife Abigail, an only child Penelope who 
married James Todd, deceased, and that Penelope had died "without 
issue under 21 years of age" (Annap. Judgments E. J. no. 10; 743-50). 
Whether this means that at the time of her death, the date of which is 
unknown, Penelope Todd was survived by issue over 21 years of age is 
somewhat uncertain, but it would seem to the writer after reading this 
suit that Penelope left no issue. Penelope Todd v.'as living as late as Oct. 
10, 170!, when she joins her husband in the above assignment of Scuda- 

fThomas Scudamore of Back River, Baltimore Coimty, practised as 
attorney before the Baltimore County Court (Balto. Co. Court Proc. 
1682-0), and was probably at one time one of the County Justices. John 
Dixon afjpear,-, a.s (jne of the justices of the Baltnnore County Court as 
early as 1665. ITe also lived in Back River, Baltimore County. John 
Dixon's wife Jane, prior to her marriage to him was the widow Waites. 
After the death of John Dixon, which occurred about 1670 she married as 
her third husband iVIajor Thomas Long, lligh Sheriff of Baltimore County. 
She had issue by all three of her husbands. Abigail Dixon the daughter 
of John and Jane Dixon after the death of her first husband Thomas Scuda- 
more, about 1687-8, married as her second husband, John Hays [Hayes] of 
Back River. By her first husband, Thomas Scudamore, she had but one 
cjiild, Penelope Scudamore, who became the wife of James Todd. By her 
! oconJ husband, John Hays, .she became the mother of Jane Flays who mar- 
ried Th'iinas Stanslmry. The writer is indebted to Kir. \Vm. B. Marye 
for this N-ery interesting pedigree of these early Baltimore Coimty fami- 
lies t(j which very few clues may be found among the testamentary 
records and deeds, ordinarily consulted by the searcher. Mr. Marye 
has largely developed this pedigr(-e in co.mection with his laborious re- 
5-earchi.;s i,-; regard to the early Baltimore County tracts among the very 
imperfectly indexed Annapolis Land Warrants and Ejectments, and I am 
greatly indebted to him for allowing me to make use of his data. Lack 
of spacij makes it impossible to give here all the references upon which 
this pedigree is based. 

GENEALOGY, il'^. A' ' ' ; ^i:'l •" 93 

more's Last. As far as is certainly known James Todd had only one 
child, a daughter Ann, apparently by his first wife Elizabeth. Capt. John 
Fi-'rry of Back River, Baltimore County in his will dated March 1, aqd 
proved March 11, 1698-9 leaves certain personal property to Ann the 
daughter of James Todd, and also makes a bequest to Thomas Todd of 
Virginia of £30 and his personal property on Denton, alias North Point 
Plantation, on condition that Todd free a servant named John Shaw. 
(Annap. Wills; 6; 227). This may indicate that Capt. John Ferry man- 
aged the North Point plantations for Thomas^ Todd of Gloucester. 
Capt. John Ferry was one of the Commissioners of Baltimore County 
(Balto. Co. Court Proc. 1693-6; 85), and had married Aim the widow and 
executrix ot John Boreing one of the Justices of Baltimore County. 
Whether there was any connection between these families and the Todds 
has not been determined. 

James Todd and Richard Thompson appear bracketed together as tax- 
ables of Back River Hundred in 1692 (Balto. Co. Ct. Proc. G no. 1; 274). 
Between 1699 and 1703 James Todd appears as a taxable on the North 
Side Patapsco Hxondred, while between 170-1 and 1706 he appears as a tax- 
able on North Side Gunpowder Hundred (Md. Hist. Soc. MSS.). It is 
rather interesting to note that down to 1704 numerous other taxables, 
probably servants, appear on his list, while after that date we find him 
moving to the Gunfjowder and bracketed with but one other taxable, 
John Boon. This fact taken in connection with his frequent sales of land 
at this time and the administration of his estate later by his creditors 
indicate that he was in financial difficulties. In 1095 James Todd was a 
constable for the North Side Patapsco Hundred (Balto. Co. Ct. Proc. G 
no. 1; 524). He signed, as one of the civil officers of the county, Nov. 1696, 
an address congratulating William III upon his escape from assassination 
(Archiv. Md. 20; 544). James Todd's death is recorded in the St. 
George's register, "James Todd was drowned May 9, 1709." His estate 
was administered upon May 17, 1709 by Anthony Ball [Bale], a creditor 
(Test. Proc. 21; 192). The inventory and account showed an estate 
valued at only £27: 9: 9 (Annap. Inv. & Acct. 31; 2, 31, 65). 

The Baltimore County land transactions in which James^ Todd figured 
apparently represent land acquired through his wife Penelope Scudamore, 
land presented him by his brother, Thomas^ Todd of Virginia, stray 
tracts which he claimed as the resident heir of his father, land left him 
under the will of his stepfather David Jones, and land which he apparent- 
ly acquired through his mother from her .second husband David Jones. 
Reference has already been made to a confirmatory d:?ed by his brother 
Thomas^ Todd of Johnson's Dock, a part of Todd's Range, on Back River, 
previously presented to James by Thomas, and sold in 1694 to Stephen 
Johnson (Balto. Deeds RM: HS; 299). Other portions of this Todd's 
Range wers sold by James Todd Aug. 6, 1098 to John Wells, and June 12, 
1699 to Johii Harryman (idem TR; RA 288, 397). This tract Todd's 
Range, 400 acres, on Back River originally surveyed for his father Capt. 




Tliomas Todd must be carefully distinguished from the tract Cole's 
Harbor, 550 acres, formerly owned by Thomas Cole, lying on the 
northwest branch of the Patapsco, upon which the town of Baltimore was 
afterwards laid out and for which a warrant of resurvey dated Feb. 7, 
16984) and a patent June 1, 1700 for 510 acres under the name Todd's 
Range, was issued to James Todd. The previous history of this latter 
tract has been fully discussed in connection with David Jones, the second 
husband of Anna* Gorsuch (see ante; 24; 433-434). How this tract Cole's 
Harbor or Todd's Range actually came into the possession of James Todd 
will probably never be known. In 17S8 the Maryland Court of Appeals 
tackled the problem in the well-known case of Helms versus Howard 
(Md. Reports, ed. Harris & McHenry; 2; 33 G3), which involved the title 
of property in the heart of Baltimore, and while deciding that James Todd 
had a good title to the land by virtue of his resurvey of 1698-9 and patent 
of 1700, refused to decide how he acquired his original interest. It will be 
recalled that under the will of David Jones, 1686-7, his dwelling planta- 
tion, which apparently included not only Cole's Harbor 550 acres, but 
Monteney's Neck, 200 acres adjoining on the east, was left to his wife 
Anna'* for her life with the proviso that it should go to his sister 
Eli.:abeth if she outlived his wife, and in case of the death of his sister 
Elizabeth before that of his wife, it was to pass to Frances and Abiell 
[Averilla] Todd, who were daughters of his wife by her first husband. 
This much is certain; James Todd was in actual possession of Cole's 
Harbor in Feb. 7, 1698-9, when a warrant of resurvey of the tract was 
issa?d to him by the Land Ofiice. As has been shown before, his 
mother had probably died a year or two before this time. It seems 
possible that James Todd may have originally acquired the site of 
Baltimore in one of four ways. He may have married Elizabeth, 
the sister of David Jones, his first wife's nam.e being known to 
have been Elizabeth, and to have acquired the property through 
her. This seems improbable. Or he may have inherited it from his 
sisters, Frances and Averilla Todd, although this also seems improbable. 
He may have acquired legal title to it during his mother's lifetime by 
some sort of an unrecorded conveyance from his mother, as by seisin. 
There is still another explanation however, which seems the most prob- 
able. In the suit. Helms vs. Howard, just referred to, the plaintiff 
offered to prove by a witness "that it was the general reputation that 
James Todd entered into possession of Cole's Harbor under authority 
of his mother under some contract and not under any other title," but 
no such testimony was actually offered or at least was not admitted. 
The suit hinged upon a variation in one of the bounds as shown by the 
original survey, 1667, of Cole's Harbor for 550 acres and the bounds of the 
resurvey, 1G9S 9, establishing the lines of Todd's Range, as containing 
510 acres, the suit involving land included in the former survey of Cole's 
Harbor, but not included in the bounds of Todd's Range. The Court 
rulid that no evidence had been produced to prove that James Todd de- 

'•♦' . : ■ GENEALOGY. _ „.... 95 

rived his title to the tract called Cole's Harbor either by descent or 
by purchase from Thomas Cole himself or anyone deriving a title from 
Cole [as ol course Charles Gorsuch and I^avid Jones had done], and re- 
fused to go back of the title to the land and the bounds established by the 
resurvey, March 18, 1698-9 and the patent of June 1, 1700, by which the 
property under the name Todd's Range became vested in Jarnes Todd and 
his title thereto established. It was probably almost as difficult for the 
court in 1 7NS, nearly a hundred years after the land had come into James** 
Todd's possession, to determine the exact facts in the case in the ab- 
sence of actual recorded data, as it is for us to do so today. The court 
prudently .udestepped the cjuestion and refused to "go back of the re- 
turns, "and limited the ownership of Todd and his successors to Todd's 
Range'as determined by the resurvey of 1G9S-9 and the patent of 1700. 
This matter has been gone into in detail because for some curious reason 
the existence of a will of David Jones has been entirely overlooked by 
' those who have discussed the question, not even being referred to in the 
suit. This may be due to the fact that the will, although probated in 
Annapolis, was not copied into the local Will Books kept for convenience 
in the Baltimore County Court House, and its existence possibly thus 
overlooked. Moreover the deed from Richard Blunt, of Talbot County, 
Oct. 4, 1695, who describes himself as a son and heir of Robert Blunt, 
late of Kent County, conveying to James Todd, Montines Land [Mon- 
teney's Neck], 200 acres, adjoining Cole's Harbor, also requires some 
explanation, as l^avid Jones apparently also died possessed of this same 
tract, v.]iich he had purchased from Samuel Wheeler and wife in 1685 
(Balto. Deeds T. R.: R. A., 339). It should also be noted that by a 
later survey the acreage of Monteney's Neck was reduced from 200 to 
164 acres (Balto. Co. Rent Roll, Md. Hist. Soc. MSS). In the light of 
these facts it would seem that Anna'', the widow of David Jones, may 
have ouclived her sister-in-law Elizabeth Jones as well as her own 
daughters Frances^ andAverilla^ Todd, who had contingent interests in 
the dwelling plantation Cole's Harbor should they outlive Anna-* (see 
David Jones's will ante 24; 436). Upon the death of Anna*, probably 
about the year 1695, her son James^ Todd, her only male heir in the 
Province, probably without opposition from his eldest brother Thomas^ 
of Virginia, and with the consent of Anna's-* third husband Capt. John 
Oldton, who was himself an extensive landholder and without children, 
and also probably fortified by the "authority of his mother under some 
contract," took possession of Cole's Harbor and Monteney's Neck. To 
establish his titles to both tracts, James^ Todd then secured a confirma- 
tory deed to Monteney's Neck Oct. 4, 1695 apparently from the successor 
of the former owner who bad sold to David Jones, and also had Cole's 
Harbor resurveyed for himself Feb. 7, 1698-9, and a patent to it under 
the name Todd's Range issued to him by the Land Office, June 1, 1700. 
(Annap. Warrants; 6, 175; Patents D. D. no. 5; 2). James Todd did not 
remain very long in possession of these two tracts. By a deed recorded 


the High Sheriff of Baltimore County, and referred to as one of the "sut>- 
stantial Protestant gentlemen" of the Province. It was not an uncom- 
mon practice for parents of position in sending a son to the colonies to 
seek his fortune, to "bind him over" to a relation or friend in order to in- 
sure his better protection. Miles Gibson married three times, and on 
each occasion into a prominent family. His first wife v/as Anne, the 
daughter of Thurston* of Baltimore County. This is learned 
from a deed May 19, 1676 from Thomas Thurston to Miles Gibson, "in 
consideration of a marriage solemnized between Ann my daughter and 
Miles Gibson of Baltimore County," he deeds to Gibson two tracts. 
Cole's Banks and Moorfields in Talbot Coimty, both containing 600 acres 
(Balto. Deeds TR: RA; 262-3). Thomas Thurston May 2, 1676 assigned 
to Miles Gibson his rights for twenty servants transported "twelve years 
since," and on this date also assigns to Gibson his rights for transporting 
himself, Bridget his v/ife and his daughters Anne and Elizabeth (Annap. 
Patents: 19; 25S). As has already been shown, Miles Gibson m.arried 
secondly, a verj'- short time before May 30, 1677, Anne^ Todd. He mar- 
ried thirdly Elizabeth the widow of Henry Hazelwood. 

Miles Gibson lived at one time on Back River, as is learned from a 
power of attorney given him Apr. 9, 1679 by Nicholas Gassoway (Balto. 
Deeds IR : P. P.; 34). He also owned on Romney or Rumley Creek, emp- 
tying into the Bay betv/een the Susquehanna and Bush River, the tracts 
Persimmon Point, Port Royal, Delph Island, and Gibson's Marsh, where 
he later appears to have lived. He also owned Gibson's Park lying on 
the east side of Winter's Run. Miles (3ibson was appointed Justice of 
Baltimore County June 4, 1679, and again Dec. 13, 16S0 (Archiv. Md. 15; 
2-53; 320). He represented Baltimore County in the Lower House of the 
Assembly, 16S2-3, resigning to become High Sheriff of the count}', which 
position he held until 1687. ^ATchiv. Md., 7; 349: idem. 17, 142), when he 
again became Justice in 1686-7. (idem; 5: 470, 525, 541). Nov. 28, 1689 
Gibson signed a petition to the King, and Sept. 17, 1690 is referred to as 
one of the "most substantial Protestant Inhabitants" of the Province 

*Thomas Thurston was a prominent Quaker {Arc'niv. Md. S; 63). He 
represented Baltimore County in the General Assembly in [16S6 and 1688] 
(Archiv. Md. 13; 163). There is a deed, Oct. 27, 1676, from Thomas 
Thurston, to Elizabeth, the daughter of George Skipwith of West River 
[Maryland], conveying to her all of his personal prooerty wherever lo- 
cated. (Balto. Deeds, TR: RA; 203). The will of'l'homas Thurston 
of Baltimore County, dated Dec. 21, 1692, and proved Apr. 13, 1693, men- 
tions his son Thomas, his daughter Elizabeth, wife of Charles Rumsey, 
and his daughter Sarah. He also leaver 1 shilling to his daughter Eliza- 
beth the wife of George Skipwith. He makes bequests to his wife Mary 
and states that should his three children by his last wife die without issue 
his entire estate is to go to his brother Samuel Thurston of Themberry 
in Gloucestershire (Annap. Wills 6; 21). This will indicates that hjs 
daughter Anne, wife of Miles Gibson, and the elder of his two daughters 
bearing the name Elizabeth, who married George Skipwith, were children 
of a former wife. 


and as one of the "gentlemen vsupposed to be of my Lord's [i. e. Balti- 
more's] partie" (Archiv. Md.; 8; 130, 213, 285). Under the will of Francis 
Lovelace of Baltimore County, a cousin of Anne^ (Todd) Gibson, dated 
Mar. 3, 1683-4 and proved May 19, 1084 his "cozen Miles Gibson" was 
appointed executor and bequests made to Robert, Sarah and Anna, the 
children of Miles Gibson, with reversions to their father and mother, 
th^- residue of the estate to pass directly to Miles Gibson. It seems al- 
most certain that these all were the children of Miles Gibson by his 
second wife Anne^ Todd, and not by his first wife Anne Thurston, as they 
are not mentioned in the will of Thomas Thurston, father of the first wife, 
while they all received legacies under the will of Frances Lovelace, a 
"cosen" of the second wife Anne^ Todd, and Robert was also a legatee 
under the will of Capt. David Jones, the^ stepfather of Anne^ Todd (see 
ante 24; 436). The date of Anne'^ Todd^s death is not Imown. Miles 
Gibson married thirdly Elizabeth the widow qf Henry Hazelwood. 
"I\Iar. 8, 1694 came Elizabeth Gi'^a ffj-it^y -Hazeh\«^od" executrix of 
John Collett. Henry Hazelwood had been appointed executor under Coi- 
ktts will, 1673. Elizabeth Gibson also appears as executrix of Francis 
Lovelace, succeeding her husband (Balto. Co. Court Proc. 1693-6; 165). 
That Elizabeth Gibson had issue by Henry Hazelwood is learned from 
a d'.'ed of giit to her son John Hazelwood (Balto. County Court Proc. 
lo93-6; 550). Miles Gibson died shortly before May 2G, 1692, when his 
widow Elizabeth filed his inventory showinj^ personal property valued 
at £516: 2: 1, and debts due him valued at 28,458 pounds of tobacco (Balto. 
Invent. 1; 26). Whether or not the widow married again is not known. 
The list of Baltimore County Taxables, Spesutia Hundred, for 1695, shows 
"at Mrs. Gibson's" 10 taxables, viz.: Daniel Palmer, William Palmer, 

William Hazelwood, Robert Gibson, Miles , John Hazelwood and 5 

slaves. This shows that William and John Hazelwood, who were un- 
questionably her sons, at this time were 16 years of age or over. The 
Register of St. George's records the burial of William Hazelwood at 
Rumley [Romney] Creek June 15, 1693; of John Hazelwood of the head of 
Musketa [Mosquito] Creek at the mouth of Rumley Creek Apr. 2, 1699; 
and of Henry Haslewood of the head of Musketa Creek buried upon his 
own plantation June 9, 1699. 

Children of Miles Gibson and Anne^ Todd (Anna*, John-^, DanieP, 

William^ Gorsuch): 

15. i. Roberto Gibson. Bom about 1678-1681. Died June 1704, 

Married Dec. 15, 1702, Mary Goldsmith. Apparently had 

no issue. (see post) 

IG. ii. Sarah*^ Gibson. Bom 1678-1683. Date death unknown. 

Married Thomas Bale, by whom she apparently had no 

issue. (see post) 

iii. AnneS Gibson. Born 1679-1683. Living Mar. 3, 1683-4. when 

she is referred to in Francis Lovelace's will. Not tracej 

further. (To be continued.) 


The Webb Family of New Kent County. 
The first of this family in Virginia was (2) "George Webb, son of (1) 
Conrade Webb, late of the City of London, merchant" {Family Bible), 
who settled in New Kent County. He married (1st) "Lucy Jones widow 
of Josias Jones and Daughter of Col. Joseph Foster, late of the County 
of New Kent in Virginia, July 21, 1728, by the Rev. Wm. Mossom, in the 
presence of her brother Jospeh Foster, Anne his wife, Eliza Thompson." 
{F. B.). 

"After a lingering sickness of several years, Lucy Webb departed this 
Life and was interred in the Family burying place. Her Husband, in 
commemoration of her Virtues, c6mposed the Following Epitaph, being 
her true character, viz.: 

'Here lies the Body of Lucy late Wife of George Webb of the County 
of New Kent, Gent., to whom during a happy marriage of 22 years, she 
bore G children, of whom Four sons George, Lewis, Foster and John 
survived her. She departed December 30, 1750, in the 54th year of 
her age. 

She was 
An affectionate Faithful prudent Wife 
Deservedly esteemed and sincerely beloved 
■• ' A tender Mother 

■ A careful mistress 

A kind charitable neighbor 

Pious, chaste, just and good. 

An Ornament and Pattern to her sex 

A bright example of Conjugal Fidelity 

And all domestic virtues 

In Justice to her memory her husband caused this Monument to be 

erected.' " (F. B.). 

George Webb was married "to his second Wife, Anne daughter of John 
Bickerton of the County of Hanover, Gentlemen, June 4, 1752, by the 
Revd. Mr. Patrick Henry in presence of her Father, Mr. & Mrs. Hub- 
bard, Mr. & Mrs. Booth, Elizabeth Bickerton and others." {F. B.). 

It is curious that while the Bible record which has been referred to con- 
tains the births of all of his children, and even of those of some of his 
descendants, it has no record of his own death. The destruction of the 
records of New Kent prevent any knowledge being gained from that 
source; but it is possible that some family record not known to the com- 
piler of this may furnish the information. It will be published later, if 
received . 

Issue (1st marriage): 

(3) "George, a son, born July 4, 1729; baptized by Mr. Mossom 

the 11th. William Dandridge, Esqr. and Charles Lewis, 
Gent., Godfathers; Mrs. Mary Lewis, Godmother." 

(4) "Lewis, a son, born April 19, 1731, baptized by Mr. Mossom, 

May 14. Phil. Whitehead and Cornelius Lyde, Gent., 
Godfathers; Elis. Thompson, Godmother." 


(5) "Foster, a son, born Jan. 3, 1732-3; baptized by Mr. Mossom. 

Roger Thompson, Wm. Comrie and Elis. Thompson, Spon- 
sors. He died Dec. 5, 1734." 

(6) "Sara, a Daughter, born Nov. 9, 1734; baptized by Mr. 

Brooke. Died Dec. 4, 1734." 

(7) "Foster, a son, born Oct. 16, 1735, baptized by Mr. Mossom 

the 24th. Joseph Foster and John Bacon, Gent., and Mrs. 
Eliz. Thompson, Sponsors." 

(8) "John, a son, born June 5, 1740, baptized by Mr. Mossom, 

July 6. Joseph Foster and Roger Thompson, Gent., and 
>•* •iJi'Irs, Fanny Parke Winch, Sponsors." 
Issue (2d marriage): i..,. ^ 

(9) "Sara, a Daughter, born'^une 3, 1754; bapfize;d Mar. 11 follow- 

ing by the Reverend Mr. Mossom. John Robinson and 
Richard Corbin, Esqrs., Col. Bernard Moore, Mrs. 
Hubbard, Mrs. Seaton and Mrs. Elis. Robertson, 

(10) "Mary, a Daughter, born Sept. 25, 1756; baptized by Mr. 
Mossom Nov. 9. James Pride, Esqr., John Sinclair, Gent, 
and Dr. Geo. Gilmer, Godfathers. Mrs. Ann Winston, 
and Miss Anne Meux and Miss Fanny Henry, Godmothers." 

George^ Webb, born July 4, 1729. He was a member of the New Kent 
C'ommittee of Safety 1775; a Naval Commander in the same year, Treas- 
urer of the State 177S, etc., and held other offices of prominence. He 
married April 1756 (marriage bond in Goochland) Hannah, daughter of 
Tarleton Fleming, of "Rock Castle," Goochland, and died after 1786. 

Issue (known): 

(11) George^ Webb, Jr. 

(4) Lewis^ Webb, of New Kent, born April 9, 1731, died . He was 

educated at William & Mary College, and was a member of the House of 
Burgesses for New Kent at the sessions of September and November, 
1758, Feb. 1759, Nov. 1759, March, May and October 1760, and March- 
1761. He married (according to the account preserved by his descend- 
ants in the south, Elizabeth , probably Bickerton.). 

Issue (known): 

(12) Foster* Webb. Jr. 

(5) Foster^ Webls, of New Kent, bom Jan. 3, 1732-3. He was edu- 
cated at William & Mary College. It is believed by the compiler, 
though not asserted positively, that this Foster Webb was the same 
person who appears in another Bible record. "Foster Webb of the County 
of New Kent was married to Sarah Shore the 17th June 1775, Daughter 
of John Shore of the County of Hanover. On Thursday the 26th of Oct- 
ober 1795, departed this Life Mr. Foster Webb. On Monday the 26th 
of April 1802, about 4 o'clock P. M., closed her earthlv existence, Mrs. 
Sarah Webb." 

Issue: (To be continued) 


Yeardley— Flowerdewe — West. 

Notes from English Records in reference to the Yeardley, Flow- 
erdewe AND West Families. Furnished from England at the in- 
stance OF Mr. Griffin C. Callahan, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Chancery Proceedings. Charles I. Y. 7. No. 34. 

The replication of Ralphe Yardley complainant to the answer of Francis 
West esq., defendant. 


The repliant denies that Dame Temperance Yardley, the defendant's 
late wife, ever sent any tobacco out of Virginia to this repliant in England 
besides the seaven thousand weight mentioned in the answer. But he 
says that about the same time she sent into England 100 hogsheads of 
tobacco which were not sent to him but to one Thomas Wolfrey of South- 
ampton who has not j'et given any account of it to this repliant. This 
repliant further says that the defendant, since the death of the said Dame 
Temperance, has secretly conveyed away great quantities of tobacco and 
other the personal estate of Sir George Yardley, and has converted the 
same to his own use. The defendant ought to restore the same to this 
repliant for the use of the children & orphans of Sir George Yardley, to 
whom in equity the same belongs. 

' Chancery Proceedings Charles I. W. 63 No. 42. 
Francis West of the city of Winchester, co. Southants, esquire, comp. 


Ralph Yardley of London, an apothecary, defendant. 

[Abstract] Bill dated 1 Feb. 1629-30. 

[A. D. 1628] 

The complainant shows that about the last day of March, 3 Charles I, 
he married Dame Temperance Yardley, late wife of Sir George Yardcly, 
knight, and by means thereof and of the last will of the said Sir George 
was to have had a full third part of all the estate of the said Sir George in 
Virginia or elsewhere, over & above all household stuff being in Sir 
George's house in James City at the time of his death, which third part 
so belonging to the complainant amounted to at least £3000, the said Sir 
George's estate, of which he bequeathed a full third part to his wife, 
Dame Temperance, being worth £10,000 at least. The said Dame Tem- 
perance proved the said will, of which she was executrix, and within one 
year after her marriage with the complainant she died in Virginia with- 
out having made any will, by means whereof her said third part of right 
belonged to the complainant. The said third part mainly consisted of 
tobacco growing in Virginia or transported into England, as also of ser- 


vants, negroes, &c., and of a plantation of 1000 acres of land with to- 
bacco at Stanley in Warwick River in Virginia, and being all appointed 
by Sir George's will to be sold for tobacco money or other commodities 
of that country and to be transjjorted into England to be sold there, a 
third part thereof was to be delivered to the said Dame Temperance for 
lier own use. This was done partly in Dame Temperance's life time & 
partly since her death. But Ralph Yardely, the defendant, having 
knowledge of this & of Dame Temperance's death, and knowing by Sir 
George's will that a third part belonged to his said wife, and by her 
death to the complainant, and the other two parts to Sir George's three 
children, (the complainant being then in Virginia where Dame Temper-^ 
anee died) the said Ralph obtained letters of administration of the goods 
of the said Sir George and by colour thereof possessed himself of all the 
personal estate of the said Sir George Yardeley. About last Easter 
the complainant arrived in England, and hearing that the said Ralph had 
possessed himself not only of Sir George Yardley's estate, but also of the 
complainant's third part thereof, he repaired to the said Ralph Yardley 
«SL' asked him to tell him what the said estate amounted to, and to pay 
him a full third part of the same. All which the said Ralph Yardely 
utterly refused to do. 

The demurrer of Ralphe Yeardly, defendant, to the bill of Francis 
West esq. complainant. 

The defendant says that by the complainant's own shewing letters of 
administration of the goods of Sir George Yeardley, knight, have been 
granted to this defendant. It does not appear by any thing set forth in 
the bill that the complainant has any purparty in the personal estate of 
Sir George. This defendant is advised by his counsel that neither in law 
or in equity is he bound to give the complainant any account of the said 
estate, as is required by his bill. 

Will of Francis West 
of Winchester, co. Southants, esquire 
dated 17 December 5 Charles I. [A. D. 1629.) 

(Full abstract] 

I desire to make provision for Jane my now wife, one of the daughters 
of Sir Henry Davye, knight, in case she survives me. 

I desire that my wife, as soon as she may after my death, shall sell 
all my lands, goods, plantations, servants, iSrc, either in England or Vir- 
ginia (except jewels, plate, linen and household stuflf) and shall have the 
whole disposing, profits and ordering thereof imtil such time as my son 
Francis West shall accomplish his full age of one and twenty, my said wife 
in the meantime bringing up my said son in learning and in the fear of God. 
When my said son shall come of age my wife shall deliver to him one half 
of my said estate to be sold as aforesaid. If my said son shall die under 
age my said wife shall have all my said estate of lands, plantations, ser- 


vantb ;aid goods aforesaid to her own use forever, that is to say, such 
lands & things as I shall be then seised of in fee simple to her &- her heirs 
forever, and all my said personal estate whatsoever to her own use for- 
ever, if she happens to have no issue by me. And if she happens to have 
any issue by me, then I devise the said whole estate, or money to be made 
upon the sale of the lands, plantations, servants & goods aforesaid (if my 
said son Francis happen to die during his minority) and the whole benefit 
thereof to my said wife for her life. But if my said son Francis shall live 
to be twenty one, and I shall have no issue by my wife Jane, then 1 devise 
only one half thereof to her for her life. After the death of my said wife, 
1 devise one full moiety of the whole estate aforesaid (if my son Francis 
shall die during his minority) unto such children as 1 shall have by my 
said wife to be equally divided between them, saving that such eldest 
son as I shall have by my said wife Jane shall have a double portion. If 
my said wife shall take a second husband after my death, then the moiety 
of such estate as shall come to her by virtue of this my last will shall be 
divided equally between such children as I shall have by her, saving a 
double portion to the eldest son. 

I bequeath to my said wife Jane all such jewels, linen, pl^te, money & 
household stufT as I shall be possessed of at the time of my death to her 
own use forever. 

Executrix. My wife Jane. 

Overseer. Sir Henry Davye, knight, to whom 1 bequeath £5. 

Provided that i^f the said Francis West and Jane do die without issue 
of their bodies between them begotten, that then the one half of all the 
estate aforesaid shall be in the power of the said Francis West to bestow 
and give to whomsoever he pleaseth. 

Witness. Tho. South, Tho. Hill. 

Proved on the 28th April 1634 by Jane West, relict & executrix. 

Yardley Wills, Proved at Litchfield. 


Will of James Yerdeley of Leamington dated —January 1533-4. 


I desire to be buried in the churchyard of Leamington Prior. I make 
bequests to the church of Leamington Prior, the Mother Church of 
Coventry, & the mother church of Lichfield. I give to my [sistjer Elsa- 
beth a cow. To my son John & wife Alys the residue of my goods. 

Executors. My son John & wife Alys. 

Witnesses. Henry Yerdeley, John Freman, Tho. 

Proved 14 October 1534. 

[Much mutilated.] 

8': ,»jjr// yj»ja>!AY 

if <>J 

x}-»4ir»»jr« .* fii' b'jvo-4 



Will of Jone Yerdysley, of Drayton in Hales, dated 31 Oct. 1537. 


I dosire to be buried in Drayton Church. I make small bequests to 
Helen daughter of John Pole, Margaret Smythe, Thomasyn Wylde, 
Robert Burton, Jone Yerdesley, Katcryn Yerdesley, Beatrix Black- 
hurst, Elene Coke, Raffe Yerdesley & Helen Smith. 1 bequeath to my 
son Thomas 40 s. I bequeath the residue of my goods to Humfrey 
Yerdesley my brother's son. 

Executor. The said Humfrey Yerdesley. 

Witnesses. Sir Thomas Ryder, priest, RafTe Wylde, John Pole, Robert 

Proved 27 January 1537-8. 

[N B. The legacy to RafTe Yerdesley was a flaxen sheet.] 

Will of Hugh Yardele of Kenilv/orth co. Warwick dated 19 August. 


I bequeath to Alice my daughter . To Kateryne my daughter a 

heifer. To Isabell, to & to Kateryne my daughters two years rent 

out of my lands. 1 will that my wife Margery to hold . I bequeath 

to William my son two kyne. To IVIargery my wife & William my son the 
residue of my goods. 

Executors. My wife Margery & son William. 

Overseer. Fraunces Phippes. 

[Witnesses]. Lister my ghostly father, Fraunces Phippes, Richard 

with others more. 

Proved IG October 1543. 

[In very bad condition.] 

Will of Nicholas Yerdeley of the parish of Audeley dated 23 November 


1 desire to be buried in the churchyard of St. James of Audeley. 1 be- 
queath 20 d. to the High Altar in the parish church of Audeley, & 20 d. 
to the maintenance of Our Lady service in Audeley. 1 will that a tren- 
tall of masses be said for my soul, & for all Christian souls. I assign to 
my brother Robert Yerdeley my house & ground for the term not yet 
expired. I bequeath the residue of my goods to my mother. 

Executors. My brother Richard Yerdeley & William Steyll of Made- 

Witnesses. Sir John Pytstocke curate of Audeley & John Revc. 

Proved 18 February 1543-4. 

1.;kh: :>;: 



Will of Himifrey Yardley of Lylyngton co. Warwick, husbandman dated 
6 October, 1556. 


I desire to be buried in Lylyngton churchyard. 1 give to each of my 
five sons and three daughters [all unnamed! 40 s., and I desire that Anne 
my wife shall educate & bring them up. I bequeath the residue of my 
goods to my wife. 

Executrix. My wife Anne. 

Overs ers. Richard Yardleye, Robert Yardley and John Whytehed. 

Witnesses. Thomas Badnalle, John Whytehed and Robert Yardley. 

Proved 26 April, 1558. 

Will of John Yardley of Exhall in the county of Coventry, yeoman, dated 
4 September 1557. 


I desire to be buried in the churchyard of Exhall. I bequeath to my 
son John Yardley 40 s., a cow and C sheep, and after the death of Alyse 
my wife 1 will that he shall have the lease of my house if he will be ruled 
by my executors & overseers. Otherwise I will that Richard Symson 
my sister's son shall have it, or one of her other children. 1 bequeath to 
Thos. Lyllakur of Coventry some wearing apparel. 1 bequeath to Alyse 
my daughter the lease of Synklers yerde[?] and 20 s. 

I make small bequests to John Proctor, John Pultney, the parson of 
BedworLh, & John Greene in the Bayle lane, & John Lansdale. 

I bequeath to my wife Alyse the residue of my goods. 

Executrix. My wife Alyse Yardley. 

Overseers. Richard Stanfield, gentleman, Oliver Wright, John Proc- 
tor & P.ichard Proctor. 

Proved 7 Feb. 1557-8. 

Will of John Yardley of the city of Coventry, barber, dated 8 August 1557. 


1 desire to be buried in Trinity Churchyard of Coventry. I bequeath 

to Elys Yardley my son the bigger part of my house, and Alyse my wife 
to have the lesser part of my house which formerly was a tenement of 
6 s. 8 d. a year, and she to have that tenement to her children for ever, 
but neither she nor they shall sell it. If the said children die, then all the 
said tenement shall remain unto my son Elyse Yardley & to his heirs 
for ever. But if he shall die without heirs then all the house shall remain 
to my children that 1 had by Alyse my wife. I bequeath to my son Elys 
various household goods, and to my wife the residue of my goods. 

Executrix. My wife Alyse. 

Witnesses. Thomas Saunders, butcher, and Thomas Woton, clerk. 

Proved 7 Februarv 1557-8. 

I xd 

». Ii«W 


Will of John Yerdeley of Myles Grene (AudeleyJ dated 2 May. 1568. 

1 desire to be buried in the churchyard of St. James of Audeley 1 give 
to Cici ye my wife my house & grounds, & a croft called Lytic Bromelev 
durmg her life, and after her death 1 give the reversion of the lease of the 
said croft to John Yerdeley my middle son. I give to John Yerdeley my 
youngest son half of a coal mine during the time mentioned in a pair of 
indentures he to pay £5. 6. s. 8d. towards my debts. I give to my said 
w.te coals from the said mine for her use. and after her death I assign 
th.m to John Yerdeley, my middle son. I give to John Gernett my son 
in law my takings of the 4th part of a stone mine called the Grene Dellves 
during the time mentioned in a pair of indentures. 1 bequeath the residue 
of my goods to Licilye my wife, John Yerdeley my middle son. & John 
Yerdeley my youngest son. 

Executors. My wife Cicilye. & John Yerdeley my middle son 
Overseers. My brother, Richard Yerdeley. & John Gernett 
J\^i^tnesses. Ric. Yerdeley, John Vernon, John Yerdeley "my elder- 
Proved 11 April, 1559. 

Will of Robert Yerdley of Radford, co. Warwick dated 28 March 15- 

I desire to be buried in S. Nicholas Churchyard in Radford I be- 
queath to the mother church of Lichfield 4 d., to the Hi-h ^Itar 4 d 
and to Radford Church 12 d. 1 give to my son John Yardle^ my dwelling 
house to him & his heirs for ever. If he shall die without heirs, then my 
son William \ ardley shall have the said house to him & his heirs for ever 
1 bequeath to my son Richard my cottage house & the close belonging 
to the same, to him & his heirs forever. If he shall die without heirs 
then Omfrey Yardley. my son. shall have the same to him & his heirs 
fr^' 1 ''^^"^^th s""^*^ of "^oney to my sons William, Thomas, Rich- 
ard & OmfTrey. and to my daughters Margett. Agnes, Allyce and Margere 
to each of my said children £6, 13. 4, to be paid them on the day of mar- 
riage or at the age of 21. ^ 
Executor. My son John. 

Overseers. William Whythead & John Yebome 
^Witnesses. John Cruce, vicar of Radford. Thomas Jecock & Thomas 

Proved 13 November 1559. 



Will of John Yardley of Kenilworth dated 28 July, 1566. 


I desire to be buried in the churchyard of Kenilworth, 1 desire my 
goods to be divided between my wife Anne Yardley & John Yardley my 
youngest son, the said John to have his moiety at the age of 21. If he 
shall die under age, one moiety of his share shall remain to my wife Anne 
and the other moiety shall be equally divided between the children of my 
son Harry Yardley & the children of Richard Maydes my son in law. I 
owe sniall siams of money to John Bland, Harry Yardley my son, John 
Yardley my eldest son, & Thomas Yardley my son: 

Executors. John Bland &■ Thomas Yardley. 

Overseer. John Knight. 

Memorandum that on his deathbed the testator confessed that after 
his death, upon the entrance of Harry Yardley into the house & lands of 
the said testator the same Harry ought to pay John Yardley the elder 
his brother £4. 

Witnesses. Nicholas nell, Richard Maydes, Harry Yardley, John 

Yardley the elder, Richard Bettes the writer. 

Proved 9 Jvme 1567. 

Will of John Yardley of Radford co. , Warwick, yeoman dated 29 July 1576. 


I desire to be buried in the churchyard of S. Nicholas in Radford. I 
give to each of my children, Robert, Richard, John, Henry, Thomas and 
Su7anna Yardley £6, 13, 4 to be paid them at the age of 21. I desire my 
debts to be paid as well to my brothers & sisters as to others, and those 
contracted through the executorship of my father, Robert Yardley's will. 
I bequeath to Mylborowe my wife my house in which I dwell & my lands 
in Radford for her life. If she shall die before Robert Yardley my son 
comes of age, then I will that my said house & lands shall remain to 
Richard Yardley my soji, untill the said Robert comes of age. I be- 
queath the residue of my goods to my wife. 

Executrix. My wife Mylborowe. 

Overseers. My kinsman Thomas Hyll of Honely & Richard Whythead 
of Radford. 

Witnesses. Fraunces Hyll the elder, Edward Hyll, Fraunces Hill the 
younger, Ric. Whythed, Thomas Scrope, Henry Whythed & William 
Why the d. 

Proved 23 April 1577. 




Will of Randall Yerdeley, of Audeley, dated 6 February, 1575-G. 


I desire to be buried in Audeley Churchyard. I bequeath to Eli7abeth 
Yerdeley my sister 6s. 8d. To the bastard son of James Yerdeley rny 
brother 3s. 4d. To my said brother James certain of my tools in the 
smithy, some household goods, also the chamber in the old house & the 
use of one half of my smithy during his life if he keep himself sole & un- 
married. I give to Richard my son cne iron stythie in the keeping of 
John Crokett with the rest of my smithy tools. Also in the name of his 
full child's part of my goods the sum of 20 marks to be paid at the dis- 
cretion of my executrix & overseers. I give to Margaret my wife the 
residue of my goods, and the term of years which I have in a wood called 
the Hayes, & in lands which I hold of Wm. Banghey; and land called 
Tybrr^eduwe which I bought, for her life, with remainder to John my 
eldest son & his heirs, and to Richard my younger son Sc his heirs suc- 
cessively, and in default of such issue to the right heirs of me the testator. 

Executrix. My wife Margaret. 

Overseers. My brother in law, Wm. Bolton, John Vernon & Richard 

Witnesses. John Vernon, Ric. Vernon, James Yerdeley & Robert 

Proved 14 Jujie 1577. 

Will of Raphe Yerdley of Audeley, co. Stafford, gentleman, dated 23 July 


I beciueath my interest & term of years in a messuage & certain copy- 
hold lands in the hamlet of Talke in Audeley manor, which 1 hold of the 
said manor by copy of Court Roll for 50 years, of the grant of William 
Yerdeley, gentleman, my father by licence & admittance of the lord of the 
manor that then was, to the only use of Alice Yerdeley now my wife, if she 
shall live so long. If she die shall before the term of years is expired, 
then I bequeath the residue to my said father. I bequeath to Sibell, 
widow of Robert Sneyde of Talke, the keeping of one cow winter & sum- 
mer, and one day's work of land to sow with what grain she will, without 
paying any rent for the same. 

I bequeath the residue of my goods to Alice my Vv'ife. I owe small 
sums of money to my brothers John Yerdley &■ George Yerdley. 

Executors. My wife Alice, My father William Yerdeley & my kinsman 
William Boulton. 

Overseers. My brother William Yerdeley & brother in law Robert 
Meynell gent. 

Witnesses. John Sneyde, Thomas Yerdley, Richard Blore. 

Prov^'d 14 July 15S8. 

(To be continued) 

.Syiai 'Hti 



Mt. Vernon, Washington's Home and the Nation's Shrine. By Paul 
Wilshatch, Author of "Richard Mansfield, the Man and the Actor," 
&-C., Garden City, New York, Doubleday, Page & Company, IQi'b, 
pp. 301, with 52 illustrations. 
There has been much wrriten about the most famous dwelling in Amer- 
ica; but nothing like this book. There have been dry collections of facts 
about part of the history of Mt. Vernon, and readable, but inaccurate ac- 
counts of other portions; but in no one volume, complete and handsome, 
has the whole story been told with most careful accuracy and yet in ari 
agreeable and attractive style. The author has studied most thoroughly 
all sources of information in regard to Mt. Vernon and its occupants^and 
has combined in his work, much never before included in any one volume. 
The story begins with the first settlement of the Potomac country and 
continues down with great wealth of detail, to the present time. It is by 
far the best woik of its kind which has ever appeared. 

In the multiplicity of sources he had to study the author was bound to 
make a few slips. Bryan Fairfax (p. 18) did not ordinarily assume his 
title; but did go to England and have it confirmed by the House of Lords. 
The weapons illustrated opposite page 2G are hardly "battle-axes," but 
seem to be halberds. On page -43, Wm. Byrd, 3d of the name, has been 
mistaken for his father, and the Raleigh Tavern (p. 61) does not "still 
stand." It was burnt years ago. But there are trivial matters which 
do not offset the great volume and interest of the book. 

The Hamiltons of Burnside, North Carolina, and their Ancestors 
and Descendants. By Patrick Hamilton Baskervill, A. M. 
(U. of Va.), Richmond, Va. Richmond, Va., Wm. Ellis Jones' 
Sons, Incorporated, 1916, pp. 158, with several illustrations, maps 
and charts. 
Mr. Baskervill, who has done such good genealogical work on his 
paternal ancestry, studys in this book, another ancestral line, that of 
Patrick Hamilton, who was born at Burnside, Scotland, in 1789, and emi- 
grated to North Carolina in 1807. The emigrant was descended from 
James Hamilton, of East Quarter, who lived about 165,'->, and seems to 
have been a cadet of Hamilton, of Parkhcad. This family in turn 
branches from the Hamiltons of Orkston, who began with a young son of 
the Hamiltons of Cadzow, ancestors of the ducal house. Mr. Basker- 


vill has, as he says, not attempted a history of the Hamiltons, but has 
made a most thorough study of the various lines from which the Hamil- 
tons of Burnside, N. C, were certainly or probably descended. As in 
his former work Mr. Baskerville makes no unfounded claims; but states 
frankly all difficulties. The book is a valuable addition to Scottish- 
American genealogy. 

Vr.coiNiA Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legisl.ation. By 
Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, Archivist. Bulletin of the Virginia 
State Library, January-July 1916. Richinond, Davis Bottom, 
Superintendent of Public Printing, 1916, pp. 283, with twelve maps. 
When it is said of a book that it completely and finally accomplishes 
the object for which it was written, there need be but little more said of 
it than to describe its subject. It can be stated with confidence that 
Mr. Robinson's book has told all that there is to tell about the origin 
and growth of Virginia counties, and has done it in a most thorough and 
scholarly way. A preface which explains the plan of the work and which 
contains an adm.irably compact history of the settlement, is followed 
by a table of counties arranged in alphabetical order, which also gives 
the dates of formation, "the land formed from," and reference to the 
authorities. Next come the counties in chronological arrangement, 
then the geographical arrangement, with a very valuable series of maps 
showing the growth of population. This is followed by a series of 
charts showing the "genealogies" of the counties — how one was formed 
from another and became the parent of a third,— and finally the texts of 
acts of Assembly concerning counties which do not appear in Hening's 
Statutes at Large (recently obtained from London) and a bibliography. 
It is difficult to speak too highly of the way in which Mr. Robinson has 
done this work. On almost every page is evidence of intense labor; and 
this tireless labor has been accompanied by scholarly judgement. To 
the historian of Virginia and her counties, the lawyer and the genealogist, 
this work is indispensable. 

The Balkan Wars, 1912-1913. By Jacob Gould Schurman. Third Edi- 
tion, Princeton University Press, Princeton (Sec), 1916, pp. 140, 
with maps. 
The value of this work is shown by the fact that this is the third edition. 
At the present time it is even more interesting than when it was first 
published, for the authors statement made Nov. 26, 1914, in the preface 
to third edition, that "It is not inconceivable that some or all of those 
states may be drawn into the present colossal conilict," has been most 
fully realized. 

Index of the Rolls of Honor (Ance.stors Index) to the Lineage 
Books of the National Society of the Dau<;hters of the Amek- 


ICAN Revolution. Volumes 1 to 40. 1916, Press of Pierpont, 
Sumter & Co., Pittsburj^h, Pa. (Mrs. Sarnuel A. Ammon, Pitts- 
burgh, Pa., Editor), pp. 424. 
A book indispensable to searchers for Revolutionary ancestors. 

The New Purchase or Seven and a PIalf Years in the Far West. By 
Robert Carlton, Esq. (Baynard Rush Hall), Indiana. Centennial 
Edition. Edited by James Albert Woodburn, Professor of Amer- 
ican History, Indiana University. Princeton University Press, 
Princeton {&c.), 1916, pp. 522. 
Princeton University has done a good work in republishing "The New 
Purchase," a book long out of print, which has been pronounced as one 
of the best works ever written concerning life in the West. The "New 
Purchase" was part of Indiana. Hall went to Indiana about 1823, trav- 
elled widely, met and observed many new and various social conditions 
and wrote a most vivid account of his experiences. The present edition 
has been well edited and a key given to the characters and places pre- 
sented under fictitious names in the original publication. Any one who 
wishes to get a very real insight into life in the West (north of the Ohio) 
at that period must read this book. 

Andrew Johnson, Military Governor of Tennessee. By Clifton R. 
Hall, Ph. D., Assistant Professor in History and Politics in Prince- 
ton University. Princeton University Press, Princeton (&c.), 
1916, pp. 234. 
A valuable study of the life of Andrew Johnson in 1802-1865. The au- 
thor states that he has particularly desired to show how the lessons 
learned by Johnson in reconstructing his own state, constituted a training 
for the work to which he was called in a national capacity. 

The Ryekson Gene.\oloy. Genealogy and History of the Knickerbocker 
Families of Ryerson, Ryerse, Ryerss; also of Adnance and Martense 
Families; all descendants of Martin and Adrian Ryeroz (Ryerozen) 
of Amsterdam, Holland. By Albert Winslow Ryerson. Edited 
by Alfred L. Holman, probably printed for Edward L. Ryerson, 
Chicago, 1916, pp. 433. 
This is one of the handsomest and most carefully prepared genealogies 

which has ever been issued. It is a worthy memorial to an ancient 

Dutch family which settled in New Amsterdam. 

Social Life in England, 1750-1850. By F. J. Foakes Jackson. New 
York, The Macmillan Company, 1916, pp. 338. 
This voluine contains a course of Lowell Lectures delivered in Boston 
in March, 1916. Mr. Foakes has lifted his subject from cut and dry 
statistics and quotations so often found in books of this sort, and illus 
trates social life in England by telling of examples of the lives of the 


people. He begins with the Wesley family for life in the eighteenth 
century, and follows with Crabbe, the life of Margaret Catchpole, Gunn- 
ing's "Reminiscences of Cambridge," the Creevy Papers of the time of 
the Regency following with England as shown in the writings of Dickens 
and Thackeray, and concluding with a striking chapter on sport and 
rural England. The book gives a new and very interesting view of 
English life. 

Briiif History of the United States. By Matthew Page Andrews, 
M. A., 151 illustrations and 25 black-and-white maps in the text; 
also frontispiece and two maps in full color. Philadelphia and 
London, pp. 368, XXVIII, II, and index. 
This is a scholarly and very ' 'readable" book for students of the seventh 
and eighth grades. "No better book can be found by the man or woman 
who desires in a single volume a complete survey of our country's his- 
tory," is the verdict of one who is thoroughly acquainted with this very 
useful and attractive volume. 

A Political and Social History of Modern Europe. By Carlton J. H. 

Hayes, Associate Professor of History in Columbia University, 2 

volumes. New York, The Macmillan Company, 1916, pp. xxv, 

5S1; vii, 767, with 38 maps. 

"A timely, accurate and brilliantly written historj'^ of modern Europe 

from 1500 to the present war, in which the emhpasis is placed on recent 

happenings or at least those events of the past which have had a direct 

bearing on the present. 

At his point of departure the author has chosen the world discoveries, 
the mighty commercial expansion, and the religious turmoil of Europe in 
the sixteenth century, for with that date modern world politics and the 
steady growth of nationalism may be said to begin, and the great central 
theme of modern history emerges — the rise of the bourgeoise. I^Jot only 
has the author devoted several admirable chapters to social and econ- 
omic developements, but he has utilized every part of the narrative in 
injecting some social or economic explanation of the chief political facts. 
He has welded political and social history into a real synthesis. The 
"critical bibliographies are unusually suggestive." 
No more valuable book of its kind has been published during the year. 

iCAL KhOkZitm. 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXV. April, 1917. No. 2 



From the Originals in the Library of Congress. 

*A11 erasures in the originals are here printed in italics. 

Edward Waters, gent., swome and examined Sayeth y' he 
caUinge upp as pilott to bringe the dutche shipp to James Cyttie 
lente his boate to Tho. Thomberry(l) to come upp to James 
Cyttie after him y* he himself might goe back in her to Eliz. 

(1) At the Census of 1C21-5 Thomas Thornbcrry, aged 20, wlio came 
in the George in IGIG, was one of the "Muster" of Edward Waters at 
Elizabeth City. He owned land in that county in 1G34, lived fur a time 
in Maryland where he was a member of Assembly in 1649, and after his 
return to Virginia was a Burgess for Elizabeth City, 1653. He may have 
been the father of Rowland Thornbury or Thornborough, who lived both 
in Va. and Maryland and who, in his will made in the latter Colony in 
1696, left the reversion of his property to his next of kin "The Thorn- 
boroughs of Hampsfield, Lancashire." 


Y* is ordered y' those Tenants y ' are to be putt foorth to masters 
shall have parte of their rente paide w'ch is to be to ym selves in 
corne Shelld two barrells of Come or meate at the expiracon of 
their Sei-vice or at Christmas next, w'ch shall first happen. 

January the XII »•' 1625 
Licui Thomas Osborne swome before the Governor deposeth 
that uppon Wednesday the X*^ of January 1625 John Smith to 
tender two cappons(2) to Mr John Burrows, being dew unto 
him f(jr his rente, w'ch cappons Mr Burrows refused to receave 

January the XVI "' 1625 
Christopher Barker sworn before the Governor, deposeth that 
belore Christmas in Ano 1624, he was present at Kickotan when 
Richard Stephens(3) and Edward ffysher were in talke con- 
cerninge Edward ffysher his goinge in his Pynnace, at w'ch 
Tyme Mr Stephens did yeeld y * Edward ffysher had been foorth 
m )us service in the Pynnace 30 dayes, but w't Mr Stephens was 
to !:ive Edward ffysher for that tyme he knoweth not 

Anthony West swome and examined by the Govem'r deposeth; 
y' aljout ye later end of June last past Mr George Sandys 
Threar. borrowed one hundred weight of Tobacco of Zachar>' 
Criijps and Edward White and when Mr James Swyft servant 
to Mr George Sandys receaved y^ 1001. of Tobacco of him, he 
liked it very well and saide it was prettie but they should' re- 
ceave good Tobacco for it againe 

January the XX"' 1625 
CaiJi. Natha. Basse(4) AiRrmeth upon his knowledge that John 

(2) Payment of a few capons was a frequent form ot nominal rent in 

(3) Richard Stephens, afterwards member of the Council His 
widow Elizabeth married Governor Sir John Harvey, and his son Samuel 
Stephens was the first husband of Frances Culpepei. who afterwards 
married Governor Sir William Berkeley. See this Magazine I, 82, 83 

(4) Capt. Nathaniel Bass, born 1587, came to Va. in 1622 ' In IG'^O 
and 1021-22 he, with Sir Richard Worsley and others, obtained from the 
Virginia Company grants for a plantation to be called "The Isle of 
Wights Plantation," within the present Isle of Wight Co., Va. Capt 
Bass was a Burgess March 1623-1 and October 1629. 


Coombes(5) and John Ewyne cam over into this Country in the 
good ship]) caled the Marigold Ano Domini 1G20 the 20''' of 
May and were deHvered by Capt. Lane, to Sir George Yardley 
to the Company's tise. 

A Copie of Lawrence Mayo his Acquittance of receipte 
Receaved by me Lawrence Mayo the 29^'' of December 1623 
three hundred weight of Tobacco that is to saye one of nev/ and 
two of olde, of Lieut. Wilham Barrye dew unto me the said 
Lawrence Mayo from the Virginia Company from the be- 
ginninge of the worlde till this present daye, witness my hande 

Lawr. Mayo 

i'. — 

A Copie of a Letter from Mr Wm Constable (6) 

to Mr Deputie Ferrar 
Laus Deo, Vlushinge the ultimo August 1625 
Worsh'll Sir 

Your Good health hoped and prayed for, In the midste of this 
greate mortalitie, These are, that about two yeares since I sent 
a shipp for the Virginia caled the William and John, The m'r 

(5) John Coombs or Comes who came in the Murygold m 1G19, lived 
at The Treasurer's Plantation in 1625. 

(G) William Constable was evidently a member of the Virginia Com- 
pany. On Feb. 15, 1022 "on motion of Mr. Wm. Constable and Mr. 
Arthur Svvainc," Mr. Reynolds master of the ship William &■ John was 
authorized to go on a tishins^' trip solely for the benefit ot the colony. In 
Feb. 1G23, the William ef John, of 50 tons, was commissioned to go to Vir- 
ginia via Flushing with victuals of the value of £500 for trade. This and 
other provision ships did not reach Virginia until after the harvest and 
as this had been good there was not so much demand for their .supplies 
which caused the loss stated by Constable. The Flying Hart of Flushing 
had been in Virginia as early as 1G19 and had carried back the first Vir- 
ginia tobacco recorded to have been sent to England; but there is no 
doubtthatsome had been sent before. Later, in 1621, the same shipbrought 
to the colony Capt. Thos. Newce, Sir William Newce and Mr. Daniel 
Gookin from Ireland. On this voyage for which Constable asks a com- 
mission, she arrived in Virginia in Dec. 1G25; ])ut (probably on account 
of the confused state of the Company's affairs) without a commission. 
The Governor and Council seemed to think this irregularity was some- 
what compensated for by the good news she brought, viz., the accession 
of Charles I. 


O h 



tmtler god Wm Reynolds for w'ch shipp your Worp's have me 
a commissione owt of the Courte, And although I loste much by 
that vioage, Yett so well I affect the prosperitie of those people 
and that Country, That I have adventured to ffraight another 
shipp and to putt in good store of p'visiones wanting in that 
Plantacione, And because I would be knowne as a subject to m}'- 
Kinge and Countrey, and also as a ffreeman and well wisher 
unto that Plantacione, I would entreat you"" Worp's to graunt 
mec a Commisione owt of ye Courte in the name of Thomas 
Huett v,''th also your favorable Letter to the Governor there 
for the kinde entertainment of my people in theire Countrey, 
This being it shall encourage me and many others to set theire 
handes and hartes to ye ffourtherence of that Plantacione, And 
this nott doubting of your wood's aplaude in this my enterprise, 
And favours in all I request concerninge the ffourtherence 
therof, I rest Your worp's to Comande in all the service he can 

William Constable 
To the worp'll Mr Deputie ft'errar in London or ells where, these 
A friend whom god preserve. 

A Copie of a bill from Mr Humphrey Rastell to Capt. Basse 
I Hiunphrey Rastell of London merchant to p'mise to deliver 
to Capt. Natha. Basse of Basses Choyce in Warischroyke one 
boye aged aboute ffowerteene yeeres Sufficyently appareled 
accordinge to the use & custome of this Countrey, to senile him 
the said Basse or his assignes seven Yeares from the twentieth 
of November next ensueinge the date herof, for the trewe 
p'toiTnence, I binde my selfe in the penaltie or securitie of five 
hundred pownd of Tobacco, In witness I have heere unto putt 
m}^ hande the xviiii"' daye of Aprill 1025 

Humphrey Rastell 
Signed in the presence of 

William Hollande 

Waldgrave ]\larkes(7) 

Thomas Phillipps 

(7) Waldegrave Marks who came in the Bona Nova lived at James 
City lG'2^1-5, and Thomas Phillips, who came in the same ship, was in 
l(>2i-5, a servant of Lieut. Edward Berkeley at Hog Island. 

, aWISAD.'-M .IA3I5iOT 


[218.] - ' 
A Courte held the XXX ^^^ of January 1025, being present Sir 
Francis Wyatt, Knyght, Governor, &c., Capt Smith, Capt. 
Alathews, Mr Abraham Persie, Mr Wm Cleybourne. 

At this Court appeared Capt. Wm Epps and in the behalf of 
Mrs Katherine Bennett rehct and wydow of Mr Wm Bennett, 
minister, deceased, she being by the last will and Testament of 
ye said Wm Bennett made and nominated his sole executrix, 
doth refuse and decline to take uppon her the said Executorshipp 
yett y'- ye depts of her said husband may be paide and Satisfied 
as far as his saide goodes shall extend, she is vvillinge to admin- 
ister uppon his estate And Accordingly hath presented into this 
Courte a p'fect Inventorie of all his goodes and estate Together 
with such depts as hath allredie been required at her hands 
Therefore Capt. Epps in this behalfe and at the desire of ye saide 
Mrs Katherine Bennett, doth himself sue to this Courte y' she 
may by order of Courte be discharged of the Executorshipp and 
be lyable no further then as Administrator so far as the goodes 
shall extcnde 

The Courte Accordinglie doth order y'^ she shall be discharged 
of the said Executorshipp, And Administer uppon his 
estate. And havinge taken her oath y' it is a p'fect Inventory of 
all his g(»odes to her knowledge, And havinge satisfied ye depts 
as farr as the goodes shall extend she shall have her discharge. 

Randall Smalhvood p'vost marshall swome and examined 
sayeth that in takinge of A muster in the presence of S'r George 
Yeardlcy, Capt. Warde did release James Blackbourne(8) of 
one yeares tyme of his sen'ice 

Thomas Powell & William Dyer also affmied y* Capt. John 
Warde gave James Blackbourne one yeere of his tyme y* the 
said James Blackbourne had to serve him, These p'ties above 
written do affirme this to be trewe uppon theire oathes taken 
before Capt. William Epps, Esquire, comander of the same. 
Witness me Ye marke X of Thomas Powell 

Nicholas Raynberde ye marke X Tho. Dyer 

(8) James Blackborne, aged 20, who came in the Sampson in 1619, was 
a servant of Capt. William Epes on the Eastern Shore in 1G24-5. There 
are several instances in these minutes of persons who at the time of death 
freed servants or reduced their time. 



Y' IS ordered y' James Blackboume shall have his ffreedom 
puttinge in Securitie to answere Capt. Warde for any further 
Service y^ Capt. Warde can prove to be dew from him. 
Y' is ordered also y' Henr>' Wilson (9) and Wm. Minis shall dis- 
pose of Theire cropp, puttinge in vSecuritie to Capt. Wm Epps 
to be answerable to Capt. Warde for such further ser\-ice as he 
can prove to be dew from them, to him, from Christmas last 
was Twelve-month. 

Lodowick Pearle, gent., swome and examined sayeth y' he 
beinge abourde the Shipp caled the grace one Saturday night 
beinge new years Eve did not se any disorder abourde the saide 

Roger Sanders swome and examined sayeth y' John Snode, 
Thomas Thornbeny, Adam Thorowgood(lO), John Pennie and 
Pavvde^ Horwood cam abourd the Shipp caled the grace one 
Saturday nyght beinge new yeers Eve and to his knowledge did 
not see any of them distracted[ ?] in drinke, And sayeth y* those 
five before named and two others tooke boate and went from 
the Shipp before this deponent, And this deponent saw them 
Hoyst saile and presently after lost sight of the boate wheruppon 
this deponent & his mate made w't hast they could & beinge 
their Crye to save them, at w'ch tymc this deponent tooke i\p 
three of them owt of the water 

(9) Henry Wilson, aged 21, who came in the Sampson, 1619, and 
William Munnes, aged 2.5, who came in the same ship, were servants of 
Capt. Wm. Epes on the Eastern Shore in 1624-5. The Sampson, Captain 
John Ward, had arrived in Virginia April 22, 1619, with fifty emigrants, 
including Rev. Thomas Bargravc, a nephew of Dr. Bargrave, Dean of 
Canterbury. They settled at Ward's Creek above Martins' Brandon in 
the present Prince George County. After t he Massacre the survivors f;f 
this Colony scattered to other places. 

(10) Adam Thoroughgood, afterwards member of Council and an- 
cestor of a well-known Virginia family. John Penrice was living at 
Elizabeth City 1G23; but is not included in the Census of 1624-5. Paul 
Harwood. aged 20, who came in the Bona Nova, 1622, was a servant of 
Edward Waters at Elizabeth City 1624-5. John Snowood, aged 25, was 
also living at IHizabeth Citv 1624-5. 



Y' is ordered y ^ John Snode, Thomas Thornberry, John Penrose, 
Adam Thorowgood and Paulle Horwood for theire offence in 
goinge abourde contrary to the Proclamatione shall each of them 
enter into bonde of twentie pownde for theire good behaviour 
and each of them to pay twentie pownde weight of good mer- 
chantable Tobacco towards ye buildinge of the bridges at Eliza- 
beth Cyttie And to pay in the saide Tobacco to Capt. Tucker 
at his howse. 

And this is all the Courte at this tyme came to, consideringe that 
man came in to allege any thinge conceminge ye deaths of John 
ifoster and Thomas lAinn[?] that were cast away. 

A copie of a bill of ladinge proffered in Courte by Richard 

Shipped by the grace of god in good order and well condi- 
cioned by me Richard Wake in and uppon the good Shij^p called 
the Elizabeth of London wherof is m'r under god for this present 
Vioage Lawrence May and now ridinge at anchor in James river 
And by gods grace bound for London in England, To say one 
Butt, one chest, one hogshead marked R. P. Being marked and 
as in the margent [marks shown on margin of original] and are 
to be delivered at the foresaide Porte of London, the dangers 
and adventures of the sea only excepted, to Elizabeth Page or 
her assignes, she or they payinge freight for the saide goods 
three pence p' pownde, w'th principle and average deducted, 
In witness wherof ye master or purser of ye said Shipp both 
Affirmed to three bills of ladinge all of this Term and date, the 
one of which three bills beinge accomplished the other two to 
stand voide, and soe god send the good shipp to her desired 
Porte in saftie, amen. 
Dated the 27^'' of December 1625 

Law. May 

(ll)Be it knowne to all men by these p'resents y* I John Haule 

(11) This is the first real estate mortgage recorded in Virginia. 



of Jarnes Towne Island in Virginia do ow and stand indebted 
unto Thomas Pasmoure of James Towne Island aforesaid the 
riglit quantitie of Two hundred and Three score powndes of the 
best merchantable Tobacco in leafe, To be paide to the saide 
Thomas Pasmoure or his lawful! Attorney his Executors ad- 
ministrators or nssignes one the first daye of November now 
next Ensuino-e tlie date herof w'ch Payment well and trewlie 
to be and donne I bynde my Self my he}Tes executors and ad- 
min isirators by these p'sentes 

In witness wherof I ha\c ];crunto sett m}- hand and scale the 
io^"' daye of January 1G2-1 

'i V' ^ .■•■;•(■.!■'.;,— njo. John Hawle his marke 

ct signmn 
Subscribed sealed & delivered 
in the presence of 

Nathaniell Came}' 

Waldegra^■e Markes 
Mdrii. that the above named John Haule doth binde him self 
his hey res executors and aehninistrators y* yf the above written 
sume of t\\^o hundred and three score pownde of Tobacco be not 
paidc to 'J^homas Passmoure one the day above named, Then to 
Surrender liis howse and grounde in the saide Island to the saide 
Thomas Passmoure, and doth further covenant To tlie said 
Thomas, never to sell or left to any other the saide ho-.vse and 
^^roimde But he the said Thomas to have the refusall givinoe as 
anotlicr will gi\-e, \\itness my hande tlie day and \'eer above 

John X Haule his 
Witness herof 

Nathaniell Cawsey 
\Valde2:ra\-e Markes 

A (Vmrte helde the G"' of iTebruary 1025, beinge present Sir 
ffrancis W.^-att Knight, Governour &c. Capt. liVancis West, 
Capt. Roger Sm.ith, Capt SamAiell ?Nlathews, Mr Al^.raham 
Persic, Mr \\'n\ Clev1)ounie. 


Wheias John Haule died indepted to Thomas Passmoure in 
the Some or quantitie of fower hundred pownd weight of To- 
liacco, as p'tly by bill and p'tly by the confessione of Brigett 
Haule his wyddow it doth appeare 

Y' is agreed in Courte betweene the said Bridgett Haule and 
Thomas Passmoure That the said Thomas Passmoure shall 
Accept of the howse and grounde of the said John Haule Sytuat 
in James Cyttie Islande for and in full Sattisfaction of the said 
dept, and that the said Bridgett Haule shall resign upp all her 
right clctime and Title in and unto the said howse and fower 
acres of land. 

And y^ is fourther ordered, y' John Haule havinge fayled in 
payment of all the aforesaid dept dew to Thomas Passmoure 
That he shall enioy the lands Sc howse accordinge to the agree- 
ment made between him and the saide John Haule. And be- 
cause John Haule had no cojjpie of the said lande, y' is ordered 
y' the saide Thomas Passmoure shall enjoy the said howse and 
fower acres of lande, as p'te of his Devident 

James Hickmote(12) swome and Examined sayeth y*^ one 
Saturday nyght beinge the fowerth of ffebruary 1G25 beinge at 

(12) Jiimes Hickmole or Hickniot, and his wife, who came in the 
Bonaventurt: lived at James City lG'24-5. Thomas Hatch, aged 17, who 
uarne in tlu- Duty, KJl'J, was one of Sir George Yeardley's servants at 
James City 1G24-5. The "precedent" referred to was the cutting oflf of 
the ears of Edward Nevell for the same offence of criticising the govern- 
ment for Cornishe's death. The "Duty boys" were fifty "dissolute" 
persons from London sent to Virginia by order of the King in thaDuty , 
v/hich arrived in Virginia in May 1020. Most of these "dissolute per- 
sons" seem to have been boys probably gathered up in the streets of 
London. They were placed as servants. It is evident from this order 
that littk Jamestown had the regular outfit of each ancient town in 
England, u gallows outside the gate and stocks and pillory in some 
public place inside. One of the most remarkable things about the early 
colonies is the absolute obedience to law. Laws were broken, of course, 
liut there was no resistance when the authorities inflicted the punish- 
ments for such breaches. It is rendered more remarkal)le by the fact 
that the government had no force at its di.sposal except the posse. There 
would be some grumbling and defiant talk; but never any resistance to the 
government's orders. 



the howse of Edward ffisher in James Cyttie, one Peter Masten 
beinge in company and fallinge on tallce concerninge Richard 
Williams als Cornish that was executed for [unnatural crime], 
The said Masten then comendinge the said Comish for an ex- 
cellant manne and shillfull Artist. 

Thomas Hatch beinge also in company, said that in his cons- 
yence he thought the said Comishe was put to death wrong- 
fiilly, wheruppon this deponent said you were best take heede 
w't you saye, you have a presedent [precedent] before your ej'es 
the other d'ye, And it will cost you your eares y*' you use such 
woordes, To w'ch the said Tho. Hatch replied, I care not for my 
eares, lett them hange me yf they will. 

Sara ffisher, ye wife of Edward fhsher sworne and examined 
Affirmeth as much as Mr James Hickmote hath uppon his oath 
formerly delivered. 

Anthony Jonnes sworne and Examined sayeth that he heard 
Thomas Hatch say that Richard Cornish was putt t() death 
wrongfully, and that he did not care for his eares 
Y^ is ordered y', Thomas Hatch for his offence shalbe whipt 
from the forte to the gallows and from thence whipt back againe, 
and be sett uppon the Pillory and there to loose one of his eares, 
And that his service to Sir George Yardley for seaven yecres 
Shalbegain from the present d'ye, Accordinge to the condicicm 
of the de\\1:ie boyes he l;einge one of them. 


Mr John Burrows at this Courte desireth to have one hundred 
and iTyftie acres of land, for three servants (vid'lt) Nicholas 
Goldsmith, Wm Burfoote and Sara Bowman According to 
Certificates p'duced in Courte, To w'ch his request the Court 
doth willingly assent and do order Mr Cleybourne to register 
the same in reccorde. 

Y* is ordered according to the voluntarie agreement of Sir 
fiPrancis Wyatt in behalfc of the Adventurers of ye magazine and 


Capt ftrancis West in behalfe of Mrs Margarett West(13) ad- 
ministratrix to her late husbande Edward Blayney, Merchant, 
deceased, That the said Capt. ffrancis West shall make present 
payment of five thowsande pownde weight of the best mer- 
chantable Tobacco in leafe unto the saide S'r ffrancis Wyatt 
to the use of the said Adventurers. And further it is ordered 
that the said Capt ffrancis West shall not sell, imppartej ?!, 
alyenate nor otherwyse by any meanes or wayste make or 
dim'she any of the goods and chatties movable immovable 
Real or p'sonal wherof Mr Edward Blany was actually Seased 
& possessed of w't or before such tyme as there shall com advise 
owt of England from the adventures in answere of Mr Blaynys 
Accompts and demandes[?] made by letters to the said Adven- 
turers and y* such further order shalbe taken herafter by this 
Courte as Justice and eqiiitie shall require 

Capt. Wm Epps swome before the right woqj'll S'r ffrancis 
Wyatt, knight, Governor Etc., deposeth that uppon Tewsdaye 
the xxvii*'' of december 1625, This deponent heeringe that 
Lewke Eaden was very sick went to see him, And cominge unto 
him findinge him very ill and weake this deponent wished him 
to sett his estate to ryghts, Soe the said Luke Eaden Thanked 
this depciuent and wyshed him to come againe the next m.orn- 
inge. But before this deponent came unto him he was deceased. 
And further this deponent affimieth y*^ the said Tewsday before 
he went awaye from the said Luke Eaden, he demanded of him 
w't depts were owinge him in this countrey, the said Luke Eaden 
ansv/ered and saide. That since the last reckoning made between 
him and Wm Geny, the said Wm Geny was seaventeen hund- 
red weight of Tobacco indepted unto him, And further said 
That Zacharie Cupps and Edward White did owe him six hund- 
red weight of Tobacco, further sayinge that divers others we e 
in his dept, but for that tyme he desired this deponent to for- 

(13) Capt. Francis West married rapidly. It has been shown that 
he married the widow of Edward Blaj'ney. Soon after the death of Sir 
George Yeardley in Nov. 1627, West married his widow Tempercnce, and 
at the time of his own death had still another wife. 


beare him untill the next mominge, before w'ch mominge he 

John How, gent., likewise swome, deposeth, y* before the said 
Luke Eaden deceased. This deponent requested him to be good 
to his servant Alexander To w'ch the said Luke Eaden answered, 
wlien I make my will in the mominge I will remember him, 
furthermore this said deponent sayeth y* the said Luke Eaden 
told him that he had a boye y* was left by Thomas Spilhnan at 
Cliaplens Choyce contrary to his appoyntment And that the 
said Sj)illman had borrowed a Ban-ell of come and left the said 
boye as sattisfaction for the said Come untill it was repaid, 
furthermore the said Lul:e told this deponent y* he had a chest 
at Henry Gerreyes where were certen wrightings and Accompts 
Sz powlder[?] & spices of divers sortes, & two paj'res of sheets, 
As also one chest of Tobacco and one chest of Tobacco and one 
bulke of Tobacco, both conteyning eight hundred weight or 
mure therabouts. The key of w'ch chest of wrightings, spices, 
powder & other things the said Luke Eaden delivered to this 
dcjjonent before he departed liefe, And Capt. Epps & this de- 
p(.ncnt cominge to Henry Genys to see w't was in the said chest 
tl-ev fo\vnd it l;roken Oj)en lK: all things taken owt. 


A Courte held the xx^'' of fiebruary 1(325 beinge present S'r 
ffrancis Wyatt, Knight, Governor &c., Capt. ffrancis West, 
Ca];)t. Roger Smith, Mr. Will'm Cleybourne'# Martin Towner 
s\vorne and examined sayeth, That he this deponent was in 
place when Mr Thomas Swyfte and Thomas Delamaior(14) did 
p'fect upp a reckoning Betweene them. At w'ch tyme the saide 
Thomas Delamaior did allow Mr Swyfte thirtie pownd weight 
of Tobacco for a dept dew to Vincentia Castillion and tenn 
]niv, nde of Tobacco for Capt. Nortone And ye saide Mr Sw>^te 
did Acknowledge there remayned due to the said Thomas Dela- 
maior ffortie weight of Tobacco and one barrell of come w'ch 
Mr Swyfte did p'mise to pay unto him 

(,11) On March 4, 1G2S, Thomas Delamajor, joiner, had a lease of three 
ai;!\ s at floos- Hill on James City Island. 

ram jtmi 


Thomas Pricharde(15) swome and Examined sayeth y' one '■ '" 
Sondye nyght the xix*'' of ffebniary 1625, Tho Leicester cominge 
in about one hower w'thin night, fallinge in question aboute 
Tobacco that Mr Docter Pott should owe to Roger Stanley, ' 

Leyster said y* Mr Docter did nott owe the said Stanley so much 
Tobacco as he said he did, Stanley said he lyed & themppon '" 

Stanley drew owt his hanger, and then Leyster took Another ' ■'''^'' 
swoorde, but neither of them did then strike, after y* Leyster ' ''•"''*' 
laid dov/ne his swoorde. And then Stanley struck at him w'th 
his hanger at his head, and Leyster defended it w'th a Jugg he ''^ 

had in his hande, And after did sett downe ye Jugg And close 
w'th Stanley to wrench his hanger owt of his hand. And in 
striving w'th him Leyster tooke hold of his hanger and broke 
it off w'th a handfull of the hilte, Ande \v'th ye blade of ye 
hanger w'ch he kept in his hand, cutt the said Stanley one the 
arme, w'ch hanger was a back swoorde. 

Elias Gale aged 25 years or therabouts beinge examined 
affirmeth as much in efTect as Tho. Prichard hath formerly said 
uppon his oath 

Y* is (ordered y' Mr Thomas Weston shall presently give 
Sufficient securitie to Mr Thomas Crispe to pay him at his 
howse at Kickotan w'thin this xx days five hundred and Three- 
score weight of ye best m'rchantable Tobacco in leafe, And to" 
deliver to ye said Mr Crispe heere at James Cyttie xxx s. in 
money and the Gynger w'ch by a former order of Courte he was 
ordered to do, And to cary Mr Crispe his Byskett w'th his caske 
and chest down to Kickotan gratis. 

Y' is ordered y' Mr Edward Nevell shall enter into bonde to 
Mr We stone for the payment of ye three hundred and thirtie 
weight of Tobacco as by an order of Courte dated ye xix*'' of 
December 1625 it was ordered y^ he should pay to the said Mr 
Weston conceminge Mr Crispe his damages for his Tobacco 
spoyled at Canada. 

(.15) Thomas Pritchard, aged 28, Thomas Lester aged 33, and Roger 
Stanley, aged 27, all of whom came in the Abigail in 1020, were among 
"Dr. Pott's men" at the Main near Jamestown 1G24-5. 


John Webb sworne and examined sayeth that he herd George 
MedcalfedG) saye y*^ Mr Hays offered to lett him have the man 
Ashore with him, \A'ch the said George Medcalfe then refused, 
Then a weeke after this George Medcalfe came againe to Mr 
Hays to demand tlie, and Mr Hays told him he had in- 
quired further of it And now I am otherwise minded, Yet at the 
last Mr Hays told George Medcalfe sayinge \vell so I may have 
my Tobacco w'thin this six d'yes I will deliver the man unto 
you ashore. 

Roger Sanders sworne and examined sayeth y' on mond'ye the 
xvi^'' of Januar}^ he came to James Towne and told Mr Hayes 
that [he] had brought his Tobacco from George Medcalfe his 
m'r. Mr Hayes answered this deponent that no matter you 
are come to late your m'r is not like to have the man, And w'thin 
two d'yes after this deponent went w'th Mr Waters abourde 
Mr Hayes and did tender the Tobacco, but Mr Hayes would 
not receave it 

William Douglas Sworne and examined sayeth the boatswain 
of ye shipt x x x [illegible] did tell this deponent y' he had 100 of 
il'yshe of his own in the store besides the cargo some p't wherof 
ye said boatswaine said he bought of one Mr Maurice Thompson 
and that the other p'te was given him by one Mr Lee a country- 
man of his 

i'\u-ther he sayeth y* the boatswaine being sent ashore w'th the 
shipps boate by tempest &' weather drove ashore so that they 
could not gett abourde againe. But by whose neclect this de- 
jjonent knoweth nott, And about two dayes after when the 
boatswaine came abourde againe Mr Reyner m'r of the shipp 
cliided him and said he should nott go home in the shipp, So 
>-e boatswaine the next day went owt of the shipj) and packt 
upp his Cloathes and went ashore. 

John Daw [or Dare] sworne and examined sayeth y* cominge 
f:shore w'th the boatswaine goinge for some liquor The nmdletts 

(10) Ceurgf Mcdcalfc's "Muster" at Elizabeth City 1621-5, included 
himself a;,;i'd 10, Sara Medcalfe a-ed 30, who came in the Ilopcurll 1021, 
and Joan a child. 

jif>(UoG rmaifiV/ 


were filed and brought to the boate so as they might have gone 
abourde yf the boatswaine had been there, but his stayinge 
half an hower or therabouts the ebb beinge farr spent and the 
yce [ice] cominge so stronge drove the boat agrounde and by 
that meanes they could nott gett abourde in two d'yes after 
John Burstock and Andrew Snelling sworne and examined de- 
pose to the same effect 

(To be continued) 

To ;,fR :•:(>!.}. 

vttely to ac'-.'uTur y-y^ oi 

' Oi 


,^; U.1', 



(From his letter book in the Collection of the Virginia Historical 



To Mr North 

Virginia May y'-' 10*'' 1G86 

This Serves onely to acquaint you of our wellfare & give you 
thankes for your kindnesse to my Son, w''' I hope you will con- 
tinue. I hope by this time m' Brain & you have Settled all 
affairs relateing to T. C. Estate. You shall Suddenly hear from 
mee by or Small irish man(l) I got from Potomac by whom I 
designe you ab^ 80 H^^ of Tobo & shall then draw a bill on you 
for 100 &od pounds for i-um & Sugar I bought of him else could 
not have had y fraight. My Sendee to all friends, from 

Yo^ reall frd & Serv' 
W B 

I'ray Send mee by y'' first [opportunity] easy Sumer Boots for 

Selfe. m'' Coe I believe can give 

you a measure or Cap* Bradly 

if not come away allso a 

Wedding ring 20' price 1 Sih^er 

thimble & bodkin E P 

1 Set Shirt Buttons m'kd R H 
1 o m^ North ti^ Booth 

(1) "Small Irishman," i. e., a small Irish ship. 


To Edward Braine 

Virg'a May y^ 10"' 168(5 

This I hope will find you Safely arrived at youi- desired Port, 
where (I doubt not) you have composed all affairs, by payinir 
m'' North his due according to yo'' obligacon & promise w'' i 
shall bee glad to hear. All our friends in health ; onely my Aunt 
hath been much troubled at a report of your Deatli w'' was 
generally spread abroad in these parts. I suppose you will 
Suddenly recieve all yo'' Tobacco, there being now no want of 
fraight; Remember mee to all our friends not forgetting m'' 
Kennon & yo'' Brother. I wish you health & a safe retume & 

Yo'' loveing Cozen 
W B 
To m' EdW* Braine 

:■.) Mciy 

: :-; ir,A;lv S ^^ JOHN ClINTON Jf, ..,,,- ^,.v. K<,.,'iu,-<t, 

Virginia May y« 2Q^^ 16S(j 

According to your desire I have herewith Sent you an Indian 
Habitt(2) for your Boy, the best I could procure amongst our 
Neighbour Indians, there is a flap or Belly Clout 1 p"" Stockings 
& 1 p'' Mocosins or Indian shoes allso Some shells to put about 
his neclce & a Cap of Wampum I could not gett any dyed Hair, 
w*" wouKl have been better & cheaper these things are put up in 
an Indian Baskett, directed as you desired, there are a Bow & 
arrows tyed to itt, I hope they will come Safe, & find you at yo' 
desired porte in health. I am Sorry I was not So fortunate to 
See you ere yo"" departure; You formerly devised mee to Som 
Books & promised you would procure y'm I therefore intreat 
you to Send mee a treatise or two of Mineralls & Stones tiie 

(2) (lifts of various sorts were constantly being exchanged bi'tween 
Virginia and England. One may easily imagine the delight of a little 
English boy at receiving such an outfit, though probably his descendant 
who knew Cooper would have been still more pleased. 

viioi oT 

'm oT 

•^)nl •ic> Z: 



fittest you find for my purpose either of m' Boyles or any other 
Enghsh Author, allso Salmons Polygraphice the last Edition, 
& if you can conveniently, I pray you Send mee Some Samples 
of Oare, especially of Lead, tin or Silver, for our ignorance 
therein hath made us neglect. Some things w^ I conceive might 
bee of Value; S*" I beg your pardon for imposing this trouble, & 
assiu-e you if I can any way Serve you here, you may freely 


Yo^ reall frd & Servant 
If you Send pray Send by Some of the (first) James River ships. 
To m"^ Jn'o Clinton %^ Sinclare 

,v(r v'.a.i;.": ; ;"^ To Mr North 

Virg'a Ult'o May 1686 

1'liis onely Serves to accompany the Unity Jn'o Sinclare M 
by whom I have Sent you 79 H'''* of Tobacco w"' one H^" & a 
Banx-ll of furres, w^ I hope will come Safe to hand. Pray if 
]jossilDle procure mec a tailor for mine is allmost free One years 
tailors worke in my family is more then a tailor can bee worth. 
Send mee in ab' ten or a do'z Suits of Ser\'ants Cloths ready 
made for a try all, allso one large Clo. Campaigne Coat ab*^ 30^ 

I hope you will dispatch Bradly betimes for here is likely hood 
of forward Crops, Pray give my best respects & Scrvcie to all our 
friends, 8c accept the Same from 

Yo'^ reall friend & Serv' 
W B 

I have charged 152£ on you payable to m'' Rich'^ Reeve allso 
a note on you for 40^ to m' Jn'o Sinclare there is I believe a 
mistake in y'^ n'o of h'''* of tob'o on board I reckon there should 
bee 78 PP''* if y oLlier is found on board Jn'o Sinclare will de- 
liver it you 
To nV North %^ Sinclare 



To Perry and Lane 

Virg'a P'o June 1686 

This Serves onely to give you an acco' of our Wellfares & y* 
our trade of planting goes forward apace, there is great likely- 
hood of early Crops, if the ships are as forward you may have 
Tob'o timely enough; No news as yet of Hasteds comeing ab* 
onely his sloops one in this river takeing in Tob'o so I Suppose 
hee will not bee long after this. I hope you will bee mindfull to 
procure mee an Apprentice Youth for I am in great want, not 
else but respects & Service to all fr"*" fro'm 

Yo^ fr'' & Sei-v^ 

W B 
I have charged yesterday 15£ on you payable to Charls Mory- 
Pray Send mee y'' things hereunder mencon'd 

Trade Invoice Booke 
To m'^'* Peny & Lane p Sinclare 
Postscript June 2'^ 
Yo* \t^ Radiden just come to hand & thanke you for y'^ Salt 
v/''' came ojDertunely I being in great want, the stockings I had 
were no: wost'd 

To Perry & Lane 

Virg'a July y« 8 1686 

Haveing no notice of Hasted Saileings I could not by him 
write to _vou, but m'' P'"" Perry tells mee hee vSent you a bill of 
Ladeing for 24 H^** of Tobacco I had on board him I did hope 
by him to have Sent you Some furs & skins but hee not Sending 
for them & Cap* Tibbets rideing So remote could not without 
great inconveniency fetch them they must lye till Gadsden, who 
(as m'' P'' Perry tells mee) hath promised a little before hee Sails 
to Send for them by w''' time I hope to have more. No News 
as yet of Wyn, wee hear hee was not at Barbados y'^ 18"' of May 
so know not when to expect him. Here is great indeavo" for 



mighty Crops, but yet know not what may bee y'' Event : I can 
not imagine what this trade will come too Since as wee increase 
there will bee certainly greater quantity of Tob'o made but the 
case hath been the Same these 40 or 50 years. I could wish 
wee had Some more certain Commodity to rely on but see no 
hopes of itt. Your Duffeilds this year proved indifferent onely 
narrow & Some too light a blew the. plains Stark naught the 
Hoes much lesse this year then last & will Scarcely Sell, the 
Kettles I formerly mention'd; Beads you Sent mee large white 
instead of Small. I can by no means put them of, Pray (if its 
not too late) Send mee none but Small white this year, all others 
a drug. I formerly charged G0£ on you ^ Exchange payable 
to m'' P"" Perry, w''' please to pay accordingly. My best re- 
spects & Service to all our friends & please to accept the Same 
your Selves from 


Yo' reall fr'* & Serv* 
W B 
To m" Perry & Lane i3 Tibbet 

, _^, To Arthur North / 

Virg'a July y« 8"' 1686 

My last to you was by Sinclare with 77 H'^^ of Tob'o, 1 H'* & 
1 Barrell of furs w'*" I hope is come Safe to yo'' Hands have little 
now to adde onely acquaint you of our Wellfare, & y*' I daily 
Expect to hear from you by Wyn, I am Sorry I could not hear 
from you by the last ships, though I long Since rec^ an Acco' 
of y Booths Yenditia from others, desire you to bee more 
p'ticular how the m'"ket of furs & Skins goes, by all oppertunity 's. 
My Service to all our friends m"" Coe his Lady m'' Cower Ct'a. 
Hope next year to See you, In the meantime pray accept mine 
w"' my wives best respects & Service from 

Yo^ reall fr-^ & Serv' 
W B 
To m^ Arthur North ^ Tibbets 



To Sadleir and Thomas, Barbadoes 

Virg'a 8 b^ y 18"' 1G86 

Yo''* 5j^ Jacob Green & Wynne came Safe to hand w*'' what 
Goods you Sent . The white Sugar very bad. I bought better 
here at 19^ & 6^ ^ C the Limejuice was not worth one farthing, 
all y" rest of y" Goods very dear, as all others affiiTne that had 
goods from Barbados at that time I doubt not but you will hear 
of itt largely from others. Our designe was to have Sent y* 
ship immediately backe to you with Corne, pipe staves Cf* but 
the Sickness of Wyn & all his men hath occasioned a long Stay, 
& I fear lost his market. However I desire hee may bee im- 
mediately dispatch'd from Barbados, least hee allso loose his 
Voyage to Maderas, his wheat is now all ready, & wee designe 
shall bee at one place ere his returne. I desire you to Send mee 
the Goods underwritten, but j^ray lett y" rum Mellasses & Sug'' 
bee all in Barrells, w'*' are much fitter for Sale here then great 
Caskes. You will recieve herewith from mee 12 H*^" of Come 
8 Barrells of flower & ab* 2500 pipe staves, what they will come 
to I know not. I beg pardon now, my family being very Sicke 
with the Small Pox but hope to have oppertunity to write more 
largely hereby if not have desired Cap'' Randolph to take my 
bills of Ladeing: 

The negros proved well, but two of them have the Small pox 
w''' was brought into my family by the Negro's I reed from 
Gambo; not else at present but with best respects take leave 

Yo' Hiunble Servant 
Wm Byrd 
I desire these following Goods to bee Sent on my p'ticular Acco* 

1200 Gall'ns Rum 

3000 S Muscovado Sugar 

1 BaiTell of white, ab* 2^ lett it bee better then last year 

2 Tun of Mellasses 

1 Caske Limejuice, 2 lb. Ginger 
To Mess" Sadleir & Thomas 

merch*^^ In Barbados ^ Wynn 


'i^iii '■•>u jy>)il .»v/»j 

'fr ;cKi{nni) 


''"' To Perry and Lane t^.^' ai 

9 b^y*^ lO*'' 1686 

I miss'd the oppertunity of writeing ^ Gadsden, hee haveing 
(notwithstanding his reiterated promises to m"" P"" Perry) left 
out all my fmres & skins, Six H'^'' whereof w^^^ 26 H''^ of Tobacco 
I hope will come Safe to yo"" Hands herewith; I have been miglity 
unhappy in the Negros by Cap* James, m' Hartwell Stopping 
the ship at Towne, m-" P^ Peiry m'' Harrison & himselfe lotted 
them there, & kept the ship 3 or 4 days in bitter cold weather; 
all y* had y^ Small pox (itt seems) hapned into my lott one dyed 
on board, & another in y-' Boat, my people that went for y'm 
caught the distemper & brought itt into my family, whereof 
poor m^^ Brodnax(3), & 3 of my Negros are allready dead, & 
ah' fifteen more beside my little daughter have them. Pray 
God put a Stop to itt, for I have allready cause to repent I ever 
was concem'd in James, I alh^'ays understood they were to bee 
deliver'd att Swinyards, & not for one mans convenience to nm 
the Hazard of y^ Whole, but now there's no help for itt. 

No news as 3^et of Hall, by that time the Booth goes out hee 
may bee here (if hee bee well) God Send hee may. Hee hath 
ever been a Charge & disappointment to us, I wish I was fairly 
rid of him. Tobacco proves generally good this year & bright 
(especially the fonvard) of w''' I must not expect much. My 
Goods (if they come at all) will bee for a latter market t. I reed 
15 Negros from James beside one dy'd in the Boat & one (they 
Say) dyed on board w'' was design'd for mee therefore hope I 
s]iall bee charged no more than I reed alive from on board. I 
hope the new ship you intend may prove more Successfull then 
any of those I have hitherto been concerned in. The Booth 
(I suppose) may Saile ab* y« P' of next moneth, & Cap' Bradly 

(3) Mr.s. Brodnax was Mary, daughter of Wm. Skerme of Henrico, 
and wife of John Brodnax of the same county. Her husband was probably 
in England and during his absence she was living in the family of Wm. 
Byrd. John Brodnax (who according to a deposition) was born in IGGS, 
must have married again as he died in 1719, leaving five children. 




ab' y*-" middle, therefore shall not trouble you farther att present 
but remain 

Yo^ fv" & Serv* 

W B 
If you have not Sent mee any Small white Beads, pray Send 
mee by the 1^*^ oppertimity 2£ Lett them bee vSmall or none m"" 
Herberts V^ bill for £50 Sent Herewith 
To m''" Perry & Lane 
li^ James 

To Mr North 

Virg'a 9 b^ y^ 22^'^ 1686 

This Serves onely to give you a Acco* of y® rec* of yo''-'' ^' 
Bradly & Ruds C*a with what goods you Sent by the former. 
Cap* Bradly I Suppose will Saile within ten days, therefore shall 
now inlarge these being chiefly to accompany the Booth with the 
inclosed bill of Ladeing for 20 H^'' of Tobacco, w'*' I hope will 
prove well. My Service to all our friends, hope to vSee you by 
tlie latter Ships, in the interim Remain 

Yo-- reall fr^ & vServ' 
W B 
The Contents of y" 20 H''^* follows 
To m'' North t^ Booth 

To Perry and Lane 

Virg'a (9 bO the 29t»' 168() 

My last to you by James with what Sent by him I hope ere 
this is come Safe to your hands, Since w'' I have rec' yours '^ 
Hall, Culpeper & Ruds, with what you Sent ^ the 2 former, I 
suppose none here concern's will bee wanting to Halls dispatch; 
but fear it will bee Jan'ry before hee Sails. My Tobacco will 
bee all on board within ten days, hee complains the want of 
sloops will bee a great hinderance to him. I could wish the 
new ship in, where shee will not faile of a ready dispatch, hope 






it may not bee |ong first. Here hath been a prety large Crop 

t but greedily bought up, I thinke Tobacco generally much 

brighter then last year, wish there was any prospect of a 
good market; I am sorry an>' private discourse here (for 
writeing I doe not find my Selfe concem'd) should bee so 
ill represented, as to give you that occasion of resentment 
you Seem to expresse in your postscript ^ Morgan, & if 

'1,, ■,,., wee did (at this distance) misapprehend the measures you 
tc/oke I hope the error may bee pardonable, the most I remember 
past for my part, that Some ships had been formerly brought 
to London, when they might have foimd a better market in 
Holland, whither they were'd, or Somev/hat to that 
purpose, & heard not a word of itt Since till y*" rec'' of yo'''* but 
of this enough; I & m)' wife must alh^'ays acknowledge our 

\', :; Selves infinitely oblidged to you & good Mad'm PeiTy for yo"" 
extroardinary kindnesse to our daughter Susan. Aly family 
continues yet ill, with the Small pox but (hope in God) the 

liiclt) worst is past, My Service to all frds Sz please to accept y" Same 

nava' yo'" Selves from , ;. .^ 


o. ••■ — Yo^frd&Serv« 

■' • "■ W B 

t ; v'\ ' Being now from home I cannot Send you James 2'^ bill of Lade- 
ing: nor Herberts 2'' bill of Ex'a but inclosed is another of Her- 
berts for £5. 16^ 07 St'g. 
To Mess^" Perr>^ & Lane ^ Bradly 


Virg'a 9 b^ y 29"' 1686 

This accompanys Cap' Bradly by whom I have sent you 100 
H'''' of Tobacco, w'^' hope may come well to Hand & find a better 
market then wee dare exjject at present the Tobacco (I fear not) 
but will prove much brighter then last year. You may act 
with the ship I presume, as you find most convenient for the 
owners interest, provided it bee no prejudice to her forwardnesse 
next year, Ime sure you cannot find fault with us for her dis- 
patch this. 


' .bnefloH 
-u ,38oq*Tfrq 

d«5di •"»^ 


I have been under Some trouble lately, It haveing pleas'd i^e 
God to afflict my family with Small pox, of w'*' m'''* Brodnax 
& 3 of my old negro's dyed, & ab'' 20 more beside my little 
daughter have gone through that foul distemper. My little 
Girle (I thanke God) is well recoverd & no Signe of them, the 
worst I hope is past, I made use of Bradlys Docto'' & have 
charg'd a l)ill on you payable at Sight for £10 w''^ hope you'l 
hono^ My Bro Tom being (as hee writes mee) free next Spring V'' 
is earnest with mee for the Legacy left him by my Uncle, there- 
fore I desire you (if Tob'o will raise the mony) to pay it him. 
All fr'ds here in health & retume thanks for your kind token, 
w''' is intended to be disposed of According to your desire, 
whereof you may expect an Acco* hereafter. Pray give my 
Sendee to all our friends, & accept the same to 3^o''selfe & Lady 

Yo"" assiued frd & Serv' 
W B 
Inclosed is a bill on you from Cornelius Dabany for £87. 10\ 
jjayable lo mee, of w'** I doubt not yo'' acceptance. 


Virg'a Xb^ y« 30"^ 1686 

This accompany 's Cap* Hall by whom I have Sent you 80 
H**« of Tobacco, w'^ was all I could get fairly on board him 
without disobliging others, that had allways Ship'd there, w''^ 
I was unwilling to doe, not knowing what occasion there might 
bee to use them hereafter; Ime Sure I want fraight very much, 
hope the new ship & Burrell may help mee. Wee have done 
what wee could to dispatch Hall, & tliinke (all things consider 'd) 
hee hath done indifferently well, I must confess 'tis somewhat 
strange to mee to find others that have not had So ready a dis- 
patch, & goe out at an under fraight, & yet (to my knowledge) 
gain mony for their owners, whilst Hall (with all those advan- 
tages) brings his in debt, but shall refer this till I see you, which 
hope (God willing) may bee this next Spring: I find Some mis- 
take in the Goods ^ Hall (Vizt) a Small box of Gun Lock's & 
flints, pack'd in a H"^"' & Said (in your Package bill) to bee 



Grocery, but I doe not find my Selfe charged for them, by the 
next you may expect the Contents, w''' I yett know not, shall 
not trouble you farther at present, but with humble Service 
take leave, I am 

,,. ,, ,, ,; Yo'frd&Serv* 

W B 
Inclosed is m^ Herberts two 2^^ bills of Ex'ea for £55. 16-\ 07''. 



I wrote to you ab* a moneth Since p Bradly w''^ hope by this 
time w*'" w* Sent ^ him may bee come to your Hands, this Serves 
onely to cover the inclosed bills of Ex'ca & informe you of our 
wcllfare, designing this day (God willing) to remember all our 
friends with yo^ kind token, at Caj)* Randolphs, where you v, ill 
not bee forgotten; Aly Sen'ice to m^=^ North &- all our friends 


Yo'' frd & Servant 

Wm Byrd 
Corn: Dabany's 2^ bill for £37. 10^ 
ffran: Poythres ]«' bill for 25. 15. 

(To be Continued) 


VIRGINIA IN 1680. 139 


(Abstracts by W. N. Sainsbury, and copies in the McDonald 
and Dejarnette Papers, Virginia State Library.) 


May 2, 1680 About 5 leagues from the Capes 
Thos. Lord Culpeper, Governor of Virginia to [W. 
Blathwayt?] After a most tedious passage of eleven weeks 
and two days, full of death, scurvy and calentures they have 
arrived within soundings of Virginia. Complains of the un- 
warrantable supine remisness of Capt. Young in the Hired James 
and the inconveniencies if he be not come; thought he had sailed 
before the Oxford Frigate. Perceives he has but few friends 
at the Council board, by the late extraordinary way of proceed- 
ing which he will never acquiesce in. Left the greatest part of 
his servants in the James. Has reason to apprehend, and fears 
too not for the true interest of the Country, that the Building 
and Cantonizing Act exploded last year on the first hearing — 
The Bearer Capt. Jeffryes of the Golden Fortune assures him 
all is \vell in the Country both as to Indians and every thing 
else. Does not hear any one is dead there — Begs the James, 
but with another Commander, may be dispatched, if not gone 
already — Is told no Assembly hath sat which he looks upon as a 
good omen. 

(Colonial Papers. 2 pp.) A copy of this letter is entered in 
Col. Entry Bk. No. 80. pp. 377-379.) 

[About May 1680?] 

Petition of Robert Jones(I) of Charles City County 

in Virginia to the King — Sets forth his loyalty during the 

(1) This is an instance, and no doubt there were many other examples, 
where a poor man who had been a Royalist, came to Virginia on account 
of the troubles of the Civil War. "Cavaliers" were of all grades of 

C*I , .. .umo«v 


t^a'i^ ion V 

...■3cno biM>a 
?e .qq .08 .oW -Xfl xi)n3 .loO 


time of the unhappy troubles in England, & the many wounds 
he their received ; that he was taken prisoner by the said Rebels 
& ]3y them banished & sold into Virginia: that he was seduced 
into the late rebellion in Virginia but returned to his obedience 
to the Govern* & served under Colonel Epes, but was after- 
wards seized by Gov. Berkeley's warrant, tried & brought in 
guilty of treason & sentenced to Death. Prays for pardon & 
forgiveness for his Rebellion free of charge being very poor and 
that his poor estate may not be taken from him. 
(Colonial Papers. 1. p.) 

[About May 1680?] 
Colonel Francis Moryson to [William Blathwayt?] 
In favour of the petition of a poor man the only person saved of 
all those condemned in Virginia [Robert Jones of Charles City 
County, see his petition] by his own & Lady Berkeley's means. 
Has been expecting some general Act of Grace, hoping to get 
his name inserted to save his fees; but now Lord Culpeper is 
going to Virginia [he sailed in May 1680. W. N. S.i; conceives 
he will carry an Act of Oblivion with him, which will be as 
IDroper at this time for that Meridian as it was formerly for 
England and if it should be omitted he fears there will always 
be trouble there. It will be an act of charity to save the life 
of the poor man. 

(Colonial Papers. L p.) 

May 19, 1680 

Mem. concerning the Revenue — The Surveyor and Audi- 
tor of the Revenue or his Deputy are obliged to examine and 
audit all accounts of rents, revenues, prizes, fines, escheats, 
forfeitures, duties & other profits whatsoever in the Governm* 
and to cause the same to be recovered and paid to the proper 
Oflicers, And an account of all monies to be transmitted into 
England— as the Letters Patent of 19 May 1680 direct. 

(Colonial Papers, see 20 Nov. 1709.) 


' - VIRGINIA IN 1680. 141 

June 8, 1680 

Answer of the Assembly of Virginia to Governor Lord 
Culpeper's Speech demonstrating the state of Affairs in rela- 
tion to the Indians and other things (concerning the late Re- 
bellion lie.) contained in his Excellency's Speech at the be- 
ginning of this General Assembly. 

Indorsed "ReC^ from the Earl of Sunderland 17 Sept. '80. 

(Colonial Papers. 2 pp.) 

James City June 8, 1680 
Certificate signed by Nicho; Spencer Sec'y by order of 
the Council and by Tho : Ballard, vSpeaker of the Assembly 
certifying to his Majesty that the sum of £300 is legally due to 
Lady Berkeley as Executor to her deceased husband Sir William, 
as well by virtue of his royal instructions as by Act of Assembly 
for his Salary having duly exercised the office of Governor from 
10 Feb'y to 6 May 1677. 
(Colonial Papers. 1 p.) 

Virginia June 8, 1680 
Order of the General Assembly begun at James City 
the 8 June 1680. That Colonel Cuthbcrt Potter (2) be paid 
by M' Auditor out of the Impost of 2^ per hogshead the sum of 
£103. 3° sterling with interest after the rate of six per cent per 
ann. from March 1073 for the freight of forty four great guns 
with powder and shot for this Colony — 1 p. Indorsed. Rec'' 10 
Aug. 1688. 

(Colonial Papers, see 20 June 1688.) 

June 30, 1680 
The King to the Governor of Virginia — That he give all 

(2) Col. Cuthbert Potter was a justice of Lancaster 1C56, and high 
sheriff of Middlesex 1GS2. He was a mercliant and jjlanter and died in 
1G91. His will which bear.s an aniorial seal and was proved in Middlesex 
June 20, IG'Jl, bequeaths his estate to Ralph Womieley and Christopher 
Rohman, and frees his servant Richard Baldwin, to whom he gives £5, 
his silver tobacco box and wearing apparel. He desciibes himself as 
"late of the: Colony of Virginia and at present arrived and being in the 
Island of Barbados, Gent." He had gone to Barbados in his own sloop, 
the Ilopeivvll. 


^>nu'i OS .'iOg .?. 


such assistance as shall tend to the more easy execution of the 
Office of Surveyor and Auditor of the Revenue and take care 
that justice be duly administered in all cases concerning the 
same — To direct the payment of Salary appointed by Letters 
Patents. To give in charge to all persons concerned in the 
management of the revenue to observe such directions as they 
shall receive from the said Auditor or his Deputy — And that 
they transmit unto him the particular account of the whole 
revenue of what nature soever it be. 
(Colonial Papers, see 20 Nov. 1679.) 

June 30, 1680 

The King to the Auditor of Virginia — That he transmit 
to the Sur\^eyor and Auditor General all accounts of money and 
to follow such other directions as shall be given him by the 
Lords of the Treasury or by the Sun-eyor and Auditor General. 

(Colonial Papers, see 20 Nov. 1679.) 

July 5, 1680 i; 

Lords of the Treasury to the Governor of Virginia — 
Requiring hiin to take care that all accounts be transmitted 
for tlie time past and for the future every six months or oftener 
and Duplicates by the next Conveyances with copies of all 
Laws concerning the Revenue. 

(Colonial Papers, see 20 Nov. 1679.) 

July 5, 1680 

The Lords of the Treasury to the Auditor of Virginia — ■ 
That he send the Surveyor General every six months or oftener 
a distinct account of all the Revenue and of all arrears with 
copies of all Papers concerning this Office witli a Ledger Book 
of all persons answerable to the King for any rents or payments. 

(Colonial Papers, see 20 Nov. 1679.) 

Green Spring Va. July 8, 1680 
Proclamation by Governor Lord Culpeper repealing six 
Acts of Assembly vi/.: — of free pardon— of attainder — inflicting 
pain and penalties — for relief of persons v/ho suffered loss by the 

VIRGINIA IN 1680. 143 

late Rebels — concerning servants who were out in Rebellion — 
iSr for delivery of stray horses; his Majesty finding them unfit 
to be lon^t- r continued having commanded the repeal of all of 
them. On the indorsement are some mem. by Lord Culpeper 
as to the supposed discovery of diamond and copper mines at 
Rappahannock and silver mines near Boston. 
(Colonial Papers, 1 p.) 

Letter from Col. Spencer to M"" Sec. Coventry. 
Received 17'^ Sep^ 1680. 
(Full Copy) 
Right Hon'ble 

It is near six months since I gave Your Honor the trouble of a 
Letter, I then informed y'' honor an Assembly was suddenly to 
sit summoned by His Excel'cie the Lord Culpeper the Results 
of whose consultations as it is my duty I herewith send Your 
Honor being several Acts and Orders together with an Address 
to His Most Sacred Ma'ty imploring his grant for a Cessation 
from planting Tobacco in the Year 1681 a request which seems 
to Lear sucli a dimunition in His Ma'ties Customs in that Year, 
that it may be feared it carrys with it its own denial, tho' for its 
immoderatciiess We are so unhappy to have to plead our most 
imj)ortant necessities. Tobacco our sole Manufacture, and by 
which hitherto this Countr}^ only subsisted, but now by its 
excessive cjuantities made, is so under foot that it will be impos- 
sible for the Lihabitants longer to support themselves thereby, 
unless his Ma'ty will be graciously pleased to injoin a Cessation 
and thereby lessen the quantity and consequently advance, the 
price, by which we may not only hope for that good, but by that 
Years employment in other affairs our people may be futurely 
encouraged to direct part of their labors in the carrying on some 
other Manufactures and not solely depend upon that uncertain 
Commodity Tobacco which at present is so low that a AVhole 
Year's crop will not advance to any ordinary Price whereby 
meanly to clothe themselves, and it is to be feared another year 
will bring Us to a more deplorable condition, there being now 
upon the ground the greatest crops that have been known which 


.fmH «3TT3wI 



i OJ 


when furnished together with what now remains in the Country 
will be as much if not more than the Ships will carry off in two 
succeeding Years from which it doth consequently follow if a 
Cessation be not, the next years labor will be totally spent in 
vain. We are now grown sensible that our present necessities 
and too much to be doubted future miseries are much heightened 
by our wild and Rambling way of living therefore are desirous 
of cohabitation, in Order whereunto in the late Assembly an 
Act was made appointing a Town in e\'-ery County where all 
goods imported are to be landed and all goods exported to be 
ship't off. And if this takes effect as its hoped it may Virginia 
will then go forward which of late years hath made a retrograde 
motion, especially if His Ma'ty would be graciously pleased to 
grant immunities thereunto. The which we might have hoped 
would be granted if our request were modest for he that begs 
more than is fit to be granted must expect to be denied the whole. 

Our Indians are, and this Simimer have been, of peaceable 
and quiet demeanour to which I am inclinable to believe our 
Garrisons at the heads of the River conduced much, being a 
continual check upon them; the constant keeping of three score 
men and horse in each Garrison was found too heavy a charge 
f()r this Country to bear especially in time of peace the Gamsons 
are therefore reduced to twenty Men and horse to be kept in 
constant pay in each garrison to be as a standing guard to the 
frontiers which upon any pressing occasion may be speedily 
reinforced by the adjacent counties, though I hope may remain 
immolested having made as finn a peace with the Northern 
Indians as with Indians can be concluded. 

Your Honor will receive the State of the Country from the 
Grand Assembly and therefore I shall not give you the trouble 
of more particularities than to tell you, in all respects that His 
Ex'cie hath with so great pmdence setled all the affairs of the 
(.'ountry that our late differences, Interests, are perfectly united 
to the General Satisfaction of all His Ma'ties subjects in this 
(x)lony. His Ma'ties soldiers paid off their Quarters discharged 
and all concerns made easy, our only care now being how to ad- 
vance our low and mean Commodity Tol-)acco. 

.BXIXAOAM JAOlMtitZni A\Ali)»tr HI 


VIRGINIA IN 1680. 145 

His iixcellency with the advice of the Council the seventh 
of this ]]ionth adjourned the Assembly to the fifteenth of Feb- 
uary their to meet if any commands of His Ma'ty shall require. 

I am so straightened in point of time, this Ship giving me but 
two days liberty after the adjournment of the Assembly for all 
dispatches, I must humbly beg Your Honors pardon for omis- 
sions which by the next ship shall be perfected and all matters 
fully transmitted to Your Honor from Right Hon'ble. 

Your most humble and devoted servant. 
Nich^ Spencer. 

James City. 1 

July 9'^' 1680. 

The Master of the Ship by whom this Letter comes is so 
I^ressing to be gone that I cannot possibly have the Order of the 
late Assembly transcribed but by the next Ship will send them 
to Your Ma'ty v/ith a Copy of the accompts and another Copy 
of the Acts. 

Nicho: Spencer. 

A tnic Copy teste 

W. Davis. 

Greenspring, Va. Aug. 2, 1680 
Proclamation by Governor Lord Culpeper, commanding 

all Sheriffs to collect his Maj. Quit rents in all and every County 

and Counties of this Colony. 
(Colonial Papers. 2 pp.) 

Virginia, Aug. 3, 1680 
Instructions for the Collection of the 2^ per Hogs- 
head Fort duties and head money to be strictly followed and 
duly observed pursuant to an Order of Council to the same effect. 
Instructions for M'' Auditor Bacon to be by him duly observed. 
(Colonial Papers. 2 pp.) 




Aug. 4, 1680 

The King to the Governor of Virginia — To give with the 
assistance of the Council an account of the state of all Quit 
rents; how received and paid before the Grants under the Great 
seal and how since — To transmit a distinct account of the num- 
ber of acres patented, to what persons, under what acknowledg- 
ments & how collected. To send a Duli)icate of the surveys of 
all such lands from the Surveyor's Office and to make up such as 
are wanting — And generally to furnish all necessary information 
in this behalf. 

(Colonial Papers see 20 Nov. 1679.) 

In the margin is written Postponed. 

Aug 12, 1680 
Lord Culpepers Queries Relating to Virginia — To con- 
cur with Lord Baltim.ore about planting tobacco — Col. Nath- 
' aniel Bacon to be Deputy Governor — how to proceed in the 

^ punisliment of the late insurrection in case Sir Henry Chicheley 

' hath issued our proclamations of pardon in the King's name — 

' about plant cutters being sued — about M'' Sandys hogsheads 

and to consider that the King hath no one man in pay either 
by sea or land. 

(Colonial Papers. 1 p.) 

Letter from M"" Spencer to M'' Sec'y. 
Received 9"' Dec. 1680 
(Full Copy) 
May it please Your Hono'' 

This is a Copy of my last dispatch which went accomjDanied 
with the Acts and Orders of the late Assembly which I now again 
transmit to Your Honor least the former should miscarry. 

As to any new Occurrents I have only this to offer that His 
Exccl'cie the Lord Culpeper is lately sailed from hence tov/ards 
New England and from thence intends for England whose 
hapi)y arrival thither will bring His Ma'ty a most ample and 
satisfactory Infomiation of the State of this Countr\^ I shall 
not {.resume to say more in that particular least I should seem 
to add or Drop to the Ocean or in some sort detract from a 

(.q I .... ,. ... 
-f aan^J 


;^ VIRGINIA IN 1680. 147 

Relation proceeding from His Lo'ps most exact and accurate 


His Ma'ties Bills sent hither by his Lo'p are passed into Acts 
in the late Assembly with some Provisers added to one of them, 
to which it humbly prays the Royal Frit. 

Om- Indians are yet peaceable and I hope may so continue 
they knowing the Guards at the heads of the Rivers in the ob- 
servation of their motions and ready to repress their insolencies 
when soevei- they are offered. 

We have now no fears or disquiets, God be praised for it im- 
pending over Us, unless we may suspect the mutinous humours 
of one of His Ma'tys foot Companys of which S"' H'y Chicheley 
is Captain should disturb our peace. Whence those turbulent 
humors do proceed I cannot certainly resolve, perhaps they are 
grown resty, for want of imployment, or else the known jarrs 
and discontents between the Lieutenant and the Ensigne may 
be the cause. I suspect the last and doubt if that Company or 
Lieutenant be not changed the peace of this country may be 
endangered for the present prevention thereof, his Ex" hath re- 
moved and disperst 32 of the most mutinous among the Garri- 
sons, at the heads of the rivers by which prudent Order they will 
probably less be capable to do mischief. 

The desiilicable and low price of Tobacco inclines the In- 
habitants of this Country to think of Cohabitation as a principal 
mean to abate the quantity of the commodity and amend the 
quality and the late Assembly hath made an Act to that pur- 
pose but I much doubt it may miss its wished Effect if not 
totally miscarry by the multiplicity of places appointed for 
Towns viz' one in each County. But if all things were by His 
Ma'ties Command to ride at one place in every great River and 
in every of those places one town only to be erected the design 
would have the better prospect. 

Right Hon'ble 
Your most humble 
and devoted Servant. 
August 20"' Nicho: vS])encer. 

IG80. A tnie Copy teste 

W. Davis 

t^l flC-if •,', .;v,.:.^TV 

.rrT -^'M 



/ ol 


' binorfs iit.iriquO si 



Whitehall, Oct. 8, 1680 
Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations. 
Letter read from Lord Culpeper to Sec. Coventry dated from 
Virginia 8 July last giving an account that he had passed the 
Laws he had carried over in tcrminis except two provisoes: to 
be further considered. 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 106. p. 206.) 

Whitehall, Oct. 11, 1680 
Minutes of a Com.aiittee of Tr.\de and Plantations. 
Li reference to Lord Culjieper's Letter from Virginia of the 8"' 
Jidy (see Minutes of 8. Oct.)— The first proviso repealing 
former Acts for raising a public revenue approved, but the last 
proviso \y\nch frees the Virginia Owners of ships from the duties 
of 2^ per hogshead and the Castle duties very much disliked. 
Resolved that Draft Order be offered in Cotmcil for confirming 
this Act as it was transmitted under the Great Seal together 
A\itli the proviso for repealing other laws and disallowing the 
exemption of Virginia Owners and that a letter be written by 
the Committee to Lord Culpeper directing him to publish the 
Order and to take care that it be duly obeyed. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 106. p. 210.) 

(To be Continued) 




(Contriljuted by Mrs. N. E. Clement, Chatham, Va.) 

Robert Ferguson. 

On this 22"^* day of August 1832 Personally apeared before the 
court of Pitts, now sitting, Robert Ferguson, a resident of said 
county & State aforesaid, aged Seventy Two years, and made 
the following declaration on his oath — that he entered the Ser- 
vice of the U. S. some time in year 1779 as a Substitute for 
Bazabiel Wier & marched from the County of Pitts, in a Com- 
pany' of Militia commanded by Capt. Witcher to Salisbury in 
the state of N. C. & joined the N. C. Alilitia in that place under 
Colo. Mason, he was stationed there two or three months, then 
marched to Charlotte in said state N. C. & remained at that 
]jlace a few days, they were marched from there, for some time 
in various directions untill they arrived at Stone Inlet on coast 
of S. C. & \\ere stationed near that place until their term of 
service ended, being Six months, that his di.scharge is lost 
anci cannot be found, He does not know any person living that 
was with liim on that tour but the Service rendered is Proved 
l)y Bazabiel AVier who employed him as his Substitute. In the 
Spring 1780 he was emploj'ed by Joseph Terry to assist him in 
driving a Parcel of Cattle into the State of N. C, when they 
arrived at Wilks Court Mouse about the 15"' day of May 1780. 
He again entered the Service of the U. S. as a Volunteer solider 
and marched from the said County of Wilks in state aforesaid 
in a Company commanded by Capt. Wm. Cleveland & joined 
the Regiment commanded by Colo. John Cleveland, that they 
continued marching in various directions Sometimes down the 
Catawba River, not being stationed long at any One Place, they 
were Principally engaged in Searching for, and taking Torys 
untill about the first of October, they returned to said Wilks C. 


H. & were there discharged by Colo. Cleveland. The whole 
of the time rendered on this tour was at least 4 months & 15 
days. His dischart^e is lost and cannot be found. 

About the first of December 1780 he again entered the Sen-ice 
of the united States as a substitute for Wm. Bennett and 
marched from the County of Pitts. State of Va. in a company of 
•drafted Mihtia conimanded by Capt. John Winn to the Island 
Ford on Dan River, from there to the great falls on the said 
Dan River where Danville is now situated, from there they 
marched to the state of N. C. Sc joined the Main Army under 
Gen'l Stephens and Gen'l Lawson. He w^as then trans- 
ferred to a company commanded by Capt. Wm. Dix and 
marched with him in the Army as aforesaid in various directions, 
not being stationed long at any one place, but somethnes 
marched nearly all night, untill they m^et with Lord Comwallis 
in the county of (juilford, when a severe Battle was fought, 
the Amicricans were defeated in that engagement & retreated 
to Troublesome Iron Works near Haw River, where they were 
again organized and m.arched from that place under Gen'l 
Green in Pursuit of the BritiL;h untill they arri\'ed at Ramseys 
Mill on Deep River in state of N. C. He was discharged at that 
Place by Capt. William Dix in month of April 1781 — the 
whole tour of sci-\ace rendered on this tour is at least four months. 
His discharge is lost but his service can be proved by James Ivl. 
Williams, who v/as a soldier with him at same time & place. 

About last of Ap. 1781 he was drafted as a soldier and marched 
from Co. of Pitts, in a Company of Militia commanded by Capt. 
Henry Burnett, thro ?Ialifax Co. to Charlotte C. H. & 
joined the army at that place under Gen'l Lawson, was trans- 
feiTed to a comp'y commanded by Capt. John Buckly, attached 
to the Regiment com^m-anded by Maj'' Puniell; from there was 
marched to Prince Edward C. H. and from there through Cmn- 
bcrland Co. & crossed James River at Carter's Ferry & con- 
tinued to march until they came to Dandridges Old field in 
Hanover County when he ^^'as again transferred to a company 
conimanded by Capt. Wm. Clark. He marched ^\•ith him under 
Maj. Puniell in said Army to a place called Morben Hill about 
17 miles below Rich.; was stationed there several weeks, then 


marched the whole Army under Baron Steuben, Gen'l Green, td 
Stephens and Lawson to Jamestown. A Battle was fought at ,:,{. 
that place, after which they went back to Morben Hill where 
they were stationed until he was discharged by Capt. Wm. 
Clark about last of July 1781. the whole service rendered on > 
this tour was three months his discharge is lost and cannot •)<« 
be foimd but the service Rendered is proved by Leroy Shelton, < c. 
who was a soldier with him in same Companies & at same time, in 

That as soon as he returned home from Ser\^ing the above 
tour, which was in the month of August 17S1 he enlisted with 
Wm. McCraw, who was a Deputy Quarter Master for the 
Southern Army at Peytonsburg, Pittsylvania Co., Va., during 
the war & remained in the service of the U. S., engaged as a 
W9.ggoner driving the public teams under the comjnand of the 
said Wm. McCraw tuitill after the end of the War. The whole 
time service rendered imder this enlistment was at least one 
year. His discharge is lost, but his service can be proved by 
Jas. M. Williams, who was in same service with McCraw. — 
Was born in Co. of Halifax, state of Va., 3^ear 1761. 

Lived in Pitts. Co. when entered the service of U. S. & has 
lived in said Co. ever since. 

Sworn to & subscribed the day & year aforesaid. 

Robert X Ferguson, 


On this 22°'^ day of August, 1832, Personally appeared in open 
court before Dan'l Coleman, Jas. Logan, David H. Clark & 
Wm. D. Pannill, the court of Pitts, now sitting, Abraham Chaney 
a resident of said county, aged 72 yrs. and made following decla- 
ration on his oath — 

That he entered the ser\'ice of the U. S. as a Volunteer Soldier 
in a company of Militia conmianded by Capt. Donaldson, jr., 
Lieut. Moses Hutcliings & Ensign Josej^h Williams, & 
marched from the County of Pittsylvania on the 9"' day of April 
1776 and went thro Franklin Co., crossed the Blue Ridge 


'h vi^b a. 




at i^laj^otty Gap, New River at Englishes Ferry and continued 
on to the Islands of Holston River & was stationed on that 
river in a fort; from that Place, Capt. Donaldson with 15 men 
of Avhom he was one, v;ent out to search for the Cherokee 
Indians, ranging Princij)ally thro' the woods in Various 
directions for about t\\'o Vv'eeks \\hen they returned to the same 
fort where they remained until tlieir tour of duty being for three 
mor.ths expired. V/hen he was discharged by Capt. Donalson 
at that place in the month of July 177G, about 300 miles from 
home making in all the time rendered on this tour including the 
timic to travel home at least 33^2 montlis. 

His discharge is lost or mislaid so that it cannot be found but 
the service rendered is proved 1»}' joslnia Dodson who was a 
soldier with him all the time. 

He again entered the Service of the U. S. as a soldier in a com- 
pany of Militia commanded by the same Capt. John Donalson, 
jr., Lieut. John Gwinn, and marched from the said Pittsylvania 
Co. on 7'^ day of April 1778, went thro' the county of P'^rank- 
lin to Colo. Preston in Montgomery, remained near his House 
a few days and marched from there to Hatfield Fort on Stoney 
Creek near New River in said Co. A'lontgomcry, & A\-as sta- 
tioned at that place under the said (Jfiicers (no other troops 
being there) initil tlie 12"' of Aug. 1778, when he was discharged 
by Capt. Donalson, the time of this tour being four months & 
8 days. His discharge is lost, but proved by John Neal & 
John Farthing, who were soldiers with him at that place. 

In the winter of 1781 he was drafted as a Militia soldier & 
marched from the Co. of Pitts, in a company under the command 
of Capt. Clements, thro the County of Halifax into N. C. to 
Plillsborough and was there taken sick Placed in a Hospital 
near that Place & was confined there two months & 15 days, 
when he hired his Brother Joseph Chancy to take his place — ■ 
Joseph was received as a Substitute for him & he was dis- 
charged from the service being still sick. His discharge is lost 
& cannot be found. 

Relinquishes ])ension in other Rolls of Agency. 

Sworn to & Subscribed the (la\' & year aforesaid. 


Abraham X Chaney. 


retina J 

i^evolltionary pension declarations 153 

Daniel Bradley. 

On 22 day of August 1832, personally appeared in open court 
before David Clark, Wra. L. Pannill, &c., county court of Pitts, 
now sitting, Daniel Bradley, a resident of the Co. of Pitts. & 
made following declaration — 

That he first enlisted and entered the service of the U. S. — as a 
regular soldier in the 1^*- Va. Regt. of Southern Army, was en- 
listed by Ensign Belew in Cumberland County, Va., where he 
then resided, on the P* of Jvdy 1780, engaged to serve for 18 
mo^ and was marched by Capt. Alexander Grothemy from 
Cumberland Co. to Chesterfield C. H., the place of rendezvous 
where he was put under command of Capt. White, whose com- 
mand was attached to the amied force commanded by Col. 
Campbell, Alulenburg — the commanding general, from there he 
marched under the command of Col. Campbell and Capt. Mor- 
ton to Guilford C. H. or its neighborhood & was engaged in the 
Battle of Guilford commanded by Alaj. General Greene. From 
thence after that Battle he marched vmder Colo. Campbell Sc 
Maj. Gen'l Greene and Capt. Morgan, who fell in on the way to 
ninety-six, where he remained 31 days, the whole month of May 
1781. From thence he marched under the same General 
ofJicers, Campbell and Greene, skirmishing & taking by the 
way Scotch lake Fort, Friday's Fort, Thompsons Fort, Augusta 
Fort, the Blockhouse to Camden, where they were stationed for 
10 days. From thence he was marched under the same officers, 
Cai)t. Morgan, Colo. Campbell & General Greene to the 
Eutaw Springs, where on the 8*'' of Sept. 1781 he was engaged 
in that Battle. From there they reconnoitered about that 
Section of the country, checking the enemy, during which tim.e 
they remained several weeks on the High hills of Santee, the 
Place of Rendezvous. From there they were marched under 
Lieut. Greene, Capt. Morgan being wounded at Eutaw Springs, 
to Stone; from thence to Salisbury in N. C. where he was dis- 
charged by. Lieut. Greene. That his discharge is mislaid or 
lost, that he has no documentary evidence to prove the facts 
required. his 

Daniel X Bradley, 



154 virginia historical magazine. , _ ;, 

James Hopkins. 

On this l?"* day of Sopt. personally appeared in open Court 
beiore the Justices of the court of Pitts, now sitting, James 
Hopkins, a resident in the state of Va. in the Co. of Pitts., a^ed 
sixty-seven years on the 22 day of February 1832, who being 
first swom accordin<^- to lav;, doth on his oath make the following 

That he entered the service of tlie U. S. as a Substitute in the 
place of James Hopkins, Sen' sometime in the Spring 1780 and 
m^arched from the Coimty of Amherst Sc State, aforesaid, under 
the Command of Capt. Azariah Martin, Lieu* Wm. Holt, and 

Ensign Leroy, the place of rendezvous was at Plillsborough 

in the State of N. Carolina. After our arrival there \\-e vrere 
transferred to 4"' Reg't Virginia I\iilitia Commanded Vjy Col. 

Lucas from, the County of Mecklenburg, the was 

Commanded by Brigadier Gen. Stevens, from tlie County of 
Culjieper. x\ftcr remaining at Hiilsborcnigh som.e time, for th.e 
purpose of being disciplined, we were ordered to march to S. 
Carolina and join ^^laj. Gen'l IL Gates, Commander in Chief 
of the Southern Anr\- at a place called P-Ugele3''s Mills on tl,e 
morning of the ]'-V' August, rested the Ijalance of the day, and 
10 o'clock at night took up the line of march to Sur],ri;;c the 
eneni}'' before day, v. lio v.cre encamped at Cami)den, who 
marched at the same horn-; the two annies met on the middle 
ground. A Shan) Sk-im.ish lietween the advanced guards took 
place that night (the line was fonned and the men stood imder 
anus all night) — the next morning August the IG*^'' the line was 
ordered to advance and a general engagement took j)lace about 
the rising of the sun, which resulted in a Shameful defeat of the 
Southern Anny. 1'here was no place designated, in the event 
of a defeat, at which we should rendezvous, we had lost all our 
baggage, and Mere destitute of any Clothing, except what little 
we had on. Separated from our ofhcers and no means of Sub- 
sistance, under these appalling circumstances, although Our 
tenn of service was nearly expired, a Considerable number of the 
Company to which I belonged, determined to make the l,>est of 
their way home. After our return to Amherst County, a Court 
of inquiry Convened and made an Order that we should all be 





James Hopkins. 

t On this 17 •'^ day of Sei)t. personally apj^eared in open Court 

( before the Justices of the court of Pitts, now sitting, James 

) Hopkins, a resident in the state of Va. in the Co. of Pitt's., ayed 

I sixty-seven years on the 22 day of February 1832, who 'bJin^ 

first sworn according- to law, doth on his oath make the following 
; declaration. 

That he entered the service of the U. S. as a Substitute in the 

; place of James Hopkins. Sen' sometime in the Spring 17S0 and 

m.arched from the Coimty of Amherst & State, aforesaid, under 

the Command of Capt. Azariah Martin, Lieu* Wm. Holt, and 

Ensign • Leroy, the place of rendez\-ous was at Plillsbor'ough 

m tlie State of N. Carolina. After our arrival there we were 
transfen-ed to 4"' Rc<,^'t Virginia Militia Commanded b^- Col. 

Lucas from tlic Couixty of Alecklenbu.rg, the v.'as 

Commanded by i^rigadier Gen. Stevens, from the Ccur.ty of 

, Culpcper. After remaining at Hillsborough som.e time, for tlie 

purpose of being disciplined, we were ordered to march to S. 

Carolina and join ^Laj. Gen'l H. Gates, Com.mander in Chief 

of the Southern Anvy at a place called Rugeley's Mills on the 

morning of the Li'-' August, rested th.e i^alance of the dav, and 

10 o'clock at night took r.p the line of march to Sur];ri"::e the 

enemy before day, v.lio v.cre encamped at Carnpden, who 

marched at the same hour; the two amiies met on the middle 

ground. A Shaip Slriniiish ljetv.-een the advanced g-aards took 

place that night (the line was formed and tlie men stcjod under 

anns all night)— the next morning August the IG"' the line was 

ordered to advance and a general engagement took place about 

the rising of the sun, which resulted in a Shameful defeat of the 

Southern Anny. I'here was no place designated, in the event 

of a defeat, at uhieh we should rendezvous, we had lost all our 

baggage, and were destitute of any Clothing, except what little 

we had on. Separated fioni our officers and no means of Sub- 

sislance, under these appalling circumstances, althougii (Jur 

tenn of service was nearly expired, a Considerable num.ber of the 

Company to which I belonged, determined to make the l,>est of 

their v/ay home. After our return to Amherst Count)-, a Court 

of inquiry Convened and made an Order that we >:]:ould all be 


sent bade and sen^e a tour of eight months under regular 
Ofticers. We were accordingly mustered and put under the 
Command of Cap't Pamlin who marched us back to Hills- 
borough, where Gen'l Green's army then lay, and we were 
transfeiTed to the Command of a Cap* Graves of Co. of Culpepcr 
who was assigned to take Command of the men sent back from a 
few Other Counties for the same offence. In a short time the 
Army was ordered to march to the South, we passed thro' 
Salhsbury, Charlotte, &c., and about the 1^' of Jan. 1781, we 
took up V- inter quarters on North Side of Peedee river, near the 
Cheraw hills, S. Carolina. 

Sometime in the month of Feb., if my memory is correct.there 
was a general order issued for all married men belonging to the 
eight months' Company as they were called, to be discharged, 
and the young men to be retained, till their temi of service ex- 
pired, this reduced the Company very Considerably. Capt. 
Graves \vas peiTnitted to return home with those men that v^-ere 
discharged, and the balance retained in service were placed 
under the command of a Cap* Webb and Lieut. Webb, who I 
ujidersttKid came from about Richmond in \^irginia. Shortly 
after this Gen'l Morgan defeated Col. Tarlton at a place called 
Cowpens, and took a nimiber of prisoners, and had to m.ake a 
rapid retreat to save them from being retaken by the enemy. 
/\s soon as Gen. Greene received the information, he immediately 
marched oil the Army to Cover Morgan's retreat, and left this 
small Ci-mpany of eight months' men, some of whom were sta- 
tioned at mills to guard them and keep them employed in 
grinding meal and flower for the use of the Army, and some to 
guard the encampment. Finally Capt. Webb received Orders 
to take charge of eight or ten waggons, loaded with meal and 
flower, and about four hundred head of Hogs, and to follow on 
after the Army, and we were in fact, in rear of both armies. 

When we reached Deep river in N. Carolina intending to go 
to Guilford C. H., we there received intelligence that Cornwallis 
was at the place, we then had to change our rout, turned to the 
right, went thro' Hillsborough & Granville County, and 
'crossed the Roanoke river at Taylor's Ferry, near which place 
in the County of Mecklenburg, in State of Va., was a Com- 





missaries Store, where the Cap' delivered the meal, flower Ho.^s 
6cc.. which we protected and brought safe through a part of our 
Countiy t^at at that time was literally speaking in the hands 
of the British and tones. By this time our term of service was 
nearly expired, we were permitted to draw up a Petition & 
' send It on by express to Gen. Greene, stating our situation, that 
we were almost naked, almost worn out with fatigue & pra^' 
ing him to send orders to the Capt to discharge us. which he did 
and ^ve met the express in the county of Halifax, near Banister 
rn-er m State of Va., where the Company were accordingly 
discharged, which was about the P' of March 1781 This dis 
charge has long since been destroyed, he has no documentary 
evidence to prove his service; he claims to have served in the 
whole nine months. 

He hereby relinquishes every Claim whatsoever to a pension 
or ..nnuity. except the present, and declares that his name is not 
on the pension roll of the Agency of any State. 

James Hopkins. 

James Nance. 
_ James Nance, age 70 yrs., on 17 day of Sept. 1832 made follow- 
ing declaration belore oi^en court of Pitts. Co., Va— 

That he was born on 2'' dax- of Feb. 17G2 in the Countv of 
Amelia (now NottowayJ Va., according to his Father's Register 
which IS not m his possession; that he entered the service of the 
U . S. as a drafted Soldier on the 9^^ day of Februarv 1779 under 
Capt. Wm. Fitzggerald, Lieut. Charles Irby, Ensign Bowline 
Hail and marched to Halifaxtown, N. C, where he joined Cof 
David Mason of Va. & marched from thence to Hillsborough 
^' Nalsbury, N. C. and joined General Lincoln at Stone Camp 
b. C ., and fought a hard Battle with the British on the 20''' of 
June 1779, m which he was engaged from the commencement 
to Die end, after which he marched back to camp where he 
remained some time. That he knew Count Pulaskie and 
C.eneral Parsons, &c.. from thence was marched to Camden 
S. C. and discharged in August 1779. After serving a tower of 
months, that he acted as fifer and was disbanded by C^ol 
Mason, and returned to Amelia, Va. on 10^»' Aug 1779 


In the )ear 1780 he sen-ed a tower of Duty under Capt. Gray, 
belonging to the United States Army, commanded by Col. 
White. The fall of same year, he was called on to render ser- 
vice agreeably to draughfted numbers and serv'^ed a tower of 3 
months under Capt. Irby, Lieut's name not recollected, was 
marched to Petersburg, Va., from there to Cabbin point, thence 
to Markeys mills thence to Nancem.ond, thence to a place not 
recollected, and returned to Nancymun, he then interted (can't 
make this word out) in the calvary under Chas. Irby, for during 
(can't make this word out) the War, upon condition that he 
could procure a horse, was priviledged to go home & get a 
horse & return to camp, & in the event he could not get a 
horse, his absence was to be counted as on furlow; when he got 
home it being inconvenient to procure a horse and a young man 
in the neighborhood by the name of Elisha Gunn being called 
on to join (jenl. Greene in opposition to Lord Comwallice, the 
said Gunn and himself changed towers, and being organized 
he marched under Capt. Overstreet and joined headquarters 
on troublesome Crealc, N. C. After various marches they met 
the British and had a severe Battle at Gilford Courthouse, after 
marching to deep river, at ramsey's mills, Chatham County, 
N. C, he was honourably discharged, by Brigadier General 
Lawson of the Va. troops, after which he returned to Amelia 
county, Ya. There he reniained until the 5''' day of Jan. 18U1 
at which time he removed to Wake Co. N. C, where he has 
remained ever since, & being on a visit to friends in Pitts. Co. 
Va., avails himself of the opportunity to make his declaration, 
having it more in his power to establish his sendees here than 
in N. C, serving as a Militiaman there was no wiitten discharge 
given to such. 


James X Nance. 


William Dews. 

On this 20'*^ day of August 1S;V2 pcrsoiiallv aiipeaivd bcforv 
the Couil o( the Cdiuun- of ri((s\ h aui.i now :.i(liii>;, Win I >f\\:., 









a resident of said Co., aged SO yrs. who being first duly sworn 
according to law, doth on his oath make following declaration — 

That he enlisted in the Amiy of the U. S. in the month of 
Feb. 1776 for two yrs. with Lieut. Henderson in Cap' Walkers 
Company, then stationed at Charlottesville in the County of 
Albemarle, Va. On the 15"' day of that month this company 
left Charlottesville & marched direct to Gloucester Court 
HoiK^e, Va. & from there they marched to Chesapeake Ba)', 
anil v,-ent across to the County of Northampton & was there 
attached to the 9*'' Reg't of the Va. line under the Command of 
Col. George Matthews and Major Ivins. That they were sta- 
tioned in said Co. of Northampton untill about the 19"' or 20"' 
of Dec. 1776, when they were marched from there to Momstown 
in New Jersey and joined the army under Gen'l George Wash- 
ington at that place in January J 777, where he had taken up 
Winter Quarters. 

Early in the Spring following a picked Company was made 
up from the different regiments and Placed under the command 
of Lieut. Henderson who acted as Ca])t. of which he said Vnn. 
Dews was one. This Company was put under Col. Daniel 
M(;rgan, who commanded a Rifle choir and was with him in three 
engagements. On one day, first at Brunswick where the British 
had wintered, the 'J'' and third near the same place, that he con- 
tinued with Col. l\h)rgan Several months until he was ordered to 
Albany. That he left Col. Morgan near Smnmerset C. H., 
New Jersey, and returned under the command of Lieut. Martin 
to the said 9*'' Reg' under Col. Matthews and was stationed at 
the Cross Roads near Philadelphia when the British airived at 
the head of Elk River. He was placed under the Command of 
Col. Richard Parker and v.'as Vv-ith him in the Battle of Brandy- 
^vine on the 11"' of September 1777. Soon after that he was 
again transferred to the 0"' Regim.ent with Colo. Alattheus and 
was with him in the Battle of Germantown when his Regiment 
was defeated by the British and he, said Dews, was taken 
Prisoner on the 4"' of October 1777 and carried to Philadeli^hia 
and put in Jail, kept there about eight months and was then 
carried by the British to New York and kept under guard 18 
days. Then exchanged at Elizabeth River about the 17"' 


July 1778, then murcbed to the White plains in the^State of 
Ne\^' York and there^/discharged about the last of the same 
month. The whole o; the service rendered under this enlist- 
ment including the time of his being a prisoner with the British 
is two yrs. and about months. His discharge was destroyed 
by the British in the town of Petersburg, Va., soon after he 
obtained it, but the service rendered is proved by the affidavits 
of David Street and Dudley Calloway, who were regular soldiers 
\\'ith him in the revolutionary War. That he resided in the 
county of Albemarle when he entered the service of the U. S. 
in the yr. 1776. After his discharge from said service in yr. 
1778, he resided for some time in the town of Petersburg, Va. 
He now resides and has lived in the Co. of Pittsylvania for 
about 50 years. Thereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a 
pension except the present and declares that his name is not on 
the Pension Roll of any agency of any State. 

j his 

William X Dews. 

1 mark 

I, Dudley Callowa}' of the Town of Lynchburg in the Co. of 
Cainpbell and State of Va., do hereby certify and do Solemnly 
Swear that I enlisted a Soldier in the Army of the Revolution 
in the year 177G and Sened m the 5^^ Regiment of the Va. line 
f(jr about 10 mo. when he was detached from said 5*** Reg't & 
put under the command of Col. Daniel Morgan, who command- 
ed a Rifle Choir and Ser\'ud with said Morgan, that he then be- 
came acquainted with V/m. Dews of Pitts. Co., Va., who was a 
regular Soldier in the 9"' Reg't under Col. Matthews, that he 
the said Wm. Dews was also detached from 9"' Reg't and was 
put under Col. Morgan and served with me under said Morgan 
several m.onths, when he was put back with said Col. Matthews 
of the said 9^'' Regiment, and I was infonned that said Dews 
was in Battle of Germantown and taken pirsoner by the British 
and kept several m.onths. That I believe the said Wm. Dews 
enlisted for two years and sen'cd faithfully as soldier in the 
Army of the Revolution. Given under my hand & seal this 
14*'' day of August 1832. 

Dudley Calloway. (Seal) 

; viiij IG i!i;j; i.i.oiiiiu'-l ijili 

■•,<^n T 

(rjs&8) .V 

100 virginia historical magazine. . '''* 

William M. Nance. 
William M. Nance, aged 72 years, Sept. 17, 1832, personally 
appeared in open court in Pitts. Co. & made following 
declaration — 

That he was bom on the 18^'' January 1760, in County of 
Amelia, now Nottoway, Va., according to his father's register 
which is not in his possession, that he entered the service of Lhe 
U. S. as a substitute for Wm. Mitchel in the year 1777 under 
Capt. Gabriel Fowlke, Jno. Knight, Lieut. & Wm. Brookin, 
Ensign, at the Court House of Amelia Co., Va., and marched to 
Williamsburg & joined the Regiment under the Corrmiand of 
Col. Vivian Brookin and after remaining there a short time 
was ordered to Hampton where he joined the anny under the 
command of General Tho"" Nelson, where he ser\^ed several 
,j months, the particular time not recollected but thiiik it was 

J not less than 3 months and was disbanded by Col. Brookin at 

Hampton without any regular discharge and returned home 
v.'here he remained until early in the month of Feb. 1779 when 
lie was drafted and marched under Capt. Wm. Fitzgerald, 
Lieut. Charles Irby to Halifax Town, North Carolina where he 
joined Col. David ]\Ia.son and marched thro' Hillsborough, 
vSalsbury, N. Carolina and joined Gen. Lincoln at Stone Camp, 
South Carolina & fought a hard Battle with the British on 
the 20"' of June 1779 in which he was engaged from the Com- 
mencement to the end after which he marched back to Camp 
where he remained some time. Knew Count Pulaskie, Genl. 
Parsons, etc., and from thence was marched to Camden, S. 
Carolina and disbanded in August 1779, after ser\dng a tour 
of 6 months, during v\'hich time he was orderly sergeant & was 
disbanded by Col. Mason. Returned to Amelia, Va., where 
he remained till Dec. 1780, when he removed to County of 
Pitts., where he has resided ever since and in the year 1781 he 
was drafted and marclicd from the county afr"^ under Capt. 
Chas. Williams, Lieut. Dix or Hunt, he does not recollect 
which, to York Town, \^a., where he was regularly engaged in 
iho siege until tlie Sui render, 2 days after w^hich he with the 
other sick uf tlie Troops of Pitts, was discharged by General 
Stephens which discharge is lost or mislaid. 

Wm. M. Nance. 



r>f !^:\i;!\cr CO. Kent, vy.'v>♦l^<u^ 


(Contributed by Leo Culleton, 92 Picadilly, London, W., and 
the late Lothrop Withington.) 

Robert Hunt of the parishe of Heathfield in the Countye of 

Siissex, Gierke, Vicar of the said parishe. 
Dated 20 Nov. IGOG. Proved 14 July 1608. 

To Grace Kyne, my nowe Servant and to Elizabeth Milies, my 
late Servant, 10s eatch. 

To Elizabeth my daughter, £30, to be paide to her when she 
shall corne to eighteene yeares. 

Also one Tenement with five acres of lande, late being part of 
the waste or common called Highdoune in Heathfeilde, which I 
bought of Thomas Pankerst nowe or late of Retherfield. 
To my Sonne Thomas, £10, to be paide him at the age of one and 
twenty years. Also one tenement and twelve acres of land being 
in the parish of Warbleton and belonging unto Air. Thomas 
Pellam his Mannor of Burwashe which Coppyhold Tenement 
and Landes I bought of W'illiam Stace of Heathfield. 
Residuary Legatee and Sole Executrix:— Elizabeth my Wiffe. 
Overseer: Mr. Tristram Siclemore. 

Provided alwaies yf Elizabeth my said wiffe shall committ the 
act of incontinency or slialbe be defamed or suspected of anye 
suche acte, during my life or if after my death before the proving 
of my will she stale and abide in the same house or other place 
whatsoever together with John Taylor tlie eldest Sonne of John 
Taylor of the parish of Heathfeild. Then she shall be exclude 
from being my Executrix and shall loose all other benefitt of 
this my will, and in her place I appoint Elizabeth my daughter 
to whom the residue of my Goods etc. And I then make my 


Brother Steven Hunt, now or late of Reculver, co. Kent, yeoman 

the oneHe Overseer of trust. 

Thomas Boreman, Roe? Noe Taylor, Witnesses. 

Proved 14 July 1608 by EHzabeth the ReHct and ExecutriK 


[It .^eems almost certain that this is the will of Robert Hunt, the mini- 
ster ot the first settlement of Virginia. From 1594 to 1G02, when he re- 
signed, he was vicar of Reculver, Kent, a noble church torn down by a 
vandal Archbishop of Canterbury, early in the Nineteenth Century. 
From that date to 1600 we know nothing of his history; but, if this is his 
will, lie became in 1602, vicar of Hcathfield. John Smith says that 
while the Virginia fleet was lying in the Downs, Master Hunt was not 
more than 10 or 12 miles from his habitation. Heathfield is about that 
distance from the coast. It would be desirable to ascertain how long 
Robert Hunt was Vicar of Heathfield; but the only work accessable at 
this time, Dallaway's Sussex, does not cover the whole county nor in- 
clude Heathfield. The will was dated Nov. 20, 160G, and the expedition 
for Vir.:4inia sailed from Blackwall exactly a month later. Mr. Hunt of 
Va. died sometime in 160S. The dates agree well; but the copy of the 
probate (which may not be a full one) does not say, as would be expected 
"died beyond seas." A year or two ago Mr. H. Dwelly of Heme Bay, 
Kent, kindly traced the signature of Robt. Hunt from the Reculver 
parish books. It is intended to compare this signature with that to 
the original of the will printed above. All the writers of all the fac- 
tions in Virginia agree in praising Robert Hunt as a most godly and 
exemplary minister and man, and no doubt he was influenced by the 
highest motives in coming to the colony; but motives are often mixed. 
If this is the will of the Virginia minister we have again the old cherchez 
lafemme. An unhappy home life made it easier for him to undertake 
the hardships of the settlement. The reference to a brother living at 
Reculver makes another point in favor of identification. It is hoped 
that this may ultimately be made positive, for no better man came to 
America than Robert Hunt.] 

John Beaitchamp of London, Gentleman. 

Dated 15 June 1654. Proved 9 Sept. 1654. 

And whereas by an obligation bearing date 4 Aprill 1653 I 
stand bound unto John Harvey Cittizen and Merchant Taylor 
of London in £1600 for the true performance of severall promises 
and as.Tecments I doe now confirme and ratify the same and 
charge my Executors to perform thasaid Obligation. 
To Margarett my Wife, £100 also the household stuffe and other 
thingos which shall be remayning in my lodging Chamber and 
in the Closset att the further ende of the Parlour of my now 
dwelling house in the Parish of Buttolpli without, Aldersgate; 


To my Sonne John Beauchampe, £300. 

To my Daughter Johane Wilkinson, the Wife of Edward Wilkin- 
son, £200. 

To my three Grandchildren, the daughters' of my said Daughter 
Joahane [sic], £10 apeece, to be paid att the accomplishment 
of their ages of one and twentie yeares. 

To the poore of the parish of Buttolph without Aldersgate, 
London, 50s. 

To my freinde Master John Harvey aforesaid £5. 
Residuary Legatee and wSole Executor, my said Sonne John 

For as much as my said sonne John Beauchamj) is now remaining 
in Partes beyond the Seas I will that all my goods etc. which I 
shall leave at the time of my decease, if my said sonne shall not 
then be returned into England, shall remain in the Custodie 
of my said wife. 
Proved 9 Sept. 1654 by the Sole Executor named. 

[The mention by the testator of a son John "now beyond the seas," 
would seem to make it certain that he was father of John Beauchamp, 
merchant, of London and Virginia, who died in 1G6S, and vvill was 
printed in this Magazine XVI, 192. But the latter had three brothers, 
William, Abel, and Richard, and a sister Mrs. Mary Sampson, and those 
names do not agree at all with those in the will above. Possibly John, 
the son of the testator was the father of John, who died in 1668.] 

George Argent of Hoxton, parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch, 
CO., Middx., Gentleman. 

Dated 1(1 Aug. 1053 Codicil 27 Feb. 1653-4 

Proved 23 April 1654. 
To be buried in the Parish Church of St. Leonard, Shore- 
ditch, as neere unto my late wife and Sonne William Argent as 
may be. 

To my Daughter, Elizabeth Porter, that Messuage or Tenement, 
situate in Oxton, where I now dwell, to my said daughter and to 
the heires of her bodie, and for want of such issue, to my sonne 
George Argent and to his heires for ever. 

To my Cousin William Argent my Watch and to my Cousin 
Mistris Mary Riggden, 40s. 
To the poore of the Parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch, £3. 

'.y>f.:> ,:.qnT:;rf-,tTiiof! ndo] orr- '^ vn -' 


To my servant Rebecha Coltman, my Trunck bound with yron. 

To my daughter Mary Hodges, that Messuage or Tenement, 

■wherein Master Morrel Gouldsmith dwelleth, situate in Oxton, 

during her life and after her decease, to my said sonne George 

Argent and to his heires for ever. 

To my daughter Mary Hodges, my great gylt standing Cupp. 

All the rest of my plate I give as follows: to my Sonne George 

Argent, Jane Steward & Elizabeth Porter, three fourth parts 

thereof and the other fourth part to the Children of my late 

daughter Anne Ivie, deceased, which were borne in Virginia 

where she died, to be equally devided betweene them, according 

to the Will of Jane Baker, deceased theire Grandmother. 

To my Grandchild Anne Ivie, my Chest, that standeth in the 

greate Chamber and the Sum of £200 upon Condition that she 

doe not marrie without the Consent of my Executors. In Case 

she marr}'- v/ithout Consent, then the said bequest unto all the 

rest of my Grandchildren whether they shall be in England or 

out of England, equally amongst them. 

To my freinde Thomazine Earle, 50s to buy her a Ringe. 

The Residue of my Goods etc I bequeath as follows : tw^o third 

parts to my said sonne, George Argent and to my daughter 

Jane Steward, to be devided between them and the remaining 

third part to such of the Children of my late daughter Anne Ivey 

as were borne in Virginia, to be devided amongst them, to be 

paid unto them when they shall accomplish theire ages of one 

and twenty yeares. 

To my sonne in La we Henry Potter, my Yron Chest. 

I forgive my sonne in Law Thomas Steward the thirty pounds he 

owes me. 

To my freinde Master Robert Earle, a suit of mourning. 

Executors: my Cousins Master John Langley & Master John 


Rebecha Coultman, her marke, Robert Earle, scrv., Thomas 
Page, scrv., Witnesses. 
Mem 27 Feb. 1653-4 
To my Cousin Glascock one of my Exors, £10. 





John Glascock, Anne Ivey, the marke of Rebeccha Coultman 
Proved 23 April 1654 by the Executors named. 

[In 16(13 the Court of Lower Norfolk County certified that Thomas; anrl 
George Ivy were the sons of Thomas Ivy (who was a^ed 30 in T run nn i 
died 1603-4) and Ann his wife "who was^ th° daugSe^ of ZlSco^t 
Argent I ivemge about London. England, as she often reported " Thom 
as Ivy the son, died in 1684, leaving a will. His leeatei were hi. .^^' 
Alice, sons Thomas, Ludford and Anthony, fnd dfuSerT KaU erine 
1,%^'^'' ^V^^es, Frances and Elizabeth. The other sorOeorge d ed "^ 
10S9, leavmg a will His legatees were his wife Hannah sons A Wander 
George, bamuel, Thomas, John and Joseph, and daughter ELabeth 
1 he name has been numerously represented down to the present day J " 

Peter Ashton, of Grantham co., Lyncolne Esqr 
f^^^^^ Sept 1653. Proved: 9 June" 1654. 

And whereas I have formly given unto my Sonne John all my 
Lands and Tenements in Fishkerton in Co. Lyncolne and the 
Lease of the lands I hold from the Deane and Chapter of Peter- 
borough, I doe heerby Confirme the same. 
To my Datighter Audley, £100. 
To my Grandchild Elizabeth Audley, £20. 
And whereas my Wife, deceased, did deliver unto the handes of 
my Mother m lawe, the Lady Ellis and my Sister Adams the 
Sum of £50 which since her decease they have given to my two 
daughters Jane Audley & Elizabeth Diamond £20 each I doe 
hereby Signify that I am Contented ^^ith the same 
Residuary Legatee and Sole Executor: my sonne James Ashton 
Margarett Adams, William Ellis, Thomas Adams, Jonas Mar- 
tin, William Bellamy, Witnesses. 
Proved 9 June 1G54 by the Sole Executor named. 
tei?t°h' rrn't" :f''^^°^ emigrated to Virginia about the middle of the Seven- 

inj, in liu.). 1 his last named may have been the Virginian.] 



Thomas Baker, Cittizen and Apothecary of London. 
Daied 13 Dec. 1653. Proved 9 May 1654. 

All my Goods and Chattels to be devided into three equall 
partes whereof one third part unto my Wife Sarah Baker, one 
other third parte unto my five Children, Thomas Baker, William 
Baker, Mary Baker, Francis Baker & Sarah Baker equally 
amongst them. My Sonne Thomas bein^ of full age his parte 
p's'ntly payable, my Sonne William's parte to be paid when he 
shall have accomplished the age of twenty one and all my daugh- 
ters at same age or da ye of marriage. And the other third parte 
of my Estate I reserve to myself to pay my legacies etc. 
To the Poore within the Parish of St. James Clarkenwell where 
I am a Parishoner, 50s. 

To my sister Abigail Fitzhugh, 20s. and to my Sister Frances 
Hinde 40s. and to my Kinsman Master George Smyth, 20s. and 
to my Ferinde Master Thomas Jenny, 203. to buy them Ringes. 
To my eldest Sonne Thomas, and my wife, my now dwelling 
House in Clarken Well close. And to my sonne William my 
other House next adjoining with the appurtenances thereunto 
belonging as it is now in the Occupation of my said Kinsman 
Mr. George Smyth. 

Residuary Legatees: my Sonnes Thomas & William and my 
Daughters Frances & Sarah. 

Executors: my Sonne Thomas and my Wife Sarah. 
Overseers: my said Kinsman, Master George Smyth and my 
freinde Master Thomas Jenney. 

Mem before the sealing and publishing of these presents I doe 
give imto my brother Richard Baker now in Virginia if he live 
to come again into England, 30s to buie him a Ring. To Heath, 
"now grave maker" of this parish 10s. 

John Mathewes, Thomas Palmer, Edward Gregory, Scr. : 

Proved 9 May 1654 by Sarah Baker the Relict and one of the 
Executors named, Thomas Baker the sonne and the other 
Exor renouncing. 

[On March 18, 16G2, Patrick Jackson and Richard Baker were granted 
1500 acres of land in Charles City County (now Prince George) back of 
and adjoining Merchants Hope, and adjoining the lands of Richard 
Craven, and "the old town," now the property of Mr. Richard Tye. 
This land was granted to Richard Jones March 10, 1655, and by him sold 
to Jackson and Baker. Of course it is not certain that this is the 
Ricliard Baker of this will.] 



From organization in 1754 to 1804 (some later). 

(Compiled by W. B. Cridlin) 

(Continued from Vol. XXI, 27()) 

[The names beginning "with M, N and P in this instalment were 
accidentally omitted in making the original copy.] 

Moore, Joseph, 1823, L 337. 

(Also widow's renunciation.) 
Moore, John. O. 18G4, 471. 
Moore, Pylatthew, 1849, P. 288. 
Moore, Mary, 185G, O. 598 (Oct.). 
Moore, John H., 1848, P. 305. 
Mims, Elizabeth, 1821, L 150. 
Mason, Lucy, 1829, L. 174. 
xMassenberg, Wm. E., 1825, K. 246. 
Moore, PrisCilla, 1821, L 178. 
Moore, Peggy, 1828, L. 93. 
A'loore, Polly, 1854, 0. 452. 
Mangram, Samuel, 1828, L. 61. 
Mitchell, Barham, 1820, I. 100. 
Moore, Barham, 1820, I. 103. 
Magee, Nancy, 1816, H. 251. 
Mason, Frederick, 1823, I. 434. 
Moore, Charles W., 1858, R. 65. 
Malone, Robert, 1826, K. 344. (Invt.). 
Moore, Richard H., 1841, N. 403. 
Nev.'som, James S., 1847, P. 87 (Invt). 
Niblctt, James W., 1859, R. 144. 
Niblett, James N., 1864, S. 603. 
Niblett, James D., 1896, No. 1., 730. 
Newsom, Bn,'ant, 1827, L. 5. 
New, Boiling, 1845, 0. 340. 


Niblett, Benjamin D., 1872, S. GIO. 

New, Richard, 1839, N. 177. 

Nebiett, Robert P., 1862, R. 455. ''' 

Newsom, David, 1821, I. 182, 377. 

Norvell, William, 1764, B. 14 (Invt.). ' 

New, William, 1833, L. 507 (Invt.). 

Nebiett, Wm. H., 1870, P. 1. 

Niblett, Pamela A. E., 1867, S. 173. 

Northcross, Sally W., 1842, N. 432. 

Niblett, Nat. B., 1895, No. 1., 689. 

Neanes, Henry A., 1838, N. 49 (Invt.). 

Niblett, Harrison, 1880, F. 315. 

Niblett, Frances, 1845, O. 341. 

Nebiett, Thomas, 1860, R. 26. 

Nicholson, Amy, 1857, R. 3. 

Owen, Green, 1833, L. 477. (Act.). 

Owen, Joshua, 1835, M. 186. 

Owen, Sally, 1839, N. 173 (Oct.). '■''■• ' '''' 

Owen, Elizabeth P., 1854, Q. 330. „ .. .^ • 

Oliver, Booker, 1844, O. 193 (Act.). '' ''' ''■ ''''^ 

Owen, Willis, 1857, Q. 773. 

Parham (S), William, 1834, M. 73. 

Peters, Wm., 1837, M. 431. 

Phillips, Susanna, 1833, L. 491. 

Pennington, Thomas, 1831, L. 374. 

Parsons, Henry, 1831, L. 372. 

Pair, Mason, 1839, N. 229. 

Parham, Peggy, 1832, L. 445. 

Pope, John W., 1833, L. 483 (Acot.). 

Pennington, 1832, L. 448. 

Pond, Benj. M., 1843, O. 27. 

1833, Pope, Jno. W. Acct. L 483 

1781, Pennington, David Will C 390 

1783, Pennington, David Will D 210 

1832, Pennington, David Will L 448 

1783, Pleasants, George Will D 115 

1S08, Parham, George Will G 148 

1797, Portlock, Chas. Will F 79 


1807, Pate, Cordy Inv & Apt G 65 
1824, Potts, Chas. Inv & Apt K 136 
1828, Parham, Caesar Will L 35 

1783, Poarch, Israel > Will D 168 

(Will contested being only a letter) 

1800, Pettway, Lucy Will F 211 

1805, Parham, Lewis Will F 459 " 

^Mentions Lewis Thomas P in acct. Acct. I 315 

1801, Phipps, Benj. Will F 219 

1824, Pretlow, Benj. Inv & Apt K 78 

1825, Parham, Booth Will K 280 
1843, Pond, Benj. M." • Inv & Act O. 27 
1809, Pennington, Frederick Will G 206 

1817, Parham, Frances Will H 389 
1754, Rose, Richard Will A 8 

1708, Rose, Richard Will B 151 
1773, Rainer, Robert Winn Inv. C 06 

(Est. in Bruns\vick) 

1795, Rollins, Richd. Will E, 361 '■"' 

1802, Rose, Robt. Will F 297 

1814, Rogers, Richd. Will H 96 

1815, Rives, Rebecca Will H 163 
1834, Richardson, Randolph Will M 104 

1808, Rix, Edward Will G 130 

1813, Roberson, Eliz. I. Will H 35 

1814, Redding, Elizabeth Will H 73 

1818, Ray, Eldridge Inv & Apt H 443 

1818, Richardson, Eliz. Will H 506 

1754, Randolph, Mary Will A 13 
1817, Raines, Mary H. Will A 127 

1819, Rix, Mike (Org. 2-11-54) Inv & Apt I 36 
1822, Rowland, Mary Gdn Ace. I 272 

(Orph of John Rowland) 

1824, Robinson, Martin L. Inv & Apt K 56 

1799, Rogers, David Acct F 146 

1755, Rawlings, Gregory Will A 38 
1768, Robinson, George Will B 180 

1709, Rawlings, Gregory Will B 193 


r;.;" 'V 



1772, Randall, George Inv & Apt C 3 
1795, Rives, George Will E 325 

1818, Randolph. George Acct H 514 
ISIO, Rives, George Will N 249 
1757, Rawlings, Hannah Will A 73 

1827, Robinson, Hix Inv & Apt K 471 

1834, Rochell, Henchen Will M 71 

1807, Robinson, Isaac Inv & Apt G 91 

1759, Rochell, John Will A 142 

1700, Roland, Joseph Inv & Apt A 184 

1701, Roland, John Inv & Apt A 226 
J 703, Reeks, John Inv & Apt A 250 
1704, Rawlings, John Inv & Apt B 
1771, Ray, John Inv & Apt B 295 

1773, Richardson, John Will C 49 

1774, Rivers, John WiU C 141 
1770, Rives, John ' Inv & Apt C 215 
1784, Rowland, Joshua Inv & Apt D 223 
1793, Robertson, James Will E 208 
1800, Rowland, John Inv & Apt F 534 
1810, Rogers, John Will H 310 

1819, Rose, James Inv & Apt I 3 

1820, Randolph, James Will K 334 
1833, Rochell, Jemima Will M 52 

1 701 , Roe, Cannon Inv & Apt A 21 8 

1773, Rives, Christoi)her Inv & Ajit C 77 

1795, Rose, Chas. Will E 353 

1814, Roberts, Catharine Will H 120 

(widov/ of Ben R.) 

1820, Rives, Chas. B. Inv & Apt I 101 

1825, Raines, Chas. B. Will K 205 

1707, Roberts, Willett Will B 118 

1709, Rainey, Wm. Will 191 B 

1770, Rogers, Wm. Will B 271 

1778, Rogers. Wm. Will C 297 

1778, Rives, Wm. Will C 298 

1779, Roberts, Willett Will C 325 
1781 , Roland, Webb Acct C 420 


1782, Rainey, Wayne Will D 6 

1792, Rose, Wm. Will E 117 

1802, Richardson, Wm. Acct F 285 

181 1 , Roberts, Willet Will G 307 

1823, Roe, Wm. Will I 335 

1767, Rosser, Thos. Inv & Apt B 135 

1785, Rogers, Thos. ' . Inv & Apt D 150 

1810, Rives, Timothy Acct G 2ol 

1819, Rowland, Thos. Inv & Apt I 10 
1832, Rives. Thos. E. Inv & Apt L 419 
1825, Ramsey, Zilpah \Vill K 246 
17(57 , Rottenberry, Susanna Will B 146 

1780, Robinson, Seymour Will C 336 

1782, Roberts, Sarah Will C 438 

1820, Roberts, Sarah " Will I 106 

1821, Rosser, Sarah Will I 200 
1770, Rives, Frances '""■. ' Will B 229 
1773, Roberts, Faithy Will C 34 

1791, Randolph, Frances Will E 66 
1839, Rose, Fielding Will N 216 

1783, Raney, Nathaniel Inv & Apt D' 130 

1792, Rochelle, Nathaniel Will E 149 
1775, Richardson, Arthur Inv & A C 172 
1798. Richardson, Amey Will F 81 
1801, Ramsey, Anderson Inv & A F 271 
1813, Richardson, Archibald Will H 24 
1815, Roberts, Archibald ^ Will H 146 

1781, Raney, Phoebe '^''^^''^'' Will C 424 
1780, Randolph, Peter Will D 412 
1818, Raines, Polly Will H 93 
1778, Rogers, Benj. Will C 283 

1782, Rowland, Burwell Inv & A D 67 
1785, Richardson, Benj. Will D 360 
17i.3, Rogers, Benj. I & A E 159 
1810, Roberts, Benj. Will G 239 
1795, Smith, Isham Will E 327 
1782, Sturdivant, Mathew Will D 14 
1785, Simmons, Martha Will D 300 


1788. Stewart, Mourning Will D 480 


Smith, Margaret Will H 326 

Sturrock, Mary Will I 197 

Seaborn, Benj. • Will D 10 

Smith, Benj. I & A F 433 

Shands, Thos. WiU A 19 

Stafford, Thos. Will A 212 

Smith, Thos. I & A B 3 

Stoakes, Thos. I & A C 242 

Speede, Thos. Will F 22 

Sledge, Thos. I & A F 202 

Scott, Thos. E. I & A G 191 

Shands, Thos. E. Will H 251 

Sturdivant, Thos. Will H 265 

Spain, Thos. Acet I 397 

Sturdivant, Holam Will A 82 

Sturdivant, Henry Will B 348 

Sampson, Henry Will H 128 

Seaborn, Howell I & A L 204 

Shands, John I & A A 99 

Smith, John Will B 4 

Stokes, John Will B 7 

Sammons, Jas. Will B 64 

Southworth, John I & A B 81 

Sammons, John Will B 90 

Speed, Jas. I & A C 44 

Sturdivant, John Anderson Will C 281 

Sammons, Jas. Will C 400 

Scott, John Will D 182 

Spain, John Will D 200 

Smith, Joseph Will E 64 ' 

Stuart, John Will E 71 

Spain, James Will G 85 

Spires, John Acct H 445 

Stith, John I & A K 250 

Shands, Wm. Will A 135 

Sanders, Wm. Will A 336 

Sykes, Wm. I & A B 12 

Shands, Wm. Will C 221 

Smith, Wm. Will D 43 

.^•rabnA r; 


1791, Seaborn, Wm. 

Will E 70 

1811, Scoggin, Wm. 

I & A G 343 

1815, Stewart, (Stuart) Wm. 

Will H 200 

1764, Smith, Samuel 

Will A 320 

1766, Stokes, Sylvanus 

Will B 74 

1769, Sanders, Sarah 

Will B 195 

1771, Stokes, Samuel 

Will B 301 

1784, Stacy, Simon 

Will D 253 

1804, Sturdivant, Selah 

Will F 360 

1810, Smith, Samuel 

I S< A G 233 

1812, Sturdivant, Susanna 

Will G 416 

1764, Shands, Nazareth 

Will A 324 

1815, Sledge, Noah 

Will H 144 

1832, ShewsbeiTy, Nancy 

Will L 424 

1815, Stephenson, Yvon 

Will H 171 

1765, Sturdivent, Anber 

I & A B 34 

1799, Sturdivent, Allen 

Will F 136 

1799, Smith, Arthur 

Will F 137 

1812, Sturdivant, Ann 

Will G 422 

1814, Shands, Augustine 

Will H 68 

1833, Sledge, Augustine 

Will M 1 

1771, Sledge, Chas. 

I & A B 293 

1786, Stokes, Cecelia 

Will D 426 

1817, Sturdivant, Celia 

I & A H 384 

1777, vShearman, Ebenezer 

I & A C 247 

1804, Stacy, Edward 

Will F 379 

1804, Stone, Edmund 

Will F 425 

1806, Soesberry, Eliz. 

Will F 548 

1812, Sledge, Eliz. 

Will G 389 

1816, Southward, Eliz. 

Acct H 292 

1801, Smith, Patience 

Will F 230 

1816, Sampson, Peter 

I & A H 234 

1779, Scoggin, Rich'd 

I & A C 328 

1792, Seat, Robt. 

Will E 135 

1798, Stewart, Richd. 

Will F 117 

1804, Smith, Rebecca 

Will F 432 

1794, Smith, Lawrence 

Will E 277 

1795, vSoloman, Lewis 

Will E 321 

1807, Sturdivant, Lucy 

I & A G 40 

(To be Continued) 



(Contributed by W. B. Cridlin, Richmond, Va.) 


[The records of this County have been through seveial fires and 

the remaining fragments have been collected and arranged 

in several volumes.] 

1705. Henry Nelson and Elizabeth his wife, of King and 
Queen, to Morgan Swinney and Stephen Terry of King William. 
Land patented by Nelson (2 deed). (P. 45:46.) 

1705. Thomas Ellett of King William to beloved son-in-law 
John White and Mary hik wife. Deed of gift. Witnesses: 
Joseph Bickiey, William Cough, John Breeding. (P. 48, 49.) 

1705-6. Joseph Brown to son-in-law John White and Mary 
his wife. Land bought of Joseph Norman. (P. 50, 51.) 

1705. Isabella Madison wife of John Madison appoints 
Henry Madison her attorney to convey land sold by her hus- 
band to George Purchase. (P. 51.) 

1705. John Madison to George Purchase, Deed. Witnesses: 
John Walker, Ed. Eastwood, Henry Webber. (P. 52.) 

1705. Joseph Bickiey and Sarah, his wife, relict of Rich'd. 
Gissedge, to Wm. Noyes. Land ])urchased of Capt. Mallory. 
(P. 53.) 

1705. Thos. Carr Sr., gent., to son Thos. Carr Jr. Witnesses 
William Carr et als. (P. 54.) 

178(). John Gravett to Thos. Adams, Deed. (P. 56.—) 

1785. Robert Cowne of Culpeper to John Anderson of King 
William. Deed. (P. 57, 58.) 

1799. Wm. Harris to John Robinson and Beverley Robin- 
son of Caroline County. Deed. (P. 61, 62.) 

1800. Wm. Dabney and Hannah his wife to Wm. Cock, 
Deed. (P. 199, 200.) 





1800. John and Wm. Butler, ex'rs of Josiah Butler, de- 
ceased, to Richard Cockran. (P. 200.) 

1801. Falvey Frazer and Lucy his wife to Wm. Fowler, 
Deed. (P. 20o") 

1801. John Fox and Fanny his wife, to James Fox, Deed. 
(P. 201, 202.) 

1801 . John Holcomb to Walter Evans, Deed. (P. 207, 208.) 

1792. Wm. Bingham and Ann his wife to . (P. 301, 302.) 

1795. Tunstall Banks and Sarah Banks to Jno. McNabb, 
Deed. (P. 340.) 

1722. Robert Farish to Edward Hemdon of St. Stephens 
Parish, King William. Land purchased in 1718. (P. 345, 346.) 

1700. John Hampton and Thomas Mallory, Bond as ad- 
m'rs of the estate of Mary Sellers, deceased. (P. 402.) 

1706. Mary Bell, adm'x of Edward Bell, deed. (P. 402.) 

1706. Henry Eyrenshaw [? Crenshaw] wid. [?] admst. Isaac 
liyrenshaw, deceased. (P. 413.) 

1706. James Peterson, deceased. Inventory by George 
Heriott and Robt. Cockes. 

1705. Henry Nelson and Eliza, his wife, of St. Stephens 
Parish, King and Queen to Thos. Baker. Land patented 1703. 
Witnesses: Henry Webber, Jno. Hewitt, Martin Palmer, Jr. 
(I'. 404, 405.) 

1705. George Janson of Abingdon parish, Gloucester Co., 
gent., to John Baylor, atty. for Chillion White of same parish 
and Ann his wife, her right of dower in King WiUiam. (P. 409, 

1706. Edmund Smith to Henry Kirby, of South Famham 
l)arish, Essex Co., Deed. Witnesses: Wm. Chadwick, Benj. 
Arnold, Caleb Saunders. (P. 406, 408.) ''• 

1705. Deed Chillson (or Chilson) White to Janson. His 
wife was Ann Fox of King William. She appoints John Butts, 
her attorney, to relinquish dower in land. Witnesses: W. 
Smith, Richd. Towns, Richard Hygason. (P. 411, 412.) 

1705. Henry Webber, power of attorney from Sarah, wife of 
John Hurtt, right of dower. (P. 412.) 

1706. John Hurtt to Robt. Townley, Bond and Deed. 
Witnesses: Alex Bennett et als. (P. 413, 414.) 

1 . .Via 






1706. Chilson White and wife of Gloucester to George 
Janson, gent., land in King William, Joseph Brown, attorney 
for White. Witnesses: Adam Rutherford et als. (P. 414, 415.) 

1705. Sarah wife of John Hurtt power of attorney to Henry 
Webber. Dower relinquishment. Land sold to John Yar- 
brough. (P. 4.) 

1798. Archibald Lipscomb and Mary his wife to David 
Powers, Deed. (P. 422, 423.) 

1705. Griffith Williams and Elizabeth his wife to Valentine 
Winfree, Bond. (P. 476, 477.) 

1705. Henry Fox, gent., to Charles Satterwith, Deed. 
Witnesses: John West, John Annsley. (P. 476.) 

1705. John Mask to John Monroe of King Wm, Deed. (P. 
478, 479.) 

1798. John Bickley of the City of Philadelphia and Roger 
Gregory of Henrico Co., Va. to Nathaniel Gregory, at King 
Wm. C. H., for maintenance and support of his wife Mary Ann 
and children Wm. Bickley Gregory, Thos. West Gregory, and 
Richard Claiborne Gregory. (P. 7.) 

1798. Bartholomew Lacy and Mary his wife, to Edward 
Pye Chamberlayne of King Wm. (P. 8.) 

1722. Hugh Owen of King Wm., planter, to Robert Jennings 
of Hanover, now residing in King Wm., Land patented by John 
Pottiver. (P. 9, 10.) 

1722. John May and Susannah his wife, to Wm. Thompson, 
Deed. (P. 10.) 

1797. John Drewry and Sarah his wife to Thos. Black-well, 
Deed. (P. 19.) 

1797. Robert Lipscomb to Bernard Lipscomb, Bond. Wit- 
nesses: Samuel Meredith, Francis Neale, et als. (P. 20.) 

1722. EHzabeth Butler to daughter Mary Butler, Deed of 
gift. (R50.) 

1722. John Lucas to Ambrose Day, Bond. (P. 51.) 

1722. Wm. W. [?] Yarbrough to Martin Chandler, Deed. 
J as. Cox atty., relinquishes dower of Eleanor, wife of Wm. W. 
Yarbrough. (P. 53.) 

1722. Timothy Johnson and EUenor his wife to Jacob Sellers. 
Deed for land patented by John Sutton and Henry Yarbrough. 
(P. 54, 55.) 



1722. Richard Maulclen to Richard Rooks, Deed. (P. 54.) 
1799. Levan W. Blake and Mary his wife to James Lips- 
comb, Deed. Part of land owned with Philip Lipscomb (P 
100, 101.) 

1797. John Quarles and Frances his wife to Daniel Lips- 
comb, Deed. (P. 101.) 

1797. John Perrin of Gloucester, son and heir of John Pemn. 
deceased, to John McNab of Kini,^ Wm. Land in Kin" Wm' 
(P. 102.) 

1797. Thomas Taylor to Wm. Fleet of King and Queen, 
Deed, Land in King Wm. (P. 103.) 

1797. Robert Hill, of the first part; Thomas Walker, Joseph 
Gwathmey and Mary his, wife, John Hillyard and Ann his wife, 
Agnes Hill, and Susannah Hill, of the second part, and John 
Hill of the third part. John Hill, late of King Wm., gent., de- 
ceased, father of the said Robt. Frances Walker late wife of 
Thos. Walker, deceased. (P. 104.) 

1796. Sterling Ruffin and Alice his wife to Robt. Slaughter 
(P. 101, 102.) 

1722. Thomas Clements to George Clements, of King Wm., 
Deed. Land adjoining Major Aylett and John Dov/ney Tr' 
(P. 155, 156.) 

1721. Wm. Mullins and Catherine his wife, to John Almond 
and Edward Almond, Deed. (P. 172.) 

^ 1794. Richard Gwathmey and Charlotte his wife, and Robert 
Tombes and Judith his wife to Thomas Patterson Deed (P 

1794. Wm. Clayton of New Kent to John Warren of King 
Wm., Deed. Land purchased by Robt. Clemens Warren of 
Jno. Syme and Samuel Pearson, both of Hanover, conveyed to 
said Syme and Pearson in 1770 by Jeffrey Gusley and Mary 
his wife. R. C. Wan-en died in 1780 and land seized for taxes 
(P. 173.) 

1794. Gary Mitchell and Frances his wife to Jas. Mitchell 
(P. 175, 176.) 

1794. Dmry Ragsdale to Frederick Noell, Deed. 
John McNabb, John Fox, Richard Fox. 

1794. Baylor Hill and Mary his wife to Henn^ Fleet, Deed 
(P. 194.) 



1794. John Peers and Elizabeth his wife, of Goochland, to 
Manning Lipscomb of King \Vm. (P. 179.) 

1794. Dmr>' Ragsdale to George Percy, Deed. (P. 180, 

1794. Thos. Row to Betsy Row, his daughter, Deed of gift. 
(P. 180, 181.) 

1794. Wm. Dandridge Claiborne to Philip Claiborne, Deed. 
pa-( (P. 181.) 

1794. Ralph Wonnley of Middlesex and Eleanor his wife, 
to Wm. Dabney (son of Isaac) of King Wm. (P. 182.) 

1794. Wm. Dabney, Jr. to Ralph Wormley (states he was 
son of Isaac Dabney). (P. 182, 183.) 

1793. Robert Pollard of King Wm. to John Madison of 
King Wm., Bond. 

1794. Manning Lipscomb to John Lipscomb, Mortgage. 
Land purchased from Thos. Littlepage. Is mentioned as adm. 
of Mrs. Frances Quarles' estate. 

1794. Bernard Neal to Francis Neal, Deed. Land in- 
herited jointly from father. (P. 185, 180.) 

1792. Jas. Johnson, Jr. and Lucy his wife to AVm. Palmer, 
Deed. (P. 187, 188.) 

1794. Wm. Hickman and Wm. Harris, to Thos. Walker, 
Lease. Witnesses: Benj. Temple, Jos. Tuck, Robt. Hill, Jr., 
J. H. Burns, Temple Gwathmey, Robt. Pollard. Land willed 
by Wm. Warde, deceased. This land leased in 1722 by Ed- 
mund Jenings and Thos. Corbin from Col. John Hickman for 
500 years. The lease was inherited by Warde and sold in 1768 
to John Shermer, and on Shermer's decease repurchased by 
Warde and he dying 1789, his executor, Dudley Richardson, 
conveyed to Wm. Hickman and Wm. Harris. (P. 188, 190.) 

1794. Robert Sharj) to Nancy Dabney, widow (her dower 
by first husband, Thos. Baker, deceased). Said Robt. Sharp 
had man-ied Nancy daughter of Nancy Dabney and only sur- 
viving child of Thos. Balcer, deceased. Witnesses: Wm. Dab- 
ney, Jr., Thos. Fox. (P. 191.) 

1794. Drury Ragsdale to Elihaj Leftwich, Deed. By power 
of attorney from John Perrin and Elizabeth his wife, of Glou- 
cester. (P. 192, 193, 20G, 207.) 


1793. Byrd Chamberlayne to his daughter Evelyn Byrd 
Chamberlayne. Deed of Gift. Witnesses: Pamela Madison, 
Thos. Quarles. (P. 193.) 

1793. Mathew Fowler and Nancy his wife to John Howard • ^^ 
Deed. Witnesses: Nath. Fox, John T. Bagwell, Jane K. Han- 
cock. (P. 194, 195.) 

1794. Bernard Lipscomb to Peter Bowden, Deed. Land 
purchased from Thos. P. Madison, deceased. (P. 195, 196.) 

Book XI. 
1702. Edward Burgess of King Wm. Will. To Wm. 
Handbridge son of Catherine, my wife, land bought of Mr. 
(George Chapman. To John Olliver, Jr. To Elizabeth Fowler, 
god-daughter, and wife of Mathew Fowler. To loving wife 
Catherine. (P. 189.) 

1702. Will of Isaac Earnshaw (payment). (P. 191.) 
Book VI. 

1701. Thos. Burgess of King and Queen. Will. To Eliza- 
l)cth Fowler. To godson John OUiver. To lo^dng wife Eliza. 
10 granddaughter Elizabeth Fowler. 

1702. Simon Harding of King Wm., Will (Fragment). 
1702. Unity West and Thomas West, of King Wm. Bond 

of adm'x of Peter Stratton, deceased. 

1702. lilizabeth Brightwell qualified as adm'x of Reynold 
l^rightwell, deceased. 

1702. Reynold Brightwell of King Wm. Will. To sons 
Thomas, Reynold and John. Daughter Rebecca Grackvv'itt, 
daughters Eliza, Mary, and Ann, wife Eliza. 

1703. Richard Johns of King Wm. Will. To wife Jane. 
Sons Richard, Arthur, John, William, Thomas and Robert. 
Daughter Eliza, wife of James Adams, daughter Mary wife of 
John Randle, daughter Jane wife of Josias Randle, daughter 
Martha (then under 18 years). Jane, the widow, qualified as 
adm'x, with Henry and John Fox, securities. 

(To be Concluded) 

QXt fr- ■ ■ " "-'-■' ''■■'^'■' ''■^- '■«TJ6a 



-i- th- ;vv , KUna ^>n't:^\V: 


(From the original account presented by the late Dr. 
A. G. GrinncMi.) 

'' In 1760 Alexander and John Spotswood, sons of Col. John 
Spotswood, of "Newpost," Spotsyh^ania, Va., were sent to Eton 
by their guardian Bernard Moore, of "Cheslea," King William 
County. Their father was dead and their mother married 
again to a j\Ir. Camjjbell. For two years their exj^enses were 
promptly j^aid; but after tliat no remittances were sent, and the 
boys were left penniless. Various suras were paid for them by 
Mrs. Campbell of Lf)ndon, mother of their stej^father; but her 
m.eans were limited. A great aunt, Mrs. Brayne, and an uncle, 
Francis Dandridge, lived in London; but declined to aid them. 
It is probable that the Spotsv.ood estate in Virginia had become 
involved. Finally in 1764, the boys were sent back to Virginia. 
Soon after their return Alexander Spotswood remitted the 
amount due to Wm. Hunter, a merchant, of London; but about 
the time it was received Hunter became bankrupt, and the 
generous Mrs. Young, w*ith whom they boarded at Eton re- 
ceived nothing. Mrs. Young's heirs made earnest attempts 
to collect the debt, and sent to Va. the itemized bills printed 
below; but when Alexander Spotswood, was called on in 1788 
for payment, he refused, claiming he had already remitted the 
amount. The bill was never paid. It was a shabb}' business 
unworthy of the stock to which the boys belonged. Alexander 
Spotswood became a brigadier-general in the Revolution and 
John a captain. For a more detailed account see the William 
and Mary Quarterly II, 113-120. It is curious that one of the 
few remaining accounts of a boy's expense at Eton in the Eigh- 
teenth Century should have been found in Virginia. 



An account for the two Mars. Spotswoods Board etc. at Eton 

for half a year 


Endin- July 8''' 1762 '''^'^'' 

.!'i ::, 'i 




Candles . 1 

Scholelire ' " '" 


Schole s\vee[)ing 



chapel clerk 


Oave the postman at Xmas 


Do. the bellman 



Letters— P-3^— a parcel d"^ ' 



Hair cutting 



Shoes mending 



Errands to Windsor when ill 


3 ' 

Making & mark'g 6 Handks. 


a nurse 12 days 


Her diet 


Post chaise to Windsor when ill of whooping cough 


" ! 

The post boy ... 

G - ' 

Pictures for painting W'n ill ^ "^ ' 

G ' ^' 

Coach hire at Easter 


'■ ' 

In pocket 


[ ^ 

April 8^" 


P'' Mrs. Lee for their board etc. when ill of whooping 

cougji 12 


2 ' ' 

P^ for markg. 12 shirts 1 


'" '' 

Gave the serv*« for them for Xmas, as usual pr. order 


6 . ■ 

Wine for whey etc. 


6 ■" 

Coach hire after Easter .... , 


For seeing Johnson , ^^ *'^'*.^. 


Coach hire at Election ^ '^''' 


In pocket ^ 




Their weekly allowance from Jan'ry IV^ 16"^ a week 

to April 17 


Do. to May 3-^ IQ'i a week x 1- ^^ 


Do. to July 26'*' Is a week '' ' ''' "^ ' 1 


Fire in chamber since Xmas 1 



H 1 


^d teoiuq 


■tj \y lit /i 

J'jMr.'oq a J. 

■ftX 7o! nr 


islend'g Linen 


• Their Board due as abo\x' 





P'' for 2 p'^ of shoes 



r'^ . & •: <;t ;V 

Canned over . 




Brought over 



^ To Dr. Dampier 




_ To Mrs. Foster .^^,,, 
The \vriting Master 





2 aecompt Books 



The cobler cleaning shoes 


The Bookseller 



The Shoemaker 




Clothes mend'g etc. 





The bills for Hats etc. 




The dancing master, li ^ year April 1762 



The drapers bill 




A key to bureau 



Ivory comb 



Large do. & Brush 



Buckles & Buttons 




The Apothecary 




Total ' 108 8 

An account for the two Master Spotsvvoods Board etc. at Eton 
for half a year ending Jan'ry 8"' 17()3 


Schole Candles, 3\ Fire there, [V 

Schole sweeping 

Chapel clerk 

P'' for their being at a lodging 8 days on account of 

Mrs. Campbells saying they had the Itch. 
Coach hire after Election 












T^vo L9rn/B3 






Errands while they were at their lodging ,f \ ; 

.« . 



for the o^"^ fonn *• '• i::;.i 


Shoes mending 



Hair cutting 

P'l for cleaning 4 suits of clothes 


Letters J «-6^ Parcels 6^ 


Their staying at Eton, a week & 3^ of the 


holidays, at 10' 6'^ a week each 




Fire and candles for that time 



Coach hire after that to London 


In pocket 


Their v/eekly allowance to Dec"" 20*'' 



Fire in cham'' to Xmas 



Mending linen 


Their l)nard due as above 


Can-ied over 







Brought over 




To Dr Dampier ; ' 



To Mrs. Foster 



The writing master • 



The Cobler cleaning shoes 


The Bookseller 




The Shoemaker 




The Bill for Hats etc. 



The (lancing master lo year Oct"^ -.l \h ■-, 



Combs and Brush 



Keys to Bureau and Cupboard 



The serv** for Elec'n last p' order 



Asses Milk omitted before 


for washing waistecoats 



The dancing master a qua"' to Jan'ry 1763 Omitted 2 





By the Bill end'g July 8*'' 1702 




172 5 




•**0S •'r>:>a 


.I-A3 IttSV sn' 




July 29^'^ 1763 Rec'd by Mrs. Young, of Mrs. Camp- " 

bell in part of this accompt 04 9 7 

Remains due on this account 

107 15 

An account for the 2 master Spotswoods Board etc. at Eton for 
half a year ending July 8"' 1763 


Schole fire 

Schole sweeping 

Chapel Clerk 

Coach hire after Xmas 

The postman 

The bellman 

Car of trunk 

Letters P-6'' Parcels P 

Shoes mend'g 

Hair cutting 

making stocldngs etc. ,tj 

Coach hire at Easter 

In pocket 

Coach hire after Easter 

Errands to Windsor when ill 

Salt m,oney 

Montem Poles 

Ala: A man & horse to Egham to Mrs. Campbell 

when ill 
Ma; A nurse a fortnight 
Her diet 

Wine for whey at several times ■ Xr^is 
Gave them pr. order 
Air: for the 3'' Fomi 

Ma: Knife and Fork ; 

Scouring 2 suits Cloaths 
Staying a week & half of Xmas Holidays, at Eton as 1 1 1 















































JnyooaB »Mt «<> « 

I ab' 





Hi noffv/ 10 



rit».{qmi:0 ?.-tM 0* frr^:ri;^H oJ 'Jirioti „ 










Fire and candle for that time 

Post chaise at Election 

In pocket 

Their weekly allowance to Auj^' 

Fire in chamber since Xmas 

Mending Linen 

Their Board due as above 

Share of Montem dinners omitted above 

Carried over 

Brought over 

To Dr. Dampier 

To Mrs. Foster 

The Writing master 

The Cobler for cleaning shoes 

The Bookseller 

The Shoemaker 

The Taylor omitted in last bill 

Mr. Charter's bill 

The dancing ma"" l^ a year each 

Gave the serv'* at Xmas 

The Bill for Combs, Buckles etc. 

Key to Bureau etc. 













8 , 



9 \ 




d ., 




9 , 












• <i 







8 ■ 






9 . 






6 [ 


2 '; 



6 . 



10 , 

' ■' 



7 ', 


Due on the bills ending Jan'ry 8"' 1763 

179 7 5 
Theii- staying at Eton a week & half at Xmas 1762, 

charged by mistake a second time 111 6 


177 15 11 

J']^ I T) 

J 6 
" ?. 

■ '■I 


ii 1 



t^ i^ 







5vod« bvSUisr rffiflri 




An account for the Masters Spotswoods board etc. for half a 
3'ear ending Jan'ry 8"', 1704 







Schole candles 


Schole Fire 


Schole sweeping 



Chapel clerk 


Coach hire after election ^ 


Letters P, parcel 6'^ 



vShoes mending • ■ ' ■ ^w > 



Hair cutting 


Marking stockings 


Omitted in last bill a nurse with iVlaior 


Each a knife & fork 


Coach hire at Xmas 


In pocket 


Their weekly allowance to Dec^ 12^'^ 




Fire in chamber to Xmas 




1\ lending linen 



I'licir board due as above '" ^■'' '■> 

'■... <^> 





To Dr. Dampier 




To Mr. Foster 



The writing master ' ''•^' * " -i'\' - 




The Cobler 


The Bookseller " ' "^''"- '■ ' 




The Shoemaker '•'''• "^ 





The Taylor for clothes mend'g 




Mr. Charters 's bill 




The dancing Master 




Gave the serv*'' at Election 




Combs & Brush 



Knee Buckles 


The apothecary 



Washing waistcoats 






Due on their bill to July 8"^ 1703 








Mw 9;n.jn 



An account for Masters Spotswood's board etc. at Eton for halt 
a year ending July 8*'' 1764 




Candles ■..f 


Schole fire 


vSchole sweepin^^ 



chapel clerk 


Coach hire after Xmas 


Gave the ixDstman , ,,,.Kr $■■ 


Do. the bellman 


Parcels— P-6'i— Letters in Feb'y 


Hair cutting 


Shoes mending 



Coach hire to Lon: in Feb'y 


In pocket 


Coach hire Fm. Lon: in Feb'y then 


mark'g Stockings 



gave them p" order 


Ala: Coach hire at Easter ■,"» iTu-i, . 


Li pocket 



Ma: Share of horses & man out twice with him a 


Easter .,.^., ^ 


Gave him then 


Gave him more p"" order 



Their weekly allowance from Jan'ry 9 to Aj^ril 23^ 



ma: Coach hire after Easter 


ma: Share of man and horse after him to London 



ma: Coach hire to L<jndon Avhen he left scliole 


In pocket 



Their weekly allowance from April 


Fire in cham'' since Xmas 



mending linen 


Their board due as above 


Carried over 







Brought over 




To Dr. Dampier 








^V.fp'^ Efi :n» 

ftorf.) y'd ■ 







jG mid rfim £>oiwj juj riBm s6 ■^;-: -w ■ 









"SlTnqAo^JOYn'r. ' 









[htfA ni 










19-. ■ 


To Mr. Foster 

The writing Master , ,,^„., ^. \,. j,,,, j.,;. r,,,. p,,_ 

The Cobler 

The Bookseller -i .Av :>-''' i:u.(\ i 

'J'hc Shoemaker 

Clothes mend'g at y*^ Taylors 

Mr. Charters 's bills 

The dancing Master 

Gave the Servants p'' order 

Combs & Brushes 

Buckles .,_,,() f/j;.,, V I. '-.>.- - ■ '''i 

A key to cupboard 

P^ their debt pr. order: 

i^'' Mrs Jones 

I^^ Simon Bath 

I''' three bovs 

G2 2 5 

By their account ending Jan'ry 8''' 1764, as sent to 

Col. Moore 238 15 53^ 

April 24'i' 1704— Rec'd. of Mrs. Campbell, by Mrs. 
Youngs draft to Mr. Benwell on part of this ac- 
onmt 30 

270 nioK, 

Over charged in the Taylor's bill to DeC^ 5*^^ 2 







n. 2 






















270 15101.2 
Fire & candles for Xmas Holidays 1702 charg'd by 

mistake a second time 4 

Total due 270 111034 

Extracts from the Books of the late Mary Young deced. 

The Two Master's Spotswood came first to Eton Jan'r\- 8"^ 

It was agreed that they should pay £ s d 

P^or board, each 25 

pr. Ann: Candles Do 10 


'•■'j'' - ■:- . 


Fire Do 1 10 
Mending linen 10 
& that Mrs. Youn.i^ should charge in her bill for en- 
trance each t) <> 
The first 3^ yr. end'g July 8"' 1760 ] 10 15 
Second, end'g Jan'ry 1701 60 14 6 
Third end'g July 1761 .t>v-.. :x. v ,,■■. v.. '.V, 88 17 
Fourth cnd'g Jan'ry 1762 ' 64 5 11 

Total ^" ' \ '■ . 

Fur the iirst end'g July 1760 Mrs. Young rec'd 
The second rec'd 
The third rec'd 
The fourth rec'd 


The two last sums Mrs. Young rec'd by her draft to Mr. 
Benwell on Mr. Usher. 



















on / ?iM 0. 



,\v'»,*y,:lB..»'.. S\^!:h 


Index to Virginia Wills. 

Mr. William Claylon Torrence, Curator of the Valentine Museum, 
Richmond, Va., has almost ready for the press, an index to all the wills 
in Virginia, and the older West Viiginia counties from the earliest dates 
to 1800. Mr. Torrence compiled the "Spotsylvania County Records" 
for the series published by the late W. A. Crozier, is one of the editors 
(jf the "William and Mary Quarterly," and is otherwise well-known for 
his very wide and accurate knowledge of Virginia Records. This work 
(which may be truly styled a gigantic task) will be indispensable to all 
interested in Virginia history and genealogy. The price is $5.00, though 
it is understood that Mr. Torrence does not wish any money to be re- 
mitted until the book i'; ready. There sliould l)e u dc-inand which sliould 
c'xhaiist tin- edition snuii after it appears. 

Copy of a Letter from Sir Peyton Skipwitii of Prestwolld, Mecklen- 
bURc: Co., Va. to Jean Miller — 7th September 1788. 

Prestwould 7th Sepr 1788 
My dearest Jean 

I inclose with infinite satisfaction a letter from the Revd. Mr. Jno 
Cameron to Mr. Scot. Mr. Cameron is a Man of great caution, good 
understanding, and as favorably thought of as any Clergyman in the State 
ot V irginia. I therefore hope his opinion will have the weight with You, 
1 wish it to have, and determine you imediately to compleat a Union on 
which my future happiness so much, & so imediately depends. I have 
letters to show you from the most eminent Characters in the Law equally 
favourable to our purpose. 

Mr. Scot in consecjuenee o[ information from various persons, will not 
1 believe hesitate one moment to join our hands. Very soon it will be in 
my power to take my departure foi Corotoman, & if my dearest Girl, 1 
can prevail 1 will be accompanied by Lady Skipwith and not Miss Miller. 
I send Juba over immediately, with [will?] my dearest Miss Miller, allow 
me to mention to my dear Daughter, the probability of my being accom- 
panied by her Mother & not her Aunt. I pray tell me what I shall say 
to her upon the subject, it will have the effect of producing a letter from 
her, to you of va ery agreable nature. Consider my dear Jean, we are 

i(5« ^ihi'd: 

■,■,_;_ NOTES AND QUERIES. 191 

loosing time and if you have any regard for my liappiness, such a union 
must take place, an(*^^e sooner the better. 

1 am truly and affectionately yours 

Peyton Skijjwilh 
1 missed my Fever last niizhl and shall accompany his Reverence to 

(The letter is addressed) 
Miss Miller 
by Harry 

[Sir Peylon Skipvvith, Bart., of Prestwould, Mecklenburg Co., married 
l.t Ann, d.uightcr of Hugh Miller, and secondly her sister Jean Miller. 
i;\ idcnlly the question of marriage with a deceased wife's sister" had 
been rais( il by the clergyman. Sir Peyton's eldest son, Sir Grey, was 
barn Sejjt. 17, 1771, and was devised a considerable estate in England by 
a tlistant kinsman. He removed to that country; but all of his brothers 
and sisters remained in Virginia. Sir Peyton Skipwith's daughter, Lelia, 
married C}eorge Carter of "Corotoman" — hence the reference to the visit 
to that place.] 

John Tayloe II AND His Children. 

July 11th, 1747, Hon. John Tayloe II married Rebecca Plater of "Sot- 
tenberg," Md., Daughter of Hon. George Plater II of "Sotterley" (who 
was Secretary and Deputy-Governor of Maryland). They had eight 
daughters and only one son: 

1. Elizabeth Tayloe, b. March 6th, 1750; m. Nov. 19th, 1767, Hon. 
Col. Edward Lloyd IV of "Wye House," Md. 

2. Rebecca Tayloe, born 1752; m. Francis Lightfoot Lee (brother 
of Richard Henry Lee), Va. 

3. Anne Coibin Tayloe, b. 1753; m. Maj. Thomas Lomax of Port 
Tobago, Va. 

4. Eleanor Tayloe, b. 1756; m. her cousin, Hon. Ralph Wormeley of 
"Rosegill," Va. 

5. Mary Tayloe, b. 1759; m. her cousin Hon. Mann Page of "Manns- 
field," Va. 

6. Catherine Tayloe, b. 1761; m. Col. Landon Carter, of "Sabine 
Hall," Va. 

7. Sarah (Sally) Tayloe, b. 1765; m. Col. Wm. Augustine Washington 
of " Hayfield," Va. 

8. Jane Tayloe, b. 1774; m. Col. Robert Beverley, of "Blandfield," Va. 
Hon. John Tayloe III, only son and heir of "Mt. Airy." Born. Sept. 

1771; m. Anne Ogle, daughter of CJov. Samuel Ogle, of Maryland and 
Anne Tasker, his wife. He had a number of sons but left "Mt. Airy", 
his family estate to his second son: 

■H vff 


William Taylor II of "Mt. Airy" who married his cousin Henrietta 
Ogle, the daughter of the Hon. Benjamin Tasker Ogle, son of Cjov. Sam- 
uel Ogle and Anne Tasker his wife. 

Henry Augustine Taylor, only son and heir of "Mt. Airy," married 
lyGO, Courtenay Chinn of Va., and his family are now the occupants of 
this celebrated and beautiful "Old Homestead." 


Morris, Northumberland County. 

Nicholas Morris was a Justice of Northumberland County as early as 
1G52. The list of Justices for the county in attendance at their regular 
meeting, January 20, 1653, includes the names of Col. John Mottrom, Lt. 
Col. Geo. Fletcher, Mr. Thomas Speke, Mr. John Trussell, Mr. William 
Presly, Mr. Nicholas Morris, Mr. vSam. Smyth, Mr. Walter Brodhurst, 
Mr. John Hallowes. 

Nicholas Morris was born in 1605, as a deposition made .\'ovember 21, 
1653, gives his age as 48 years. His wife, Martha Morris, suued in 
Soi)tember 1055, that she was 46 years of age. Their children were 
-Anthony and Jane and to the former, Mr. Nicholas Morris assigned 500 
acres of land on January 20, 1655. Jane Morris became the wife of John 

The name of Nicholas Morris appears many times in the early records 
(if the County and he is shown to have been one of the able men who so 
(juickly made an orderly community of the "swarming settlers" from 
England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales and Holland. Not the least of their 
troubles in Northumberland County was to keep peace with the several 
small tribes of Indians already living there v/hen the settlers foimd this 
land of so much promise. 

An instance of this is found in a record of January 20, 1657, when the 
Court appointed Mr. Geo. Colelough, Mr. Nicholas Morris, Capt. Rich- 
ard Budd and Capt. John Rogers to make inquiry of the complaint of the 
Machoatick Indians concerning Mr. Isaac Allerton's seating upon their 

Nov. 20, 1658. Geo. Colelough who married Ursula, the widow of Col. 
John Mottrom delivered from this estate "unto Nicholas Morris 1 mare 
for the sole use and benefit of Jane Haynie, daughter of said Morris and 
now wife of John Haynie of said parish (Wicomico), Northumberland 
Co., Va." Witness: Peter Ashton, Richard Flynt. 

Many records associating the family of Nicholas Morris and that of 
Col. Mottrom would indicate some sort ot relationship, Init of this the 
writer has no direct proof. 

The will of Mr. Nicholas Morris was dated November 21, 1600, and 
was proved January 20, 1664. He gave to his son, Anthony, 550 acres of 


NOTES AND yUERiiiS. ' 193 

land on which he lived. To wife, Martha, among other bequests "yc 
Island," containing 506 acres, at the head of the river. He also men- 
tioned <laughtcr, Jane Haynie, his grandchildren, Martha, Elizabeth 
and Richard Haynie. 

The witnesses were Samuel and JeflFrey Gouche. 

In 1(>G5, Martha Morris married Thomas Lane, a large landowner of 
Northuiiibcrland County. 

Befon her marriage, she made a deed of gift to her son Anthony as 

U)05, July 15. Deed of gift from Martha Morris of Northumberland 
County, widow of Nicholas Morris, lately deceased, to her son Anthony 
Morris. (A list of stock and household goods follows.) The record 
further v> cites "likewise at his, the said Anthony's, day of marriage or 
the dete.-ise of the said Martha, 1 bed covering with Queen Elizabeth's 
Amies Ihcreon," etc. Witness: Nicholas Parrish, John Haynie. 

( )n th • same day, Thomas Lane bound himself "that by reason or cause 

ot marriage with the said Martha Morris within mentioned 1 will not 

at any Lime either by myself or my heyres clayme or demand any of 

the premises, goods or chattels within given to her son, Anthony Ivlorris. 

There are many records of sale of large tracts of land by Thomas Lane 
for several years and in 1G70, January 18, the following interesting ab- 
stract connecting him with Scotland. 

"Derd from Thomas Lane and Martha, his wife of Great Wicomoco 
parish to David Whitford, merchant of Edinburg, Scotland, for half of 
water mill on the branch of a creek issuing out of Great Wicomoco river, 
called Mrs. Dameron's Creek." 

The children of (1) Nicholas Morris and Morris, his wife were: (2) 
Anthony; (3) Jane. 

Anthony was evidently not married on July 15, 1665, according to his 
mother's deed of gift, but probably married soon after this, a daughter 
of Mr. Robert Kinge and Hanna, his wife. He married secondly Dor- 
othy, possibly Sanford. Anthony Morris died in 1GS2. Dorothy Morris, 
the widow, was granted administration of his estate on January 3, 1083, 
and she married Cuthbert Span, in the same year. 

A record of November 1 states "At the last Court it was ordere<i that 
Mr. Richard Harrington, Mr. John Wornum, Dennis Eyse and Clement 
Latimore should divide the estate of Anthony Morris, deceased, between 

Dorothy the relict and Jane, the Heyrc of said Morris and possess 

Cuthbert Spann in the behalf of the said Dorothy, his wife, with such 

part or parts which she shall chusc according to law and that they 

forthwith di-liver unto Capt. Haynie the said Jane her part." 

On 1 ).eember 20, 1083, it is stated the last Court ordered the estate of 
Anthony Morris should be divided between Jane, the daughter and Dor- 
othy, the relict of said Morris. An account thereof being brought b;' 
Capt. John Haynie his wife, being sister to the said Anthony Morr; ,. 


Eventually William King, uncle of Jane, the daughter of Anthony, was 
appointed her guardian. 

(3) Jane Morris, the second child of Nicholas and Martha Morris, as 
has been said, married John Haynie. On October 29, 1670, John Haynie 
and Jane, his wife, made 9 deed to James Nipper, and Jane was evidently 
living at the time of her brother Anthony's death. 

John Haynie was active in the public life of the County for nearly 
forty years, holding the offices of Burgess, King's Attorney, County 
Surveyor and Justice. He was also a commander in the Susquehannah 
war of 1G7S, and from that time was known as Capt. John Haynie. 

The Ivnown issue of Capt. Haynie and Jane Morris Haynie were: Martha 
Hlizabeth, Richard, Anthony, John, Jr., and Ann. 

Mrs. O. A. Keach, 

Wichita, Kansas. 

Confederate St.'Mes Debt. 

"Upon the suppression of the rebellion, the Federal Government de- 
clared the entire debts and liabilities of the Confederate Government 
cancelled. These very very considerable, the funded debt on the 1st 
October, 1864, amounting to £107,870,000, and the unfunded liabilities 
to £120,000,000 more, nominal value. 

The only portion of this debt held in this country was tlie 7 per cent. 
Cotton Loan, the prospectus of which stated: 

The Bonds to bear interest at the rate of 7 per cent, per annum, in 
sterling, from March 1st, 1S63, payable half yearly in London, Paris, 
Amsterdam, or Franlcfort. 

The Bonds exchangeable for cotton on application, at the option of the 
holder, or redeemable at par in sterling in twenty years, by half-yearly 
drawings, commencing March 1st, 1864. 

Agents for the Contractors in London, 

145 Leadenhall Street. 

'I'his loan has been contracted with Messrs. Emile Erlanger and Co., 
bankers, of Paris, by the Government of the Confederate States of Amer- 
ica, and is specially secured by an undertaking of the Government to de- 
liver cotton to the holders of the Bonds, on application after sixty days' 
notice, on the footing after mentioned. 

The nature of the arrangement is fully set forth in Article IV. of the 
contract made with Messrs. E. Erlanger and Co., which is as follows: 

"Each bond shall at the option of the holder be convertible at its 
nominal amount into cotton at the rate of 6d. sterling for each pound of 
cotton, say 4000 ll)s. of cotton for each bond of £100, or 2500 francs, and 
this at any time not later than six months after the ratification of a 
treaty of peace between the i)r<.'sent belligen'nts." 


It is at the same time provided, that holders who do not convert their 
Ijonds into cotton shall be entitled to retain their bonds, and receive 
interest at the rate of 7 per cent, per annum in sterling, paj'^able half 
yearl3'- in London, Paris, Amsterdam, or Frankfort, at the option of the 
holder, until repayment of the principal at par. 

An annual sinking fund of 5 per cent, is provided for, whereby 2\4 per 
cent, of the bonds unrcdemmed by cotton shall be drawn by lot half 
yearly; the first drawing to take efTect on the 1st of March, 18G4, and 
to be continued on the 1st of September following, and on the 1st of March 
and 1st of September in every succeeding year, so as finally to extinguish 
the loan in twenty years from the date of the first drawing. 

The Bonds to be issued at 90 per cent. 

No interest has been paid on these bonds since March, 18(55, and a 
commiUee of the holders was formed in 1866, which reported that bonds 
to the full amount of £3,000,000 had been issued, of which £376,000 had 
been exclianged for cotton certificates, and £204,600 cancelled by the 
operation of the sinking fund, leaving in circulation bonds to the amotint 
of £2,418,000. It was argued that the separate States forming the Con- 
federacy were liable for this loan; and an endeavour was made to have it 
included as one of the claims to be settled under the Treaty of Washing- 
ton, along with the Alabama claims; but the Government refused so to 
include it, and nothing further has since been heard of Confederate Cotton 
Loan Bonds." — Fenn on the English and Foreign Funds, 12th. Edi. Effing- 
ham Wilson, London, 1874, Pages 490 and 497. 

Indian Rekerences found in Surveyor's Notes— Pittsylvania Co. 
(Contributed by Mrs. N. E. Clement, Chatham, Va.) 

Oct. 1743. William Buttrom enters for 400 acres on North side of 
Smith's River beginning at the lower end of an Indian Field. 

Sept. 1746. Major Richard Booker enters for 400 acres beginning below 
the Great Indian Fields of Ready Creek of Irwin River. 

Nov. 1746. Robt. Jones, Jr., Wm. Wynne and others by Order ol 
Council for 3000 acres beginning on Irwin River below the Great Bent 
at a place commonly called the Indian Grove. 

Ap. 1747. Tucker Woodson enters for 400 acres beginning at the 
mouth of a branch that comes into Pig River on the South side near the 
Indian Town. 

Ap. 1747. Wm. Hill enters for 400 acres on both sides Blaclcwater 
River, beginning about four miles above the Indian Fields. 

July 1747. Wm. Gray and others by Order of Council for 5000 acres 
begimiing at the foot of Indian fields Mountains, running on the branches 
of Irwin River. 




1738. Jno. Leonard enters for 400 acres on Stanton River beg. at first 
bold branch above Seneca (Creek). 

1747. Henry Stone enters for 400 acres on North fork of Mayo above 
Piney Mount be}.;inning at the end of an Indian Old Field. 

Ap. 1748. Roger Turner, jr., 400 acres beg. at the Indian fort 3 or 4 
miles above the mouth of Hatchet River on Pig River. 

Ap. 1748. Daniel Rion 200 acres beginning at the Indian Town on the 
South Branch of Otter Creek. 

1718. James Terry enters 400 acres Beginning where Nicholas Scott's 
Path crosses Shocko Crcik. 

July 1748. James Terry enters 400 acres br)th sides Indian Fort Creek, 
beginning at Benton's lower line. 

1718. Paul Carrington 400 acres on iMiddle Fork of Mayo, near an 
Indian Old Field. 

July 1753. VVm. Wynne had leave 4th May 1753 to take up 2000 acres 
joining the Lines of his survey Land on Dan River Beginning at a Branch 
below the old Indian Fort, running up Rutledge's Creek. 

1754. David Healy 400 acres Beginning at a place called the Indian 
Grove on Smith River. 

1762. Major Gibson 400 acres on Potter's Creek at the Big Fork above 
the Indian Fields. 

I7u2. David Liles 400 acres on Mayo River Beginning against the 
Cane Brake above the fort. 

17G2. John Harris 400 acres on Sycamore Creek including the Indian 
old Fields. 

17G3. \Vm. Codings 400 acres on Potter's Oeek beginning at the 
Upper line of the Indian Field. 

17G6. Waters Dunn 400 acres on So. side Smith River beg. at Ran- 
dolph's Corner just above the Indian Grove. 

1769. Thotnas Smith 400 acies on the head of the Camp Branch & 
towards Smith's Spring br. Including the Indian Camping place. 

Relationship Between Governor Berkeley and the Ludwells. 

I chanced the other day to di.scover the Gov. Wm. Berkeley's grand- 
father's sister Jane, married Philip Cottington of Bruton, and that her 
daughter Jane married Tli'-,a. Ludv/e!l, the father of Thos. and Philip 
Ludwell of Va. 1 do not think it is known that Gov. Berkeley and the 
Ludwell's were second cousins, and thought that the discovery, if it is 
one. would interest vou. 




Jane Berkley--=Philip Cottington 

(A sister of Sir 
Maurice Berkele}' 

o!' Bruton 
Will proved 1581) 

of Bruton, Som- 


Thos. Lii(lvvell=Jane Cottington 
ol Jhulon I of Bruton 

ONV.T. S:\V. 

Philip=rLacy dau. of Mary Margaret Sarah Jane 


of Bruton 

Robt. Higginson 

of Brutou 

& Va. 

(and widow of 

in Va. 1(112. 

Maj. Lewis Burwell 
& Coll. Wm. Bernard 
II. Frances Culpepper, 
widow of Governor 
Sir Wm. Berkeley, 
and wife of Maj. 
Samuel Steppens of 
Mulberry Island, 

H. J. 

[Governor Sir William Berkeley's grandfather was not Maurice; but 
Henry. .Sir Maurice Berkeley, of Bruton, who died in 1581, was his great 
grandfather. This Sir Maurice Berkeley, in his will, names four daugh- 
ters, neither of them named Jane. Jane, who married Philip Cottington, 
must have been a daughter of Sir Richard Berkeley of Stoke Gifford, who 
died in 1514. Thos. Ludwell who emigrated to Virginia was born in 1628. 
This was 114 years after the death of Sir Richard Berkeley, making a 
very long period for the two intervening generations. It is to be hoped 
that our valued correspondent may be able to clear up any doubtful 
points in this interesting descent.] 


I would be veiy grateful for the insertion of the following query in 
some early issue of the Magazine: 

Wanted to know anything definite concerning the parentage and an- 
cestry of Fllzabeth Offutt. Her hrst marriage about 174G, was to 

.a .1 ,M 


t m 


Stephen Lewis and both are said to have been of Fairfax Co. Va. Her 
second marriage was to Colonel William Douglas of "Garrallan" Lou- 
doun Co., Va. She had five Lewis children and five Douglas children. 

George C. Downing, 
' ' ' Principal Frankfort (Ky.) High School. 

Note on thr Caui-er ok Colonel Willj.\.\i Tatham. 

In ihe October 1916 issue of the William and Mary College Quarterly, 
appears the very interesting obituary notice of William Tatham (d. 
1819), drawn from the Richmond Enquirer. The meagre information 
in Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography might have been long 
since supplemented by the extended article in the Dictionary of National 
Biography which is based on the same materials as those used by the 

William Tatham's history supplies another item in the voluminous 
documents falling under the head of Calamities of Pioneers. Tatham 
was actively identified with three of our states, besides his native Eng- 
land. Coming out to Virginia in 1709 he was employed as clerk by 
Carter and Trent, "merchants on James River." Thence he removed 
about 1775 to the Watauga Settlement, Tennessee, where John Carter 
was from the first an important figure. Was John Carter of Watauga the 
Carter of Carter and Trent? In 1770 the petition of the Watauga settle- 
ment to be annexed to North Carolina was signed by John Carter as 
Chairman and William Tatham as Clerk. [North Carolina Colonial 
Records X, 708-710; Ramsey, ?Iistory of Tennessee, 133-13S]. Having 
served in the Revolution, William Tatham found himself in North Caro- 
lina. In 1787 he was a member of the North Carolina House of Com- 
mons, from Robeson County, being nominated dxiring his term for elec- 
tion to the Continental Congress. In 1788 he was named Trustee of 
Lumberton, in Robeson County, of which he is reckoned the foimder. 
In Spain and England for ten years after 179i5, Tatham was during 1806 
engaged in a survey of the North Carolina Coast. April 1, 1806, Repre- 
sentative J. Clay presented in Congress propositions "for the purchase by 
the government of William l^atham's collection of books, manuscripts, 
maps, (S'c, relating to the topography and public economy of the United 
States, to form the basis of a department of works and public economy," 
submitting a letter from Tatham to explain the objects of his investiga- 
tions, with a descriptive schedule of his collection and a view of the 
benefits which government miglit derive from the establishment of an 
institution of works and public economy. Also submitted a letter frcjm 
James Monroe certifying to Tatham's scientific re[)utati<)n. Again in 
1817 Tatham offered to sell his collection (jf toi)ograi)hiea) documents to 


NOTES AND QUERIES. <.u;*.v,wk 199 

the UniLcd States government, mentioning his services in laying the 
foundiitidii of a topographical establislmient, and emphasizing the im- 
portance of the data furnished in the collection to the adjustment (jf 
boundaries with Great Britain. [Ninth Congress, 1st session; Four- 
teenth Congress, 2nd session, of Poore's Index.] 

Tathaiii had eaiMy begun to form jilans for a general topographical 
survey. In 1791 the Genei-al Assembly of Virginia passed an act author- 
izing him to raise by way of lottery a sum of money, not exceeding four 
tliousand pounds, to enable him to complete the geographical work in 
wliich Ik: \vas then engaged. [Ilening, XllI, 318.1 After the refusal by 
Congress Lo approjiriate $5000 in 1817 for the purchase of Colonel Tath- 
am's top(ji;raphical documents, an act passed the general assembly of 
Virginia, under which additional managers v/ere appointed to carry into 
elTrel thi art of 1791, regarding the Tatham lottery. February 9th, 1819, 
was th. (late of this act. February 22nd, Colonel Tatham was killed 
(possibly a suicide) in the Capitol Square at Richmond. March 11th 
following, it was resolved by the General Assembly that the Board of 
Public Works be empowered to purchase such of the books, maps, charts 
and mathematical instruments belonging to the late Colonel William 
Tatham, as they might deem proper — sum not to exceed five hundred 

It would probably be difficult now to find a complete set of Colonel 
Tatham's published works, regarding Tennessee and the West; Virginia; 
the Commerce and Agriculture of the United States; English canals and 
internal navigations, &c. To the lists given in the Dictionary of Nation- 
al Biography and in Appleton's Cyclopaedia should be added an "Address 
to the Shareholders and others interested in the Canals of Virginia. 
Pamphlet Svo. Richmond 1794." (see, Allibone, and Library of Con- 
gress Printed Catalogue, 1840, p. 549). This item is of especial interest 
as showing that Colonel Tatham's mind was occupied with Canals before 
his return to England in 179G. A. J. Morrison. 

Tuii: Wilson F.\mily of Piuncess Anne, Norfolk, &c. 
Thomas Wilson, the Emigrant from the Island of Great Britain, inter- 
married with a Miss Willis [There is no record evidence for Thos. Wilson 
or his wife] and settled in Princess Ann Co., at or near the Poplar Grove, 
where he raised a numerous family of sons and daughters. John the elder is 
understood to have early moved up the Chesapeake bay and most likely, 
settled on the waters of the Potomac. Solomon and Willis intermarried 
in the Neighbourhood of their birth and raised large families of childu'n. 
Samuel the third son, intermarried with a Miss Mason and died in Nor- 
folk, about the year 1710, leaving his wife pregnant, who bore him a son 
named Willis, who came into the care of his Uncle Solomon Wilson. He 
was a clerk to one of the County Courts of that Section of the Country. 


Willis having been instructed in the- art of navi,<?ation which was a 
favorite pursuit of the family made himself vvhat was at that day termed 
a soa captain. In his voyage up James River he became accjuainted with 
a Miss Goodiich, with whom he intermarried about the year n?t2 and 
had or left an only son by the name of Benjamin, born 2()th Dec. 1733 at or 
near the mouth C)f the Chickahominy River, the patrimonial estate of 
his grandfather Benjamin Goodrich who left two dauj.;hters Elizabeth 
the wife of Willis Wilson and the wife of Samuel Boush of Norfolk. Willis 
WJ] sxn died in the year 1740, a member of the Huuse of Burgesses, his son 
Be ijamin being disappointed in the enjoyment of his patrimionial estate 
from his father and mother, she having married a second husband trans- 
ferred his interest, with her own to him, and his great uncle Solomon 
WiLsun, who raised his father, had dissipated what belonged to him, so 
that Benjamin had very slender means with which he moved at an early 
age. and settled on tlie Willis River in the County of Cumberland, about 
the year 1750. 

lie intermarried with ."^nne Seay daughtc r of James Seay a Hugeunot 
family from the waters of York River and had issue seven sons and si.K 
daughters, Alary, l'"li<Labeth, Willis. Benjamin, Anne, James, Mason, 
Samuel, Mathew, Ale.xandL-r, Goodrich, Mantua and Unity. 

Benjamin Wilson died the 27th Oct. 1811, and Anne his wire on the 26th 
of April 1811, having lived together and wife si.xty years, the wife 
being one year the youngest. 

This record was made by Willis Wilson in his family Bible He died 
at Bonbrook, his residence in Cumberland Co. Feb. 10th 1822. 

Alary, oldest daughter of Benjamin Wilson and Anne Seay married 
Thomas Munford of Cumberland Co., their onh' child Mary Thomas 
Mi.nford married Joseph Hobson of Cumberland and they lived at the 
Bl'nheimEstat(! in I'owhatanCo. and had the following children: Pho?be 
.\nru', Josjpii Virginius, Thomas Ludwill, Maria, Mary, John (^aleb, 
i-avinia, Sarah Booker, and Willis Wilson. 

Phoebe Aime married Hilary Harris of Buck Hill, Louisa County. 
They lived at Mill Quarter, Powhatan Co. and had the following child- 
n.'n: Alary Maria, Joseph, Anne kavinia, John Wilson, Hilary Valentine, 
Christiana, Abner, Sarah Octavia, Willis Overton, Martha Pryor and 
Fanny Morton. 

GENEALOGY. ' M \(..A'iJ3NI!.. 201 


Yeardley — Flowerdewe — West. 
Notes from English Records in reference to the Yeardley, Flow 


siANtE oi'^ Mr. Guikfin C. Callahan, Philadelphia, Pa. 

(.Continued) , , -,, ,-y 

Vv'il) of John Yerdley of the Wood, in the par. of Audeley, co. vStafFord, 
husbandman, dated IG June 1.591. 


I desin,' to be buried in Audeley churchyard. I give to my eldest son 
John Yerdley 12d. To my son RonduU 12d. To my daughter Ales 
Meredeth 20s. To James Cooton 40s. To my wife Ales my term in a 
pasture called Tiddursley, & the third part of my goods. To William & 
Richard my younger sons, and to Elnor & Anne my dauj^hters, the residue 
oi my goods. 

Executors. Ales my wife & William my son. 

Overseers. John Yerdley my son, & Roger Sparrie. 

Witness. Roger Sparrie, John Bromely. : 

Proved 22 September 1591. 


Will of James Yeardley of Awdley, co. Stafford, black.smith dated 29 

August 1592. - - 


I desire to be buried in Awdeley Churchyard. I give to William & 
John, sons of Raphe Sa.xon, (is. 8d. each. To Margaret Alger 26s. 8d.; to 
Raphe Noden (5s. 8d., to Thomas, son of Thomas Noden, 13s. 4d.; to 
William, sun of Robert Vernon 6s. Sd. To the five daughters of John 
Bromall (is. 8d. each. To Ales Heathe, my illegimate daughter, 28s. 
To John Yardley, my illegitimate son, all my ironware in Whitchurche 
& Nantwiche, and a mare & cow. To Margaret & EUene Yeardley, 
daughters of John Yeardley, a coffer each. I bequeath the residue of 
my goods to my said son John. 

Executor. My said son John. 

Overseers. Thomas Noden & Thomas Addams. 

Witnesses. Roger Sparry, Thomas Noden. ■ ' 

Proved 10 October 1592. 

I! : 1. . 

■ ) (liW 



Will of Rondnll Yardley of Audeley, co. Stafford, yeoman, dated 24 
AlUTust 1G09. 


I desire to be buried in Audeley Churchyard. 1 bequeath to James 
Cotton, my sister's son, £6, and some household goods. To Edward 
Betchson, my servant, a ewe & lamb. I give the residue of my goods to 
Kllen my wife. I owe £5 to my brother, John Yeardley. 

Executrix. Ellen my wife. 

Witnesses. George Audeley, gentleman, Roger Sparrie & Margerie 

Proved 7 November IGO'J. 

The inventory of RonduU Yardley's goods was valued by George 
Audeley, Roger Sparrie & William Yerdeley. 

Lich field 

Will of John Yeardley of Myles Greene in the parish of Audeley, cu. 
Stafford, husbandman, dated 11 July, 1612. 


I desire to be buried in Audeley churchyard. 1 give to my son John 
1-d. To my daughter Elline 12d. To my daughter Anne 12d. I be- 
I lueath the residue of my goods to Anne my wife & Ridhard my son, my 
.said son to have no interest or title in the said goods during the life of his 
mother. I beciueath to John &- Anne, the children of William Motter- 
shawe, 3s. 4d. each. 

Executors. My wife Anne & my son Richard. 

Overseer. Roger Sparry. 

Witnesses. William Shillitoe [?J & others [unnamed.] 

Proved 27 NovL-mber 1012. 


Will of Raphaell Yardley of Awcote, co. Warwick, dated 29 November 


I beciueath to Amye my wife all my goods and chattels whatsoever 
fur her sole &: proper use during her life, and after her death to be dis- 
tributed amongst my children [unnamed] at her discretion. 

[Executrix. My wife Amye. 

Witnes. Henry Baron. ' •■'• I'v - '"." »•» i»ty k»»"<-i- 

Proved 6 June 1G15. 


Will of Ellin Yardley of Woore, co. Salop, widow dated 15 May 1620. 


I l)equi-ath to my niece Anne Whilmore some household goods. I 


GENEALOGY. s' ;. j MA...' 203 

give the residue of my goods to my daughters Margery Aiuilcy. I give 
to my nephew Thomas Audlcy certain debts due to me from William 
Cotton, John Welch, Roger Sparrey & John Sillito, blacksmith. 1 make 
ray son in law George Audley my lawful attorney to recover the said 
debts to the use of my said nephew, Thomas Audley. 

Executor. My son in law George Audley. 

Witnesses. Erasmus Rogers, Thomas Whitmorc and John Hansan. 

Proved 1G23, July 8th. 

[N. B. 1'he calendar gives her as Ellen Yardley of Muckleston.| 


Will of Margaret Yardley late of Audcley, now of Bowers in Staiuidon 

parish, co. Stafford, spinster, dated 15 December 1G29. 


I give to my brother Richard Yardley 40s.; to my sister Margery 
Hurlebutt -lOs.; to my sister Anne Garrat £6; to my sister Johane Worth 
£G; to my sister Elizabeth Hilditch £10 & a featherbed; to my sister 
Eilenor Stevenson £10; to William son of my sister Elizabeth Hilditch 
.)s., & to her other children 20s. between them. I give 20s. each to my 
brother William Yardley's children, and to his daughter Elizabeth a 
Ijot. To my sister Anne's children 5s. each. To the poor of the parish 
ofAudeley lOs. I bequeath the residue of my goods to mj' brother Will- 
iam Yardley 

Executor. My brother William Yardley. 

Witnesses. Frauncis Broughton, W^illiam Lynne, Johane Macliin, 
ICllenor Braddocke, Mary Yardley William Radhinfi'l 

Proved [1629]. 


Will of Rolxrt Yardley of Radford, co. Warwick, yeoman, dated 10 
February 163S-9 


I bequeath to my wife Mary the close called Waters Close & two roonis 
in my dwelling house. I give to my eldest son Joshua the rest of my lands 
to him & his heirs forever. To my youngest daughter Margarett Yardley 
L'lO. To iny son Robert Yardley £S. To the poor of Radford 5s. To 
the church of Radford 20s. I desire my wife to pay each of my grand- 
children 1 2d. 

Executor. Joshua Yardley. 

Overseer. George Browne Esq. 

Witnesses. Robert Yardley the younger, Thomas Barker. 

Proved 18 November KMO. 


£06 .raojAmtso 

.niiloBM -jaf-fii. 

limt-i .i^jci 

r I i>:i J ItJ ii>»ii 



Registers of St. Marttn, Luugate 
Searched from 1539 to 1G03 inclusive. ■'' ^ 


1570 Maye. The .same day [the 28th) was marryed John Grene and 
Lcv.ce Yearley, maid. 


1510-1. Februarii .\vi die Edmond Erly filius Johis Erly. 

1513. Augusti 24 day. Bartholomeus Erly filius Joannis Erley. 

1544. October 21 day. Johannes Erly filius Johannis Erley. 

1545-6. Martii. 10 day Richardus Erley tilius Joannis Erley. 

1517. July 23 day Rychardus Erley filius Joannis Erley. 

1569-70. Andro, son of William Wynd, merchant- taylur, was christ- 
ened on January 15th, Andro Yearley being one of the godfathers. 

1570. 6 August, William son of Thomas Moone was christened. Will 
iam Yeardley was godfather. 

1570. October the 22nd day was crystened Margret Yeardley, the 
dan?,hter of Wyllm Yeardley. 

1570-1. Januarii, the 25th day was chrystened Edward Yearley, the 
snne of Thomas Yearley. 

1571. No\('mber, the 25th day was chrystened Anne Yeardley, the 
dau;,^hter of Wyllm Yeardley, clarke. 

1573. June the 2 lib day was chrystened John Yeardley, the sune of 
Wyllm Yeardley. 

1575-6. Januarii. The fyrste day was chrystened Esabeth Yeardley, 
the daughter of Wm. Yeardley, dark. 

1578-9. March. The Sth day was chrystened Josue Yeardley, the 
sune of Wyllm Yeardl'.-y, clerki. 

15S0-1. Februarii. The vth day was chrystened Jesper Yeardley, 
the sune of Wyllm YeardK^y, lawyer. 

15S3. November. The same day [the 4thJ was chrystened Marye 
Y.^ardley, the daughter of Wyllm Yeardley, lawyer. 

1543 '■'< 

.Xugust 21 day Johon Erley. 

Au:^ust 20 day Edward Erley. .-.:', 


.\pril 2 day Eyehard ErUy, infant. ; 

15 !7 

JLilii 26 day Agnes l-^rley, vxor. 

julii 2S day I-Jyehardus Erley, infans. 

t\'bruary the 25 day was buryed 

Rychard Erley, presoner of Ludgate 

October The xxxlli day was buryed Wyllm Yeardley, lawyer. 

SMi5A;»AM JkOlfiOrr?AH AlWTOftJV 

..... GENEALOGY. 205 

1st Report 

In Brown's Genesis of the United States is the following; slatenienl: 
Ralph Yardley citizen & merchant taylor of Bionshaw I.anr, London, 
married first, on May the 15th 1575, Agnes Abbot; she died on Dec. 18th, 
1576, S: he: married secondly Rhoda . 

In Hallen's London City Registers, Vol. I St. Mary Woolchureh Haw. 


15 May 1575. Rafe Yarlie & Agnes Abbott 
18 Dec. 157(i. Agnes wife of Rafe Yearlie of St. Olave's in Southwark. 
With reference to the above, a prolonged search in Stow's Survey of 
London has failed to locate Bionshaw Lane, neither is any mention made 
of it in "An Alphabetical Index of the Streets, Squares, Lanes, &c.," 
contained in the Plan of the Cities of London & Westminster & Borough 
of Southwark engraved by John Pine Bluemantle Pursuivant at Arms. 
Printed 1747. 

The information derived from Hallen's Registers is chiefly that at the 
time of his first wife's death, Ralf Yardley was living in the parish of St. 

Olave's Southwark, and also the fact that his marriage to Rhoda 

must have taken place between 1577 and 1582, as doubtless Raphe Yard- 
ley his son was of full age by Feb. 1601. 

Unfortunau ly the registers of St. Olave's Southwark do not begin till 
16S5. A search in the Exchequer Lay Subsidies for vSouthwark does not 
shew Raplif Yardley living in S. Olave's, but in A. T). 1593 he is paying 
taxes in S. Saviour's [see notes enclosed.] 
Even if he were living in Southwark at the time of his second marriage, 

quite probably Rhoda was living in some difTerent part altogether, 

& the marriage would probably have been celebrated in her parish. 
[Enclosed is a list of printed Registers searched in the hope of finding the 

Exeh. Lay Subsidy. Surrey 186 
(A. D. 1593] Indenture dated the 21st August 35 Elizabeth conceniing 
the collection in the Borough of Southwark of the subsidy granted 
|A. 1). 1593) by parliament on the 19th of February 35 Elizabeth. 

St. vSaviour's Parish 
Ralf Yardeley viij li xxjs. nijd. 

Lay Subsidy. Surrey — 

[A. D. 15981 Indenture dated the 31st of August 40 Elizabeth con- 
cerning the collection in Southwark of the subsidy granted on the 
(A. D. 1597] 24th of October 39 Elizabeth. 

•OS ' 1' 


I A ?A 

Xfiimojtioa rflL;' :.Q .Aj 


St. Saviour's parish, -j.t 

Raphe Yardley viij li xxjs. iiijd 

''^ .Searched 

Marriage Licenses issued from the Faculty Office of the Archbishop 
1 of Canterbury 1543-1869. Marriage Licences issued by the Bishop of 

!', London 1520-1828. 

, Marriage Licences issued by the Dean & Chapter of Westminster 

' 2nd Report 

In the 1st report the efforts which have been made to ascertain the 

' surname of Raphe Yardley's second wife, Rhoda , were set out in 

' With reference to the surname of Temperance, Lady Yardley, the chance 

»■ of finding what family she belonged to seems very small. As her mar- 

riage took place in Virginia there is no hope of accidentally finding that 
f' recorded here. It is probable that she was a child in 1G08 when accord- 

ing to Hotten she went to Virginia in the Faulcon. A careful search 
< i'i.i.-t.f through the whole of his Lists of Emigrants (index) failed to shew any 
Temperance with a surname which might have been hers before her 
marriage. It does not seem possible to connect her with Sir Sam.uel 
Argall. If she had been closely related to him, his will (an abstract of 
which is enclosed) would surely have made some reference to her. In 
V an article in Notes & Queries on the Yardley Families, written in March 

1883 by C. H. E. Carmichael, is the following sentence: "Sir George 
I' Veardley, the husband of the fair lady from beautiful English Sussex, 

'' pictured in the Christmas number of Our Continent for 1882, is recorded 

'' as chosen to be Governor of Virginia 1()18," Sec, &c. 

K Notes & Queries, 6th Series, Vol. VII, p. 174. 

'V John Pory, in a letter to Sir Dudley Carleton says: "This Sir George 

>■» Yeardley hath married my cousin German, and infinitely desires my 


S. P. bom. Jas. I. Vol. 103, No. 111. 

With regard to Sir George Yardley's ancestry, in the extracts sent 
l.y the Merchant Taylors' Company, it is stated that on the 6th Sept. 
1583, "Raffe Yearly made free Arthur Yearly." It seemed probable 
that Arthur might be RafTe's brother, but although Arthur's will has 
been found in the Commissary Court of London [abstract enclosed] it 
contains no family information. 

Alexander Hickes' will was also looked at [note enclosed] in the hope 
ihat he might make some mention of Rauf Yardley as lie made him fn-e 
<if the Company. 

SMiXJiiXtM ja: rtilojnv 


biooin 81 AttBi I 

!o»0 tt?. airfT" :. 
1 zoii?.r>b \l3iiaht 

GENEALOGY. ^v,i.-,.... ^.A<;AttiNK 207 

A certain John Yardley paid a yearly rent of £4 to the Merchant 
'J'aylors' Company for a messuage in Ludgate from 1554 to 1557. A 
search in llie i.ay Subsidies shews Jolin Yardley in 15-14 being taxed in the 
parish of St. Martin, Ludgate [note enclosed.] 

In Stow's Survey of London, edited by John Strype, Book III. p. 176, 
is the following — 

I Farringdon Ward within 

S. Martin's, Ludgate Hill. 
A monumental inscription to the memory of William Yeardley, gentle- 
man, and Elizabeth his wife, sometime of this parish. He died on the 
28th of October 1523. She died the 20th July 1593. 

This is quoted in Notes & Queries, 6th Series Vol. V. p. 377, which gives 
the date of Elizabeth's death as 1533. The other date, 1593, is probably 
a misprint. 

It seems possible that a thorough search in the registers of St. Martin's 
Ludgate Hill, (they begin 1539) might connect Raphe, the father of Sir 
George, wiih the John Yardley who paid rent to the Merchant Taylors' 
Company. LTnfortunately time did not permit of this clue being followed 

CertificaLes of residence have been searched but have produced no in- 

An abstract of the will of Richard Hinde husband of Anne Yardlye is 
enclosed, but gives no information. 


The cjuesLion as to the parentage of Temperance, wife of Sir George 
Yardley, is at last settled by the enclosed papers. The only clue that 
offered itself was the statement made by Edmund Rossingham to the 
Privy Council that Sir George Yardley was his uncle. Fortunately his 
litigation with Ralph Yardley disclosed the fact that Lady Yardley was 
his aunt. A further search in Chancery Proceedings produced the suit 
Rossinghaiii v. Knevett & this gave the maiden name of Mrs. Rossingham 
& Lady Yardley. However the matter would not have been absolutely 
certain if Edmund Rossingham's grandmother Martha, who by the time 
she made her will had changed her name by a second marriage from 
Flowcrdew to Garret, had not bequeathed her signet ring to hei daughter 
Temperance Yardley, otherwise Flowerdew. A rough pedigree & the 
papers necessary to prove this are enclosed. 

No success has attended the search for the parents of Ralph Yardley, 
merchant taylor. A pedigree copied from Harl. M. S. 1167 is enclosed. 
At first sight this seemed hopeful, as Ralph certainly had a brother 
Thomas & [jrobably a brother Arthur. But if the pedigree is correct in 
stating that he married Amicia Harman that ends the matter. Also an 
article on the Yardley family in Notes & Queries 6th Series VII p. 212 
says that the Ralph in this pedigree had a daughter named Sibella, who 


if"*uiloi :«riJ at 

;tn omunorn A 




married in 1598 Rowland Greisbrooke. It also states that this Ralph 
Yardley's will was proved at Lichtield in June 1615. Harman, Fulvvood, 
<1 Greisbrooke wills at Somerset House have been examined with no 
result. The difficulty lies in the fact that practically all the wills of the 
Vardleys of Staffordshire, Warwickshire &: Cheshire v.'ere proved at 
Lichfield. A list of 37 Yardley wills proved there is enclosed. It seems 
quite probable that amongst these might be the wills of some near rela- 
tives of the Ralph Yardley who is being sought for. 

Pediguke of Yardley 

i (Visitation of Warwickshire, 1619) 

(Altered from chart form] 
Thomas' Yardley of Gorcott Hall, Co. W^arwick, married Margaret 

)..■ dau. of Wm. Guiton of Sutton Coldheld, Co. W^arv/ick, and had issue: 

1. John^, of Gorcott Hall, son and heir, married Anne daughter of John 
Harman of Morehall, Co. Warwick; 2. Raphe-, of Ancott, Co. Warwick, 
married Amicia, dau. of John Harman of Morehall; 3. Arthur-; 4. 

y Mathew^; 5. Thomas^ of Sutton Coldfield; 6. Kenelow-, of Sutton Cold- 

ti'jld, married Anne, dau. of Bennet of Dostel, Co. Warv\ick; 7. Jocosa^, 
Uiarried John Tulwood of Clayhill, Co. Warwick. 

Kenelon'^ and Anne Yardley had issue: 1. John^, of Sutton Coldfield, 
son and heir in 1619, married Jane, daughter of Thos. Vincent of Thing- 

\ don, Co. Northarts (and had a son Christopher-*, aged one year in 1619); 

, 2. Thomas'^; 4. William'^; 5. Margaret'^ married W^illiam Corbin of Whit- 

ton, Co. Stafford. 

[It has been proved that the Raphe Yardley of this pedigree was not 

' the saMie man as Raphe or Ralph of London.) 

Pedigree of Flowerdew. 

John* Flowerdew, esq. of Hathersett, Co. Norfolk, married , and 

had issue: 1. Edward- Flowerdew, of Stanfield, Co. Norfolk, a Baron of 
the Exchequer, married Elizabeth, dau. of Wm. Foster, of Windham; 2. 

William^, married ; 3. Edmund-; 4, etc. Other sons. William^ and 

( — ) Flowerdew had issue: 1. Anthony^, mariied Martha • , who 

married secondly, Capt. Godfrey Garret. Anthony'' and Martha Flow- 
erdew had issue: 1. Daughter'^, who married Thomas son of Sir Robert 
Shilton, knight; 2. Stanley^, died 1620, without issue; 3. Mary'*, married 
Dyonis Rossingham, gent (& was mother of Edmund Rossingham); 4. 
Tempcrence-^ married (1st) Sir George Yeardley, (2d) Francis W^est. 
By the first marriage she was mother of Argoll, Francis and Elizabeth 


, , GENEALOGY. 209 

P. C. C. 

7S Soane 

Will of Stanley Flowerdewe of Scottowe co. Norfolk, {,'entleman dated 
10 May 1620. 


I bequeath all my goods to my kinsman Hamond Claxton of Gray's Inn, 
CO. Middlesex esquire, to be disposed of by him for the better mainten- 
ance of my mother, so that no part comes into the hands of her husband 
niy father in law Captain Godfrey Garrett. And whereas, I have mort- 
g;i[,ed certain lands in Hether.sett co. Norfolk to my said father in law 
for £300. I will that my heirs at the common law shall pay him the money 
<lue for the redemption of the said lands, and then to have the said lands 
to tliem aii'l their heirs forever. 

Executor. My kinsman, Hammond Claxton. 

Witnesses. Cha. Walker, Richard Jarvis, Elizabeth Walker, Anne 
Jarvis, John Dyson, public notary. 

Proved im the IGth of August 1020 by Hammond Claxton, the executor. 

P. C. C. 
1 19 Hele. 
Will of Martha Garrett of Scottow co. Norfolk, dated d February 1625-6. 


I bcqucuLli to Edmund Rossingham my grandson all my messuages 
and lands in Scottow or elsewhere in the county of Norfolk, and to his 
heirs for ever. I give unto my daughter Temporaunce Yardlie alias 
Flowerdevvc my seal ring of gold. I give to my kinswoman Mary Clax- 
ton, wife to Hamon Claxton of London esquire, my black cloak and fan 
of white feathers. To my goddaughter Amy Hardye 20s. To the poor 
of Scottuv,- -lOs. To Mr. Burton, minister of Olton 10s. to preach my 
funeral sennon. To my servants named various bequests. To the 
s:tid Edmund Rossingham, the residue of my goo'ls. 

Executor. My grantlson, Edmimd Rossingham. 

Witness. William Hardye. 

Proved on the 4th of December 1626 by the executor named in the will. 

P C. C. 
23 Windsor. 

Will of Edward Flowerdew of Stanfilde Hall, co. Norfolk dated 15 June 

The testator mentions the will of his father John Flowerdew. He be- 
queaths to the daughters of his nephew Anthony £10 each to be paid to 
them on their wedding days. 

Proved (in the 5th of May 158G. 

N. B. This is a short note of a very long will. 

P. R. O. 

Chancery Inejuisition post mortem. Series 11. 
[Abstract] Vol. 210 No. 132. 

A. D. 1586 


.iljvr ariJ ni h'>i 


Inquisition taken at Harlston in co. Norfolk on the 12th of October 28 
Elizabeth, after the death of Edward Flowerdew late of Hetherset, es- 
quire, one of the Barons of the Exchequer. The jurors say that the said 
Edward was seised in his demesne as of fee of and in the manor of Stand- 
feild Hall and other lands in Norfolk, which by his deed dated the 14th 
of December A. D. 1573 16 Elizabeth he settled upon himself & his wife 
Kli.^-ibcth and upon his own heirs & assigns. 

'J he jurors also say that the said Edward was seised in his demesne as 
of fee, of and in a moiety of the manor of Hethersett in co. Norfolk, and of 
lands in Wymondham in the said county. 

The said Edward Flowerdev.-e died on the 31st of March A. D. 15SG last 
past. Elizabeth his wife survives him. 

Anthony Flowerdewe is his next heir, being the son & heir of William 
FTowerdow, brother & heir of the aforesaid Edward. The said Anthony 
is aged twenty nine. 

(To be Continued) 

The Webb Family of New Kent County. 
It should have been noted that George Webb, the emigrant, was 
author of "The Office and Authority of a Justice of the Peace," published 
in Williamsburg in 1736 commonly known as Webb's Justice. The 
author states in his "Address to the Reader" that it is "the first of its 
kind produced in these parts of the world." On page 100 George^ Weljb 
should be Naval Commissioner, not Commander, 
issue of Foster^ and Sarah (Shore) Webb: 

(13) Conrad*, a son born on Sunday the 15th Feb'y 1778 at 5 
o'clock in the afternoon, baptized the 9th day of May 1778 
by Rev. Mr. Semple. 

(14) John Shore*, son, born 21st Feb'y 1780 at half an hour after 
nine o'clock in the morning and baptized May the 13th 1780 
by the Revd. Mr. James Semple. 

(15) Elizabeth, a daughter, born Thursday ... of April 1782 at 
eight o'clock in the Evening, baptized 20th July 1782 by the 
Revd Mr. James Semple, Died on Saturday 12 o'clock P. M. 
26th of October. 

(16) Lucy a daughter, born Thurs. . . . 178-1 at about 10 o'clock 
in the Evening, baptized 11th June by the Rev'd Mr. James 
Semple. She departed this lite the 20th July 1784. 

(17) Sally a Daughter born Thursday the 9th of June 1785, about 
nine o'clock in the evening. She departed this life on Sun- 
day afternoon the IS Day of September 17.S.5. 

(18) Mary Shore, a Daughter, born ilh October 1786, between 
4 lX; 5 o'clock in the mcirniiig. 

GENEALOGY . > » ' ■ - = ■- * -' ' ^ < i 21 1 

(19) Thomas'*, a son, born the 25th of Febriutry 1789. He de- 
parted this life on I\londay nii^ht at o'clock the 21 of Nov- 
ember 1796. 

(20) Henry', son, born 25 July 1790 at three o'clock in the moni- 

(21) .. .', son, born 18th August 1792. Departed this life Sat- 
urday September 6, ISOu at 3 o'clock in the morning. 

(22) . . .4, son, born 24 December 1794. 

(These entries are copied from a somewhat worn record in another 
Family Bible). 

(8) J(jiiN-^ Webb, born 1740, may have married and left descendants; 
but if so we have no account of them. 

(11) CIkorge* Webb Jr., of "Rock Castle," Goochland County, 
married in 1785, Judith, daughter of Tarleton Fleming of Goochland 
County. ''Mr. George Webb died on the 9th day of April 1S03 in the 
City of Is ichmond after a lingering illness vvhicii he bore with much forti- 
tude, and firmness, much lamented by all who had the pleasure of an ac- 
quaintance and more particularly by his affectionate wife, three sons an 
four dau<^hters." 

An obituary (without date however) cojiied in the Family Bible states 
that Mrs Judith Webb died at the age of 83 years. 
Issue (known): 

(23) Thomas Tarltorr^ 

(12) Foster* Webb Jr., born Jan. 13, 1756, died Dec. 9, 1812 {Family 
Bible), 'i he Foster Webb who v/as Paymaster General of the Va. State 
Line 17Si, was no doubt the elder man of the name, the uncle of Fester 
V.\bb, Ji.; but the latter may have been the member of the House of 
Dc legal'. - in 17S4 and 1787. He married Sept. 22 1785, Theodosia, daugh- 
ter of William Fleming Cocke. She was born Feb. 19, 1765 and died Oct. 
28, 1S31. 

Issue (known): 

(21) Pleasant Fleming^. 

(14) CUNR.VD' Webb of "Hampstead," New Kent County, a very 
handsome house he built about 1820. He married (1st) Lucy Osborne, 
>)f Chi'storiield County and had an only child, Osborne Webb, who died 
May 4, 1820, aged 16. Conrad Webb married (2d) Georgiana Braxton, 
granddaughter of the Signer of the Declaration of Independence; but had 
no issue. 

(15) Henry' Webb, married Susan, daughtei of Dr. Thomas Gordan, 
of Tappahannock, Va. 


(25) Gordon^, of "Hampstead," who married Mary, daughter 
of Col. Randoljjh Harrison, of Williamsburg, Va., and had 
two daughter; (26) Alexander^, and others. 
(14) Major John Shore' Webo, married , and died at "Hamp- 
stead" May 4, 1,820. 

Its /oaiAawao 


Issue: ■• ■■ -"•-' ■■ '•■■-- • ■■ •■ 

(27) John^, removed to Alabama; (28) Conrad^, removed to 

Alabama, married Mrs. Eliza Read, a widow, and had issue: 

(a) John", (1)) Tenny**, (c) ]Mrs. (jeorge Judkins^, of Wet- 

umpka, Ala., (d) Mrs. J. W. Preston'', of Johnstown, Pa., 

(e) Daughter. 

One of the other sons of Foster and Sarah (Shore) Webb, whose name 

(from the partly illegible record in the Bible) was not given, was Dr. 

Samuel Wel:)b, who tlird unmarried. 

(To !)(• Continued) 


(By J. H. P., Baltimon-, Md.) 

Anna* Goksdch and iue Todd Family oi Virginia and Maryland.* 


8. Thoinas« Todd. (Thon^as'^ Todd; Anna\ John^ DanieP, Will- 
iam' Ciorsueh). He was the eldest son of Thomas^ Todd and Elizabeth 
Bernard, and the third of the name. The exact date of his birth is not 
known but appears to have been about 1680. He was old enoui^h to wit- 
ness a Baltimore Co. deed c.\: cuted by his father October 9, IGDo. (Balto. 
Co. Det ds R M. : H. S. ; 479). He was probably sent by his father to occupy 
th:' Maryland plantations on the Patapsco somewhere about the year 
1710. As his name does not appear among the taxables in the lists from 
1G99 to 1707, tin; only lists of this pjeriod which have been preserved, he 
doubtless came into Maryland after that date. He appears as a vestry- 
man of St. Paul's parish Baltimore County in 1711. The destruction of 
the vestry records of this parish in the Baltimore fire a few years ago, 
makes it impossible to determine when he first became a member of the 
vestry. The transcripts of the Fulham Palace records in the Library of 
Congress relating to the church in the colonies (Fulham Palace MSS- 
Maryland Box No. 133) show that Thomas'* Todd took the leading part 
in prosecuting the charges against the notorious William Tibbs, for many 
years rector of St. Paul's, who in numerous ways disgraced the church 
with which he was connected. Mr. Thomas Todd, September 7, 1714, 
brought nine charges against Tibbs before the vestry and November 

*Correclions— Two imj)ortant errors were made in the last number of 
the Magazine (Vol. XXV; p. 91(. Anne" Todd (^) i.s stated to 
have married Mordnai Cooke; she really married John Cooke. Eliza- 
beth'* Todd (Thomas'*) is stated to have married George Seaton; she 
really married PP. nry .Seaton. In each case througli a clerical error the 
name of the eldest son was substituted for that of the husband. 

no J) 



-H 1x0) 
i'f am an/ ■ i^i-^A 

GENEALOGY. - •-- 213 

Kith was joined by John Downe, another vestryman, in making additional 
charges. The vestry, February loth 1714-15 petitioned the governor 
tu liave TibLs removed. This petition was sij;ned \)y tiie followins^ ves- 
trymen: Jt.ihn 13owne, Jno. Wilhnott, Junr., TIkjs. Todd, Junr., l^eter 
Eond, Jr.o. Hillen and Jno. Gill. A commission composed of Henry Hall 
of St. James, Anne Arvindel, Thomas Cockshutt of All Saints, Calvert, 
Joseph Colbatch, of All Hallows, Anne Arundel and Jacob Henderson 
of St. Paul's, Prince George's, four clergymen of the province, was ap- 
pointed to investigate the charges. Tins comm.ission, while finding 
Tibljs guilty of mostof the charges, reconmjended that he be retained 
after being admonished to mend his waj's, and .severely censored the 
n. ember.', of the vestry, especially Thomas Todd for "contempt of sacred 
and civil authority," on the ground that the vestry had no authority to 
criticise or attempt to eject their spiritual head. As a matter of fact 
1 ibbs rem.ained rector of St. Paul's lor several years. Doubtless as a 
ri suit of this episode we ftnd Thomas'* Todd imm.ediately afterwards 
taking an active part in welcoming a Presbyterian minister to the Patap- 
sco. The Proceedings of the Baltimore County Court (Liber 1 S No. B: 
Gns 009) cuntain the petition of Thomas" Todd at the March 1714-15 
term which — "humbly prays that his house may be licenced for a Pres- 
byterian minister to preach in, which petition the Justices — granted, 
provided said minister qualifies himself by taking the oaths by (?) act 
of assembly." Thomas'* Todd died almost immediately afterwards, 
his will dated January 11th 1714-15 and presented in court June 3rd 1715, 
indicates tliat he probably died late in May. As will be shown later his 
widow, FJli;-.abeth, married Hugh Conn,* the Presbyterian minister who 

*lhe R( \'. Hugh Conn, the Presbyterian minister, who married Eliza- 
beth, the widow of Thomas^ Todd, was probably asked to come to Balti- 
more County, largely on account of the general disgust of the more 
respectable residents with the performances of the Rtv. William Tibbs, 
rector of St. Paul's Parish, Patapsco River, who for many years dis- 
graced the established church which he represented here. It is learned 
from WelisLer's History of the Presbyterian Chuich in America (p. 351) 
that Hugh Conn was bom in Ireland about IGSo and graduated at the 
University of Glascow. The trade from th't Patapsco to Great Britain 
gave rise to a Presbyterian congregation in Baltimore County, who ap- 
plied to the London merchants for a minister. In response to this call 
Hugh Conn came over. In September 1715 Mr. James Gordon presented 
a call for him from the people of Baltimore County. The Presbytery 
approved this call and he was ordained in October, and installed Pastor 
of the congregation of Patapsco by the Rev. James Anderson, of New 
Castle, George Gillespie of White Clay Creek, aiul Daniel McGill of 
Bladensburg, three Scotchmen. In September 1711), he was dismissed 
from his c-harge on account of "the ])aucity of his llock." He immediate- 
ly accepted a call to the Bladoiish'ir:^ Church, and remained there, until 
his death in 1752. We have already shown the first Presbyterian ser- 
vices in l:ialtimore County were probably held early in 1715 on the north 
side of the Patapsco at the house of Thomas" Todd, one of the vestymcn 
of St. Paul's Parish, who took an active part in trying to secure the recall 
of the discredited rector, William Tibbs. Through the researches of 


was called to Baltimore County at this time, and who will be referred 
to more fully later. It is of interest to note that Thomas^ Todd's son 
Thomas', 4th, was a member of the established church. 

It seems certain that Thomas^ Todd received the Patapsco plantations 
by gift from his father Thomas-'"', as he wills it before the death of his 
father, although there is no deed on record conveying them to him or to 
his son Thomas'^, who afterwards possessed them. This Thomas'^ Todd 
died about May 1715, ten years previous to the death of his father Thom- 
as5 Todd of Toddsbury, who died January 16, 1728-5. What little we 
know of Thomas'* Todd, the subject of this sketch, is learned largely from 
his will which was probated not only in Maryland but also in Essex Co. 
Virginia where he also owned lands. Thomas° Todd married about 170G 
his wife Elizabeth, as his eldest child Thomas was born in that year. 
Her family name is not known. There seems no question that he man ied 
her in Virginia. The fact that their son Thomas'' Todd sold June 18, 1734, 
a tract of 650 acres in Essex which "came to him as Iieir at law of his 
father" for the nominal sum of 5 shillings to William Roane of Essex, 
planter, suggests a possible connection with the purchaser. (.Essex Deed 
Book; 20; fol. 127). In this deed the grantor is described as of Baltimore 
County, Maryland, gentleman, and the land as part of a tract of 5100 acres, 
patented Oct. 4, 1625 and again Mar. 19, 1627 by Mr. Henry Aubery and 
as bounding on Hoskms Creek and the lands of Gouldman, the widow 
Gordon and others. The land conveyed was not only the 650 acres but 
an "equal moiety of all other lands included in the aforementioned 

The following abstract is from the will of "Thomas Todd, the younger, 
of Baltimore County, gentleman," dated January 11, 1714-15, presented 
in court June 3rd, 1715 and probated June It, 1715 (Annapolis, Md. Wills 
14; fol. 152; and Essex Co. Va. D. Bk. fol. 392). To my son Thomas Todd 
and his heirs ail my lands in the Neck [Patapsco Neck] where I now live 
below the head of Bare Creek and the heads of Back River, but in default 
of heirs then to my son Robert, then to my brother William, then to my 
brother Philip, then to my brother Christopher, but if any of the above 
have refused to live on it within three years, except he be under 21 years, 
then to the next male heir who v/ill live on it. To my son Robert Todd 
and his heirs the tract Shawan Hunting Ground, 1500 acres, on the 

Mr. William B. Marye the actual location of what was certainly the 
first Presbyterian church building in Baltimore County is learned. 
August Court, 1715: "upon the petition of Hugh Conn a presbyterian 
minister that a house lately built on the land of John Frizell on the south 
side of Patapsco river at the head of Curtis Creek may be recorded for a 
Presbyterian Meeting House * * * * it is ordered accordingly." (Balto. 
Co. Court Proc. Liber G. I^I. folio 55). The obituary notice of Plugh Conn 
in the Maryland Gazette July 9, 1752 states that he fell dead in his pulpit 
on Sunday the 2Sth, while preaching to his congregation in Bladensburg, 
Prince George's County. The will of Hugh Conn recorded at Annapolis 
shows that he left a large family. The writer has made no effort to learn 
the name of his second wife or to trace his descendants. 


.iio IlB k 

■"- GENEALOGY. 215 

draughts of the Gunpowder River. My lands in Virginia, except the 
tract 1 lived on, to be sold within ten years of my decease and the pro- 
duce given to my wife and children. The tract that I lived on in Virginia , 
to be held of him that my father shall give his dwelling plantation in the 
same right, on condition that my father gives what personal estate he 
hath in Maryland over and above an equal part of his estate that he 
p.jssesses elsewhere, to me or my heirs, but if he refuse, the tract to be 
Bold and the produce applied as above. To my son Thomas all my rings, 
sword, plate, books and surveying instruments. To Richard Colgate 
and Jami,s Phillips and Jonathan Hide each £I0 as executors. To my 
brother William Todd and his wife Martha each a ring at 25 shillings. 
Refers to a joint account with Henry Offley on a cargo. Mentions 
servants and slaves. To my wife and children the remainder of my es- 
tate. My lather at any time he wills to take my two sons Thomas and 
Robert and do with them as he wills. E.xecutors for my estate in Mary- 
land, Richard Colgate, James Phillips, and my wife; for my estate in Vir- 
ginia and the settlement of my accounts in England "my bror's William 
Todd and Jonathan Hide." Witnesses Richard Ruppe, Paul Philpotts 
and Jacob Bull. 

His "living plantation" on Patapsco Neck, which Thomas^ Todd left 
to his son Thomas", meant the tracts. North Point, Denton and Old Road 
later apparently together known as "North Point." vShawan Hunting 
Grounds afterwards known simply as Shawan, located about 15 miles 
north of Baltimore on the Shawan Cabin Branch of the Gunpowder and 
left to his son Robert'', also passed into the hands of Thomas^ as the heir 
of Robert^, who died in childhood. The name Shawan was a not un- 
common contraction ot Shawanee. As there is no known copy of Thomas^ 
Todd's v.'ill in existence, nor any Virginia deed, whether the father took 
advantage of the offer of exchange provided for his son's will or if he did, 
to which of his several sons, the plantation of the younger Thomas'* 
in Virginia passed, is not certainly kncnvn. Whether the land in Essex 
sold 1734 by Thomas' Todd 4th, of Baltimore County to William Roane 
of Essex for o shillings, was the plantation referred to in Thomas'^ Todd's 
will is not known, (see Thomas^, post). It would also be interesting to 
know with certainty whether Thomas^ took his two grandsons Thomas' 
and Robert^ to live with him in Virginia as he was empowered to do under 
their father's will. As their mother Elizabeth remarried almost im- 
mediately after her husband's death, and died herself shortly afterwards, 
it seems quite probable that he did take the two grandsons and their 
sister Frances'' to Toddsbury, especially as Thomas'', the elder of the 
two boys, married a Virginia girl as his first wife. Jonathan Hide, ap- 
{;ointcd one of Thomas^ Todd's Virginia executors and referred to as his 
"brother," lived in Middlesex County, Va. His will dated Dec. 15, 1718 
and proved Mar. 3, 1718-19 shows that he had married a sister, unnamed, 

of Thomas" Todd, and that she was then dead (see (Todd) Hide, 



A prolonged dispute arose in connection with the settlement of Thomas« 
Todd's estate as a result of the widow's remarriage to the Rev Hu"h 
Conn. Richard Colegatc and James Phillips, the Maryland txecuLors 
III the tmie of filing the will June 3, 1715, by direction of the widow, en- 
tered her renunciation of the personal estate left her and made demand 
t.)r her thirds. (Test. Proc. 22; 4G4). Phillips and Cole^ate resi 'ned 
Nov. o, 1715 as executors, but the latter July 21, 1716 consented to be 
pn;3ent at the appraisal and to make an inventory "for the sake of the 
children." (Balto. Wills; 1, 23()j. The widow remarried a few months 
atl.T her husband's death, probably betorc tlie end of the year 1715. The 
I:sm:x County Virginia Order Book shown that Sep. 23, 1715. Elizabeth 
'i>'dd, the executrix, presented the \\ill of 'i'homas Todd which was or- 
<l £1(1 recorded, and that she filed a bond with William Todd of King 
and Queen, and Jonathan Hide of Gloucester her sureties. The Essex 
Order Book also shows that soon afterwards a suit of Elizabeth the widow 
and administratrix of Thomas Todd against William Compton was dis- 
contmued (O. Bk. 5. fol. 6). Elizabeth Conn, the executrix of Thomas 
1 odd jur, July 9, 171(; filed her administration bond for £2000 with I^oct 
Patt. Hepburn and Doct. Jn. Rattenbury her sureties; and Nov. 13, 1710 
she filed an inventory of her husband's estate. (Md. Test Proc '^3- 
01 & 76). June 3, 1718 Hugh Conn "who married the executrix of Thonms 
1 odd" filed an account (idrm 194). It is known that his wife was then 
dead. William Todd Oct. 12. 1719 files his testamentory bond as executor 
of Thomas Tood with James Phillips and John Cromwell his sureties and 
an mventory Sept. 0, 1720 (idem 24; 92 & 2i5). Again March 1720-1, ap- 
praisers of the estate of Thomas Tood were appointed, and Dec. 10, 1722 
another inventory totaling £792; 10; 3 was filed (idem 24; 321 26- S"") 
Hugh Conn of Baltimore County Feb. 2, 1722-3 in the Prerogative Court 
prayed a citation against William Todd, administrator de bonis non of 
Thomas Todd, Jr. and April 1723 William Bueknall [Buckner] was entered 
as attorney for William Todd. A commission was is.sued June 1 1 to Major 
George Brackston. Joseph Smith, John Madison and James 
W oddall of King and Queen County, Virginia to take William Tudd's oath 
to his answer (idem 20. 102, 1.30, 154). In reply William Todd under date 
of June 9. 1724 states that he is a resident of Virginia, that after hi.s 
i-rother's death the care of the estate was committed to James Phillips 
and Richard Colegate both now deceased, and since their death to Will- 
iam Buckner, and that Conn and his wife Elizabeth, who died soon after 
h ^r marriage, had mismanaged the estate. He further states that 
Thomas Todd had by his wife Elizabeth three children. Frances, Thomas, 
:'-rul Robert, and that Robert die.l an infant at seven years. Hugh Conii 
filed a very voluminous complaint May 17, 1727 against William Todd, 
executor, in which he demanded an accounting of the one third portion 
of the estate to which his wife Elizabeth, widow of Thomas Todd was 
entitled. He states that liis wife is now dead and that as one of her heirs 
he ,s entilh d to an aeeounl i„;r, as he believes that Todd's personal estate 

'/Ah GENEALOGY. ,: ,r'.ar.»j«- 217 

is in excess of £792 shown by the inventory. The Court decided that 
William Todd must rxiake a small settlcnient with Conn, but in 1730 we 
tind Conn a'^ain p^'titioning the Court to enforce a settlement, (idem 
28; 2-10). There is on file in Essex County, Virj^inia, a power of attor- 
ney executtd July 25, 1718 by Thomas Todd of Gloucester, appointinj.^ 
Robert Beverley to act on his behalf as administrator of the estate of his 
son, Thomas Todd of Baltimore County, deceased, in any of the courts 
of Virginia or Maryland. 

By her second husband, Hugh Conn*, Elizabeth the widow of Thomas" 
Todd, appears to have had but one child, a daughter, died in infancy in 
1717, the mother dying about the same time. The old Todd grave-yard 
at North I'oint, Palapsco Neck, contains a tombstone bearing the in- 
scription: H( re lyeth the Body of Elizabeth Conn late wife of Hugh Conn 

who deparlt d this life — —1717 in ye 27th year of her Age Daughter 

E— — Conn this life 22 1 year and 12 days. There is a tradi- 
tion that taking her infant with her to visit her parents in England, they 
both died on the return passage when almost in sight of home, and that 
their bodii s were landed and buried in the Todd graveyard (Ridgeley's 
Historic Gruves of Maryland, etc., 1908; 114-5). If there is any basis 
for the story at all, it seems much more probable that she had been on a 
visit to her Virginia home. 

Children of Thomas^ Todd (Thomas-^) and his wife Elizabeth. 

i. Thomas^ Todd (Thomas^, Thomas^). Born 1706*. He was the 
fourth of the name. He inherited the North Point planta- 
tions under the will of his father, and lived there. He was a 
justice of Baltimore County, 1733-1738, and when appointed 
is referred to as "Capt. Thomas Todd" (Commission Book; 
Md. Hist. Soc. MSS.) He was one of the commissioners, to- 
gether with Capt. Thomas Sheredine, Capt. Robert North 
[who married his aunt Frances^ Todd], Mr. Jolin Cockey and 
Capt. Jolin Boreing, appointed by the Assembly July 1732, 
to lay out Jones's Town or Old Town as it is commonly 
called, afterwards incorporated with Baltimore Town. (First 
Records of Baltimore Town and Jones's Town 1729-1797; 
Balto. 1095; 10-11). He was appointed Aug. 27, 1735, Captain 
of the Foot, Lower Patapsco Hundred, Baltimore County 
(Balto. Deeds. H WSno. M, 313). Mention has already been 
made of the fact that June IS, 1734 this Thomas'' Todd con- 
veyed 650 acres in Essex County Virginia to William Roane of 
Essex which had come to him as the heir at law of his father 
(see Thomas^ Todd ante). He married twice. His first 
wife was Lettice Thacker, the daughter of Henry Thacker 
of Middlesex County, Virginia. Their marriage June 7, 
1728, is recorded in the register of Christ Church, Middlesex 
(Parish Register of Christ Church, Middlesex Co. Va.; 1807; 


p. 166). The same register records the birth February 2(>Lh 
A 1. 1704-5 of Lettice Thacker, daughter of Henry Thacker of 

r Middlesex County and his wife Elizabeth (idem p. 73). 

Henry Thacker was High Sheriff of Middlesex, 1703, and 
. •' Justice 1706. (Haydcn's Virginia Genealogies: p. 236). 

; ' There is on record in King George County, Virginia a deed 

dated 1728 from Thomas Todd of Baltimore County and 
/',4. Lettice his wife, conveying to Col. Nicholos Smith, of King 

George County, 112 acres which said Lettice had inherited 
i from her father (W. M. Gary MSB: Va. Hist. Soc). The 

1 register ot St. Paul's Chtirch, Baltimore contains this entry: 

"Lettes wife of Thos. Todd at North Point deTjartcd this 

this life June 10, 1730." By his first wife Thomas^ Todd 
i, appears to have had only one child, Lattice**, whose birth 

V:' June 4th 1730 is recorded at St. Paul's. As she is not men- 

* tioned in her father's will (1738) and as her mother died a 

few days after her birth, she doubtless died in infancy. 

Capt. Thomas'' Todd, 3d, married secondly Eleanor, 

daughter of Caleb Dorsey of Baltimore County. 

*The date 1706 of Thomas Todd's birth is taken from the notes of the 
late Dr. Christopher Johnson. As he married 172S, this date is probably 

Thomas^ Todd died between December 9, 173S, the date of his 
vv'ill and April 2, 1739, the date of probate (Balto. Wills 1; 
304). He divided his personal estate between his only son 
Thomas and his four daughters, Elizabeth, Eleanor, Frances 
and Mary. To his youngest daughter Mary he left the four 
tracts, Todd's Industry, Thirles [Thurrell's] Neck, Cucold's 
Point and Todd's [Hooper's or Hart] Island, while he di- 
vided his tract Shawan Hunting Ground on the headwaters 
of Gunpowder Falls among his other three daughters. His 
executors were his wife Eleanor, Bazell Dorsey and Caleb 
Dorsey, Jr. His principal plantations North Point, Denton 
and Old Road on Patapsco iNeck, together known as North 
Poinf* in regard to which he died intestate, of course passed 
to his son Thomas**. His estate appraised June 23, 1739 was 
valued at £1874: 14: 0; and the executors state that "they 
know no other relations the deceased hath in the Province 
except Robert North who signed the inventory" (Balto. 
Inv.; 5; 313). Another inventory dated Aug. 4, 1741 was 
signed "Elenor Linch [Lynch] late Elenor Todd" (idem; 6; 
300). His widow Eleanor married secondly Sept. 6, 1740 
William Lynch of Baltimore County (St. Paul's Balto. 
Register) by whom she also left is.sue (idem q. v.) By his 

'-'••^' GENEALOGY. >" ' -* 219 

second wife Eleanor Dorsey, he had issue, as shown by his 
will, one son Thomas Todd'^ and four dau!;hlers, Elizabeth^, 
Eleanor^, Frances^ and iVIary**, although the St. Paul's 
Register gives only the birth record of Thomas^ and Eliza- 
beth^. It is of interest to note that the descendants oi 
Thomas'" Todd and his wife Eleanor Dorsey bearing the 
name Todd, still (1917) own and occupy the Patapsco Neek 
plantation. North Point, making a continuous occupancy 
of over two hundred and fifty years. The will of Elinor 
I.ynch dated July 23, 1760 and proved Oct. IG, 17G0 mentions 
her son Thomas Todd, and her daughters Elizabeth Crom- 
well, Elinor Ensor, Frances Risteau and Mary Worthington, 
as well as her sons William and James Lynch and her daugh- 
ters Sarah, Deborah, Kelly, Sinah, and Anne Lynch (Balto. 
Wills). There are on record deeds of partition of Shawan 
Hunting Ground between the daughters Elizabeth, Eleanor 
and Francis, dated 1757, showing that they had married 
respectively John Cromwell, John Ensor and George Risteau 
(Balto. Deeds; B. no. G., 93-4). 
Issue of Thomas^ Todd (Thomas^, Thomas^) and his 1st wife Lettice 

(1) Lettice** Todd (Thomas'^, Thomas«, Thomas^). Born Feb. 

2Gth 1704-5. Apparently died in infancy. 
Issue of Thomas" Todd (Thomas**, Thomas^) and his 2nd wife Eleanor 

(2) L^homa.s** Todd (Thomas7,Thomase,ThomasS). The fifth 

of the name. Born Nov. 27, 1738 (St. Paul's Reg.). Died 
Sept. 1, 179S. Married Sarah daughter of Robert Wilkin- 
son of Baltimore County. Lived at North Point. Left 
seveial children. The present owner of the North Point 
plantation, Thomas Todd, is a direct descendant. 

(3) Elizabeth^ Todd (Thomas^, Thoma.s", Thomas^). Borii 

Dec. 13, 1732 (St. Paul's Balto. Reg.). Married John 
Cromwell of Anne Arundel County. Left issue. 

(4) Elinor** Todd (Thomas'^, Thomas*"', Thomas''^). Marrieci 

Mar. G, 1753 John Ensor, Jr. of Baltimore County (St. 
Paul's Reg.). Left issue. 

(5) Frances** Todd (Thomas^, Thomas", Thomas^). Married 

Aug. 17, 1759 George Risteau of Baltimore County. Left 
(G) Mary** Todd (Thomas^, Thomas*^, Thomas'*). Married 
John Worthington son of William and Hannah (Cromwell) 
Worthington. Left issue. 
ii. Robert'' Todd (Thomas*^, Thomas'^). Died aged 7 years, 
sometime prior to 1724. (Test. Proc. 28; 2-10). 







iii. Frances'' Todd (Thomas", Thomas^). Probably bom 
about 1710. Living 1724 (Test. PrGC.2S; 2-10). vSubscquent 
history unknown. 

*PhiIip Jones and John Rattenbury, who had been appointed to look 
into the condition of the North Point Plantation, reported to the March, 
17-13, Court that the buildings were then in bad condition, and a similar 
report was made by Henry Say tor and Nicholas Kaile in regard to 
vShawan Hunting Grounds to the June, 1744:, Court (Balto. Co. Court 
Proc. 1743; fols. 1G7 & 231.) 

5. Richard" Todd (Thomas^ Todd; Anna^, John^, Daniel-, William* . 
Ciursuch). He was apparently the second son of Thomas^ Todd and 
filizabeth Bernard, if the order given in the Fontaine IMSS is correct. 
Richard Todd married. The name of his wife has not been learned. 
Richard Todd and Christ. Todd appear as witnesses of a power of attor- 
ney recorded in Essex from [their father] Thomas Todd to Robert Bever- 
ley, dated July 25, 1718 in Gloucester, appointing Beverley to act as ad- 
nanistrator of Todd's son Todd's estate in Maryland or Virginia. 
The following reference to his father's will, 1722-3, from Heruiing's 
Slatutes may indicate that he was survived by his father. This is found 
in an act of Februrary 1745 of the Virginia Assembly, breaking the en- 
t:iil of certain lands, lying near the North River Bridge containing GOO 
acres, left under the will of Thomas Todd late of the County of Glou- 
cester, gentleman, dated March 4, 1722-3 to his grandson Bernard, the 
son of Richard Todd, with a contingent reversion to his grandson Wil- 
liam, son of Richard, and then to the next son of Richard's right line; in 
default of heirs of his son Richard, the lands to pass to the male heirs 
of his son William, then to the male heirs of his son Philip, and then 
to the male heirs of .his son Christopher. The Act goes on to recite 
that sometime after the testator, Thomas Todd, died, his grandsons 
Bernard and William died without issue, and that the land then 
passed under the terms of the will to Thomas Todd, the eldest son 
and heir at law of the testator's [i. e. Thomas^] son of William. (Hen- 
ning's Va. Stat. 5; 395). This Act to which further reference will be 
made later (see William" post) would rather indicate that Richard" 
Todd, the subject of this sketch was probably dead when his father 
Thomas^ made his will in 1722-3 and definitely proves that all of Richard's 
male descendants had died prior to 1745 the date of the Act, but leaves 
us in doubt as to whether Richard may not have left one or more daugh- 

Children of Richard" Todd (Thomas^). 

i. Bernard^ (Richard", Thomas'^) Todd died prior to 1742 ap- 
Iiarcntly without issue, certainly without male issue. A 
p^ tition to the House of Burgesses, May 28, 17G2 shows that 
Bernard'^ Todd was then dead (Jour. House Burgesses-Va. 

sm Aiyaoniv OSS 

GENEALOGY. ^rOJUrAU M •.«, 221 

ii. William^ (Richard", Thomas'"'') Todd died prior Lo 1742 ap- 
1 arciitly without i.ssiu-, certainly witliuut male issue, (sei- 
Hernard^ Todd, ante). 

6. William'' Todd (Thomas^ Todd; Anna^, John-*, Daniel-, William^ 
(iorsuch). He was apparently the third son of Thomas^ Todd and Eliza- 
beth Bernard Trom the order in which he is named in an act breakinj.^ the 
entail of lands left to the heirs of his father, Thomas^ Todd, is correct, 
ffe was probably born about the year 1CS5. He lived in King and Queen 
( ounty, app;i;i ntly at Falmouth on the north side of the Rappahannock. 
V/illi:un Tod i, June 9th, 1730, protested against a bill introduced in the 
Virginia House of Burgesses to establish a town on his land at Falmouth 
and appears to have been successful in preventing its passage (Jour. 
House Burgcsses-Va.; 6; 72). From a casual mention of him February 
Gih 1/27 it is known that he was then a Justice of King and Queen County 
(idem 0; 9). Ife is described in a Spotsylvania County deed, 1743 (Croz- 
icr's V'a. County Rec.-Spotsylvania Co.; 162), and in the will of his son 
ill law, 'Jhoiiias Edmundson, 1757, as "Col. William Todd" (see post). 
I^rec^uent reK renees have already been made to William'' Todd in con- 
i:ection with tlie settlement of his brother Thomas" 'i'udd's estate (see 
Thomas*' anle). Fie married apparently in 1709, Martha the daughter 
of the Rev. Thomas Vicaris of Gloucester County. He died between 
September 10th 1736, the date of a petition by him to the House of Bur- 
gesses in re;.;ard to his Falmouth warehouses, and June 7th 17-10 when 
[his widow] Martha Todd is referred to as the projirietor of these ware- 
houses (Jou, . House of Burg.-Va. 6; 295, 421, 425). No copy of his will, 
which we it urn from an Act of the Virginia Assembly, October, 1764 (sf e 
ijosl ), was dated January 12lh 1736, is in e.xistence. His widow was living 
January 2-'.rd 174S, when as Martha Todd, widow, of King and Queen 
Coi\nty, she et)nveys land in King George County, patented April 10, 
1678 by her lather, the Rev. Thomas Vicaris of Gloucester, and devised 
to her when an infant by her father The names of certain of the child- 
ren of Col. William-^ Todd and his wife, Martha, are learned from several 
acts jjassed I>y the Virginia Assembly lireaking the entail of various 
tracts of land in his descendants, to permit of the purchase of additional 
slav( s to work various other entailed estates. The possibility of there 
being other children than those mentioned in thesi' several acts, will be 
discussed )at( r. 

So much <o, .fusion exists as to the descendants of Col. William^ Todd, 
and so much which is probably incorrect has been written in regard to 
them, it ;;e. ins desirable to [>resent here all the established evidence 
which has any bearing ujjon his line and then to mention certain family 
traditions of descent, which bear the earmnrks of truth. One sourci^ i,{ 
error and coiifusion is due to the fact that thi're was another individual 
bearing the name of William Todd*, aj^parently unrelated to the Todd 
family which here concerns us, living in King and Queen County at the 

w 1 i;l o i 


end of the seventeenth century, who also left descendants, which havt; 
ai)j)arcnily in sonie instanct s been confused with the descendants of the 
subject t;f ihis sk'.-teh. 

♦Reference has already been made by the writer (ante 24; 427) to a 
William Todd, apparentl}' of Gloucester County, living May 7, 1G6G, who 
died prior to September 1, 1G74 leaving at least one son, Robert, and who 
does not a])pear to be related to the Todd family with which we are con- 
cerned. It is learned from the Kini;: and t^)ueen County land patents that 
a William Todd who patented lands there in 1G91 and 1G93, died prior 
to ]G9j leavinsj issue. Although this William Todd cannot be identified 
with certainty, it seems more than possible that he was the son of Will- 
iam and the brother of the Robert Todd just mentioned. The ICing and 
Queen land patents are as follows: (1) Mr. William Todd, patented Oct- 
ober 20, 1G91, 1278 acres in King and Queen County, land formerly granted 
to Stephen Berbridge, April 23, IGSS, and by him deserted and now grant- 
ed to William Todd. (2) William Todd patented April 29, 1G93, 400 
acres in Stratton Major Parish, King and Queen, adjoining Davis Brain's 
old line on the Pianketank Swamp, formerly granted to George Berge 
and by him deserted, then granted to Henry Waring and by him deserted 
and now granted to William Todd. (3) Margaret and Frances Todd 
orphans of Mr. William Todd, deceased, patented October 25, 1G95, 500 
acres in Stratton M.ajor Parish, adjoming Davis Brain's old line granted 
to William Todd, April 29, 1G93. (4) Thomas Todd, October 29, 1696, 
333 acres in Stratton IMajor Parish granted to John Everitt October 25, 
1694, and now assigned by him to Thomas Todd and now patented by the 
latter October 29, 1696. It would appear from these patents that this 
William Todd of King and Queen Coanty, died about 1694 or 1G95 and 
left at least two daughters, Margaret and Frances. Possibly, Thomas 
Todd, 1695, just mentioned was also a child. There may have been other 
children. There were several individuals bearing the name Todd living 
in Gloucester and in King and Queen during the early part of the eigh- 
teenth century who cannot be certainly placed among the descendants 
of 'I'homas^ Todd and his wife Elizabeth Bernard, who perhaps should 
be placed here. There is in Orange County the tomb of Mrs. Jane Scott, 
born 1G99 died 1731. She married John Seott of Orange County and her 
descendants state that she was a daughter of William Todd. She cer- 
tainly was not the daughter of Maj. William Todd, son of Thomas and 
Elizabeth Bernard Todd, as Maj. William Todd was certainly not born 
until 1GS5 and did not marry until about 1709. It is at least possible 
that Mrs. Scott was the granddaughter of that William Todd, died about 
1G94-1G95 who belongs somewhere in this other line. 
(To be Continued) 

BOOK REVIEWS. ;,; .li MAOA/i 22.S 


HisiokY OF Wkstern Ohio and Auglaize County with Illustrations 

AND ]i((.'C.uApnic\L Sketches of Pioneers and Prominent Puijlk: 
Men. By C. W. Williamson, Columbus, Ohio. Press of W. M. 
Linn a Sons, 1905, pp. StiO. 
A valuable account of the Indian and Pioneer history of Western Ohio 

precedes a model county history. This book is evidently the result of 

long and thoruu'^h investigation. 

Sally C.\itv, A Long Hidden Romance of Washington's Life. By 
Wilson Miles Cauy. With Notes by Another Hand. Pri- 
vately Printed. The DeVinne Press, New York, 1916, pp. 101, 
with a portrait of Sally (Cary) Fairfa.x. 
The book i:>Vilector or library receiving a copy of this handsome little 
volume is lucky. Mr. Cary, unfortunately, led too busy a life to pre- 
serve in permanent form his vast of infornialion in regard to Vir- 
j.ania's past. It is therefore very fitting that this charming account of 
an episode iu the life of one of his kinsfolk, should have been printed as a 
memorial of the lamented author. Washington has ahvays been said to 
have been thi disappointed lover of Mary Cary; but the author gives a 
new view and says the object of Washington's love was Sarah Cary, the 
wife of Geor; e William Fairfax. Except in words the affair was, uf 
course, nicrdy platonic. There is ariiple evidence that Washington 
ahvays retained a v.arm affection for Mrs. Fairfax; but sometimes men 
Tnake flatteririg speeches to pretty married women without being actually 
at all in love It is presumptuous however, to question Mr. Gary's 
opinion about matters in regard to which he, far belter than any one 
else, was capable of forming an accurate judgment, and the true state of 
the case must be left to the ojiinion ot those who are fortunate enough lu 
be able to read the book. 

HisioRY OF ICE Hume, Kennedy and Brockman Families. In Three 
Parts. Ey William EverjlTt Brockman, Vv'ashington, D. C. 
191G, pp. 272, with 40 illustrations. 
This bool: is a work of immense industry and will be of interest to all 
persons of the families named. The account of the Humes, descended 
from George Hume or Home, of Weddeiburn, who came to Va. in 1721 is 
very full. The author states that John Hume, ancestor, of many per- 
sons named in the account is only "thought to be" the son of William 
Hume, son of the emigrant. The Kennedy family included, begins with 
several brothers livinn in Louisa Co., Va., about the time of the Rcvolu- 
lion The Brockman line in America is begun with a Henry Brockman 



of Maryland (1674 &c.), though no proof is given for the identification 
with Henry Brockman ol Kent, Enj^^land. Nor is there the slightest 
proof to connect this Henry Brockman of Md., with his alleged cli^ildren names ar-.^ found in records in Willi am sburi? (1C9G), Spotsylvania 
(:<.. (1711) and King and Queen (,17C2). The descendants of Samud 
brockman are well worked out. 

TuE Teaching of Government. Rei-ort ro the American Political 

Science Association by the Committee ox Instkvciion. New 

York, The MacMillan Company, 1910, pp. 281. 

The Committee, composed of some of the most distinguished American 

V-.:.. ; teacheis, was appointed in 1911 "to consider the methods of teaching and 

studying government now pursued in American schools, colleges and 

universities, and to suggest means for enlarging and improving such 

j^, instructions." The result of this work makes a book which should be 

in the hands of all teachers of the .subject, indeed, makes a far wider 


CiROPE IN THE Nineteenth Century. An Outline Hisiory. By E. 
Lipson, M. A., Trinity College, Cambridge. Author of "An In- 
troduction to the Economic History of England, Middle Ages." 
With eight portraits and four maps. A. & C. Black, Ltd., 4, 5 and 
6 Soho Square, London W. 1010. (The MacMillan Company. Amer- 
'•■, : ican Agents), pp. 298. 

The author has discarded the traditional method of writing European 
History from the standpoint of international politics in favor of a method 
of treatment which gives a concise and connected account— analytical 
raihei- than narrative— of the internal devehjpement of the chief Euro- 
V, ■ pean states after the fall of Napoleon. Tliis method treated in the 

scholarly way it is here, makes a book of unusual value. 

The Early History of Cura, 1492-1580. Written from Okginal 
Sources. By L. A. Wright. New York, The MacMillan Com- 
pany, 1916, pp. 390. 
"This book is the history of Cuba from its discovery bv Columbus in 
1192 through the year 15S6 when Sir Francis Drake in sailing along the 
/.orth shore of the island after his successful raid on other Spanish settle- 
nicnts of the West Indies closed the first era of the Colony's history. 
The author has drawn her material largely from documents in the Ar- 
chive of the Indies at Seville, Spain, where she has found wtll preserved 
manuscripts of the letters and reports of the island's governors, of her 
royal officials, of her Bishops and less^^r clergy, of her municipal and 
ecclesiastical councils, of her distinguished and even her humbler citi- 
icens. These important papers have rarely been consulted by either 
.student or historian; Miss Wright's work, going back then as it docs to 
these Sources, is possessed of a very special value and significance." 



THE .,, 

■\ vr«Vf vh V' Mr \\\ 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXV. July, 1917. No. 3 

1622-1629.* . , 

From the ori'nnals in the Library of Con^Tess. 


''All erasures in the originals are here printed in italics. 


¥*• is ordered y' Georg Medcalf shall inioy John Dennis 
who is boimde tmto him by Indentures, and y' he shall pay to 
Mr John Mays at or before the se\-en and twent'eth daye of 
tliis present moneth of ffebruar\' one hundred and twentie jjound 
weight of the best merchantable Tobacco in leafe stript or 
twelve pound iippon the hundred allowance for ye satis * * * 
[letters illegible] to Ijc jjaid at James C\'ttye (subpoena) of 
[or?] to forfeit 80 li. of Tobacco. 

Y^ is ordered y' John Webb, John Greene, and Wm. ffoster 
shall pay each of them twenty li. weight of the Ijest merchant- 
able Tobacco (halfe thereof towards those things y' were taken 
out of Edward Nevells Cabbin And the other halfe t 'wards 
the seacke [sack] y' was dranke yere owt. And whereas the 
said three men do appeach others y' is ordered they shalbe 
examined at Elizabth Cyttie by Capt. Tucker and the rest 
and an order made as shall appeare by proof. 


nis frt'i'I 

fiVi Ilk' 

JO zi "Y 


Thomas Ramshee swome and examined sayeth y * Mr Westone 
was owner of the Sparrow and did sett her out at his charge 
from London to Virginia & laded divers goodes into her. 
And y' Maunder cam as purser of her, and this deponent 
knoweth of no goodes y' Maunder had in the shipp of his 
oune beinge a very poore man & had not, as Maunder himselfe 
confest to this deponent m.oney to buy himselfe necessaries 
for setting himselfe fourth to sea but y* he was faine to borow 
of the said Mr. Weston. 

\^ is ordered y ^ M r. John Baynham shall bringe the accoumpts 
to Mr. Weston and deliver unto him such goodes and depts 
as \ e said John Baynham by order from Maunder hath received 
in this County, And y* Mr. Weston shall bringe in a right 
hnentorie of all ye said de])ts and goodes by ye last d'ye of 
March now next cumeinge into this Courte. 

flfebruary the XXI IP'' 1G25 

James Blackbounie sworne and examined before the Go\'- 
ernor sayeth that he did heere Capt. Warde say that Chri.s- 
to])her Baker came over with him into this Countrey to ser\'e 
hirn fower yeeres. And this deponent uppon his knowledge 
deposeth that the said Christo]jher Barker hath faithfully and 
fully served Capt. Warde the said fower yeeres. 
ffebruary the XX VIP'' 1C25 

George Allen(I) sworn and examined sayeth y* Thomas 

Bunthome his m'r [master] when this deponent was to com 

u]jp to serve Mr. John Woolrich, bidd this deponent (who 

then was greaved with the fflux) That he should conceale his 

sickness from "Mr. Woolrich, And to sett a good' face uppon 

The matter as though he were in good health, and further this 

^P°^A.^^Z^i^ yl_^^ was Jjrcivedjw 'th J^ some two 

(1) The name of George Allen, like that of Christopher Baker, lust 
preceding, does not appear in the Census of 1624-5, though they seem to 
have been livmg m Virginia at the time. Thomas Dunthorne, his wife 
and b servants were then living at Elizabeth City. The name of John 
Woolrich does not apjjcar in the Census though he evidently lived in the 
Colony at that tnne. These and other instances which have been <dven 
slu)\v that the Census is not quite complete. 


months before Thomas Dounthorne his m'r sent him upp 
to Mr. Woolrich. 

March ye seconde 1625 '''' 

John Tyus(2) sworne and examined before the Governor 
sayeth that he harde Mr. Swyft saye that Thomas Haule 
sliould keepe the two ban-ells of come w'ch was William ,;• 

Bynckes And that Mr. Swyfte said y^ he could satisfie William j,,. 
Byncks two baiTells of corne for the said two barrells that . i 
Thomas Haule had. 

Thomas Chambers sworn and examined the same tyme 
Ijy the Governor sayeth as much as John Tyus foiTnely saide 
& to the same effect. 

March the 6th 1625 
Richard Taylor(3) sworne and examined before the Governor 
sayeth that Joane Vincent should reporte, That there was 
iTowertecn women in the church and that seven of them were 

Thomas Harris his 

[The same witness quotes another statement by Joan Vincent 
chargin,;- Thos. Harris with an offence of similar kind.] 

(2) Jojiu Tyus or Tyos, who came in the Bona Nova in 1020, lived at 
tlie Treasurer's Plantation, James Citv, ni lG2t-5. Richard Binks and 
his wife Ann, who came together in the G:org-, then lived at the Main, 
which was the territory on the mainland immediately behind Jamestown 
Island. IMiomas Chambers, age 24, who came in the Southampton, 1(321 
was one of Abraham Perseys servants at Per.sey's Hundred in 1624-5. 

(3) Riciiard Taylor, age 50, who came in the Mary Margaret in Sept- 
temlwr IGOS, Dorothy his wife, age 21, who came in the London Mtrchant, 
H)20, Mary their child, age three months, and a servant, Christopher 
Browne, age 18, who came in the Dutv in May 1G20, lived at the Neelc of 
Land m Charles City 1624-5. The place was the present Jones' Neck 
not far irora Henricopolis (Dutch Gap). William Vincent, age 39, who 
came m th.- Mary and James, and Joanna his wife, age 42, also lived there. 
Thomas Harris, who was then or soon afterwards commamler of the 
plantation there, was aged 38, and had come in the Prosperous in IGll 
and his wife Adria, aged 23, who had come in the Marmadiik:' in Nov. 
1G21, were also a neighboro of theabove. He was long a man of prominence 
and was a Burgess in 1G23, 1639 and 1G47. Sec this Magazine IV, 248, 
249. Joan Vincent was one of the foul-mouthed viragos, of whom other 
examples have occurred in these minutes. The Church was that at 
Henrico or Henricopolis, now Dutch Gap. 

;j-r/"jo-* ;nr -IC' c'HT 'V!1M 

't xif 
oj Jo 

Ui:^ fl'/ItJf 



A Courte heald the XIIP'' of March 1625, beinge present 
S'r ffrancis Wyat, Knyght, Govenor &c, Capt. ffrancis West, 
Capt. Smith Mr. WilHam Cleyboume. 

Thomas Bagwell(4) sworne and examined sayeth That 
aljotit January 1624 Ahen Kemptone came to this deponent 
and requested him to speake to Richard Peerce y' he might be 
discharged from him for the Time he had to serve him and 
he would give him reasonable satisfactione for y* tyme. And 
this deponent sp.oke to Richard Peerce about it and Richard 
Peerce was contented that if Allen would give him a barrel! 
of Corne he Vsould discharge him for tlie Tyme he had to ser\-e 
him, w'ch barrell of corne the said Allen did promise lo ])ay 
Richard Peerce in Aprill following. Playse sworne and examined sayeth that on the sea\-enth 
d 'ye of March 1625 Air. Thomas Allnut(5) and his man Roger 
Reades beinge in the neck of lande, fell in question in w'ch 
numeth Easter fell and for this }cere Mr. Allnut assuming it 
v;as in March, Roger repl)'ing it was not & after many rci^Iies 
]\lr. Allnut offered to lay a yeares service with him, w'ch 
Roger accepted. And there hinge An Axe uppon the ground 
Mr. Allnut had Roger take the axe saying I give thee this axe 
as a co\enant betwixt us and this boye vidlt, the deponent, 
sl:.all be a witness to the bargaine, w'ch was y' if Easter fell 
out in March, then Roger was to ser\'e him two yeeres and a 
halfe, w'ch was a yeere m^ore than his tyme and if not in March 
then Mr. Allnut was to loose a yeeres seivice, whereuppon 
this deponent tooke up the axe and gave it to Rogers hands 
and asked Mr. Allnut and the said Roger whether they were 
Contented, they said yes. 


Roger Roades sworn and examined affimieth the oath Taken 
by James Playse is a trew oath, and y' it was the trevve Bar- 
gaine betw ixt Mr . Allnut and him. 

^AV- '^''^°'"''^ Bagwcfniwd~atTlTe^N«?iroIl::i^(r^i^e^ 

lvi^4-o. Alk-n Kniiston^, who came in the- Margartt & Johti, lived at 

Pashbehayes, a short di.stancc above Jamestown 1G21-5. 

(5) Thomas Alhuit, who came in llie Gift and his wife wlio came in 
the Muryguhl, hved at James City 1G24-5. Ilis servant Roger won ihe 
1j( t and Jus year of freedom. 

-Mt -o ;-,rf^ 




Richard Perce sworn and examined sayeth y' John Osborne 
was to paye the one halfe of a ban-ell of Corne w'ch he had of 
Allen Kewstone as is expressed in the will under theire handes 
and scales. 

It is ordered y' John Osborne (G) shall paye Allen Kewstone 
a barrel of ears. 

It is ordered y* Richard. Peerce shall paye Allen Kewstone 
a l^arrell of ears and one bushell of come w'ch barrell of ears 
w'ch Allen Kewstone was to pay Richard Peerce upon an 
agreement as by the oath of Thomas BagAvell appeareth. 
And tliat Richard Peerce is to paye a hundred pound weight 
of good merchantable Tobacco i)r'sentlie to ye said Allen Kew- 
stone w'ch the said Richard Peirce confesseth to be dewe. 
It is ordered y' Richard Peerce shall pay to Doctor Pott one 
hundred weight of good merchantable Tobacco and one barrel 
and two boushells of corne presently. 

Christopher Reighnalls(7) sworne and examined sayeth 
that he did see and read Peter Collins Indentures and that by 
y* Indenture he was bounde to serve Mr. Bennett fower years. 

1234.1 "'■""•; ^ ' 

It is ordered w'th the consent of Capt. fifrancis West y' 
he as admiinistrator of Capt Croshaw(8) shall pay two hundred 
weight of Tobacco to IMr Gill to the use of Mr William Coun- 
stable, And that Robert Wright shall pay one hundred and 
fyfteene weight of Tobacco to Mr Gill for the use of Mr Coun- 
stable beinge the remainder of a debt dew from Cai)t. Croshaw 
and Robert Wright as by two bills p'duced in Court by iVIr 
Gill appeareth. 

(6) John Osborne and Mary his wife lived at James City l()24-5. 

(7) Christopher Reynolds who came in the John & Francis, 1G"22, was 
one of Edward Bennett's servants at Warrosquoiacke 1G24-5. Peter 
Collins, who came in the Adam, 1G21, was a fellow servant. 

(8) Captain Raleigh Croshaw, a member of the London Company, 
had been a very prominent man in the Colony from his arrival in IGOS. 
See this Magazine I, 84. This order, for the first time, gives an approxi- 
mate date of his death. 





[j bflA 

, u 



Leonard Moore (9) sworn and examined sayeth y* before 
michellmas last was twelve month John Watson bought from 
Mr Blayney six yardes of cloth and delivered it to Mathcw 

Lieut. Thomas Osbome(lO) sworn and examined sayeth that 
about Christmas last was Twelve months Mr Bla3'ney 
being at Harihatox caled this deponent to be a witness y' 
he discharged Mathew Edlowe of depts and reckonings dew 
unto him from ye said Tvlathew Edlowe having no pen or Inke 
to Wright him a discharge. Whereas William Vincent hath 
p 'cured a waiTant against Thomas Harris and his wiefe and 
John Chambers as a wdtnes who have accordinglie appeared 
at the d'ye required And William Vincent as complaynante 
hath not appeared, The Courte doth order that Thomas Harris 
and his wife shalbe discharged, for ye warrantt, And y^ ye said 
Wm Vincent shall paye to each of them thirtie pound weight 
of Tobacco in lieu of their charges and loss of tyme, Vidlct : 
to Tho. Harris his wife and John Chambers each of them thirtie 
pound weight. 

A Courte held the XX *'^ day of March 1G25, beinge present 
S'r llrancis Wyatt Knight, Governor &c, Capt ffrancis West, 
Capt Roger Smith. 

John Chew, merchant, sworne and examined says the y' the 
account p'duced by him in Courte between him and Mr. 
Bolton(ll) is a trewe Accompt, and no mor e. 

(9) Leonard Moore, who came in the Bo7ia Nova, lived at the College 
Land (Henrico), 1G24-5. John Watson, who came in the Willuini te^ 
Thomas, also lived here. Edward Blayney was appointed to the Councli 

(10) Lieut. Thomas Osborne came to Virginia in November 1G19, and 
settled at Coxendale on James River in the present Chesterfield County, 
(close to Hcnricopolis) about 102."). He was Commander of the College 
Land plantation 1G24-5, and afterwards for several years a member of 
the House of Burgesses. He has many descendants. See this Magazine 
IV, 247,248. Harihatto.x or Harrihattocks was on the north side of the 
river extending upwards from a point ojjposite Henricopolis. 

(11) Rev. Francis Bolton came to Virginia with Governor Wyatt, 
and was first in charge of the church at Elizabeth City; but in 1023, 
was minister of the Eastern Shore. Later (Neill says) he appears to 
have succeeded Hawte Wyatt at Jamestown; but as the record shows 
he was also minister for Warrosquoicoke, where Edward Bennett'.^ plan- 
tation was situated. 




It is ordered y* Mr Lodowick Pearle shall paye thirtene 
boushells of Indyan come beinge a remainder for those Tithes 
dew to Ur. Bolton for Mr Bennett's, Plantaccne at Wans 
Coke two years past. 

It is ordered y* James Larimore havinge referred his pe- 
ticone to this Courte shall have his pass to goe for his countree, 
The rather for that he is an old man and at this tyme diseased. 
And his labor decreased whereby he may rather be a charge 
to your country than otherwise. 

It is ordered y* Randall Holte(l2) uppon his peticone p'fered in 
Courte shall serve and remain with Doctor Pott his m'r until 
Christmas next— com twelve moneths. And the Doctor Pott 
his m 'r to deliver up his Indentures and make him free, and to 
gi\-e him one suit of aparell from head to foote and three bar- 
rells of corne. 

A Courte held the XXVII'^ of March 162G beinge pr'sent 
S'r ffrancis Wyatt, Knyht, Governor, Capt. ffrancis West, 
Capt. Rojer Smith, Capt. Ralph Hanor. 

Thomas Bunn(13) swome and examined sayeth that about the 
moneth of July last past Mr William Atkin beinge sick at his 
howse and this deponent findinge him to be ver\' wealce and 
sick, did ask him how he meant to dispose of his Estate, To 
w'ch Mr Atkins replied. That he wold lea\^e all that he had 
heere in Virginia to the disposing of his Cozen Air Luke 
Boyse to pay all such debts as he did owe heere in Virginia 
and to send home the remainder to his wife and cliildren in 
Thomas iMarlott(14)_swome and examined sayeth y^ about 

M^^ Randall Holt, aged 18, who came in the George in IG^oTwas oi^e 
ot Dr. Pott s servants at The Main 1G21-5. After the expiration of his 
indentures he married Mary, daughter and heiress of John Bayly and 
acquired with her a large and valuable tract of land'on Hog Islan.i 
He has many descendants. See this Magazine V, 542, &c. 

(13) Thomas Bunn was a physican and surgeon. 

(14) Tliomas Marlott, Marlett or Marloe, Gent., lived at the College 
Land 162.>, and at the time of the Census of 1024-5, lived at The Main 
Jersey City. Thomas Bunn and his family lived near. Thomas Swin- 
how, who came in the Diana, his servant Lawrence Smallpage, aged 20 
who came m the Abigail; John Carter who came in the Prosperous, and 
IJavid i- lis and Margaret his wife, who came in the Margaret &• John, 
also lived at the Main. 


&di iwod£ i&di 




two d 'yes before Mr Atkins died he was desirous to make his 
will, w'ch was be^^unne but not finished. And further this 
dq.unent sa)'elh y' Mr Atkins used the same speeches in effect 
w'ch Mr. Bunn hath fonnerly deposed. 

Nathaniel Jefiereys swome and examined sayeth y* Mr Atkins 
ui,ed the same woordes as Mr Bunn and Mr Mariott formerl)- 
deh\'ered or to the same effect. 

John Carter swome and examined sayeth y' one Saturday 
la^t past was senni^^iit beinge the XVI1P'> of March 1(;23 
Mr. Thomas Swinliow beinge sick said to this dejvonent >* 
if ]ie should die before he camie home into England, That then 
]je \\ould give to this de]jonent and to Da\id Ellis and his wife to 
and child each of theni being of ** peace, And y* he would give 
this deponent his suite of aparell and small Tmnlce two blanketts 
one pillow, 1 pare of hose and shews & two shirtes, And further 
he sa\eth y' T\lr. vSwinhow said that if he should die before he 
recea\-ed payn.cnt for his man Lawrence that then he shoukl 
be made free. 

And further this dejjonent sayeth y' Mr. Swynhowe did sa>-e 
y ^ lie vv-ould give Mr. Gill a hundred gilders w 'ch was ten pounds 
sterling for to make the most of his Tobacco, And this deponent 
and liis brother David Ellis to see y' the most should be made 
of his Tobacco, And that after his legacies were paide, Tliat 
then the remainder of his goodes should be delivered to hi.s 
brother in London and tliat yf his brother in London were dead 
Tliat then it should be sent to his two brothers in the Countre)-. 
Margarett Ellis swome and Examined sayeth y' she did heere 
Mr. Swinhow saye y' he would give Mr. Gill a hundred gilders 
to make the most of his Tobacco, And that John Carter and 
this deponents husband should also se y^ the most should be 
made of his Tobacco. 

y is ordered y' Randall Smallwood shall have the charge of 
all such goodes of Mr. Thomas Swinhow as are yett nott 
dis];osed of and to send a true Accompt therof unto his brother 
in London. And that Mr. Swinhow's n:an Lawrence ma}- dis- 



pose of himselfe unlill fourther order com from Mr. Swinhow 
from London for and concerninge any fourther ser\ace to be 
demanded of him. 

Whereas I\lr. Alichaell Marshatt doth confess himselfe indepted 
to Mr. Gin in the smne of two thousand weight of Tobacco & 
uii\vards and for default of payment his goodes movable and 
immovable have been already forfeited, and Mr. Gill is contented 
to respitt him untill the eight of Aprill now next ensuinge. The 
Coiute doth order y' Yf default be made in payment in & 
upjjon that daye, That then Mr. Gill shall have present Exe- 
cution of all his goodes and servants by vertue of this order of 

" {238.] - - 

The Courte uppon the Peticione of Mr. Michaell Marshatt 
is contented to give him leave to trade with w'ch those con- 
sines, That Lieut. Peppett(15) or some other y* shalbe approved 
by the Governor and Councell w'th 14 sufficyent shott armed 
complete And that he sell to Such in the countrey as shalbe 
in want of come two hundred and sixtie boushel of come not ex- 
ceeding tlie rate of seaven pound of Tobacco the bushel. And 
that he deliver besides into the publique store sixtie boushell 
of Corne extra to be employed uppon PubUque uses by the 
Governor and Councell. 

W'ch the said Michaell Marshatt hath beene present in Courte 
engage himselfe to p'fonne. 

March the XXIX''' 1G26. ^. 

William vSpencer sworne and examined before the Governor 
sayeth y' in the yeare Ano Dono 1620 he did oversee the la- 
bours of six or seaven men belonginge to Capt. William Peerce 

(15) Lieut. Gilbert Peppett lived at Flowerdew Hundred in 1623' 
was a member of the Assembly of 1625, and in 1627 patented 250 acres on 
the south side of Warwick River; but is not named in the Census of 1624-5. 
His wife x-^lice came in the Jonathan in 1619. 


(10) who planted in the maine, And that thear cropp for y* 
yeere Amounted to the stime or quantitie of three or fower 
thousand pound weights of Tobacco, And that Mr. John 
Rolfe receaved all the said sume of Tobacco from the hands of 
this Examinate, And disposed of But for ye p'ticulars this 
de])onent doth not now precisely remember, But sayeth y' 
at that tym^e y' is to say at that cropp he this deponent delivered 
a p'ticular note and accom])t of the said Tobaccos to Air. John 
Rolfe written by Edward Britt one of Capt. Pearces sen-ants, 
And y' after uppon the cominge in of Capt. Peerce this de- 
ponent delivered another note to the same effect unto Capt. 

And further this deponent sayeth y' there were two of Air. 
ffranks men w'ch after Mr. iTrancks decease were put into ye 
mayne to woorke \>''th them, And farther he sayeth y' is 
[word illegible] up the chief e of theire worke, Tlie men were 
ci.manded a^^•ay to woorke over the \Aaterbv Air. John Rolfe, 
some tymes niore some t\-mes fewer, so mucli as Amounted to 
one hundred dayes woorke for a single And further this 
deponent sayeth y' in March 1622 There ])lanted over the water 
at Mr. Rolfes Plantation XXX persons, whereof some belonged 
to Mr. Rolfe, somic to Capt. Peirce, some to Mr. Ev*^yns and 
some to this deponent, each of w'ch men had to theire single 
sliare one hundred weiht of Tobacco and one baiTell of Come, 
of w'ch number of men before menconed, two only Isclcnged 
to Mr. Rolfe (Vidlt) Robert Davis and William Rohiett. 

[240.] Min [?] swome and examined before the Go\'emor 
and Mr. Abraham Persye Esquire Counsellor of estate for Vir- 
ginia, sayeth, That he was at the makinge of a smalle Shallop 

(16) Capt. William Pierce, member of the Council 1631, was father 
of the third wife of John Rolfe. At the time referred to Pierce was 
evidently in England and Rolfe was managins^ his affairs in Virginia. 
"Over the Water" was the country on the south side of the river ojjposite 
Jamestown and near the present Scotland Wharf. In this neighborhood, 
later, John Rolfe's son Thomas owned "vSmith's Fort," and other 
land "given to him by the Indian King." 



at James Cytie by ye direction of Capt. Thomas Barwick (l7) for *"' 
the Company and Adventurers of the Shipwrghts, And afterwards 
this boate was sold to Capt. Wm. Eppes for 200 pound weight 
of good merchantable Tobacco, And as yett to this deponents 
memory the aforesaid debt of 200 li. weight of Tobacco is not 
Satisfied unto any man, And further this deponent sayeth 
That upon the death of ye saide Tho Barwick he delivered u]) 
to Mr. George Sandys, There 'on, a liste of the depts y* were 
owinge by divers planters in this Colony, whereof Capt. Wm. 
Eppes his dept is as beforesaide was one, And further this 
deponent sa3'eth y* he knoweth that Mr. George Sandys 
being then Therea'r had order from the Company to receave 
uijp all the accounts and estate y* Capt. Banvick was possest 
of beinge dew and Accomtable to the Company aforesaid. 

A Courte held the Thirde daye of Aprill 1626, beinge present 
S'r ffrancis Wyatt, Knight, Governor «S:c, Capt. firancis West, 
Capt. Raljjhe Hamor, Mr. Abraham Persye. 
Randall Smallwood Provost Marshall swome and examined 
.sayeth that he, this deponent and Nathaniell Reynolds beinge 
chosen for the praysinge of the movable goodes of Mr. Richard 
Buck, minister, deceased, they praysed all the said mo\able 
goodes at the rate of three shillings p. ]J0unds in Tobacco 
Mr. Bucks hberary of Books (18) only excepted, w'ch liberary 
of bookes were praysed afterwards b}' Mr. John Prentis and 
this deponent and Nathaniell Reynolds at the rate of three 
shillings the pounde in Tobacco. 

Uppon the deposition of Randall Smallwood before taken the 
Courte conceiveth it reasonable, That ^^hereas the Gardians 
have putt in securitie for ye payment of three hundred and 

(17) Capt. Thomas Barwick was .sent to Virginia in 1622 to build 
houses, ships &c; but soon died. Tho "Company of Shipwrights," was 
one of the subordinate organizations within the Virginia Company. 

(18) This is the second minister's library of which there is record. 
That of Ronert Hunt was destroyed by fire at Jamestown. Doubtless 
other ministers had books; but we have no details regarding them. 

fits rsiuoD AH 


twentie pounde, meaninge in Tobacco at three shillings p. 
pounde, Consideringe y' is not felt y* the stock of the Children 
sliuuld rest so longe in their hands to be p.aid in Tobacco w'th 
then we know not of w't value it may be The Courte con- 
ceaves it reason y* the Gardians doe putt in securitie for the tme 
pa}'ment of halfe the value of their several bondes to be paid in 
la\'>'full money of England w'ch is agreeable and accordinge 
the praysinge of the goods. 

^»;i..H. : [242.] 

I " ^^'h•creas at the request of IMr. John Gill who hath been ymployed 

hiilier into this Country divers tymes in necessary supplies for 

f'^ \L- Countrey & doth heere in Courte p'mise to plant heere 

and to bringe in servants for y' purpose, The Courte for his 
better Encouragement doth graunte him he shall have his 
freedom granted granted him. 

^^'hereas by reason of the casualties happening to the Or- 
phants of Mr. Richard Buck, Theire doth and often may 

' fall owt divers varyances between the overseers and the 

Gardians of \e said Mr. Buck, and dangers of loss of the stock 

^- to \-e orphants, The overseers have moved the Courte that 

' bdili for theire case and the gardians and the good of the 

; oi-i)hants That they make agreement w'th the Gardians for a 

certen number of cattle to be dewe to the orphants at the 
se\ erall ages of twentie one yeers according as may be probably 
su].posed might uppon the increase. And because that 
agreement doth nott seeme principalie to agree w'th the Lore 
of the will, They desire that their Acts may receave strength 
b.\- the approbation of this Courte. To w'ch the Courte doth 
wiliinglie Consent as finding it the best and most convenient 
for both p'ties being made in y' manner as is proposed in 
cor.rie the said Overseers or Gardians. 

A Courte held the XX"' daye of Aperell 1G26 beinge present 
S'r ftVancis Wyatt, Knight, Governor, &c Capt. ffrancis West, 
Cant. Roger Smith. 


Whereas Richard Biggs(l9) of West & Shirley hundred in Vir- 
ginia late deceased did give and bequeath all his goodes anii 
chattells to Sara Biggs his wiefe and Richard Biggs his sone w 'cli 
goodes beinge solde to the best valew heere in Virginia, 
Amounteth all charges being deducted, To five thousande hxe 
hundred and eighteen pounde of Tobacco, besides two heifers 
left here in the countrey w 'ch said Tobacco is now sliipt abourdc 
the good shipp caled the Temperance now bound for England, 
And the full p'ceeds of the saide goodes as by the oath of the 
saide Sara Biggs taken in Court api:)eareth. 

In regard the full and entire moyetie of the said Tobacco 
accordinge to the tre\^^e interest and meaninge of the said 
Richard Biggs his will may come and Accrew to the said or- 
phant Richard Biggs, The Courte doth order that the said 
Sara Biggs and Samuel Sharpe \A"h'm the said Testator by 
^^'ord of mouth appointed overseer of his will and Testam.ent, 
shall enter into bonde of three hundred pounde lawfull money 
of England, that w'thin two moneths next after it shall please 
god they shall arrive in Englande They shall Take out of tlie 
Prerogati^■e Courte of Canterbury in England A letter of 
Administration, And within such a reasonable Tyme after 
they m.ay make sale of the Tobacco to bringe in a trew accompt 
of the p'ceedes thereof in money into the saide prerogati\e 
Courte, To ye ende the one moyetie thereof may redounde 
to the orpliant Richard Biggs sone of ye said Richard Biggs 

Yt is ordered that whereas Richard Biggs left a howse and nyne 
Acres of land w'ch by his last will & Testam.ent he gave and 
bequeathed to Sara Biggs his wiefe and Richard his sone. 

CIO) The will of Richard Biggs was printed in this Magazine X I , 
300, 3(31. He was a yeoman, probably of moderate means when he came 
to Virginia, and the estate he left shows what an industrious man could 
do even in those early and disturbed days. In addition to the amount left 
his wife he gave his sister Rebecca Rose six acres of land and Samuel 
Sharpe 300 lbs tobacco. The amount the wife's share realized, 5518 liis 
tobacco, would be worth at the usual rate at this time of thre.i shillings 
a pound, about £800. It is not likely that the value was as much; init 
still it was a good result for the work of a small farmer. 


Y' is ordered that the said Sara Biggs shall have the Gardian- 
ship of the body and landes of the saide Richard Biggs. To 
be accomptable for the moyetie of the yeerely rent and p'ffit 
thereof to the said Orphant Richard Biggs when either he shall 
come to adge of twenty one yeeres or otherwise of yeers of 
discretion to Chouse his Gardian. 

V is ordered y' such wearing Cloothes as Mr. John Bates(20) 
died seased of shallbe solde to the best advantage w'th A 
Tmnk marked with his owne marke Towards the payment 
of his depts and whereas John Southern p'senteth in Courte 
one bill of dept under the hand and scale of Mr. John Bates 
for 70 pound of Tobacco, and one bill of dept of Michael Graves 
[':] for 25 pound of Tobacco y^ is ordered y' John Southern 
sliall have Mr. Bates his trunlc and those things y» are therein 
(\idet) a Coate, a canvas doublett and one old Ruff bande in 
satisfactione of tlie said two debts. 

" '[24or 
A Courte held The XXV"> of Aprill 1G2G being present S'r 
liVancis Wyatt, Knight, Governor S:c Capt. ftVancis West, 
Capt. Roger Smith, Capt. Samuel Mathewes, Mr. William 

\ ' is ordered y' George ffyer(2l) ftaylinge in the fullfilling of his 
rwnventents w'th Robert Wright shall pay the charge of his 
Iiiprisonment and one liundred and fyftie pound weiht of good 
r.ierchantable Tobacco for damages. And one hundred weihte 
of Tobacco and & [':] for three weekes woorke & y' Robert 
\\'right and his man did woorke w'th George ffyer. 
I^lr. Thomas Bun sworne and examined sayeth y^ the bill he 
]/auced in Courte for physick and surgerie for Andrew 
Waters Mr. Richard Stephens man is a trew bill and due bej^t 
inito him. 

Y' is ordered y' John Southern shall pay the said bill to Mr. 
Bunn out of Mr. Stej^hens goodes. 

(To be continued.) 

(20) John Bates, a^'cd 24, who came in the Southampton, 1G2I, was in 
lb24-o a "servant" to Archibald Persey at Persey's Hundred; but he 
was evidently a hired employee as soon afterwards he was styled 
"merchant. ' 

ime in 

George Fyes was probably the George Fries of the Census, 
the William of Thomas, and who with his wife Ursula, who c 


;n the London Merchant, was living at Pashbihayes on the Main in 1024-5. 
k'.lK-rt Wnglit aged 45, who came in the Swan, IGOS, was one of Anthony 
iJ'Huill s "Muster", at Elizabeth City, l()2t-5. 

J(.;*i > . 



(Contributed by Leo Culleton, 92 Piccadilly, London, W., and 
the late Lothrop Withington.) 

Thomas Dangerfield, of the parishe of WickwaiTe, co. 

Gloucester, Clothier. 
Dated 30 April 3 Jas. Admon 30 May 1605. 

i\ly bod\' to be buryed in the churchyarde of \Vick\\^arre. 
To my eldest sonne, John Dangerfield, £100. To my eldest 
daughter, Elizabeth, £100. To my younger daughter, 
Marie, £100. To my sonne, Edwarde, £120. To my mayde 
servaunte Edith Roch, 20s. To my sister Alice, wife of 
Richard AIabbet, £3. To my sister Jone, £20. To my 
sister Marie Chaundler, 40s. To my brother in lawe Ed- 
ward Chalndler, one suite of my apparrell. And to his sonne 
Richard, one cowe, and to his two daughters, 20s. a peece. 
To m)- sisier Katheryne, £4. To my Joumy-man, Anthony 
Houlder, 20s. To my apprentyce Edwarde Merret, 10s. 
To m\- brother John Trotman, two suits of api)arell. And to 
h:s sonne Jolm, 408. To the poore of Wickwar, 2()s. And to 
the Higli wayes there 10s. Residuary Legatee and Sole execu- 
cutor, my sonne TiiO.\L\s [sic. J 

Overseers: — Robert Hale, of Alderley in the Co. of Glou- 
cester, esquire, my father in lawe Edwarde 
of Haukesbury, and my brother in lawe Tho.mas Trot- 
man of Cromwell and John Cooper, Minister, of the 
Church of Alderly. 
My will is that my eldest sonne John and my eldest daughter 
Elizabeth, be delivered to the tuition and keeping of Mr. 
Hale, my daughter Marie to the keeping of my Father in lawe 
Edward Trotman and his daughter Elizabeth, and my sonne 
Thomas to the tuition of mv brother in lawe Christopher 

, i«ohT 


■ ,f) 



.; .\,> ■ Trotman, of Wynterborne, co. Gloucester, and my sonne 

Edward to be trayned up at the descretion of Mr. Hale and 
r. -r ,: my father in lawe. 

Money owing to me : 
^'. . from John Connynga.m, of Bristol! _ £11. 

from Thomas Jewell, of Bristoll _... £5. 

from Roberte Webbe of Wickwarre _ £5. 

:! . from George, merchant at London £102.10. 

Edward Trotman — 
Thomas Trotman — Witnesses 
John Cooper — 

Administration 30 May 1605 granted to Christopher Trot- 
man, during the minority of Tho;uas Dangerfield the Exor 
,f'Ji' named. 

P. C. C. 36 Haves. 

Thomas Dangerfield, Citizen and Haberdasher, of London, 
intending very shortlie to travell over beyond the Seas 
abowte m^^ affaires and buisynes. 
Dated 29 March 1612. Proved 17 Feb. 1618-19. 

All my Goods chattells, readie money and Debtes whatso- 
ever to be divided into three equal partes. Ellen, my wife shall 
have one third part, one other third part unto my Children, 
viz., Thomas, William, Joseph, Robert, Rebecca & Eliza- 
beth equalh' ainongst them, to be paid unto my sonns at suche 
tyme as they shall atteyne to the age of twentie one yeares and 
to my daughters at like age or be severally marr3^ed. And the 
other third part I reserve to my selfe. Out of which I bequeath 
tl-ic follcjwing. 

To my mother a ringe of Golde of the valewe of 30- 
To my freind Haunce [?Hannce] Mus of Lubycke, a ringe of 
golde, of same valewe. 

To my sister Cowdall and also to my sister Annyon, 20- to 
each of them for a ringe. 

To Hannce Philipp Stamler, Marchant straunger, my 
freind, a ringe of golde of 40- valewe. 

> ajHsq 



To Anne Sysoll, of Lubyck, a ringe of golde, of the valevve of 

The re-.idue of my own third, to be divided amongst mv Chil- 

"I entreate my wife to be good and kind to my brother Wil- 
liam Dangerfield yi he become a good husband." 
Sole Executrix: Ellen my wife. 

0\erseers: -my brothers, Richard Cowdall & Richard Lee, 
and my freind Mr. John Bridges. 

John Vv'aj^en, Scr. 

Edmond Jeffery —Witnesses 

George Waters, Ser\'ant to the said Scrivenor — 

Proved 17 Feb. 1G18-19 by the Sole Executrix named. 

P. C. C. 24 Parker. 
[It is evident that these Dangerfields were prosperous clothiers and 
merchants, probably coming originally from Gloucestershire. The 
Londoner evidently did business with Lubeck and other contmental 
cities. The emigrant ancestor of the family of this name which has been 
oi prommence from the first settlement, was William Dangerfield who 
patented land on the Rappahannock in 1GG7 and died before 1G71. His 
^:on John was born in 1(531 so the emigrant might well have been the 
son Wdham named in the will of Thomas Dangerfield of London Of 
course this would have to be proved by farther research. For an 
ficcount of the \'irginia family, see Wm & Mary Quarterly, VIII and IX 
Vvhatever the English descent of the Virginia family it can disclaim 
any connection with, the notorious scoundrel, Thomas Dangerfield the 
nifonner, of the time of Charles IL He was bom at Waltham, Essex 
alxiut 1(),-jO, and was a considerably younger man than John Daneer- 
ncld, son of the emigrant to Virginia.] 

William Downeman, of Plymouth, co. Devon. 
Dated 21 April 1607. Proved 12 March 1609-10 

To the poore of Plymouth, £5. 

To James Downeman, my sonne, two closes of Land conteyn- 
ing five acres called Fryars Pricks within the borough of Ply- 
mouth, in the tenure of Christofer Wilkins as in the right 
of Lear his now wife. Provided that, Alice my wife injoye 
the same during her life. ' 


To Christopher Downeman, my sonne, one tenement with 
two Closes of Land thereto belonging, now in the tenure of 
RoC:ER CooMYN, within the town of Plimpton iXIorris, in the 
said Co. of Devon. And one other tenement lyeing in Mill- 
strecte in Plimpton Mary also two Closes of land to the said 
Tenement belong in Plymipton Underwood in the said Co. in 
the tenure of Francis Derrant. 

To Zachary Downeman, my sonne, one Tenement, one Or- 
chard and one Garden, now in the tenure of John Vosper lye- 
ing within the borough of Liskeard, co. Cornwall. 
To Robert Downeman, my sonne, one tenement wherein 
Jai^ies Knapp new dwelleth, scytuate within the Burrough of 
Plymouth in TrevUl streate, and also one Close of land con- 
teyning by estimation, one Acre, now in the tenure of Chris- 
tofer Wilkins as in the right of Loar his wife, scituate in 
tlie Burrough of Plymouth neere the Horsing poole. And also 
one parcell of land in Fursball, in Plymouth neere a \Aace 
sometimes called Larry ]\ lilies now in the tenure of the said 
Christofer Wilkins. 

To Prudence Downeman, my daughter, £100. To Judith 
Dov/neman, my daughter, £100. To John Downeman, my 
son £20. To Anne, my daughter, after the death of Alice 
my wife, my best sylver goblett. Residuary Legatee and Sole 
Executrix: the said Alice my wife. 

Overseers: my freinds, John Philips and Thomas Payne, 

Thomas Payne — 

George Jones — Witnesses 

Walter Glubb — 

Proved 12 March 1009 by the Sole Executrix named. 

P. C. C. 27 Wingfield. 
[In an old paper preserved by descendants of the Virginia Dovvnman 
faniily it is stated "My father's great grand father Gave Great assist- 
ance lo the building up of a Cathedral Church in plemouth (Plymouth) 
his name is set in the wall. William Downeman a Great rememberer 
of the poor * * my grandfather went to perbodus (Barbadoesi and 
lived at a place called Spiheres my father was left his Estate a youth," 
and is added in another part "Raleigh Downeman the young son * * * 
moved to Bermuda, thence to Lancaster County Va, 1G53." This is a 
vague, crude tradition. The nanie Raleigh certainly does not appear in 
the family until after its arrival in Virginia, but the tradition may cun- 



'Mi>L.nW jjji mr 

•»OTq T^jr.) Wo m nij 


lain a ckic as to the true line of descent. John Downeman was bom in 
15^2 and canie to Virginia in the Jokn &■ Frances, 1614. His wife Elizabeth 
w'lo was born in 1519, came in the Warwick, 1621. At the time of the census 
of 1624-5 they lived at Elizabeth City. John Downeman was appointed 
a Commissioner (justice) for that county March 1628-'J, and was a Bur- 
gess October 1629. Another emigrant was "William Downeman, gent," 
wiio came in 1608. The first of the present Virginia family of the name 
was William Downman who lived in Lancaster County in 1052, and who 
died in 1651), leaving a widow Dorothy. They were no doubt p'arents 
of William Downman who married about 1679, Million, daughter of 
Raleigh Travers of Lancaster County, and died in 1712. See Wm & Alary 
Quart rly, XVIII, 138-141, and Hayden's Virginia Cencalogiss. Wni. 
Downman, who died in 1765, or his brother Raleigli who died, a very 
old man, in 1781, may have been the writer of the old paper referred to. 
Tlicy were grandsons of William and Million Downeman. It will be 
noted that ihe family tradition, as given in this paper, traces to a resi- 
dent of Plymouth.] 

John Downes, Citizen and Merchanttaylor of London. 

Dated 7 Feb. 1610-17. Proved 20 May 1617. 

My goods and chattels to be divided into three equall parts, to 
Ann my wife, one part, one other parte unto my three Chil- 
dren, John, Ann and Margarett, to be divided and paid unto 
them at their ages of Twentie and one yeares or daye of mar- 
]-iage, the other third part as follows : 

To my father and mother EdxViond & Joane Downe, £20. To 
my lorother George Downe and to my Sister his bedfellowe, 
to each lOs. to make them a Ring. To Roger Claxton and 
to my sister Alice his wife, lOs. to make them Rings. To 
Hugh \'yoll and to my sister Ellen his wife 10s. to make 
them Rings. To my sister Joane Downe, £5. To my 
brother Nicholas Downe, a peece of "brode" Clothe. To my 
three overseers, hereafter named 20- each, to make them 
Rings. To Mr. Anes Preacher, xxijs. To the poore of the 
]*arish, x;:s. 

Residiiarv' Legatee and Sole Executrix: Ann my wife. 
r)\erseero: John AIothe, and Nicholas Hooker, Citizens 
and Goldsmiths of London and my brother Nicholas 
Downe and my freind George Turseman mchanttaylor. 
And concerning my lands in Eastham neere Crewkerne in the 
Co. of Somerset I bequeath the same unto Ann my wife, her 
heires and assigns for ever. 


M bri 

yj'j'i'^i .urii 



Edward Romeny, Scr. — 

Thoimas Houghton, Scr. — Witnesses. 


Edward Cooke. — 

Proved 20 May 1(')17 b}' the Sole Executrix named. 

P. C. C. 48 Weldon. 
IThe Nicholas Downes named as brother, may have been Nicholas 
Downes, of London, Esci., whose will was printed in this Magazine 
XXII, 26, and who had a niece Jane Downes in Virginia. George 
Downe or Downes was a Burgess for Elizabeth City Co., Va., 1G31 and 
1()32, and may have been the brother George named in the will. In 
tiiis case, as in many others, the wills are printed, as affording good 
clues for further work.] 

Dorothie Duke within the precinct of the Cathedrall Churche 
of the Holy Trinity of Norwiche, the v.-idowe of Mr. Ed- 
ward Duke of Benhall in the Countie of Suit. Esq. 
Dated 20 Jan. 1011. Proved 23 May 1614. 

My body to be bur^-ed in Benhall Churche. To my sonne 
in Lawe Sr. John "^Bluenerhasset, Knighte, one guilte Cupp 
(;t iiij£. To my daughter his wife, the best Bedd and Bed- 
stead. To theire sonne and heire Henry Blenerhasset, £40, 
to be paid him when he comes to the age of one and twentie 
yeares. To my sonne Samuel Bluenerhasset of Lowdham, 
Esquire, one silver Cupp of iiij£. To my daughter, his wife, 
one gould Rynge. To my goddaughter, Dorothie Bleuner- 
hasset, £50. To my sonne in lawe. Mr. William Webb, 
gent, One silver Cupp of iiij£. To my daughter, his wife, one 
Go'de R^-nge. To her daughter, Anne Webb, one silver boll. 
To my sonne Sydnor, my silver Boll that is used every daye. 
To my Brother Sr. Robert Jermyn, a golde rynge. To his 
Ladye, a golde rynge. To my Brother, William Jermyn, a 
golde rynge. To Mrs. Corbet, one little square quishion. To 
my brother Sidnor, a golde rynge. To my god sonne William 
SiDNOR, twoe silver spoones. To my goddaughter Dorothie 
Sidnor, twoe silver spoones. To my Ladie Ashefield, one 
white taffata quishion. To my godsonne Edward Duke, one 
guilt Cupp and one Crimson velvet quishion "wroughte with 

rrr h-y/xi 



the Dukes & Jermyns Armes." To 1113^ Cosin Mrs. Jane 
TuRRELL, twentie shillings. To my Cosin Theiston [?Thirs- 
tonJ of Hexton, one gould rynge. And to his wife a golde 
rynge. To my goddaughter Mrs. Franncys Archdale, my 
Canopie. To her sonne, my godsonne, twoe silver spoones. 
To William Fugill, Clarke, 10s. To my Cosin Nicholas 
Edgar, one golde ringe. To my Cosin S.mithe his daughter, 
my goddaughter Dorothie, one peece of plate, of 20s. price. 
To my goddaughter, Dorothie, the daughter of Sr. John 
Tarsboroughe one peece of plate, of 20s. price. To Mr. 
Thomas Corbetts sonne, my godsonne, one peece of plate of 
20s. price. To my Neiphue, Edward Elmes, V£. To my 
Cosin, EvEREDS sonne, my godsonne, one peece of plate, of 
20s. price. To my Neece Katherine, the wife of William 
Snowdyne, V£. To my Neiphue Percey, one Teaster of a 
Bedd of Tawney coulor Damaske. To my Servant, George 
TooGOOD, 10s. To my man, Thomas Ashlie, 10s. To Anne 
Createmore, one featherbed. To the Cannons and Singing 
men, 10s. to be devided amongst them. To the poore of Catton, 
10s. To my servant, Emm, Vs. 
Residuary Legatee and Sole Executor: — my sonne Thomas 


Theordore Goodwyn, & William Fugill, Clerke & Mary 

Goodwyn wife of the said Theodore, Witnesses. 

Yt is my intent that whatsoever I have given unto my daughter 

Elizabeth Webbe, yf she dye, then her daughter Anne shall 

"have them." 

Proved 23 May 1614 by the Sole Executor named. 

P. C. C. 33 Lawe. 

Ambros Duke of Benhall, co. vSuff., Esquire. 
Dated 22 Oct. 1610. Proved 2 Feb. 1610-11. 

To Elizabeth, my wife, all my Manners, Lands, tenements 
and hereditaments whatsoever, scituate within the counties of 
SuiMk and Norfolk And also all the rentes, fines, profitts. 
and Commodities whatsoever wch shall arise or be levied or 
taken by calls or force of a grant and assignment made by John 
Holland, esq. unto William Webbe & Thomas Goodwyne, 



of the Manor of Benhall, with the appurtenances which is 
n^ade to them in truste unto my proper use and benefitt for 
divers years. 

And r will that after all my debts are paid the profitts of my 
aUjve said xMannors and Lands wch I late purchased of Thomas 
Kpi.e of Arrundell Thomas Erle of Suffolk and William Lord 
Hgv/ard, shalbe yearlie collected and taken by my wife untill 
my *sonne shall accomplish the age of six and twentie yeares 
lor and towards the benefitt of Anne Duke & Elizabeth Dike 
my daughters. 
■*Not n.'imed. 

I will that Thomas Duke, my brother shall have his borde and 
lodgmge at the charges of my wife for himself and his Man, and 
also pasture for his two geldings. 

To my goddaughter Jane Bleunerhasset, one of the daughters 
of Samuel Bleunerhasset esqr, and Marie his wife, mv sister, 
£'100. To my brother in lawe, William Webb, and to my 
sibter his wife and to Anne Webb their daughter, £5 each. To 
my godsonne Ambros Bleunerhasset, the sonne of Sr John 
Bleunerhasset Knight, £20. To Dorothy Duke, my mother, 
Thomas Duke, my brother *1William Sidnor, (sic) 
gent my brother in lawe and unto Margaret his wife, my sisterj 
and unto Thomas Goodwyn, my brother in law, unto e^-erie 
of them a peece of plate of the valew of £5. 
To William Barnes, of Benhall, my servant, 40s. yearlie. To 
John Johnson, my Man, two suites of apparrel. To Robert 
Corbould and Robert Feveryeere, my servants, 40s. a 
peece. To John Barnes, my sen^ant, £3. To John Cozen 
my ser\'ant, 40s. To Elizabeth Forman, 40s. To the i)oore 
of Benhall, 40s. and to the poore of Saxmondham, 20s. the 
poore of Snape 30s., the poore of Sweflinge, 20s., anrl to the 
poore of Farnham, 10s. To Thomas Edgar, gent of greate 
'Glemham my kinsman, a Sylver Cupp 
Sole Executrix, the said Elizabeth my wife. 
Super^nsor:— Sr. Henry Glemham, knight. 

^^>^'l".r^■ ""^l^'^ 'u ^^t ^^'^'-'^ "^^'^ ^^^S^^y to Mr. SIDNER and his 

er h[^ 1 f ^^-^ ^^"^ rru^^""' ^y reason that h:s .said 

in bracket 1 ^ ^^ ' ^^"^ ^'^'"'^ ^^''^'^ ^^^^^ ^^'^'^^ P""^'-"^^ h^'^*^ 

virginia gleanings in england 247 

Thomas Goodwin, John Sherwood, Ed.mond Cole.\l\n, 
Francis Coleman, & Robert Spacham Witnesses. f 

Proved 2 Feb. IC 10-11 by the Executrix named. 

P. C. C. 14 Wood. 
*;Glemham in Suffk.] 

Abstract of the Will of 
Elizabeth Duke, of Benhall, co., Suff., widdowe, the late wife 
of Ambrose Duke, Esq., deceased. 

Dated 22 Dec. 9 Jas. Proved 21 Jan. 1611-12. 

Whereas the foresaid Ambrose Duke did give all his Man- 
ners, lands tenements, and hereditaments whatsoever scituate 
within the Counties of Suff. and Norff. And also all rents fines 
and ]"^rcfitts whatsoever which should in any wise be due or be 
levied or taken by Color or force of a grant or assignment made 
by John Holland Esqr. unto William Webb and Thomas 
GoDWYN esquires, of the Mannor of Benhall. To have during 
my life, Provided that I paye all the debts of the said Ambrose 
and paie all his legacies and "keep upp" all his children. And 
after all his debts were paid, then the profitts which could be 
raysed should be yearly taken by me, my executors and as- 
signes, during my life, or untill his sonne Edward should ac- 
complish tlie age of six and twenty, fur and towards the benefitt 
of the daughters of the said Ambrose. And for that I have 
taken uppon me the execution of tlie said will I doe stande 
bound and one Robert vSparham with m.e in fouer severall 
c>bligacons for the payment of £300 or thereabouts. And 
whereas I finde myself much subject to sickness * * * 
Therefore "I discharge of myself and the foresaid debts and of 
the said Robert Sparham," and for the preformance of my 
said husband's Will, doe hereby bequeath all the said Manners 
etc to my Executors. 

And whereas it has pleased our Sov. Lord the Kings Matie, with 
the advice of the master and Councell of his highnes Court of 
Wards and liveries, to commit and grant unto me the Custodie, 


l>:2 f/.?j^ia 


wardshipp and marriage of my said Sonne Edward Duke, his 
highnes Ward and onlie sonne and heire of my said liusband 
And also to grant unto me the third part of the said Mannor 
Lands To hold the same from the 2Gth Nov. in the '"eight" 
yere of his JMats. reign during the minority of the said ED^^•ARD. 
And whereas son^e of my friends have ingaged themselves for 
me in divers somes of money b}' their special bonds Therefore 
for the discharge of ni\' conscience and their discharge which 
ha\'e soe ingaged thenvseh-es I desire the IMaster and Councell 
of the said Court to pennitt m^y Executors to inioye the l^en- 
efitt of the said grants '' * * And after my said Execu- 
tors have satisfied and paid m.y said freinds soe bound etc. then 
the overplus to my Sonne Edward to be paid him att his age 
of twentie yeares. And as for the benefitt to be raysed for the 
preferment of my daughters and their education and bringing 
upp I refeiT the same \^'hollie unto the discretion of my execu- 

To Eme, the now wife of the said Robert Spariiam, £5, and to 
Edward Holmes, gent., my late husband's "," 
i'G.13.4. And to my sister Webb her daughter Axne. £1U. 
And to the W^iddowe Soyer, 20s to the Goodwife Artis, 4Us. 
and unto Mris Hardier, 40s. And to Elizabeth my mayde 
servant, X3 to my mayde Diana, 30s. to Robert Feavery- 
eare, my man servant, 20s. to Elizabeth Beart, 10s. Roisert 
Corbould 20s. Jarmeye Blttolf 20s. and John Man, 30s. 
all my seiwants. And to Mr. Dayves, the preacher, 40s. And 
to Edmond Coleman of *Hacheston gent., 40s. And to Mrs. 
Dorothe Duke my mother in lawe, 40s. to buy her a ringe. 
Also to Mr. Thomas Edgar gent., 40s. to buy him a Ring. Also 
to Francis Coleman, the Sonne of Edmond Coleman, gent., 
of Hacheston, 10s. Also to my two daugditers Anne &' Eliza- 
beth, five payer of Sheets etc to either of these. And the 
residue of my thrid parte to be devided amongst the Children 
of Edward Doyle, esquire by Marie now his wife and Richard 
GooDRiCK, esquire by Margarett nowe his wife. 
Executors: the said Thomas Goodwyn & Thomas Duke, 

gent my late husband's brother. 
Suijervisor: William Jer.myn, esquire. 



Edmond Coleman, Francys Coleman, George Hatfield, his 

ir;arl:e, John Aldriche, William Gouldes, his marke, 

JoHis Aldriche, Witnesses. 

Proved 21 Jan. 1611-12 by the Executors named. 

P. C. C. 5 Fenner. 
*In Suffk. 

[These wills are of the family of Duke, of Benhall, Suffolk, ancestors 
of f^lizabtth, wife of Nathaniel Bacon, "the Rebel." The pedigree 
begins witli Richard Duke who was sheriff of London in the reign of 
Richard I. His descendants for a number of generations were people 
of position in Suffolk. Edward Duke, Esq., of Brampton and Shading- 
field, Suffolk, purchased Benhall, married Dorothy, daughter of Sir 
Ambrose Jennings, of Rushbrook, SutTolk, and died 1598. His widow's 
will is printed above. As Dorothy Duke makes no bequest to any 
Duke children, it would seem that in this, as in other cases, the will 
corrects the printed pedigree, and that she was step-mother to Ambrose 
Duke, her husband's successor. Edward Duke was succeeded by his 
son, Ambrose Duke, Esq., of Benhall, who married Elizabeth, daughter 
and co-heiress of Bartholomew Calthrop. of Suffolk, and died in 1610. 
His will and that of his wife are printed. It will be noted that he 
calls Dorothy Duke "my mother." Ambrose Duke was succeeded by 
his son Edward Duke of Benhall, who was first knighted and was cre- 
ated a Baronet in 1661. He married Ellen, daughter of John Panton, 
of Brunslip, Derby, and among his mnnerous children was Elizabeth, 
wife of Nathaniel Bacon.] 




(^From his letter book in the Collection of the Virginia Historical 

(I i , ■ 


To Perry and Lane. 

Virga ffeb^y y^ 12"^ 168G. 


My last to you was i^ Hall, who I am told run on ground 
6': lost ab* 10 days time, however hoi.e by this time hee may bee 
Safe in England; this acconipany's the Culpepper, 20''^ 120 
II'''* of Tobacco & 5 of furs C'r; Wee have had Some dispute 
ab* his fraight, & I thinke it hard y^ wee (who have allways as- 
sisted him in his necessity) should pay more than others that 
ship inconsiderable parcdls, & thougli a Charter Pty is pre- 
tended yet Some whose names are thereon indorsed, have af- 
firmed, they never gave Orders or desired any Such thing, & I 
know most others who are under my circumstances have re- 
fused to take bills of Ladeing, & allthough I have, yet I wholly 
leave it to you, & doubt not, but shall bee used as kindly 
others. The Byrd I hope may bee ready some time next 
moneth. Audeley hath (much adoe) promised mee ab' 150 
HJ« & I know not but I may goe w^'^ him, if I can procure 
fraight, w'''^ I yet want for near 300 H''^ the Turky merchant 
being gone for Yorke hath wholly disappointed us; So that wee 
none to expect but Tibbets & Hasted, & fear they will bee both 
late; IVIy Service to all friends & please to accept the same from 

Yo' reall fr'^ & Ser\'* 
W. B. 
To mess" Pen-y & Lane — ^.Cul] 


To Mr. North. 

Vir-a ffeb-^y y-^ 12'*^ 1686 

This vServes to accompany Cap^ Ruds w'^ 70 H'^ of Tobacco 
Sz Six of furs & skins \\& I hope will come Safe to yo"" Hands. 
I am now in great want of fraight, Burrell being gone to Yorke 
River, hath disappointed us here, & have none now to Expect 
but Tibbets & Hasted both wc'' I fear will bee late; Ab* y« 
latter End of Aprill or begining of May I hope to see you & 
therefore shall not trouble you farther at present but with best 
respects & Service to all where due I remain 


Yo'' assured frd & Serv* 
W. B. 
To m^ North ^ Ruds. 

To John Thomas & Company, Barbados. 

Virga ffeb^y 12*1' 1686. 

Yo''* by Wynne I last weeke reed, allso yo'' generall letter 
C'a Since w"'' I have not had oppertunity to discourse the 
Gen*^ concem'd, but Suppose they are (upon the fair Acco' }-ou 
have given of yo' just proceedings) now better Satisfy 'd; I 
have not yet reed any goods from on board, but daily expect 
them; tlie ship hath been hindred by bad weather; but now 
hope shee will bee Suddenly unloaden, & ready to take Wheat 
in for Madera's, whither (God willing) shee is design'd & from 
thence you may expect her to Barbados; where I shall not in 
y* least doubt yo' diligence for her dispatch: The Pipe Staves 
mentioned in my fonner m"" Perry will i)ay mee for. 

I designe (God willing) for England this Spring, but doubt 
not before I goe to have an oppertunity to exi.)resse my Selfe. 

Yo' assured friend & Servant 
W'°. B. 
To Mess'^ Jno. Thomas & Comp^ 
In Barbados. 



(.. . To John Thomas & Company, Barbados ' 
K -. ' '. 

i. , . Virginia Aprill y« IG"' 1(388 


Last yeare (1) when I was goeing out of the Country I wrote 
to you but I find itt miscaryed & that I had no goods from you 
by Wynne Last voyage & Since my arrivall here I find two let- 
ters from you whearein you mention the £118 due from me to 
3-ou for Last goods I had w*^"^ Mess''^ Perry & Lane tould mee 
you cliarged to them as allso a considerable sum charged by 
Wiiine for the Last Ladeing both w'^'' when I was in the 
do\\nes comeing awa}' was demanded by AP Daulby Thomas 
, of AI"' JMicajah Perr}'- as hee wrote me word; the £118 I owned 

to M'' Perry to be due for such a Cargoe sent mee but I wondered 
to lind I had not Cred'* given mee for what I had in your hands 
I suppose },'ou may have advised of the allowance theareof befor 
this Comes to your hands w*^^ will bee well enough for haveing 
no Barbados goods by Wi'nne last voyage in my absence the 
^ Gcn^ concerned have lent mee Severall p'cells b}' w*"^' means I 

owe a considerable Quantity of yo"" Commodity & tharefor I 
; have sent inclosed an Livoice for what goods I would have you 

i; send mee by Wynne or if otherwise you find a Convenience by 

I. any other ship or Vessel that comes for James River before him. 

1, I desire you to send mee att least halfe the Sugars and Mel- 

v lasses thereby but no Rum but by Wynne M'" Sadlein was 

very well when I left london (w'='' was y® weeke before Xmas 
& may be I suppose ere this w"^ you to whom my Servis w'^'' 
I desire you all to accept from Gn'. 
Yo'' reall freind & Servant 

W. B. 

Whatever these goods may come to more then I have effects 
in yu^ hands I will pay by Mess" Perry & lane in london; only 
I Deseir you would please to send mee yo'^ acco* that all things 
may be fairly accommodated. 

il) In the Sprin},' of 1G87 l^yrd wont to Kngland and returned in the 
■]>ring of the next year. 


.J woy miBfib I 


Invoice of Sundry goods & Merchandizes sent for by me W"" '-nt, 
Byrd to Mess" Jno Thomas & Comp^ Merchants In Barbados 
for my pticuler acco* & Risque Viz: 

4000 Gallons of Rum: 

5000 of Muscovaco: sug"" or rather 6000 

8 or 10 Tun of Malasses 

1 Barren of ab* 2tb of whitt sug' 

Let the Rum & Shug"" & Mellasses be all in small Caske & if 
possible Wynne may not be able to bring all thearefor I deseir 
you would send at Least halfe the sugar & Mellasses by the first 
Convenience for James River for I am now in want. 

Virga April! y« 16*'^ 1688 — ^Wm Byrd 

To Mess" Jno Thomas S: Company 

In Barbados 

To Anthony Horsmanden (2) 

Virga Aprill the 16 1688. 

I reced one from you att Deale w"-'' much troubled mee, to 
finde you so much concemd as likely to Suffer by any proceed- 
ings of mine, & was very Sorry you were not pleased to let me 
know it whilst I was in London that I might have indeavored 
to have p'vented any Misunderstandings, I must Confesse I 
v^-as Somewhat moved at your letter, w'-''' made mee write to 
3'ou so freel3^ & if any thing was amiste therein I doubt not but 
your goodnesse (whereof I am \-ery Sensible) will Excuse itt, I 
did allwa}'s acquaint you w"' w* progresse I made in London; 
You know I attended my L^* Ch: frequently but never could 
have y'^ Hon"" to discourse him, 3'ou know allso very well (I'me 
sure better then I) what was promised, & on what Condicon; 
I was SoiT\' I could not hear farther from vou whilst I remained 

(2) Anthony Horsmanden was an uncle of Mrs. Byrd. Her first 
husband (who lived but a short time after their marriage) was her 
cousin, Samuel Filmer, third son of Sir Robert Filmer, of East Sutton, 
Kent. He left his wife his sole legatee, and made father Warhain 
Horsmanden and her uncle Anthony Horsmanden "overseers" of his 
estate. Probably the dihieulty between Byrd and Anthony Horsmanden 
was about some matter relating to Filmer's estate. See this Mag- 
azine XV, ISl. 


':sHoH YvtOHTi^A oT 



ri ] 

•f>7 I 


att Deale, y* if y" course I propos'd, had not beene Sufficient, 
Some other means mi<^ht have been Consider'd to pvent any 
Inconveniency to you or my self, but I hope all thing are long 
since accomodated, & you reinstated in his L*^ ships favour, for 
I would not by any means you should suffer on my acco', but 
I hoi)e all pties are Sattisfyed, & there onely wants my ackowl- 
edgem'^ to yo'' selfe wc'' I shall allways bee ready to make in 
such nianner & measure as you shall reasonably ppose: pray 
give my humble service to my Aunt Coz° Judith, & all yo"" 
Little ones, & please to accei)t y'.Same yo^self, \v"' my thanks 
for all 3'o'' favours I remain 

Yo'' obliged Kinsman & Sen,'ant. 
To my Uncle Antony 

To ThOMAs Byrd. 

Virga Aprill y« 16^"^ 1688 
Dear Bro: 

I wrote to you from y^ Downes & wonder you would not bee 
so kind to lett mce hear from you a line or two in answer, I had 
a pleasant & sliort passage, being not much aVjove a Moneth 
from Land to Land I gave M"' Hart well yo"' Letter I hojje 
you will improN'e yo'' time & acquaintance be just & fair in yo"" 
dealings, for now is yo'' time to get Credite or never, you must 
be diligent & carefull now to gett a good reputacon & I will as- 
sure you I will not bee wanting to doe you all y" offices of lo\e 
& service y* lyes in my way. I thank God I found my wife & 
famiily in prety good health, though v/ee had a Sickly time 
pray lett me hear from you often for I am Sure you cannot w ant 
0])pertunity's, Remember mee to my sisters Robinson Si 
Mary I ho])e they'l Excuse ray comeing av*"ay so abruj.'tly 
you know y*^ Occation. 

j\Iy Service to all our ffrds, you ma}' assure }'our Selfe I am 

Dear Bro 
Tu Bro. Tom 


Jns'naS ^^ 

VdOJrtA fihn'} var '.>'. 



' " To Thomas Gower. 

S^ Virga Aprill y« 16"» 1688 

This is onl\- to give you an Acco* of my Safe arrivall here after 
a short & ]3leasant passage of little more then a Moneth; yo"" 
Brother (3) here seems much out of order, complains of a pain 
in his Side, w"-' hath troubled him for or five Moneths, that he 
is not able to ride nor walk far; I believe he is in a decaying 
condicon; ]n-ay if you have m.ade up yo'' Acco*^ & return'd an 
Inventory of my Mothers & Grandmothers Estate, please to 
send me a Co])py of tliem, for I have no reason to quitt my claim 
to y" fonner, you know some concerned therein have not 
oblidged mee so much, & for y" latter it concerns my son, who 
cannot be prejudiced by any Lapse during his Nonage. Pray 
give my service to all our ffr''^ wee have frequently drank yo"" 
good healths but not yett disposed of y*^ token, However wee 
Intend a returne by this Ship; Remember mee to aU fif'''^* at 
Ldminton -X: honest Dick ffaucett w"* my Coz" Seabright ^ 
Cozn Hesther, & accept of my hearty Service to yo"" selfe w'*" 
tlianks for all yo"" favo'' I am 


To m'' Tho: Gower 

., r To Jacob Bobert (4). 
S-- Virga Aprill yMG''^ 1688 

I must beg yo' pardon y' I did not answer yo" at London, 

(3) The brother was Abel Gower, who was a justice of Henrico County, 
Va., 1677-85, Sheriff IGSl, and a member of the House of Burgesses 1679. 
His will was dated Dec. 2.5, 168S, and proved June 16S9. He gave his 
wife Jane his plantation for life, and then to his daughter Tabitha, and 
if she died without issue, to Priscilla and 01)edience Branch. Mrs. Jane 
Gower had been a widow Branch. On Oct. 20, 1700, license was issued 
for the marriage of Richard Grigg and Tabitha, orphan of Abel Gower. 
Tabitha possibly died without issue, as in March 1711, Richard Dennis 
and Mary his wife petitioned as heirs at law of Abel Cower. 
Cowers were probably of an old Worcestershire fanily of tlie name in 
which Abel frequently appears as a Christian name. 

(4) Jacob Bobart was keeper of the botanical gardens at Oxford 
1680, &c., and Sherardian professor of botany from 1684 until his death in 
1719. William Byrd seems to have had some knowledge of botany, 
and his interest in trees and plants was no doubt heightened by his 
friendship with his not distant neighbor, John Banister, the naturalist, 
who is stated In the postscript to have just married a young widow. 
Evidently Byrd had been at Oxford during his visit to England. 


Y .'ifi'jti 



wwoO : ofiT 'in oT 



considering what a Noble psent it brought mee, but I hope yo"' 
goodnesse will Excuse mee considering w' a Hurry a man thats 
so great a Stranger as I am in England must bee in, when he is 
just parting w*'' all his ffriends, & bound to this other world, 
all y*^ trees & Shrubs came in Extraordinary well by yo'' great 
care in packing of them. I doe not doubt their growth; & 
now should bee happy did I know w<^*' way Sufficiently to 
acknowledge your Extraordinary kindnesse, I wish I might 
any way bee Serviceable to you here whatever lyes in my 
power you may freely Command 
S^ Yo-- ObHdged 

I gave yo"^ Token to m"' Banister who is marryed to a Young 
Widow I did Expect him at my house last weeke, but hear since 
hee was not very well. I suppose hee hath or will w^ite to you 
him selfe, my humble Service to all our fE'''^^ at Oxon. To m"" 
]a. Bobert. 

, To Rand. 

Virga Aprill y« 16*^ 1688 
Dear Bro: 

After I parted from you at Deale on Thursday wee had fme 
calm weather y' Night & friday, but then y-' wind comeing 
Easterly wee parted w"^ y-' lands End by Monday Noon, & 
twenty Eight days after wee made this Continent, but were 
kindred 2 or 3 day's by a Norwest Winde before wee gott in. 
However wee had a pleasant 8c short passage as I should ever 
desire; haveing y" happinesse of enjoying yo'' good compan}' 
so long, & so Easy a voyage afterwards was a blessing I could 
liardly Expect; Neither doe I kow how sufficiently to acknowl- 
edge yo'" abundant kindnesse dureing my abode w"' aou w'^'' 
did not leave mee then, but I enjoy 'd it at Sea in the Oranges 
you sent, & still have some of Jack V/ard's Ale, to drink yo"" 
health though it hath not kept so well as I Expected, it beeing 
now Something hard, I must beg you to accept my Most hearty 
thankes for all your kindnesse, allso to give my scr\'ice to all 
our ffriends & acquaintance, assuring you I shall allway's 

Dear Bro: 
To Bro: Rand Yo' oblidged 

— oT 

haybiUJa 'oY 


To Capt. Dudley St. Leger (5). 

Virga Aprill y<^ 16*'^ 168S 
Honest Dudly 

Tlie Extraordinary kindnesse & civilities I reed from you, 
dureing my aboad at Deale, would tax mee for Ingratitude if 
I did not at least retume you & my Coz" my most hearty thank 
for all yo'' favo''% w'^'' I reed so plentifilly whilst I rem.ain'd w'** 
you, & truly did our Country afford any thing I thought might 
bee acceptable to you, I would Endavo"' y* v^-ay to acknowledge 
yo"" ffavours; but since wee have nothing but vStinlcing Tobacco 
S: 3'et not worth a ffarthing, I hope you will accept my thankes; 
I will not bee unmindfull to gett my Coz" Ned Some Snake- 
root, & what Else I can finde fitt for his use against Next Year 
I hope you will Excuse me now, being not yett settled at Home, 
I had a short & pleasant passage & thank God I found my wife 
;5o family in good health. Pray give my Service to good m"" 
Aram, Honest Jack Tennant 8: all our ffrds & accept the Sam.e 
lo yo"" selfe Coz** Winny, Coz" Ned c''a from 

Yo^ Oblidged 
If you see Honest Phill Shales pray give him my hearty service 
my wife gives you all her best respects & service. 
To Cap* Dudly S* Leger 

To Daniel Horsmanden (G). 

Virga Aprill y« 16*'' 168S 
Dear Bro: 

Next after y^ Happinesse of injoying 3'o'■^ my sister Rands, 
,yth ye j.g5|- Qf Q^j. friends good Company at Deale all I could 

(5) Sir Warham vSt. Leger, of Ulcomb, Kent, had, in addition to a 
daughter Ursula, who married Rev. Daniel Horsmanden, and was 
grandmother of Mrs. Byrd, a son Dudley St. Leger. Capt. Dudley St. 
Leger was probably a descendant of his, and a near kinsman of Mrs. 

(0) Tliis was a brother of Mrs. Byrd's, who was M. A. (Oxford) 
1679, rector of Purleigh, Essex, 1G80, and of Little Warley 1684. "Little 
Wary," was Warham Byrd, who died in childhood. It might be sup- 
posed that the English children with whom Byrd was comparing his 
own were those of Daniel Horsmanden, but the latter did not marry 
until May 29, 1090, when he married Mrs. Susanna Bowyer, of Wool- 
wich, Kent, widow. Sec this Magazine XV, 314, &c. Sir Charles Tyrrell 
or Terrell was probably the baronet of that name, of Springfield-Barney, 
Essex, who married Martha, daughter and heiress of Charles Mildmay, 
Esq., of ^\ oodham-Mortimer Hall, Essex, and died in 1714, age 54. 


,iu. > ,'^uiliV* "AU. > -JU-xi "O^ *^J 

3 o'i^ 


desire was a good passage home, w'=^ I thank God I had a 
pleasanter & shorter then I could Expect, whereto I doubt not 
your good wishes did contribute, & I must confesse I fmde 
myselfe bound to you by so m.any obligacons, y* I can never be 
able sufficiently to acknowledge, & therefore must beg yo' ac- 
ceptance of my Devoir; I am sure you ha\'e my dayly prayers 
for yo' prosperity; I thank God my Wife & Children I found 
in good Health, & my family indifferent, Little Warry thrives 
amain, S: is allmost able to match his Coz" Nordage in all his 
good qualities, & ]\Iolly would outdoe little Suliee. Pray gi\-e 
my most Hum.ble service to S'' Charles Tirrell & his Lady, and 
if I niight any way oblidge either of them, by any thing this 
Country affords, lett mee know what may be most acceptable, 
<5j I \\ ill indeavor to send itt ; you may blame me for not doeing 
itt now, but I hope you will consider I am Scarcely settled att 
Hom.e; Pray give my Humble Sennce to prety little m''^ 
M. J. & if you talie her into Essex remember yo'' promise: I 
V. i<h both Her & you all Happiness your hearts can desire; Her 
Beauty & innocence promise more sattisfaccon & quiet to you, 
then the Widows more talkati^'e Humor could afford, my service 
to good m" Knowles & all y* family. When you goe to Can- 
terbury pray give my service to y'' D"" & his Lady, w*^** worthy 
Coll Lee if you see him, remember mee to Honest Phill Shales, 
cv' least I tire you pray give my reepects & service to all \\ here 
due, & accept of my most unfeigned Love & Ser\dce, w"' most 
hearty thanlres for all yo"' favours I remain Dear S"" 
Yo'' most Oblidged Bro 
Tomy Bro: Danll 

To \\''arham Horsmanden. 

Virga Aprill y^ 16*^> IGSS 
Worthy S^ 

This is chiefly to acquaint you of miy Safe arriveall heither 
after a short & pleasant passage, haveing had y-' happinesse of 
injoying my Bro; & Sister Rands w*^ my Bro. Danlls good 
con-:];iany in the Downes till Xmas was Over, on y'' 19"' of 
Jan'i' in y^ e\-cning I went on board, on y^ 23 ■'^ wee left the 

■yrsrn ava 



Lands End, Sc in 28 dayes wee Saw our owne American shore, 
l)Ut was in all 33 days before wee got in to our Anchor, I thanke 
God wee had pleasant weather, I thought (though it was 
winter) yet wee had none but Halcyon days, Wee were about 
100 souls on board, & no body sicke all y*-' voyage. I found my 
wife & children, w"' the family (I thanl<: God) Indifferently well, 
though it hath been a Sickly time here, ever since Xmas, but now 
I'lessed bee God all are pretty healthy. I waited on our Gov- 
ern" at my first an-iveall who reed me w''' a great deal of re- 
sj.ect, I find no dispute ab' my place here only m"" Aud: Bacon 
claimes y perquisites this year it being now allmost expired, 
wee are to have our Assembly to 19''' instant, Sc Coll Ludwell 
is chosen a Burgesse. I believe hee had been more prudent to 
have waved it; M^^ Lady (7) is very well; My blessing to the 
girls, whom I have writ to m'" Perry to put to Hackny if you 
think convenient at Whitsuntide. 

My best respects & Service to all where due, & please to 
accept of my duty w"' hearty thanks for all yo"" favours to 
Worthy S^ 

Yo"' obedient Son 
To my ffatlier Honsmanden 

To Perry and Lake. 

Virga June y« IG''' 1688 

When I was in England I acquainted you that here was (as 
I had been informed) good Christall (8), & I was told if any 
Rocks thereof might bee found, it would bee valuable: Since 
my comeing in I have indeavored for some to have Sent hv 
James River Ships, but was twice disappointed by the fearful- 
ness of y" Indians, & they are now returned the 3"* time, w"' not 
much better Success, the Rocke they have found but its much 

(7) "My Lady" was Lady Frances Berkeley, widow of Sir William, 
and now wife of Phillip Ludwell. She was one of the Kentisli Culjiepers, 
and seems to have been related to Mrs. Byrd. "The girls" were Byrd's 
two daughters then in England, who were to be put to school at Hackney. 
This is the last of the friendly letters of acknowledgment for hospitality 
received in England. They show how pleasant a trip "home" could 
be lo the c^jlonist f,ith friends and relativ^es there. 

ym oT 



!»-(]'•!•■ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^y tools they had & none but massy Rocks there, 
so they brought mee onely ab* 101, in Small pieces, Such as they 
could force from the top of y^ Rocke; within its much harder & 
Ciearer. I ha\e sent you a little box of itt, & desire you would 
inquire, What y« value thereof may bee & whither itt may bee 
vorth while to undertake itt or not; I am confident it must bee 
of value, but whither sufficient (considering its above forty 
miles beyond the Xtian inhabitants & what charge must bee 
for cutting of itt) or not I know not but earnestly desire you 
fully to infonp.e yourselfe in this affair, & please to retume mee 
an Answer by the first convenience, for I have thoughts of 
takeing up the Land forthwith. I have inclosed a letter to 
m^ Charles Howard, w"^'" I desire you would Send him, as allso 
Some of the Stone that I may have his opinion herein, the 
whitish Stone is the top of the Rocke as you may perceive by 
the injuries of the fire & weather, & y*^ clearer underneath I 
shall write farther to you by this oppertunity from my L^^^ 
where I thinke to bee y« 20"' instant (God willing.) My 
numble SerA-ice to all friends, & please to accept y*^ Sam.e yo"" 
tehes, w"' hearty thankes for all your favours I take leave 
■ -■. •'■ Yo^f^'&Servt 

W. B. 
Pray send mee by the first convenience 1 p' of Gudgeons for a 
grist Mill, & if you find the Christall worth while I would desire 
you to Send mee Some steel pecks & Wedges or what other 
tools you shall find most convenient for y*' getting of itt. 
To m". Perry & Lane ^ Burrell 

To Hon. Charles Howard. 

Virginia June yM6''' 1668 
Hon^ S' 

I have made bold to trouble you twice allready Since my 
arriveall, & hope yo' goodness will please to excuse; I sent you 
by my first Some Small pieces of Christall : Since w'='' a greater 
quantity is come to my hands, but I suppose of no value being 
in Small pieces, & the top or outside of the Rocke, I imployed 



I he Indians to gett mee Some large pieces but it proves too hard 
tor their tools, the rocks being very large & within the outer 
cioist very clear & hard: Now I humbly beg the favo"' of you 
to lett mee know whither itt may bee of any considerable value, 
& if it is, w^'' may bee the best way to worke them, the Rocks 
are about 40 miles from any English inhabitants & but a trouble- 
some way to them; I most humbly beg pardon for this trouble 
Assuring you if I can here any way Serve you I shall bee ready 
to the uttennost of my power, & ever remain 

Hon^ S^ 

Yo"" most Oblidged & Humbly 

devoted Serv' 
'" W. B. 

To y^ Honbl« Cha: Howard, Esq^ 

To John Ford 

Virga June y« Ifi"' 1688 

This is onely to inclose the Second bill of Ladeing for 31 H'^* 
of Tobo W'' I consigned to you by the friends Agreement 
Thomas Lcache Com: I wish they may find a good market & 
if you can give mee any incouragement that way I shall give 
you a farther trouble in the interim, I hope you will excuse 
this By ni\- last I desired you to Send mee what my Tobacco 
would fetch in Serges or what other Commodity your Country 
afforded fittest for our trade, & consigne them to mee in the 
upper parts of James River, I shall not trouble you farther 
but with kind respects take leave, hopeing to hear from you as 
oppertunity will pmitt I remain 

Yo" to serve you 

W. B. 
To mr. Jno. fiford m''ch* 
in Biddiford 

■■ '.A 
. aril oi 

41 'x oT 


aoJ eBrrt(»fIT 


,s> , To A. & Allen. 
S^ ■ Virga July y« SO*'^ 1688 

I have been lately very Sicke w*'' a violent feaver & am yett 
very weake, but I blesse God have lost my faevo"" 4 or 5 dayes 
Since & am able to walke aboiit; Since my last to you Giles 
Webb (9) hath bought a tract of Land ab' 700 acres of m"^ Jno 
Pleasants, there is three plantations Seated on itt hee hath allso 
22 head of Cattlell & ab* 60 or 70 Hogs, for \\'^ hee paves 
100£ '^''g for w*-"'' I have pass'd my note, as allso for 50 £ more 
to Colo. James Powell for two Negroes. I have allso p'^ £21 
more for a Negro Girle ab^ 15 year old; Inclosed is one of the 
receipts Signed & Sealed according to m'' Tho Webbs desire so 
that I hope they will forthwith pay 30U the money for my Acco*^ 
for I get not one farthing by itt ; You '1 find y * I have allready 
pd £31 more than y^ £200, my reason was that m' Thomias 
Webb told m^ee Giles should have £100 more (w^'^ was his due) 
paid him when he settled Himiselfe, & hath writt the same to 
Giles Webb himjselfe; Now Giles being wooeing one of Colo. 
S^vans Daughters, & they inquisitive what Giles may be worth 
I have promised Giles the other £100, for w'' hee hath prom- 
ised mee his bills of Ex'a w'''' you miay intimate to his brother; 
I shall gett nothing by all this onely paying mony out one way 
and receiving it another therefore I hope m'' Tho: Webb ^^ill 
not miake any Scruple of payment of y other 100£ when Giles 
dra\AS on him, itt being purely for his advancement, I believe 
I must draw Som.e bills on you for Some of these things Shortly; 
Wee have a great crop of Tobacco on the ground just now ready 
ior y^ house. God Sertd Seasonable weather, itt may bee good 
if so I will venture on a considerable quantity, if its naught I 
thinke not to buy one Hogh'^ 

m'" Paggen hath now ratled the planters by a late letter had 
they taken that course 3 year agoe it might have been 2 or 3000£ 
in their way & some Ilundreds in mine. I have not reed a 
letter from you since my arriveall, but'Suppose all well hearing 
nothing to y^ contrary from m'^ Perry or others Pray gWe my 
humble Service to all our friends wishing you all health & hap- 
piriess I rem.ain 

S^ Y' frd & Serv^ 
To m' A & Allen 


To T. & Allen. 

Virga July 30«'> 1G88 

Yo'^ of jTeb''y & March last via Barbados & Maryland came 
Safe to hand & I am [^lad to hear of all your wellfare, though 
must w"' others bee extreamely concerned at the dreadfull Acco' 
wee daily receive of our Tobacco, when it Vv'ill mend God knows, 
here is a Mighty Crop this year If God sends good weather 
to house itt, there will bee a great deale of good Tobacco, if so 
I will (God willing) venture to ship good Store; if it proves 
naught I will ship Httle: I suppose wee m.ay dispatch the Salt 
Ship betimes, Sc Wynne too, if please God hee arrives Safe; I 
hope you have not given over Bulke Tobacco My L*^ Effing- 
ham in liis letter to y*-' Coimcell laid a good foundation for you 
to prosecute: M}^ L^ Baltemore doth not Act fairly I fear in 
that buisinesse, hee haveing given no direction in his province 
about itt in may Last: I have lately been very ill w**' a feavor, 
l.;ut am now I thank God much better, 8z hope on a fair way of 
recovery I omitted one thing in my Last, that you would goe 
to m"" E lath waits at the Plantation Ofhce at Whitehall, & in- 
quire for m'' Jno Povey (to whom & m"" Blathwait both I ha\-e 
wrote Se\ erall times this year) who will informe you whither 
m'' Ayleway hath made any Stir about his Patent (10) or not, 
or whither hee bee in Towne if hee is whither hee will Sell his 
Patent, &- whither m"' Blathwait (to whom I wrote to give 100 
Guineas for itt) hath offer'd him anything or not; If m'' Blath- 
wait hath made any bargain I desire you would please to pay 
the mony or if m' Ayleway bee in Towne I desire you would 
discourse him yourselves: I have promised m'' Povey a yearly 
gratuity so I suppose hee will bee free with you, & by him you 
may understand whats necessary in my buisinesse on that Side, 
you may acquaint m"" Povey when our James River ships come 
by whom I shall most readily receive Letters. I have Some 
Skins & tlurres by mee but no hopes of Sending them till next 
sliipping; I hope they will rise for New York trade is quite 
Spoiled by the fTrench warring with their Indians, I hope 
Audeleys ships Ladeing proved better then you expected; all 
concerned here are well Satisfy'd hee is gone for Holland & wish 




Bradley had gone with her. Wynne wee hope will hr'iw/, scmt 
news what becomes of both their Loadings. 

My best respects & Service to all friends I take leave Gen* 
Yo"' most Humble Serv^ 

WB ■ 
Please to Send mee these things underwritten 
One do of Shoes for my wife of y" Same Size Last year 
1 ])'' slippers for my Selfe 

3 or 4 do of Boy's & Girles shoes from 3 year Old to G or 7 
1 ilo of shoe bmshes 

1 do Brushes for Clothes 

2 Voyders for table Linnen ;. 't-. 
2 Horse Collers & traces 

2 do of files for my Steel mill Saws Ben Bradley charges mice 
a do last year but not one could ever bee found 

W B 
To IMess^^ T & Allen 

(To be Continued.) 


a 7/ 

rvjlii ,,...^oT 

) ocl (;T) 

VIRGINIA IN 1680-1681 265 

VIRGINIA IN 1680-1681. 

(Abstracts Ijy W. N. Sainsbury, and copies in the McDonald 

and Dejamette Papers, Virginia State Library.) 


Letter from the Privy Council to the Lord Culpeper. 

After our very hearty Commendations unto Your Lordships 
we have received two Letters from Your Lordslii]j to M"" 
Coventry dated the 2"*^ May and the 8"" July last, together 
with divers Laws which have l^een lately Enacted in Virginia 
and we are well pleased to find Your Lordship has been so suc- 
cessful in passing the Three Laws (1) transmitted by His IVla''^ 
under the Great Seal of England, and upon consideration 
thereof, we have only disai)proved of the last proviso in the 
Act for raising a public Re\'enue; whereby the Virginia Owners 
are freed from paying the Duty's imposed by the Act which We 
esteem ver\' iiTCgular and imfit to be allowed of, not only in as 
much as it derogates from the Act transmitted by His Ma''^' 
wliich ought to have passed, in teiTninis, but because it is very 
unequal that greater Encouragement should be given to Shii^s 
belonging to Inhabitants of Virginia than to ships that are 
belonging to other of His Ma*'*^^ subjects, there being no such 
difference put upon the Shi])s of Virginia OAvners here in Eng- 
land and which in time may frustrate the End of this Act in 

(1) These acts were: An act of tree and general! pardon, indemnitie 
and oblivion: an act for naturalization, and an act for raising a publique 
revenue for the better support of the government of this his majesties 
colony. (Henlng II, [158—169.) These bills had been sent over with 
Lord Culpeper, with instructions that they be passed by the Va. As- 
sembly. It is believed they are the only ones ever so sent to Virginia. 
The first two acts passed unanimously; Imt the revenue act the Bur- 
gesses rejected in its original form, and added two provisos, with 
which the act was adopted by the General Assembly. As is shown 
in the text tlie English go\ernment agreed to the first proviso; but 
rejected the last. From 1091 onward, however, there were many acts 
exempting Virginia owned shi[)s from duties. 






case they should possess themselves of so many Ships as to 
(.:port the whole i)roduet of Vir^Hnia or a considerable part 
t!ure(;f. And therefore upon a Rei)ort made by Us in Council 
liis Ala^y has thought fit to express his disallowance of that 
Proviso and hath commanded us to transmit the signification 
of his pleasure therein to you as we do by the enclosed Order in 
Council to the End that Your Lordship or the Comm.ander in 
Chief of Virginia for the time being do forthwith make pul>lica- 
tion thereof, and take care that no such exemption or i)ri\ilcge 
be admitted or allowed by the Collector's and Officers ap- 
!)ointed to receive the Duties imposed by the Act transmitted 
' ly His Ma^y wherewith His Ma'^ expects a punctual com- 

• pliance without any resen^ation or exemption whatsoever. 

' We are daily expecting Your Lordshi]3s Letters by the 

• iSiephen and Edward together with a narrative of all your 
transactions and State of the Country which we find so ntces- 
sar}- to be transmitted to Us from time to time for Our Ijetter 

^ information that His jNIa'^ has thought fit to Order. That 

i' Each Governor jointly and in one body with their res]3ective 

Council do keep a Journal of all important occun-ences to be 

• transmitted quarterly with their observations and o}>inions 
how each Colony may be improved from time to timxC as \'our 

' • Lordship will have more fully understood by a particular Letter 

from Us (a duplicate whereof is here inclosed) in pursuance of 

J His A'lat''^^ express Commands in this behalf. And whereas 

each Council hath a Secretary appointed by His Ala^'^'' Let- 
ters Patents through whose Office the Public Orders and Pai^ers 
of importance do pass which are necessary to be regis'^ered 
there and are fit to come under our knowledge It is further 
Ordered by His Ma'^ that each of them do communicate the 
same unto Us. And that the Clerk of every Assemibly do in 
like manner transmit unto Us a Journal of their proceedings. 
X^'otes, & Bills according to the directions given them by esjje- 
cial Letters from Us. And it is withal His JNIa*'''^ pleasure 
that notwithstanding these Informations which we are to re- 
ceive from other hands each Governor do remain under their 
former obligation of con-espondency and do not hold themselves 
excused from transmitting unto Us bv all conve\-ances the 

VIRGINIA IN 1680-1681 267 

same Information and PuVjHc matter as if these particular 
Orders had not been given. 

And whereas we have represented unto His Ma*^ the incon- 
venience which the Government of the Plantations hath suf- 
fered in the matter of Piiblic Offices which ha^'e been sometimes 
unduly obtained and possessed by persons not fitly qvialified to 
exercise the same His Ala^y has therefore empowered us to 
make a full inspection into all places of trust which are under 
His Ma''*'** im^mediate Governm.ent in America, to the End we 
nmy thereupon distinguish which of them ought to be left to 
the disposal of the Governor from such as may be more proper 
for His Ma*y to grant by His especial Order. We do there- 
fore desire Your Lordship to send us with all speed a particular 
account (2) of all public Offices and places of trust within Your 
Govemn}ent by whom the same are possessed, by what Autlior- 
ity, for what term and Estate and how necessary and expedient 
it may be tliat the same be disposed of by His iMa*^ or His 
Government together with cojnes of all Establishments and 
grants of such Offices as Your Lordship is likewise directed b}' 
Your Commission. And we are further to signify unto Your 
Lordshi]3 his Ala''<^^ Commands that no Office or place within 
Your Governm^ent be disposed of, for the consideration of gain, 
but that the same be given to persons fitly quallified. 

Lastly, We have Received His Ma^'*-'*' Command to signify 
His pleasure that as it is our especial Duty incumbent on Your 
Lordshi]3 to take care of the Church, so Y'' Lordship do forth- 
with (if the same be not already done) give Order that ever^^ 
Minister ^^'ithin Your Government be one of the Vestry in his 
respective Parish and that no Vestry be held without him, 
except in case of sickness, or that after notice of a Vestry sum- 
moned he absent himself. And so not doubting of Your Lord- 
ship's performance hereof We bid you very heartily Farewell 
from the Council Chamber in Whitehall this 14'*^ day of Octo- 
ber 1680. Your Lordships very loving friends. 

(2) This list of public officers in Virginia was published in this Mag- 
azine I, 225-252, though through a blunder in the make-up, it is mixed 
with another for 1G99. Pages 225, and nearly all of 22G, 242-244, and 
from "Isle of Wight County," p. 246 to the end , relate to 1680. The 
report for 1699 begins at the bottom of p. 226 and continues to and in- 
cludes p. 241, begins again, with "Board of Trade" on p. 244 and ends 
at "Isle of Wight County," p. 216. 


268 virginia historical magazine .^k? 

Whitehall, Oct. 14, 1680 
Order of the King in Council Confirming an Act for 
Raising a Public Revenue for the better support of his 
Maj'. Colony of Virginia passed by the Assembly of said Colony 
but disallowing a proviso in said Act whereby the Virginia 
Owners are freed from paying the duties imposed by the Act. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 80, pp. 392-394.) 

Vv''hitehall, Nov. 3, IGSO. 

Order of the King in Council. That no Governor or 
Commander in Chief of his IVIaj. Plantations presii^ne hence- 
for\\-ard upon any pretence whatsoever to com^e into England 
from the places of their respective Government without first 
ha\'ing obtained leave for so doing fromi his Maj. in Council. 
His Maj. hereby declaring that his \-crbal lea\-e or other per- 
mission whatsoever except such leave in Council shall not be 
esteemed a sufficient \^arrant for the samic. And all Go\'ernors 
i5c Cum.manders in Chief are to confonn themselves hereimto 
U] L.n pain of his Maj. highest displeasure. 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 97. pp. 82-3.) 

N. B. This Order in Council is referred to in the Virginia 
Pajjers — notably in the case of Gov. Lord Cul|;ei:er who was 
dc};.rived of his Govern' of Virginia for ha\ing come to Eng- 
land in direct violation of said Order. W. N. S. 

Whitehall, Nov. 16, 1680. 

The King to the Governor of Virginia — To direct the 
Na\ al Officer within his Government to make due entries and 
keejj particular accounts of all Imports and Export, and*of the 
shipping, burthens, guns, & from whence they come and 
whither bound; said accounts to be transmitted to Lords of 
Trade quarterly. Power to appoint fit Officers for the same. 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 80. pp. 403-3.) -Another Copy in 
Colonial Papers. 

Nov. 20, 1680. 
^Major General Smith (3) to the Twenty Colonels in 

(o) Robert Smith, of "Brandon," County, was a member 
of Council 1063, was Major General of Viru'inia militia IGGG, an^l died 
ir».7. See this Maj'azine, I. 4:5J. 


viRGixNiA IN 1680-1681 .AXi'v'rt 269 

\'iRGixiA — His Majesty having by Commission ai:)pointed him 
Lfajor General of all his Alaj. forces in Virginia it is his duty 
yearly to ijifonn his Alaj. of the true strength of the Country. 
Requests them to observe these under written orders. An- 
nexed Copy of the orders to the several Colonels: to list all 
Housekeepers & freemen able to bear anr.s Sz dispose them into 
companies of foot and troops of horse — the foot companies to 
consist of GO soldiers besides Officers, and the Troopers of 40 
Troopers besides Officers, which at convenient times are to be 
called together and instructed & exercised in tlie use of their 
arms — with Mem.— That the whole number of Foot of the 
settled j\Iilitia or Trainbands is 7268 — and the number of 
Horse 1300. "Scarce one half of these are anned especially 
the horse — The ammunition very little." — 1 p. 
(Colonial Papers.) 

Whitehall, Dec. 13, 1680. 

Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations. — In 
reference to se\'eral papers lately received from Virginia con- 
taining the Laws lately passed there and the proceedings of the 
Assembly— also two letters of 9 July and 20 Aug. last from the 
Secretary of Virginia; request of the Assembly for a cessation 
from planting tobacco in 1081 and information of a Mutiny 
like to haijijen in one of the foot companies sent over by his 
Maj. to be submitted to his Maj. in Council and whether their 
Lordships shall defer the consideration of the other papers until 
Lord Culpeper's arrival who is said to be landed in Ireland. 

(Col. Eniry Bk. No. lOG. pp. 237-8.) 

Whitehall, Dec. 15, 1680. 

Order of the King in Council — referring to the Lords of 
the Treasury two letters from the Secretary of Virginia to the 
Earl of Sunderland dated 9 July and 20 August last touching 
a cessation from planting tobacco for the year 1081, for their 
report thereon. 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 80. p. 399.) 


1 lo «otrict;i:io:> 

i .io J; 




Copy of an Act of Free and General Pardon, Indemnity 
AND Oblivion. — "This Act was past in Virginia in IGSO upon 
occasion of Bacon's Rebellion." 

(Colonial Papers 9 pp.) "^"^ ^'' 

Petition of the General Asse.mbly of Virginia to the 
King. — They have embraced with hearty thanks his Maj. Act 
of General Pardon and Obli\-ion and passed the second Act of 
Naturalization — as also for raising a public re\cnue for the 
better support of the Govern' with some necessary provisoes all 
of ^^ hich they pray m.ay be confirmed : and also that the place 
of Auditor .may be first supplied by the recommendation of the 
Governor to his JVlajesty — Are grateful that the Grant of same 
sun-eptitiously obtained b\' Robert Ayleway was Ijy Lord Cul- 
peper's application rejected by the King. 

(Colonial Papers. 2 pp.) , -. ^^ ., 

Custom House, London, Jan. 10, lGSO-81. 

Report of the Com:\hssioners of Customs to Lords of 
Trade and Plantations on the Order of Council touching a 
Cessation from planting Tobacco in Virginia in the year IGSL 
That in fonner years when there have been like reports of great 
cro]js of tobacco they have found sufficient vent for the same. 
Most parts of Christendom are furnished from hence with to- 
bacco of the growth of \^irginia — if there be a cessation it may 
occasion the increase of planting tobacco in the Spanish French 
S: Dutch Plantations whereby the m.arkets from Europe may 
be supplied & so the trade from Virginia be irrecoverabl}' lost — 
that his Maj. revenue from a m.edium of 3 years of tobacco from 
Virginia amounts to about £100.000 per ann: & if there be a 
cessation the greatest part of the same may be lost, besides the 
loss of the navigation of this kingdom there being so great a 
numiber of shipping employed in this trade. 

(Colonial Papers 2 pp..) 

VIRGINIA IN 1580-1681 271 

Virginia, May 13, 1081. 

Nicholas Spencer, Secretary of Virginia to Secretary 
SiR Leoi.inx: Jenkins.— Affairs peaceable and the Indians 
qiULt, tliC gamsons at the heads of the rivers keeping a con- 
sianl awe upon them — Their greatest enemy to be feared is 
their Povert}' thro' the small or no value of their tobacco, 
unless the King give his assent to a cessation — a check to all 
othicr manufactories — tlieir greatest hope in flax, in vvh.ich they 
are still very unskilful. 

(Colonial Papers. 2 pp) 

Virginia, June IS & July 25, 1G81. 

Extracts of Two Letters from Virginia received from 
Lord Culpeper the 12th Oct 1681 and read in Council the same 
day. In reference to the fears of the inhabitants of the extrcTiie 
l^arts of the Country caused by the late injuries done by the 
Senecas in jjassing and re-passing from the North^vard to the 
Southv^ard — tlieir houses being robbed and their hogs and 
cattle maliciously and wantonly killed — and the depredations 
of the several tribes of Indians in those parts. 3 pp. indorsed 
as above. 

(Colonial Papers.) 

Virginia, Jlne 29, 16S1. 

Nathaniel Bacon, John Page, and Otho Thorp to Geo. 
Richards. — That if their ship the Planters Adventure cannot 
be sold for £500 sterling he present to Lord Culi)eper their 
petition to continue to them their privilege as Virginia owners 
so long as she may be fit to go to sea. 

(Colonial Papers.) 

Whitehall, June 30, 1681. 
The King to the Lord Culpeper Governor of Virginia — 
That it is a matter of the greatest importance and highly neces- 
sary for the good of his Maj. subjects that all rents revenues and 
jjrofiLs belonging to the King should be more closely inspected 


bfi;; ::'Kn\ 





t' and brought into a more certain method and direct way of 

»■■ account; the King has therefore constituted Wm. Blathwayt 

■' Esq. Our ,Sur\'eyor and Auditor General of all our Revenues in 

America. The Governor of Virginia is strictly commanded to 
add it as a principal instruction to those he has already re- 
ceived that he gi\-e the said Wm. Blathwayt and those employed 
by him all such assistance as may tend to the more easy execu- 
tion of his duty; and tliat the Gov. issue out his warrants from 
tiir.e to time for payment of the salary assigned to said 
Blathwayt out of the public monies raised or to be raised within 
"cair said island." 3 pp. 
'"'! (Colonial Entrv Bk. No. DO.) 


Whitehall, Jlly 5, 1G81. 

]MiNUTES OF A Committee of Trade and Plantations. — 
?c\eral laws ]jassed in Virginia by Lord Culpeper read, viz. 
An Act for continuation of fortifications — Their Lordships ob- 
serve that the stile of the laws, viz. By the Kings most excel- 
lent Majesty by and with the consent of the General Assembly 
is not agreeable to Lord Culpeper's first Commission dated 8 
July 1675 but to be altered for the future to Governor Council 
tc Assembly. An Act for cohabitation & encouragement of 
a: trade and manufacture read & refen-ed to Commiss'"^ of Cus- 

1. toms for their report. Orders of Assembly of 8 July 1680 read 

1 ^^ herein the Assembly declare & appoint the power of sheriffs 

upon the water & direct the setling of a parish, their Lordp* 
think these proceedings not proper for the Assembly' who have 
orily power to make Laws with the consent of the Governor & 
Council, and have not power to dispose of any money raised 
by the late Act of Revenue of 8 June 1680 — though they have 
disposed of divers sums out of the revenue of 2* per hogshead. 
2 pp. 

(Colonial Entry Bk. No. 106. pp. 268-270). 

Council Chamber, July 12, 1681. 
[W. Blathwayt] to M''. Guy. — The Lords Committee for 
Trade and Plantations desire that the inclosed Act of Virginia 
[for cohabitation and encouragement of Trade and Manufac- 


ture] be bent to the Commissioners of the Customs for their 
report \\]('n same & particularly upon the two Clauses concern- 
ing the tirnj wherein said Act is to take place for the landing of 
goods and for the shipping of tobacco and that some of them 
attend the Committee with said Report on the 20th Inst. 
(Colonial Entry Bk. No. SO. p. 40;>.) 

Tkeasury Chamber, Wiiitkhall, July 12, 1G81. 

Henry Guy to the Commissioners of the Customs — In- 
closes, by order of the Lords of the Treasury, an Act of Vir- 
ginia for their report to the Lords Committee for Trade and 
Plantations and particularly upon the two clauses concerning 
the time wherein said Act is to take place for the landing of 
geods and for the shipping of tobacco, with which som.e of thier 
nuniber are to attend the Com.rnittee on the 20th inst. 

(^Colr^nii.l Pai^ers.) 

July 21, 1081. 

Petition of William Fisher, Merchant, to the King 
A^ D I'Rivv Council — Setting forth his having shipped in ]ulv 
\-]7r, a;j;o of merchandize value £12000 sterlg on board the 
iloeiiix, Leonard Hayes, Master, through v/hose wicked de- 
^:igns con:bined with one John Bellamy and Peter Delling the 
tliip was cast av.ay in Cherry Stone Creek in Virginia for tlie 
j.'urpose of enibezzling th.e goods which fell into their hands 
and into the hands of Col. Stringer, Col. Kendal, Col. Waters, 
I\Iajor Spencer, Capt. Foxcraft, Col. Thos. Ballard & several 
others. That altho' Sir Wm. Berkeley recovered about £4000 
of said goods, when petitioner's Agent arrived in Virginia said 
goods were so dispersed & gotten into such powerful hands that 
with four years law & continued solicitations he has not been 
able to obtain one penny satisfaction. Prays that Lord Cul- 
peper may be directed to examine into the matter and report 
his opinion thereon to his Alaj. for jjetitioners' relief. 2 pp. 

( Colon i id Papers.) 


\A .:m:i- 

1 O lA 



Virginia, July 22, 1G81. 

"Extract of Letters from Virginia." — In reference to 
the Senecas and what is to be apprehended from them. All 
articles of peace made with those Indians are openly violated 
so that our neighbor Indians v\ill not treat with those Northern 
Indians— Maryland no less infested with them than this Gov- 

,, ernment — their depredations about a fortnight since joined by 

son:e Susquehannas — Proposal to the Govern'' of Maryland 
by an escaped Indian that the Senecas would 
deliver up all the Susquehannas for a small satisfaction — Ap- 
prehensions of trouble in Maryland from several protestant 
gentlemen under bail — the elections there — A troop of horse in preserving the frontier inhabitants against the In- 
dians refused to m.arch, their Captain being a papist. Doubtful 
whether the murders in Maryland were committed by Indians 
beirig in a part thick seated— all the murdered peoples throats 
cut and their bodies stabbed, a way of killing never known from 

y, Indians. Indorsed, "Received from Col. Ludwell and read in 

I Council 12 July (sic Oct. ?) 1681. 1 p. 

(Colonial Papers.) 

•" (To be Continued.) 


3d oT) 



[In 191o a great mass of papers, which had been inaccessible 
to the pubHc, was removed to the State Library. There are 
between 000,000 and 700,000 pieces, inckiding 10,000 records 
in book form. The vast majority of these papers are not of 
earlier date than about the beginning of the Re^'olution, though 
some of earlier date are also to be found. Mr. Earl G. Swem, 
who has done so much valuable vrork in the Library, made a 
report on them in 1914, and has sorted them into packages. 
An-angement and cataloguing are i)rogressing, but much time 
will be needed to complete the work. The following papers are 
taken from two or three packages.] 

William Aylett (l) to William Lee. 

Williamsburg, Va., Dec. 11, 1777. 
William Lee, Esq., 
Dear Sir. ' > - 

Since I wrote you by this opportunity I have laid your letter 
before the Governor and Council, who have appointed you 
Agent for this State in France, his Excellenc}' has wrote to you 
on the occasion to which refer. 

The Brigg Greyhound is addressed to Mess" J. GruU & Com- 
pany, for reasons mentioned in my last tho subject to your 
contract, there will some other vessels shortly follow her. 

I have desir'd JVless" J. Gruil & Company to pay you a 

sum of mone}' to purchase a Great Seal for the use of this State, 

but one has been since procur'd therefore tlie necessity for 

troubling you ceases. I remain with great respect and esteem 

Your mo Ob Servt William Aylett. 

N. B. — I shall this day resign my office of Agent to Mr. Thos 

Smith who will write you by this opportunity. 

(File "Aud. no.") 

(1) William Aylett, was son of Philip and Martha (Dandridge) Aylett, 
of "Fairfield," King William County. He was appoiuted Deputy Com- 
niissary General of Stores for Virginia April 27, 1776, and Deputy Com- 
missary General of Purchases June 18, 1777. Heitman says he served 
to July 24, 1782, but a i,'enealogical account of the family which has been 
pul)lislied -,t;ites that lie dwd m service at Yorktov.n 17S1. 


Tic: Tfi^G 



aorti fMa; 


sr's, Patrick Henry(2) to William Lee. 

Virginia, December IS*"*, 1777. 

The several metHods we have hitherto taken for supi)lying 
the army and navy of this State with necessaries have proved 
ineffectual for that purpose, so we are at present without a 
pnjbability of being niore effectually supplied in future. I 
have therefore in behalf of this State with the advice of the 
Council adopted the follov/ing plan to be pursued in future. 
Vie propose to send all the vessels we are able to fit out proper 
for the European Trade to Nantz loaded v^'ith Tobacco where 
we shall direct both vessels and cargoes to be sold, & the pro- 
duce after purchasing and fitting out one swift sailing anr.ed 
vessel to be laid out in the necessaries we want to be shiped in 
French vessels and as French property to Cape Francoise Sz 
there reshiped in swift sailing pilot Boats which we shall jjro- 
vidc to some of the safest ports to the Southward of our Caj^es 
l;ut as from the scarcity of vessels and seamen here it v/ill be 
imjiracticable by this m.ethod to export commodities sufficient 
to jAirchase all v.e may want we propose to endeavor to pro- 
cuie a credit with somic merchants in France for what may be 
further necessary to be shiped in the same i^lace for which we 
pro]:)ose to pay by shiping Tobo on our own account in any 
French vessels they may charter for that purpose. We propose 
to have such charter'd vessels Loaded with salt at Nantes on 
our account also, and expect to pay a generous freight, both 
for the salt delivered here, & for conveying the Tobo to Nantz 
and to have them, both ensured if it can be done at a reasonable 

We further propose to export what produce we can in our 

small vessels to Cape Francois, and to direct our Agent there 

(•_') Patrick Henry was then Governor. With the important excep- 
tion that lives were lost only in actual combat the English na\ al vessels 
and privateers made the carrying of supplies across the Atlantic almost 
as difficult as the U-boats do now. Another difference was that the 
enemy had an immense merchant fleet at sea, at which the .'\mericans 
and French could strike effectively. Other letters and papers on the 
subject of the importation of supplies during the Revolution have been 
printed in this Magazine XV, 15(), 157, 288, 289, 291, 292; XVI, 163-170; 
XVIII, (53-70; XIX, 365-309. 

ann >L Miuoaif OVSi 


to charter such vessels as he can to bring Salt here & convey 
Tobacco from hence either to Cape Francoise, or to Nantes as 
he can agree which will be added to our remittances after pur- 
chasing the few necessaries we may want in the West Indies 
but as tis necessary for rendering this m.ethod effectual that we 
should have a proper agent at Nantz to act for us I being lately 
inform.ed of your residence there I have with the advice of the 
Council thought proper to apj^oint you Agent for this State to 
superintend and direct all our affairs in France, and on our 
behalf to enter into any contract or agreement necessary for 
effecting our purposes, not doubting but your zeal for the cause 
of Freedom, and regard for this your native Country, will be 
sufficient inducements for you to exert those abilities you are 
so well known to possess and all your endeavors for our service. 
I make no doubt but you may readily procure any assistance 
in the ]:)Ov/cr of Mess^"* Franklin & Deans and hojje you will 
avail yourself of it as far as it is necessary, I should hope the 
trade of this State thus confined to certain Ports would be an 
object wortliy the attention of the French Ministry who might 
easih^ afford it some extraordinary protection; our mercantile 
transactions at Nantz have hitherto been confined to the house 
of Mess" J. Gruil & Co. who I wish still to have the preference 
in that way provided we can certainly be supply'd by them in 
the ternis we propose, or in as good as any other offer to them 
We shall continue to address our vessels until we hear from you, 
and shall gi\'e them notice of your appointment as our Agent 
& the teiTTis on which we expect to Ije supplied in future, and 
direct them to apph' to you for instructions on whatever tliey 
ma} be at a loss & to follow such directions as y</a n^ay think 
necessary to gi\-e them respecting any of our affairs. I must 
beg the fa\(jr of you to make the necessary engagements for 
supplying us with them, or any other person you think ])roper 
as soon as possible, and give me the earliest notice of it & 
attend to their execution. 

I am Sir your PIble Ser\'ant P. Henry. 

I^. S. Since writing the within it has been reported to the 
Council tliat the Brigg Greyhound is a ver>' swift saihng vessel 


Upon which they have determined that she had better return 
here with a load of salt, than be sold. It also appears that 
Mess" J. Gruil & Co. have agreed with Mr. John King (who 
had power from this State to make the contract) to furnish 
them with a quantity of goods to be shiped on their account, 
and that another House have agreed to send a vessel loaded 
with vSalt for the use of this State, which shows that contracts 
of the nature we wished, may be made at Nantz, these contracts 
Ave hope to comply punctually with and that it wall always be 
in your power to make such others as are necessary fur us. 
Mess" J. Gruil & Co. have without any directions frcni us, 
fitted out the Brigg Liberty as an armed vessel & altho she may 
be improper for it, yet it malces it unnecessary for us to have 
cinother, you will therefore be pleased to disregard our request 
for having one fitted out. P. Henr\'. 

(File "Aud. 116.") 

accoi'nt from archibald ritchie (s). 
Dr. William Avlett &: John Hawkins Esq. for the State 
OF Virginia. 

October 12'*' To 1000 Bushells Salt at 2x16 £125-0-0 

INiarch 12''^ To a Warehouse for ditto from October 
12*'' 1775 to this time where the Salt yet re- 
mains at 40s p month 58-0-0 

177G C^ ~T8.V0-0 

March lO'*' By cash ac W. Aylett 

Esq^ £120-0-0 

Ballance due A. Ritchie 63-0-0 


En-ors Excepted 
(File "Aud. 116.") Archibald Ritchie. (3) 

(,3) Archibald Ritchie, a Scotch merchant of Tappahannock. He 
Stems to have gotten into trouble with one of the associations in 1706, 
and was charged with disloyalty during the Revolution, but this was 
denied by his noted son Thomas Ritchie, editor of the Richmond Enqtdrer. 
Archibald Ritchie was long one of the principal merchants of \'irginia. 
He married in 1753, Mary daughter of Wm. Roane, of Essex Co., and 
died in 1784. Another one of his sons was Captain John Ritchie, U.S.A., 
v>ho was killed at the battle of Lundy's Lrau. 


. »\S: 



7 v£ fife- 


PAPERS. , , ., ; , , _ ,^. 279 

Raleigh Colston (4) to Benjamin Day. , , ,. 

Cape Francois, Sep^ 27"' 1781 
Eenjainin Day, Esq: 

I wrote you from Curacoa advising you that 
your bill of Exchange on Mess" Brassier & Co. had been issued. 

(4) The iirat of the Colston family was William Colston, said to 
have been a native of Bristol, who came to Virginia in the latter part 
of the 17th century and settled in that part of the old county of Rap- 
pahannock County, now Richmond County. He was clerk of Rappa- 
liannock 1G85-1692, and of Richmond 1G92-1701, and was a member of 
House of Burgesses 1692 and 1G99. Among the records of Rappahannock 
is the following entry: "At a Court held for Rappahannock County 
August 7, 16S9, upon the humble petition of William Colston who mar- 
ried and for and on the behalf of Kirs. Ann Beale, relict of Mr. Thomas 
Beale, deceased, &c." She was a daughter of Major William Gooch 
of the Council. The v/ill of William Colston, was dated Oct. 27, 1701, 
and proved Dec. 1701. His legatees were, his daughter Susanna £150, 
son William all his silver plate, son Charles 640 acres of lami and son 
William all rest of estate. Mr. Rawleigh Travers and son-in-law (step- 
scm) Mr. Thomas Beale, executors. The inventory of William Colston 
was recorded in 1701. It included, "In the closet by ye chimney in 
yc Hall one hundred books of all sorts," and among other items "money 
& rings, 29 shillings in old dipt money; in Spanish, English and Gold 
£.}7,16.9, twelve plain gold rings, 3 single stone rings, one picture of 
Mother oi Pearle, 1 Load Stone, plate, m the dwelling house," &c. 

Issue: 2. William; 3. Charles; 4. Susanna, born Dec. 8, 16S6. 
2. William- Colston, was bom , and died 1722. He mar- 
ried Mary . His will, dated May 10, 1721, and proved in 

Richmond Co., Jan. 3, 1721-2. He made beriuests to each of his daughters 
(not naming them) and to his Vv'ife Mary. There is a deed dated, R.ich- 
mond Co., April 21, 1757 from John Smith, gent, of Richmond county 
and Mary his wife, to his son John Smith, of Northumberland Co., 
conveying 1000 acres in Northumberland, granted to John Robinson 
July 24, 1665, and which, b}' several conveyances vested in William Col- 
ston, father of the said Mary Smith. An act passed 1702 (Hening VU, 
636), gave the names of Wm. Colston's two children. 

Issue: 5. Mary married John Smith, of Richmond County; 6. 
Frances niarried Joseph Morton, of James City County. 

3. C.A,PT\iN Charles- Colston, of Richmond County, born March 9, 
1691, died Oct. 1724. He married in May 1713, Rebecca, widow of John 
Ta\'ener, of Richmond Co., and daughter of Capt. Samuel Travers. 
Her uncle Raleigh Travers in his will, dated Nov. 24, 1700, left "Exeter 
Lodge," Northumberland County, after the death of his wife to his 
"Cousin" (niece) Rebecca Travers, and this estate remained for several 
generations in the Colston family. Chas. Colston, died intestate, 
but his inventory was recorded in Richmond Co., Nov. 25, 1724. His 
personal estate was valued at £'^99.17.9^4. It included books valued at 
£37.1.10;4, a silver hilted sword, a writing desk, silver spoons, &c. 
Rebecca Colston in her will dated 1720 and proved 1727 leaves her 
land in Northumberland called The Lodge to her son Charles, with 
reversion to son Travers. 


Son aime after my arri^■al here I prevailed on them to pav the 
money & accordmgly wrote you on tl^e subject in May last— 
Havm- received no answer, I determined to remit vou the 
amo;,nt by the first favorable opportunitv-\A'ith respect to 
i rodnce it is not on!)- E>xcssive hi-h Init freight cannot l)e 
obtained for it, for less than y^ & K> in Good bottoms-I there- 
fore concluded to vest the mone}- in such articles as were most 
Is^ac: 7 Trayers^; 8. Chal•]es^ die^l'jan.'25r]727-' 9 Susanna- m" 
Ehzahcih, died Jan. 12, 1727; 11. Winifred, died Jan 20 1727 ' 

born firiflTU Hf/''";-? "^'^'''' ^ °<^^"-^'" Northumberland Co., 
•berhnd 1739' -^ ,d ;. h -■ ?^t '''"' ^!'P°'"^^''i ^ justice of Xonhun,: 
Derland 1/dJ, anci was shenn ot that county 1745. He married l<t \liee 
Corbm, oauc^hter of Col Thomas GriMm'of Richmond Co md'nd 
Susan)ia widow ot Col. Rodliam K.enn.r, and dauLditer of John Ouk 
His ^.,•dl was dated March 4, 17I9 and proved Kov 12, 1751 He e t 
IS son Vilham al the p ate that had the coat of arms on ^U- • )e4cv 
T • u;'^n R^4ef r'^ P'f " ^^'^^T= ^" ^°" ^awleigh, to son SanSl 
I h-i ?v ,n,f^ i- a p antat,on at the head of h^amham Creek, "v.hieh 
o. n n ^ V ?^ 'r^''' ^"i- ""^^"^ -^^^ ^r^\\^;,^-n was heir to the ostal • 

Darnel Hornby, deceased; to son Charles; Lindsoy son of Mr I iru tv 
(Jpie lo be educated and suitably maintanie<l durmTfour years to 
Dani-f H.'n.h'"'' now^ dwelling plantation," with the^Forit' C^'l-t.: 
had m-.Ii?. / A"' "r"",^^"'' "^ '.'Hornby Manor," Richmond Co., v.h 

ad married Winifred, sisler ot Mrs. Rebecca (Travers) Colston but 

1 ad no chddren m^ade h,s will, dated Oct. 13, 1740, and proved A , 
,-' ^^'^^■'^ h^^ ^l^-^lt' ^'^t£^*^e real and personal (besides cer'am 
bequests) to Travers Colston, Jr.. wuh reveil.on ^Jcc s^'e^ to V 

•Se 7^"^-^ R "'r^"' r^ ^V,i"-- Beale, Jr. Est^t'Jcl'b'inde; 

?rin,manvf^?Tw"','^, ^^^^resses earnest desire that Wm. Nash be 
P^ L , ' V-^ employed to carry on his merchandizing. To Mr. Tra%ers 

.ar.jley, Jr.. iJO. Robert rumlin, Jr., £20. Winifred Eeale IT.n 
-A i^atm master to be en^doyed for Travers C, Iston Jr who sh d i 
)e obliged to teach ten scholars for £20 a vear (nan es Voire of the 
boys who are to be taught). Charles ColsCon a ring. Ca^ W, 

Villi-r .^'fienf " ^"^ ^rn"" \}'- '^'^^''''^^^ ^^°'^^^" ^is wfaring J " 
Wilha.n Beale, son of Capt. William Beale. £500 .laicii. 

1 fi"'^^ ri- ''^''-''"^ Colston: (1st marria-e): 12. Charles^- r^ pii-/ 

riale)^"\"n''- VTc""'^' "^"^^ ^^•°^^- ^O' l'-^^' d,>d ;oung; (^rd mar-" 

1-^^ Ch\ ^/. Jr = ^^' Rf^^'l^-i!?h^ !'■ Pamuel,^ born Nov 21, 174!) 

1 Chaklls^ Colstox born May 31, 173G, died . fPr-^bablv 

the records of Northumberland could give the date). There is o,i record 
in Nortnuraberland Feb. 9. 1759. the marriage contiJt of Ch'r 1 
S^ rvr^o'^^^c^'^!!^^- "^5^-«-\J-ntleroy. deceased. A UnJ 

w .J \- <r I -y'"^' ■=''""= '-"'iL uic} naa men hecn married. There 
Grah^;," InTlS^^^^ ^""""l'^ ''^^'^ ^^^^^^ ^P-' 1^- ^^^5, from V.-illian 
which "v-vt-^S ^'\ .^^■^f'^-.,f!"^-^'>i"g land called Exeter Lodge. 

Chir^ -.nVi Cols on, by his wdl Aiarch 4, 1749-50, gave to hi. Ton 
d. : ,h, ' '^ ^^" ■'^'■'''^r'' ^^ ^'^'-^ ^°" Charles descended to his (Charles' 

of ^^hu^;;.el^i:l;:;^c5:r i9:v^hL:^.^^- i^ Sr ^^-'-"' 

PAPERS. -• .i, ■., ...',..:■;-;,!:. 281 

uscfull to the publick, as cloth for the soldiers and linen either 
fc^r tent cloth or lij^^ht sales — The cloth has been laid in at 50 
I)ci (ni tlie first cost in France, having seen the original In- 
voices — Inclosed you have bill of lading Invoice & Acct. Cur- 
rerit — You will find tliat those gen'" would pay no more than 
what they made the ba^ in the Acct cur. furnished you — There 
having been no vessels here from your State since my return I 

15. WiLMAM'* Colston, of "Hornby Manor," Richmond Co.; born 
Oct.. 10, 1744, died 1781. He married Nov. 10, 1775, Lucy, daughter of 
Col. Landon Carter, of "Sabine Hall," Richmond Co. His will was 
dated Oct. 5, 1780, and proved in Richmond Co., Jan. 1781, naming son 
William Travers and daughters Susanna and Lucy. 

Issue: 20. William Travers^; married Sept. 10, 1802, Elizabeth B., 
daughter of Henry Armistead — no information as to issue, if any. He 
was a Justice of Richmond Co., 1791), S:c.; 21. Susanna. 22. Elizabeth. 

16. R.A.VLKiGH or R.XLKK.H'' CoLSTOX was born at "Exeter Lodge," 
May 11, 1747, and died at "Honcywood," July 2(), 182;$. When quite 
young he entered into business in V\ illian.slnirg as a li.erehant, and later 
studied law. During the Re\-olution he was appointed a commercial 
agent for the State of Virginia at Cape Francois, San Domingo. Here 
he rendered good service to his country and engaging in private busi- 
ness made a considerable fortune for himself. He relurned to Virginia 
in 1784, and settled first in Frederic!: County; but m 1801 removed 
to "Iloneywood," Berkeley Co. He married (let. 15, 17K5, Elizabeth, 
sister of Chief Justice John Marshall. She was liorn m 1756, and died 
in 1842. 

Issue: 23. Edward^; 24. JMary Isham, born June 23, 1789, died Dec. 

11, IS 14, married Oct. 5, 1809, J. Hanson Thomas, of Maryland. 

25. Susanna, born Nov. 27, 1792, married Benj. Watkins Leigh, 

eminent lawyer and U. S. Senator from Vir^nnia; 26. 

Marshall; 27. Raleigh''"'; 28. Lucv Ann, born Sept. 15, 1798, 

died unmarried; 29. John Marshall\ born July 15, 1802, died at 

sea 1S25, while on his return from a trip to Europe. 

23. FiDWAKD^ Colston, of "Honcywood," Berkeley Co., born Dec. 

23, 17i:;, di'- 1 Voril 23, 1S51. He was a member of the Va. House of iJele- 

gatcs ISKi, 1S21, 1323, 1825, IS.'o, 1S27, 1S34, and probably other years, 

arvl M. C. 1S17-19. In the War of 1812 he served as a lieutenant at 

Norfolk and elsewhere. He married 1st on May 1, 1S14, Jane Marshall 

(who dieil without issue), and secondly May 2, 1825, Sarah Jane, 

daughter of Judge William Brockenborough. 

Is^sue: 30. Elizabeth M., born Oct. 24, 1827, married in May 1849, 
Robert A. Willians. of Richmond, Va., afterwards Major C. S. A.; 
31. J.ane; 32. Mary W., born Feb. 1832, married Oct. 24, 1854, 
Lieut. William Leigh, U. S. N.; 33. Raleigh Tho-nas", born 
Feb. IS, 1S3L Lieut. Col. C. S. A. (2nd Va. Infantry), died Dec. 23, 
1S33, iron a wound received at Mine Run; 51. William Brocken- 
borou','h"; 55. Anne; 5G. Lucy, born March 9, 1842, married 
June 19, 1866, Col. Betmett Taylor, of Albemarle Co.; 57. Ed- 
ward'*, of Cincinnati, born April 22, 1844, married (1st) Oct. 19, 
1875, Sally Co'es, daughter of Hon. J. W. Stevenson, (U. S. Sena- 
tor and Governor of Kentuclv-y), and (2nd) Mary White Steven- 
son, sister of his first wife, and had issue (by 1st marriage), a. 
fuditi; Braxton; b. Mrs. Sally Coles Stevenson [Mitchell]. 


am an Entire stranger to your internal affairs — I addressed a 
letter to Gouvemour Jefferson in April last making a tender of 
a quantity of coarse woolens & Linnens I have on consignment 
fit for the use of the ariTi}'' — I have not been favoured with an 
answer but have lately heard that that gen'mn is no longer in the 
Government — If the State is in want it is in my Power to fur- 
nish it pretty extensively, of which I shall thank you to advise 
the proper departmicnt — Either Flower (Super fine) or Tobacco 
would make a good remittance — or if French navy bills were 
sent out I would receive them for the woolens, as tliey v.ould 
answer the purpose of mj^ correspondent in that branch. I 
have on hand about 1000 joes, worth of that article, consisting 
of cloth fit for clothing & making blankets also a large quantit\' 
of Linnens fit for the tents and light sales — which I should siu.j- 
pose would be much in demand — As I liave no doubt from tlie 
account we have received, that your Ijay is again open I tlatier 
myself I shall again have the pleasure of hearing from m)' 

26. Thom.\s M.\rshallS Colston, bom Nov. 11, 179-1, died April 30, 
1840, married May 2.5, 1820, Elizaljeth J., dr.ughter of George and Anne 
(Ambler) Fisher. 

Issue: 5S. Raleigh'^; 59. Anne Fisher, b. Jan. 3, 1827, died Sept. 
23, 1SS3, married Mareh 12, 1859, Prut". John B. Minor, of the 
University of \'irginia; GO. Susan L., born Feb. 1835, married 
Jan. 1856, Charles M. Blackford, of Lynchburg, V'a., afterwards 
Major C. S. A. 

27. Dk. R.\leigii T.'^ Colston, born Oct. 23, 1796, died Sept. 21, 
1881, married 1st, about 1820, in Paris, !\iarie Theresa, Duehess of 
Valmey (no issue); 2d. Marie IJ'eGrand. By the second marriage 

there were two daughters, >Jarie Julie, married , Rogers, and 


54. William Bkocicenbrough'^, of Martin.sburg, W. Va., born April 
22, 1S36, Captain C. S. A., married Mariail, daughter of Dr. R. Sumrucrs, 
of rjartinsburg. 

Issue: 01. Sara E.; 62. Jane B., 63. EHza M.; 64. Sophie H. 

58. R.\LF,i Gil t^ Colston, of Richmond, Va., born March 13, 182], 

died— , married May 25, 1845, Gertrude, daughter of Humijhrey 

B. Powell, of Loudoun Co. 

issue: 65. Eliza Fisher, married Prof. B. L. Gilderslee\'e; 66. 
Annie B., married Robert Camm; 67. Jane, married Conway 

R. Howard; 68. Thomas M.'^; 69. Laura H., married • 

Beniannn Day to wliom the letter was written was Adjutant 2nd 
Va. Regiment 1777, but at this time seems to have been a commercial 
ag(.nt. He v/as later Grand Master of Masons in Virginia. 


PAPERS, p 1 r.:-,..\.'.fN>. 283 

friends — If I can render them any service during my continu- 
ance here I shall do it with great pleasure. 

I have the Hon. to be 
Sir, your Mo. Ob. Sv» 

Rawleigh CoHson 
Octo. 5'-'' Cap" Young being 
at a loss in v/hat manner 
lie sould recover his freight . : ■ : .; 

in case he went to Phila which 

it is probable he may be forced to do — or even in case of his 
arrival in Baltimore — I have paid him here and directed my 
correspondents in Baltimore & Philadelphia to receive the 
Bal^ No. 3 on my acct — which after adding to it 10 pet. for tlie 
freight Sz 5 pet. com. will bring things nearly to a balance — If 
the goods should be landed in Virginia I beg you to sell that 
bal*= on my acct for Bills or hard money & remit me the sanic 
without loss of time. 

I am yours Etc 

R. C. 
(File "Aud. 11(3.") 

Raleigh Colston to Patrick Hentry 

Winchester July 15"' 178() 

I had the honor of receiving your Excellencys letter b\- Air. 
Wright and forwarded the inclosures to Mr. Parsons a few da\s 
after — You were pleased to refer me to Mr. Wright for the 
decision of the Council in respect to my claim on the State 
which a|jpears to be involved in some mystery that I cannot 
comprehend — He says the Council v»'as of opinion the sum was 
so very large that it was presumable that if the demand had 
been just it could have been called for long before — I have 
transacted business for the State whilst agent to very consider- 
able extent & I trust with as much attention to its interest as any 
person in its service and so far from having my accounts dis- 
puted was rewarded over and above my commissions on a final 


faif buA" oif'l) 



settlement made in 1779 when I resigned my appointment — 
Being about to depart for the West Indies again in the begin- 
ning of 1780 Mr. Day delivered me a bill of exchange drawn 
on a house at the Cape for the nett proceeds of a prize captm'ed 
by Ca])" Stratton — which bill I remitted from Curacoa for 
payment and had it returned under ])rotest, under the false 
pretext of their having made themselves liable to the prize 
nia^ter alone — Many months after, happening to go to the 
Cape I demanded a sight of their books, detected the falsehood 
of L]:eir assertion, &- threatened to com])lain to the Gouvem- 
mcnt if the mone}^ was not paid— as soon as it was received 
and an opportunity offered I vested it in such goods as I con- 
ceived were wanting for the use of the State & remitted them 
to Mr. Day — for further particrJars I refer your Excellency 
to tlie Invoice & account cur. inclosed on v.'hich you will find 

there is a bal. due me of 1180 lbs. 8s. 6d Some short time 

afttr my return in '84 I was informed by a member of the house 
that there was a claim of mine enumerated in the list of debts 
from the commercial agents books which he expected would be 
])ro\ ided for — -indeed I aftenvard conceived it was placed on 
the footing of foreign debts, to be discharged by the sales of the 
Gosport land. When the money was received — indeed in the 
dejireciated state of publick securities — I scarcely thought it 
an object worth attention — Mr. Wright informs me that the 
bal. on the agents books appears to be very considerable — 
how this can happen I know not — all m}' accounts with the 
public were closed in '79, and this is the only transaction I 
have had with it since in which I could not suppose there could 
be any disagreem.ent as the accounts must have been growing 
on my acct. cur. transmitted Mr. Day — copy of which is sent 
for the satisfaction of the Council who I hope will make pro- 
vision for the pa3'ment with interest. 

I have the Hon. to be 
Your Excellencys Mo. Ob'' 

Rawleigh Colston. 
(File "Aud. llC") 


-^<' ^ PAPERS. ^,.^^r^ AVACAiW^^ 285 

David Jameson (5) to Juyndal & Co. 

Wmsburg Virga Nov. 29, 1777 

I have rec'^ your favour of the 25^'' of August by the Sloop 
Congress, and am sorry to find the memo I sent you for some 
Family goods to be ship'd on my acco' had not got to your 
hands. I lodged three copies at Mr. Aylets office one of which 
I was told went by the Brig Liberty but it seems it did not — • 
One I know was delivered to Cap. Cooke of the Speedwell 
who did not get out — her \^oyage has been since altered. I still 
depend on your sending the goods as soon as you recei\'e an 
Invoice and in the manner they were directed to be ship'd. 
If there is no war between France and England goods ship'd 
by you to Cape Francois in French Bottoms and as French 
Property will be safe and will be insured at a low premivtir. — 
When tl'.e goods arrive at Cape Francois and are delivered to 
our Agent there Rawleigh Colston Esq'' he will send them in our 
fast sailing Boats into the waters of North Carolina at very 
little risk and they will be safely conveyed inland to Virginia. 

) I am gent ,j 

Your m.o. hb Ser\^' 

(File "Aud. IIG.") David Jameson. 

(5) Davi J Jameson, a prominent merchant of Yorktown was member 
of the Council of State 1777, Lieutenant Governor 17S1, and member 
of the State Senate 17S3, 6:c. Ke died in York County 1793. He married 
Mildred, drai|^hter of Edmund Smath, of York, and her tomb remains 
at Temple Parn\ near Yorktown, with arms (Janieson) az. a saltier con- 
lonrd with 4 ships under sail, ar., impaled with (Smith) as. a chevron be- 
tiodn three acorns Icaiud and slipped, ar., and this epita])h: 

"Underneath this Marble lies the Body of 

Mildred Jaipcson, 

wife of David Jameson, 

and Daufjhter of 

Edrnund and Agnes Smith. 

She departed this life 
the 11th Day December, 1778 
In the Forty-Sixth Year of her Age." 





(/." u!i'Ti 



Distribution of the General Assembly's Bounty to the 

Officers Who Were on the Expedition to 

St. Augustine. 

By order of the Governor & Council. 
Allowance to the Drowned Men viz — .— 

Cai.t. Spicer ..._ £10 — ,, — 

John Turner, Joseph Johnson, Franc Lisard & Simon 

Cooper, £5 each 20 — ,, — 

Ofi'iCers viz- — 

Thomas Williams, Master. 15 " — " — 

Abraham. Dewitt, M^^ _ _ 15 " — "— 

?.ion<!;o Rodham, miate... _ 10 " — " — 

—£70 " — "— 

Oflicers and Men on board y^ Ranger 

. Midshipmen — '"* 

Jolin Johnson, Extra Allowance 1 " 10 " 

Ord'ny Allowance.. .._._ 2 " 11 " 8 4 " 1 " 8 

John Glegg, the same.... 4 " 1 " 8 

Peter !\Iinchell the same 4 " 1 " 8 

Charles Whitford the same .4 " 1 " 8 

Josei^h Foster the same 4 " 1 " 8 

Boatswain's Alate 

John Chip Extra Allowance — " 10 " — 

Grd'ny Allowance 2 " 11 " 8 3 " 1 " 8 

Commion Sailors viz 
Humfrey Hasham, Harry Lavoe, Jno. Knight, Wm. 
Leopard, Jno. Young, Wm. Strong, Tho'. Pearson, 
Alex. Bohannon, James Kenvier, Stephen Bailey, 
Jasper Pascho, Wm. Norris, Patrick Bohannon, 
George Clark, Thos. Sherman, Jno. Arrington, Peter 
Pitchwell, Andw. Bcntlev, Israel Tomkins, Wm. 

(.7) In May 1740 ihc Va. Assembly passed two Acts appropriating 
money to pay the expenses of a \'irginia force in the war then being waged 
with Spain '(Plening V, 92-9(), 121-123). The payments recorcJed here 
were doubtless under these acts. This is evidently only an imperfect 
list, as no oflicers or soldiers of the land forces are named. Four hun- 
dreil men formed the Virginia cjuota, and Governor Gooch, who had 
been in the army, commanded all the Colonial forces. It was the im- 
suceessful Carthagena expedition. 


.19 J 

8 " 

8 " . .- 

8 " f •' t sft 

8 " l' ** *■ 3fn£f. 

8 " 1 " ^ ■■ 

— *• «,' 

8 •• I '• i: 


" 18 


" 8 ' 

, g 

M g . 


u g < 

' 9 

W g . 

' 9 

PAPERS. ij'.. -. 287 

Screen, Thos. Bolton, Thos. Wilson, Thos. Eglinby— 
23 n^en ai }:2 lis 8d each amounts to..... 59 


Orticers :-c Men on board the Ship & vSloop— 

Alex. Campbell, Extra Allowance £1 " 10 — 

Ord'ny allowance 1 " 18 — 9 £3 

JoliH Lewis the same.._ 3 


John Walker, Extra Allowance — " 10 "— 

Ord'ny Allowance .....1 " 18 " 9 2 

Thos. Povey, the same 2 

Cornron Sailors: 
Daniel Weblx^r, Wm. Beck, George Spa^'in, Jno. 
Worley, Robt. Francis, Wm. Shanl-:s, Wm. Adams, 
Jno. Turner, Roljt. Harrod, LaW^^ Ryen, Jno. 
Ennse}'. Robt. Gurney, Thos. Kent, Thos. Cook, 
Thos. Ross, Wm. Brown, Jacob Fallard, Owen 
Sci[)io— ISmenat £1 " IS " 9 each ..amounts to 34 " 17 " 6 

4() " 12~" 6 

Tlic accon:] it on the other Side.. 152 " 18 " 4 

To be paid to the Messenger who bro' up the List 9 " 2 


The abo\e acco* paid as follows 
B)- a vv'arrant on the Treasurer for the n:en drown 'd 

to be lodged in Mr. William PeiTy's hands £30 " — "— 

Included in same Vv'arr' 
By a warrant to Cap' Martin for Capt. Daniell & 

Capt. Lewis's allowance 18 " 8 " 9 

By a warr' to Cap' Jno. Martin for his 5 men viz 

Israel Tomkins, Wm. Screen, Thos. Bolton, Thos. 

Wilson, Thos. Eglinby. 12 " 18 " 4 

By a wan-' to Cap' Tho'^ Whowood for paying liis 

Officers &; 36 commion Sailors according to the 

above distribution 138 " 12 " U 

£200''^^"'"' — 
Proportioned according to the direction of the Governor and 
Council. Wm. Robertson, Ck. Con- 

Package mostly before 1770";. 



288 virginia historical magazine 

Contract to Carry Troops from Virginia to South 
Carolina (8). 

Articles of Agreement concluded and made the twentj'-first 
day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred 
and fifteen Between tlie Pion'ble Alexander Spotswood His 
Majestys Lieutenant Govenior & Commander in Chief of the 
Colony & Dominion of Virginia of the one part, and William 
Dandridge, of the County of Elizabeth City Gent' of the other 

Whereas the above named William Dandridge hath by one 
certain writing bearing even date with these presents covenanted 
and agreed to cause to be transported from the Port of Ham-pton 
in Virginia to Charles Town in South Carolina in the Sloop 
William — whereof he is owner, the number of thirty men being 
part of the forces raised in Virginia for the assistance of the 
Province of South Carolina. It is hereby covenanted and 
agreed by and betvveen the partys to these presents that the 
said William Dandridge shal forthwith put on board the said 
Sloop such a quantity of good wholesome provisions of beeff or 
Pork, and also of Biskett, and Pease as shal be sufficient for 

the subsistence of the said Thirty' men during the said 

voyage from Virginia to Carolina, That is to say from the time 
of their Embarkation to the time of their being landed and p'Ut 
on sliore at Charlestown — 

In consideration whereof the said J^.lexander Spotswood dotli 
covenant promise and agree to and with the s'd Vvllliani Danti- 
ridge that he the said Alexander Spotswood shal well and truly 
pay or cause to be paid unto the said William Dandridge or 
his assigns Out of his Matys Revenues of Virginia so much cur- 
rent money as the several Invoices of provisions furnished by 
the s'd William Dandridge and expended for the subsistence 
of the said men during the afores^ voyage shal cost according 
to ye rates thereof current in the country And for the better 

(8) In 1715 South Carolina being in great danger from the Indians 
applied to Virginia for aid and men and arms were sent. William Dan- 
dridge, then apparently a merchant and ship-owner at Hampton, was 
afterwards a captain in the English navy and a member of the Council. 
Perfectly preserved seals bearing the Spotswood and Dandridge arms 
are attached to the signatures. 


i;jriiju Tiilj is.' J^i i :i i'-' v .>»li»vj .^ i?«lJ it' 

ni-i Lf..G bahni io ^f^'f:; :>.i 

ascertaining,^ the quantity of provisions expended during the 
s'd voya^^e It is hereby mutually a^'reed that an account shal 
be taken and signed by the AP of the s'd Sloop Sc the com- 
manding officer of the s'* men of the quantity of provisions 
]Hit on Ixiard, and of the quantity thereof remaining at the 
determination of the voyage And that if any part of the pro- 
\'isions so remaining shal be sold by the s** Wiliam Dandridge 
at a less ])rice than ye same cost in Virginia, the s'* Alexander 
vSi)otswood for and in behalf of the Government of Virginia 
doth promise and agree to make good such loss to yes^' W'm. 
Dandridge or his assigns In witness whereof the parties to 
these presents their hands and seals have sett the day and year 
first above written. 

.,; A. Spotswood (Seal) 

Wm. Dandridge (Seal) 
Signed Sealed & Delivered 

In presence of Jno. Holloway 

Francis Kennedy 

("Package mostly before 1776"). 

■> ■ 



~fr: .A 

. .AS 




1792. George Peay and Ann his wife to John Lukherd of 
King and Queen. Deed. (311-312.) 

1793. Same to Wm. Powell. Deed. (315-316.) 

1793. Benoni Lipscomb to Wm. Alvey. Deed. (317-318.) 
1805. Mary Lipscomb to granddaughter Elizabeth Fisher 
deed of gift. Witnesses: Daniel Powers, Jas. W. Lipscomb' 
Wm. B. Lipscomb, Thos. A. Lipscomb. (319.) 
^ 1805. Thos. Batchelder & Catherine his wife, to Catherine 
Spiller, land adjoining estate of Wm. Spiller. Deed. (319.) 

1805. Mary Lipscomb to grandson Jas. Fisher. Deed of 
gift. (320.) 

1805. Nathaniel Reynolds to Wm. Cottorel. Deed. (320.) 
1803. Hannah T. Dabney, relict of Wm. Dabney Jr., "lie- 
ceased, to Richard Dabney. Deed. (321-322.) 

1805. Robert Temple and Eliza his ^^'lfe to Henry Timber- ' 
lake. Deed. (322-324.) 

1805. Richard Byrd and Sarah his wife to Robt. Pollard- 
Deed. Land adjoining Robert A. Byrd, John Hickman, de- 
ceased. Rev. James Elliott, and John Newman. 

1805. David L. Smith to Nathaniel Fox and Richard Bayn. 
ham. Bond. W^itnesses: J. M. Houchins et als. (325-326.) 
1805. Nathaniel Fox and Mary his wife to Wm Dansie 
Deed. (326.) 

1805. Francis Neale and Mary his wife, to Madison Lips- 
comb. Deed. (327.) 

1805. Bartlett Lipscomb & Polly his wife to Madison Lips- 
comb. Deed. Witnesses: John C. Courtney, Reuben Mad- 
ison & Daniel Lipscomb. (328.) 

1805. Leonard Gatewood & Clary his wife and George T. 
Fox, to John Lipscomb. Whereas John Gatewood, late of 



hi i>a^ii lUiiiri i 

( ! 

•!>b ,mv I. 

■ .J) 
a. aI SOKf 



Kentucky, devised &c, among 12 children, and died in the 
County of Jefferson, Kentucky, and whereas Leonard Gatewood 
has purchased 9 of the shares, and George T. Fox has pur- 
chased the share devised to Sally, wife of Reuben Burnett, &c, 
"Witnesses: Temple Elliott, and John Fox, and Walker Hawes, 
gentlemen,' Justices of King William. (329-330.) 

1805. Wm. Dandridge & wife to Mary Southerland. Deed. 

1804. Thos. Dew & Sarah his wife to Wm. Newman. Deed. 
(3 31-332.) 

1804. Fendall Southerland Trimyer & Grace his wife, to 
John Edmonds of Amelia. Deed. Land devised by John 
Trimmer, his father, deceased. Elizabeth Pollard, who was 
widow of John Trimmer, signs release of dower. (331.) 

1804. Owen Dabney and Richard Dabney to Diana Dab- 
ney. Deed. Land called Dubhn, adjoining estate of Joseph 
Hiilyard and Mary Hillyard. (333-334.) 

1803. George Fox and Ann Banlvs Fox his wife to John 
King Jr. Deed. Witnesses: John Willeroy, Wm. Dudley, 
Chas. Neale, Jas. B. Lipscomb, Robert F. Degge. (335, 330.) 

1801. Wm. Nelson, of King Wm, to Richard Broaddus, of 
Caroline. Mention of Burwell Starke as guardian to Caroline 
Lt-wis. 520 acres in King Wm. (337, 338.) 

1804. Proof of gift from Capt. Thos. Nelson, deceased, to 
liis son, Thos. Gary Nelson. Witnesses: Wm. Nelson, John 
Anderson. (338.) 

1804. Thos. P. Ellett, and Sally T. his wife, of Hanover Co., 
to Ambrose Edwards. Deed. Land devised Sally by her 
father, Wm. Neale, deceased. (339, 330.) 

1795. John Wan-en, of King Wm, to Robt. Warren, acting 
administrator of James Warren, deceased, of New Kent. Bond. 
Witnesses: Edward Wan-en, Henry R. Christian, John 
Christian. (341, 342.) 

4 1803. Bernard Lipscomb & Mary his wife, to Tunstall 
Quarles of Kentucky. Land in Kentucky in district set apart 
for officers & soldiers of the Va. Militia [sic]. (341.) 
j. 1803. Francis W. Quarles & Lucy D. his wife, to John Pen- 
dleton. Deed. (342.) 


1703. John Warren to John Christian. i\lort<iage. Wit- 
nesses: Robert Warren, Henry Finch Jr. (207, 208.) 

1703. Samnel Squires Rice, Phihp R. Rice, Wm. Rice and 
James Rice, to Wm. F. Gaines. Deed under will of Samuel 
Rice, deceased, dated 1783. Mentions son Mitchell's widow, 
grandson Samuel Squires Rice, son PhiHp Russell Rice, son 
Wm. Rice, son James Rice. (309-314.) 

1703. Thomas Moore and Martha his \vife, to Daniel B. 
Lii)scomb. (359-362.) 

1793. George Peay & Ann his wife, to John Luckherd of 
King and Queen. (30 1.) 

1793. John Stubbs to Thos. Fox. Deed. Witnesses: 
David Valentine, Benj. Timberlake. Mentions lien of John 
Hickman, deceased. (363, 364.) 

1793. Wm. Banl<s to Wm. Jones. Deed. Witnesses: 
Richard & Joseph Gwathmey, et als. (365, 366.) 

1803. Wm. Dabney of King Wm., to Humphrey Dabney, 
of Richmond. Deed. Witnesses: Temple Dabney, Richard 
Dabney. Security on bond signed by Humphrey Dabney. 

1803. Owen Dabney and Wm. Dabney Jr, to Richard Dab- 
ney. Bond. Witnesses: Benj. Catlett, Isaac Dabney & 
Nancy Dabney. (368-370.) 

1802. Philadelphia Frazer to Peter Deffarges. Deed. Wit- 
nesses: Wm. Gregory, et als. (369.) 

1S03. Frances Quarles, Margaret Butler, Betty H. Quarles, 
Francis Quarles Jr, and Mary M. Quarles, of King WiUiam, 
to Thomas Hill. Land conveyed by John Quarles, Gent., to 
John Quarles Jr. Adjoining land of Aaron Quarles, deceased. 
Witnesses: Cole Digges, Wm. Fleming Butler, Charles 
Bosher. (371, 376.) 

1802. Nicholas Johnson and Ann Barber, his mother, to 
Lain Jones Moring. Deed of gift. Said L. J. Moring son of 
Ann Barber Johnson by a former husband. Land inherited 
from Lain Jones, her father. Witnesses: Edwin Poindexter, 
et als. (371-374.) 

1802. Richard Willeroy and Ann Barber Archer Willeroy 
his wife, to Reuben Dugan. Deed. (375.) 




1792. George Peay and Ann his wife to John Lukherd of 
King and Queen. Deed. (311-312.) 

1793. Same to AVm. Powell. Deed. (315-31().) 

1793. Benoni Lipscomb to \Vm. Alvey. Deed. (317-318.) 

1S05. Mary Lipscomb to granddaughter Elizabeth Fisher, 
deed of gift. Witnesses: Daniel Powers, Jas. W. Lipscomb, 
Wm. B. Lipscomb, Thos. A. Lipscomb. (319.) 

1S05. Thos. Batchelder & Catherine his wife, to Catherine 
Siiiller, land adjoining estate of Wm. Spiller. Deed. (319.) 

1805. Mary Lipscomb to grandson Jas. Fisher. Deed of 
gift. (320.) 

1805. Nathaniel Reynolds to Wm. Cottorel. Deed. (320.) 

1803. Hannah T. Dabney, relict of Wm. Dabney Jr., de- 
ceased, to Richard Dabney. Deed. (321-322.) 

1805. Robert Temple and Eliza his wife to Henry Timber- 
lake. Deed. (322-324.) 

1805. Richard Byrd and Sarah his wife to Robt. Pollard- 
Deed. Land adjoining Robert A. Byrd, John Hickman, de- 
ceased, Rev. James Elliott, and John Newman. 

1805. David L. Smith to Nathaniel Fox and Richard Bayn. 
ham. Bond. Witnesses: J. M. Houchins et als. (325-326.) 

1805. Nathaniel Fox and Mary his wife to Wm. Dansie. 
Deed. (326.) 

1805. Francis Neale and Mary his wife, to Madison Lips- 
comb. Deed. (327.) 

1805. Bartlett Lipscomb & Polly his wife to Madison Lips- 
comb. Deed. Witnesses: John C. Courtney, Reuben Mad- 
ison & Daniel Lipscomb. (328.) 

1805. Leonard Gatewood Sc Clary his wife and George T. 
Fox, to John Lipscomb. Whereas John Gatewood, late of 


Kentucky, devised &c, among 12 children, and died in the 
Coimty of Jefferson, Kentucky, and whereas Leonard Gatcwood 
has purchased 9 of the shares, and George T. Fox has pur- 
chased the share devised to Sally, wife of Reuben Burnett, &c, 
"Witnesses: Temple Elliott, and John Fox, and Walker Hawes, 
gentlemen,- Justices of King William. (329-330.) 

1805. Wm. Dandridge & wife to Mary Southerland. Deed. 

1804. Thos. Dew & Sarah his wife to Wm. Newman. Deed. 

1804. Fendall Southerland Trimyer & Grace his wife, to 
John Edmonds of Amelia. Deed. Land devised by John 
Trimmer, his father, deceased. Elizabeth Pollard, who was 
widow of John Trimmer, signs release of dower. (331.) 

1804. Owen Dabney and Richard Dabney to Diana Dab- 
ney. Deed. Land called Dublin, adjoining estate of Joseph 
Hiilyard and Mary HiUyard. (333-334.) 

1803. George Fox and Ann Banks Fox his wife to John 
King Jr. Deed. Witnesses: John Willeroy, Wm. Dudley, 
Chas. Neale, Jas. B. Lipscomb, Robert F. Degge. (335, 330.) 

1801. Wm. Nelson, of King Wm, to Richard Broaddus, of 
Caroline. Mention of Burwell Starke as guardian to Caroline 
Lewis. 520 acres in King Wm. (337, 338.) 

1804. Proof of gift from Capt. Thos. Nelson, deceased, to 
his son, Thos. Gary Nelson. Witnesses: Wm. Nelson, John 
Anderson. (338.) 

1804. Thos. P. Ellett, and Sally T. his wife, of Hanover Co., 
to Ambrose Edwards. Deed. Land devised Sally by her 
father, Wm. Neale, deceased. (339, 330.) 

1795. John Warren, of King Wm, to Robt. Warren, acting 
administrator of James Warren, deceased, of New Kent. Bond. 
Witnesses: Edward Warren, Henry R. Christian, John 
Christian. (341, 342.) 

L^ 1803. Bernard Lipscomb & Mary his wife, to Tunstall 
Quarles of Kentucky. Land in Kentucky in district set apart 
for officers & soldiers of the Va. Militia [sic], (341.) 
■(, 1803. Francis W. Quarles & Lucy D. his wife, to John Pen- 
dleton. Deed. (342.) 



i)fj - ■■■) 


1802. Edward Hill to John Segar. Deed. Witnesses: L. 
M. Noel, Philip Pendleton, L. Lord, et als. (375, 376.) 

1802. Wm. D. Claiborne, Bernard Lipscomb & Nathaniel 
Fox, to his Excellency John Page, Esq., Governor of the Com- 
monwealth of Virginia. Bond of Claiborne as Sheriff of King 
Wm. (377, 378.)' 

1S02. Thos. Dew & Elizabeth his wife to John Neill. Deed. 

1801. Luke Lipscomb of Halifax Co., to John Neill. One 
sixth of tract of land he inherited from George M. Lipscoml), 
deceased, in common with Jane Hornet, Benoni Lipscomb, & 
Jane Lipscomb. Jane Hornet was widow of George M. Lips- 
comb, deceased. Deed. Witnesses: Wm. Newman, et als. 

1801. Bartholomew Harvey to Thos. King. Deed. Wit- 
nesses: John C. Courtney, Wm. Britwell, et als. (380.) 

1803. John Taliaferro & Ann his wife, of Hanover, to Wm. 
F. Gaines. Deed. Land adjoining Mrs. Mary Elliott, James 
Powell, Wm. Campbell & Thos. Tignor. Possessed by dower 
by Elizabeth Taliaferro. (381, 382.) 

1802. Wm. Inge 8: Elizabeth his wife to . Witnesses : 

Corbin Grifiln, Wm. Griffin. (382.) 

1802. James Johnson & Lucy his wife, to Wm. Collins. 
Deed. Witnesses: Christopher Moore, Christopher Johnson, 
Bernard Lipscomb. (383, 384.) 

1804. Samuel Garlick & Fleming Gaines, & Wm. Fleming 
Gaines, to Willeroy, administrator of Samuel Garlick, deceased. 
Purchase of land owned by estate. (385, 386.) 

1802. Wm. Hargrove & Jeney his wife to Montague Wil- 
liams. Deed. (386.) 

1802. James Dabney & Judith his wife, of Louisa, and Wm. 
Daljney & Sarah his wife of King Wm, to Yancey Lipsconilj. 
Land inherited from their father George Dabney, deceased, 
in 1795. 

1802. James Pannill to John Pannill. Deed. Share of 
land inherited. Witnesses: John Blake, Jennings Foster, 
Robert Figg. (390.) 





1803. Thomas B. Chamberlayne to Pamela Madison. Deed. 
Witnesses: Wm. Abraham, et als. (391-393.) 

1803. Robert Warren Montgomery Frazer & Mary his wife. 
to Peter Deffarges. Land deeded by Wm. Frazer deceased, 
father of R. W. M. Frazer. (391.) 

1803. Wm. Nelson & Lucy his wife, Thos. Nelson, and Wm. 
Penn of Kin<^ William to John Temple. Mill & land fonnerly 
property of Thomas Nelson, deceased, & devised to Wm., 
Thomas & John Nelson. (393, 394.) 

1803. Mary Reynolds to Ann B. Mitchell. Deed of gift. 

1790. Wm. Banks to Richard Gwathmey. Deed. AVit- 
nesses: Joseph Gwathmey, Benj. Isbell et als. (347, 348.) 

1793. Dmry Ragsdale to Robt. Crowe. By power of At- 
torney from John Perrin & Elizabeth his \\ife of Gloucester 
Co. (349-352.) 

1793. Mary Terry to Solomon Quarles Terry & Ann Ed- 
wards 'I'erry. Deed of gift to her two children. Witnesses: 
Thomas Quarles, Walter Quarles. (350.) 

1794. Drury Ragsdale to James Leftwich. By power of 
attorney from John Perrin & Elizabeth his wife of Gloucester 
Co. Deed. Witnesses: Turner Redd et als. (351,352.) 

1793. Susanna Powers to Daniel Powers. (351,352.) 

1792. John Lambeth to James Hill. Bill of sale. 'Apt- 
nesses: Temple Elliott, Henry B. Murjjhy et als. (353, 354.) 

1793. Holt Richeson, Richard Turner, &: Martin Slaugliter 
Gent., to Jaquelin Ambler, Escp, Treasurer of Virginia. Bund. 

1793. Thomas Frazer to Nathaniel Gregory. Bill of sale. 

1792. Daniel Lipscomb to Jane Frazer. Marriage settle- 
ment. Witnesses: Wm. Alvey Sr., Benoni Lipscomb, Am- 
brose Lipscomb. (355, 356.) 

1793. Hickman Bagwell & Catherine his wife, to Nathaniel 
Fox. Deed. (357, 358.) 

1793. Tips Jackson to Amy Moore by Daniel Lord. 
Marriage settlement. Witnesses: Wm. Riddile, Thos. 
Butler, et als. (357-3G0.) 





1801. Wm. Henry Quarles of the town of Dunkirk, King 
& Queen Co., John Bowers, Francis West Quarles, James B. 
Crosbie, of Dunkirk, and Beverly Robinson of King William, 
to Philip Pendleton & Benj. Pendleton of King William. Men- 
tions father Major James Quarles, deceased, and land where 
Col James Quarles, deceased, lived, and land purchased by W. 
H. Quarles of Henry Graves and Mary his wife. (395-397.) 

1803. Richard Dabney & George William Smith to Cor- 
nelius Dabne}', administrator of Owen Dabney, deceased. Deed 
of trust. (397-399.) 

1797. Charles Knight & Patty his wife, to Edward Casey 
luck. Deed. Witnesses: Wm, McGeorge et als. (400-402.) 

1803. Wm. Brooke to Wm. Ah-ey. Deed, Witnesses: 
Wm. Gregor\', George Perkins, Wm. Alvey Jr. (403, 404.) 

1803. Miles King Sz Mary his wife to John Fox, Deed. 
(105, 400.) 

1803. Elizabeth Allen to John Lord. Deed. Witnesses: 
Rev. B. Lijjscomb, Laetitia Lord. (407.) 

1803. Robt. Slaughter & Rachel his wife to Henry Slaugh- 
ter. Deed. (408.) 

1797, John Raines to Benj. Temijle. Deed. (909, 910,) 

'7, 1 :«('■. , ' 'i. 

^ i).,W 


laa oi Y 




At a recent meeting the Executive Committee of this Society invested 
all the available portion of its endowment in Lilierty Bonds. It is not 
probably known to many of the present members of the Society that 
the Executive Committee of 1S61-G5, invested the whole of the then 
existing endowment, about $8,000.00, in Confederate bonds. If there 
should be, during the present war, a suflieiently pressing need of money 
there is no doubt that the Committee will lend the whole of our present 
endowment to the Government.— Ed. 


We are indebted to ISIr. Leo Culleton, of London, for the following 
copy of the epitaph of a young Virginian who died in England, whither 
he had jjrobably gone for an education. He was son of William Thorn- 
ton 0""i> Dec. 14, lOSO, died 1742 or 1743), who was a Burgess from 
King George Co. 1723, and 172G. 

Parish of Almondsbury, Co. Gloucester (England). 

Cicorge Thornton, a native 

of Virginia, the beloved Son of 

William Thornton, of Rhapahanock River, 

in the County of King George, 

was l:)orn 19th Dec. 1724. 

He came to this place November last 

and died the 19th day Dec. 1740, 

having that Day fully completed 

the 16th year of his age 

Notice of a tombstone inscription in Bigland's Hist, of Glouc, Vol. 

I, p. 47, 191, f. 1, 2. 


Rol>ert Hunt, A. M., became Vicar of Hcathheld, Susipx, in 1('.02, 
and was succeeded in 1608 by Robert vSay, A. M. 

(Sec Chichester Diocese Clergy Lists, compiled by Rev. George Hcn-, B. A., 1900; page 82.) 

C. H. M.wo, 
Gillingham, Dorset, 
See the Virginia Magazine, Vol. XXV, No. 2, April, 1917, p. 162. 


J r uKfi^Laomf A lo rJKiia'j 


W 'XflKO -jH 

298 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL I^JAGAZINE Conditions in Pittsylvania County as wShown by Early 
Land Grants fko^i an Old Surveyor's Book. 

(Contributed by Mr. N. G. Clement.) 

1741— James Parish enters for 400 acres on Sandy Creek at the Upper 
Buffalo Lick. 

Al.-^o -ino acres on Terrible Creek at the first BufTalo Lick. 

1342-1713— Wni. Maclain enters for 400 acres on the Ridge between 
Difficult 6L- Stewarts Creek, beginning al)out a mile above the old 
Buffalo Path. 

1744 — Thos. Hilton enters 400 acres on lower siile of Banister River, 
beginning at the Elk vShoals. 

1744— Rich. Smith enters for 400 acres on both sides Falls Creek, l)e- 
ginning at an old Wolf's Den. 

1745 — John Coles enters for 400 acres on the head of Terriljle Creek, 
thenie- down the old Buffalo Path. 

1745 — John Donelson 200 ac. on north side Banister River beginning at 
the mouth of Panther Creek. 

1715 — Matthew Talbut 400 acres on South side Staunton River begin- 
ning at the Cattamount Shoals. 

1715 — Henry Morris 400 acres on So. side Irv.m River beginning at a 
Poplar that was felled for a Bear. 

1747 — Tucker Woodson enters for 400 acres on South side of Staunton 
River, beginning at the mouth of a Ijold braneli that comes in a little 
below the Goose Pond. 

1747— Robert Hughes, Jr., enters for 400 acres on both sides Main 
south Fork of Chestnut beg: at the Buffalo Lick. 

1747 — John Talbot enters 400 acres at some steep hills below main 
fork Cain Creek, at a great Buffalo Lick. 

174S— Mack Cole 400 acres on main Fork of Chestnut Creek Beg at 
a Poplar that was felled for a Bear. 

174S— David Griffith & Robert Walton each 400 acres on little So. 
fork Chestnut Creek. Beginning at a Buffalo Path. 

174S — John Donelson 400 acres begin at an old Lick on Whitethorne 

1748 — John Nicholas 400 acres on Sycamore Creek beg. at a white 
oak that was felled for a Bear. 

1748— Isaac Cloud 400 acres on Tomahawk Creek beg: at a Red (kil; 
Blazed 3 Ways by a Buffalo Lick. 

174G — Joseph Cloud enters for 400 acres on Mill Creek at a ijlaee 
called Buffalo Camp. 

174G— Thomas Finny enters for 400 acres on the Middle Br. of W\'nn's 
Creek Beginning at the Buffalo Bed. Transferred to Wm. Hams of 

1746 — Abel Lee enters for 400 acres Beginning at a Great Cain Brake 
about G miles above Russel's on the creek Russel Li\'es an. 

iii«I/i a'jhis- rfjoo' xrc 
.'i<*. -uUH no c- • 

.JiO f 



1746 — Liikc' Smithsun of Obadiah 400 acres Beginning at a Lick on 
Allen's Creek just below Banister Path. 

174G-7 — Martin Brown enters 200 acres on south side Banister River 
Beginning Ml a Fish Dam about a mile above the mouth of Bradley's 

17i()-7 — ]'^]>hraim Sizemore 200 acres on Wynn's Creek beginning at a 
Black Walnut near a Beaver Pond. 

1747— Stephen Coles enters ^100 acres on both sides Story Creek, a 
Br. of Pig River, Begin, at Upper Beaver Dam. 

1753 — Charles Burns 400 acres on head of South Fork of Terrible 
Creek, begin; at a Wolf's Den. 

1754 — Robert Pusey 400 acres on ye Head of Otter Creek of Irwin 
River Begin; at Forked Poplar with a Hole near the Root made to take 
out a Bear. 

1762— John Noble 400 acres Beg: at the Beare house on the uiriR-r 
fork of Little Creek of Birrher's Creek. 

1762 — David Liles 400 acres on Mayo River against the Cane Brake 
al)ove the fort. 

1766— Neal O Neal 400 acres on the head of a north branch of Flat 
Creek, where the Surveyor & Camp started a Bear. 

1740 — Andrew Moorman, jr., 400 acres begin: below the 2nd fork of 
tlic No. fork of Difficult Creek, above the old Beaver Pond. 

1745 — Rich. Green 200 acres on both sides Sandy River begin: at the 
lower end of Bear Garden thence up. 

1746— Petrr Winston & Others enter 1200 acres on Wynn's Creek, 
Bc>_;: at ui)]ier end of 'I'hom. Pinny's Entry that begins at the Buffalo 

1748— Isaac Cloud 400 acres on Tomahawk Creek, Beg: at a Red 
Oak Blaz'd 3 Ways near a Beaver Pond. 

i\lso 400 acres begin at a Hollow Chestnut Tree in which s'd Cloud 
and Smith ns'd to camp on the Grounds between a Br. of Banister and 
Turkey Cuck Creek. ; ..^,. 

Crockett's Virginia F.arm Journ.\l. 

There is some evidence that about 1820 there was published in Vir- 
ginia a journal with the above title. Any information relative to this 
journal, or its Editor, will be greatly valued by the undersigned. 

A. J. Morrison, 
Hampden Sidney, 
Prince Edward Co., \'a. 

Herodoujs.— 1 have an old copy of Herodotus that I picked up in a 
second-hand book shop, that has pencilled in it on the fly-leaf the fol- 

■y i'trv 



Herodotus Class 
Walton Styles, (leorj^ia, 
J. T. Brown, Virginia, '" " 

R. Bollin-, Vir;^,inia, 
J. M. i3ollmK, Virginia. ■ •'" 

' Left the Class for Xen. 

J. M, Bollin-, 
Get. 2Sth. 
The first name on the list has heeoine dim; it may be either Walton, 
or Wallace, or Waller. Xo indication of year is given, but the book was 
printed in 1838. 

If you will kindly ])ublish the above, will you please say that if this is 
seen by any descendant of one of the ab(n-e, v^'ho would like to have the 
biii,k, he is quite welcome to it. 

Yours very truly, 

B. L. Ancell, 
'■""•■•' ' ■ ' ■' ^ '•" ^'"■»''- Mahan School, Yanc;chow, Chma. 

York County M.\kri.\ges. 

(C.jntributed by W. B. Cridlin.) 

John Birdsong Hunt to Sarah Langston, July 7, 1785, by Re\-. Jno. 

William Hendrick U> Anne Gcjodwin, (.)ct. 1, 1785, by Rev. Jno. Daven- 

I'Vancis Charlton to Mary Powell, Feb. 20, 178G, by Rev. Sam'l Sheild. 

John Moss to Mary Holmes, Felj. 25, 178G, by Rev. Sam'l Sheild. 

Thos. Wilkins to Elizabeth Mitchell, Mar. 30, 178(i, by Rev. Sam'l 

John Mo<idy to Mary Dickinson Chapman, A})ril 13, 178(1, by Rev. 
Sam'l Sheild. 

Jas. Stevens toRebeccah Baptist, April 20, 17SG, by Rev. Sam'l Sheild. 

Peter Atkins to Mary Morill, Sept. 17, 178G, by Rev. Sam'l Sheild. 

Claudius Vial to Rosey Lilly Powell, Sept. 28, 1780, l^y Rev. Sam'l 

John Doughlas to Mary Hobday, April 17, 178G, by Rev. Jno. Daven- 


Jas. Dixon, Junr., to Elizabeth Cary Mills, Dec. 24, 178G, by Rev. 
Jno. Davenport. 

Johnson Mallory R(jss to Mary Lester, Dec. 31, 17SG, by Rev. Jno. 
I )avenport. 

Wm. Moore to Frances Baptist, Sept. 1, 1787, by Rev. Jro. Davenport. 

Wm. Banks to Patty Maeklin, Sept. 8, 1787 by Rev. Jno Davenport. 

.\(lam Craig to Mary Mallory, July 8, 1787, by Rev. Jno. Da>. eniiort. 

w aJn. 


i'^tlCi .OJl| VJ>1 Vd ,t3<'j 

') ;<-;!oY 

rf,, ■:■ . ■ ;n:.i( 

jfinA t)j >! ;i ii)iT-jii imiiiH U 



Rcubrn Gillett to Winniford Macklin, July 12, 1792, by Rev. Jas. Hi'ii- 
(iurson, R ft. lor of Yorkhampton Parish. 

Henry Hulvird to Nancy Miles, Dec. 25, 1792, by Rev. Jas. Hender- 
sun. Rector of Yorkhampton Parish. 

Wm. Haynes to Mary Davis, Jan. 26, 1793, by Rev. Jas. Henderson, 
Rector of Yorkhampton Parish. 

John Chapman to Mary Harwood, Mar. 31, 1793, by Rev. Jas. Henrler- 
son, Rector of Yorkhampton Parish. 

Jeremiah Barton to Jane Hunt (wid. of Chas. Hunt, d'cd.), Feb. 19, 
1798, by Rev. J. Bracken. 

Wm. Emory to Elizabeth A. Denbree, May IS, 1S19, by Rev. Joshua 

Smith Bunting to Nancy To])])ing, July 13, 1819, by Rev. Joshua 

George C(xx to Elizabeth Holloway, May 17, 1S19, by Rev. Francis 
A. Ward. 

(}l^o. B. Lu'htfoot to Mary Ann Weathers, Dec. 1. 1S21, by Rev. Ed- 
ward Cannin. 

Chas. IroniiKjngcr to Rebecca Hogg (widow), Sept. 20, 1S22, by Rev. 
Wm. Morgan. 

Ino. R. Fox to Catherine M. Moss, Dec. 31, 1821, by Rev. Francis A. 

Wm. Nel-^MU to Catherine M. Fox (widow), Oct. 9, 1827, by Rev. Thos. 

Jiio. Freeman to Martha Watkins, Feb. 7, 1823, by Rev. Waddill 

Armiger I^arsons to Elizabeth Holloway, June 3, 179^, by Rev. Thos. 
Camm, Rector of Charles Par. 

John H. Pur-die to Anne Moore, Dec. 27, 1794, by Rev. Thos. Camm. 

John Dewberry to Mary Sanders, Jan. 27, 1795, by Rev. Thos. Camm. 

John Presson to Polly Lilburn, Feb. 28, 1795, by Rev. Thos. Camm. 

Will Dunsford, Jr., of James City, to Sarah Kirby, Feb. 28, 1795, by 
Rev. Thos. Camm, 

Wm. Kerby to Sarah Kerby, Aug. 26, 1795, by Rev. Thos. Cannn. 

Chas. Leavitt to Mary Robinson, Sept. 12, 1795, by Rev. Thos. 

Cheley Ross to Jane Stores (both of E. City Co.), Dec. 12, 1795, by 
Rev. Thomas Camm. 

William Moss to Elizabeth Goodwin, Jan. 23, 1796, by Rev. Thos. 

Wm. Morrow to Mary Shield Kerby, Feb. 23, 1796, by Rev. Thomas 

Miles Cary to Martha Sclater, Feb. 27, 1796, by Rev. Thomas Camm. 

Aaron Dennis to Polly Roberts, Nov. 19, 1796, by Rev. Thomas Camm. 

Benj. Presson to Elizabeth Drewry, Dec. 22, 1795, by Rev. Thomas 

(To be Continued) 


!v 'V A 

tvfi.c iW njii', <.iily'. ui -loot' 

•v-f! ..-.=>.>;/I J/, .•jjiir..',. 

•f>n.i ) 

vi'.//-ri|(iil- ■ fnl>'■1,^^ TiyirmA 




The Gorsuch and Lovelace Families. ,[ 


(By J. H. P., Baltimore, Md.) 

Anxa"* Gokslch and the Todd and Baylor Families of Virginia 

AND Maryland. 

6. William'^ Todd (Thomas^ Todd; Anna^ John^ Daniel", William^ 
Gorsuch)— Continued. There are four Acts in Hening's \'irginia 
Statutes which contain valuable data in regard to the descendants 
of Maj. William'^ Todd. (A) Act of February 1745 breaking the 
entail of lands now vested m Thomas, the eldest son of William 
Todd. This Act recites that Thomas Todd of Gloucester County, 
gentleman, by his will dated March 4, 1723 left a tract of GOO 
acres near the North River Bridge to his grandson Bernard Todd, 
son of Richard Todd, then to William Todd son of Richard, then 
lo Richard's other mule issue if any, then to the heirs of the testator's 
.sua William Todd, then to the male heirs of testator's son Philip and then 
to male heirs of testator's son Christopher. It is further recited that 
Bernard Todd and his brother Richard Todd, dying without issue, the 
said land has now passed to Thomas Todd the eldest son and heir at law 
of William Todd, son of the testator. (Hening Va. Stat. 5; 395). (B) 
Act of November 1761 breaking the entail of lands now in possession of 
William Todd. The Act recites that Thomas Todd of Gloucester 
County, gentleman, by will dated March 4, 1723 left a large tract on the 
Mattapony River, Drysdale Parish, King and Queen County to his sons 
William and Phillip Todd to be divided equally between them, with 
moiety to their male heirs and with cross remainders to the survivor. 
The Act further recites that Phillip died without male issue, that William 
then becam.' s 'izcd of the wiiole tract, leaving issue Thomas Todd, his 
eldest son and heir, who is also now dead, and that the lands have 
ilescended to and are now in the possession of William the eldest 
son and male heir of the last mentioned Thomas, (idem 7; 483-485). 
(C) Act of October 1764 breaking the entail of lands now vested in Rich- 
ard Todd. The Act recites that William Todd of King and Queen County 
gentleman, was seized of a large tract in St. Thomas Parish, Orange 
County and by his will dated January 12, 1736, devised part of said tract 
to his daugliters Dorothy and Betty and to his grandson William Gordon 


and Ricliard Barber, and all the residue, 1835 acres, to his son, Richard 
Todd and his heirs and for want of heirs to his son Thomas Todd. The 
Act further recites that William Todd died soon afterwards and that his 
son Richard then entered into and is now in possession of said residue. 
Richard Todd is allowed to sell his portion of the Orange tract in order 
to purchase slaves for an entailed tract of 400 acres in King and Queen, 
(idem S; 5i)j. (D) Act of February 17712, breaking the entail of lands in 
the possession of William Todd, etc. The Act recites that Thomas Todd 
of Gloucester Coimty, gentleman, deceased, possessed among other large 
holdings two tracts: (a) a large and valuable tract on the Mattapony 
River in King and Queen; (b) another tract of 1000 acres on Dragon 
Swamp, St. Stephens parish, King and Queen County. The Act recites 
that Thomas Todd by deed poll dated March 16, 1709 gave to his son, 
William Todd and the heirs of his body begotten of Martha V^icaris his 
intended wife, 500 acres of the first mentioned tract (a) on Mattapony 
River laid out convenient to the said William Todd's plantations. The 
Act further recites that Thomas Todd by his will dated Alarch 4, 17"23 
gave [the remaining] j^art of this said tract (a) on the Mattapony Ri\ er 
to his two sons William and Phillip Todd as tenants in common in tail 
male with cross remainders between them. The Act further recites 
that by the same will Thomas Todd gave the second mentioned tract (b) 
on Dragon Swamp unto his son Richard and heirs male and in default 
to his son William and heirs male. It is further recited that by the death 
of both Pliillip and Richard without male heirs the whole of the two tracts 

(a) and (b) became vested in William, the son of Thomas and have now 
descended to William Todd of King and Queen County, gentleman, the 
grandson and heir of William Todd the elder and Martha Vicaris. The 
Act further recites that it will be to the advantage of William Todd, 
grandson of William Todd, the elder, to sell the above mentioned tract 

(b) on Dragon Swamp to which Harry Todd the next brother and male 
heir presumptive of said William Todd consents. It is further recited 
that as the boimds are uncertain o^ the 500 acres portion of the tract (a) 
on Mattapony, which is the only part of the above mentioned lands which 
will pass to William Todd's heirs who are now only daughters, it not being 
likely that he will now have sons, the said William and his brother Harry, 
the next remaining man, have agreed upon certain boimds to avoid future 
disputes (idem 8; 631-635) 

It appears from an examination of the above four acts that Col. Will- 
iam^ Todd had at least two sons, Thomas" and Richard^, and that 
Thomas^, who was the elder inherited the entailed lands. From the 
following it seems possible that there may have been a third son William. 
In the Essex County Court records is to be foimd an order, May 175:.', 
under which Thomas Todd, orphan of William Todd, of Essex County, 
deceased, aged eleven years, was bound over to William Edmundson of 
Essex. It will be shown later that Dorothy^ Todd, a daughter of Col 
William'^ Todd, married' Thomas Edmundson of Essex. It would 


111: TL-for seem not iinj^robabU' ihnt ilu- orjjhan, Thomas Todd, 
vvlio was bound over lo William Edmundscm, was a connection 
of ihe latter. We only have positive proof that Col. William'* 
Todd had two daughters, although there v.<.re probably others. 
The Act of October 17G4 refers to a tract in St. Thomas l'ari;h, 
Ctrange County left under the will of William Todd, 1736, "to his daugh- 
ters Dorothy and Betty and to his grandson William Gordon and Richard 
Barber." It is uncertain from the wording of the act, whether this is 
intended to mean that William Cordc>n v.'as a son of Dorothy and that 
Richard Barber was a son of Betty. It will be shown presently (see 
liti.'iabeth''' and Dorothy'^ i)ost) that if this is the correct interpretation, 
Dorothy' married twice, as she is known to haxc been the wife of Thomas 
Edrnundson. There is independent evidence however that Elizabeth" 
(BiLty) Todd married James Barbour, and had a son Richard Barbeiur. 
The possibility of this Elizabeth Todd having made still another mai- 
ria.;e to Benjamin Hubbard will also be discussed. There is also a 
possibility that Col. William'* Todd had a third daughter. Sarah, as it 
is stated in a sketch of the Barbour family in Green' s History of Culpeper 
Ci'iinty (Vol, II, p. 13.5) that James Barbour after the death of his first 
wife. Elizabeth Todd, "married secondly Sarah Todd of a most respect- 
able family, probably a sister of the first wife." In addition a Lucy Todd 
who cannot be placed elsewhere, appears as the witness of a deed exe- 
cuted May 28, 1730, by Col. William Todd for land in Spotsylvania 
(Croziers Va. Rec. -Spotsylvania Co.; 113). Tliis Lucy Todd may have 
be en still another daughter of Col. William Todd. The whole question 
is most involved. The writer prefers to number definitely as the daugh- 
tt rs of Col. William^ Todd however only Dorothy^ and Elizabeth", con- 
side ring it most probable that Dorothy married first a man named Gor- 
don and secondly Thomas Edrnundson, although it is ciuite possible that 
it was still another daughter of unknown name who married a Gordon 
and became the mother of William Gordon. The leader is referred lo 
Green's History of Culpeper for detailed information in regard to the 
children of James Barbour and his wives Elizabeth and Sarah Todd, 
where a copy of the will of the latter dated May 19, 1781 and pro\-ed 
May IS, 17SS in Culpeper, is given. It is interesting to note that among 
her grandchildren, Sarah Barbour mentions a Lucy Todd. It seems 
possible that Sarah Todd may have been a widow Todd when she mar- 
riv:d James Barbour. 

Children of William'* Todd (Thomas^) and his wife Martha Vicaris. 
i. Thomas^ Todd (William<*, Thomas^). He is referred to as the 
eldest son in several of the acts just cited. He was probably 
born about 1710. He lived in St. Stephens Parish, King and 
Queen County. It is known that he married Elizabeth 
Waring daughter of Thomas Waring of Essex, probably 
about the year 1744. This may have; been a second marriage 
however as there is some evidence that his eldest son, Wil- 


liaiii^ was of age in 1701. The wrilcr is indebted to the editor 
of the Magazine for the following Waring notes from the 
Essex records. There is an Essex deed, dated 1742, \\hii.-h 
recites that Col. Thomas Gouldman by will left to MoUie 
and Betty Waring, daughters of Thomas Waring and Eliza- 
beth his wife, certain slaves, and that MoUie was then tlie 
wife of Henry Robinson. From this and other evidence it 
appears that Elizabeth, the wife ot Thomas Waring was a 
daughter of Thomas Gouldman. There is another deed 
dated 1744 from Thomas Waring the elder, on the lirst part, 
and Thomas Todd of King and Queen, Francis Waring and 
Thomas Waring, the younger, of Msse.x. on the second pan, 
to secure certain obligations [possibly Betty's wedding 
portion]. It therefore seems probable that Thomas'" Todd, 
married Elizabeth Waring between 1742 and 1744. The will 
of Thomas Waring of Essex, dated June 9, 1748 and proved 
January 1751, names his sons, Frani/is and Thomas, and 
daughters, Anna Waring, Betty Todd and MoUie Robinson, 
and makes his two sons [sons- in-law] Thomas Todd and 
Henry Robinson executors. 

This Thomas'' Todd, May 28th 1742, petitioned the House 
of Burgesses to dock the entail of 600 acres of land left by [his 
grandfather] Thomas Todd, to the latter's grandson, Ber- 
nard Todd [son of Richard** Todd] but now vested in the 
petitioner by the death of [his cousin] Bernard without male 
heirs (Jour. House of Burg.-Va.; 7; 41). It was not until 
February 1745 that an act to this effect was passed (see 
William*' Todd ante). 'J'homas'' Todd died sometime prior 
to 1761, when the act of November 17()1 shows that he was 
then dead, and that certain entailed lands were then in the 
possession of his eldest son, William'* Todd. Betty, the 
widow of Thomas^ Todd was living December 10, 1762 when 
she and William'* Todd petitioned the House of Burgesses 
against laying out a town at Todd's Warehouses on the 
Mattapony (Jour. House Buig.-Va.; 10; 143, 148). That 
this Thomas''' Todd had at least two sons, William- the 
eldest, and Henry** (Harry) the next eldest, living February 
1772, is learned from tiie act of that date (see William*" Todd 
ante), while the wording of the act indicates that there were 
other sons. There was at least one other .son Bernard^ 
Todd, who lived in Charlotte County. The editor of the 
Magazine informs the writer that he has seen conclusive 
proof of this, although at the moment he is unable to place 
his hand upon it. Indirect evidence also .supports this 
statement. Thus the name Bernard points to his descent 
from Thomas^ Todd and Elizabeth Bernard, and by exclu- 


sion Ihr only place that can l)c found for him is here. His 
daughter Betty is said to have had Waring as her middle 
name, pointing to the fact that she was named for her 
father's mother Betty Waring. As will be shown latei this 
Bernard'* Tudd in 17S<J conveyed land to William Meri- 
wether, and it appears that |his brother] HarryS Todd 
■rl married Aphia Meriwether (see post). Whether Thomas- 

Todd and Betty Waring had other sons or anv daugliteis 
is not known. There was a Dr. George Todd living in Caro- 
line, December 17, 1770 (Va. Mag. 20; 319) who has not 
been identified and who may possibly be another son of 
Thomas^. There was also an unidentified Richard Todd 
and his wife Margaret, living in Spotsylvania who deeded 
land there in 1791 and 1791, who may possibly belong here. 
(Crozier's Va. Rec. -Spotsylvania Co.; 4()S, ISS). 

issue of Thomas' Todd (William«, Thomas^) and his wife Elizabeth 
\\ a ring. 

(1) William^ Todd (Thomas', William", Thomas-). He is 
known from the acts of November 1761 and February 
1772 to have been the eldest son, although there is some 
uncertainty as to whether his mother was Elizal:)elh War- 
ing or a former wife. He was apparently of age prior to 
17(11. The only facts known in regard to him are h arned 
from the act of February 1772 in which it is recited that 
his only children, then living, were daughters and that 
J it was unlikely that he would have a son. The reader is 

referred to this act which has already been fully dis- 
cussed (see WilliamS Todd ante). The name of William« 
• Todd's wife has not been learned nor have any of his 

. • children been traced. He appears to have been living 

in King and Queen County in 1772. It is doubtless this 
William Todd who was a member of the Committee of 
Safety of King and Queen Co. Dec. 12, 1774. 
(2) Harry« Todd (Thomas^, William", Thomas'^). The act of 
February 1772 shows that Harry« Todd was then the 
second living son. Whether he was the child of his fath- 
er's wife, Elizabeth Waring or the son of a prior marriage 
is uncertain. The only facts known in regard to him are 
learned from a petition dated May 24th 1774presented by 
Harry Todd and his wife Aphia to the House of Burgesses 
requesting that they be authorized to sell certain entailed 
lands to Walker Tomlin. It is here recited that Harry 
'i'odd in the right of his wife Aphia, is seized of et rtain 
lands under the will of Nicholas Meriwether, gentleman, 
d._-eease(l, 33.> acres lying in St. David's parish King \Vil- 



liam County, he and his wife having agreed to sell the 
same to Walker Tomlin, who married the sister of the said 
Aphia Todd (Jour. House Burg.-Va. 13; 124). He was 
a member of the Committee of Safety of King and Queea 
Co. Dec. 12, 1774, and was a member of the House of 
Delegates from the same county in 1784. 
(3) Bernards Todd (Thomas', William'*, Thomas^). The 
evidence that he was one of the younger sons of Thomas''' 
and Elizabeth (Waring) Todd has already been presented. 
There is a Charlotte County deed dated March 1, 1783, 
under which Bernard Todd of King and Queen County 
purchased land in Charlotte. There is a Hanover County 
deed, December 22, 1789, by which Bernard Todd of 
Charlotte conveys to William Meriwether of Louisa 
County a warrant for land in Hanover (William & Mary 
C. O., 23; 117). There is another Charlotte deed, dated 
Oct. 1, 1792, from Bernard Todd and his wife Elizabeth. 
Bernard Todd^ was a member of the House of Delegates 
from Charlotte 17S9-1791. It is stated that he married 
Elizabeth, the daughter of William Pollard of Hanover. 
The will of Bernard Todd dated June 20, 1810, was proved 
Nov. 7, 181 1 in Charlotte County. He names his children 
Thomas, Mary, William, Christopher, Bartlett, Joseph, 
Belly and Philip. Certain provisions of the will were not 
to go into effect until his yoiuigest son was of age and his 
youngest daughter married, showing that in ISIO some of 
his children were still minors. The late Dr. B. H. 
Walker of King and Queen is the authority for the state- 
ment that the daughter Betty's full name was Betty 
Waring Todd. It is said of the children of Bernard^ and 
Elizabeth (Pollard) Todd that: (a) Thomas'-* Todd 
man led Eliza, daughter of Col. Henry Pendleton; (b) 
Mary9 married a man named Buster; (c) William^ mar- 
ried and had one son and two daughters. He was a 
clergyman; (d) Christopher^* married and had a large 
family. He removed to Tennessee and lived to be over 
ninety; (e) Bartlett"; (f) Jo.seph^; (g) Betty Waring^ 
married Temple Walker of King and Queen; (h) Phiiipy. 
ii. Richard" Todd (William^, Thomas^). He is referred to as 
the younger brother of Thomas^ Todd in several of the acts 
just cited. Very little is known with certainty in regard to 
this Richard" Todd. What we know is derived largely 
from tradition and from family papers belonging to the late 
Dr. Charles H.^" Todd of Owensboro, Kentucky, a grand- 
son of Justice Thomas^ Todd of the United State Supreme 
Court, the youngest son of Richard^ Todd. These family 


notes and the published bioi^raphies of Justice Todd state 
that Richard^ Todd married Elizabeth Richards of Vir- 
i;inia. This marriage must have taken place prior to 1750. 
It is said that Richard^ Todd died when his son Thomas, 
who was born in 17Go, was only eighteen months old. 
Richard Todd, June 7, 1743, purchased from Thomas 
Todd of vSt. Stephen's Parish, King and Queen, a lot in 
Fredericksburg, devised to Thomas Todd by his father 
Col. William Todd (.Crozier's V'a. Rcc. -Spotsylvania Co.; 
lt)27.) There is an act of tlu' assembly dated October 17G4, 
which has bicn already referred to, permitting Rich- 
ard^ 'l\)(ld to sell tlie pcjrtiun of the tract in St. Thomas 
,,•;• •,.. Parish in Orange County left to him and his heirs under the 
will of his father, William Todd, dated January PJth 1736, 
• I, , and to in its place slaves to work upon his King and 

Queen County tract of 404 acres of which he is seized in fee 
simple, these slaves to be entailed in his childrtn. The 
family must have suffered iinancial reverses, as we find the 
",: , ;.' widow of Ricliard" Todd owning a tavern in Chisteriield 

' . County, Virginia, a few years after his death. The editor 

y, of the Magazine has called the writer's attention to the will 

i of Betty Todd, the widow, 1777, and to a deed executed by 

r her in 1772, recorded in Chesterfield. The deed dated July 
;. 11, 1772, from Betty Todd of Manchester, mothei of Richard 

I Todd, to secure a debt to James Lyle, conveys the tavern 

.,; in Manchester known as Todd's Tenement, purchased by 

, her from Johnson and Wood, together with four half acre 

,,, lots and twelve negroes. It would appear from this that 

the mother had been called upon to pay her son Richard's" 
debts. The will of Mrs. Betty Todd of Chesterfield Coun- 
ty, dated October 30th, 1777, and proved the same year, 
names as hei legatees her son W'illiam Todd, her grand- 
daughter Betty Todd, her son Thomas Todd, her daughter 
Milly Todd and her son Richard Todd. William Dan- 
dridge of Henrico County and Dr. William McKenzie of 
Chesterfield County are named as executors. The inven- 
tory dated November 5th, 1777, showed a personal estate 
valued at £1519 ; S ; 1,' 2, and uuluded in additicjn to various 
household belongings a mare at William Todd's in Pitt- 
sylvania Coimty. Frcjm this point we are entirely de- 
pendent upon the family paiters of Dr. Charles H Todd, 
Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky, and MarshdU's 
Historic Families of Kentucky, 18S9, for inlormation. Ac- 
cording to these statements Richard^ 'i'odd's eldest son 
was William** Todd, afterwards High SheritT of 
Pittsylvania, and his youngest son was Thomas** 

GENEALOGY ^'^: /.!, A'i^C^MUi^ 300 

Todd who became justice. The names of other sons are 
not given in these published biographies, but there is a mar- 
ginal note by Dr. Charles H. Todd in his copy of Collins 
which refers to the second son Richard'* Todd: "Richard 
Todd was a brother of Justice Thomas Todd — Thomas Lank- 
ford was the brother of Mary Lanlcford, wife of Richard 
Todd, of King and Queen County, who [i. e. Lankford] 
was killed by a fall from his horse — Judge Todd brought 
the widow and her four children to Woodford County, 
Kentucky, about 1786 — the brother Thomas Lankford was 
coming to Kentucky to see his sister when he 
was killed." The a>:-eount in Marshall's History of 
Kentucky, as a matter oi' fact, in interpreting the act 
of February 1772, confuses VVilliain** Todd, the son of 
Thomas' Todd (William*^, Thomay'"') with William* Todd, 
the sheriff of Pittsylvania in 17S3 and the son of Richard^, 
the subject of this sketch. The will of Betty Todd just 
cited shows that there was a daughter Milly. 
Issue of Richard^ Todd (William*^, Thomas-'') and his wife Elizabeth 

(1) Williams Todd. (Richard^, William^, Thomas^). He is 
said by Dr. Charles H*". Todd to have been Sheriff of 
Pittsylvania County, Virginia, 1786. The inventory of 
his mother's estate indicates that he was living there in 
1777, and her will that he had a daughter Betty'-* (Eliz- 
abeth). Could she have been the Elizabeth Todd wlio 
married Benjamin Hubbard? (See Elizabeth" Todd 
post). This William Todd has not been traced. There 
was a William Todd, clerk of the Board of Trustees of the 
Transylvania Seminary in 1787 (Wm. & Mary C; 1.'2; 
263-265). The editor of the Magazine writes me that a 
William Todd ai)i)ears in 1767 as an appraiser in Pittsyl- 
vania Co. 

(2) Richard^ Todd. (Richard", William'', Thomas^). Refer- 

ence has already been made to a memorandum by Dr. 
Charles H. 10 Todd that this Richard"* Todd married Mary 
Lankford, the brother of Thomas Lankford, and that after 
the death of Richard Todd, the widow and her four chil- 
dren, about 1786, were brought to Kentucky by her brother 
in law, Justice Thomas** Todd. The deed executed by 
his mother in 1772 suggests that Richard** was living with 
her in Manchester, Chesterfield County, in 1772, and that 
she had become financially involved through him. 
i3) Thomas** Todd. (Richard', William", Thomas^). Family 
papers state that he was born in 1765 in King and Queen 
County. During the closing days of the Revolution he 

•■;v/ (I' 



served in the army. He went to Kentucky with the family 
of Harry Innes about 1784-17SG. He took an aclivc part 
in politics, and held various political and judicial posi- 
^^ tions. He was appointed by Jefferson, a Justice of the 

United States Supreme Court, holding this jjosiiion until 
his death in 1S2G. He married twice. His first wite was 
Elizabeth Harris. He married secondly, Lucv Payne, 
the widow of Major Stcptoe \Vashiiii<ion. justice Todd 
left issue by both wives. 
(4) Milly« Todd (Richard', William", Thomas'^. The will of 
her mother shows that there was a dauj^ditcr MUh-, li\-ing 
and apjjarently unmarried in 1777. 
iii. Dorothy^ Todd (William^, Thomas"'). She was apparently 
the eldest daughter of Col. William'' Todd and his wife 
Martha Vicaris. vSlie is known to have married TlKjmas 
Edmundson, of Esse.x, as his lirst wife. The will ui Thomas 
Edmundson, dated I^ecembcr 2Gth, 1757. and jjr.Aid De- 
cember 19th, 1759, is a very lengthy one. Hr mentions his 
sons, James, William and John and his tlaughter,-, Judith, 
Sarah and Dorothy, and refers to his wife Har.nah and his 
sister Elizabeth Hays. The wording of the will indicates 
that most of his children were under age. Ed- 
mundson married as his second wife Hannah I'hilips. 'Ihere 
is on record in Essex County a marriage contract dated 1749 
between Thomas Edm.undson, Jr., and Hannah Phili[,s. In 
this contract provision was made for his four sons, )(>hn, 
William, Thomas and James. He leaves to his son William 
all the land in Orange County left to his former wife 
Dorothy by her father Col. William Todd, hi his will he 
provided that his wife Hannah maintain his daughter, 
Sarah, until she was fourteen years old. Dorolliy was 
almost certainly a child by Dorothy Todd. Of his sewn 
children Judith is the only one whose natther is not eer- 
tainly known, although it is proljable that she was also 
a child of his first wife, Dorothy *". It seems probable 
from the following evidence that Dorothy^ Todd was 
the widow of a man named Gordon when she married 
Thomas Edmundson. It will be recalled that the act 
of October, 17(i4 (see William'' Todd ante), recites that 
Col. William Todd, under his will dated March IJtii, 17;5(i, 
left a certain tract in (Jrange County to "his dau.Lditirs 
Dorothy and Betty, and to his grandson William Cordon 
and Richard Barber." As Elizabeth^ Todd had a son 
Richard Barbour, it would seem from the wording of the act 
that William Gordon was the son of Dorothy^. It is inter- 
esting to note that Thomas" Todd (Thomas^, Thomas-), of 


Maryland, June 18th, 1731, sold land in Essex bounding "on 
the widow Gordon," which he had inherited from his father 
l,see Thomas ^ Todd antej. 

i\-. Elizabeth^ Todd (.William^, Thomas^). It is stated in 
Green's History of Culpepper County (Vol. II, p. 135), that 
James Barbour, 2nd, of Culpepper, married as his first wife, 
Elizabeth Todd, and had by her one child, a son, Richard, 
who died without issue, and that he married secondly 
Sarah Todd, supposed to be a sister of his first wife, leaving' 
by his wife Sarah several children. The phraseology of 
the act of October, 1704, cited in the last paragraph (see 
Dorothy'^ Todd ante) indicates that Betty Todd had mar- 
ried prior to 1736 a man named Barber (Barbour) and had 
then living at least one child, a son, Richard. There would 
therefore seem to be little room for doubt that this Eliza- 
beth'' Todd married James Barbour, 2nd, and was outlived 
by her husband. It is therefore diiiicult to explain the fol- 
lowing definite statement by Dr. Charles H. Todd in the 
William and Mary Quarterly (Vol. XXI, p. 203); "Benjamin 
Hubbard married Elizabeth Todd, daughter of Major Wil- 
liam Todd and Martha Vicaris, of King and Queen * * * 
their daughter, Ann Hubbard, married Col. James Taylor, 
and was the mother of General James Taylor, of Newport, 
Kentucky." Dr. Todd goes on to say that Mrs. Elizabeth 
(Todd) Hubbard was the sister of Richard''' Todd, father of 
Justice' Thomas** Todd, and gives other family details. 
While it is possible that Elizabeth'' Todd married as her 
first husband Benjamin Hubbard, and as her second Jamt-s 
Barbour, it seems more probable to the writer that Dr. 
Todd may have confused the generations, and that Mrs. 
Hubbard was the granddaughter of Col. William** Todd, 
and the daughter of Thomas^ (William'') or the daughter 
of William** (Richard^ William")— see ante. 
7. Philip6 Todd. (Thomas^ Todd, Anna^, John*, Daniel^ William^ 
Gorsuch). He was apparently the fourth son of Thomas^ Todd and 
Elizabeth Bernard. He is mentioned in his brother Thomas" Todd's 
will, 1711. In Spotsylvania County there is a deed dated Sept. 30, 1727, 
from Philip Todd, of St. Stephen's Parish, King and Queen County, for 
500 acres patented by him June 30, 1720. No wife joins in this deed 
(Crozier's Va. Rec. Spotsylvania Co., 100). Again Gctober 7, 172!), 
William and Martha Todd, of Drysdale Parish, King and Queen County, 
deed 2000 acres in Spotsylvania to Philip Todd, of St. Stephen's Parish, 
King and Queen County, (idem. 109). The act of the Virginia Assembly, 
Nov. 1761, (see ante) breaking the entail of land on Mattaponty River, 
Drysdale Parish, King and Queen County, recites that Thomas Todd, 




of Gloucester, by his will dated War. 4, 1723, left the above tract to his 
sons William and I'hilip equally, with a moiety to their male h( irs and 
ei-oss remainders should either die without heirs. It furth('r recites that 
Philip Todd died without male issue; the entire tract passed to his 
brother William, descending lo William's oldest son Thomas, and tmally 
to the latter's oldest son, \\illiani, the entail in whom the act docks. 
(Hciung's Va. vStal. 7; 4S;>-o). As to whetlier Philips Todd m.arricd 
and left female heirs or not, we arc Icfi in the dark. That he died bil'ore 
his lirotlicr Williani*J is certain. 

S. Christ. ;phcr'' Todd. (Thomas^ Todd; Anna*, JohnS Uanii4-, 
William' Gorusch). The ins(ri])tion on liis tombstone at Toddshury .s that he was b<,rn April 2nd, KiDO, and died March 2Gth, 1743 (Wm. 
^v Mary C. Q. .H; Hi)). From the order in which he is mentioned in the 
F(jntaine MSS he would appear lo have been the hfth and youngest son 
(aril. ; 25; 8!)). Christopher'' Todd lived at Toddsbury. Thai the 
family seat should have passed into the hands of the youngest son seems 
at tiist sight rather stranj^e. Sometime prior to his father's iKalli, 
ho'.cvcr, two (jf Christoj^lur's elder brothers, Thomas'' and William'', 
ha i established themselves elsewhere, the former taking the valuable 
Miii'yland estates, and the latter aeciuirinj.; lar.L;e jjroperty interests in 
Ki.,;,' and Queen, where he became a man of prominence. Of his two 
other elder brothers, it is known that Phili];'^ died without male issue, 
an'i that Richard's'' two sons died youn,^. It does not, therefore, stem 
unruuural that Christopher", who a]jparently remained at Toddsbury 
with his father, should have finally come into possession of the place, 
prob:J)ly under the ti rms oi his father's will. 

\'ery little is known in rej,'ard to Christopher'' Todd. His tombstone 
refers to him as "Ca]it. Cliristo])her Todd." He married between Jan- 
uary 20th, 171S, and September 13th, 1721, Elii:abeth, the daughter of 
Feimiel Mason. The writer is indebted to Mr. W. C. Torrence, of Rich- 
mond, for an abstract of a Princess Anne County deed from which this 
information has been obtained. In this deed, dated September 13, 1721, 
Cliiistopher Todd, of Gloucester Co., and Elizabeth his wife, one of the 
dau^'Iiters of Lemuel Mason, merchant, late of the county of Norfolk, 
deceased, convey to Lemuel Mason [her brother] all her share of a tract 
Great Plantation on the west side of Lynnhaven River, late the property 
of Lemuel Mason, and also her share of an adjoining tract, patented Jan. 
2(lth, 1718 by tile said I::iizabeth and her sister Tabitha, under the 
nanu s of Elizabeth and Tabitha Mason, it is thus learned that l.Vw.u- 
betli, the wife of Christopher'' Todd, was the daughter of Col. Lenniel 
Ma.-.e/n, a prominent man in lower .\orfolk County. That Lemuel Masnu, 
the younger, was his son, is well known. Owing to the destruction of the 
Gloucester records we do not know with certainty how many children 
Cliristopher'^ Todd had. From chance sources it is known that he luul 
at 1 ast three, viz: Thomas^, Lucy'^ and Mary^. The tombstone of 
'J'he>mas^ Todd (J721-1794) at Toddsbury, gives his parentage (see this 


Thomas'^ Todd, post). Lucy' Todd married Edward Tabb, wc learn from 
the family records of the Tabbs of Toddsbury (see Lticy^ Todd, post). 
Thai Elizabeth'' Todd married John Wyatt, is learned from Wyatt family 
records (see Mary^ Todd post). There were other individuals bearing the 
name Tudd living in Gloucester County in the latter part of the eij^h- 
lecnth t ..ntury, v/ho were probably descendants of Christopher** and Eiiz- 
abeih To<ld. If the tradition in the Tabb family is true, that Thomas''' 
Todd, son of Christoi^her*', died without heirs, it seems quite probable 
that Christopher" and Elizabeth had another son or sons. There was a 
Christopher Todd*, of Gloucester, who was a student at William and 
Mary College between 1770 and 1773, probably identical with the Vir- 
ginia clergyman of the same name, who may well have been a grandson 
of Christopher** Todd. It also seems possible that Dr. James Todd, 
whose daughter Catherine, born Februarj' 9th, 1750, married 1764 Dr. 
James Ware, of Gloucester, Va., was a son of Christopher" Todd. (Hay- 
den's Va. Geneal. p. 41). There were also one or two other unidentified 
individuals in Gloucester County at this date bearing the name Todd, 
who may possibly belong to this line. When it is remembered thai of 
the five sons of Thomas'' and Elizabeth (Bernard) Todd, the male 
descendants of Thomas'', Richard" and Philip'' are known with absolute 
certainly, and that the descendants of William'', about which there is 
somewhat less certainty, are largely identified with King and Quei-n, for 
the reasons given above the possibility of descent of unidentified indi- 
\ iduals in Gloucester bearing names common ip the Todd family, from 
Christopher" must always be kept in mind. 
Issue of Christopher'' and Elizabeth (Mason) Todd. 

i. Thomas" Todd (Christopher'^, Thomas'^). His tombstone in- 
scription at Toddsbury reads: Thomas Todd, son of Eliza- 
beth and Christopher Todd. Born November, 1724. De- 
parted this life 18th February, 1794 (Va. Mag. 3; 82). Tradi- 
tion in the Tabb family states that he died without leaving 
is.sue. This may be true, but we really know nothing aljout 
him. The tradition that he owned Toddsbury and live d 
there, does not seem to be open to question. The as- 
sumption, however, that because after his death Toddsbury 

*The Journal of the Meetings of the President and Masters of William 
and Mary College shows that Mr. Christ'r Todd was admitted as a stu- 
ilent January 23rd 1770 and remained enrolled until June 24th 1773 (Wm. 
I.V: Mary Col. Quart. Vols, .\iii-xiv). Dr. Lyon G. Tyler informs the 
writer that he was enrolled from Gloucester Co. In Pother gill's A List 
of Emigrant Ministers to America — 1690-1811 (p. 59), appears: "Christo- 
pher Tcdd, Virginia, May 9, 1775; Money Book 53-172." It seems 
highly probable that Christojjher Todd after leaving William and Mary, 
went to England and took orders, returning to Virginia just before the 
outbreak of the Revolution. 


was in the possi ssion of the descendants of his sistc r Lne-y" 
Tal<b, lu-cLSsarily means that he died without issue, is 
entirely unjustifiable because of our ignorance of the terms 
of the will of his father and grandfather disposing of 'J'odds- 
bury and the abolition of the laws of primogeniture and 
entail before his death. He may very well have sold 
Toddsbury to his sister or some of her Tabb descendants 
prior to his d-.-ath. Certainly it is entirely unwarranted 
to assume because Toddsljury passed to the Tabbs. that 
Thomas'" Todd left no hi'irs, or that he n:;ay not have had 
brothers, wIkj left heirs. 
ii. Lucy^ Todd (Christopher'', Thomas-^). Her tombstone at 
Toddsbury reads: Lucy Tabb daughter of Christopher and 
Elizabeth Todd. Born November 20th 1771. Died Feb- 
ruary 18th 1791 (Wm. & Mary C. O. 3; 119). In a sketch of 
the Tabb family it is stated that Edward Tabb of Ciloucester 
County (son of John Tabb), who was born FeVjruary ^Ird 
1719, and died January 29th 1782, married November llth 
1749 Lucy, the daughter of Christopher Todd of Toddsbury. 
Edward Tabb is buried at Toddsbury, the date of his birlh 
and death being found on his itanbstone there. Although 
buried at Toddsbury, it is not certainly known whether this 
place, which later belonged to his eldest son PhiliiJ^ Tabb, 
was ever actually in the pos.session of Edward Tabb. The 
reader is referred to this account of the Tabb family for tic- 
tailed information in regard to the descendants of Edward 
and Lucy" (Todd) Tabb. (Wm. & Mary C. Q. 18; IGOet seq.) 
Issue of Edward Tabl^ and his wife Lucy^ Todd, (Christopher*^, 

(1) Philips xabb (Lucy^ Todd, Christopher*^, Thoii^as^). 

His tombstone inscription at Toddsbury states that 
he was born N'ovember (ith 1750 and di< il Felj- 
ruary 25th, 1822. He lived at Toddsbury, and became 
the ancestor of the Tabbs of Toddsbury. He married 
December 7th 1780 Mary Mason Booth, the daughter of 
Nathaniel Wythe Booth and Elizabeth his wife. They 
left five children: 

(2) Lucy« Tabb (Lucy~ Todd, Christopher'^, Thomas^). Born 

March 25th 1753. Married Mr. Cary who went to C.eor- 
gia and left numerous descendants. 

(3) Thomas'* Tabb U-ucy^ Todd, Christopher'-, Thomas"'). 

Born September 2Gth 1755. 

(4) Martha^ Tabb. (Lucy^ Todd, Christopher"', Thomas-^). 

Born October 21st 1757. Died September IG, 1821. 
Married Rev. Armistead Smith. They left six children. 



When at Putney Grammar School. 

GENEALOGY . . , . 315 

■^ ' ^ A '.( A'.l„ 

(5) Elizabeths Tabb (Lucy^ Todd, Christopher^, Thomas''). 
Born Ju]y 31st 17G0. Married John Patterson of "Poplar 
Grove," Matthe^Ys Co. They left descendants. 
(G) Pauline" Tabb (Lucy^ Todd, Christopher^, Thomas"'). 
Born 1766. Died April Gth 1794. Married George Wythe 
Booth, and died without is.sue. 
iii. Mary'' Todd (Christopher'^, Thomas'"' )■ In an account of 
the Wyatt family (Wm. &- Mary C. O. 10; GO) it is stated 
that there is a Bible record that John Wyatt, born May 15, 
1732 and died January 5th 1S05 married Mary, the daughter 
of Capt. Christopher Todd of Toddsbury, and left issue: 
(,1) William E.^ Wyatt (Mary^ Todd, Christopher^, Thomas-^). 
Born 1762. Died Septtmbcr 2Gth 1802. He was a physi- 
cian. He married Mary, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
Graham, February 8th, 1781 and left issui' (Wm. & Mary 
C.Q.; 3; 37, 74.) 

9. Anne'i Todd (Thomas'^ Todd; Anna-*, John'*, Daniel^, William^ 
Gorsuch). She is the first daughter of Thomas'^ and Elizabeth (Bernard) 
Todd enumerated in the Fontaine MSS, (ante p. 30), indicating that she 
was the eldest daughter, the reference to her merely being: "Anne, who 
married a Cooke." Her tombstone states speeitically that she was the 
eldest daughter. In Stiibb's Descendants of Mordecai Cooke, 1893, and 
in the William and Mary Quarterly is given the inscription upon her tomb- 
stone at Wareham, the old Cooke family seat in Gloucester, which 
shows that she was born Nov. 9, 1G82 and died July 18, 1720. The 
inscription reads as follows: "Here lieth the body of Mrs. Ann Cooke 
wife of Mr. John Cookt? and eldest daughter of Capt. Thomas and Eliz- 
abeth Todd. Born m the Parish of Ware 9lh day Nov. 11)82. Died July 
18, 17:^0 ' (See also Wm. & Mary C. Q., 2, 224;.) Th<- following state- 
imul-, :.'.< derived entirely frr^rn the Stuhb' s gf ncalogy to which the 
rcad'T v. reff-rrfd for furthf-r ir.forn.ation m r(;'arri to Anne^ (Todd) 
CniMf' II' ■•,(■< ndant.',. )ului(>jok«-, iIk- son of Mordtrai Cooke the found- 
er of the distinguished Cooke family (.f Virginia, imirried twice. His lirst 
wife was Anne" Todd. He married .secondly Mary Smith. Her tomb- 
stone, also at Wareham, shows that she was born in Ware Parish Ai<r. 
11, IG9I, and died Mar. 15, 1721 and tliat she was the el.lest daught' r of 
Joliii and Eiizalulh Sniitli. Stnbbs .stab s by that Anne'' To.ld, hi:> first 
wile, Ji,liii C(M.kc of Wareham left but one ehiiil Mordi eai' , allhougli no 
I' • IS givru to pr<.vr lliat Wmv iii;iy net liav( Imoi oilur ehildrm. 

issue of John Cooke an<l his wife Anne" 'i'mld ('i'iioma.s"- Todd.) 

i. Mordecai^ Cooke (Anne", Thomas-^' Todd). Born 1708. Died 
1751. Married Elizabeth Whiting (born 1713; died 17G2). 
Mordecai" and Elizabeth (Whiting) Cooke left issue. (See 
Stubb's descendants of Mordecai Cuoke.) 

10. Lucy" Todd (Thomas''"' Todd; Anna"*, John-*, Daniel^, William^ 
Gorsuch.) In enumerating the daughters of Thomas-"' and Elizabeth 


(Bernard) Todd, the Fontaine MSS (ante, p. 89) follows the name of 
Annt-s Todd) Cooke immediately with that of: "Lucy, who married 
first a man named O'Brien; secondly, John Baylor, and became the 
inoihir of Col. John Baylor of Caroline." To the writer it seems quite 
Pos-.i1)1l-, however, if the date of her marriage as given below is correct, 
that Luc> " w as ohU-r than Anne''. Before the discovery of the Fontaine 
MSS, ii was slated in an account of the Baylor family, written by Dr. 
John koy Baylor, of Newmarket, first published in 1S57 in Meade's Old 
Churches and Families in Virginia (see edition 1900; 11; 404 et seq.), 
thai ii a]jpears from an old paper at Newmarket, the family seat of the 
Baylcjrs' in Caroline County, that John Baylor of Gloucester County was 
iiiarri^ d to Lucy Tt)d (J'Brien of New Kent in 1G9S. Apart from the con- 
clusive evidence afforded by these two entirely independent and appar- 
enti\ authentic sources of information based upon old family records, 
the V, riter has bei'u unable to secure further corroborative evidence from 
the public records of this Baylor-Todd marriage. The sketch of the 
Baylor family in Jileade above referred to, gives the issue of John and 
Lucy'' (Todd) Baylor as two children, Col. John Baylor of Newmarket, 
born May 12, 1705. "and anothir whose fortunes we have no means of 
folL' The Essex family of the same name originate here." 

Tilt writer has recently had the opportunity of examining a manu- 
scni'l history of the Baylor family now (1917) in the possession of a Balti- 
more descendant of Co\. John" Baylor of Ni wmarket, Caroline Ctjunt}', 
l)as( d upon additional notes dictated by Dr. John Roy^'* Baylor, who 
was fourth in descent from John and Lucy'' (Todd) Baylor. This manu- 

serijit reads: "'J'o John Baylor and Lucy his wife, were born three 

children, John born May 12, 1705, at Walkerton in King William County, 
another son whose fortunes we have no means of following, and a daughter 
Frances who tradition says died on her wedding day at the age of seven- 
teen." This family record also states that "John Baylor in 1G9S mar- 
ried a widow named O'Brien of New Kent County, whose maiden name Lucy Tod." (See also the Virginia Magazine VI.; 198, 307, et seq.) 
It i.- learned from this source that John Baylor who married Lucy'' 
Todd was the third of that name in Virginia, his father and grandfather 
having both emigrated to this colony. 

John Baylor, 3d, who married Luey^ Todd, was a prominent planter, 
ship owner and merchant, and amassed a large fortune for that day. He 
lived first in Gloucester which he represented in the House of Burgesses 
in liil)2, and afterwards in King and Queen which he represented in 1718. 
(V'a. i^lag. VI; 198.). The destruction of theTccords of those counties 
niak( s us largely dependent upon family records for information in re- 
gard to him and his descendants. There is complete and authentic in- 
formation in regard to the line of his son Col. John ^ Baylor, 4th, froin 
whom the Baylors of Newmarket, Caroline County, are descended. ( Va. 
Mag. VI; 197 & 317). Nothing certain is known in regard to the daughter 
Fraiiees, who is saiil to have died on her wedding day. There is a record 



1 700-1 eoB 

When a Student at Caius College. Cambridge 


in an old family Bible belonging to the Walker family that John Walker 
of King and Queen County, married a Miss Baylor of Essex Nov. 1735, 
and had issue three children, Baylor, Susannah and Elizabeth Walker. 
(Va. Mag. 4; 358). It is possible she was a daughter of John and Lucy** 
(Todd) Baylor. Dr. John Roy Baylor's statement that there was an- 
other son who became the founder of what he calls the Essex family of 
Baylor, brings up a question as to the ancestry of Col. Robert Baylor 
who was prominent in King and Queen County about the middle of the 
eighteenth century and whose descendants (i. e., the descendants of his 
son Gregory) later attained prominence in Essex. Dr. John Roy Baylor 
while stating that the Essex family was descended from a son of John 
and Lucy'* (Todd) Baylor, also refers to a tradition that this family 
descended from another Robert Baylor, an uncle of John Baylor 3d, 
although this tradition is not credited by him. From a study of the 
available evidence it appears to the writer most probable that the 
Robert Baylor of King and Queen from whom the Essex family is de- 
scended was the yoimger son of John Baylor 3d, and his wife Lucy Todd. 

In addition to tradition, reference in the public records indicate a close 
connection between the family of Col. John Baylor, 3d, of Newmarket, 
and that of Col. Robert ^ Baylor. Col. John'^ Baylor, 4th, under his will 
dated February 19, 1770, appoints together with several other "friends," 
Gregory Baylor [son of Col. Robert Baylor] his executor and the guardian 
of his younger children (Va. Mag. 24, 237). This Gregory Baylor was 
also one of the trustees appointed under an act of the Assembly, 1772, to 
sell certain lands entailed in the heirs of Col. William'^ Todd, [a brother 
of Mrs. Lucy6 (Todd) Baylor! (Henning's Va. Stat. 8, 031-5). Robert 
Baylor and [his wife] Frances were witnesses of a deed, February 5, 1727, 
under v/hich a tract of land in Spotsylvania County was conveyed to the 
heirs of Mrs. Elizabeth^ (Todd) Moore [who was the sister of Mrs. Luey*^ 
(Todd) Baylor.] (.Crozicr's Va. Ree.— Spotsylvania Co. 101). 

In addition to their son John^ and their daughter Frances^, upon the 
above evidence it would seem justifiable to include tentatively among 
the children of John Baylor and his wife Lucy® Todd, Robert'^ Baylor of 
King and Queen County. There does not seem to be sufficient evidence, 
however, to include as another daughter the "Miss Baylor" who mar- 
ried John Walker in 1735, although it is quite possible that she should 
come in here. So much has been written in regard to John^ Baylor, 4th, 
of Newmarket and his descendants, that it seems unnecessary to the 
writer to give more than a brief survey of his line; the reader is referred 
to an excellent account which has already appeared in this Magazine for 
further details. (.Vol. 6, page 198, et seq.; p. 307 et seq.) As but little 
has appeared in regard to Robert^ Baylor and his descendants, it has 
seemed advisable, however, to include all the data obtainable in regard 
to his line, although it must be kept in mind that absolute proof of this 
Robert's descent is lacking. 


Issue of John Baylor and his wife LucyO (Todd) O'Brien (Thomas^ 

Todd.) (Order uncertain.) 

i. John^ Baylor (LucyC, Thomas^ Todd.) According to the manu- 
script history of the Baylor family already referred to he was 
born May 12, 1705 at Walkerton in King William County. 
He was educated in England at Putney Grammar School and 
at Caius College, Cambridge, and married at Yorktown, 
Va., January 2nd 1744, Frances Walker, the daughter of 
Jacob Walker of Elizabeth City County. In 1726 he moved 
to "Newmarket" then in King and Queen County, occupy- 
ing a tract patented by him. In the following year, 1727, 
Cai-oline County, was formed, "Newmarket" lying within 
the bounds of the new county. This John'' Baylor, com- 
monly known as Colonel John Baylor was with Washington 
at Wmchester. He represented Caroline County in the 
House of Burgesses from 1740 to 1705. He is said to have 
spont his winters in Caroline- and his summers in Orange 
County where he owned a tract of over 30,000 acres. In 
1752 he was commissioned Lieutenant of Orange. A por- 
trait painted, when he was a boy of sixteen or seventeen 
while at school in England, is still in existence. The 
writer is fortunate in being able to reproduce a photograph 
of this portrait. Col. Baylor was greatly interested in 
thoroughbred horses, importing many from England. He 
died April 0th 1772. His will dated February 19th 1770, 
proved May 16th, 1772, has been recently published in full 
in this Magazine (24; 307-373). In this will, which is a 
lengthy one, the testator, who refers to himself as John 
Baylor of New Market, disposes of a large estate. 

Issue of John^ Baylor (Lucyt^, Thomas^ Todd) and his wife Frances 

(1) Courtney** Baylor (John^ Baylor; LucyC, Thomas^ Todd). 

She was educated in England at Croyden, Kent. Married 
Jasper Clayton and had four children viz; (a) Arthur'-* 
Clayton who married his cousin Jane Hatley Baylor, (b) 
Baylor^ Clayton, (c) Caroline^ Clayton, (d) Courtney^ 
Baylor who married Harris of Nelson Co. Va. 

(2) Lucy« Baylor (John" Baylor; Luey^, Thomas^ Todd). She 

was educated in England. Married John Armistead. Col. 
George' Armistead who <listinguished himself in the 
defense of Fort MeHenry when Baltimore was attacked 
during the War of 1S12, was a grandson. 

(3) Frances** Baylor (John' Baylor; Lucy'', Thomas-'"' Todd). 

She was educated in England. Married Nicholson. 

Thc^y are saitl to liav e left no issue. 


■ li> 

1 -750-1 aoa 



(4) Elizabeths Baylor (John^ Baylor; Lucy», Thomas''^ Todd). 

She was educated in England. Unmarried. Is said to 
have lived to an advanced age. 

(5) johnS Baylor (John^ Baylor; LucyO, Thomas^ Todd). 
' Born at Newmarket September 4th 1750. Educated at 

Putney Grammar School and at Caius College, Cam- 
bridge. There is a portrait of him in cap and gown taken 
while at Cambridge, which is supposed to have been 
painted by Benjamin West. He inherited "Newmarket." 
He married while in England, at St. Olave's, London, 
Frances Norton of London. She was a daughter of 
Courtney Walker, his mother's sister, and her husband, 
John Norton. He died Feb. 5, 1808. He left is.sue (a) 
John^ Baylor who married Maria Roy, daughter of Mongo 
Roy of Caroline Co. Va. Their descendants own New- 
market, (b) George '■> Baylor who married Miss Lewis 
of Warner Hall. From this marriage the Baylors of 
Petersburg are descended, (c) Lucy^ Baylor who mar- 
ried Horace Upshaw. (d) Louisa^ Baylor, who married 
John H. Upshaw. (e) Courtney" Baylor, who married a 
Miss Fox. (f ) Susanna" Baylor who married John Sutton, 
an Englishman, and had only one son, who died young. 
(6) George« Baylor (John" Baylor; Lucy'', Thomas^ Todd). 
Born at Newmarket January 12th 1752. He was first aid 
to Washington at the battle of Trenton. Col. Baylor 
served throughout the Revolution and commanded a Vir- 
ginia cavalry regiment bearing his name at the battle of 
Yorktown. He married May 30, 1778, Lucy, the daughter 
of Mann Page of Mannsiield near Fredericksburg. They 
Ifft but one child, John Walker^ Baylor who had several 
daughters. Col. George** Baylor died in the Barbadoes 
{7) Walker^ Baylor (John- Baylor; Lucy*'', Thomas^ Todd). 
He was a captain m the Revolution and was wounded at 
Germantown or Brandywine. He married Jane, the 
daughter of Joseph Bledsoe and left several descendnats. 
(8) Robert^ Baylor (John^ Baylor; Lucy'', Thomas''^ Todd). 
He married Miss Gwynne of Gwynne's Island. 

ii. Robert Baylor^. (Lucy", Thomas-' Todd.) On the above 
evidence (see Lucy'' Todd, ante) he is believed to be the son 
of John and Lucy (Todd) Baylor. He appears first Sept. 
10. 1727, wlien a tract of lanil in Spotsylvania County is de- 
scribed as adjoining the land of Robert Baylor and Richard 
Gregory, and again October 5, 1731, describing himself as 
of King and Queen County, as the purchaser with William 

( .,; i; ■( il 


Lea of land in Spotsylvania County. (Crozier's Va. Rue— 
Spotsylvania Co. 100, 120j. Robert^ Baylor \\as a 
Justice of King and Queen County 1727 (Wm. & Mary 
C. Q. 22; 54). It would seem from the following 
evidence that he married t\\ice and had at least five 
children. He is generally referred to as Col. Robert 
Baylor. It is stated in an account of the Morton family 
, _ ^ that George Morton, a Justice of King and Queen, who was 

p ''"'" h^-rn August 17, 1717, and whose will was dated July 8th, 

"'■; ' 1^^5, married October 23rd 1742, Lucy, the daughter of 

Robert and Frances Baylor (see LucyS Baylor post; also \^a. 
Mag. 11; 340; 17; 313). In an account of the Brooke lamily, 
based on family documents, are traced the descendants of a 
Dr. Robert Baylor, who is stated to have been the son of 
Col. Robert Baylor and his wife Hannah Gregory, the daugh- 
ter of Richard Gregory, an Englishman, and it is also stated 
here that this Dr. Robert Baylor married "Mary or Ann 
Whiting" (Va. Mag. Iti; 103.) It would also appear from 
this same sketch of the Brooke family, that this Dr. Robert 
Baylor was probably born some time prior to 1728, as one of 
his children, Frances, is said to have been born in 1749. It 
is also stated in this same account that Col. Robert Baylor 
had a daughter Frances, who married Col. Humphrcv Hill. 
The Spotsylvania County records show that |Dr.] Robert 
Baylor [the son of Col. Robert^] at the time of his death 
[which occurred about 1761 J was possessed of tv>'o tracts of 
land which had descended to him from his brother Richard 
Baylor (Crozier's Va. Rec— Spotsylvania Co.; 221, 226, 
207). Gregory Baylor is generally stated to have been 
another son of Col. Robert Baylor, nor is this to be ques- 
tioned. He was of course named for his mother Hannah 
Gregory. Gregory Baylor and his wife Mary of King and 
Queen County and [his brother Dr.] Robert Baylor and his 
wife Molly of King and Queen, June 2nd 1760. jointly convey 
1000 acres, in Spotsylvania Co. to Henry Chiles (idem. 215), 
[which they had ajjparently inherited jointly). Gregory 
Baylor and George Brooke were executors under the will of 
[Dr.] Robert Baylor, died about 1761, as shown by a Spot- 
sylvania deed, April 13, 1769 (idem 267.). 

The above evidence seems to show that Col. Robert^ 

Baylor had two wives: (1) Frances . Could this have 

been the Frances Baylor who witnessed a Spotsylvania 
deed February 5, 1727? (idem 101): (2) Hannah Gregory, 
the daughter of Richard Gregory. Of Col. Robert^ 
Baylor's children, Lucy«, probably named for his mother 
Lucy*' Todd, is definitely stated to be a child of his wife 

5 liiise 

Uw atii 

L>liu^ a i^i 



Prances. It also seems probable Uiat his other daughter 
Frances** was a child of his wile by the same name. His 
son Robert*^ is stated to have been a child uf HannaJi 
Gregory. His son Gregory*^ was almost certainly a 
child of Hannah, and it also seems most probable that Rich- 
ard** was a child of Hannah and named for his grandfather 
Richard Gregory. Col. Robert'^ Baylor may also have had 
other children. 
Issue of Robert'' Baylor (Lucy*^, Thomas^ Todd) and his 1st wife 
Frances (order uncertain). 

(1) Lucy** Baylor (Robert^ Baylor; Lucy**, Thomas'' Todd). 

Probably born before 1725. Married October 23 1742. 
George Morton, a Justice of the peace of King George 
County, Virginia. His will was dated July 8th 1765. 
Issue (a) John9 (b) George^ (c) Robert'-* (d) Joseph^ (e) 
Prances^ married Hodgeman (Va. Mag. 17, 313). 

(2) Frances* Baylor ^Robert^ Baylor; Lucy**, Thomas^ Todd). 

Married Col. Humphrey Hill. Had issue at least one 
child, Col. Edward'-* Hill, who married his first cousin, 
Prances'* Baylor, the daughter of Dr. Robert** Baylor and 
Molly Brooke, his wife. (Va. Mag. IG, 103). 
Issue of Robert^ Baylor (Lucy''', Thomas^ Todd) and his 2nd wife 
Hannah Gregory (order uncertain). 

(3) Robert** Baylor (Robert^ Baylor; Lucy", Thomas^ Todd). 

Born about 1728. Died between July 29, 1760, when he 
purcha.sed land in Sjjotsylvania County (Crozier's Va. 
Roc; Spotsylvania Co.; 221), and April 6th, 1762, when 
John Semple refers to himself in a deed as the surviving 
partner of Robert Baylor, gentleman, deceased (idem 
226). He is also referred to as Dr. Robert Baylor. In both 
these deeds he is referred to as of King and Queen County. 
There is a reference in the Spotsylvania records in a deed, 
April 13, 1769, to a decree in a King and Queen County 
suit against John Baylor, son and heir of Robert Baylor, 
deceased, Gregory Baylor, and George Brooke, executors 
of the said Robert Baylor, late of King and Queen County, 
gentleman, deceased, defendants, which recites that Rob- 
ert Baylor was in his life time possessed of two tracts in 
Spotsylvania which had descended to him from his 
brother Richard Baylor, deceased, and that Robert Bay- 
lor in his will had directed this land to be sold by his 
executors, viz: his wife Molly (who had renounced), 
Gregory Baylor and George Brooke. It is recited that the 
plaintitTs are Molly Baylor, wife of Robert, and Frances 
Baylor, Molly Baylor, Elizabeth Baylor, Hannah Baylor 
and Ann Baylor, the younger children of Robert Baylor 
deceased (idem. 267). 




The writer on the Brooke family states that Dr. Robert* 
Baylor married Mollie Brooke, a daughter of Humphrey 
Brooke, Sr. of King William County, and his wife Eliza- 
beth Braxton, and had issue John, Mollie, Ann and Frances 
in regard to whom the details found below are given. This 
writer states that the daughter Mollie was born in 1748, 
placing the date of Dr. Robert Baylor's marriage some 
time prior to this. ^'a. Mag. 16; 103). From the Spot- 
sylvania deed and the Brooke family data, we have the 
following in regard to the issue of Robert^ and Mollie 
(Brooke) Baylor; (a) John" Baylor. Captain in Col. 
Georges Baylor's (John" Baylor) Regiment of Horse, 17S0. 
Apparently unmarried. Tradition says that he was killed 
in action, (b) Frances'-' Baylor. Born 174S; died April 
10th, 1802; married her first cousin Col. Edward^ Hill, 
son of Col. Humphrey Hill and her aunt Prances'* (Baylor) 
Hill.— (See Courtney s Hill Family of Virginia.) (c) Mary" 
("Mollie") Baylor. Born about 1747, died August 7th, 
1820; married Col. Benjamin Temple, son of Jeseph and Ami 
, (Arnold) Temple and left descendants (Va. Mag. IS; 89). 
(d) Elizabeth^ Baylor, (e) Hannah'-* Baylor (f ) Ann'-' Bay- 
lor married Sep. 30, 1774, Temple Gwathney of King and 
Queen County, son of Owen and Hannah Gwathnt)', and 
left numerous descendants (idem. IG; 213). 
Gregory^ Baylor. (Rol^ert' Baylor; Lucy«^, Thomas-"' Todd.) 
K. <) Lived in King and Queen County. Married before 1760 

Mary (or Maria) Whiting. Gregory Baylor and his wife 
Mary, Jime 2nd 1760, jointly with Robert Baylor and his 
wife Molly, executed a Spotsylvania Co. deed (See Robert'' 
.. !.^,ii» Baylor ante). In a genealogy of the Robinson family it 

. . ■ is stated that Lucy« the daughter of Gregory Baylor and 

;. his wife Mary Whiting, married May 10th 1788 John Rob- 

,-.-.• insonof King William Co. Va., the son of Henry Robinson, 

and left numerous children. (Va. Mag. 18; 449.) In addi- 
tion to (a) LucyO, there appears to have been at least four 
other children of Gregory Baylor viz: (b) William'-', 
(c) Richard^, (d) Elizabeth^ and (e) Robert^ Baylor.' 
The names of the first three were learned from a letter, 
seen by the writer, dated September 14th 1894, from 
the late William L. Wilson of Virginia to Dr. John 
Roy Baylor. Mr. Wilson writes that he is a grandson of 
Elizabeth Baylor, the daughter of Gregory Baylor, who 
married William Lyne, Jr. of King and Queen. He also 
states that his grandmother had two brothers, William 
Baylor who married a (Lowry.>), and Col. Richard Baylor 
who married (Mrs.?) Garnett, and that they both lived in 




GENEALOGY , . 323 

Jefferson. The manuscript history of the "Newmarket" 
Baylors statca that Gregory** Baylor had a son Robert'-* 
Baylor who married twice and that it was from this Rob- 
ert Baylor that the Baylors of Kinloch, Essex Co. Va. 
sprung . 
(5) Richard^ Baylor. (Robert^ Baylor; Lucy^, Thomas'^ 
Todd) . Living N ovember 1st, 1748, when Robert Stubbe- 
field and Ann his wife conveyed to Richard Baylor of 
King and Queen County merchant, four hundred acres in 
St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania County. (Crozier's Va. 
Rec. — Spotsylvania Co.; 179). This may be one of the 
tracts which the heirs of his brother Robert Baylor con- 
veyed April 13th 17G9, the deed reciting that the land had 
V descended to Robert Baylor from his brother, Richard 
Baylor (idem; 267 & see Robert** Baylor ante). It would 
< appear from this that Richard Baylor** probably died un- 

h married. Nothing further is known in regard to him. 

Yeardley — Flowerdewe — West. 

xMoTEs FROM English Records in Reference to the Yeardley, Flow- 
erdewe AND West Families. Furnished from England at the In- 
stance OF Mr. Griffin C. C.\llahan, Philadelphia, Pa. 

P. R. O. Chancery Proceedings, Charles I. 

Bundle R. 20. No. 22. 

Edmund Rossingham of London, gentleman, plaintiff, 
Ralph Yardley, of London, apothecary. 
[Abstract.! Bill dated 1 March 1629-30. 

The plaintiff shews that he was persuaded by Sir George Yardley to 
a<lventure with him into Virginia, when the said Sir George was governor 
of that i)lantation. He went the more willingly because the said Sir 
George was then married to the sister of the plaintiff's mother. He 
made many journeys into England, Holland & elsewhere on Sir George's 
behalf, and also left with Sir George in Virginia a stock of cattle which 
were of the proper goods of the plaintiff, for all of which he ought to 
have received £400 at least. Nothing was paid during the lifetime of 
Sir George Yardley, & after his death about three years ago in Virginia, 
administration of his estate was granted to his brother, the defendant. 
He utterly declines to make any payment to the plaintiff for the said 
debt. The plaintiff thereupon applied to the Privy Council and was 


.0 M 'I 

it 3 



awarded £200 out of Sir George's estate, which sum the defendant utterly 
refuses to pay. He prays that a writ of subpena may be directed to the 
the said Ralph Yardlcy. 

Answer dated 10 March 1629-30. 

The defendant believes that Sir George Yardley married the sister 
of the plaintiff's mother, but he does not think that he was persuaded 
by Sir George to go to Virginia to assist him in his affairs, but thai he 
went there in the hope of advancing himself by his own endeavours. 
He believes that Sir George employed the plaintiff to sell his tobacco 
in Holland, but he has often heard Sir George complain that he had very 
much prejudiced him in that employment. The plaintiff told this 
defendant that Sir George had paid him £100 for his pains. He d'HS 
n(;t know that the plaintiff ever left any stock of cattle in Virginia with 
Sir George, but about Christmas 1G25, Sir George being then in this de- 
fendant's house in London he heard the pllf. superficially ask Sir George 
how his stock did in Virginia, who said that he had been informed tliat 
his cow had a calf. Whereui^on, the plaintiff' being then indebted to 
this defendant seven pounds for lodging & physic, & estimating that the 
calf might be worth so much, he entreated Sir George to pay this de- 
fendant the said debt in lieu thereof, which he did, though he then 
affirmed that he would by no means have meddled therewith had it not 
l)een that this defendant was his brother. The defendant knows of the 
order made by the Privy Council, but before the said order was entered 
he petitioned to inform the Council of the equity of the cause on behalf 
of Sir George's children — ArgoU, Francis & Elizabeth Yardley, and it 
was agreed between him & the plaintiff' that the plaintiff should prefer 
his bill into this Court. If the plaintiff can prove that the money is 
really owing to him, the defendant will pay it to his uttermost ability. 

P. R. O. 

Chancery Proceedings. Charles I. Bundle R. 63. No. 108. 

Edmond Rossingham of the Inner Temple, London, gen- 
tleman, plaintiff, 


Thomas Knevett of Ashfield Thorpe co. Norfolk, esc|uire, 


[Abstract.) Bill dated 1640. 

The plaintiff shows that in or about the year 1580 Anthony Flower- 
dewe late of Hethersett, co. Norfolk esq, and Martha his wife were 
seized in their demense as of freehold for the term only of their natural 
lives, and the life of the longer liver of them, the reversion or remainder 
ex])ectant to the first son of the said Anthony and to the heirs male of 
such first son, and for want of such issue to the heirs of the body of the 
said Anthony and for want of such issue then to the right heirs of the said 
Anthony, of or in one capital messuage called Thickthorne and divers 


'iL Lru 


other lands, woods, etc., containing about 400 acres being in the town 
& parish of Hethersett aforesaid. The aforesaid Anthony & Martha 
his wife are both dead, and Stanley Flowerdcwe the only son of the said 
Anthony is dead also without direct heirs, so that the aforesaid messuage 
& lands ought to descend to the plaintiff by virtue of the said entail in 
remainder upon the aforesaid Anthiny Flowerdewe and the heirs of his 
body, he being son &: heir of Marie Rossingham the wife of Dyonis 
Rossingham, gentleman, and daughter & heir of the said Anthony Flow- 
erdewe. The plaintiff further shows that Edward Flowerdewe of Stan- 
lield CO. Norfolk, formerly one of the Barons of the Exchequer, being a 
near kinsman of the said Anthony was entrusted by him with all the 
deeds, court rolls & evidences concerning the premises and concerning 
other lands belonging to the said Anthony, for want of which deeds the 
plaintiff although heir in tail to the said messuage & premises, being 
now out of possession, is entirely prevented from recovering the same. 
All the said deeds & evidences have come into the hands of the de- 
fendant, whose grandfather Sir Thomas Knevett was executor to the 
said Edward Flowerdcwe to whom they had been entrusted by the said 

Answer dated the 27th November 1G40. 

The defendant says that he does not know of what lands the plaintiff 
was seised, or whether he is heir to the said messtiage & lands. Neither 
does he know whether his grandfather was executor to Baron Flower- 
dewe, or if the said Baron was entrusted by Anthony Flowerdewe with 
his deeds. But this defendant has in his custody divers evidences & 
deeds which were in the custody of his grandfather Sir Thomas Knevett 
concerning the premises named in the bill, and he believes they formerly 
belonged to the Flowerdews. He is quite willing to deliver the said 
deeds to the plaintiff, as he thinks they may be of much advantage to 
him in clearing his title to the premises in case he shall prove to be the 
heir as is alleged in the bill. 


1534, James Yerdley; 1542, John Yardley, admon.; 1543, Nicholas 
Yardley; 1543, Hugh Yerdley; 1544, Robert Yerdley; 1546, John 
Yardley; 1557, John Yardley; 1557, John Yardeley; 1558, Humphrey 
Yardley; 1559, John Yardley; 1559, Robert Yardley; 15G7, John Yard- 
ley; 1572, Richard Yardeley, admon.; 1577, John Yardeley; 1577, 
Ralph Yardeley; 15S6, Thomas Yardley, admon.; 1588, William 
Yardley, admon.; 1588, Ralph Yardley; 1591, John Yardley; 1592, 
James Yardley; 1592, Henry Yardley, admon.; 1592, John Yard- 
lej', admon.; 1593, Alice Yardeley; 1599, James Yardley, admon.; 
imS, Joan Yardley; 1G09, Ralph Yardley; 1G12, John Yeardley; 1G13, 

'jrij 9d (/} 


Robert Yardley, admon.; 1615, Raphael Yardley; 1623, Ellen Vardly; 
1629, Simon Yardley, vacat.; 1629, Margaret Yardley, Audley; 1629, 
John Yardley, Shuttington, inv.; 1630, William Yardley; 1638, Raphael 
Yardley, admon.; 1640, Robert Yardley, Radford; 1647, John Yardley, 
Wisliaw, admon. 

ExcH. Lay Subsidy. London 


lA. D. 1544.] 

[.\. D. 1542-43.] 123 

Indenture dated the 4th of April 35 Henry VIII, made between the 
Commissioners deputed for executing the first payment of the subsidy 
granted to the King in the 34th year of his reign on the one part and the 
potty collectors of the said subsidy on the other part. 

The Ward of Faringdon Within. 
St. Martin's Parish Within Ludgate. 

John Yardeley in goods 50 li. — 33s. 4d. 

.' " Commissary Court of London. 1595. fol. 258. '. 

Will of Arthur Yardley, of the Parish of St. Martin in the Vintry, mer- 
chant taylor, dated 9 June 1595. 

I leave my goods to be equally divided between Hellen my wife & 
Arthur my son. 

Executrix. My wife Hellen. 

Witnesses. John Bateman, parson of the said parish church & Thomas 

Proved on the 11th of July 1595 by Hellen relict & executrix. 

P. C. C. 08 Leicester. 

Will of Alexander Hickes, Citizen & merchant taylor of London dated 
10 August 1589. 

Mentions his wife Anne Hickes; his sons John, Thomas & Francis; & 
his four daughters. 

Proved on the 25th of August 1589 by the proctor of Anne Hickes, the 
relict & executrix. 

I') limnr 

~ «, 

:/g fit x'\l9biaY niio\_ 


\Q IIjV/ 

,)rw \ '.ypv :;d O' 


P. C. C. wi t;, 

138 Clarke 

^Vill of Richard Hynde, of St. Saviour's, Southwark, citizen & saltcr of 

Lon(k)n, dated 2G November 1625. 

I bec[iKath to my sons John, Richard & William Hynde £40 each. I 
j;ive the residue of my goods to my wife Anne. 

Executrix. My wife Anne. 

Overseers. My friends, Stephen Streete of London, grocer, and 
Ralph Yardley, of London, apothecary. 

Witnesses. Nicholas Kinge, Peter Newsam, scrivener. 

Proved on the 12th of December 1625 by Anne Hynde, relict &■ execu- 

Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series. 
■ "' Committee for Compiounding &c. 1643-1060. 

Part IV. P. 3048. 

Claimant on the Estate of Francis Yardley. 22 Sept. 1652. Raljjh 
Yardley, citizen of London, begs the benefit of the Act of I'ardon. In 
1044, had £560 belonging to Francis Yardley of Virginia, which he paid 
him at Christmas 1644 and got his discharge. The late Commissioners 
at Camden House, on false information of delinciuency against Yardley, 
sent for petitioner to stop the said money in his hands; on answering 
that it was paid, he was dismissed, but lately the present Commission- 
ers of London sitting at the Wardrobe have required him to pay it, 
alleging that it was stopped in his hands, as appears by an entry in the 
late Coinmittee's books. Well remembers that he was not summoned 
before the said Committee till after the money was paid. Begs relief, 
no delinquency being proved against the said Francis Yardley. 

22 Sept. Di-scharged accordingly. 

Will of Samuel Argall, of London, Knight, Dated 23 May 102." 

"Being now prest to serve his Majesty in a voyage intended by sea," 
I bequeath to my three sisters. Lady Filmer, my sister Batherst & Latly 
Fleetwood, £20 each. I bequeath to Anne wife of Samuel Percivall 
of London, chandler, £100. To my r^iece Sara Filmer, my nephews 
Samuel Batherst & Sir Robert Filmer's son, & my niece Katherine Bar- 
ham's son, £10 each. To my friend Richard Fowler, £100. To the 
master & Fraternity of Trinity House, whereof I am a brother, a piece 
of plate with my name & arms upon it. To my friend Nicholas Hawes 
£100 & my sword. To Judeth Buckhurst widow of Thomas Buckhursl, 
late of Stapelherst co. Kent, gent., £40 a year to be paid out of my 
capital messuage & lands called Lowhall in Walthamstowe co. Essex, 
with other bequests. As I am to pay my sister Lady Argall £45 yearly 

'•lo jjtV/ 


out of my manor of Lowhall, 1 will that it shall be paid out C)t' the lands 
lea od to John Benfielder. 1 bequeath to Dorothy Buckhurst, one of 
the daughters of Judeth Buckhurst, & to her direct heirs, certain of 
my lands & tenements })arcel of the demense lands of the said manor 
of Lowhall; and to Anne Buckhurst another daughter of the said Judeth, 
othi r lands & tenements parcel of the said manor. I bequeath to my 
nephew & godson Samuel Argall, son of my brother John Argall esq, & 
to his hfcirs, the manor of Lawehall & the rest of the demense thereof, 
& all other my lands & tenements whatsoever & wheresoever; the said 
Samuel IS under ihe age of 21. 1 am bound to pay my brother John 
Arg;ill £500, at the dcaih of my sister the Lady Argall. I give to the 
afore'-aid Anne Percivall all my lands, tenements & goods in \'irginia. 
I biciueath £10 to the poor of East Sutton co. Kent to be distributed 
by my brother in law Sir Edward Filmer; & £10 to the poor of Wal- 
thauii^towe. 'I'o my servant John Carter £20. To Josias Wroih who 
now attends iipon me £30. To my brother in law Edmond Randolf 
esq. £20. 

Executors. My brother John Argall & my friend Nicholas Hawes. 
If they shall not perform my will within one year, after my death, then 
I appoint the said Edmonde Randolph & Edward Batherst brother to 
Jiidith Buckhurst aforesaid, to be my executors. 

Witnesses. Jo. Brownlowe, Henrie Frowicke junior, Thomas Danies, 
John Barrington, Nath. Commyn. 

. T-roved on the 21st of March 1G25-6 by Nicholas Hawes. Power 
reserved to John Argall. P. C. C. 09 Hale. 
(To be Continued.) 

Johnson of King and Qukic.n', Louis.\, &c. 

The first of this family in Virginia was 

1. Col. Richard' Johnson, of Bilsby, Lincolnshire, England, v.ho 
came to Virginia and settled in what is now King and Queen County. 
Tile e.\act year of his arrival in Virginia is unknown; but in 1()79, as 
"Capt. Richard Johnson" he was living in New Kent (from which King 
and Queen was formed). In 1G80 he was J. P. for New Kent and Captain 
of horse in the militia (Va. Mag. I, 248). He was appointed to the 
Couneil in KiOG and died in 1G98. As the records of New Kent and King 
and Oueen h:iw been destroyed, but few details can be learned in regard 
to him. He e\idently bought land from private owners as he ownetl 
mucii more than that embraced in his one patent. This, dated, (At. 
25, 11)95, and, for some reason unknown, surrendered Oct. 15. 1090, 
granted to Col. Richard Johnson 3285 acres in King and Queen Co.; in 
Pamunkey Neck (now King William Co.) The head-rights were: 
Richard Johnson, Jane Johnson, Richard Johnson, Susanne Johnson, &-c. 
These evidtmtly included Col. Johnson and his children and probably 
his v.ife. 

aMix 8fi£ 

,,,f .T -.o,.» ( ,,^* 


In the absence of contemporary records it is difficult to speak posi- 
tively as to his marriages. Richard Chapman, also a Lincolnshire, who came to Virginia and married Col. Johnson's grand daughter, 
says, in a letter and memorandum book still extant, that Richard John- 
son married a lady in England and by her had a daughter Judith, 
?,ho was educated at a boarding school in Lincoln, and who, about 1700, 
married Sir Hardoff Wastneys. This is confirmed by Burke's "Extinct 
Sr Dormant Baronetage," which says that Sir Hardoff Wastneys mar- 
ried Judith, daughter and heir of Col. Richard Johnson of Bilsby. 

Richard Chapman farther says that Col. Johnson came to Virginia, 

and by a later marriage had several sons and daughters. He intimates 

that there was .some irregularity about this marriage. What was its 

nature does not appear and probably will never be known. At Old 

Church, King and Queen County, is a tomb with the following epitaph: 


Lyeth Interred ye Body Of Susana 

Daughter Of Wm. Dvmcomb Of 

Holbeach In Ye County of Lincoln. Esq. 

and Wife Of Collo. Richard Johnson 

Esq. Who Departed This Life Much 

Lamented The 8th of August Anno 

Domini 1680, Aged Twenty-Two 

Years and Three Months." 

Hen Hen 

^ ***** jacet 


^ Matri gaudium 

Fratri lactitia 

Hilaritas Amicos 

At nimc mortua reddit 

virum moestum 
Matrem lacrymosum 
Fratrem lugubbriem 
triestes amicos 
Ab quid dixi mortua est 

Mens alta spirat 'i;ri« •, 

Quae placide exhuavit." 
Susanna Duncomb could not well have been the mother of Col. John- 
sun's three sons. That there was some irregularity in the marriage 
with the mother of one of them is indicated by an act of Assembly (Hen- 
ing V, 114, &c), which recites that Richard Johnson Esq., late of King 
and Queen Co, by his will dated April S, 1098, left to "one Thomas 
Johnson" a tract of land, 750 acres in the parish of St. John, King Wil- 
liam Co., describing it as all his land in Pamunkey Neck, and also left 
divers lands and hereditaments to Richard and William Johnson, broth- 




ers of the said Thos. Johnson. Tn those days of strict adherence to legal 
U.hrucah :es U was no doubt deemed best not to leave any weak pom 
in an act docking an entail. ^ ^ 

(To be Continued.) 


Werb Family of New Kent County. 

(23) Commodore Thomas Tarlton^ Webb was born June 23 1796 and 
died at Norfolk Va., Apnl 11, 1S53, He entered the United States Navv 
a. midshipman Jan. 1, 1808; was promoted to lieutenant Dec. 19 IS 

^^M^^r^^W^' °' '''- T'^' '" '''^' "^^-donian- 1815-18 dung 
the Algerian War; promoted master-commandant March 8. 1831 and 
Captain March 8, 1841. He married Feb. 28. 1818, Harriet , dau-due 
ol Augustine Davis, of Richmond City. aau.ntci 


Virgmia. born Aug. 1, 1819, married Admiral John Randolph 
Pucker, U. S. N. and C. S. N.; (30) Martha Ann, born Dec 
4 820 married. 1843, John Purccll, of Richmond, \'a ■ 

In '^,\'^;',^"^"''^' ^°'" ^'""- ^' 1822, married Thomas 
Keilly; (32) Wilham Augustus", born July 27. 1824, died D.c 
1, 1881, was an officer U. S. N.; resigned, commissioned In 
lieutenant C. S. N. June 10, 1861. promoted lieut. com- 
mander, commanded with great gallantry the gun-boat 
Jeaser m the action in Hampton Roads, promoted to Com- 
mander May 13, 1863, and on June 17, 1863, commanded the 
Atlanta m Mobile Bay. She grounded, and after being al- 
most shot to pieces by an overwhelming Federal force wa^ 
surrendered, and Commander Webb became a prisoner ' He 
married his cousin Elizabeth Anne Fleming; (33) Lewis 
^\arrlngton^ born Sept. 28. 1826. married (1st) Miss Jami- 
son, daughter of Commodore Jamison, U. S. N (•>nd)"l uc v 
Bigger; (34) Delia Ann, born Nov. 2d, 182* [illecnblei 
married (1st) Richard Sheppard, (2d) Oscar Cranz; (35,' 
George Fleming Sheild, born Feb. 1, 1832, married Miss 
Royall no issue; (36) Mary Randolph, born June 3, 1831 
married Admiral James A. Greer. U. S N 

had ssu'!-''-rp,''''''r'" ''^'■''' ^"^ ^^'^^'^^^^ Ann Fleming his wife 
had issue, ol Heming^, married Mollic Newberry; 52. Elizabeth 
Fleming married John Fitzhugh X^aughan; 53. Mary Rebecca, marrld 
b. O. von Gennmgen; 54. Virginia, married Albert W. Dickens- 55 
^illiam marned Cheatwood; 56. Harriet Coles; 57 Jessie 
married John N. Sevman. ^'-jessic 

maSed mI? ^//'^^'."^°f ^''^'^ had issue: (1st m.) 58. William^ 

Rus S m f '"= ^^- ^"^"^'' ^'^'^ >'°""g' (2d marriage); 60 

RussellS; 61. Lucy married Elias Jones. 


nrfn) Ib-h 


(34) Pleasant Flf.ming^ Webb, was born Dec. 12, 1791, rernovfii 

from Va. to Lowndes Co., Ala., in 1S31, and died . He married 

Francis Fitzhugh Egmon (born July 23, 1794), daughter of Corneliiis 
and Martha (Fitzhugh) Egmon. 

37. Foster Cornelius^; 38. William Fleming*^, born July 
20, 1815, married Elizabeth Mings, and about 1SG6, removed 
to Texas. He had one son William'^ Webb, of Texas; 39. 
' *" Martha Fitzhugh, born Oct. 7, 1817, married (1st) Alexander 

Watson, (2d) Rev. William C. I\larsh; 40. Theodosia 
Cocke, born Sept. 26, 1819, died Oct. 28, 1831; 41. Pleasant 
Fleming^, born March 3, 1821, died aged 17; 40. Sarah 
Elizabeth, born Dec. 9, 1822, married Pugh Haynes, >.>i 
Dallas Co., Ala.; 42. Frances Fitzhugh Egmon, born Aug. 
26, 1824, married George Harmon; 43. Edwin Boyd*^, born 
July 8, 1826, died in infancy; 44. Mary Bickerton, born 
March 15, 1828, married John Robertson, of Lowndes Co.; 
45. Lucy Ami Eldridge, born March 15, 1828, married John 
Tucker, of Collirene, Dallas Co., Ala.; 46. Virginia Anja- 
nctte, born July 16, 1833, married John Coleman, of Hickory 
Grove, Montgomery Co., Ala. 
35. Dr. Foster Cornelius Webb, born in Charles City Co., \'a., 
Jan. 25, 1814, removed with his father to Alabam.a (Lowndes 
Co.), and in 1865, removed to Greenville, Butler County. 
He represented Lowndes Co., in the Alabama House of 
Representatives 1853-54, and in 1855-56 was in the State 
Senate. He married Caroline Eliza Watson, of Lowndes 
Co., (formerly of Dallas Co.), and died April, 1888. 


46. Alexander Fleming^, died unmarried about 1905; 47. 
Ann Caroline, married W. V. Evans; 4S. Dr. Orren Foster", 

died 1895. He married -, (and had issue: (a) Poster 

Cornelius^, of Georgiana, Ala., married Bernice Rhodes; 
(b)' Mrs. Claude Panne; (c) Mrs. Frederick Gafford); 49. 
Ella Theodosia, married James Berney Stanley, of Guen- 
ville, Ala.; 50. Emma Sue, died young. 





The Life of John Marshall. Volume One, 1755- I7SS; Volume Two. 
1789-1801. By Albert J. Be\eridge. Houghton, Mifflm Co, 
Boston aad Ne \v York. 1017. 

Former Senator Albert J. Beveridge's Life of John Marshall di. serves 
much more than the average comment passed on historical works, for it 
is a book of singular importance. Many accounts have been given of the 
formative period of American history — that is from 1787 to 1833 — but 
it is safe to say that Mr. Beveridge's volumes will compel a re-treat- 
ment of the whole subject. 

American history has been more written about than written. Until 
a short time ago the underlying meaning of our history was little appre- 
hended; this is so true that even such a scholarly and admirable work 
as James Ford Rhodes' "History of the United States," finished re- 
cently, too, seems already almost out of date. Now that the fog of 
war, tlie battle smoke of the Confederate conflict, has finally dispersed, 
we are beginning to lind our historical bearings. We are on scientific 
ground at last. 

This fact is evident from the rapidly dwindling importance of the 
slavery issue in the narrative of American life; we see now, as we could 
not see before, that slavery was but a surface phenomenon instead of 
a deeply moving cause. The figures that strut and fret their hour on 
every stage are fast falling into oblivion; the vital few are at last emerg- 
ing in their true proportions. Thus we see that Thomas Jefferson is 
incomparably the greatest figure in American history. Nay more- 
he is the founder of Americanism as we understand it. That Jefferson 
was right in his main dogmas almost the whole world now acknowledges; 
his philosophy is held up as the force that moves the Allies in the present 
war. Where are the opponents of Jefferson — those who maintained that 
the people are not to be trusted with power, that government is the 
function of a specially prepared class? 

But it should be remembered that Jefferson taught two great doctrines, 
which came to have somewhat divergent tendencies — Democracy and 
Stales' Rights. In Jefferson's own South, after the dwindling of his 
immediate influence. Democracy steadily lessened as States' Rights 
grew, until finally the Southern nation came into existence. Our so- 
called Civil War was in reaiily a sLrugs^le of two nations joined in a dual 
re])ublic, and il (.-ndcd in llie defeat of the smaller nation and its incor- 


aH r 


poration in the larger. States' Rights, the means by which the smaller 
nation had conserved its position in the Confederacy, ended in utter 
ruin, but Democracy, which Jefferson exemplified with matchless power, 
continues profoundly to influence the woild in which we live today. 

John Marshall was Jefferson's great antagonist. This was realized 
to a certain extent before the publication of Senator Beveridge's book, 
but the book has clearly and powerfully presented the fact to the world. 
The rivalry of Jeft'erson and Marshall is the main theme in American 
history; the two men are the Ormuzd and Ahriman of our politics; their 
duel is our drama. When Story wrote his Constitutional Law, when 
Webster spoke in thundering tones for the "Union, one and inseparable," 
when Lincoln used armed force against the seceded States, they one and 
all aided in carrying to its logical conclusion the life-work of John Mar- 

Marshall's early career and political associations bred in him a hatred 
of Jeft'erson's easy-going democracy and a. liking for strong government. 
He was anti-states' rights, a nationalist, a eentralizer, an opponent of 
political localism in any form. When he became Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court in 1801, he had already formed certain political concej)- 
tions which were at variance with the terms of the Constitution and 
the spirit of the American people. His position as a mere interpreter 
of the law might have seemed powerless, but Marshall possessed one 
of the most masterful wills in history. By imagination, by initiative, 
by audacity almost unequalled, by crystalline and forceful reasoning, 
Marshall altered the Constitution and the destinies of the American 
peo[)]e. If Adams had not made him Chief Justice in the closing period 
of his reign — if Jefferson could have appointed Spencer Roane instead- 
American history must have been greatly diff-erent from what it is. In 
almost all of the great stresses of history the Bench has bowed to the 
executive will or to popular opinion, but it was all otherwise with Mar- 
shall. Wholly out of sympathy with executive and legislature, he 
nevertheless molded the law as he saw fit; Jefferson and Jefferson's 
Congress were unable to prevail over him. 

It thus happened that Marshall transformed the whole scheme of our 
Union as a Confederation of States having certain definite powers of 
sovereignty; and when the break came in 1861, it was evident that his 
ideas had become the ideas of a great majority of the American people. 
The Southerners, in spite of their far stronger historical case, saw the 
right of secession denied as "treason" by the millions who had come 
under IVlarshall's sway. 

It is not too much to say that Mr. Beveridge has made Marshall a 
great historical personage — has put him in his proper niche in history. 
And besides he has performed the much more diflficult task of trans- 
forming the legal oracle into a human being. With rare skill he turns 
the lining of Marshall's life and shows us the backwoods boy, the soldier, 



9ili io 


the poetic lover, the man of the world, the politician, and, finally, the 
statesman. The two volumes which are yet to come will depict the 
judge, whose decisions have had a greater effect on the life of mankind 
than those of any other justiciar. The work is done with a rigidity and 
depth of research never surpassed in our history-writing. Indeed Mr. 
Beveridge deserves great credit for his mastery of the tools of historical 
research; it is not often that a man who has passed years in active 
public life is able to enter so difficult a field as history-writing and beat 
the professors at their own game. 

There can be no doubt that Mr. Beveridge ranks with the first Amer- 
ican historians. This is true not only as regards research, but also in 
the equally important matter of expression. He understands the art 
as well as the science of history writing. The whole school of American 
historians might profitably learn from him. We have done a good deal 
in this country to advance historical research, but American historians 
know little of the art of history-writing. Our university monographs 
invite yawns for their prosiness as much as they compel admiration for 
their learning. But we read Senator Beveridge's pleasant pages with 
enjoyment as well as increase of knowledge. 

American biography is most particularly afflicted with tiresomeness. 
Our biographies are frequently monumental in their learning, but they 
commonly err either in overwhelming the hero with the scenery and 
stage accessories, or e-lse in dwarfing the world by expanding the dress- 
ing-room details of the hero's life. The latter is much the method of 
Nicolay and Hay's Life of Lincoln, which is sometimes referred to as 
the great American biography. It is in size. 

As a matter of fact there are only two American biographies in which 
exhaustive research is combined with genuine literary art. One is Mr. 
Villard's remarkable book on John Brown, and the other is Mr. Bever- 
idge's Marshall. But Mr. Villard labors under the extreme disadvan- 
tage of having selected an unworthy object for his labors. After the 
long lapse of years John Brown has shrunk in popular interest as Rider 
Haggard's occult character of She shrinks in the fire of eternal life. 
John Brown is seen today as but one of those small and accidental per- 
sonages which derive their whole importance from a brief connection 
with mighty events. 

Mr. Beveridge, on the other hand, has selected a cause instead of an 
occasion. He has taken as a theme the man who is responsible, more 
than any one else, for the consolidated nation of our times. And he has 
drawn his portrait in the grand style. The whole life of the American 
jx-nple in those fateful last years of the eighteenth century is thrown 
on the canvas with a wealth of detail and a splendor of color which no 
otlier American historian has quite managed to equal. Professor 
McMaster has worked in the same field, but no great character domi- 
nates McMaster's narrative as Marshall dominates the present work. 
In fact Mr. Beveridge has performed a rare literary feat — he has pre- 


s. nted the history of a period without overshadowing the man. If 
anything, Marshall stands out the clearer for the vast and vivid back- 
ground behind him. The effect is that of one of Henry Irving's great 
productions of Shakespearian masterpieces, when the actor moved 
amidst splendid stage settings but nevertheless was always the center 
of the scene. 

There can be no doubt that the Life of John Marshall will speedily 
take its place as one of the finest classics in our historical literature. 
Mr. Beveridge has succeeded in writing a great book 


Confederate Literature. — A List of Books and Newsp.\pers, Maps, 
Music, and Miscellaneous Matter Printed in the South 
During the Confederacy, now in the Boston Athenaeum. 
Prepared by Charles N. Baxter and James M. Dearborn, with an 
introduction by James Ford Rhodes. Printed from the income 
of the Robert Charles Billings Fund. The Boston Athenaeum. 
1917. 213 pp. 
At the close of the War Between the States, the trustees of the Boston 
Athenaeum authorized their Committee on Library to make a special 
effort to collect Confederate literature. Through representatives ot 
this committee who came to Richmond soon after its capture, and 
through correspondents in different parts of the South, a large collec- 
tion was brought together, containing not only the official documents 
of the Confederate Government, and of the several States, but also 
tracts, music, maps, broadsides, newspapers and periodicals, and books 
of a miscellaneous character printed in Southern cities during the period 
of the war. The collection is representative of the politics, the religion 
and the education of the South in the four years of war, and is well worthy 
such a volume as this, printed in a superior manner on excellent pa])er, 
with large type and with a generous spacing of titles. The transcrip- 
tion and proofreading of titles have been done with unusual accuracy. 
In the arrangement adopted there is some room for difference of opinion. 
It would have been more in keeping with historical bibliography of this 
nature to have placed the titles of the provisional congress of the Con- 
federate States before, instead of after the titles of the permanent con- 
gress. The use of the two terms Department of Justice, and Judiciary 
Department for the same bureau is confusing (pp. 16, 17). In the list of 
Virginia publications on page 71 appears "Documents Called Session, 
1864," and on page 72 "Documents, Session of 1861-65." A note to the 
effect that these documents belong to one and the same session would 
have prevented some misunderstanding; one group is a list of House 
documents, and the other of Senate documents of the same session. 
In this connection, it is well to observe that there is in the Boston Athen- 
aeum, the largest collection of documents of the session of 1864-65, of 
which the reviewer knows; this session adjourned a short time before 

J Hi 



the capture of the city, and some of the documents may never have been 
printed, or if printed, the supply burned in the general destruction of 
tlie city below Main street. No laws of this session are known to be 
extant, either in printed or manuscript form; nor is any Senate Journal 
known, and the only fragment of the House Journal known is that listed 

\ • on p. 75, containing 9G pagis. 

\, The index has been prepared with care and adds much of value to the 

book. It is to be regretted, however, in so comprehensive a biblio- 
graphy as this, printed in such permanent and serviceable form, that the 
titles were not numbered consecutively, and the references in the index 
made to such numbers, instead of pages. This would have been in keep- 
ing with the best modern bibliographical practice. Few readers will 
disagree with the writer of the introduction, Mr. James Ford Rhodes, 
in his unsympathetic attitude toward those historical students who 

V.)? struggle with manuscript sources, when the identical material is in 

accessible printed form. There would perhaps be fewer of such mis- 
:..niidcd students, if libraries having special collections of books, would 

I*] i follow the example of the Boston Athenaeum, and print their titles in as 

attractive and useful a form as the volume under review. 

E. G. SWEM. 

Six Addresses on the St.\te of Letters and vScience in Virginia. 
Edited b'V A. J. Merkiman. The Stone Printing and Manufac- 
turing Co., Roanoke, \'a. 1917. 

The addresses were in most instances delivered before the Literary 
and Philosophical Society of Hampden-Sidney College between the 
dates 1824 and 1835 They were made by Jonathan P. Cushing, John 
Holt Rice, William Maxwell, Jesse Burton Harrison, James Mercer 
Garnett and Lucian Minor. All of them throw interesting light ofn the 
slate of education in Virginia in the second quarter of the nineteenth 
century, and that of John Holt Rice is particularly important and should 
be read by every person interested in Virginia history. Dr. Rice was 
among the ablest men that have lived in Virginia— a spiritual and intel- 
lectual leader of great force. What he has to say by way of observation 
carries the weight of a singularly strong and ardent mind. 

The editor, Dr. Morrison, has left nothing to be wished in his presenta- 
tion of the addresses; he is indeed an inspired editor. Within the com- 
pass of a comparatively few pages, a deal of information al)Out Hampden- 
Sidney College and the personalities of the speakers is given. The 
trustees of Union Theological Seminary should commission Dr. Morrison 
to write a life of John Holt Rice. No man is better fitted for the task 
ilian Dr. Morrison, and few Virginians are more deserving of a really 
fiuthoritative biography than Dr. Rice. 



t •MM'.rfV 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXV. October, 1917. No. 4. 


From tlie Originals in the Library of Congress. 

VI ■- 



A Coiirto lield the ti' day of May 1626, beinge present 
Sir ffraiuis Wyatt, laiiylit, Goveriior, &c. Capt ffrancis "West, 
Capt Eoger Smith. 

Y't is ordered y't Yiv. Jolm liov»'(l) sliall give securitie to 
V/illiam Upton for ye ])ayment of sixtee pound weiglit of 
yo best mardiantable Tobaeeo at or before the Xth of Novem- 
ber nov.' next enseuinge, Provided y't yf it be proved y't tlie 
dept of fiftie five sliillings tenn pence hath been formerly 
paide to Pu^bert Low [or Lee] Then Mv How to be freely dis- 
charged from the payment of the said weight of Tobaeeo 
Y't ih ordered y't whereas it appeareth by a bill p'duced 

(1) Joliii How«, afterwards a juytiee of Aceomnc HVM, and a inein- 
l)('r of tlio House of Burgesses for that county ]o;;2 ami 16;!2-3 See 
this Magazine, II, 178. 



' •'!» ami' I 


'■' ill Coiirte y't Lewke Adint(2) is indcpted to Peeter Courtney 

' ■ ill the some of six pouiide & fowerteeiie shillings, That tlie 

-^''"' cominge by tlie saiil Lewk Eadt-n in tliat country beinge first 

iua* .1 paid^ the said six pounde fowerteene shalbe next paid out of 

• '*'' ■' the remainder of liis estate 

• ilaye the 5th 1626 

" Nieliobis Comnyn(o) sworne and Examined before the Gov- 

'•'■■' eriior sayeth that lie was in place where Thomas Hitchcock 

■•'■" '' did paye to Mr Thomas Swyfte eight hundred pound weight 

• '" ■ of Tobacco for ye use ol Mv Tlircar'r w'ch was in lewe of his 
' ''■" ' ii'redome, And furtlier sayeth y't he herde when I\Ir Swyfte 
■' • • did tell Mr Threar. that he had receaved the Tobacco of 
; ■' Thomas Ilit.-hcock 

• ■ ' Martin Towner sworne and examined deposeth as mutch as 
Nicholas Comyn on his oath deposed. 

' 'f'i • [246— duplicated no.] 

"**' ' Y't is ordered y't j\Ir Thomas IIor\vood(4) havinge one 

''^''*'"' hundred acres of land dewe to him for the transportation of 

'''•^' him .sell'e and a man servant luimed Jo. Allen into this Coun- 

"•■ ■ trey shall have the said one hundred acres of lande, sytuate 

^ and beinge w'tliin the mouth of Blunt poynte Creeke & 

^- bounded Westerly one the said Blount poynt Creeke & 
Easterlv one a branch of the said Blunt poynt Creeke, 

(2) Luke Adin, or Eilt'ii, was living at Elizal)etli City, I^c))., 162:5. 
Peter Courtney apparently did not live in Virginia. The name looks like 

(3) Nicholas Comyn, Coniin or Comon, lived at "The Plantation 
over against James City," in ll)2.), and was one of (ieorge Sandys' 
servants at the Treasurer's Plantatioji 1024-5. He had come in thb 
Guiffte m 1022. One TJiomas Ilitclieock was living at the Maine near 
Jamestown 102:5, and another on the Eastern Shore at the same time. 
He does not api)ear in tlie Census of 102 4-5. 

(4) Thomas Horwood, or Ihuwood, came to Virginia about 1020 as 
commander of Martin's Hundred. He was member and speaker of the 
House of and member of the Council. lie has many descend- 
ants. See this Magazine, II, IS.'J &c. Blunt Point in AVarwi'ck County 
on James River not far lielow the Warwick Eiver. From 170U to ISOO 
it wus the name of the estate and residence of the Roscoe family and the 
tomb of "William Eo.scoe, gentleman," of Blunt Point, still remaiua 

?i J'Y 


beinge a neck of lande to [so?J measured and bounded ^ 

between the said Creeke & the braneli of the said Creeke 
Pro: IvidedJ y't he plant ye said hind w'thin seaven yeares 
next aiier the date hereof ..., 

James Porter sworne and examined sayeth y't Edwarde 
Eade did covenant to serve i\Ir Robert Gyer(5) five yeeres ^^ 
in Virginia & bound him sclfe servante by takinge six pence 
in money of Mr Gyer to p 'forme the said tyme of service. 
Mr. Hubert Gyer sworne and examined sayeth y't ye tyme of 
ye beyiuinge of Edward Eade liis five yeeres service was to 
beginiie at our La: day now hist past before the date hereof 
and t!iri-eui}pon he gave the said Edward Eade six pence to 
bind hiui servante. 

Y't is ordered y't S'r ffrancis Wyatt,kniglit, Governor &c shall 
liave live hundred acres of lande to liim and his heyres for 
ever dewe unto him for ye Transportation of tenn servants 
and scytuate about a myle belowe Waters Creeke towards ye 
land of Newport's News (6) & abutting esterly one a great 
oake about a quarter of a mile distant from ye land of 
Morice Thompson and thence extending westerlie two hun- 
dred a.'id fyftie j^oles & bounding southerly u})j)on the 
maine river &, northerly uppon the maine lande, Provided y't 
he phint ye same w'thin seaven yeei'cs next after ye date 


Y't i^ ordered w'th the consent of the Courte y't Mr Wm 
Cleybourne shall take upp five hundred acres of land scytu- 

(5) On Nov. 4, 1620, Rol)ert Guyer and others, adventurers, with 
Capt. Chrlstoj)her Lawiie, deceased, petitioned the Virginia (!uriijiany for 
a re<,^r!uit of their former patent for "The Isle of Wi^lits Phniitation. " 
In 162;j-l he and John White wore engaged in a dispute with Capt. John 

(C) Here as elaewliere in tlie early records tlie name of this place is 
written " Newi.ort 's News." The conjectures as to tlio name being 
"Newport Ness" are without foundation. Maurice Tiiompson, an 
eminent London merchant, lived for some time in Virginia. See this 
Magazine, I, ISS &(i. 






ate towardes tlie liead of Blount poynt River and abuttinge 
southerly one the land of John Baynum, extendinge north- 
erhe two hundred & fiftee poles toM-ard.s the head of the said 
river, Provided y't he plant the same w'thin seaven yeeres 
next after the date therof. 

Y't is ordered y't James Parker for y't he hath been heerto- 
fore a well wisher to this colony in bringinge in iiecessarie 
eomodities and servants into tdiis eoinitry as also that he hath 
p'mised to eontinew the like his love and affection to this 
colony shall have his freedome granted him. 
Y't is ordered y't John Southern shall have for ye Trans- 
portation of a man servant in the George ano domini 1622 
named William «oane shall have tlyftie acres of lande to be 
taken upp i]i any ])laee not already taken upp, Provided y't 
he plant uppon the same w'thin this seaven yeeres next en- 
seuinge the date heerof w'eh land tenn acres therof is to be 
taken up in James Cyttie Island & 40 acres at Blunt poynte 
Abraham Porter(7) sworne and examiiied sayeth y't he cam to 
SL-rve Uv. Buck in December ano d'moni 1G22 and sayeth after 
this defendants eominge to Uv Buck's service John Dyers did 
drench Mr Bucks cattle, Mr Buck beinge then livinge 
Y't is ordered y't Mv Kichard Kingsmill (18) ovei'seer to 
Mr Buck's will, slmll pay to S'r ffrancis Wyatt, knight, gov- 
ernor, fortie shillings lawfull english money for a dcpt'dewe 
to John Dyers from Mr Buck, deceased 

[247— duplicated no.] 

A^ Courte held the Vlirth day of May 1G26, beinge present 
.^ r hrancis Wyalt, knight, governor, Capt. ffrancis West 
Capt. Boger Smith, Capt Samuel Matthews, Mr William 

(cS) For note on Rid.ard Kiii-smiU sec this Ma-azino, XIX, L'.'i.l, 2?A. 


.' i>i'>u i» iOi y, 


Whereas Mr lloiiry Soiitlioy(9) arrived in this coimtrey on 
tile good shipp ealed tlie Soiitliauiptoii Alio domini IG'22 w'th 
liis ^\■il'fe aud six eliil^lren and teiiii servants y't is ordered 
y't his heyre Henry Southej' shall have nyiie hundred aeres 
of lai;de and to he taken in any place (not already ehosen and 
taken np) w'th the aprobation of tlie Governor and Connsell. 
■\Yheras Thomas Carter (10) an old Planter hath assio'ucd 
one hundred & fiiftie acres of laud to ^h' Richard Kingswell 
and jiis heyeres, y't is ordei-cd y't Ihe hnndred acres of land 
deVvC to the said Carter for his p'sonall adventure Leinge 
and ol(i planter sfiall renuiin to the said ?.Ir Eichard Kings- 
mill & liis heyres, as also one hundred acres of land uu)re 
made u\er unto him l;>y Capt. IJalph Ilamor by an order of 
Courie dated the xxiiith of January 1G24 w'ch said two 
hundred aeres of lande ye said Eiehard Kingsmill & his 
heyrc^i shall have added to his fformer Pattent of three hun- 
dred aeres laide owt aud begin to be planted by him at 
Archers Hope Provided that he seate and plant uppon the 
same betwixt tliis and the yeere of our Lorde God 1630, or 
also y't it nmy be free for any other to take upp the said two 
hundred acres 

(i)) At a mooting: of tlie Viryjiuia Company, Jan. 16, 1(121, it uaa 
stateil tijat one ]\Ir. Henry Southey, a Somorsotsliire yeutlemau, desired 
a patent I'or a plantation in Yiri;inia, to him and liis assoeiatos, nnder- 
taking to transport one hundrod persons thither (having sent some 
already.) On Jan. 21, the ])atent was granted to "Henry Southey of 
Eompton, Somersetshire." Tlie Vir^^inia diseases almost extinjiuislicd 
his far lily. In IVl)., 1023, "Mrs. Sothey" and "Ann Sotliey " lived 
at James Oit3\ And at the same time it was stated that Henry,' Thoniaa, 
Mary, and Elizabeth Sothoy had died since April, 1022-3. At the 
Census of lfJ2-l-5 Mrs. Hlizabeth Sothey and her daughter Ann were 
living at James City. Tlie daughter Ann married lirst Charles Harmer 
and secondly Nathaniel Littleton. See this Magazine, XVIII, 20, 21. 

(10) This is another instance of omission from the Census of 
162-1-5. An "old planter," he must have come in or before the time 
of Sir Thomas Dale." Thos. Carter living in Virginia before and after 
the Cei.sus does not aj-pear in it. 



V't is ordei-od y^t Sara Ma.yeoek(l]) for fowcr servants 
brought over in tlu> Abi,aill KJ,, „pp„, ^he a<rompt of Mr 
'' ■ bamuell Maycoc-k sIk.II have two kun.hvd acres of lande to be 

|- . taken npp by her in any plaee not formerly taken upp. 

'= ^~ Jolin Sontliern sworne and .^xalnined saveth y't John Dyers 
now deceased eamt- unto Jiini f.n- to malce him this ch-'T)oiu.ut 
and requested him for to him a bill for fortie six .hillin-^s 
oi-ht penee w'eh Mr Ki.-hard Buck, n.inister, deceased did 
.. , owe Inm, at whose request this deponent did wri-^ht the said 
I'lll ior Inm, And further this deponent sayeth y't John 
):.ers when he iu.d the Bill went w'lh it to Mi- Bucks to haye 
''•^ I'aiiue unto it, & ])rcsciitly after the said John Dvers eame 
»ac.:e apm to this dcp'ts bowse and then requested liim to 
J^^ope the said bill untill ho cam to Towne a^aine, savin^e 
y t he had eouu- at Mr iiuek's bowse but eould not speake 
w th Inm ^ 

J<hn Jaeksone bci„<,o one of the Oardians of Mr Buck's 
.^luldrcn amrmeth y't he ],ath seen the said Jolni Tyers about 
^r Bu^-ks cattle pown ( pound] but what worke he did unto 
ih^ni he ki.ou-etb not, l,nt he well knoweth v't he w.^ ; one 
tliat di.l drench and luoke to cattle about the Towne. .V-, further 
be sayeth y't he herde Mary Landrnm save y't she herde John 
Dyers say y't Mr Buck did owe him some rooncv 
Y't IS or<lered y't Mr Swinbo^, is ('cad and 
Ru- Smallwoo.l in no way prepared to pallizado Doctor ]'ott 
his bowse according to Mr Swinbow his <-ovcnent y't the 
b.nallwood shall pay to Do.-tur b'.at towai-ds th.^ Vdli-i 
<1(Mrge of the said bowse one b.nidrcd ponnde wei-bt of -ood 
nierchantal)le Tol;aeco 

ni what M.s calloa "Mastor Maic-oc-k'. l)ivi, c U '' I„ , Vltti ! ? 


Y't is ordered y't Adam Dixsoiie sliall have for y't trans- 
Ijortatiou of him selfe, Agnes his wicfe, Elizal)et.h his daugh- 
ter & John IMartiii his servant as appeareth in the list of 
passengers in The IMargarett and John two iinndrcd acres of 
lande in any phiee not allreadie taken npp, Pi'ovided y't lie 
seate and plant nppon the same w'thin seaven yeeres or ells 
it shalbe free for any other to take upp ye same 

[248— duplicate No.] 

A Courte held the 4tli of June Id-G beinge present S'r George 
Yardley, knight, Governor and Capt. geneiall cce, Cant 
ffraneis AVest, Doeter l^tt, Gapt Smith. 

At this eourte Thomas IIayk'(12) aged 21 yeeres being ye 
sone of Symon llayle of the p'sh of Set. ilary, SumerKctt, 
in Lonck)n, Porter, was indiete;! and aianger uppon ye 
severall indictments for ye rai)e and ra\-isument of fewer 
Mayden children for w'ch his olience he was found guilty by 
the judge and had Judgment of death pronounced against 
him aceordinge to the \n\yc. The examiimcons and proceed- 
ings vvliLiof remaine in rt'cord at large 

Also at ihis Gourte C'liarh's ilaxcy for an olLencc by liim 
comitted unto Dorothie llai'ris liie dauglder of John lia.rris 
aged seaven .^'eeres or theraliouts. as by the examinacon of 
Dorothea Harris mother to the said Doruthie and herself ap- 

Y't is at this Gourte ordered y't the said Gharles T.Iaxoy 
for y't his oll'eJice shall do execution upp(jn the bod\e of 
Thoums Haj'le, nov/ condcmpncd at this Gourte, after -w'ch 
execution To be whipt heere at James Gyttie And after that 
to be V, hipped at Shirley Hundred where he connnitted the 
oft'enee (/or example to otiiers) 

(12) Thomas Hale or Ilayle, aj^od 20, who came on tlie George, 
October, 1G2:J, \\as a sorviuit of Koliert Partiii at West & Shirley 
Iluiulred 1G24-5. In 1G2(J John Harris owned 100 acres in the Cor- 
l)oration of Charles City. In 1U2;], he with his wife Dorothy and two 
children lived at We-,t k Shirley Hundred; but their names do not appear 
in the Census of 1G24-5. 



'(.; fflirf 



At this Coiirte John Shelley (13) and Natlianiell ffloyde for 
.stealinge away a niaiJe sei-vaiit from Capt. It'rancis AVest were 
censured to .sitt two liowers in the stocks aiul each of them to 
paye 200 wei-ht of T(;ljacc(j to be ymployed to puljlicke nses 
and to re:.tore and dclivee hack tlie ;.aide maide servant a<xain 
to Capt. Av'tli all coiiveiiieut speede at their further 
p'ill [peril J fiom vduMiee they stole her away. 

, ^^ r^49.T 

Y't is also orderetl y't wheras Dorothie Harris ye daughter 
of John Harris hath formerly been eorected by her motlier 
for y't her fault a;jd foi- y't thei'e appcarcth in her a signe 
of more grace and gricfe for her offence, y't is ordered y't 
her mi/ihei- ^;hall corect her once more for such her fault. 
And y't Ann Ushci' and Avis l^nti)i shalbe openly whii^ped in 
the forte at Jameii Cytiie for theire ofl'ence not exeedinge 
fortie Etripes. 

Y't is ordered y't i\rr AViU'm Fcrrar shall take the examina- 
cous of the wiefe of Kobert Partin at the how>,e of John 
Collins and her maide and goodwife Blaekmau and y't j\Ir 
Feri'ar send exanauations down to the Governor and 
(Jouiu;ell at James Cyttie with the first convenience 
[End of the Volume.] 

[The next volume has the following on a partially torn 
title-page :] 

A Courte Book 
begunne the xxiii the 
daye of Julye 
[And lower on the page:] 
The 4th January 36 * * * * * 
there was a Avager betwixt * * * * * 

* * * Capt. John Martin that he * * * 

* * * one hundred inhabitants * * * 

(i;;) Jolin Bliellcy, aj^vil 2:1, who tame in tlie Bona Nova, and 
Natliuiiicl Floiil, aged 21, who i-arne in the .same ship, wero aiiion^' "tlie 
iLilv/ard Rlayiicy's men" over tiie water from Jamt-stown Ui24-5."p]oyd 
o..-cui)ica some of the land of Capt. Samuel Matthews in AVarwick 



*■ [Original unminibered— 1.] . • ' 

A eouvic held the 2Sth daye of Julye 1626, present S'r George 
Yardl-y, knight, Gouv * * * * *, Capt. AVest, Doctor Pott, 
Capt Siiuth, Capt. * * * * and :Mr William Cleybourne. 

1. Y't I'i ordered y't there he a proehunatione puhlished that 
Lippoii tiie arrival of any sliipp or sliipps before some that 
are especially aatliorized have been abourde, least y't by any 
forraine Enemy, w'eh M'e nuist now daylie expect, there be 
some Mirpryse whereby there may be nnich danger and in- 
convenience happen to tlie Colonye. [Some words have evi- 
dently lieen omitted in this order. It is intended to forbid 
any one going aboard newly arrived ships until some one 
prop(M!y autboi'ized has done so.] 

2. Also tluit there be a Prochunation published enioyne all 
mastei'S of shipps not to breake l)ulke before they come to 
James ('yttie, w'thout specyall leave from the Governor & 
Counce-ll for that purpose. 

'i. Y't is ordered that a commissione be granted to Capt. 
John Stone to trade w'tli those Indyans one the Easterne 
Shore, w'eh Capt Epps shall enforme him to be our friendes, 
ej'ther for eorne furrs or anj' other Comodities, Provided he 
exceeds not the ordinance rate for eorne. 
4. Y't is ordered y't a prochnnatione l)e sent to every plan- 
tatione that the comander and Church wardens thcrof do 
take a list vt ti;e naiiics of men. wumcn and cliiKht-n in 
theire .-.■•.crall i"iaris]ies. a^id do see y't the service of Gud be 
dewly p 'formed and yf any be fouml delin(juent to be pun- 
ished accordinge to the statute in y't case p'vided by ye 
general assembly. 

5. And that whosoever cometh w'thout his amies fixed and 
in good order shall receave the like punishment as yf he had 
staide away, and that every m'n of a faniilie cale his people 
together to prayer Twyse, or once a daye at the least, and 
that a list of all delinquents Ijc given upp to the Governor 
and Councell at every quarter eourte 





6. Y't is ordered y't a proelamatione be renewed concern- 
inge privatt parley Av'tli the Indyaiis. 

7. Y't is ordered y't the proelamatione againste drunkenness 
and swearinge be renewed, and that two sworne men be 
chosen in every Plantatione to give informatione of such as 
shall oit'ende that they may reeeave punishment aeeordinge to 
the act of ye gvnerall assembly, And also that the Comander 
of every Plantation be very cai'efiiU that no p'sone of evill 
Government do buy any greate (juantitie of wyne, or yf they 
shidl soe have done w"1hont his kuov/ledg and comitt any 
di u}-dey Then shalbe lawfull for him to take it from tliem 
and to cawse them spende it moi'e moderately 

A Cowrie held the 7th ^i 8th dayes of Auguste 1G2G being 
pii'.i'ut .S"r (ieorge Yjirdley, knight. Governor &n% Doetor 
P(.tt. Capt. Smith, ('apt Mathewes, I\Ir Abraham Persie, Capt. 
Tucker, Uv AVm Ferrar 

1. Y't is oi'dered y't no planter shall remove from ye plan- 
tatione wheron he is seated, To se:;t him seli'e uppon any 
other w'thout sp(M-y;dl consent from the Govenuii' and S(mie 
p'te of the Councell uppon iMMialtie and forfecture of ;500 
li. v/eight of Tobacco to be paide unto the publitjue Treasury, 
a;id to returne and seat himselfe uppon his former Planta- 
tione yf the Governor & Councell shall tliinke it titt. 

And that no p'sone uppon any pretext or couler of his privat 
oceasiones sliall absent liim sell from his plantatione w'thout 
coirsent and approl'iitione of the comander of the Plantatione 
upi'on paine and foriVctnre of 25 li. of Tobacco for every 24 
h(»\cers absence 

2. Wheras dohn Joyse -ei'vant to Ensign il['raneis Epps 
havinge lately I'unne away fium his m 'r mIio carved av/ay 
w'lh him two snaiicliance pieces w'th powder and ^:hott, 
together w'th a canov,- w'ch in li!:e'r he stole away from 
Symou Sturgis, was heeiv attaehed at dames Cyttic, and 
beinge l)rought before the Governor and ('oinicell after two 
examinations of the cause of his runnange awaye {,] y't 


aijcretli by tlie Testimony of Grevell Pooly, uiiiiister, and 
Synion Sturgis, The saide John Joyse had no other cause 
eyther for coreetione, want of victualls or any other canse 
wherof lie hath compla.yned but that tliis acte of his liath 
p "ceded from a stubborne and ill despositione of him selfe, 
antl not b\' any iust oeasione offered by liis m'r. 

2. Y't is thernppon ordered y't saide John Joyse for this ]iis 
ofi'enee shalbe severly wliijjt, and to reeeave thirty stripes, 
and shalbe retonrned npp aji'aine into the hands of liis m'r, 
and .sha.ll ser\'e out his tyme w'th him, and lialfe a ycere 
more. Ai the expii'atione wherof his m'r shall deliver him to 
the Govcruor and Couneell to serve the Colonye at the dis- 
I)using-e of the Governor and Couneell for live yeerrs or as 
tlie.y shall otherwyse determine therof. 

o. Y't i>. furtlu'i' oriK'i'ed that shalbe insertetl into the Procla- 
nuitioiu^ to be sent downe to Kit-kotan againste breakinge 
bulke, ''i'hat no p'sone whatsoever shall putt awaye any 
servants that shalbe Trausported over before the Governor 
and Coiiiucll are lirst made aiMpiainted therewith. 
4. Y't is ordered that a eommissioue he granted by tlie Gov- 
ernor to ('apt. Tueker, That uppon the ar'vall of any shipp 
or shipi's. he fourth w'lh ma.n out a light shallopp fitted 
with ma ti! sayle and oares w'tli a sufficient iiumber of good 
sliott, and so to goe fourth as farr as ])oynt Comfort or 
fourther, so that he tlo not engage hims(lf & his company 
but allways to Icei'pe the winde of them till he liath made 
a full diiioveiy of them, and yf they i)ro\'e Enemyes Then 
lie shall retoui'ue w'th all speede, and give the alarm to 
the Plaiitatione tluit they may p'vide for theire owne safety, 
& yf ffrieiids. Then to go abonrde ami ])ublish such proelama- 
tiones & instructions as he shall reeeeve from the Governor 
and Couneell. 

f), Y't is (u-dercd that the Governor w'th his best convcniency 
shall gi\'e commission to s(nne iSufficyent man in every Flan- 
tatione foi- the comand and Government therof 

■*t-"T-i TR 




6. Y't is ordered y't the Proclamation againste druukeness 
and sweariiige islialbe in force aceordijige to the act of assem- 
bly (14) w'th an aditione of givinge bonde to their good be- 

7. Y't in ordered y't whera.s the Governor is to take a general! 
j rmi.ster(15) tlirouwout the Colony, aecordinge to the Lords of 

his Lla'ties nio;.t llon'ble prive Couneell, That yo*' (iovernor 
, , sliall supi)lie liim selfe in all places goiiige iipp and downe 

v.\h a suiiicyent number of men and boats. 

8. Y't is ordered that an order be sent to the comander of 
every Plantatione y't aecordinge to the aete of ye late Gen- 
erall Assend)ly, some decent house or fittinge roome be erected 
and builte for the service of God in theire severall Planta- 
tiones and y't it be scfiuestered for that purjiose only and 
not for any other use or purpose w'tsoever. Likewise y't a 
place be stronglie paled or fenced for the buriall of the 
dead and these things to be eai'cfully accomplished in all 
places by our Lady day now next ensuing(% and for de- 
fault therof eveiy Plantatione; to i)aye five lunulrcd pound 
weight of Tobacco to the publique Threasurer. 

9. Y't is ordered y't aecordinge to another act of ye Lite 
generall assembly, There be an uniformitie in our churdi 
]:ept as neae as may be to the Canons of England both in .sub- 
stance and circumstance, and y't all p'sones yield dew obedi- 
ence to them uppon paine of censure 

10. Y't is ordered aecordinge to another acte of ye late 
generall assembly, That the XXIUh day of March (16) be 
yeerly Solemnized as holy day and all hollidays except Avheii 
tliere fall two together betwixt the ffeast of the Annuncia- 
tion of the Vii'gin Mary and Set Michaell the Ardiangell 
then but one to be kept in regard of our necessities. 

" (W) Tiie~As^'mhly~Teferred to" was tliat of Maieh, 1G23-4. 
[lleniiig, I, 121-129.] 

(15) So far as is known the returns of tlie census to lie taken under 
tiiib order lu'ne not l)eea preserved. It was stated in 1(J2S tlint there 
were 3,000 people in tlie Colony (Va. Mtuj. Hist. & Biol, XVIT, ?,), and 
in 16.30 Governor Harvey estimated there were upwards of 2,500 (ib. 
YIT, 381). 

(16) Tills was, of eour;e, to eoninieniorate the yreat Indian 


ll JilSllJJ «)(J ' ^tX'V lo 


[6.] ■ ' -■^' : ■ ^"^ 

11. Y't is ordered y't yeerly after every harvest when the 
minister is to receave his meanes(17) of his p'rishioners that 
all luen do bringe siieh payments as the[y] are to make unto 
him, to the eomanders liowse of the Phintatione who sliall 
see y't ye same shalbe of the best sorte, or otherwise to be 
biirnte before theire faees and the p'tie forced to paye of the 
very besl. 

12. Y't is ordered aeeordinge to an act of ye late generall 
assembly y't there shalbe courtes kei)t monthly at Charles 
hundred and Elizabeth Cyttie for the tleterniininge of pettie 
controversies not exeeedinge tlie valeiie of 200 li. of Tobaeco 
and for punishinge of pettie (^fi'enees w"th reservation of 
apj)eals after sentenee. To the (Joverncjr & CovuK'ell and 
whosoever shall appeale and shalbe there easte in suite, shall 
pay douljle damages Sentejiee to be given in those eouuties by 
the maior f major] p'ties. 

Comiuissioners nominated for Elizabeth Cyttie Couites 
Capt. Tucker(18) Capt. Martin, JMr Jonas Stogden, Lieut. 
Purfrey, Mr Edv/ard Waters, Ur Jolin Baynum, J\rr Salford, 
Commissioners for the U{")per p'ties, ]\Ir "William Ferrar(19), 

(17) 'i'!'is sliuws tliat diiiliiL,' the early eoloiiiul j-orioil, iiiiniLiti.n-.s, 
like tho.;e of the Church of Euylaiul, \Yero entitle<l to tithes. In lu.'JS 
an aet requiring: tithes of i-iihes, kids ami I'i'.;;-', reii;';>k\l. After 
this their salaries, j^lelie, fees, etc., were in lieu of all tit lies. 

(IS) Notes on Capt. Wni. Tucker, C^ajit. ,]ol:n Martin, Rev. Jonas 
Stogden, oi- Stockdeii, Thomas I'urfro}-, or Purefoy, ami Eihvard Waters 
have heei. ]iuldis]ied in tiiis Jd;i,'4azine. "Mr. Jolin Baynum," or Hayn- 
Imia, a;.; el 54 years, ^vho oame iii the Susan in IGIO, and Elizal-eth 
Ii,;uum, a . d 415, v.ho eame in the L' Xaca 1G20, were livinn^, together 
with sev(i.:l of their servants, in Eli/ahetli City H;i!4-5. "Mr. Roi.ert 
Salford," a'>ed 56, who came in tlie JaJin and Francis IGll, Jolm 
S: Ifoid, a<:.eii 24, who came in the George, 161(3, and Mary Salford, ai;ed 
24, wlio came in t!;e Bona Nuvii, 1620, together with tlieir two 
men-servants, lived at Elizabeth City 1624-;"). 

(19) Notes oji Eerrar, or Earrar, I'avdett, Eppos and Harris, have 
been printed in this :Ma.;;azine. NatJianiel Cawsey, who cauie in the 
Pluicnix, 1G07, and his wife Thomasine, who came in the Ljion, 1(!()9, 
Avith theii- live servants live.l at Jordan's Journey lG24-r). His idauta- 
tiun was n.-mied Causey's Care, or Cave. He was a niemher of the 
House of Buroesses Jilarch 162."{-4. In l(>'^^) Governor Harvey prantcnl 
to ThonuH Causey luO in the neif^hhorhood where Nathaniel Causey, 
or Causy, had lived. He \\as ]irol>al)ly a son. Eiisi<;ii Isaac Chaplain, 
wi;o came in the Starr, 1610; Mary his wife, who came in the James, 
1622, and John Cliaplain, "his kin-man," ageJ 15 years, wlio came in 
the James, lived in 1624-5, at Chaplain's Choice, in the present Prince 
George County. Isaac Chaplain was a memljer of the House of Bur- 
gesses March, 162;i-24. 




Mr. Thomas Pawlett, Ensign Ei)ps, Ensign Chaplen, Ur 
Cawsey, Thomas Harris. 

]o. Y't is ordered y't the montldie eourtes to be kept above 
Persies hundred, slialbe kept at the diseretione of Mr Wm 
Forrar one of his Ma 'ties Counsell of state either at Jonnhaies 
Journey or ShiHey Inmdred 

11. Y't is oi'dered y't aecordinge to the aet of the late generall 
assembly, That no man goe or .send abroatle either uppon 
fi'owlinge, fhshinge or otherwise w'tosoever w'thout sulTieyent 
p'tie of men well armed and provided of nuuntione, uppon 
peualtie of undergoiiige severe eensure of purdshment by 
the Governor and C'ouneell. 

If). Y't is ordered aeeordiiige to the saide assembly that noe 
man in tlie Colony goe out to his worke *i: hdjor w'thout 
Ihoire armes & a eertinell uppon them 

16. Y't is ordered aeeoi-dinge to tlie said generall assembly 
that the eomanders of every IMantatione, take eare that there 
be suriieyerd of powder and nnuiilione w'thin ye Plantatione 
under Jiis eomande and theire peeees tixt and tiieire armes 

17. Y't is ordered y't there be dewe wateh kept by nyght in 
all plaees and Plantations throw out the Colonye, The neglect 
wherof to be punished at the diseretione of the Comander 

18. That no Comander of any Plantatione do either himselfe 
or suffer others to expend powder unnecessarily in drinkinge 
]]ntertayinnents or the like, up])on paine of lUKlergoinge such 
eensure as by the Governor and Councell shalbe inflicted, and 
the eonunider to give informatione to ye Governor and Coun- 
cell of all such as shall therin ofende, uppon penaltie of be- 
inge censured by the Governor and Councell him selfe 

19. Y't is ordered y't the whole Bodie of the Councell shall 
meete together at James Cyttie for the managing of the 
Publique service of the Colony, (puirterly as followeth 
(vidlet) The :\ronday scmught next aftei- the ffcast of Set 
?.Iic!uu^ll, The Moudaye seinnght next after the feast of the 

i; 'I i!)-//',>H ■ . •■ 

lit * / ii'n-jb'i'j fii J'7 Tf 


nativitie of Christ, The ]\Ionday semiiglit next after the As- 
sumption of the Virgin Mary, And ye Monday sennight after 
ya feast of St John Baptist. 
[Order 20 omitted in record.] 

21. Y't is further ordered y't there be a Proelamatione pub- 
lished tiiro\vout the Colony That noe persone w'tsoever unles 
those eliosen p'sones shall go abourde any sJiipp or shipps 
aiivinge in this Colonic w'thoiit leave of the Governor or 
any two of the Councell uppon ])aine of censure, nor to 
bring any coinodities w'tsoever either abourde or ashore 
u])poji penaltie to forfeit the goodes so brought and to pay 
500 li. weight of Tobacco into the Publique Treasury. 

22. Y't is also ordered y't uppon every holiday y't is to be 
kept and solemnized as holiday. The Comander of every IMan- 
tation do drawe his men together in amies and to exereyse 
and drill tliem, wherby they maj^ be made more fitt for ser- 
vice uppon any occasione. 

(To be continued.) 

T :!;•!<•>■((•<! ;-, ',. I,i', . * 

10 -invfiVL 

/iitfji'n i>d 



(Prom his Letter Book on the Collection of the Virginia 
Historical Society) 


To Arthur North 

Virg'a Xba- ye 11 'th 1688 

Yo.-'rs p Tregany & BracUy I rec'd though that p East not 
yctt come to Hand nor ]iiy Goods from Bradly, I hope wee 
^liall give him a reasonal»le dispatch, although Tob'o proves 
as bad this year as ever kuowne being generally hous burnt 
or Sweat so much that its Husky, i\Iy last to you by Allen 
I tind you had not rcc'd w'th m'r Giles AVebbs ree't for £200 
but I hear Allen was safely arrived in the "West of England, 
ere those ships come a^vay, so I suppose the rec:'t may com.e 
safe. Inclosed is a bill of Ex:'ca from Giles AVcbb charged 
on your selfe for 100 St :'g w :'ch I hope you'l give mee Creditt 
for, Giles telling mee hee had advice from his Bro : to draw 
on you & hath Showne mee his Bro: Letter wh(>re hee 
promiseth him itt shall l;ce p'd All I gett by itt is to Serve 
yo:'r friciid so I hope I may not suiter by itt, Aly humble 
service to all our friends, tell Tom Gower his Bro: Abi>ll is 
Dead, & please to acquaint m'r Bassauo & m'r Ilcrjuir I 
shall not bee \nim.indfull of their businesse 
l'rote:,t come apace on E V> theivfore if you have anything to 
S;'y its time to Looke out, l^Iy Avife (who hath been ill ;,ome 
moneths^ give her service to your selfe & good m'rs North 
& So doth 


Yo'r fr'd & Serv't 
To m'r Arthur North W B 

p Wynne 

i -rm i6 

A oT 


T.-0(! I itirf 
-lit :»•(•. 

•1'>K •(')({ f) 

»iui^/V 4 


To Perry AND Lane (lu/'k .-Ui i 5 

Virginia Xb'r y'e ll'th IGSfJ i,,,,. 

Tliis aeeompanys Cap't Wynne \v:'th 36 11 'ds Tobacco as .■,,,, 
]} inclosed bill of ladeing he hatk prouiised me to take in two 
li.):\ls of Fnrres & skins and to give M'r Perry bills of 
L;i(leing for them who will inclose y'm to you I have put rk:,'\\ 
fM) Il'ds of Tobacco on board Brome & truly he hath been 
wry nulvind liaveing promised me any time this i^ year to ,. 

liike me in 4 11 \ls of skins & hath now left y'm all out as to 
Crops we had y'e mostt promising this year I ever knew but ; 

was generally Spoiled by some thicke close weather in 7'br 
soe that now Tobacco is (for y'e greatest part) either House 
burnt or hath sweat so much that its become (as you call it) 
Husky though I dare say y't if mine on board Winne and 
Brome will not pass for good you must expect none this yeare 
either from Virginia or Maryland w'eh has made as bad 
Tobacco this year as we They have had an assembly lately 
ill iMaryhuul about Bulk for w'eh of late my Lord Baltimore 
hiith sent orders but what they have done 1 know not 
A\'e were all surprized on Wynns ari-ivall w'th acco'ts from 
Barbados where we find all our effects sent thither (after soe 
Long ex[>ectation of aeeo'ts) comes to just nothing Wynn I 
hiid hatli Charged bills for iL'2A(j st'g on my acco'ts w'eh I ^ 

hope you will pay however our hard j\Ieasure Our firest { 

AVinds[ ■] coming to soe little in Barbailos we could wish ;. 

he luul bought y'e lastt hither I am shure they would have 
yeilded a double price to what we can now expect, (goods I 
desire fjom Barbados are 1600 Gall'ns Rum 4000 1. Muse: 
Siig:'r ab't 2't Loaf Sug'r) [written on margin.] Wynne 
saitli he saw M'r Dalby Thomas on y'e Exchange a day or 
two befoi-e he eome away and that he told him of his readi- 
nesse to saih* and ]\I 'r Thomas told him he had no business 
only wished him a good Voyadg where y'e fault ly(\s 1 know 
not but i1 appeares there was a grosse error some where, what 
to doe now w'th y'e ship we know not, some propose she 


')t«l vidi 

■Jt'tr. 'Jr.O\{U i\\ ^iii^M |.»<>i> 


tiii '{'vr/ 

li.i bail '..U 

uh ^. 


should saile Round by Ireland whilest others think she had 

better saile directly to Barbados w'th Letters of Creditt or 

pec 8/8 either I am contended witii and Leave it to you whate 

i. you judg mostt sensible all y'e p'es concerned seem much 

i di.ssatisfied w'th M'r Thomas & Sadlier as I suppose you 

\'. ill heare more at Lar^e from others therefore if Wynne 
comes by I shall desire these goods in y'e ilargent 

.>'.| ',-;r 8c refer y'e Method wlioly to yo'r selves who liaveing rec'd 

■V'l, a'ivice from all y'e p'tys concerned may Act accordingly 
,..!(; Yo'rs by Endjerly Hall & Bradley latel}' come to hand but 
have not yett rec'd y'e goods I shall indeavour vrhat may 
bo Halls dispatch of w"ch I think there is no question of 
^v'ether P'mitt though Tobb. being generally so bad occasions 
some ditiiculty Jack Wynn complaines that he is denyed y'e 
previledge of a Tun freight w'ch is allowed to all Mas'ters of 
small Vessells I told him I knew nothing of it but if itts his 
due I am contended to allow it he alsoe tells me of 1. 23 stg 

Tf. \ mony charged to him w'ch should a been Charg y'e owners 
and would p'suade me that he must have 1. 46 sd money for 
it but his discourse is not alwaj's to clear as to me to be 
intelligable so in y'e name by liis consent we have refered 
it to M'r Per'r [ Peter f) Perry to whome he hath promised 
to produce all his papers w'ch he had not here w'th him 
I have charged on y'ou 1. G5 to Wynne for freight w'ch I 
desire you to pay inclosed is Mr Ed : Braines on your selves 
for 1. 24 w'ch I hope youle give me Creditt for By y'e firestt 
opportunity I desire you to send me 20 lb of Grape shot w'ch 

\ I fear I shall want also some malt w'ch you or I forgott 

My service to all friends my blessing to y'e Child "n with 
best respects and service to good Mrs Perry Mr Kich'd and 
please accept y'e same from 

Your friend & servant 
W B 
Duplicate. One sent p Wynne & one p Brome 
To Mess : 'rs Perry & Lane 


Yirg'a Jan'ry y'e 23' th 1688 

This serves onely to accompany the James, Cap't Emberly 
by whom have Sent yo'u 2 11 'ds ffurs & skins as p bill of 
Ladeing *5c Invoice will appear. My Last to you was by Jn'o 
AVyn, by whom I sent you Giles Webbs bills of Ex:'ea on yo'r 
Selfe for 100 't w'eh I hope you will give mee Creditt for, as 
allso the 200 1. Sent p rec:'t y'e Quaker Ketch, w:'ch you as 
well as m'r Webb ingaged to See mee rep'd. I find Some 
mistakes in yo'r Invoice & Acco:'t but being now from home 
cannot bee P'ticular nor inlarge Am heartily Sorry to hear 
of y'e (Icstractioiis of juy Native Couiitry(l). Cod Send 

(I) Ti,.- ;irl,ilr;ii7 mc;iHii.rM (,!' .I;u,i<-i II, wl.i.'h l.^l |u tlii< Kov'uliil icii, 
were Tii I I,, ((.iriiii;,' well lunnvii iii Viiyjii'in. Ail ii LuiMldin'r l>yii\ wild 
juohiihly ;, goo.i Wliig. 

\ \ 


To Perry and Lane ^ y,,,. ,.,.,„ ^^^ 

'' Virg'a Jan'ry y'e 23'th 1690(?) 

Gen 't 

These are onely to acquaint you of o'r wellfare & y't I 
have reeVl yo'rs by Jeffrjs, Arnall, Ruddes, «S:c I am ^ 
heartily sorry to hear of y'e troubles w'th you, Pray God 
give a good issue to them I have a considerable quantity of 
skins by mee but dare not venture them till I hear farther, 
Bim Hall is a little behind by reason of some inconvenient 
riotes & y'e AVett Weather, yet hope hee may Saile herewith, 
1 have Order 'd what Tob'o hee now wants to fill him up by the 
River Side, so y't hee assures mee hee will Sail next weeke, 
Wyn & Brome I hope may bee now with you, Pray God Send 
all Safe home & you all peace & prosperity I am Gen't 

Yo'r Humble Serv't 

W B 

To Mess'rs [P. & L. in monogram] p Emberly 

H] fert'«5i9M oT 


all our ships Safe home & Seud us Peace, & you, your Lady 
w'th all friends all happiness is the Prayer of 


Yo'r Humble Serv't 
Cap't Bradly I hear designes to Saile 
lierewith, by whom hope to write farther 

i \>.''i ^!' '. : a'-s.:: ' t-.' Virg'a Jan'ry 28'th 1688 

h- ;■ S'r 

'i':v'. These come w'th Cap't Bradly, w'th 100 H'ds Tob'o I wish 

all safe to you I wrote 3 days Since by Emberly by whom 

' ' ' • Sent you two II 'ds ffurres. I wonder I have not heard from 

J yo:'u siiice Ruddes, This day am going to Cap't Randolphs 

J to drink yo:'rs & all friends healths, where expect Cap't 

Bradly or one from him, for y'e letters So cannot inlarge. 

!!•■>; i-. You charge mee in your Acco't 19 1: 16 's: 9'd for Haber- 

dashery as p Birdseye bill of whom I had none, for y'e 
Haberdashery sent p y'e Sam '11 is charged in your Invoice 
11 1 : 12's: 8'd &, p note S 'tl to bee bought of Jn 'o Lardner in 

}' • •'. Cateater Street You also charge Some things Sent to m'r 

Perry w'eh I never heard of, but shall Say no more att pres- 
ent, by Ruddes hope to have time to inlarge in the mean 
time I wish you & all our friends health peace & prosperity 
• ,. & remain 


.; Yo'r Humble Serv't 

W. B. 

•I The 6 Swords & Belts not charged att all nor no note for them 

To Perry and Lane. 

Yirg'a Jan'ry y'e 28 'th 1688 

I wrote to you five days Since by Cap't Emberly & have 
not time to adde anything this onely being to accompany 


Bradly & to cover the inclosed. Hall, I hope may accom- 
pany this I am now goeing to Cap't Randolphs to meet him 
S; take my bills of Ladeing : Pray God send all safe home ; I 
have taken what care possible this year iu receiving of 
Tob:'o & tliough what I have cannot bee Said to bee reall 
good, yett, I hope itt may appear as well as any this year, 
Mr Paggcns(2) people receiving so little hath made more 
choice of Tob'o in these P'ts then otherwise would have been, 
I shall have a considerable quantity on board Cap't Morgans 
I wish itt may answer our trouble, skins &.ti I thinke to 
keep till safer times w'ch pray God Send, B Bradly hath 
abused mee notoriously these 2 years in y'e files for my 
Mill Saws, In M'r Norths Aec't A'o cop hee charges mee 1 
do'n files for Steel i\iill Saws (when he put up none) as p 
Bradly 's u\vn note may appear how hee Sends 2 do'n not wor 
a farthing for my use, being not ^^4 Large enough, but of 
y't more hereafter My Humble Service to all fr'ds & bless- 
ing to y'e Child 'n I am 


Yo'r Humble Serv't 

W B 
To P. & L. Pr Bradly ' ' '' 


Virg'a Jan'ry y'e 29:'th 1688 

This by (Jap't Bradly Serves onely to cover y'e inclosed I 
abated 12's.6'd of 3'0'r due & tooke them att So long time 
ratlier then Stay till Aprill, I hope you will be Satisfyed for 
I acted as for my Self, & yo'r haveing the Bills in time, I 
thought might more bee to your advantage, then y'e time 
they are charged att can prejudice you. Yesterday & this 
are Sacrificed to our friends, to drinke yours & all our friends 
healths, My Service to m'r Harpur, assure him I am not 
unmindfull of his buisinesse in Aprill, I shall come to a 

(2) Peter Paggin, a London merchant, who did very extensive 
trade with Virginia. 



883f if 

j uoO 



i: vi 

M uT 

. -•!! / 



Tryall w:'tli Littleton & doubt not but nrr Ilarpur will find 
all Justice, Pray give my Service to all o'r friends 
I am S 'r 

Yo'r frd & Serv:'t 

W B 
To m'r Norrell Bassano p Bradley w'tli E B's I'st bill of 
Ex'er for 34 1. 

ii.v. ., :i.,'i-,;l. ' ' To Perry and Lane, 

, ' Virginia Jan: 'ry y'e 29 'th 1688 

.1) Gen't 

r This p Ben: Hall Serves onely to cover the inclosed w'ch I 

i hope will gett Safe to yo:'r Hands; I hope to write more at 

{ Large but for fear I misse an Oppertunity to Send my Let- 
ters, have given you this trouble. My Service to yo'r good 

„. Ladys, m'r Piich'd & all our friends 

r I am Gent 

(,.] V . I, IS v.- •.,•. f ■' :w* .->/ Yo'r Humble Serv't 

ToP & L.: P y'e Byrd 

I'st Bills of Ex:'ea Sent hereto 
;V PP for... Ill: 

F E 5:1 

WR .. ..5: 12 . I ./.. ^ 

21: 13 
all charged on y'urselves 


Virg'a Ult'o Jan'ry 1688 
Gen 't 

I wrote to you by ILall & Bradly within these 2 or 3 days, 
& believe this may overtake them, for I hear they are like 
to find a Small Stop ere they gett out. Pray God Send all 


Safe liome, inclosed is a list of Some Small bills Sent you 
by the s 'd ships, charged on your selves & m 'r North ; 1 
desire that for all bills of Ex:'er I send you, you would give 
mee Creditt on my Acco't as Audito:'r & not intermix my 
Pi-ivate Acco:'ts w:'th the Public, I thinke Suddenly to 
visitt Some of the Collectot'rs & then you may expect Some 
considerable Suunnes : I am in some perplexity not knowing 
M'hat to doe w:'th my furres & skins, but w:'th Some impa- 
tience expect Burrell, by whom wish to receive some better 
news, tliougli can Scarce hope itt, God send all for the best. 
Your Accor't I rec 'd p Arnall, & am concerned to find the 
Ballance So considerable for had the old Tob'o been burnt, or 
tllro^vne overboard at first itt had Saved mee some pounds 
I wish Tob'o may mend now, or else its high time to leave of: 
I find in yo'r Acco't 15 Xb'r A D'o 1GS7 my Selfe charged, 
w:'tli 3 Articles att Sevcrall times for money p'd towards 
my 1/16 p't of Cap't Morgans new Ship att Shoreham. Viz't 
£12:10's 2d in Aug: 15 1: 12 's: 6'd, & y'e Last 28 1: 2's: 
6d, w'ch is y'e oiiely Sum yo'u give mee Creditt for, & 
charge- mee 227 1 : 19's: 4'd: w'ch is the full Price of my 1/16 
P'te, therefore 1 ought to have Creditt for the other two 
sunniies w'ch amount to £28.02s.0d I have had little time 
Since the rec:'t of y'e Acco:*t haveing Scarce been att my 
owne House two day's since y'e rec't of yo'r Letters: I have 
borrowed 40 Pioundlets of Sliott Viz't 20 lb. of shot of 
Cap't Roger Jones, hee desired mee to write to you to Ship 
So much on my Acco:'t & Send itt to him by the first con- 
venience, w'ch I hope you will p 'forme. Since I was like to 
want tliat commodity, had not liec lent itt mee, I acquainted 
yo'u w'th p Bradly w'ch his brothers mistake about ye files, 
hee charges mee by his note to m'r North of July 12 :'th 1C87 ; 
w'th 2 doz whip saw files 9s & for 100 London ditto at 10s: 
w:'ch last was never put up, & those sent now are of no use 
to mee, being much too small; I desire therefore that hee 
would put mee up at Least a do'ii Large rounde files for my 
Steel Mill Saws, & procure mee 6 Steel Saws, of Vi Same di- 
mensions of those formerly Sent, & y't 1 may have them by 







tlie first convenience; lu Aprill when my L'd \v:'th the Coun- 
cell meets, I will propose the matter about y'e Irish & West 
Country Bills, & doe my iiuleavor itt nuiy bee answer'd; Kitt 
I\Iorgan & Jn"o Ruddes will 8ail Long before, by whom you 
shall hear farther: My humble Service to all friends. My 
blessing to y'e Child :'n Wishing you all peace & prosperity 
1 remain 

,, . „ , Yo'r Humble Servant 


I rcc'd p Hall an Ann. of Rhenish wine mentioned in your 
Package bill & bill of Ladeing but no where charged mee, 
tiierefore desire to knov\' on what Accoi't it is Sent mee that 
I may give my thankcs accordingly. I am Sorry you were 
not fuller about y'e Chirstall what Sent, I know was foul, & 
full of flaws, but 1 gave ^'ou the reason being on the Surface 
of the earth the injury's of y'e fire & weather made itt foul, 
«S: L>eing rudely broke of, by the Indians Hatchetts, might 
well make itt full of iiaws, but 1 also writt tlmt if Stones that 
were large, without flaws, & as clear as the best of them were 
\ alueable, I know itt might very well answer expectacon. 
I am 




A List of Bills of Ex:'ea 

Sent you p Wynne Hall & Bradly 

p Wyiin y'e I'st bill. 2'd p Brome 

1 s d 

Pd'r Edw'd Brains on yo'r selves for p Bradly, .24 — — 

Ditto Branis on Ditto for 0:} : 01 — 

Cap't P'r Periy on Ditto for OG : 01 — 

m'r Jami's Blair on m'r North for 02 : 19 — 

Cap't ifras Epcs on (.lit to ft)r 03 : .01 — 

Cap't Wm. Randolph on ditto for 05 : 10 — 



p Hall ' -■■■ ^'-^^-^ -^^>^« I'- '■- 

Cap't P'r Perry on yourselves for 11 : 00: 00 

Cap 't ft'ras : Epes on ditto for 05 : 01 — 

Cap't Win Ivandolph on Ditto for 05: 12 — 

68 05 
W B 

To John Thomas & Co., Barbadoes 

Virg'a 20 ffeb'ry 1688 
Gen 't 

I beg your pardon that I have not written to you ere this, 
my abode being So remote from Shipping I rarely hear of 
any boinid for your parts, The Goods by y'e Effingham & 
Wyn I rec 'd ; though very much damage by y 'e Last by 
reason of bad Caske all the Goods (especially the Melasses) 
thought by all extravagantly dear, the Caske very bad & 
Small, Scarce one had above 25 Gall'ns in itt 8 of those to a 
t.iTx is very hard, others within a moneth of y:'t had in great 
Caske 320 Galh'ns to y'e tun att y'e Same price: though 
Small Caske are most convenient here for Sale, yet no man 
would loose above 1/3 for that conveniency, & those Small 
Siig'r Caske w:'th y'e otlier p'd as much fraight as if they 
had been as big again; I find all p'sons here extreamly dis- 
satisfyed w :th your proceedings If Wynne had as he promised 
Sold the j\Iadera Wine for 4 or 5 1. P'r pipe wee had all been 
well Satisfyed, for wee should have been certain of our Losse, 
w :'ch now wee cannot guesse att, When y'e Last was left, you 
were pleased to write, that you could have 10 or 12 1. p pipe, 
though I thinke none of us clear 'd what it cost at first in 
Madera's w'th the ifreight, Now it was worth nothing, w'th 
you, & if you had Sent itt hither, wee doubt not, but wee 
could have doubled what you allowed us for y'e Last, w'thout 
the Charges upon itt, I have given Mess:'rs Perry & Lane 
an Acco't of y'e bills Wynne charged on my Acco:'t & doubt 
not but they are allowed : I find itt impossible for us to con- 
tinue or Trade to your parts, otherways then by ready mony 

Ji BAMOiiT Vino I oT 


A or bills of Ex:'ea. AVyinie is gone before Xmas for England 
if hee arrive Safe I have left my part to ni.-'rs Perry & Lane 
to Send him hither again by Barbados or what else they may 
vi Judge most eonvenient or the Least Losse, times being So 
'. unsettled wee know not what to resolve, God Send all for y'e 
i best, I hope when you have disposed of y'e Wine, you will 
' Send us an Aeeo:'t, that 1 may See in what State my i)'tieular 
i is, & Satisfy if I remain D :'r on y'e BallaiiL-e I am 

!w. Gen't 

'"■ '■- '■■"■" .'^♦mmii ;;,> Yo'r most Humble Serv't 

W B. 
To Jn'o Thomas Esq'r & Comp. in Barbados 

J , 

•f^ ■ To Perry and Lane 

Virg'a Ult'o ffeb'ry 16S8 
!■• Gen't 

This serves onely to Cover the iuL-losed bills of Ex'e & 
acquaint you that his ExeelU-ncy my L'd Effingham (by whom 
this eomes) now goeing for England, I have charged bills of 
<»'■ Ex:'ea on you payable to his L'dship for 607 1. 04 's w'ch I 
■ desire you to pay Accordingly and place to my Acco:'t as 
Audito:'r, allso to give mee Creditt for all the bills I send 
you on the s'd Acco:'t & not mix them w:'th my private 
concernes, I hope to write more att Large by Cai)'t I^.Iorgan 
who I expect will Sail herewith therefore Av:'th best respects 
now take Leave I am 


Yo'r Humble Serv't 
W B 
To Mess:'rs Perry & Lane p my L'd Effingham 

To Perry and Lane. 

Virg'a 5 March 1688 

I wrote to you last wecke from Rapahanocke by my Lord 


M ri 

'i*l oT 











W 'f'.ilt 


Effingham, wherewith I sent you a p'cell of bills of Ex :'ea the 
2'(1 bills are inclosed, as allso Some 2'(1 bills of Halls & 
Brad 13^ 's, & a l:'st Bill of m'r Secretary's for 20 1. liee 
desired me not to Send itt before this moneth (though I have 
had itt some time, by mee) w:'oli makes itt of so old a date, 
I allso then acquainted you that I had charged a bill of 
Ex:'oa on you payable to my L'd Effingham for 607 1., w'ch 
I hope you will readily honor for Govern :'s must not Stay 
for their money, there coidd not att this juncture bee any 
tiling done about tlic West country & irish bills: the best 
way (if please God things Avere Settled in England) would 
bee to promote the matter there. & proeui-e Orders from the 
Treasury, to the Collectors here to oblidge all persons to pay 
his i\lajesty's duty's by bills of Ex:'ea for London, but 
must refer that to a more Seasonable time. 
Wee are in great expectation to hear of affairs out of Eng- 
land, God in mercy Send all for y'e best, All y'e ships in this 
river full & now ready to Saile, a great deale of Tob-.'o left 
behind. w:'ch might be purchased reasonably but no freight 
to be^' lijid, I wish wee had not oeeasion to repent Shipping 
what wee have, for Tob'o is generally very bad & Light, but 
I ho]ie our parts may answer as well as any, If you have any 
trade, Sure Wyiuie & Brome (if they gott well liome) may 
come to Some thing: I shall keep a great p'cell of Skins 
&e : by mee, not knowing what to doe, & for goods I know 
not what to Say, being unwilling yet to send for any, 1 have 
a great part of this years by mee, most I want is plain 
Shoes & Iloes, So I suppose it may bee time enough to Send 
p next fieet, who are designed to Sail about y'e 10 'th of ]\Lay, 
when 1 Suppose I may send you a considerable p'cell of bills, 
and hope there will never bee occasion to anticipate any 
mon} (»n y'e Acco't of y'e Revenue, & though j'ou have Some 
West country Bills, j^et you will have as many (I believe) 
on your Selves, I fear m'r Secretary's, & Col'o Custis will 
bring most West Country or irish bills, but Col'o Custis his 
Collection is inconsiderable, & the Secretary's (I thinke) none 
of the biggest, I desired you by one of y'e Last of Jan :'ry to 


If iff iiov m.{ik{ T 


i i&tii -lytTf tM.'til 

,,,, ;.. .,■•. 'M. tjS'f^ fli rviji 'j'jU 

iiili fit 5?(iiilK 9' ( 1; ofii lit hoO .Jnicf 

* ' ■ ' I. " i - 'J V/r>fr vX Hul 'l;)vh 

iiq yd iil^ifa fio':v/ .(auilod 


Send to Roger Jones 40 Rundlets id est 20 1. of Goose Shott, 
w:'cli I borrowed of him this winter therefore hope you will 
Send them liim by the first oppertunity on my Acco:'t as 
allso to bee mindfull of my files & ]\Iill Saws Cap't Morgan 
now Stays for this, therefore w:'th best respects & Service 
to all where due, I take Leave 


Yo'r Humble Serv't WB 
To Mess : 'rs Perry & Lane p ]\Iorgan 

To Thomas BIethwold. 
K \[ S 'r Virg : 'a March y 'e 5 : 'th 1688 

In Oetob'r last I rec'd a list of some Seeds & Nuts from my 
L\l Ei'fingham, who desired mee to procure them for you & 
though nothing could liave obliged my diligence more then 
to serve you, yet the Seaso'n of y'e year being past itt was 
imijossible for mee to procure them, Onely Some Walnuts & 
Ilickery Nuts of both kinds w'th the Pishamin Seed w'ch I 
hav<; sent herewith in a barrell m'rked M & ordered to bee 
delivered to m'r ff ra : Lee 

ifor y'e remainder I designee (God willing) to procure against 
the next fall, & then intend to Send them you by the l:'st 
ships from these parts 

I would know wo't m'r Loudon means by Cyperus w'th 
leaves like Acacia if it is not our Cyprus I know not what hee 

By this fleet his Excellency my L'd Effingham comes for Eng- 
land I pray God Send his L'dship a good Voyage & Safe to 
Hale House where hee may find all things to his desire 
I sludl not give you any farther trouble att present but w'th 
my most Humble Service to jMadam jMethwold & all y'e little 
ours, & my hearty thankes for all y'e fav'rs I rec'd, I 
Hiniibly take Leave 

Hon'd S'r 
Yo'r most oblg'd Humble Serv't 
To Tho i\Iethwold Esq:'r W B 

(To be continued) 

'IB rp'-r «^'»frt >.^rt f(';'l' T 

VIRGINIA IN 1681. 365 


(Abstracts by W. N. Sainsbury, and copies in the IMcDonakl 

and De Jarnette Pai^ers, Virginia State Library.) 


(Received) July 26, 1681 
Humble Address op the Council and Burgesses op the 
General Assembly op Virginia to the King Sets forth their 
reasons and pray for a total cessation from planting tobacco 
this next year 1681 in Virginia, Maryland and Carolina, the 
method & manner thereof they present in a Bill for his Maj. ' 
assent and confirmation. Also implore his Maj.' to remit I'd 
per lb. to inhabitants shipping their own tobaccoes to the 
plantations and i/2'J per lb. when sent to England, for seven 
years; and for his consent to iidiance 25 per ct. upon his 
]\ and all foi-eign coins imported hence above their 
value and that the impost of 2s })er hogshead & castle duties 
be paid in sterling money as formei'Iy. Signed by order 
of the Council by Nicii. Spencer, Secretary, and Tiiomas 
Ballard. Speaker. 

Indorsed— " Received 26 July 1681." 
{Colunial Papers.) 

Virginia, July 30, 1681 
Extract op a Letter Received prom Colonel Ludwell — 
All their affairs are peaceable, the several Indians drawn ofF, 
but not without appreliensions of their returning, as they 
express dissatisfaction with their own Government as well as 
that of Maryland — In our ill condition of defence to stand any 
attack — Intestine distractions of Maryland. 
Indorsed "Read 12 Oct., 1681. 
{Colonial Papers.) 


u..!„, Whitehall, Aug. 10, 1G81 

i!... Minutes of a Committee op Trade and Plantations. 

' iii Agreed to report that no Grants do pass fur the future fur 
the Quit Rents of A'irginia to any person whatsoever b\it that 
the same be applied to tlic support of the Government. 
{Colonial Eniry Bk. No. lOG. p. 274.) 

Whitehall, Aug. IG, 1G81 


LcTter to be written to Col. Norwood reciuiring him to give an 
account of his receii)ts and miuiagement of tlie Quit Rents of 
Virginia to the year IGGD— Also that tlie Surveyor General 
return surveys of all lands that are patented and sent out 
and of the Quit rents payable for them — Address of the 
A.s.-embly cuncerning the Auditor's place, presented by Lord 
Culpeper, desiring it may be left to the nomination of the 
G<Jvernor, but their J.urdships tldnh fit that the patent 
granted to Win. Blathwayt of the ])lace of Surveyor & xVudi- 
tor General of the Revenue in the Plantations, be punctually 
complied with in Virginia, and that it is most conducing to 
his Maj. service tliat Blathwayt 's Deputy be appointed by the 
Lords of the Treasury, according to said Patent. 1 p. 
{Colonial Entry Bk. No. lOG. j^p. 275-27G.) 

Order and Report Concerning Virginia 
At the Court at Whitehall the 17th August 1681 
By the Kings most Excellent Ma'ty in Council 
Whereas there was this day read at the Board a Report 
from the Right llon'ble the Lords of the Committee for 
Trade and Foreign Plantations eonceridng thS* Report of the 
Petitioner in the words following. 
May it Please Your Ma'ty 

Upon Consideration of several papers concerning Virginia 
presented to Us, by the Lord Culpeper and particularly in 

:;.\.y Virginia in 1G81. 367 

Relation to Your Ma 'ties Revenues there, We liumbly offer 
that the Loi-ds Coiumissioners of the Treasury may consider 
of the best means for bringing tlie Quit Rents of that Phm- 
tation into Your Ma 'ties hands according to Your gracious 
promise made to the Assembly, And Whereas for the preven- 
tion of the like abuses which have been formerly practised 
in the management and disposal of the several parts of Your 
Ma 'ties Revenue arising in that Colony Your JMa'ty was 
pleased by Your Royal Letters dated the 30th June 16S0 to 
signify Your especial Commands and directions in that be- 
half unto Your Governor and Oflicers of the Revenue which 
iiave not l^ceii yet obeyed. We are humbly of oj)inion that 
by the fehips now bound thither Your ]\la'ty do renew Your 
foi-mer Orvhr strictly charging and recpiiring all persons <.'on- 
cerned thtixin to pursue your Ma 'ties pleasure in the execu- 
tion of their duty and in rciulering true and regular accompt 
under the Commissioners of Your JMa'ties Treasury of all 
Moneys rai.-^ed and expended for Your Ma 'ties service in the 
support of the Government. 

All whicii is humbly submitted. 
Council Chamber /. '^"^' 

the 16th August 1681 


That a Letter from His Ma'ty '-' 

to the GoNcrnor of Virginia to this 
effect is entered in the Book of the 
Revenue, j). 92. 

His Maj 'ty was pleased to approve the said Report and 
to Order as it is hereby Ordered that One of His JMa'ties 
Principal Secretaries of State do prepare Letter for his Royal 
Signature uuto the Governor of Virginia and other Officers 
of the Revenue there, pursuant to the said Report. 

A true copy teste 

W: Davis. 


Whitehall, Sept. 17, 1681 
Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations — 
Letter read from Col. Norwood in answer to one written by 
order of the Committee concerning the Quit Rents of Vir- 
^nnia. That he stands acquitted of all arrears whatsoever 
by Lords Arlington and Culpeper to whom said Quit rents 
were granted by patent dated 25. Feb. 1672 — but their Lord- 
ships taking notice that the arrears of Quit rents are only 
granted from 8 INIay 1669 Col. Norwood is ordered to give 
an account of the Quit rents accordingly, 
(Colonial Entry Bk. No. 106 p. 282.) 

Oct. 1, 1681 
The King to the Governor of Virginia — Taking notice of 
delays that have been used in relation to the Office of Sur- 
veyor and Auditor of the Revenue [held by William Blath- 
wayt] and rcciuiring all obedience to be given thereunto and 
a true account given to the Lords of the Treasury according 
to the rules and methods afore mentioned. 

(Colonial Papers, see 20 Nov. 1679.) Another copy is in 
Col. Entry Bk. No. 99. 

Oct. 18, 1681 
Governor Lord Culpeper 's Proposals Concerning Vir- 
ginia presented to the Committee for Trade and Plantations — 
To encourage the building of Towns by all possible means, 
that being the only visible way to make that Coloiiy flouri-sh 
and will at once be a remedy to all persons and grievances — 
The constant and p\inctual payment of the soldiers' Quar- 
ters &c. with all arrears — the opening of a free trade for 
]\luscoe[vy] if possible — the uniting all his ]Maj. subjects 
in America to assist each other, in case of Foreign enemies, 
rebellions or Indians.— An exact and speedy encjuiry to be 
made of the present disturbances in ]\Iaryland and in the 
meantime all Offices Civil and Military to be only in Protes- 
tant hands, also the arms lately sent thither. 2 pp. 

(Colonidl Papers.) Another copy is in Colonial Entry Bk. 
No. 80. pp. 405-407.) 

VIRGINIA IN 1681. 369 

Whiteliall, Oct. 18, 168 J 
ArhxiTRS OF A Committee of Trade and Plantations — A 
lia{u'r uT proposals prescutod l)y LoihI Culpeper read — Tliat 
the Ijinldiiig of Towns in Virginia be encouraged, wliieli is 
jrieed to — That Soldiers Quarters be duly paid — Lord Cul- 
])eper to give his reasons why the two Companies sliould not 
be <lishii;ided— That a free trade be opeiUHJ to ]\Iuscovy : this 
to be lida'ii into fui'ther consideration — The 4th and Htli Arti- 
ch's foi- the conjunction of his Maj. subjcels against tlic In- 
Llians and concci'inng the disturhanecs in ^laryland. to be 
fdi'thcr iiHiuiretl into and considei'ed. 
{Colonial Kiitnj Bk. No. lOii. p. 'J92. ) 

Oct. 25, 1G81 
Tho:^3. Lord Culpeper's Eeasons for (Ontiniunc the 
Smali forces (two Companies) the King now hath in V^ir- 
ginia {ireseiited to the Committee for Trade and Plantations 
in pursuance of their Lordships commands of the 18th inst. — 
The exli'eme apiu-ehension of our invasion and war with the 
l'\)reigii Indians i)articnlarly the ISeneeas, who are well 
armed, valiant, cunning and mnnerous — the north part of 
Caroliiia al\\'ays dangei'ons to \'irginia. Ix'ing the resort of tlic 
scum inid refuse of An.eriea and as yet almost, without the 
faee (jI' (Government — the unsi'tllcd condition of Maryland, 
any di-^turbance there affecting \'irginia as nnicli as if in 
\'irginia itself, there being only a rivt'i' bctwt'en tliem — the 
extren.c low price of tobacco, tin' oidy i)roduct of their lands 
and the remembrance of the late IJebcHi(ai which cost the 
Iving nbove £100.000— the remoteness of habitation tlierc 
makes the militia less useful & when used very chargeable. 
"l^uMd 25 Oct. 1G8L" 

{Colonial I'aijcrs.) Another copy ,"5 pp. is in Colonial 
Entry Ilk. No. 80. pp. 407-409.) 

Whitehall, Oct. 25. 1G81 

]\IlM TKS OF A Co.MMlTTEE OF Tu.\DE A.ND J*r,.\\TAT10NS — 

(?apt. .Mori'is, an OlVicer in the Comp.any of \''ii-ginia savs 

Qdt i MVLlOAi^ 




yj ol .. i-iwM.i 

itiq Jii 

1'. '-iin 

■ '/i 



that at his coming from Virginia the two Companies waiiteJ 
but four men to make them complete and that the people 
are in a very nnquiet and unsettled condition by reason of 
tiicir extreme poverty — Lord Culpeper's reasons against the 
two Companies now in Virginia being disbanded to be further 
eoii^,idered wlieii the chief Merchants & Planters of Virginia 
are to attend, and the occasion for sending over the two 
Companies to be inquired into and represented to the Com- 

{Colonial Entry Bk. No. 106. pp- 294-5.) 

Oct., 1681 
An Account of all sorts op Merchandizes exported to 
Ills Maj. Plantations from the Port op London in the 
mouth of October 1681, abstracted out of a book received 
from the Commissioners of the Customs — This refers also to 
Virginia. Also a Sinular Account of Imports. 
{Col. Entry Bk. No. 97. pp. 78-80.) 

Council Chamber, 31 October, 1681 
William Blatiiwayt to Lord Culpeper — The Lords of 
Trade and Plantations desire he will give them, with all 
convenient speed, an entire state of the Government of Vir- 
ginia both Civil and JMilitary and of the condition it is in at 
present, as to the security or insecurity thereof, also an ac- 
count of moneys received by his Lordship as Goveriun- of 
Virginia & how same has been expended in the support of 
the Government. 

{Col. Entry Bk. No. S2. p. 1.) 

Letter to Lord Culpeper 

Council Chamber, Oct. 31, 1681 
My Lord 

The Right Ilono'ble the Lords of the Committee of Trade 
and Foreign Plantations desire your Lo'p to give them with 
all convenient speed an entire state of the Government of 

•loii 5)nii 

VIRGINIA IN 1681. 371 

Virginia both Civil and Military and of the condition it is in 
at present as to the security or inseenrity thereof. As also 
a particular aecompt of all moneys received by your Lord- 
ship as Governor of Virginia or upon any establishment 
payable of y'e Excheq'r in relation thereunto, and how the 
same have been expended in the support of the Government 
I am &e. W. B. 

A true copy teste 

J. W. Greenwood. 

Rei^out Touching Companies of Foot in Virginia 
ulay it please Yo'r Ma 'tie 

We have taken into our consideration the present state 
of Virginia ami, having been attended by Merchants and 
others well accpiainted with that Plantation, wee are in- 
formed that the Country is in great danger of disturbance 
as well out of an apprehension of the Indians, as by reason 
of the extreme poverty of the People occasioned by the low 
price of Tobacco which, tis fear'd may induce the servants 
to plunder the Stores of the Planters and the Ships arriv- 
ing there and to commit other outrages and disorders as in 
the late Rebellion. And therefore we are humbly of opinion 
That the two foot Companies at present maintained by 
Your iMa'ty there ought to be continued and well paid in 
order to prevent or suppress anj^ Insurrection that may 
otherwise happen during the necessitous unsettled condition 
of the Colonic. 

All w'ch is most humbly submitted 

Anglesey. C. P. S. Clarendon 

L. Jenkins E. Seymour, 

Council Chamber 
;{1. Oct. 1681. 

A true Copy Teste 

J, W. Greenwood. 






3£il , 

; .oxn 81 tii)' // JIA 


lecfr ■ - ;ro!') 

372 virginia historical magazine ,,':'. 

Order for Paying Two Foot Companies .;. 


At the Court at Whitehall 

llie 22 of November IGSl. 


The King's most Excellent JMa'tie in Council. 

It is this clay Ordered by his ^la'tie in Council That the 
payments made out of the Kxche<iu('i' for the i\Iainteiuince of 
the two Foot Companies now in \^irg'"a as well Officers as 
privat Soldiers with the Cunsmiths and tM'O Mates, Engineer, 
Chirurgeon and Chaplain belonging to the said Comp'ies shall 
cease and determine at Christmas next and that they bee 
then Disbanded by the Loi-il Culpeper His ]\Iajesties Gov- 
ernor or y'e Connuanik'r in Chief of \'irginia for the time 
being, miless the (Jo\ernor. Covnicil and Asscmbl\' shall de- 
sirt; to ])ay them out of the Kt-vcnue i-aised or to bee raised 
thei-e for that i)nri)Ose. 11 is Maj<'stie being willing to con- 
sent thereunto. 

And It is further Ordered That the Eight Ilono'ble the liOrds 
Counuissioners of the Treasury doe take care that the Arreai-es 
which shall bcf d\U' to the said Com])aiiies at Chi'istuuis afore- 
UKMitioned bi'e satislii'd to that time. And the Right llono'ble 
the Loi'ds of the Coiinuittce of Trade and plantations are alsoe 
directed to inspect the Kevenue arising within that Colonic, 
to th' end that all abuses in y'e management and disposal 
thereof may be prevented. 

A True Copy Teste J. W. Greenwood. 

AYhitehall Oct. 31, 1681 
i\IiNUTES OF A Committee of Tilvde and Plantations — The 
Connnittee being met to coii>/uler of the state of Virginia and 
whether it be neces.sai-\- to rontinue tlie two Companies of Foot, 
].oi-d Cidpeper, Col. Ludwell. Aldei'inan Jcll'rics and Caj.t. 
j\l(,rris, Lieut of one of the Companies arc called in — Aid. Jef- 
fi'ies says that Virginia is at pi'csciit i)ooi-er,tho'more jxtpulous 
tlian ever — That there is gi'cat ai)pr('hcnsion of an insurrec- 

I) 10 i»K> t>biifti j^Jii'Jiu'^isq 
..^."Mu) jooU ov/J yilj 



tion of the servants by reason of their ^reat necessities and 
Nvant of clotlies and that they may be apt to plunder the 
storelioases and ships, wlierefore lie tiiinks it more necessary 
tliuii ever to maintain one or two Companies in Virginia 
besides that they are in continual fear of the Indians i^That 
lie knows not any means to I'aise the price of Tobacco except 
the malung a less quantity-Capt. Morris says the servants 
are very poor and ready to plunder their Masters; that he 
believes there are 80 or 100.000 souls in Virginia— The Com- 
mittee a-ree to report that the two Companies may be con- 
tinued .vc well paid-Lord Culpeper ordered to present ae- 
c-ount in writing of his procee.linos iu Virginia & tiie present 
condition of the Country also of all mmiic-s received by him 
- pp. 

{Col. Entry Bk. No. lOG. pp. 297-8.) 

Whitehall, Nov. 19, 1681 
Minutes op a Committee op Trade and Plantations— 
Lord Culpeper attending, petition of the Owners of the sliip 
Phinters Adventure is read for exemption from the Impost 
oi 2s. per hogsiiead but tlieir Lordships taking notice of an 
Order in Council of 14 Oct. 1G80 confirming the late Act of 
^'irgilli:l for levying tliat duty & disallowing the proviso 
exempting Virginia owners from payment of it and of an 
Act of Assembly of ]G77 whieli takes away lliis privilege, 
tlicir L.udshii.s are of opinion petitioners cannot pretend 
to the exemption (U'sire.l by tliein; but that the Assembly 
iray present Draught of un Aet to the King to exempt such 
ships as are built in Virginia and do really belong to Vii-inia 
ov/ners-Lord Culpeper ivpresenls the great abuses n.m- 
nnttcd lii Virginia on that score by .blasters <.f ships that make 
talse em lies to avoitl tlie duty : he is to state the matter to the 
Lords of the Treasury in order to an effectual remedv— His 
Lordship proposes thai the King .send the value of £200 or 
£■■500 W(n1h of Flax seed to Virginia to encourage the plant- 
ii'g of that commo.lity; agreed to rei^ort to his Maj.— New 


01 J 


t / 


Commission to be prepared for Lord Ciilpeper — Councillors to 
be named in the Instruetioiis. 2 pp. 

{Colonial Eittrij Bk. No. lOG. pp. 305-7.) 

■ !'»■ - (Read) Nov. 19, 1G81 

Petition of Nathaniel Bacon, John Page, Ortho Thorp 
AND George Poindexter, Owners of the ship Planters 
Adventure of Virginia, to Governor Lord Culpeper — That 
his Lordship will intercede with tlie King that petitioners 
piivilege of being free from payment of the 2s. per hogshead 
and castle duties may be continued — though it is aflirmed 
tliut the Connnittee for Foreign Plantations have made ob- 
jection against a proviso exempting Virginia owners, there 
being but two ships of this kind, petitioners & Thos. Gervas.' 
"Read 19 Nov. 1G81." 1. p. {Colonial Papers.) 

Whitehall, Nov. 22, 1681 
Order of the King in Coi'NCIl — That the payments made 
out of the Exchequer for the nuiintenance of the two foot 
Companies now in Virginia shall cease at Christmas next 
and that they be disbanded by Gov. Lord Culpeper. unless the 
Governor, Council and Assembly shall desire to pay them 
out of the Revenue raised or to be raised there for that pur- 
pose. The arrears due to the said Companies to be satisfied 
up to Christmas as aforesaid. 

{Col. Entry Bk. No. 82. pp. 2-o.) 

Whitehall, Nov. 22, 1681 
Minutes op a Co.mjhttee op Trade and Plantations — 
Ordered that Draught of new Instructions for Lord Culpeper 
be prepared like to those given to Sir Thomas Lynch and Sir 


.inOi vo/I CI bjiL<ji 

VIRGINIA IN 1681 -• 375 

Kiehard Button — His ]\Iaj. being come to the Council, tlio 
report concerning the two Companies of Virginia is read — 
Ordered that payment be continued to tliem till Christmas 
when they shall be disbanded unless the Gov. Council »& As- 
sembly desire to pay them out of the revenue raised or to 
be raised in Virginia for that purpose: the Lords of the 
Treasury to take care that the arrears due to the Comi)anies 
at Christmas be satisfied at that time — The Lords Committee 
to inspect the revenue arising within that Colony to tiic eiul 
that all abuses in the maiuigement thereof may be preveiited. 
[Col Entry Bk. No. 106. pp. 308-9.) 




MixuTKS OF Council, 1697 
At a Coiincill lield at Jauies City y"(.' 11th of June 1697. 

Present His Exeelleney 

■■ ■ . William liyiul Edin'd Jennings 

^ ■ Cli'i- Woruieley liieh'd Jolmson 

i ,-, . EdwaiMt Hill Jn'o Liylitfoot, Escjrs. 

., Ills Excellency Layinji' lid'ore y"e Coiuudll a Eetter from 
y'e liight litMriilc y'e Lords of y"e Couiicill of Trade of y "e 
'J7'tli (d" Aujiiist Last comaiidiu^' a proclamation Issued ]>y 
their Excel leii.'ies y V Lords -Justices of Eiiylaiul for apjjre- 
lieuding oiu' lieiiry Every als. the Lridg'e man and divers other 
privateers to he jiuhli !:cd to^jcther with a Copy of y'e said 
Proelanudiou ordered copies of the said Proclamation 
be Sent to y"e respecti\e ,Shei'i-ifs of the Several Counties 
ami by them jjublished as usual. 

iiis Excellency Laid before y'e Couiu-ill a Letter from }'e 
K't llon'ble y'e Lords of Couiicill of y'e 21::'tli of St'}jtendjer 
l6!)ii relatiii^u' to the State of N'ii'yinia and a letter from y'e 
said Lords of y'e liivd of Leb'y 1696-7 relating to other mat- 
ters in \irginia. as al^-o a Letter from v''e Lords of y'e Ad- 
mLjlly of \ 'e L'6'lh of .la.n'ry last ( 'oiieeriiing the Liipi-e ;s 
of men fiir f ui-uishiii;^; his 'daj.'s Shi[) which were read at a 
COijiicill jjoard. 

lii-, i'lvc'lieiiey ac(puruitiiig this boai'd that not withstand- 
ing loi'Uicr (.rd"s of (\miieill to the Coiitraiy the Pilots at 
v'e [/loutli of dames Ki\i'r (as he is informed in these times 

PAPERS. 377 

of vvai'i' and danger) upon arrivall of any Ships upon y'e 
Coast Ho oft' to bring in y'e said Ships without Ever acquaint- 
ing any of the King's Magistrates therewith ordered that 
lu'fore any Pilot or other persons go oft' to any Ship upon 
lier an i^alI lie give notice tliereof to the next Magistrate, and 
of the icport of the boats Crew Sent on Slioar from the Said 

His Excellency was pleased to call for the List of Coroners 
in this Country and with the advice of the Councill Supplied 
I he A^icant names thereof 

Mr. (Jcorge Williamson (1) Survey 'r of Surry and Isle of 
Wight Counties according to order of Councill of the * * * of 
Aprill last having Shewed a Comission under the hand and 

(1) Ituhert Williamson, "Doctor in Pliysiek," was a nieiiilier of tlie 
House oi' Burgesses for Isle of Wight (Jouuty at the sessions of Sep- 
tenilier, ](i(J;!, and October, IGGG. On Juno G, lliGG lie i)atented 3,850 
:ures on P.laekwater Swamp and had other grants. His will was dated 
Feb. 1(5, JiiGt). Legatees : Wife Jane or Joan, eldest son Robert, sons 
(leorge, Arthur and Francis. Before 1G72 his widow married Mr. Robert 
Burnett. Roliert Williamson, the eldest son, probably died without issue. 
There i.s in Isle of Wight a deed, Aug. 4, 1G72, from Richard [Robert] 
Williamsdii of Surry County, son and heir of Roltert Williamson, of 
Lsle of Wight County; deceased; and in the same county (Thle of 
Wiglit), ill October, ]GSS, in inventory of the estate 'of Robert 
Wdliam uii, a deed was presented by his brother Ceorge. George Wil- 
r.runson of isle of Wight and his wife Hester, made a deed March 29, 
170;), eon-. eying land winch he had inherited. Tlie will of George 
William-un of Isle of Wight (son of Dr. Robert) was dated July ;J1, 
171';!, ai';>roved October 2i), 17'2.'>. liis legatees were his sons George, 
Fol ert, .loiin and Thonms, grandson John Dardon and daughters Mary, 
I'atienci', Flizalieth and Juliana. A deed, about 17;!(), show.s that 
I'atience had married Robert Exum, Elizabeth, — Joyner, ami that JolJana 
( unmarric.i) John, Thonuis and George were tlien living. In 17;!G George 
\villiani, >)n of Henrico (evidently the son of George who died 17L';{) 
conveyed to Arthur Crocker, 200 acres in Isle of Wight, part of 500 
acres paienteil by Robert Williamson October 30, IGSG, ami on July S, 
17;i7, George Williamson, of Henrico, conveyed to Lewis Burwell 250 
acres in Jsle of Wight, i)art of 500 acres patented Octolier, 1GG2, by 
L'obert Williamson, uncle of the said George. One portion of this land 
liad been sold in 1G91 by George Williamson, brother of said Robert, 
1 nd fatlnr of George of Henrico. It is uncertain whether George 
AVilliamson left descemlants, as tlie later Williamsons of Henrico are 
stated to be descended from John Williamson, an emigrant, who was 
\esiryman of Henrico parisli fiom 17;!5 to his de.ath in 1757. No doubt 
the Williamson of Isle of Wight, Southampton and adjoining counties 
trace to Dr. Robert Williamson. 


irf^^\ juiq/. 


Seal of John Srait]i(2) Survey 'r Geii'tt and not having any 
wa^es cleared himself for taking Entries of Land in the 
Blackwater Contrai'y to instructions and orders of Councill 
frtnu time to time and also taking doulile Entries of one and 
the Same pareell of Land to tiie great disturbance of tlie 
Iidiabitants of the Said Counties and appearing otlierwise a 
person insuftieient and iiiniualitied for Sueh an office aiul trust 
it is the opinion of the Councill that he be Suspended from 
the Said office of Survey 'r and that the Trustees of y'e Col- 
ledge (3) have notice thereof. 

Upon petition of John Carroll Setting fourth that ilaj'r 
Lr\\ is Biirwell and ^Maj'r Arthur Allen without any Survey 'r 
or patent to direct them Came forcealjly upon the pet'er Land 
whieli he hath long and peaceal)ly injoyed and marlvt the 
trees therenpon and tooic y'e Same into the Said Burvrelle 
posession disis.suing( ■ ) y'e i)et'r being a poor man ordered 
that they the Said liurwell and Allen ai)pear before y'e 
next Councill to Answer y'e Same 

Cap:'t Andrew Douglas Comand'r of his ]\Iaj's Ship the 
Harwich Iniving represeiited unto his Excellency tliat on 
his voyage to ^'irg'a in y'e Said Ship he took a fly boat Called 
y'e St. Igiuice belonging to y't port of Bayone in Pi-ance 
bound thence to N(>wfoundland y'e master and all the Com- 
pany the Erench King Snbjects and her clearing from y'e 
admirall of Prance & brought her into James Piiver and 
prayed a Spedy proceeding for condemnation accordingly and 
his Excellency Laying the Same before this Councill is the 
opinion and advise of the Councill that there being no Court 
of Admiralty Erected in this Government his Excellency may 
and ought to give Comissions under y'e Seal of the Colony 
appointing a Judge-Registar INIarsludl and other officers neces- 
sary for the tryall of the Said Prize— 

('J) Jolui Smith, of (lloiu-estcr County, son of Col. Lawiciiee Sinitii, 
\v;us appoiiitcil to the Council 1704, Surveyor General (luidor ai)point- 
ment by AVilliain and I^Iary College j, and died 1719-20. See TFrn. & 
Mary Qiairtaiy, IX, 42, 6:l-. 

(.'.) William and T^Iary Colle<,'o was given authority to appoint all 
surveyors in Virginia, who had, in return, to i)ay certain fees to the 


PAPERS. - '>' '••"^« 379 

The ]2'th June 1697 His Excellency Present 

William Byrd Edni'd Jennings 

!\: I ' cij'i. Wormeley Eich'd Johnson 

Edward Hill Jn'o Lightfoot Esqrs 

Nich. S|)encer, Esq'r producing a commission to him granted 
by the C'om'rs of his Jlaj's Customes in Lon'd dated y'e 20 'th 
of NoA'emb'r Last to be Collect, in South Potoemuck River of 
his filaj 's dues on y'e Enumerated Comodities by y'e 25 'th 
Act of Car '2d took y'e oaths according to Law for y'e due 
execution of tlie Same — 

Peter Ilcyman(4) Es(i'r produced a Comission to him 
grantc(] l^y the Com'r of his ]\Ia j 's customs in London dated 
the oiu^ and twentieth of November last to be Collect 'r in 
y'e L,i\,er district of James Piver of his j\Iaj's dues on 
Eimmcrated Comodities by y"t 25 'th of Car. 2 having be- 
fore his Excelkmcy taken y'e oaths according to Law for 
y'e due Execution of Same — 

Peter Jenings(5) Esq'r producing to this board a Comis- 
sion from the Principal 1 Com'es of y'e Prize office dated the 
]9't]i of Novemb'r Last relating to Maryland and to Liquire 
after Concealments and Lnbeslements of Prizes Since y'e year 
1G69 there, or in any other place or places— upon y'e Con- 

(4) Peter lloynian, is stated in liis ejiitapli, formerly of Ilainptou, 
Va., to lirive lieen a yraiidsou of Sir Peter llcyiiiaii of Simimerfield in 
Kent. Ou April IS, 1C92, lie was a[)])ointed one of the depot postmaster- 
generals for tlie Colonies. lie was killed Ajiril 29, 170U, on board the 
ship Rhuieham in an action with a pirate in Lynnhaven Bay. See this 
Magazine, XI, 158, 159. 

(5) Peter Jenings may have lieen a son of Col. Peter Jenings, born 
about ll).'!l, who is stated to have "faithfully served" Charles I, was 
Attorney General of Virginia 1GG2, again appointed to that oflice 
Sept. IG, 1670, and the Conncil Oct. 12, 1G70. He married Catherine, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Lunsford (she married, secondly, Ealph Worm- 
ley) and died in 1071. The following children of Peter and Sarah 
Jenings are recorded in the Register of Alnngdon parish, Gloucester 
County; viz.: Philip baptized April, 1(378, Elizabeth born Feb. 2:5, 
1GS4, Tliomas baptized Feb. 20, 1GS(3, and RelK^cca ])aptized May 18, 
1G90. Tlie father of these children may have l)een the person named in 
the text, and may have been a son of Col. Koliert Jenings; but if so, 
lie, together with all his children must have died before 1710, as the 
will of Wm. Jenings of London dates that year, states that he was 
sole heir to Col. Peter Jenings, "Years ago deceased." See this 
Magazine, XIX, 188, 1S9. 


tinent of America or Islands thereunto belonging, ordered 
that the Said Comission be Entered upon y'e Couneill Books, 
and incouragement and assistanee upon all oeasions Cliven 
liiui the Said Peter Jeiiings in y'e Execution and perfornuaiee 
thereof Accordingly — 

William Trevethaii(6) Esq'r produceing a Comission to 
liim granted by the Com'es of his Maj's Customes in London 
dated y'e 2'd day of December Last to be Survey 'r of his 
Maj's dues on the Enumerated Comodities by y'e 25 'th of 
Car. 2d. in the Eliz. River took y'e oaths according to law 
for y'e due Execution and performance of y'e Same — 

His Excellency upon receipt of a letter j^csterday of y'e 
fourth of June Instant from the Gov. of Maiyland — with 
proceedings of a Committee of the Couneill & Burgesses con- 
foi-iued thei'c relating to the Piscatonay and Accokeek Indians 
was i)leascd to lay the Same then before this board — which 
being duly Considered, the Couneill doth not understaiui the 
m( ailing thereof but if any miscarriage hath been by any 
Indians in tliis Government are of opinion that it ought to 
ha\\- been first signified to tiie Gov'r for orders therein before 
any proceedings against any Indians in this Government 

iiis Excellency by atlvise in Couneill was pleased to pass 
under his hand and the Seal of the Colony a Comission ap- 
j)oiiiting Edward JliU Escj'r Judge of y'e Court of Admiralty 
foi' Tryall of the Prize St. Ignace of Ba>'(me in Pranee brought 
in i^3' Comodor Douglas anil all otiier maiU-rs that sliindd be 
brought bcfi)re him terminate y'e bS'tli instant and also a 
Com 'on t(j Kobert Bevei'ley (Jent. aj)pointing him Ixegister 
of y'e Said Court and aiKjtlier to Edward liose Gent j\Iar- 
sh;ill who were all three Sworn aceoidingly after having taken 
y'e oaths to his .Maj's proscribed by law and the Tt-st 

(()) William 1'iT'vcthaii nay lia\u Ihhmi :i kiiisiiiaii of Saiii]i.soii 
Tivvotlia.'i wlio lived lur soji.l^ years (KiDi) &e.) in Lower X,n-folk 
C'ouioy (v.hicli Eli/.al.eth Ki\er Hows tlirou-li); Imt wl-.o in 171;") lia-l 
retmae.i I.; IJiK'ian.l .w.A wa.s liviu- a1 Lara-' n, I'eiizauce, r,.riiv,all. 


Monday June 14 'th 1697 
Present His Exeelleiiey 

Wm. Byrd EdmVl Jennings 

Ch'r. Wormeley Rieh'd Johnson 

Edw'd Hill John Lightfoot 

(File "Before 1776") 

Proclamation in Rkuard to ^Military Stores 
By II is Excellency 
Whereas there are I'eiiiaining in y'e. t'ower Several Garrisoiis, 
att y'r heads of y 'e Great Kivei's several Swords belts. S\vi\els, 
Carbines, Pistolls, Saddles, Holsters, ^Musijuets, Long Cuns, 
Potts t!i Kettles, Amniuuition, Provision and otiu-r utensils, 
belonging to y'e Counti'v. and forasniueh as y'e Soldiers are 
now disbanded, 1 do tlierefoi'e hereby order and Connaand, 
that evcvy respective C'oniniander of y'e Saiii disbanded Gar- 
rison doo forthwith ileliver or cause to be delivered to y'e 
Commander in Cheife of y'e Country, Avhere such Garrisons 
are all Such Swords, Belts, Swivels, Holsters, iMusquetts Long 
Guns, Pots, Keltles. Aniniunition, I'rovisiou and oilier uten- 
sils, as iwe now in or did In-long to y"e said (Jarrisons and y'e 
Couiuiander of such resjx'd ivi' County is oi-dered and retinii'cd 
to reeei\e y'e same, and to give an accoiuit thereof to me and 
y'e Coiunuuider of y'e said Garrisons and Lvery of them are 
liereby lequired to ta!:e a re^-eipt from y'e Commander of y'e 
Count.\- to whom he shall deliver any of y'e amies or other 
thiiigs liefore mentioned, and y'e same to return to nu-, and 
what i'rovisions Shal l)e now in any of y'e said Garrisons 
and are to be delivered to y'e Commanders in Cheif of y'e 
Countie.-> aforesaid, such Commanders of y'e Counties are 
hereby iiiii)owered to sell and dispose of y'e same, for y'e use 
of y'e Couidry and to give an account thereof to me as afore- 

Given under my hand this 2'i\] day of X'ber 1682 

Thos. Culpeper 
(File 'Before 1776") 





The Account of His Majesties Revenue op Two Shil- 

Virginia from the 25 'th day of October 1715 To the 25th 
DAY OF Aprill 171(i 

The Koee'r Gen '11 doth Charge himself with the Reeeipt 
of the Said Iveveuue as follows — 
The Aeco't of the Upper Distriet of James 

River £ 75. 0. 

The Aeeo't of the Distriet of York River 301. 17. 4 

The Aeeo't of the Distriet of Potomaek River. 150. 3. 2 
The Aeeo't of the Distriet of Rappahanoek 

River 453. 7. 0% 

The Aeeo't of the Lower Distriet of James 

River 93. 3. 6 

The Aeeo't of the Di.striet of Aeeoinaek 13. 7. 6 

£108G. 18. G'-^A 
The Aeeo't of Sumlry Rights for Land Sold. . 102. 15. 
The Aeeo't of Sundry Fines and forfeitures 
due to His Majesty in the County of King and 
Queen wliieli amounts to 700 'ds Sweet- 
Seented Tob'o Sold at 27f^p'et and 10/. 

Currt money of A'irg'a 8. 17. B^/^ 

Fines and forfeitures Ree'd of Philip Smith 

late Sherrif of Gloeester County 12. 17. 8 

£1211. 08. 111/4 
The Rece'r Gen '11 doth also Discharge himself by the 
payment of the following Summs 

By ballanee of the last Aeeompt £1999. 2. 3 

By half a years Salary to the Governor 1000. 0. 

By half a years Ilouserent to the Governor.. 75. 0. 

By half a years Salary to the Couneill 175. 0. 

By half a years Salaiy to the Auditor of the 

riantations 50. 0. 

By half a years Salary to the Solicitor of 

Virginia 50. 0. 



•;,,N^j PAPERS. . .vi-.A,-, .{' 383 

By half a years Salary to the Attorney ''■'■' 

Cieiierall 20. 0. •'' 

By hall a years Salary to the Clerks of the • ' 

Couueill 50. 0. —i 

By half a years Salary to the Gunner of James '■ 

Towne 5. 0. 

By half a years Salary to the Arinourer 6. 0. 

By a Warrant to the Judge and Oilicers of the 

Court of Oyer & Terminer in June Last 100. 0. 

By a Warrant to Sundry Ministers attending 

our generall court 5. 0. 

By a Warrant for Listing & Transporting 
Souldiers to South Carolina & other Contingent 

Charges 186. 8. 

By Salary to the Navall Officers at £10 p'eent 

on £1080. 18. G% 108. 13. 101/4 

By Salary to the Auditor at £5 p'eent 

£1102. 15. 1 55. 2. 9 

By Salary to the Receiver Generall on the 

Same Sum 55. 2. 9 

So that tlie whole Sum Disbursed amounts to. £3940. 9, lY^ 
And there will remain due to Enable the Re- 
ceiver (icnerall to Discharge this Accompt 
(lie Sum of 2729. 0. 8 

£1211. 8. 111/ 

Nath'el Harrison D: Rec'r Gen '11 

Certificate of the Governor and Auditor 

I have carefidly Examined the witliin accompt of His 
Majesties Revenue Commencing the 25 'th of October 1715 
and ending the 25 'th of April 1716. And Compar'd Every 
Article with its proper voucher produced by Nathaniel Har- 
rison Esfi'r Deputy Receiver Generall, and find the charge 
duly Stated Amounting to One Thousand Two Hundred and 
Eleven pounds Eight Shillings and Eleven pence farthing 



i\M M 






Sterling. And Likewise the Discharge of His Majesties Reve- 
inie which amounts to Three Thousuiicl Nine Hundred and 
Forty Pounds Nine Sliillings and Seven pence fartliing Sterl- 
ing for which proper vouchers have been Likewise i)roduced 
by tlie Said Deputy Receiver Generall, So that thci-e will 
remaine due to Enable the Receiver Generall to Discharge 
this Accompt the Sum of Two Tiiousand Seven Hundred & 
twenty nine i)0unds and Eiglit pence Sterling. 

Philip Ludwell, Audit 'r 

The Foregoing Accompt Stated and Swoi'ne to by the 
Deputy Receiver Generall Compar'd and Examined by Philii) 
Ludwell, Esq'r Deputy Auditor I have received the Same 
and believe it to be a true charge and Discharge of the 
Revenues for the Said time — 

A. Spots wood 

(File '-Before 177G") 

Rei'Out op Committee on Laws On TonAC'ro(7) 
Kuv. the 14 'th 17i;5 

Att a Committee ap[)()iiited to inspect & Collect all the 
Laws in fonn' rchitiiig to Tol)acco & to Report tiie Same 
with their Opinion theiein And also to Report what Pro- 
po^.alls they think may be for the Liiprovement & atlvantage 
of the Tobacco Trade 

Present Mr. Holloway Mr. AVilliam Robinson Mr. Chi-is: 
Robinson 'Mv. Buckner 

The Connnittee did In.^pect the Act of Asseip.bly imulv at 
a Gen'U Asseud)ly begun at James Citty the '24 '1h day of 
Septen^ber in the year 1696 Lititled an Act for the l)ett<n- 

(7) The tolmcro ai-t jiasaed at the session of AssemMy of Xovcinlier, 
171:'., aj-iioais in Ilctiii;/ (IV, ;;7) only by its title. On the inai' in is a 
si:;1ciiieiit that it was repeah^d liy j)roi4aniati(Mi Noveniljer iL". 1717. In 
this instalment is printed a smnniaiy of former hnvs on the -ulijcit, 
:tud in the next will be gi\en the bill proposetl by the Committee. The 
Journal shows that the Committee was tomjMJsed of John llulloway, 
William I^obinson, Christopher IJobinson and William Biukner. On 
Nov. L';:d a bill was rei.oite.i, and on the LiCth tlie bill witli several 
limendinnits, uas p:i->e.|. On the last day of tlu- ses-icu it was np 
]. roved by tlie ( !o\criior. All tob.acco h\L;islation is an important ]iai-t 
or onr history, and this aet is preser\ed nowhei-e in this c^.aijirv. 





■«•> ttr 

^7/1., f 

,-..:. PAPERS. ,, . 385 

Support and Maintenance of the Clergy in which Sd. Act 
amounyhst other things it is Enacted in the words or to tin' 
eiiV'L't following 

That all & Every ]\Iinister & Ministers in all & Eveiy 
pa.rish lv parishes in this Dominion incumbent in Sd. Parisli 
or Parishes & therein ofliciatiug as Minister or Ministers 
tSiiall lia\e & receive for his or their maintenance the Summ 
of Sixteen thousand pounde of Tobacco besides their lawfidl 
percpiisites and that it Shall and may be lawfnll for tlie 
vestry or vestiys of any Parisli or Parishes & they are by 
virtue of this Act authorized & impowered to raise & Levy 
the Same in their respective parish or parishes as also to 
Levy five per cent for the collecting and paying the Sd. 
To])av:ro convenient And that it Shall and may be lawfull 
for the vestry or vestrys of all and Every parish oi- pai-ishes 
to apjtuint the Church Wardens or whom they tliiidi fitt to 
colleet & receive the Ministers or other Parisli dues & the Sil. 
{)erson or persons So qualified as aforesd Shall be & are im- 
powered in ease of non payment to make Disstress for the 

And iilso an Act made at a Generall Assembly begun at the 
Ciipitol tlie twenty tliird day of October in the year ITO-'i 
lilt it led an Aet eoncerrn]ii,' tlie Collection of the publiel: <i; 
County Levys & for the better i)a.yment of the Same to tlie 
Respeelive Creditors therein concerned in which Sd Act 
amouughst other things it is Eiuicted in the words or to the 
Eifect following That tlie Court of Each County Shall 
admitt the Slierriff before any other poi'son to collect the 
j)ubli;;k and County Levys provided he will give bond with 
Security in double the Summ the Levys amount to honestly 
to collect & pay the Same to the respective Creditors & on 
failure to give Such bond the Sd Court may committ the 
collection of the Sd Levys to any other person who will give 
Such bond 

That the Sherriff or other Collector Shall allow Eight per 
cent for Cash of all Levys & Secretarys Clerks, & Sherriff's 
Fees received in Cask under the peiudly of One humlred 

Hi oliaiu 





pounds of Tobacco for Every Eiglit pounds of Tobacco due 
ior ('ask wliirli he Shall refuse to allow 

That no Sherill" or C'ollcL'tor Sliall Seize any liogshead of 
Tobaeco paid away & marked if other go(jd Tobacco Sulii- 
ei;nt to })ay the Levys or fees be oU'erd him. Tliat if any 
Siierrili:' or Collector shall seize a hogshead of Tobacco in 
Which there shall be more than will satislie the debt distrained 
tor he shall let the debtor take out the overplus or make him 
immediate satisfaction for the same That if any Sherrilf or 
Collector hath a demand for Levys of any Publick or County 
Cicditor he Shall discount that Credit in the first place 
wilhout any allowance for the Same 

That E\eiy Sherrili or Collector Shall pay the publick & 
County Lev}-s to tlie respective Creditors l)efore the Court 
ci;iy held in March next after the Collection put into his 
1 .uuls or on failure thereof upon complaint to tlie Court 
Such Creditor Shall have Judgment with Costs against Such 
^heniii' or Collector & his Surety for what Shall be due But 
ii' the Coiupluiid be nuide to any Court Succeeding ^lardi 
Cw:irt i:- the ShcrrilL he absent he Shall be ordered to an.swer 
tlii:; complaJid at the then next Court wherein if lie fail 
Julgmeut Shall be granlctl as aforesd That if the Shcrrijf 
oi' Collector Shall give ten days notice to any public-k or 
(.'ounty C'l'cdltor that the Tobaco to him due is readdy & 
SuL'h Creditcn' Shall neglect or refuse to receive the Same 
the Slierrilt or Collector Shall then have liberty to make a 
tender of Sm-h Tobacco to Such Creditor according to Law 

And also one other Act made at the Same Assembly at the 
Capitol Intitled an Act for improving the Staple of Tobacco 
& for liegulateing the Size & Tare of Tobaco Hogsheads in 
which Sd Act anioungh<t other things it is Enacted in the 
words or to the I'lVect following 

That if any jjerson tends any Seconds for Tobacco he Shall 
forfeit oOO'L of Tobacco for every Tithable upon the IMan- 
tation where Suidi Secoiuls are tended And if the Plantation 
be ur.der the care of an Overseer who is free he Shall ])ay 
the jieiudty That all Tobaco Shall be; fairly packed of equal 



PAPERS. 387 

goodness in every part without trash ami if any person Shall 
pay away or put to Sale or offer to pay away or put to Sale 
any ho^^shead of Tobacco otherwise packed he Shall forfeit for 
every hogslicad 1000 'L of Tobacco 

That Avhen a Suit Sliall be bi'oa«ilit for false paekeing of 
Tobaccti tlie Court Shall appoiiit two or tliree Skillfull men 
to view the Sd tobaco & their rei)ort upon oath Shall be good 
Eviilence in the Tr}all That five jiounds weight & no more 
be allowed in one huy.sliead for Santl dust tt mean Tobacco 

Tluit it' any Creditor Shall omitt to demand or receive a 
Tobaco l)el)t by the last of January the Debtor may at any 
lirae in i'\bruary apply himself, or two Justices to make a 
tciider of the Tol)aeo he owes Avhich Justice Shall appoint 
ihi'ee Neighbours on their oaths to view the Tobacco who if 
they fnd it merchaidable v^^: fairly packed Shall weigh & 
nsaik 11/ Same for tlic use of the Creditor at ^^■huse hazard it 
Shall ; L'terward lye ^v ui>Oii i)r()(luetMrig a Cei-tificate from 
the Sd Jii.stice of llic Sd tender to the next Court the Debtor 
Shall be discharged from tlie Sd Debt Provided the tender 
v/as made according to Specialty & that the Debtor En- 
dea^'oui' to ])reserve the Tobaco as if it wei'e Still his own 
That the Debtor Shall ])ay the ehai'ge of the Tender And 
tliat Ea.eli viewi'r Shall be jiaid twenty i)0unds of Tobaco 
\i>v Every day that the Buyer or Receiver of Tobacco in 
Cask Shall take the Same at the Tare thereon Sett & allow 
thirty jjound.s of Toboco for Eacli hogshead n(jtwithstanding 
any bill bond or conti'act Expressing the Same to be paid 
with ca-iv on penalty of IGO'L of tobaco 

That Lessees pa3dng rent in Tobacco may be obliged by 
agreement to pay Cask That the Slierriffs & Collectors of 
publick dues Shall allow for all pidjlick Tobacco paid in 
liogsheatls to the person paying the same Eight per cent for 
Cask instead of the thirty pounds of Tobacco per hogshead 

And (.n due consideration of the Sd Acts are of opinion 
That the Laws now in force relating to Tobacco are not 
Sufficiciit for the improvement & Advantage of the Tobacco 
Trade And that the method now Established by Law for 


discliargiug Debts is Subject to many frauds & Abuses not 
provided against by any Law 

And the Com 'tee haveing duly Considered the Low State 
of the Staple Comodity of this Colony occasioned by the 
carelessness & deceipt of the Planters & by the negligence 
& fraud of the Receiver thereof by whicli the reputation of the 
Virginia Tobacco botli at liome & abroad is allmost lost And 
the credit of the Country in Generall ruined for this raiseing 
& retreiveing whereof & for the better preventing the frauds 
& Regulateing the Abuses in the Tobacco Trade Do in obedi- 
ence to the Order of this House humbly Propose 
(To be continued) 



I oT) 



(Contributed by Leo Culleton, 92 Picadilly, London, W., and 

the late Lotlirop Withington.) 


Makcuet Barnard. Will proved 1 April 1623. My five 
.'.luij'i's iii tlie Soniei' Islands to my brother Henry Barnard 
iind heirs. Chests of linen and silver left at Mr. Caswell's to 
ray two < hildren Joarie and Elizabeth eqnally. The suite of 
Tent Stick with j\lr. Wilkinson with 40 lbs of pewter and a 
v/armiiig pan to said daughters. The book of ]\Iartirs with an 
Irish rngg to them also. My husband's cloak to Mr. Henry 
Waller. The Bible be(iucathed to me by William Baispoole 
to Mrs. Wilkinson. My goods and stock of money in maga- 
zines of the Homer Islands to my daughter Elizabeth. iMy 
daughter Joan is pi'uvided in England Legacies of articles 
to servants and articles to said daughters. To iMary Baynain 
bedding and apparel To goodwife Michell apparel. To Henry 
Bonld ai'tieles. The clothing my husband wore to Nathaniel 
Prudden. To George Duncombo, to Thomas Tanner, Daniel 
Deweese, Patrike Wingate articles of apparel. To my cosen 
Nicholas Barnard my books here in the Somer Islands. My 
scarfe to Margaret Barnard my goddaughter Standing cup 
with cover to Nathaniel liarnard my cosen. To Kebecca 
Barnai->1 a beer bowl of silver. All the rest of my plate to my 
two daughters. To Church of St. Georges an Altar Cloth 
There is 48 pence and 12 halfpence in the little trunk these 
to be devided between the wives of my brothers William and 
Nicholas. To Mrs. Wood a gold ring. To Mr. Wood the 
girdle hangers and sword. ]\Iy husband's Colours leading 










staff and Drnmme. To Captain Fely:ate a sword. "My hus- 
band's seal ring to my daiif^liter Joane. My daughter Joanne 
Tanner to care of luy brother Nieliohis. Residue to uiy two 
daughters. ]\Iy eoseu Nathaniel and ^Ir. AVood executors. 
Witnesses: Nathl Barnard, Roger "Wood. Swann, 'u). 

[Margaret Barijaril was tlie Vvlilow ol' ('apt. Joliu lianiar.l or Bernard, 
who was a])i)oiiiteJ Covenior of Beriuiula in 1G22. She was liNiiiu' tliere 
when the will was matle. Tliis must be one of the very earliest wills 
of a resident of the Islau.h Cai.taiu I'el-ale was Toliias Fel-ate, who, 
for a time, li\cd in Virj^inia.J 

Ambrose Bennett of London Es(iuire. Will 18 December 
1629; proved 28 INIarch 10:^1. To be buried in St. Bennetts 
Finkes near the Exchange in London. To Sister Dame ]\Larie 
Crooke now wife of Sir George Crooke knight one of his 
I\Iaiestics Justices of his Court of Kings Bench f.lO. To godson 
Ambrose Bennett son of my Brother John Bennett £600 when 
21, if he die before to his brother John Bennett. To my 
uncle John Taylor the elder £6. ^'■h. 4d. To eosen John 
Taylor the younger son of said John Taylor the elder £G. 18s. 
4d. To Dorothie Taylor daughter of John the elder £6. i;3s. 4d. 
To servants of my brother John Bennett, if I die in his house 
20 marks. To cosen Rieluird Purke vintner £10. To cosin 
]\larie Norton widov/ £5. To cosen Frances Freeman wife of 
Thomas Freeman now dwelling in Wallingford £10. To my 
cosen Arthur Burt carrier of Worcester £10. To Brollier in 
law George Lowe Esc} £50. To cosen fJeorge Lowe son of my 
brother George £50. To i\Ir. Thomas Ihimpson Es(i £G. 13s. 4d. 
To Mr. Brownlow my kinsman £10. To cosen the Lady T^Iarie 
Dutton wife of Sir Raphe Dutton knight £5. To servant 
Ambrose Hall £100 if dwelling with me at my decease. To 
my brother Sir Symon Bennett Knight and Bai-ronct £^>0 and 
to his wife £50. To sister in law floan now wife of my brother 
John Bennett £50 and to two of hei- sisters viz. — — Muncke 
widow and Joan Heather 40s. each. To cosen IMarie Wood- 
ward 40s. To Bridgett IMasemore sometime servant to my 
father £10. To cosen JMarie Turvyji wife to William Turvyn 
£20. To Mr. John Bancks mercer £6. 13s. 4d. To cosen 


Dorotliie Dun widow 40.s. To my Barber Ricliard Hersey 40s. 
To loving friend Mr. Watson attorney 20s. To Edward Wors- 
Ity n)y fathers servant 20s. To Poor of St. Olave Old Jury, 
St. Lawrence Old Jury, St. Stephen Coleman Street, St. 
Stephen AValbrook £10. To Cosen IMarie Grimston one of 
tlie dangliters of my Bi-other in law Sir George Crooke £5 
and to Elizabeth and Frannees Crooke two other of the 
daughters £80 each when 21. To Thomas son of Sir George 
Crooke £25. To widow Surby late wife of John Surby of 
^Yapping, Mariner deceased £3. To Godson Ambrose Strug- 
ncll son of John Strugnell Citizen and Pewtcrer of London 
£."). Residuary Legatees and Exeeutors: Brother Sir George 
Crooke and my sister Marie and Brother Bennett (Brotlier 
John to have half the residue) Witnesses: Hum: Dyson, 
notary P\iblic, Jero : Smith, Will: Filtonn and Jos: Ferret 
servant \ iito the said notary. An annuity of £350 out of the 
manors of Saultoii, Braby, Estone, and Beach and other lands 
in county York to Brother Sir Symon Bennett. My half of 
lands in Redreth, county Surrey bequeathed me by my father 
Sir Thomas Bennett who owns the other half All my lands 
in Redriff county Surrey purchased of Mr. Gardener to the 
relief of the poor as follows £9 to parish of St. Bennett Fink 
Bread Street, Waterstocke, county Oxon £S, Redreth £9, Cal- 
verton county Bucks 20s. to be paid yearly to Churchwardens 
on demand at my Brother John Bennetts dwelling house in 
the Barge Court in Bucklesbury, St. Stephen Walbrook. 
dated 21 May 1030. Witnesses : Hum : Dyson, notary Publiq : 
Jero : Smith on 25th ]\Iay this was ratified in Presence of 
Rich Smith, Hum:. Dyson notary publique and John Strug- 
nell, Ambrose Hall, The, Dyson, William Filtonn and Jos 
Ferrett servants unto said notary. aS^^. John, 29. 

John Bennett of London gent. Will 26 November; proved 
1631 11 May 1031. To my wife Jone Beiniett £500 and the 
use of £1000 during her life and at her death to my daughter 
Llary Bennett if she die to such child as shall be born after 








tlio 20 November 16)^0, for want of such issue to my sons 
Joiui and Ambrose. To ilaughter j\Iary Bennett £1000 when 
21 or married. My dwelling house in Barge Yard to my 
wife Jone for life and then to son Ambrose. To eldest son Bennett £.100. To son Ambrose £2000 Avhen they are 21. 
To parson of St. Stephen AValbrook for preaching my funeral 
■strnion 20s. and £5 for the gromid wherein my body shall be 
buried i;i the Chancel. To Brother Ambrose £20 if he be 
Uvii.'g in house with me. To .si.sler Dame ]\Iary Crooke wife 
of Sii' Oeor;,;e Ci'ooke £10 for a ring. To eosens ]\lrs. Ainie 
liaiiii)son, I\Iris Elizabeth l^rownlowe, and Dame ]Mary Dut- 
iou 40s. each for rings. To goddaughter Eebecja Ilampson 
20:;. To wives sister Alice iMonck £10. To Jane Heather 
{■nother sisttr to my v.'ife £10. To my miele John Taylor 20s. 
To Cosen Jvlary Woodwai'd 20s. To Margaret Jenkijison £5. 
To each of luy servants -10s. Executrix: AVife Jone Bciniett. 
(nei'scers: Bi'dtln'i" in law Sir George ('roolre and nd Brother 
f-n," Symon Beiuiett Bai'unt t £:]0 each 'flie residue to such 
eiiildren as sh;ill be born after 20 November llioO Witnesses: 
,KMo: Siiiiih. Biiv'liard Warner, Yv'altcr Warson. Coilieil dated 
21 April Itio'l. £-100 to be expended on funeral. To wife 
Joan lieuneit coach aud coach horses. Kevokes legacy of £500 
to son John Bennett and gives it to my wife. To Sir Ileneadge 
I'yncli, liidght, Recorder of the City of London £5. To 
servant Jerome Smith £5. Itevokes bequest to ]\Iargaret Jenk- 
inson and rest of Kservants and gives them £4 each. To poor 
hy direction of wife Joan and J\Ir. Aaron Wilson is to be 
by direction of wife only. To .such child wherewith my wife 
is now co)iceived and which she now goeth withall £1500. Wit- 
nesses: Hum: Dy.son Notarie Publi(iue., William Fittonn, 
John Barlram. dos: Ferrctt. servants vnto the said Notary, 
(hi : iAU'vri'ell, 4(-i'o: Suiith. A second proof 2G ]\lay 10:>u to 
l!i(_'hard Bennett and Thomas HampsoJi two of the executors 
luiiaed in will of Joan Wright als Beiniett during mhiority 
of Ambrose, I\Iary and Eliza1)eth, the children of deceased. 
iSt. John, 5-1. 


[Edv.ard Bennett, merchant, of Loudon, was a member of the Vir- 
ginia Company and was for a time Deputy Covernor of tlie English 
merchants at Delft, Holland. On Nov. 21, 1621, the Virginia Company 
granted to Edward, Kiehard and Robert Bennett and others a large 
tract of hind in Virginia. This settlement was made within the x^reseut 
Isle of Wight County, and Edward Bennett for some years continued to 
carry on an extensive trade with the Colony. The date of his death 
is unknovin nor has his will yet beon found in England. The Council 
and Ceiieral Court minutes show that he had a sun Ivlchard, who died in 
Virginia about 1025, while his fatlier 's agent in the Colony. In 1664, 
1500 acres of land in Virginia was divided between Silvester, wife of 
Nichola.s Hill of Isle of Wight County, and ,Mary, wife of Thomas 
Bland, h.oirs (proliaidy daughters) of Edward I5ennett. Stith says, 
doubtless quoting, as usual, old records, that Kichard Bennett, Clovernor 
of Virginia, w.-is a nej-hew of Edward Bennett. Thomas Ludwell, 
Secretary of State of Virginia, writing to Henry Bennett, Lord Arling- 
ton, in lt)G6, says tliat he Ijclieves Governor tiichard Bennett "is of 
your lord.diip's fnmily, " and that his arms are the same. This, and 
other eirciimsta;u-es, make it almost certain that Edward Bennett was 
a of tJie family of the name, se\eval of \\liose members were 
euiineut London niercliants and from wliich ranie several families of 
baronet^, the Earl of Arlington and the Earls of Taukcrville. Other 
Bennett-! iii Virginia were L'oliert Bennett, said to be a lirother of 
Edward Bennett,\in<l his agent in 162;i-4; Philip Bennett v,-ho in 164S 
was ad;iiinistrator of liulicrt Bennett; Ambrose Bennett, wlio was a 
";'ht" in a imtejit to Bichard Bennett, in 1635, and wlio, him- 
self, patiMilcd land in Jsle oL^ AVight in 16;]8, and Tliomns Bennett, aged 
;)8 in 1624-5, wlio came to Virginia in 161S and later lived near Edward 
Bennett's i.laiitati(m. 

The V.111S printed above will be of service in beginning an investigation 
of tiie family. Collins (under "Earl of Tankerville' ') has an account 
of the l-iennetts of Lon(U)n, whitdi is far from complete or correct. 
Thomas' Bennett, Bsq., of Clapcot, Berkshire, had several sons, among 
them, Richard", the eldest, and Thomas-, 3d son. Richard- I'ennett was 
the fatiHM- of Ralpli^ (who left male issue) ; Sir John-', who died in 1627 
and was tlie ancestor of the Earl of Arlington and of the Earls of Tanker- 
ville, anil Thomas^, Ahierman of Lon(h)n, who is said by Collins to have 
had two tons, Richard' and Thomas'', wlio was created a baronet in 1662. 
The Avill of Alderman Thomas' Bennett, proved 1620 (pri.ited in J. II. 
Lea's Abstracts) names the two sons, Richard and Thomas, and also 
brothers Ralph and Edward (a son of Richard- Bennett not jiomed by 
Collins, and ^^ ho may have been the Edward Bennett of the Virginia 
Company). The will also names Sir Thomas Bennett (uncle of the 
testator), Ambrose, John, Richard and Symon, sons of Sir Thomas, 
and "cousin" David Bennett and his wife. 

Thomas^ Bennett, 3d son of Thomas', of Clapcot, was sheriff of London, 
1594, Lord Mayor, 1603, and knighted in that year. He married Mary, 
daugiiter of Robert Taylor, sheriff of London, and had issue (according^ 
to Collins) 1. Symon'', created a baronet, 1627; 2. RichanB, an eminent 
merchant of Lomlon, who married Elizabeth Craddork and liad at least 
one son Simon', of Beeclianipton, Bucks, Esq.; 3. John^ (said by Collins 
to have died witliout issue — a statement which his will, jirinted above, 
shows to be incorrect) ; 4. Ann, married William Duiicomb, of Brickhill, 
Bucks; 5. Margaret married Sir George Crooke, Justice of tlie Conunon 
Pleas. Collins omits a fourth son, Ambrose^, whose will is printed above 

'■> i9dra9ir 

*tO 9(i>l 


Jolm^ Bennett (will al.ove) had, in lo',!!, two sons, John^ and Aml.rose' 
both minors Tlus la.t nanaM An,l,rose Jiennett may have 1-een the 

f'I.T.i ' • "i''';o' :'■'";• '''''''^ "^ ^'"■^^^">'^- ^' ^'^ 1"^ ^■^^f-"^'<i to 

I^n-la.ul, as m h.-l9 Aml.rose, son of John Bennett, Esq., of London, 
was api-ointed hy the Parliamentary visitors a fellow of University C<d- 
leae Oxford A^ as AM. 1052, and a harrister-at-law of Gravs Inn IGGl 
(lostcr s Alumm Oj-o,ncn,r,). Riehard Bennett, of London, j^ent., 
at Ar'J'on r,."^ KKd.ard Bennett, of London,' gent, n.atricndatod 
at Menton Co leoe, June 3, 1GU3, ayed IG, and was a student at 

E'd .M.d"\^ ' , ; "• T '"i ^r''^''^' ^'"^■" ''''^ '^^''^ -'t have he n 
f:l'r''^.,^f""^^ ' =^^ the latter -s son Sir John was a student at Oxford 

TiiOMAS BowiaoR in the parish of St. Gregorics, London 
Will 15 May IGIO; jn-ovca 2 Mardi IG-lO/l. I .oi.nnend my 
spirit nito the lian.les of Jesus Christ my Saviour, faithfully 
beleevnio. he wij], after this life ended make me partaker of 
his evorlastino- kino-dome. As for Ihe worldly riehes where- 
with yt hath pleased God of his g'oo.lness to enrieh me, I 
devise in manner following: I will that my nephue John 
Bowker shall enjoy my tenement in Tiiekerton, wherein John 
Russell lately dwelled, for see many yeare.s as he may live, 
with remainder during the tei'me, to his sonne Jolin, to 
Thomas, my late brother AVilliam's soinie, and to his brother 
William, for soe longe as they shall live sueeessively. To my 
nephew John Bowker 's sonne John £100 when heeometh to 
the age of W .yeares. To Thomas my brother William's sonne 
my lease whieh T hold of the Right Honourable Robert, Vis- 
count Cholmely in Minshull, in the tenure of Arthur \var- 
buiton, and I will that the said Thomas shall pay 2s. yearly 
to the said V'iseount besides the rent of ISs a yeare reserved 
in the said lease. To AVilliam Bowker, his brother £200. To 
my said nephues Thomas and AVilliam £220 to .see it bestowed 
to the proffitt of their sister Doi'othie in res])eet of her 
marriage. I give £r,0 more to my s;ii<l nephues, to best owe on 
their sister Anne to her best benefitt. To their mother £10. 
To my nephue John Bowker \s wife £20, ami unto his mother 
£5. To my eosen Amy Bressy £G. l.'js. 4.1., and the like summe 
to her son Hugh i^ivssy. To every other of her foure sonnes 
Tkomas Bressy, l{irli;.rd, Ilugli, and James, 40s. ai)ieee to 


buy thiuii ringC'S. To my coseii Kaiulall Pal)!! of Eaton, £6. 
i;ls. 4'\. To his brother Thomas Nettles 50s. To my loving: 
friend Edward Bosdon of the Middle Temple, London, esquire. 
£6. los. 4d. To my loving freudes Mr. John Povall and his 
Sonne £6. 13s. 4d. half to the father and the other half to the 
Sonne, to buy them ringes. To my cosen Thomas Bnekly and 
to my eosen Handle Palyn of Bicker 50s. apeeee to buy them 
ringe.'i. To my eosen Kobert Buekly and liis brother "William 
£6. l:5s. 4d. to be devided betwixt them. To my coseii Richard 
Heath oOs. to buy him a ringo, and unto Anne his wife £5 to 
buy her a silver bolle. To my eosen William Dodd, my table 
diamdiul ring, and unto Anne liis wife, 50s. to make her 
another ring, to his sonne John and his wife £20. To my eosen 
Thomas Cowpcr 40s and I remit the debts he owetli unto me. 
To njy coseii Caleott of Calcott, 40s. to make him a ringe. 
To evi ry ehilde of old John j\rad(hu'ke of Agtoii, and of 
Thomas Maddocke, his brother wliich are nowe living 20s. 
To the poorc of JMalpas, Biekerton and llartill, to each towne 
£3. (js. 8d. To my loving frend John Minshill of Minshull, 
es(piir<\ the Author uppon the five bookes of Moses and Doctor 
Case uppon Aristotles Pliisickes and Ethickes. To the young 
Mr. 'IMiomas Cholmely of Vale Pioyall my Alphonsus Testatus 
workcs being thirteene volumes to begin a library at the place 
aforesaid. Item, I give unto Thomas Bowker of Buckley £5. 
To my nepliue Thomas Bowker my scale ringe. To his brother 
William my rubie ringe. I hereby constitute my said three 
uepliu:s John, Tliomas and William Bowker my executors 
To thi'iii I devise all my tenement in Wimbersley and Church 
Minshull, which I late purchased from Thomas Cotton of 
Cotton esquire, and Thomas Wilkinson and Elizabeth his 
wife, to be sould for the better performance of this my last 
will. All the rest of my goods to be divided equally among 
my executors, according to the likeing and allowance of Jolin 
Minshull, Thomas Cholmely the father and Edward Bosden 
aforesaid esipiires, whom I appoint overseers of this my last 
will. Published in the year abovcsaid in the presence of us, 


GilluTt Gayiic, Willm Sommer, James Ely. 31st July. Proved 

by the executors named. Evelyn, 32. 

[Rev. James Bowker, niinister of St. Poterri, New Kent, and Rev. 
Ralpli BoAvker, minister of St. Stephens' King and Queen, at tlie be- 
ginning of the 18th century, liad a Ijrotlier Edward Bowker, of London. 
The will of Rev. James Bowker was published in this Magazine XT, 313. 
Rev. Ralph Buwker left descendants. The family was ap]»arently of 
Cheshire origin and the will printed above will give suggeiitions for 
farther researtdi.] 

IiU-iiAKD EvEKACD of :\Iueh Waltluim, co. Essex, Gent. 
Dated 10 June 1C16. Proved 1 Augt. 1G17 

Sentence 2 Dee. 1617 
idy ])odie to be buried in the Church of Mucli Waltham as 
net re unto the lefte syde of my late wife- as nuiy be. To the 
re] iiracdiis of the stoolos in the Church of Waltham 40s 
Towiirds the meiidiiige of the liighway leading from AValtham 
Burve to JMesliye, 5 nuuks. To HUGH EVERAPxD, my 
soinic, my Tenement called Caprons and one garden and two 
pc(!1.5 of pasture belonging and one Tenement called "Shrynes 
..0! rtimc of WILLI A:\I BAPtNARD" all seituate in Muche 
\\';:i;ham, ui;o]i Condicon that he pay xiijs. iiijd. to the poore 
of .\iaeh AVaUham ycrely, on Good Fi-iday, in the Church of 
Mucli Waltham, for ever, accordiiige to the WILL of RICH- 
ARD EVERARD, my grandfather, decea.sed. To JOHN 
EVERARD, my Soinie, £100. To IMARY, my Daughter, £200. 
dren of the said ilARY, my Daughter, Tenn pounds a peece. 
To my Cosyn ANNE Ladye ^lAYNARD, my silver Jugge. 
To MARY the wife of the said HUGH, my sonne and to 
URSULA the wife of JOHN my sonne, a Ringe of Golde, a 
EVERARD, the Cidldren of the said HUGH my soime and to 
RICHARD EVERARD the sonne of the said JOHN my 
Sonne. Tenn pounds apeece. To my Bi'ethren, ROGER 
GOODYAE and RICHARD GOODAYE, and to my Cosin 
THOMAS WISEMAN, a Ringe of golde apeece. To Mr. 



GOFFE, 10s. To the poore of Mnehe AValtham, £xiij. viijd. 
To tlie poore of Chelmiyford and Mowlsliani,£v. To the poore of 
Retteiidon, h. To the poore of Broinefeild and little Waltliam, 
xls. ^^o the poore of Pleshye, £iij. To the poore of Goodster, 
xxs. To the poore of ]\Iasl)bury, xxs. To the poore of Rayue, 
xls. To JOHN HOWELL, sometimes my servant, liijs. iiijd. 
To WILLIAM AYLAIH) and THO.MASIN his wife, 20s. 
each. To WH.LlAiM SANDFORD, my kinsman, £lo'. To 
JOHN GLASCOCKE, my servant, £v. To JOHN kSERICH. 
my servant, fonre marks. To THOilAS BEVYSE, my ser- 
vant, 20s. To WILLIAM BEVYSE, my servant, xxv. To 
vants -lOs. each. Residnary Legatee and Sole Executor, my 
said Sonne HUGH EVERARD. 

& [-Witnesses. 


Proved 1 Augt. 1617 by the Sole Executor named. 82 Wcldon 
P. C. 0. 12-1 Weldon. 

2 Dec. 1G17. 
Sentenci' pronndgated in a suit between HUGH EVERARD, 
son and Executor of the Will of RICHARD EVERARD,' 
late of (jreat Waltham, co. Essex, gent., deceased, of the one 
part a. Hi Dame ANN MAYNARD AIs EVERARD, grand- 
daughter, by the son and next of kin of deceased, beinf 
claughtcr of Sir ANTHONY E\'ERARD. late of Great WaL 
tham deceased, son of said RICHARD of the other, pro- 
nouncing for the sanity of deceased and for the validitv of 
the Will produced by the said HUGH, the rightful executor. 
From the Latin. 

Anthony Ent^rard, of Much Waltham in t